bash how to read a single line or filenames with spaces solution


This happens all the time, you are reading from a textfile which has spaces eg:

datainfo 00
datainfo 11

If you do loop on it like this:
for info in `cat $file`; do
echo "info=$info"
done


It will treat datainfo and 00 as two separate lines:

info=datainfo
info=00

Obviously that's not what we want and there are many weird solutions in bash but I'll try and pick what I feel is the simplest and most practical.

My favorite solution:

The key is setting the IFS as below and changing the default delimiter from space ""to newline or \n. You can use the same code and it tells bash to understand not to see a " " space as a delimiter so only a newline is counted. In plain English this makes it so files and directories with spaces are interpreted as intended.

IFS=$(echo -en "\n\b")

for info in `cat $file`; do
echo "info=$info"
done

Solution #2
while read -r; do
line=$REPLY
id=`echo $line|cut -f 2 -d " "`
ip=`echo $line|cut -f 1 -d " "`
done < migratelist.txt


Tags:

bash, filenames, spaces, textfile, eg, datainfo, info, echo, quot, solutions, ll, simplest, ifs, default, delimiter, newline, counted, directories, interpreted, en, reply, ip, migratelist, txt,

Latest Articles

  • Linux tftp listens on all interfaces and IPs by DEFAULT Security Risk Hole Solution
  • python import docx error
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager Express Cheatsheet CUCME CME
  • Linux Ubuntu Debian Missing privilege separation directory: /var/run/sshd
  • bash how to count the number of columns or words in a line
  • bash if statement how to test program output without assigning to variable
  • RTNETLINK answers: Network is unreachable
  • Centos 7 how to save iptables rules like Centos 6
  • nfs tuning maximum amount of connections
  • qemu-kvm error "Could not initialize SDL(No available video device) - exiting"
  • Centos 7 tftpd will not work with selinux enabled
  • Debian Ubuntu Mint Howto Create Bridge (br0)
  • How To Control Interface that dhcpd server listens to on Debian based Linux like Mint and Ubuntu
  • LUKS unable to type password to unlock during boot on Debian, Ubuntu and Mint
  • Debian Ubuntu and Linux Mint Broken Kernel After Date - New Extra Module Naming Convention
  • Wordpress overwrites and wipes out custom htaccess rules and changes soluton
  • Apache htaccess and mod_rewrite how to redirect and force all URLs and visitors to the SSL / HTTPS version
  • python 3 pip cannot install mysql module
  • QEMU-KVM won't boot Windows 2016 or 2019 server on an Intel Core i3
  • Virtualbox vbox not starting