• dd how to backup and restore disk images including compression with gzip


    dd is a very handy tool and there are some more practical things we can do. For example if we want to dump a 3TB drive and want to preserve it and only 200GB are being used on the 3TB we can save a lot of space with gzip. Backing Stuff up with dd How to Use dd to backup a raw hard drive and tar gzip at once Change /dev/sda to the drive you want to backup Change /mnt/extras........
  • ERROR 2013 (HY000): Lost connection to MySQL server during query


    The solution is simple but strange, if you copy your /var/lib/mysql directory to another server and think it will work, be sure to check if you have /var/log/mysql and binary log files. If you do, the server will not work and will give you errors like below and crash without the proper log files. UPDATE user SET password=password("newpass") WHERE user='root'; flush privileges; ERROR 2013 (HY000): Lost connection to MySQL server durin........
  • MySQL NEVER delete ib_logfile0 or ibdata1 or you'll lose data


    don't delete /var/lib/mysql/ib_logfile0 or ibdata1 or mysql won't restart I didn't realize they were internal and not part of replication like the relay files! /usr/libexec/mysqld: ready for connections. Version: '4.1.22-log' socket: '/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock' port: 3306 Source distribution 110127 16:31:00 [Note] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Normal shutdown 110127 16:31:00 InnoDB: Starting shutdown...........
  • Openvz Live Migration Error - Error: undump failed: Invalid argument Restoring failed: Error: iptables-restore exited with 2 Error: Most probably some iptables modules are not loaded Error: rst_restore_net: -22


    Adding IP address(es): 192.168.5.8 192.168.5.9 Setting CPU units: 1000 Error: undump failed: Invalid argument Restoring failed: Error: iptables-restore exited with 2 Error: Most probably some iptables modules are not loaded Error: rst_restore_net: -22 Container start failed Stopping container ... Container was stopped Container is unmounted Error: Failed to undump VE Resuming... vzquota : (erro........
  • OpenVZ/vzctl how to do an on-line migration without downtime


    vzmigrate --online dest-host VEIDNO eg.: vzmigrate --oneline 192.168.1.55 101 One option I would recommend is "--keep-dst", that way if the migration is interrupted you can still bring the VPS back up on the original host. After the migration is successful you can manually destroy it. OpenVZ has a good writeup on this including Checkpointing and Restoring etc:........
  • tar DON't strip/add leading slashes


    It is desirable to strip the leading slashes when taring / because you wouldn't want to overwrite your entire system when extracting some files to check. But if you are restoring / from the tar you want the leading slashes added again. Here's how to do it: --absolute-names -P Either one above will do the same thing.........
  • MySQL Restoring And Dumping/Backing UP MySQL Data/Tables/Databases


    Backing MySQL Databases Backing Up/Dumping All Mysql Databases To A Single File mysqldump --all-databases -u admin -p > allmysqldatabases.sql The "-all-databases" clause is pretty obvious isn't it? It means that it will backup all databases. The "-u admin" means login using the user "admin", if you h........
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