• Linux Ubuntu Debian Missing privilege separation directory: /var/run/sshd


    service sshd status ● ssh.service - OpenBSD Secure Shell server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/ssh.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Active: failed (Result: start-limit-hit) since Wed 2019-10-02 11:07:54 EDT; 36s ago Process: 476 ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/sshd -t (code=exited, status=255) Oct 02 11:07:54 box systemd[1]: Failed to start OpenBSD Secure Shell server. Oct 02 11:07:54 box sys........
  • Ubuntu Debian Mint Linux SSHD OpenSSH Server Not Starting After Reboot Solution


    If you get error messages like this it is usually because /var/run/sshd does not exist. root@userbox:/# service sshd status ● ssh.service - OpenBSD Secure Shell server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/ssh.service; enabled; vendor preset: enab Active: failed (Result: start-limit-hit) since Wed 2019-04-10 02:24:44 EDT; 1 Process: 511 ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/sshd -t (code=exited, status=255)........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager 12 Install Errors on Proxmox/KVM


    The strange thing is that usually the first install or two will work on any new machine but then it suddenly won't. I had this experience on QEMU 2.13 on a different machine. There is something finicky or buggy about the CUCM installer even when choosing the same virtual hardware specs. qemu-kvm command: /usr/libexec/qemu-kvm -version QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.1 (qemu-kvm-0.12.1.2-2.506.el6_10.1), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard ........
  • [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec) [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] Init: Unable to read server certificate from file /www/ssl-certs/server.crt [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] SSL Library Err


    [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec) [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] Init: Unable to read server certificate from file /www/ssl-certs/server.crt [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] SSL Library Error: 218529960 error:0D0680A8:asn1 encoding routines:ASN1_CHECK_TLEN:wrong tag [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] SSL Library Error: 218595386 error:0D07803A:asn1 encoding routines:ASN1_ITEM_EX_D2I:nested asn1 error........
  • ERROR 2006 (HY000) at line 567: MySQL server has gone away


    mysqldump or mysql query of a larger file/table ERROR 2006 (HY000) at line 567: MySQL server has gone away Add this to /etc/my.cnf max_allowed_packet=64M service mysqld restart........
  • FreeBSD/OpenBSD OpenVPN Client error "Cannot allocate TUN/TAP dev dynamically"


    I have never had this error on Linux and this is running FreeBSD as root: Wed Aug 9 04:29:34 2017 us=329050 Cannot allocate TUN/TAP dev dynamically Wed Aug 9 04:29:34 2017 us=329832 Exiting due to fatal error The Solution you need a kernel module that is for some reason not automatically loaded like Linux: kldload if_tap........
  • Cannot allocate TUN/TAP dev dynamically - FreeBSD/OpenBSD OpenVPN Client error Solution


    I have never had this error on Linux and this is running FreeBSD as root: Wed Aug 9 04:29:34 2017 us=329050 Cannot allocate TUN/TAP dev dynamically Wed Aug 9 04:29:34 2017 us=329832 Exiting due to fatal error The Solution You need a kernel module that is for some reason not automatically loaded like Linux: kldload if_tap........
  • How to change reserved blocks in Linux partition


    user@box:~$ sudo tune2fs -l /dev/md99 [sudo] password for user: tune2fs 1.42.9 (4-Feb-2014) Filesystem volume name: Last mounted on: /mnt/md50 Filesystem UUID: 976a8655-2619-4587-878c-dab07f7b7652 Filesystem magic number: 0xEF53 Filesystem revision #: 1 (dynamic) Fi........
  • Apache Centos Stopping httpd: [ OK ] Starting httpd: [Wed Jun 29 19:29:44 2016] [warn] _default_ VirtualHost overlap on port 80, the first has precedence [Wed Jun 29 19:29:44 2016] [warn] _default_ Virtual


    Stopping httpd: [ OK ] Starting httpd: [Wed Jun 29 19:29:44 2016] [warn] _default_ VirtualHost overlap on port 80, the first has precedence [Wed Jun 29 19:29:44 2016] [warn] _default_ VirtualHost overlap on........
  • OpenVZ mismatched kernel and dev when compiling.


    ./configure ./configure: line 91: cd: /lib/modules/2.6.32-042stab084.25/build: No such file or directory Error: kernel version not found. Please make sure your kernel is configured. dr-xr-xr-x. 4 root root 4096 Feb 21 06:13 .. lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 45 Feb 21 06:13 build -> ../../../usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-042stab084.25 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Feb 12 20........
  • Centos Howto Upgrade to PHP 5.3 from 5.2


    It's not as simple as "yum install" as you can see below and it doesn't stop there. yum install php53 Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * rpmforge: mirror.us.leaseweb.net * extras: centos.mirror.rafal.ca * updates: centos.mirror.nexicom.net * base: centos.mirror.nexicom.net * addons: centos.mirror.nexicom.net Setting up Install Process........
  • [emerg] (28)No space left on device: Couldn't create accept lock (/etc/httpd/logs/accept.lock.15449) (5) solution


    [Wed Jan 08 18:50:07 2014] [emerg] (28)No space left on device: Couldn't create accept lock (/etc/httpd/logs/accept.lock.15449) (5) This may happen when trying to restart Apache and you find it dies right after starting and check /var/log/httpd/error_logs. What is the cause of this? You could be out of disk space (if you're not then see #2 and below) You're out of Semaphores, you need to kill all the old ones.........
  • Country List Names in HTML Select From


    This is useful for developing a lot of applications, I'm putting it here to keep it handy for myself and hopefully others: Choose CountryCanadaJapanUnited StatesUnited KingdomAfghanistan........
  • Centos 6 RTL8111/8168B r8169 link up and down error solution/fix


    02:00.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8111/8168B PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet controller (rev 03) For whatever reason it seems the r8169 driver that ships and has shipped with most Linux distros for years is still flawed and does not work properly on these cards, causing 100mbit connectivity when it should be 1gbit and even worse, causing random network dropouts. The r8169 driver in Linux kernels is simply not meant to be used on th........
  • Login and download all files script


    This is very handy if you're too busy and don't have time to download whatever files you need. The -D specifies the domains allowed, this is because I specified -H which means foreign hosts are allowed, if you don't restrict them you'll end up going to the whole internet via ads and other links just like a search Engine would follow. -l 0 specifies to go deep, to as many levels as possible/as exist. -e robots=off is important because robots.txt often says you can't vie........
  • How to Encode all VOBs from a DVD/Bluray VIDEO_TS folder into an XVID


    In my case I already copied the VIDEO_TS folder to my hard drive. Here is the command for mencoder: mencoder -dvd-device "myvideobackup/VIDEO_TS" dvd:// -ovc xvid -oac mp3lame -lameopts cbr:br=128 -xvidencopts pass=2:bitrate=-700000 -o myvideobackup.avi Replace "-dvd-device myvideobackup/VIDEO_TS" with the location of your backup files or the /dev device of your DVD drive. The -o myvideobackup.avi is of course the name o........
  • Debian UUID not working


    Neither the blkid or the UUID internal to mdadm work to automount for some reason in Debian partprobe doesn't work but was a good suggestion from: http://pato.dudits.net/2008/11/03/special-device-uuidxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx-does-not-exist-especially-with-lvm mount: special device /dev/disk/by-uuid/431b9b96-29e8f298-e89bd504-7065bddd does not exist mdadm -D /dev/md_d12 mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored. /dev/md_d12: &nb........
  • Error code: sec_error_unknown_issuer Solution Valid SSL Certificate Throwing Error in Firefox


    So you've just purchased your SSL cert, renewed it and installed it or maybe you've had it installed and working fine all the time with all other browsers but you've upgraded to a recent version of Firefox and suddenly get the warning "Error code: sec_error_unknown_issuer" error. This is terrible since if you bought an SSL cert, you are most likely using it for trust purposes for your business and obviously that message will scare away most potential customers.........
  • How To Test If Your Hard Drive Is Good/Signs of dying hard drive


    I like dd, although it only reads it, usually a read test of the entire disk will uncover if your hard drive is bad in some parts. This is a good thing to do at least once a month, a lot of times bizarre program behavior, laginess and crashing/unnmounting problems etc.. are due to a failing disc and SMART won't know it or indicate a problem: We must also remember there's never a guarantee, I've found that ever since we moved to larger and more platters per drive with 1TB drives........
  • WD EARS Advanced Format Can't be fixed?


    There's no partial WD EARS alignment fix: I had data on /dev/sda3 and /dev/sdb3 (RAID1) so I couldn't edit that one. I thought I'd be smart and try fixing the first two partitions so I set the first one starting at sector 2048 and then +8 for the second partition. This has really slowed the performance down worse than it ever was! Disk /dev/sda: 2000.4 GB, 2000398934016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 243201 cylinders, tot........
  • mdadm Linux Software RAID QuickStart Guide


    Create New RAID 1 Array: First setup your partitions (make sure they are exactly the same size) In my example I have sda3 and sdb3 which are 500GB in size. mdadm --create /dev/md2 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sda3 /dev/sdb3 mdadm: array /dev/md2 started. Check Status Of The Array *Note I already have other arrays md0 and md1. You can see below that md2 is syn........
  • Shutdown/Power/Halt In Debian/Ubuntu/Centos Guide Systems Doesn't Work


    Different distributions such as Debian and Centos behave differently when trying to shutdown your system. shutdown -H now on Debian does not do what you'd expect. The system won't power down, it will halt and do everything but power down. shutdown -PH now will do the job though (actually power the system off). This is important to test especially if you are not near the system. If you just use -P it forcefully shuts off which is not........
  • mdadm can you downgrade the superblock?


    Why would you want to downgrade the superblock? Old mdadm verisons like mdadm 2.5.6 only use the 0.90 superblock/metadata and new versions use 1,1.0,1.1 and 1.2 superblocks by default. There are some annoying caveats with this, first of all the new superblocks (later than 0.90) CANNOT be read by GRUB, so you won't even be able to install GRUB. Even worse, old versions of mdadm CANNOT automatically detect arrays even if they were created with a new version of mdadm with th........
  • Gigabyte GA-H57M-USB3 Complaint Review/Comments


    I'm not impressed with this motherboard, I was impressed with my Gigabyte AM3 board which seems to work flawlessly. Everyone knows that the firmware is flawed, even though I have the F6, it still seems that the system doesn't reset properly or quickly enough. Another HUGE problem is that in most Linux kernels the NIC won't work (if you try 10 times by rebooting it might). I also notice that you need to power down for it to work. This board does not seem very com........
  • mdadm Linux Software RAID auto-detect and assemble RAID Array


    mdadm --assemble --scan mdadm: /dev/md/diaghost05102010:2 has been started with 2 drives. mdadm: /dev/md/diaghost05102010:1 has been started with 2 drives. mdadm: /dev/md/diaghost05102010:0 has been started with 2 drives. -bash-3.1# cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [linear] [raid0] [raid1] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [multipath] md125 : active raid1 sda1[0] sdb1[1] 14658185 blocks super 1.2........
  • Convert HDD/Hard Drive Partition(s) into non-RAID into RAID 1 using existing data without data loss and without reformatting.


    Before we start I take no responsibility for this, you should have a backup and if you make a mistake during this process you could wipe out all of your data. So backup somewhere else before starting this as a precaution, or make sure it's data you could afford to lose. The RAID 1 Setup (Hardware Wise) I've already setup my 2 x 1TB (Seagate) drives with identical partitions, make sure your new hard drive (the empty one) is setup like your curr........
  • Updated to Version 3.8 and can't login


    Updated to Version 3.8 and can't loginSSHD accepts my password but then hangs at "Last login: Wed Sep 13 21:30:02 2006 from" This occurred during a yum update after upgrading my release, installing the new kernel and rebooting. I got kicked out of sshd after seeing the following during yum update: telnet 100 % done 85/476 tux 100 % done 86/476 ntsysv 100 % done 87/476 rpmdb-redhat 94 % done 88/476........
  • It's not all about the speed.


    It's not all about the speed.I'd also thought I'd mention that speed is not everything. Routing is the key, because if one router you hit is slow then it doesn't matter how fast your connection is. I have found that locally, Telus has much better routing than Shaw (although I have not yet tested their new DOCSIS network). There are also some countries such as Sweden that offer high speed connections, but the high speed only applies locally. The reason is that man........
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