• not allowed to execute '/usr/bin/apt-get install eclipse' as root linux sudo user permisson issue and solution

    This is most likely to happen on a normal GUI system like Ubuntu or Linux Mint. If you or the user is meant to have sudo / root privileges it is as simple as editing the following files: Now assume your username is "iamtheuser" vi /etc/group adm:x:4:syslog,iamtheuser sudo:x:27:anotheruser,iamtheuser Find the above lines and add a comma and "ia........
  • MySQL How To Grant Access To ALL Databases For Export and Backup Purposes

    GRANT SELECT, LOCK TABLES ON *.* TO yourmysqluser@localhost; All you need to do a full MySQL dump on all databases is the SELECT and LOCK TABLES privileges. This way you don't have to use the mysql root user. Data could be compromised this way but at least no harm from manipulation, changes or deletion are possible by locking down the privileges to the minimum for a full MySQL dump and backup.........
  • mysql how to reset passwords with a few commands

    The commands below will help you reset any mysql user password. use mysql; update user set password=PASSWORD('thenewpass') where User='theusername'; flush privileges; The first line says to use the "mysql" database which contains all the user info. the second update line sets the new password "thenewpass" for the u........
  • rsync run as root sudo without password

    This is a common issue, what if a issue shouldn't have root but you want to use that user to make a full backup of a system? They of course need root access. You can actually just give them passwordless sudo access to rsync in /etc/sudoers: sudo vi /etc/sudoers yourusername ALL = NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/rsync Here is how you would execute rsync: The key thing for the remote host is to........
  • ERROR 2013 (HY000): Lost connection to MySQL server during query

    The solution is simple but strange, if you copy your /var/lib/mysql directory to another server and think it will work, be sure to check if you have /var/log/mysql and binary log files. If you do, the server will not work and will give you errors like below and crash without the proper log files. UPDATE user SET password=password("newpass") WHERE user='root'; flush privileges; ERROR 2013 (HY000): Lost connection to MySQL server durin........
  • mysqldump: Couldn't execute 'show create table `general_log`': SHOW command denied to user 'user'@'localhost' for table 'general_log' (1142) - Solution

    mysqldump: Couldn't execute 'show create table `general_log`': SHOW command denied to user 'user'@'localhost' for table 'general_log' (1142) One of my clients almost found out the hard way, here is an unlikely situation that happened. 1.) Years ago the client had another VPS to which they backed up a BLOG nightly to an .sql file, what they forgot is that the file also contained all databases (they used the --all-databases option but forgot). So imagi........
  • Solution ERROR 1146 (42S02): Table ‘mysql.servers’ doesn’t exist - when running flush privileges

    flush privileges; ERROR 1146 (42S02): Table ‘mysql.servers’ doesn’t exist This happened to me on a system running Centos with the REMI repo and a new version of Mysql 5 (which the official Centos/RHEL does not support on version 5). The solution is just to run this program "mysql_upgrade", after that flush privileges will work. mysql_upgrade........
  • MySQL Recover/Reset Lost/Forgotten root Password

    One note is to secure MySQL, I don't know for sure but I believe you could login to MySQL remotely with no password during this operation (I'm not sure, maybe it doesn't accept blank passwords but I firewall MySQL port anyway and recommend you do the same). First edit /etc/my.cf Under the [mysqld] field add the following line somewhere: skip-grant-tables Now restart mysql: service mysql restart or on Debian sty........
  • CREATE Database/Granting Privileges

    CREATE Database/Granting PrivilegesCREATE your first database Code: [code:1:0668cd8e74]CREATE database myfirstdb; [/code:1:0668cd8e74] CREATE a user for your first database This one creates the user 'sqladmin' and gives them 'usage' on your new database 'myfirstdb' Code: [code:1:0668cd8e74]mysql> GRANT usage on myfirstdb.* to sqladmin@localhost; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)[/code:1:0668........
  • pound a Linux Load Balance and Reverse Proxy

    I have played around with Pound a little bit. It is a reverse proxy and load balancer in one, and it can be used as only a reverse proxy if you like. It is very simple to configure as either, and Pound even senses if one of the systems is down and stops sending requests to the dead server. It supports SSL (but passes the request to the destination server unencrypted) and even the Apache log format. Pound is very simple, fast a........
  • MySQL Error "ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user"

    This happened with a select statement which writes the result to an external file. I didn't remember the privilege "FILE" must be granted on *.* for this to work successfully, it wasn't actually an authentication issue as it implies since I was already in the SQL prompt and doing the query. SELECT some_id FROM sometable INTO OUTFILE '/tmp/result.txt'........
  • SAMBA/SMB Share "Write" Access without Delete

    There is a nice mode that Samba supports which you can add to smb.conf create mode=555 This way users can create and write files/directories without deleting (except I believe dirs can be deleted but only if there are no files inside). It's too bad that Linux does not have built-in "write"/"delete" privileges and is something that even Windows 98 can trump.........
  • MySQL Restoring And Dumping/Backing UP MySQL Data/Tables/Databases

    Backing MySQL Databases Backing Up/Dumping All Mysql Databases To A Single File mysqldump --all-databases -u admin -p > allmysqldatabases.sql The "-all-databases" clause is pretty obvious isn't it? It means that it will backup all databases. The "-u admin" means login using the user "admin", if you h........
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