/ - rtt - IT Resource

  • bash script how to to check LAN computers for open ports


    In this case it just searches for port 80 it is fairly handy if you have some sort of appliance or something else you aren't sure of the IP of Of course change the port 80 port to whatever port(s) you want. for ip in `arp -n|arp -n|tail -n +2|head -n -1 |grep -v incomplete|awk '{print $1}'`; do  echo "checking $ip:80"  nc -w 1 -z $ip 80  if [ "$?" == 0 ]; then   echo "**Port 8........
  • systemd management using systemctl and journalctl to check systemd logs


    systemd is like the service manager for your Centos and other modern Linux distributions (including Debian/Mint/Ubuntu) allows you to enable services, stop them, restart them, check their status and even reboot your system. The key commands or arguments you will use with systemctl are the following: Unit Commands:   list-units [PATTERN...]         List loaded units &nbs........
  • Linux What is umask (user mask) for file and directory creation permissions and how to calculate umask and change the defaults


    umask are the default permissions that are applied when a file or directory are created.  To see this in action simply just "touch filename" or "mkdir somedir" and you'll see what default permissions are applied. The first thing I always tell people you should know is to NEVER change the defaults unless you are making them more restrictive.  But they work well and if you change the defaults you could end up creating a file without permission to read........
  • AMD Set Fan Speed and Other Powerplay Memory/CPU Timings with a Linux script


    You can do other things but this particular script is just to set all AMD cards to 80% fan speed (remember this script needs to applied everytime you reboot). You could set it is a cron or just throw it into /etc/rc.local basepath=/sys/class/drm for hwmon in `ls -1 /sys/class/drm|grep card[0-99]$`; do echo card=$hwmon; hwmonname=`ls $basepath/$hwmon/device/hwmon|grep hwmon[0-99]` hwmonpath=$basepath/$hwmon/device/hwmon/$hwmonname echo "ec........
  • Linux Kernel USB Export Errors


    4.374647] usb_common: exports duplicate symbol usb_get_dr_mode (owned by kernel) [ 4.403334] usbcore: exports duplicate symbol __usb_get_extra_descriptor (owned by kernel) [ 4.427736] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: xHCI Host Controller [ 4.427844] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1 [ 4.429040] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: hcc params 0x200077c1 hci version 0x100 quirks 0x01109810 [ 4.429141] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: cache line size of 64 is not sup........
  • HP DL385 G7 Linux BIOS Update Flash


    wget https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe --2018-08-16 05:11:16--  https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe Resolving downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)... 15.249.152.85 Connecting to downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)|15.249.152.85|:443... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 1525561 (1.5........
  • Firefox An error occurred during a connection to some-ip-or-domain. SSL peer reports incorrect Message Authentication Code. Error code: SSL_ERROR_BAD_MAC_ALERT Solution


    An error occurred during a connection to some-ip-or-domain. SSL peer reports incorrect Message Authentication Code. Error code: SSL_ERROR_BAD_MAC_ALERT     The page you are trying to view cannot be shown because the authenticity of the received data could not be verified.     Please contact the website owners to inform them of this problem. **Solution** Go to about:config........
  • vmkping -I vmk1 10.0.2.69 PING 10.0.2.69 (10.0.2.69): 56 data bytes sendto() failed (Host is down)


    [root@localhost:~] vmkping -I vmk1 10.0.2.69 PING 10.0.2.69 (10.0.2.69): 56 data bytes sendto() failed (Host is down) vsphere distributed switch vmotion not working [root@localhost:~]  esxcfg-route -l VMkernel Routes: Network          Netmask          Gateway          Interface &........
  • VMWare vSphere 6.7 Errors Solution 503 Service Unavailable (Failed to connect to endpoint:


    503 Service Unavailable (Failed to connect to endpoint: [N7Vmacore4Http20NamedPipeServiceSpecE:0x00005556ba09c070] _serverNamespace = / action = Allow _pipeName =/var/run/vmware/vpxd-webserver-pipe) 503 Service Unavailable (Failed to connect to endpoint: [N7Vmacore4Http16LocalServiceSpecE:0x00007fd26000b240] _serverNamespace = /ui action = Allow _port = 5090) Errors like the above are usually because there is an issue with your vSphere or more commonly it i........
  • Supermicro IPMI / KVM / BMC Remote Console Screen Resizing Issue - Window Cut Off Solution


    It could just be my specific Java but other KVM/IP works ok on my machine but with Supermicro's IPMI for some reason the console window doesn't resize and even putting it in full screen leaves the window cut off as shown below: As you can see above the screen is cut off you can't see the "I agree" on the right side. The window resi........
  • zenity popup messages, windows, dialogs, error messages calendars and more howto on Gnome Linux including Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Centos and more


    zenity is a nice utility as part of the gnome window manager that allows you to script from bash and retrieve the input from the user.  It could also be helpful in just notifying a user when they login with a popup window. I'll give an overview of what's available with zenity:   Application Options: --calendar Display calendar dialog --entry Display tex........
  • Debian/Ubuntu/Mint Linux How To Set VLAN in /etc/network/interfaces


    You can find many ways to specify the VLAN in your network configuration but I find this is the simplest and quickest. In this case we are talking about a bridged adapter "vmbr0" but it works even if you just had a normal non-bridged interface. The key here is that in vmbr0 you'll notice there is no IP address.  We just specify "manual". Below it is a similar stanza for "vmbr0.58" in this case 58 represents the VLAN (change........
  • PHP Displaying Blank Page on Apache


    Almost always the reason will be that the php.so file is missing but also that php.conf is misconfigured. In the problem machine it is actually PHP 7 installed so if you reference PHP 5 of course things wil be broken! Take for example here: cat /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf # # PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language which attempts to make it # easy for developers to write dynamica........
  • PHP Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so' - /usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so: undefined symbol: GeoIP_country_code_by_name_v6 in Unknown on line 0


    PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so' - /usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so: undefined symbol: GeoIP_country_code_by_name_v6 in Unknown on line 0 Solution: Edit geoip.ini vi /etc/php.d/geoip.ini Comment out the .so like so: ;extension=geoip.so service httpd restart........
  • VMWare ESXi 6.7 SSH/PowerShell CLI Commands


    [root@localhost:~] BootModuleConfig.sh          echo                         host-ind                     nfcd                   ........
  • VMWare Vsphere VCSA Graphical Install Creates json


    yes it does create its own json ============================================ cat /tmp/vcsaUiInstaller/ovftool-20180809-175238948-20180809-175603497.log |grep -i json 2018-08-09T17:56:04.238-07:00 verbose OVFTool[30966] [Originator@6876 sub=Default] Manifest file entry: SHA1(VMware-vCenter-Server-Appliance-6.7.0.12000-8832884_OVF10-file1.json) = 1deb658c724767697587d5909c4051c01813e6a1 -->     <ovf:File ovf:href="VMware-vCenter-Server-........
  • Debian Mint Ubuntu compiling xmr-stak


    sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev git build-essential autotools-dev autoconf libcurl3 sudo apt-get install libcurl4-gnutls-dev git clone https://github.com/wolf9466/cpuminer-multi sudo apt-get install cmake  libpthread-* libmicrohttpd-dev libssl-dev libhwloc-dev git clone https://github.com/fireice-uk/xmr-stak-cpu.git make install cd bin chmod +x xmr-stak-cpu ./xmr-stak -O xmr........
  • Python SyntaxError: Missing parentheses in call to 'print'


    SyntaxError: Missing parentheses in call to 'print'   This is an annoying issue where the syntax between Python 2 and 3 changed which breaks old scripts. print "hello" #change to print("Hello, World!")........
  • [warn] VirtualHost 10.2.5.101:443 overlaps with VirtualHost 10.2.5.101:443, the first has precedence, perhaps you need a NameVirtualHost directive


    [root@thetor2017 conf]# service httpd restart Stopping httpd:                                            [  OK  ] Starting httpd: WARNING: MaxClients of 3000 exceeds ServerLimit value of 300 servers,  lowering MaxClients to 300.  To increase........
  • Ethereum Client Errors


    INFO [07-19|12:11:51] Imported new block receipts              count=590  elapsed=8.440s     bytes=74117699  number=4870906 hash=6bc60b…934753 ignored=0 INFO [07-19|12:11:57] Imported new state entries               count=499  elapsed=9.963ms    processed=71076 pending=1526  retry=2&nbs........
  • PayPal IPN Failed "result: IPN Handshake Invalid"


    This is often the result of PayPal's "item name" or another name having invalid characters or not supporting Unicode.   173.0.81.1 - - [17/Jul/2018:13:39:45 -0400] "POST //modules/gateways/callback/paypal.php HTTP/1.1" 406 - "-" "PayPal IPN ( https://www.paypal.com/ipn )" A good clue is if you check the debug output of the IPN and find a mandatory column empty.  ........
  • wodim / cdrecord error cannot burn DVD or BDR .iso Errno: 5 (Input/output error), write_g1 scsi sendcmd: no error


     dvd+rw-mediainfo /dev/sr0 INQUIRY:                [ASUS    ][BW-16D1HT       ][3.00] GET [CURRENT] CONFIGURATION:  Mounted Media:         11h, DVD-R Sequential  Media ID:              RITEKF1  &n........
  • Linux Mint 18 Screen Goes Dark or Black After Screensaver or even when using the Desktop Solution


    You can search for this bug and it seems like it may be related to ecryptfs and is many years old. The symptoms are that you return to the computer and the screensaver was active or the screen was asleep/black and it doesn't seem to come back.  But you check by SSH the computer is running fine and are frustrated you'll lose your running programs and have to reboot. There is a simple solution: Ctrl + Alt + F1 Ctrl + Alt + F8 Ba........
  • iptables guide and examples and howto


    iptables allow port 22 example Of course change --dport and -s to suit your needs #allow certain IP to access port 22  iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 22 -s 192.168.1.0/24 -j ACCEPT # block others iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 22 -j DROP........
  • Postfix How To Change Sending IP Address To Specific IP Binding or Interface


    I thought I'd post this becuase there is some bad information out there.  Some guides tell you to edit /etc/postfix/master.cf (-o smtp_bind_address=) but this doesn't work.  The same guide also says if you don't change it there you end up changing the listening IP/bind interface which is also not true. Here is a simple and effective way to change Postfix's sending/binding/outgoing IP address (very important for reverse DNS and so mail servers don't block you)........
  • VMWare 6.7 VCSA VSphere ESXi Management SSO Install Guide on Linux using the CLI


    #mount the VCSA DVD mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd #alternatively you could mount the iso directly mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path #for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux cd /mnt/cd/vcsa-cli-installer/lin64 #no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file ./vcsa-deploy Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
  • vino server error cannot login


    10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM [IPv4] Got connection from client10.10.25.1 10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM   other clients: 10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM Client Protocol Version 3.7 10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM Advertising security type 18 10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM Client returned security type 18 10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM TLS Handshake failed: Could not negotiate a supported cipher suite. 10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM Client10.10.25.1 gone 10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM Statistics:........
  • OpenVPN auth-user-pass-verify ENV script error


    Starting with newer versions of OpenVPN I believe 2.2+ you need to have "script-security 3" set or you can't execute a third party script. Prior to that you could also use the auth-user-pass-verify like this: auth-user-pass-verify ./validate.pl "$username $password $ip" via-env Options error: the --auth-user-pass-verify directive should have at most 2 parameters.  To pass a list of arguments as one of the paramete........
  • Cannot create gradle for conversations


    The main issue is it looks like Java is not configured to accept the invalid ssl cert that is coming from the download location. Exception in thread "main" java.lang.RuntimeException: javax.net.ssl.SSLException: java.security.ProviderException: java.security.InvalidKeyException: EC parameters error  export ANDROID_HOME=/home/user/Downloads/tools/ Conversations-master$ ./gradlew Downloading https://services.gradle.org/distributions/grad........
  • not allowed to execute '/usr/bin/apt-get install eclipse' as root linux sudo user permisson issue and solution


    This is most likely to happen on a normal GUI system like Ubuntu or Linux Mint.  If you or the user is meant to have sudo / root privileges it is as simple as editing the following files: Now assume your username is "iamtheuser" vi /etc/group adm:x:4:syslog,iamtheuser sudo:x:27:anotheruser,iamtheuser Find the above lines and add a comma and "ia........
  • mail command line examples of how to send an email using Linux / Unix and the Bash Shell or Scripting


    A simple way that may work for a lot of people who just need basic output for their scripts or daemons to announce an action is this: echo "body or message" | mail -s "realtechtalk.com" user@domain.com If you want to send a text file as the body just do this instead: mail -s "realtechtalk.com" user@domain.com < /tmp/sometxtfile.txt These a........
  • named [FAILED] - zone 1.168.192.in-addr.arpa/IN: not loaded due to errors. - bind error solution


    Centos when copying old files and restarting it seems load everything fine and then says [FAILED] with no log or other message. service restart named named   [FAILED] Check more thoroughly you may have missed the error if you have lots of zones!  service named restart|grep error zone 1.168.192.in-addr.arpa/IN: not loaded due to errors. zone 2.168.192.in-addr.arpa/IN: no........
  • OpenVPN cannot ping remote IP routing loop issue after connecting


    Sometimes if you have a very basic configuration OpenVPN on the client side for some reason sends all traffic to the OpenVPN server IP through the tun0 which is of course impossible and creates a block or routing loop.  This is because you need to use your normal ISP/LAN gateway to hit the OpenVPN server if it is remote/offsite as is usually the case.  So if you are connected to the OpenVPN through say a tun0 device and your routing is set to connect to the OpenVPN&nbs........
  • Maximum number of connections from user+IP exceeded (mail_max_userip_connections=10) Dovecot Solution


    This happens because Dovecot limits the maximum IMAP connections per IP to just 10.  This may be fine for a single client side IP but if an entire office or multiple users are behind one IP or a single heavy user is active then you will get bizarre errors in your e-mail clients such as "Password Incorrect" or similar in Thunderbird.  It won't be obvious on the client side as to what the problem is and they will probably just think the server is misconfi........
  • Linux Mint Black Screen after boot no graphics solution


    This is not the normal "black screen" issue and I was shocked to eventually find out why.  The normal advice of reconfiguring Xorg didn't work.  Even booting into "Recovery Mode" did not help. Here is the short end of the stick that fixed it: sudo apt-get install mdm mate-desktop-environment Yes you got it right, mdm and the mate-desktop-environment / gnome were somehow uninstalled.  This must be whe........
  • Duplicate entry '2147483647' for key 'PRIMARY' MySQL Error Solution


    This usually happens when you are using something like an INT and try to insert a larger value than the maximum which is larger than "2147483647" On a practical term I have seen this and been guilty of this error when using scripts like PHP and generating large random numbers:   $hash = mt_rand(5,9999999999999); Obviously that many 9's are more digits than the maximum of an INT resulting in that error.  Change your code accord........
  • SMF Forums / Simple Machines Forums Not Displaying Images Theme or Styles Properly using 127.0.0.1


    This is one thing that has me wondering about SMF.  It is apparently a known issue but in the latest version and new install nothing looked right because it was using http://127.0.0.1 to find everything!  How on earth would it ever do this or think it is normal? Excerpt of crazy html code it produces that causes the issue:     <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css&qu........
  • MySQL How To Grant Access To ALL Databases For Export and Backup Purposes


    GRANT SELECT, LOCK TABLES ON *.* TO yourmysqluser@localhost; All you need to do a full MySQL dump on all databases is the SELECT and LOCK TABLES privileges.  This way you don't have to use the mysql root user.  Data could be compromised this way but at least no harm from manipulation, changes or deletion are possible by locking down the privileges to the minimum for a full MySQL dump and backup.........
  • Apache htaccess Custom ErrorDocument not working properly for root home page 403 Error Issue and Solution


    So I have a domain "testdomain.com". Inside test domain.com's root is the following .htaccess: Options +FollowSymLinks -Indexes ErrorDocument 403 /launch/index.html Order Deny,Allow Deny From All Allow From 192.168.1.2 When you visit anything other than root things work fine.  Eg. if you visit http://testdomain.com/somedirfile.html It will show the right error in /launch/........
  • samba how to listen on specific IP only


    This is useful for security purposes especially on a server which may have a public IP assigned to it but has a second NIC for the LAN. Here is how you edit smb.conf: [global] interfaces = 192.168.1.50 bind interfaces only = yes As you can see above it will only listen on 192.168.1.50 and remind to keep the "bind interfaces only" option.........
  • How To Install Windows Server 7 8 10 12 2008 2012 2014 2016 Servers Desktops using Linux tftp, dhcpd and samba


    It has been a big pain for a long-time to install Windows from a Linux environment.  I used to run a windows install server and it never worked right for some reason (the install would fail on most servers). Before getting start be sure to setup your samba share so once you boot into WinPE you can mount the install for whatever Windows you want /etc/samba/smb.conf [smbwinstall] path = /tftpboot/images/winstall guest ok = yes........
  • OpenVZ Solutions vzquota : (error) Can't open quota file for id 123123, maybe you need to reinitialize quota: No such file or directory


    Error: Unable to apply new quota values: quota not running Container start failed (try to check kernel messages, e.g. "dmesg | tail") Killing container ... Container was stopped Error: Unable to apply new quota values: quota not running Can't umount /vz/private/123123: Invalid argument [root@rtt 123123]# vzquota on 123123 vzquota : (error) Can't open quota file for id 123123, maybe you need to reinit........
  • htaccess apache how deny/allow to block or allow by IP address


    order deny,allow Deny From All Allow From 8.8.8.8 A simple and quick way to improve security by only allowing specific IPs to your web application. In this case the above allows only the IP 8.8.8.8 to access things and everything else is denied.........
  • PHP geoip.so fatal error Solution


    PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so' - /usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so: undefined symbol: GeoIP_country_code_by_name_v6 in Unknown on line 0  Remove the GEOIP from PHP: php71w-pecl-geoip-1.1.1-1.w6.x86_64   PHP Fatal error:  PHP Startup: apc_shm_create: shmget(0, 67108864, 914) failed: Invalid argument. It is possible that the........
  • GCC 5 on Centos 6 - How To Install


    Install requirements: yum -y install gmp-devel mpfr-devel libmpc-devel glibc-devel glibc-devel.i686 zip unzip jar   Download, untar, configure, compile and install GCC http://mirrors.kernel.org/gnu/gcc/gcc-5.5.0/gcc-5.5.0.tar.gz tar -zxvf gcc-5.5.0.tar.gz cd gcc-5.5.0 ./configure make make install Now you need to cleanup th........
  • possible SYN flooding on ctid 42131, port 80. Sending cookies. - Solution


    The Linux Kernel interpretated a very high volume of real traffic as a DDOS attack so it basically ends up blocking your web server. possible SYN flooding on ctid 42131, port 80. Sending cookies. Simple fix edit sysctl values for max_syn_backlog sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog=5000 To make them permanent edit /etc/sysctl.conf echo "net.ipv4.tcp_........
  • Linux last command show login by IP instead of hostname


    In the "last" command in Linux by default it will show the information with the hostname (not very useful at all especially since it normally truncates long hostnames). To get last to show the IP address use this: last -i The -i makes it show the numeric IP instead of hostname.........
  • Install Windows From a Linux TFTP Server instead of using WDS Solution


    yum -y install samba vi /etc/samba/smb.conf https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/boot/syslinux/syslinux-6.03.zip mkdir syslinux;cd syslinux;unzip syslinux-6.03.zip mkdir -p /tftpboot/libs/ cp bios/com32/modules/linux.c32 /tftpboot/libs/ cp bios/com32/libutil/libutil.c32 /tftpboot/libs/ cp bios/com32/lib/libcom32.c32 /tftpboot/libs/ #add lib path echo "PATH libs" >> /tftpboot/pxeli........
  • How To Secure Samba NMBD/SMBD to bind to a specific IP address


    By default Samba SMB/NMB listen on ANY and ALL IPs on your system by binding to 0.0.0.0.  Obviously this is a huge security risk if you have a public facing server with both internal and external access.  Usually when a system administrator sets up a samba server their intention is just to share with a LAN. To do this you need to the following options under the [global] section in smb.conf bind interfaces only = yes interfaces = 192........
  • Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for directory /home/user SSH Public Key Authentication Failed Solution


    First of all I got this error after accidentally messing up my usergroup by using usermod -G user group When I would login using SSH keys it would fail: sshd[2020]: Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for directory /home/one No worries, the fix is simple! chmod g-w /home/use........
  • dhcpd.conf how to secure so only known and allowed clients will be given dhcpd IP address leases


    It's really simple and just a matter of the following line within the subnet declaration.   deny unknown-clients; See example below: subnet 10.25.20.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {   range 10.25.20.11 10.25.20.254;   deny unknown-clients;   option routers 10.25.20.10;   option domain-name-servers 208.67.222.222;   ........
  • M2Crypto.SSL.Checker.WrongHost: Peer certificate subjectAltName does not match host, expected fedora-archive.ip-connect.vn.ua, got DNS:mirror.ip-connect.vn.ua


    You are using Centos 5 which is deprecated so nothing in yum will work until you follow this post to use the vault: http://realtechtalk.com/Centos_59_Working_Vault_Repo_file-1921-articles yum update Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile  * epel: fedora-archive.ip-connect.vn.ua Traceback........
  • linux cp and mv will not overwrite due to alias!


    This through me for a loop when I would do a cp -rf or mv -f nothing would get overwritten even if piping y or yes to the command. Type alias and you'll see why: alias cp='cp -i' alias l.='ls -d .* --color=auto' alias ll='ls -l --color=auto' alias ls='ls --color=auto' alias mv='mv -i' alias rm='rm -i' The -i is a safeguard against messing things up but however does mess things up worse when you know what........
  • iptables v1.4.7: can't initialize iptables table `NAT': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?) Perhaps iptables or your kernel needs to be upgraded.


    iptables -t NAT -A PREROUTING -s 24.30.44.0/24 -j DNAT --to-destination 10.10.10.1 iptables v1.4.7: can't initialize iptables table `NAT': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?) Perhaps iptables or your kernel needs to be upgraded. Solution # it is case sensitive "nat" and DO NOT use "NAT" or you will get this error! iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -s 24.30.44.0/24 -j DNAT --to-destination 10.10.10.1........
  • kdenlive - No LADSPA plugins were found! Check your LADSPA_PATH environment variable. [producer_xml] failed to load transition "qtblend"


    This happens if you are running a kdenlive script from the shell of a remote machine without using SSH "-X" forwarding and it will also cause any areas where you write text to be a white screen for that duration.   melt FusionFestival.kdenlive No LADSPA plugins were found! Check your LADSPA_PATH environment variable. [producer_xml] failed to load transition "qtblend" [producer_xml] failed to load transition &q........
  • l2tp ipsec VPN Error Sep 12 18:16:25 vps pluto[7299]: ERROR: asynchronous network error report on eth0 (sport=500) for message to 192.5.6.2 port 20640, complainant 192.5.6.2: Connection refused [errno 111, origin ICMP type 3 code 3 (not authenticated


    Sep 12 18:16:25 vps pluto[7299]: ERROR: asynchronous network error report on eth0 (sport=500) for message to 192.5.6.2 port 20640, complainant 192.5.6.2: Connection refused [errno 111, origin ICMP type 3 code 3 (not authenticated)] Some say changing the "leftprotoport=17/%any" will fix this but I have not found this to be the case. Essentially it means at least one end is blocking the ipsec packets.  Sometimes the %any allows an alt........
  • Centos 5.9 Working Vault Repo file


    Centos 5 is not supported running yum will produce an error like this: YumRepo Error: All mirror URLs are not using ftp, http[s] or file.  Eg. Invalid release/ removing mirrorlist with no valid mirrors: /var/cache/yum/base/mirrorlist.txt Error: Cannot find a valid baseurl for repo: base Solution - Update this file CentOS-Base.repo   # CentOS-Base.repo........
  • Linux bash script to see what connected computers respond to ping


    A great way when moving your equipment to a new location, new router/switch etc to help confirm what MAC has what IP:   for ip in `arp -na|awk '{print $2}'|sed s/(//g|sed s/)//g`; do echo ping $ip ping -c 1 -w 1 $ip > /dev/null if [ "$?" == 0 ]; then    echo "$ip UP" fi done........
  • rsync specify alternate port non-standard port than 22


    It is not obvious but the rsync --help  rsync --help|grep port      --port=PORT             specify double-colon alternate port number --port does not do anything at all actually for some strange reason it still uses 22 You have to specify a manual ssh command to make it work: -e 'ssh -........
  • kdenlive titles/text renders as white screen when using .sh script


    When using the .sh script the rendering doesn't work after an upgrade of related packages to kdenlive.   kdenlive (kdenlive:amd64 (4:17.04.1+git201705191233~ubuntu16.04.1)) with affine or composite transitions was fine but is now broken during the time of transition it is just a white screen. The previous version was fine: kdenlive:amd64 (4:17.04.1+git201705191233~ubuntu16.04.1 But now I can't find it or install it:........
  • [1035724.274610] [drm:intel_pipe_update_end [i915_bpo]] *ERROR* Atomic update failure on pipe A (start=62076478 end=62076479) time 102 us, min 894, max 899, scanline start 893, end 900 W: Possible missing firmware /lib/firmware/i915/kbl_dmc_ver1.bin


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     service iptables start  iptables: Applying firewall rules: iptables-restore: line 40 failed                                                            [FAILED]........
  • Linksys E2500 DD-WRT Upgrade Instructions and Enabling 5ghz with Tomato Firmware


    1.) Flash directly to this file: http://tomato.groov.pl/download/K26RT-N/build5x-132-EN/Linksys%20E-series/tomato-E2500-NVRAM60K-1.28.RT-N5x-MIPSR2-132-Max.zip *I was never able to get the larger "Mega" file to work, at least not initially so I recommend the file above. To enable 5ghz I had to do the "Clear NVRAM" Option before it was shown. 2.) Or if you don't need 5ghz (most devices do not support it and cannot........
  • PAP2T Linksys VOIP strange ring problem


    The problem is that the default of most of these units is set for non-North American phones so the ring sounds like it cuts off and is not  sequential. How To Fix the Issue Click on "Regional" and make sure you are in Advanced mode.    ........
  • Debian Linux Ubuntu Mint connect to pptp from terminal bash shell


    apt-get install pptp-linux echo "yourvpnusername * yourpasspass *" >> /etc/ppp/chap-secrets vi /etc/ppp/peers/provpnaccounts.com enter (ignore the lines): ============ pty "pptp server.provpnaccounts.com --nolaunchpppd" name testuser #remotename PPTP require-mppe-128 file /etc/ppp/options.pptp ==========........
  • Linux Debian/Ubuntu/Centos How To Force Internet Traffic Through PPTP L2TP OpenVPN Account Only


    The following assumes the computer is local/physical to you and/or it always has a LAN IP so it can be accessed on site without having a default gateway. The key to this is not to set a default gateway for your computer or you can set a script on boot or other time to delete the gateway (where eth0 is the NIC you are using): route del default eth0 50.80.20.2 is the VPN server you connect to 192.168.1.1 is your........
  • Centos Add Multiple IP Addresses in a range without manually setting each static IP


    This is actually very simple and this example assumes your network device is "eth0" In Centos your network config would be the following: /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 Take the same path and just add a "-range0" So to add a range create the following file: /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0-range0 IPADDR_START=192.168.1.50 IPADD........
  • bash scripting for loop set number of iterations


    A handy trick in bash that can be adapted to many useful tasks: for i in {1..99}; do echo $i done 1 2.. 97 98 99 100 Another tricky is if you need a 0 in front of the first letters: for i in {1..12}; do if [ $i -lt 10 ]; then     i=0"$i" fi echo $i........
  • Bing/Microsoft Ads flex.atdmt.com causing problems for ad tracking and site loading


    I was asked to troubleshoot why a site wasn't loaded or responding properly, it turned out they were using some old javascript tracker from Bing/Microsoft that is no longer valid or working.  You have to wait forever for it to time out but it really did disrupt the functionality of a very important site: flex.atdmt.com If you have the above code in javascript on your site remove or comment it out.........
  • CPanel Cannot Login HTTP error 401 You do not have permission to access this page.


    HTTP error 401 You do not have permission to access this page. It was actually a bad hosts entry or where your IP was somehow added to /etc/hosts.deny this is what you will see from CPanel........
  • Debian 8 Jessie in Linux OpenVZ Container does not work on Centos host


    It sounds like this is corrected in later versions of the OpenVZ kernel but I am not sure, it may also be that a much newer kernel is needed and Centos may not have a recent enough kernel. *Debain 7.0 however does work fine as a temporary fix or work around. Debian 8 OpenVZ no IP and networking not working: lo        Link encap:Local Loopback     ........
  • How to scp transfer a file in Linux with spaces


    Say you have a path like this "/some/path/here with spaces/".  If you try to transfer it you will get a message along the lines of: scp -rp 192.168.0.12:"/some/path/here space/" . scp: /some/path/here: No such file or directory scp: space: No such file or directory You can escape each space but what a pain that is especially if you have multiple spaces in the path. The simplest way is to use the follow........
  • Centos 6 how to guide convert LVM non-RAID into mdadm 1/10 RAID array live without reinstalling


    Here is the scenario you or a client have a remote machine that was installed as a standard/default minimal Centos 6.x machine on a single disk with LVM for whatever reason.  Often many people do not know how to install it to a RAID array so it is common to have this problem and why reinstall if you don't need to?  In some cases on a remote system you can't easily reinstall without physical or KVM access. So in this case you add a second physical or disk or already ha........
  • Centos cannot login by console or ssh session closed immediately


    In my case I could login with the initial install but I rsync'd everything over while preserving ownership and permissions to another RAID partition and booted from that.was fine before. The problem is that you are kicked out the second you login and the problem was SELINUX for some reason (perhaps it noticed something strange when it was moved to the new partition) login: pam_unix(login:session): session opened for user root by LOGIN(uid=0) login: ROOT LOG........
  • openvz yum problem Centos 6.5 cannot find file on mirror:


    #solution Edit /etc/yum.repos.d/openvz.repo For the first two entries comment out #mirrorlist and uncomment #baseurl and then it worked openvz yum problem Centos 6.5 cannot find file on mirror: yum update Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Determining fastest mirrors  * openvz-kernel-rhel6: mirrors.ustc.edu.cn  * openvz-utils: mirrors.ustc.edu.cn base      ........
  • ONVIF Linux Security Camera Setup


    First of all this seems to apply to many ONVIF devices Hard coded IP: 192.168.1.10 (yes not kidding no DHCP!) 00:12:12:9C:C2:00 To view RTSP stream use VLC, or openRTSP or other RTSP capable software: rtsp://192.168.1.10/user=admin_password=tlJwpbo6_channel=1_stream=0.sdp user: admin password: blank http://ip/Login.htm Uses Quicktime and is a poor quality picture and slow Cannot change pass........
  • Installing zoneminder on Ubuntu/Debian Linux Howto


    sudo apt-get install zoneminder [sudo] password for one: Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree       Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:   libuser-perl python-evince kdebase-apps kwrite unixodbc   libgnomeprint2.2-data python-soappy vgabios python-metacity hddtemp   python-mediaprof........
  • status: { DRDY ERR } error: { ICRC ABRT } failed command: WRITE FPDMA QUEUED MCP55 Linux Errors


    [ 2868.041375] ata1: EH in SWNCQ mode,QC:qc_active 0x40 sactive 0x40 [ 2868.041554] ata1: SWNCQ:qc_active 0x40 defer_bits 0x0 last_issue_tag 0x6 [ 2868.041556]   dhfis 0x40 dmafis 0x40 sdbfis 0x20 [ 2868.041874] ata1: ATA_REG 0x41 ERR_REG 0x84 [ 2868.042013] ata1: tag : dhfis dmafis sdbfis sactive [ 2868.042163] ata1: tag 0x6: 1 1 0 1  [ 2868.042301] ata1.00: exception Emask 0x1 SAct 0x40 SErr 0x400000 action 0x6 frozen [........
  • bash script get directory location and path of script howto tutorial


    So the situaton is this, you depend on things being relevant to where your bash script is and to be safe you want it to be dynamic (eg. do not hard code that we switch to /abc/dir but rather detect where script.sh is located). scriptlocation="$( cd "$( dirname "${BASH_SOURCE[0]}" )" && pwd )" The path is then contained the the variable "scriptlocation" so you can cd to it in your script etc............
  • initial Main Mode message received on 192.168.5.94:500 but no connection has been authorized with policy=PSK


    If you are getting this error from Pluto/IPSEC it is almost always due to a routing or NAT issue.........
  • Centos/obfsproxy errors


    I never did get it working, it is too bad as obfsproxy should really be an option and integrated into the OpenVPN client and server or something similar:   yum -y install python-pip python-devel No package python-pip available. #install the EPEL repo python-pip install obfsproxy python-pip install obfsproxy -bash: python-pip: command not found pip install obfsproxy    &........
  • OpenVZ Install Guide Again / Quick Setup


    yum -y install wget wget -P /etc/yum.repos.d/ http://ftp.openvz.org/openvz.repo rpm --import http://ftp.openvz.org/RPM-GPG-Key-OpenVZ yum -y install vzkernel vzctl #enable ip_forward sed -i s/'net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0'/'net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1'/g /etc/sysctl.conf #all interfaces should not send redirects echo "net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf echo "net.ipv4.co........
  • iptables port forwarding multiple ports to another IP


    iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp -m multiport --dports 80,443,2068,8192 -j DNAT --to-destination 192.168.1.175 Just adjust the "--dports" to the ports you need and the --to-destination to the destination IP (note it must be on the same network as the server running iptables........
  • tar list files


    tar -ztvf flashrom.tar.gz the "z" is for gzip, if it is not gzip remove the z.  If it is bzip then use "j" instead of "z" etc..........
  • bash check size of file using stat


    stat -c %s testfile.zip 10000000 The output is shown above in bytes.  ........
  • Linux CLI command to rip audio CD and encode convert to MP3s


    This command rips the audio tracks to .wav files *I recommend making a new directory with the name of the audio disc first and executing everything from within that directory below. cdparanoia -B Use the lame mp3 encoder to encode each one with this script: *Note that this will encode any other files ending in "cdda.wav" for track in `ls *cdda.wav`; do lame -b 192 $track; done........
  • bash script check if file exists


    It is very simple and like this to test for the existence of file using bash scripting: if [ -f /etc/somefile ]; then echo "yes it exists" fi........
  • cPanel how to force reinstall rpms and fix packages and other problems caused by updates or duplicate rpms


    <p>If a service is not working and resetting it to defaults is not working and you get bizarre error messages it is probably a broken update and possibly duplicate package.</p> <p>Take in this case &quot;exim&quot; not working even after resetting to defaults.</p> <p><strong>Check for duplicates:</strong><code><br /> </code></p> <p><code>rpm -aq|grep exim<br /> </code></p> <p><c........
  • Dell CS24SC Server Info


    Dell CS24SC Info 0000:00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev 90) 0000:00:02.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 2-3 (rev 90) 0000:00:03.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 3 (rev 90) 0000:00:04.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x16 Port 4-7 (rev 90) 0000:00:05.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 5 (rev 90)........
  • Dell CS10-F1D Server Info lspci Linux specs


    0000:00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000P Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev b1) 0000:00:02.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 2-3 (rev b1) 0000:00:03.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 3 (rev b1) 0000:00:04.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 4-5 (rev b1) 0000:00:05.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x4........
  • Linux disable firmware prevents NIC/Ethernet from working phy0 -> rt2x00lib_request_firmware: Error - Failed to request Firmware.


    [   17.208336] tg3 0000:08:00.0: eth0: Link is up at 1000 Mbps, full duplex [   17.210194] tg3 0000:08:00.0: eth0: Flow control is on for TX and on for RX [   76.000065] phy0 -> rt2x00lib_request_firmware: Error - Failed to request Firmware. [   76.002332] ADDRCONF(NETDEV_CHANGE): eth0: link becomes ready [   86.736004] eth0: no IPv6 routers present [  148.960038] phy0 -> rt2x00lib_request_fi........
  • VPN Account Buyers Guide and General Info


    What does VPN stand for? VPN stands for Virtual Private Network and is a secure way of connecting networks and devices. In the context we're talking about it will usually be a client-server solution and not connecting whole networks or businesses. The assumption is that most people reading this are trying to secure their internet connection, privacy and hide or change their IP address. Why use a VPN? There are many........
  • Linux bash how to list files of a certain date with the statu command for scripting


    The command below will show only files created for the month of 2014-12 but you can of course change the year, month or even specific day or time to suit your needs.   The awk command simply just makes it output the list of files created on the date you are looking for. stat -c "%z %n" *|grep ^"2014-12"|awk '{print $4}'........
  • cPanel How to set SSL and Dedicated IP in cPanel


    Account Functions -> Change Site's IP Address Choose the domain and then click "Change" Choose the new IP 1.) Setup SSL Certificate in cPanel Click on "SSL/TLS Manager" under the "Security" section. 2.) Under " Private Keys (KEY)" Click "Generate, view, upload, or delete your private keys." Choose "Key Size: 4096........
  • OpenVZ vzctl update changes how iptables work - iptables v1.3.5: can't initialize iptables table `nat': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?) Perhaps iptables or your kernel needs to be upgraded. updated solution


    Are you getting the same old error message even though your iptables settings for OpenVZ are correct? iptables v1.3.5: can't initialize iptables table `nat': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?) Perhaps iptables or your kernel needs to be upgraded. The reason is because in newer vzctl  the old way of setting IPTABLES="" in vz.conf is completely deprecated (I spent some time fiddling wondering why my settings were correct but........
  • Wordpress Plugin manual install how-to


    This is the most secure way since we don't know if using the built-in ftp method of Wordpress is secure (that is do they store, record or transmit the ftp login information to a third party like the NSA?). Upload or wget the plugin and then unzip it from the Wordpress website tot he following path of your wordpress: /yourwordpressinstall/wp-content/plugins Then navigate to the "Plugins" section on the left side o........
  • esniper and curl errors https://signin.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?SignIn: Couldn't connect to server: couldn't connect to host


    I kept thinking it was esniper but somehow my bash settings have a preset proxy that was creating the issue. https://signin.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?SignIn: Couldn't connect to server: couldn't connect to host curl manually to any URL is the same: curl: (7) couldn't connect to host Run curl with -vvvvvv mode to see the issue: curl -vvvvvvvvvv http://realtechtalk.com * About to c........
  • Centos automatic ifcfg-eth0 scripts based on list of IPs from bash


    <p>It's a basic script that reads the file &quot;ips.txt&quot; in the current directory and then creates a corresponding ifcfg file</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><code>#!/bin/bash<br /> GATEWAY=192.168.1.1</code></p> <p><code>NETMASK=255.255.255.0</code></p> <p>device=eth0</p> <p><code><br /> counter=0<br /> for ips in `cat ips.txt`; do<br........
  • Vbox/Virtualbox devices grayed out for non-root user solution


    <p>It is a permissions issue that is hard to fix.</p> <p><strong>All but one USB device is greyed out.</strong></p> <p>I am already a member of &quot;vboxusers&quot;</p> <ul> <li>I have already enabled and disabled USB support for the guest.</li> <li>I have already reinstalled the latest VBOx guest editions</li> <li>If running as root it all works fine</li> <li>Changing........
  • Samsung Printer Password Login to change settings CLP


    First of all to find your IP you can hold the "X" button for a few seconds and it will print out the DHCP IP. Another way to find the IP that I prefer is to login to your router or switch and find a hostname that says something like "SEC001599CD2948" which will be your Samsung printer (at least for the C3xx or C4xx series of Samsung printers). The login and password for Samsung Syncthru Webservice:........
  • /usr/libexec/mysqld: The table 'session' is full solution


    First of all if you're getting this error it is a result of extreme database activity.  If you aren't expecting it or it doesn't make sense to you 99% of the time this is a database driven script being exploited (some common examples I see often are things like phpBB being hit by dozens, hundreds or thousands of bots making constant DB write requests).  The easiest way to identify this is to restart MySQL and then run the third party tool "mtop" and you'll see all........
  • Openvz iptables v1.4.7: can't initialize iptables table `nat': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?) Perhaps iptables or your kernel needs to be upgraded. solution


    iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp -m tcp -d 192.168.2.1/32 --dport 3389 -j DNAT --to-destination 192.168.5.2:3389 iptables v1.4.7: can't initialize iptables table `nat': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?) Perhaps iptables or your kernel needs to be upgraded. The above is often because you don't have the correct modules loaded on the hostnode or enabled for the container but in some cases it's actually a weird openvz setting. Che........
  • Postfix how to secure outgoing authenticated e-mails for privacy and hide the IP address, mailer and other things


    The most common solution is to use the /etc/postfix/header_checks but this is a big problem. Why is header_checks a problem?  Because it does it to all mail whether incoming or outgoing and whether authenticated or not.  We of course want as much header information for incoming as we can get for many reasons but many organizations want to secure and make their mail clients as secure as possible. I adapted this solution to the client's custom config, they are configur........
  • Samsung Galaxy Note Upgrade/Update Experience from 4.0.4 with aftermarket ROMs


    It really seems that 4.4.4 is not ready or stable for the i717 yet and this makes sense since it takes a lot of work/development and testing to get the factory stock ROMs working well.  In the end I used the 4.1.2 based Blackstra BlackJelly because it was fast, stable and just works and feels great.  The aftermarket support is great but many devs are focussed on adding features and customization that most of us don't want or need rather than getting things smooth and stable.........
  • Cannot mount iPhone or iPad in Linux


    Unable to mount iPad 4 Unhandled Lockdown error (-4) This is because you need the libimobiledevice-utils package installed and a newer version of it. My older Ubuntu 10.10 uses a version that does not have "idevicepair" which seems to work perfectly and automatically with newer versions of the library. Basically if you install the above library it should be plug and play and if your imobiledevice-utils doesn't have 'idevice........
  • PayPal subscriptions automatically cancelling after creation of profile


    <p>There is a weird quirk with how this works, but there is a variable called &quot;src&quot; that defaults to 0 or disabled if not specified as 1.</p> <p>The default 0 means not to recur billing on a subscription.&nbsp; It's too bad it's not more obvious anywhere nor is there an explanation or warning during payment or after to both the seller and buyer.</p> <p><strong>Here's a proper subscription code example that does recur and does not cancel........
  • 2CO/2Checkout Howto Enable IPN/Notification Setup & Script Info


    https://www.2checkout.com/documentation/notifications/order-created It shows all the parameters that get passed so you can make a simple script to process it. To enable 2CO Notifications you need to do the following: Login Browse to the top right to an icon that looks like a "circle with horizontal lines inside" - Notifications. Enter the appropriate URL for your IPN/Notification processing script (........
  • 2CO/2Checkout how to create recurring payment subscription button dynamically


    It was hard to find this as I find most online payment processors don't just put the basic information in plain view. Remember to set your sid (your seller id).  The below can easily be turned into a scripted PHP template to integrate into your own custom or existing payment solution. http://help.2checkout.com/articles/How_to/How-to-Sell-Recurring-Products-with-2Checkout/........
  • CPanel Link to all of the command line options


    <p>CPanel says you can access 98% of the functions through CLI which experienced Unix/Linux admins prefer for simplicity and for scripting.&nbsp; I've never found CPanel easy to use from the admin panel, it seems everything is hard to find and a simple task becomes a series of hunts.</p> <p>So for people like me here's the list: <a href="http://cpanel.net/system-administrators/command-line-scripts/">http://cpanel.net/system-administrators/command-line-scrip........
  • Sipura/Linksys VOIP Adapter How to Check your IP Address


    Dial * * * * Then 110# It will then say what your current IP address is.........
  • iptables how to forward port to another IP address with DNAT


    -A PREROUTING -d 98.98.98.5/32 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 1050 -j DNAT --to-destination 192.168.1.50:3389 The above forwards port 1050 on IP 98.98.98.5 to 192.168.1.50 port 3389 (you can obviously edit things to meet your needs).........
  • drbd won't create device if previous partition is on it Command 'drbdmeta 0 v08 /dev/md160 internal create-md' terminated with exit code 40


    This is what fixed it: [root@box13 ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/md160 bs=512 count=500 Basically you need to wipe out more than just the 512 byte partition table so 512 bytes * 500 is more than enough to make DRBD happy and think the partition is now empty. The reason this happens is because it gets confused when there is a previous partition with data on the device you are using.   root@box13 ~]# d........
  • heatbeat ERROR: NV failure (msgfromsteam): [>>> ] ha_msg_add_nv_depth: line doesn't contain '='


    Apr 17 11:55:47 Cluster01 heartbeat: [1426]: WARN: ha_msg_add_nv_depth: line doesn't contain '=' Apr 17 11:55:47 Cluster01 heartbeat: [1426]: info: >>> Apr 17 11:55:47 Cluster01 heartbeat: [1426]: ERROR: NV failure (msgfromsteam): [>>> ] I have never been able to reproduce the above but it happened on heartbeat-3.04-2 when I took a node down for testing. One thing I believe caused it was by configuring ha.cf........
  • drbd won't sync 8.3.13 on OpenVZ kernel


    <p>I used the matching 8.3.13 utilities and it didn't work but strangely the newer 8.3.16 which makes DRBD complain works just fine.</p> <p>GIT-hash: 83ca112086600faacab2f157bc5a9324f7bd7f77 build by root@sighted, 2012-10-09 12:47:51<br /> &nbsp;0: cs:SyncSource ro:Secondary/Primary ds:UpToDate/Inconsistent A r-----<br /> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ns:0 nr:0 dw:0 dr:0 al:0 bm:0 lo:0 pe:0 ua:0 ap:0 ep:1 wo:b oos:5236960<br /> &nbsp;&nbsp;&am........
  • heartbeat ERROR: make_io_childpair: cannot open ucast br0


    ERROR: make_io_childpair: cannot open ucast br0 You cannot specify ucast br0 without an IP address associated with it.........
  • OpenVZ avoid vzctl 4.7 and ploop


    <p>OpenVZ has made vzctl version 4.7 default to using ploop which is a big annoyance.&nbsp; No one wants it otherwise we'd use Xen or KVM.</p> <p>Make sure to manually specify vzctl 4.6.1 or you will have issues with old scripts breaking since it defaults to using ploop (a single image like Xen/KVM).</p> <p><a href="https://openvz.org/Download/vzctl/Archives">Here's a list to old versions of vzctl.</a></p>........
  • Wordpress Security Hole, Plug it by manually installing themes and plugins


    It's always bothered me how Wordpress basically forces the user to provide their hosting credentials to install themes and plugins.  How do know for sure the data is not being saved, intercepted and being provided backdoor access to the NSA or other agencies or even just being misused by others with access? Here's how to close the security hole above and if you're already given Wordpress your credentials make sure you change everything associated it with it.  Eg. change your........
  • Asterisk VOIP Sipura/Linksys PAP2T Calls Not Being Received Solution


    This problem seemed to happen recently but was likely causing issues before where the phone(s) do not ring. Now there are a few reasons why this can happen especially if your adapter has DND mode enabled (disable it). However that wasn't my issue and I only figured it out the other day  when  by fluke if you're on the phone (making a call) then  calls will come in. That's when I figured out the solution: This likely app........
  • OpenVZ mismatched kernel and dev when compiling.


    ./configure ./configure: line 91: cd: /lib/modules/2.6.32-042stab084.25/build: No such file or directory Error: kernel version not found. Please make sure your kernel is configured. dr-xr-xr-x.  4 root root   4096 Feb 21 06:13 .. lrwxrwxrwx   1 root root     45 Feb 21 06:13 build -> ../../../usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-042stab084.25 drwxr-xr-x   2 root root   4096 Feb 12 20........
  • Enable Multiple RDP Sessions on Windows XP, Vista, 7 Howto


    http://deepxw.blogspot.ca/search/label/Universal%20Termsrv.dll%20Patch The above site has the patch that does this essentialy turning a Desktop Windows into a full fledged RDP server.........
  • OpenVZ Quick Install Copy & Paste for Centos 6


    yum -y install wget wget -P /etc/yum.repos.d/ http://ftp.openvz.org/openvz.repo rpm --import http://ftp.openvz.org/RPM-GPG-Key-OpenVZ yum -y install vzkernel vzctl After that just reboot and you may also have to enable ip_forward in /etc/sysctl.conf........
  • CPanel Apache httpd won't start solution: Starting httpd: Syntax error on line 2 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Invalid command 'Alias', perhaps misspelled or defined by a module not included in the server configuration


    root@hkhosting [/]# service httpd start Starting httpd: Syntax error on line 2 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Invalid command 'Alias', perhaps misspelled or defined by a module not included in the server configuration                                           ........
  • Centos Howto Upgrade to PHP 5.3 from 5.2


    It's not as simple as "yum install" as you can see below and it doesn't stop there.  yum install php53 Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile  * rpmforge: mirror.us.leaseweb.net  * extras: centos.mirror.rafal.ca  * updates: centos.mirror.nexicom.net  * base: centos.mirror.nexicom.net  * addons: centos.mirror.nexicom.net Setting up Install Process........
  • cPanel VPS Server Cannot Login as root


    I was worried the server was hacked, I was logged in already as root but couldn't login to CPanel or a new SSH session.  I even reset the password from the shell and it did not work still. The reason is CPanel Hulk, it detected a brute-force attack so it locked down the root account entirely even from the correct password.  According to cPanel the best way around this is to whitelist your IP.........
  • SSH HowTo Create Port Forwards


    ssh -L 5905:localhost:5900 root@yourserver.com The "-L" means to create a port forward to a port on your server. The 5905 means the port on your computer that will be used to access the port 5900 on the remote server. localhost is the IP that you use to access the port forward (you can change it to 0.0.0.0 which will be all IPs on your system/computer but localhost is good for security and privacy unless a whole network of people need access).........
  • /usr/local/cpanel/bin/apache_conf_distiller 100% cpu


    On some CPanel installs we see complaints of "/usr/local/cpanel/bin/apache_conf_distiller" causing 100% cpu usage without any solution. Killing the process causes it to spawn again, actually it seems it tends to spawn multiple processes itself. Restarting CPanel itself is a temporary but not permanent solution.........
  • [emerg] (28)No space left on device: Couldn't create accept lock (/etc/httpd/logs/accept.lock.15449) (5) solution


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  • What a hdd hard drive and mdadm RAID array failure looks like in Linux


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  • Samsung Galaxy Note Ubuntu Linux USB Connection Error


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  • ip_conntrack: table full, dropping packet. solution for Linux RHEL/Centos/Debian


    ip_conntrack: table full, dropping packet. A lot of clients I've seen have this issue, it really seems the default level is way too small.  Once this connection tracking table becomes full then packets get dropped which is obviously a bad thing. One thing to be mindful of though is that 350 bytes of memory are used per entry so there is some justification for not keeping it too high.  However, if you have multiple servers running or high traffic daemons........
  • Linux/Centos how to block SSH bruteforce/dictionary attacks automatically with denyhosts


    A lot of people become nervous (and understandably so) when checking their auth or security logs, in Centos /var/log/secure and see dozens, hundreds of even thousands of attempted logins to various services, especially SSH. Of course you could manually block these people/IPs but no one has time to read the logs like that, what if some program or script could do it for you? This is what denyhosts does for you, it checks the logs and based on a certain number of failed SSH attem........
  • ntpd[7047]: can't open /var/lib/ntp/drift.TEMP: Permission denied solution


    ntpd[7047]: can't open /var/lib/ntp/drift.TEMP: Permission denied chown ntp.ntp /var/lib/ntp/ The solution is shown above and changes the ownership to ntp.ntp which is what the ntpd daemon/server is running as.  This is based on Centos but the same idea will apply on any other OS.  You can do a "ps aux|grep ntpd" to see what it is running as in the case it's running as a different user. After that this annoying message wil........
  • Joomla Error - JFolder::create: Could not create directory


    JFolder::create: Could not create directory Plugin Install: Failed to create directory:   This can occur when trying to upload content or when installing themes/templates. It's usually not a permissions issue per say but doing a 777 (which is very insecure) will fix it.  But the real problem solution is that the owner of the files is different than the owner of the Apache process/server. Eg. if your Apache is running as user "apache........
  • mdadm how to add a device to an array after a failure


    This array is a RAID 1 and in this case 1 of the 2 drives failed (a WD drive and I've found them to be the weakest and most unreliable of any brand and are easily damaged/DOA when shipping them). mdadm --manage /dev/md0 --add /dev/sdb1 The above assumes the array you want to add to is /dev/md0 and the device we are adding is /dev/sdb1 *One thing to remember is to make sure the partition you are adding is the correct size for the array.  You can also g........
  • bash script remove non-printable special characters/white space


    In bash you test like this for problems that can be caused by non-printable characters since if you don't know how to identify it because it basically breaks your script. echo "url=$url" should print something like this normally if you have properly formatted input/text: url=::http://someaddress.com:: But if you have some weird hidden characters (not visible in a text editor of any sort you'll get something like this ::l=::http://s........
  • Asterisk - Peer is not supposed to register


    NOTICE[5628] chan_sip.c: Registration from 'user <sip:3813@192.168.5.12>' failed for '192.168.5.25' - Peer is not supposed to register You have to setup as a "friend" and not "peer". Set: type=friend........
  • iptables v1.3.5: can't initialize iptables table `nat': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?) - OpenVZ Container Problem iptables module problem solution


    iptables v1.3.5: can't initialize iptables table `nat': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?) This solution applies to all other iptables modules/problems for OpenVZ, you'll just need to add them to both lists/lines below if you have modules other than what I have below. The modules need to be enabled in both iptables and the OpenVZ hostnode itself and then the containers which need it must be restarted. How To Enable IPTables Modules in OpenVZ........
  • HowTo Migrate and Import iPhone/Outlook Contacts into Android without using GMail using .vcf files


    I searched for days after getting my Galaxy Note and couldn't find a way to do this (at least not without buying programs for either Android/Windows). All I read was ways to sync and import the contacts to GMail but I don't want to use GMail for privacy reasons.  GMail/Google steal all of your personal information and use it for whatever purposes they want to and may sell or release it to who knows where (I don't care what their policy says but this stuff happens), just like the default........
  • Directadmin Enable SSL


    It's really silly how DA doesn't enable SSL by default but is otherwise a stable, fast and secure control panel. Here's a copy and paste way of enabling SSL for Directadmin in just a few seconds: *setup SSL openssl req -x509 -newkey rsa:1024 -keyout /usr/local/directadmin/conf/cakey.pem -out /usr/local/directadmin/conf/cacert.pem -days 9999 -nodes That creates the public certificate and private key pair in the location Directadmin expects to fi........
  • Directadmin Install Segfault Error


    ************************************* *                                   * *   All parts have been installed   * *                        ........
  • How To Install CPanel


    wget -N http://httpupdate.cpanel.net/latest;sh latest That one command above will do it all (and it takes a long time to install/compile).  After that you can access CPanel with your root login information by visiting https://yourdomain-or-ip.com:2087 I personally don't like CPanel (bloated, full of bugs, no shared SSL, difficult to use etc..) but I admit it's easier to install than........
  • LOG: MAIN PANIC failed to expand condition "${if eq {$authenticated_id}{}{0}{${if eq {$sender_address}{$local_part@$domain}{0}{${if match{$received_protocol}{N^e?smtps?a$N}{${perl{checkbx_autowhitelist}{$authenticated_id}}}{${if eq{$received_prot


    I experienced this with CPanel's Exim after an auto-update (a Google of this error produces lots of complaints with few clear solutions).  In this case I'll put the solution at the top. Run /scripts/buildeximconf to rebuild the Exim config and it should be fine after that.   mail -vs "from test" user@dest.com < .bash_history LOG: MAIN   cwd=/root 4 args: send-mail -i -v user@dest.com LOG: MAIN   &........
  • The Importance of a High Quality Power Supply/Power Supplies To Prevent Overheating/System Crash/Hardware Damage


    For years I've always built cheap systems believing that there is little difference in more expensive components when it comes to reliability and quality, I generally believe this still except for Power Supplies. I've always bought cheap cases with nice sounding 350-550W stock/cheap/crap power supplies and haven't had any issues for the most part until recently. One such case is an NGEAR case with a 550W Optimax power supply, I always read that these supplies don't produce the........
  • Xen non-HVM container won't work/boot anymore


    One of my test Centos 5 containers was on a partition that filled up and it threw all sorts of errors and stopped responding but now I can't boot it again anymore. All the console shows is the Linux Penguin on the top left corner and the xm console says "usbcore: registered new driver hub" and has halted there. Centos 5 Xen container stuck/frozen won't boot on "usbcore: registered new driver hub" Another great way of troubleshooting is booting fro........
  • Ubuntu 10 Nvidia Drivers Not Updated After Kernel Update Solution/How-To Manually Rebuild nvidia kernel modules for Ubuntu


    I dread updating the kernel and rebooting to find the Ubuntu graphics aren't working and you have to manually intervene.   This is usually because Ubuntu for whatever reason didn't update the drivers you need (eg. the manually compiled Nvidia Kernel driver that MUST be recompiled for each and every kernel update unfortunately). The most common reason may be that "linux-source" hasn't been installed automatically on my system.  I tried to manually reinstall the........
  • iptables block torrents/torrenting


    This is a very basic method and won't work in all cases but will reduce the chance of torrenting/abuse by your server users. iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --destination-port 6881:6999 -j REJECT iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp --source-port 6881:6999 -j REJECT........
  • OpenVPN don't use bridgestart.sh or bridge at all use iptables


    I used the suggested script to bridge from OpenVPN and it took my client's server off-line!  Don't ever use their "sample" scripts if you don't have another way of accessing the server than SSH. I actually found it easier to use iptables to tell it to route IPs based on a certain subnet to route through eth0: iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 192.168.200.0/24 -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE Replace "192.168.200.0/24" with your subnet of cour........
  • postfix lopback error solution


    This is the mail system at host mail.postmail.com. I'm sorry to have to inform you that your message could not be delivered to one or more recipients. It's attached below. For further assistance, please send mail to <postmaster> If you do so, please include this problem report. You can delete your own text from the attached returned message.             &........
  • How To Burn ISO Image using cdrtools/dvdrtools for Linux/Unix Ubuntu/Debian/RHEL/Centos etc..


    It really is as simple as: cdrecord -v dev=/dev/sr0 pathtoyourisoimage.iso -v is for verbose, I prefer it but if you don't you won't see as much output like below (I like to know the details and exactly what's happening) dev=/dev/sr0 specifies the device name of your burner (they say not to use it and to specify some weird annoying device string but using the raw /dev has always worked for me and is how it should have been implemented from the start IMHO)........
  • iPhone Restore/Backup Location of Notes and Contact/Address Book


    *Make sure that the ownership is 501.501 or mobile.mobile when copying back (especially if using ssh or sftp as root on the iPhone) otherwise things will break.  Eg. the contacts will be blank even after trying to update due to incorrect ownership/permissions. iPhone Notes Location/Restore: /private/var/mobile/Library/AddressBook AddressBookImages.sqlitedb  AddressBook.sqlitedb Once you restore the contacts and restar........
  • gocr - free Linux OCR (Optical Character Recognition) conversion tool


    gocr works great and it's simple, just invoke it like so: gocr filename.png The output will be printed to the screen. My only complaint/concern is that even with standard terminal output (not scanned) from a printscreen, gocr does make mistakes by inserting extra spaces where they don't belong, mistaking letters for numbers etc.. but it's definitely enough to be readable and figure out what you're looking at. I haven't tested yet with scanned input........
  • Linux Kernel Panic Messages - Symptoms of bad RAM module/stick


    These were caused by a bad stick of Corsair RAM [<c0466769>] free_hot_cold_page+0xfc/0x150 [<c04667d1>] __pagevec_free+0x14/0x1a [<c0468c6b>] release_pages+0x127/0x12f [<c04692d1>] __pagevec_release+0x15/0x1d [<c04697db>] __invalid_mapping_pages+0x120/0x156 [<c046981........
  • Hitachi HDD/Drive RMA Process Experience


    The first Hitachi Deskstar 2TB 5K3000 drive I bought arrived DOA for whatever reason (not recognized by the BIOS or OS).  Perhaps it was shipping since I bought only 1 hard drive.  When I bought 4 through another Vendor, all 4 checked out fine. I was worried about the RMA process because a lot of people have complained about Hitachi taking weeks to send out their hard drive and almost implied the warranty is useless. I'm happy to report that my experience was great a........
  • convert carat ^M/M Windows based text files to Linux


    carat M isn't this symbol ^ that you think, it can only be produced by typing "Ctrl-v, Ctrl-m". That you might see in text files saved from Windows. tofrodos is the package that has dos2unix which is basically the same scripts that replace ^M with /n tofrodos is the Debian/Buntu package name which has the dos2unix and unix2dos binaries........
  • vino crashed/stopped working, restart vino manually without rebooting


    The normal solution would be as follows: export DISPLAY=:0.0 /usr/lib/vino/vino-server & But what happens if that doesn't work?  I haven't been able to find much documentation about how to find the list of displays and how their numbering works in Xorg. Sometimes you'll get this error when trying to restart vino: Cannot open display: For some reason my display is not on 0.0........
  • wget download all files on page/directory automatically recursively


    Have you ever found a website/page that has several or perhaps dozens, hundreds or thousands of files that you need downloaded but don't have the time to manually do it? wget's recursive function called with -r does that, but also with some quirks to be warned about. If you're doing it from a standard web based directory structure, you will notice there is still a link to .. and wget will follow that. Eg. let's say you have files in http://serverip/documen........
  • rpmforge: [#### ] 471/10722Segmentation fault yum[18934]: segfault at 0000000000000000 rip 00002ade62153a30 rsp 00007fff76f9fe58 error 4


    A few days ago this happened on multiple Centos 5 servers and apparently anyone using rpmforge was affected by this error and there was no solution other than disabling that repo to fix it. To some this highlighted a few points, that there is a reason RHEL exists with full paid support, and also that this could be a vulnerability and huge flaw with yum.  A yum search or install should not segfault just because the rpmforge repo goes down. Fortunately it came back up........
  • Openvz Container IP not working suddenly Solution


    This may not apply to everyone but here is what happened to me. One day my IP connectivity for one container went dead, I could ping the hostnode from it and the hostnode could ping it but there was no external routing.  I restarted the network service but it didn't help. I checked the routing table inside the VPS and the host and everything looked normal.  I added another different IP on the same subnet to the container and it worked.  Right away I st........
  • How to view UDP and other protocol connections?


    netstat is weak and can't show udp connections and most other protocols, use "ss" which is what netstat should have been: The "-u" switch stands for udp, here's a list of other options: Usage: ss [ OPTIONS ]        ss [ OPTIONS ] [ FILTER ]    -h, --help        this message    -V, --version    output ver........
  • Linux Out of Memory OOM Object Killer Solution "Out of memory: kill process 1955 (sshd) score 81 or a child"


    I had a system running a 128MB live CD image with 2.8 gigs of available RAM and the OOM kernel killer went crazy when using dd for more than 8 minutes and kept killing everything.  I've read that this is due to a low-memory issue and paging in the kernel and 32-bit systems with lots of RAM. I even enabled swapspace on my LiveCD and the issue happened 25 minutes into dd rather than 8 minutes, so what gives? Also no swap space was ever used! cat /proc/s........
  • How To Test If Your Hard Drive Is Good/Signs of dying hard drive


    I like dd, although it only reads it, usually a read test of the entire disk will uncover if your hard drive is bad in some parts.  This is a good thing to do at least once a month, a lot of times bizarre program behavior, laginess and crashing/unnmounting problems etc.. are due to a failing disc and SMART won't know it or indicate a problem: We must also remember there's never a guarantee, I've found that ever since we moved to larger and more platters per drive with 1TB drives........
  • Openvz YUM Error Solution to "[Errno -1] Metadata file does not match checksum Trying other mirror."


    It's weird because I have a nearly identical box and setup and I can update the ovzkernel-PAE* just fine but on this box it doesn't work. I only get this error with the openvz.repo and not others such as Centos-Base.repo With my other server it works normally: ================ Setting up Update Process Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package ovzkernel-PAE.i686 0:2.6.18-238.12.1.el5.0........
  • Purolator Tracking "PLEASE CALL 1 888 SHIP-123 OR 1-888-744-7123 FOR INFORMATION ON THIS SHIPMENT."


    TRACKING DETAILS PIN     xxxxxxxxxxx Status     PLEASE CALL 1 888 SHIP-123 OR 1-888-744-7123 FOR INFORMATION ON THIS SHIPMENT. I know this is not really tech related but I order a lot of hardware on-line these days and once I had a delivery by Purolator. I didn't get anyone on the phone at Purolator after a few minutes so I gave up, but it turns out that the person on the phone or the system will tell you to........
  • Hitachi 2TB HDS5C3020ALA632 drive DOA


    I had one of these shipped and it was not recognized when plugged in, here's what a dead drive looks like (I assume it's teh circuit board which is dead):   ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0) ata1: softreset failed (device not ready) ata1: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300) ata1: link online but device misclassified, retrying ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0) ata1: softreset f........
  • Kernel/make compilation time and how to improve compile times/compile the Linux kernel faster without hardware upgrades


    I thought only a faster CPU and SSD would help but I already have a Quad-Core CPU and it wasn't being maxed out.  The actual tests were performed on an AMD-V enabled 128MB dual core VMWare container though. There is a flag that can be passed to make in order to start multiple threads, by specifying 4 threads I was able to reduce the whole kernel compilation time from scratch by about 50%! (65minutes vs 31minutes!).  *Yes I did do a make clean before each co........
  • List of Free Public DNS Servers IP Addresses


    One thing to note about DNS servers and providers is that they aren't always trustworthy, not even if they're Google or your favorite ISP.  Any DNS server can compromise your privacy, and they are likely tracking your browsing habits and keeping logs of it.  Sometimes it's for Marketing/Research purposes such as Google's GMail service which they admit is scraped/datamined.  I would expect nothing less from their DNS service. The other danger with such widely used and pu........
  • Directadmin Solution "This is e-mail notification to warn you that your hostname is setup improperly on your system."


    This is e-mail notification to warn you that your hostname is setup improperly on your system. This is an annoying message and bug with Directadmin, my hostname is set correctly, why does it complain? To get of this message just run this command: /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/hostname.sh yourhostname.com........
  • SPAMASSASSIN/spamcd solution - spamc[16225]: connect to spamd on 127.0.0.1 failed, retrying (#2 of 3): Connection timed out


    May  6 08:16:57 devbox spamc[16225]: connect to spamd on 127.0.0.1 failed, retrying (#2 of 3): Connection timed out May  6 08:17:02 devbox spamc[20214]: connect to spamd on 127.0.0.1 failed, retrying (#1 of 3): Connection timed out spamc[16225]: connect to spamd on 127.0.0.1 failed, retrying (#3 of 3): Connection timed out First make sure that the spamd service is actually running, this is your spamd (spamassassin server) cannot be reached.  In my c........
  • Apache High CPU Usage Enable Mod_Status Guide Solution - Find Cause of High CPU Usage Script/Domain


    mod_status is a great way to track down the source of high CPU usage and to find what vhost/script is the cause of it. It gives you a live view of bandwith usage, CPU usage, and memory usage broken down by domain/vhost and script/URI. Enable mod_status vi /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf ExtendedStatus On <Location /server-status> SetHandler server-status Order Deny,Allow Deny from all All........
  • iPhone 3G/3GS/4 Undelete Photos/Videos Datarecovery


    I found this technique listed in many places which shows you how to use a common Linux tool "dd" to dump the raw partition of your iPhone. I give credit to this site for showing me the correct way to dd from the iPhone, I never thought to try it in the other direction: http://log.ijulien.com/post/182804914/iphone-3gs-data-recovery Requirements 1.) Jailbreak your........
  • encrypt bash scripts to hide source code


    http://www.datsi.fi.upm.es/~frosal/ SHC is a program written by the author above that does just that, it's a great little tool to have. Some have said it isn't exactly encrypting the code but just making it hard to read by obfuscating the code. There was also a good discussion about that here:........
  • Are my WDEARS20 Drives dying already?


    This happened during a RAID array check: SMART says both drives pass the test, but I'm doing a long test on them and hopefully this is not a hardware error. Apr  3 04:22:01 remote kernel: md: syncing RAID array md2 Apr  3 04:22:01 remote kernel: md: minimum _guaranteed_ reconstruction speed: 1000 KB/sec/disc. Apr  3 04:22:01 remote kernel: md: using maximum available idle IO bandwidth (but not more than 200000 KB/sec) for reconstruction. Apr........
  • MYSQL Error Can't find file: './wf/Sessions.frm' (errno: 13) Solution


    mysql errors even though these files do exist: 110405 13:21:37  InnoDB: Operating system error number 13 in a file operation. InnoDB: The error means mysqld does not have the access rights to InnoDB: the directory. InnoDB: File name ./ibdata1 InnoDB: File operation call: 'open'. InnoDB: Cannot continue operation. 110405 13:26:15  InnoDB: Operating system error number 13 in a file operation. InnoDB: The error means my........
  • monit example tutorial how to enable status checking and manipulation


    You need to enable the httpd daemon with monit to actually view the status and control, it's not only for the web interface since the httpd is the ONLY way of controlling monit and viewing the status. monit monitor all will also reinstate disabled services if they've timed out too much.  Just restarting the service will do nothing to re-monitor a service that monit has stopped monitoring due to too many failures. *Also note that /etc/monit.conf i........
  • 2011 Best Laptop - HP 15.6" Laptop featuring AMD Athlon II P340 Processor (G62-420CA)


    My mother needed a new laptop and I recommended her the same one I would have bought myself or my wife, that means the cheapest possible laptop with the most features for the money. This HP shines at this price point and one thing that made me stay away from buying more and recommending HP/Compaq was the poor battery life.  Not anymore, this model has an industry leading up to 4 hours of battery life. Key Factors for Choosing It: HDMI Out........
  • Drupal 6.2 Install and how to move install to root/non-subdirectory


    drup 6.2 install $cd drupgoodinst3883/ [ drupgoodinst3883]$ ls CHANGELOG.txt  cron.php  index.php          INSTALL.pgsql.txt  INSTALL.txt  MAINTAINERS.txt  modules   robots.txt  sites   update.php   xmlrpc.php COPYRIGHT.txt  includes  INSTALL.mysql.txt  install.php        LICENSE.txt  misc  &........
  • Yahoo Mail (email) DNS Server Out Of Date Problems


    I don't expect this to be solved soon but some of Yahoo's DNS servers are out of whack.  I changed the IPs of some nameservers of some domains and now most Yahoo users can't e-mail to those domains! As you can see below by the "No MX or A records for mychangedomain.com", now Yahoo's DNS/mailserver DNS cache is wrong.  You would think they would at least have cached the old incorrect records, but instead for some reason their DNS cache has no entry and doesn't seem........
  • Linux High IOWAIT updatedb can't be killed and crash with mdadm


    high IO wait   424 root      39  19  1900  848  552 D  0.0  0.0   0:00.91 updatedb root       424  0.0  0.0   1900   848 ?        DN   Mar11   0:00 /usr/bin/updatedb -f sysfs?rootfs?bdev?proc?cpuset?binfmt_misc?debugfs?sockfs?usbfs?pipefs?anon_inodefs?futexfs?tmpfs?inotifyfs?eventp........
  • Enable SPAMASSASSIN on Postfix in 5 minutes


    Centos 5 Postfix and SPAMASSASSIN Tutorial yum install spamassassin chkconfig spamassassin on vi /etc/mail/spamassassin/local.cf ############## #required_hits 5 #report_safe 0 #rewrite_header Subject [SPAM] #5 is the least restrictive (means only the most obvious SPAM is caught. 0 is obviously the most restrictive/sensitive and would have lots of false positives require........
  • VOIP/Asterisk/FAX Error Problems Solution NOTICE[11389]: rtp.c:1808 ast_rtp_read: Unknown RTP codec 100 received from


    NOTICE[11389]: rtp.c:1808 ast_rtp_read: Unknown RTP codec 100 received from I've found that trying several times may work, but I also read changing your Sipura VOIP adapter settings as follows helps (but it still fails for me sometimes): In adapter change the following under SIP/Advanced Codec to G711a from G711u Passthru Method from: NSE to ReINVITE FAX CED Detect Enable: Yes FAX CNG Detect........
  • Postfix header_checks using regexp and multiple lines


    I'm posting this because it wasn't easy or obvious how this would be accomplished and the man page leaves it to guesswork. Multi-line body_checks Example 1 /<img src="cid:part.*"/ /height="430"/ REJECT Example 2 /<img src="cid:part.*"/ /height="430" width="430" align="center" border="0">/ REDIRECT junkbox@domain.c........
  • Convert doc images/jpg/jpeg to PDF


    Use "ImageMagick" which can be installed easily on most UNIX/Linux distros. Remember that it will go with the standard file listing to determine the order but I believe you can manually specify multiple jpg's in the arguments. Convert image/jpg to PDF convert *.jpg yourpdf.pdf This is a very handy and free tool. Convert DOC/TXT documents to PDF If you wanted to convert a .doc file or text........
  • Openvz Enable TUN/TAP OpenVPN


    Make sure the module "tun" is loaded on the host. vzctl set 2000 --devnodes net/tun:rw --save *Note what's below is what OpenVZ says you need (but I've never had to do it) vzctl exec 2000 mkdir -p /dev/net vzctl exec 2000 mknod /dev/net/tun c 10 200 vzctl exec 2000 chmod 600 /dev/net/tun On the container test the device: when Something is wrong:........
  • Amarok won't play songs, keeps skipping to the next


    Amarok won't play songs, keeps skipping to the next Some say install install phonon-backend-xine but it was already installed automatically, obviously that's not the problem or solution. Settings -> Configure Amarok Playback: Configure Phonon Audio Output: Music It should show your different audio interfaces, choose Pulse Audio and move it to the top of the list, do the Apply, OK and manually quit Amarok (remember to close it from the tra........
  • SSH Tunnel Dynamic Proxy Stops Working Right Away even with Root and High Port


    I keep getting messages like this shortly after using the proxy (it works for a few seconds/page loads and then stops): channel 12: open failed: administratively prohibited: open failed I'm not sure what the issue is unless there's some kind of hardware firewall on the other end.  I've used this exact configuration on multiple servers with no issue and even disabled iptables etc..........
  • Thunderbird/MBOX to IMAP/Maildir migration done easy with mb2md


    Convert MBOX Mail files into Maildir using Linux *You need perl an the TimeDate module Get the free Perl script mb2md from the project/author's site: wget http://batleth.sapienti-sat.org/projects/mb2md/mb2md-3.20.pl.gz gunzip mb2md-3.20.pl.gz #remember you need timedate or you'll get this error: ./mb2md-3.20.pl Can't locate........
  • sshd[9217]: Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for file /root/.ssh/authorized_keys


    sshd[9217]: Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for file /root/.ssh/authorized_keys  I made sure the entire .ssh subdir is owned by the user root (this is root's account); chown -R root.root .ssh chmod 600 .ssh/authorized_keys but it still doesn't work and gives me the same message sshd[7339]: Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for directory /root chmod 700 /root........
  • email server messsages rejected without reverse DNS DNS check failure Client host rejected: cannot find your reverse hostname Cannot resolve PTR record


    Basically you should always be 100% sure that whatever IP your mail server sends out with has reverse DNS/PTR records.  Remember that unless you own your IPs then you won't be able to set your own reverse DNS.  Even if you were to create a reverse PTR record on your DNS servers it will be ignored. Reverse DNS is queried to pre-assigned DNS servers of your ISP, so therefore you'll need to contact your ISP/Colo/Hosting provider to do a reverse DNS entry. If you don't have........
  • CPU #1 not responding - cannot use it.


    I think this will be useful to others because I have a server that kept crashing mysteriously during intense disk usage/RAID checks.  It would only crash during the weekly RAID integrity check. Then I noticed during a reboot that not all CPUs were being brought up, as a result this actually creates much higher temperatures with the output I got from sensors, just booting the system produced higher than normal temperatures. You can imagine that a full blown RAID check........
  • updatedb/mdadm caused a kernel panic?


    Jan 16 04:02:03 centosbox syslogd 1.4.1: restart. Jan 16 04:07:34 centosbox kernel: INFO: task updatedb:20771 blocked for more than 300 seconds. Jan 16 04:07:34 centosbox kernel: "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message. Jan 16 04:07:34 centosbox kernel: updatedb      D F78BE050  6476 20771  20766                &n........
  • Ubuntu 9.04 Crash


    CPU/Kernel/MB/RAID problem? Jan  5 12:45:05 testbox kernel: [653298.890004] BUG: soft lockup - CPU#0 stuck for 61s! [hal-acl-tool:4168] Jan  5 12:45:05 testbox kernel: [653298.890005] Modules linked in: vmnet vmci vmmon binfmt_misc drbd video output input_polldev ocfs2_stackglue ocfs2_dlmfs ocfs2_dlm ocfs2_nodemanager configfs k8temp hwmon_vid lp snd_hda_intel snd_pcm_oss snd_mixer_oss snd_pcm snd_seq_dummy snd_seq_oss snd_seq_midi snd_rawmidi........
  • Failed to save enabled features : The Suexec command on your system is configured to only run scripts under /var/www, but the Virtualmin base directory is /home. CGI and PHP scripts run as domain owners will not be executed.


    Apache/httpd Failed to save enabled features : The Suexec command on your system is configured to only run scripts under /var/www, but the Virtualmin base directory is /home. CGI and PHP scripts run as domain owners will not be executed. This is because I never edited the Apache Config and Virtualmin config to reflect my new/current updated structure.........
  • Plesk: Backup Domains from the CLI - it's quicker


    Plesk 8.6 CLI backup: /usr/local/psa/bin/pleskbackup domains domain.com This is a much better way of doing it and of course it can be scripted, it's a real pain to point, click and wait for Plesk to backup domains (and yes I know you could do all of them in a single client file but this is not desirable for my situation).........
  • Importing Plesk 8.6 Backup to Virtualmin: Validating migration file .. .. validation failed : XML::Simple Perl module is not installed


    Importing Plesk 8.6 Backup to Virtualmin: Validating migration file .. .. validation failed : XML::Simple Perl module is not installed Solution is to install the correct module: perl -MCPAN -e 'install XML::Simple' Migrating a single domain works just fine, but it doesn't work with a full client backup containing multiple domains.........
  • mysql backup/dump all databases with mysqldump command


    mysqldump --all-databases > allDB.sql The above dumps ALL the mysql databases to "allDB.sql". If you want to compress with gzip you could do this instead: mysqldump --all-databases > gzip > ALLDB.sql.gz........
  • Installing Webmin & Enabling SSL


    Webmin Setup Centos 5: wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/webadmin/webmin/1.530/webmin-1.530-1.noarch.rpm?r=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmin.com%2Fstandard.html&ts=1294339690&use_mirror=surfnet [1] 24229 [2] 24230 [root@host ~]# --2011-01-06 21:48:20--  http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/webadmin/webmin/1.530/webmin-1.530-1.noarch.rpm?r=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmin.com%2Fstandard.html Resolving downloads.sourceforge.net... 216.34.181.........
  • crontab/cronjob running multiple times at the wrong time


    crontab not working It is running as user Apache I've tried 0 0 * * * (which means midnight 00:00) and it does run at midnight but also 13:25 for some reason? 25 0 * * * with this it runs at 00:25 but again also at 13:25 Solution - Restart the Cron Service (especially if you changed your time/timezone) *Update I had a suspicion that changing the timezone a few weeks ago caused this.  I restarted lhe cron service and the problem h........
  • mdadm Centos 5 automatic resync


    This made me nervous but it's clearly a cronjob based on the messages log that happens every Sunday at about 4:22. I actually can't find any evidence of it in cron.d cron.daily but it is there somewhere obviously. What I don't get is why doesn't this cronjob do a datacheck like Ubuntu's cronscript does?  When you unnecessarily rebuild the array you lose your redundancy during that point which makes your data extremely vulnerable. *Update I did a grep of &q........
  • Linux Realtek Gigabit NIC huge/high latency problem after sleep?


    That is pinging to the gateway IP on the same switch, the same IP is pingable externally without any problems which makes me think the switch is fine. 64 bytes from 55.55.55.55: icmp_seq=4 ttl=255 time=1.07 ms 64 bytes from 55.55.55.55: icmp_seq=1 ttl=255 time=3536 ms 64 bytes from 55.55.55.55: icmp_seq=2 ttl=255 time=2536 ms 64 bytes from 55.55.55.55: icmp_seq=3 ttl=255 time=1536 ms 64 bytes from 55.55.55.55: icmp_seq=8 ttl=255 time=1.20 ms 64 by........
  • Walmart.ca & Ubuntu Caused Xorg 100% CPU usage


    I can't tell if it's Flash or Javascript that they were using, but it basically caused my sysetm to lockup until I closed that one page.  Is this proof enough that Wal-mart is evil? :) I've never seen that before, it's weird how certain things mask themselves as high CPU usage with Xorg, unless it is some kind of weird Xorg problem but I believe it's more of a Flash/Javascript issue from Firefox in Wal-mart's evil scripting.........
  • mdadm/md-check how to check array integrity without rebuilding


    This doesn't seem to be widely known (maybe it's in some documentation that none of us read though) but there's an easy way to check the integrity of any mdadm array: sudo echo check > /sys/block/md0/md/sync_action -bash: /sys/block/md0/md/sync_action: Permission denied sudo will never work, this only works as root since echo is not actually a binary/command.  It is built-into bash. /sys/devices/virtu........
  • md: data-check of RAID array md3


    This really made me nervous but notice the mdstat says "check".  This is because in Ubuntu there is a scheduled mdadm cronscript that runs everyday on Sunday at 00:57 that checks your entire array.  This is a good way because it prevents gradual but unnoticed data corruption which I never thought of. As long as the check completes properly you have peace of mind knowing that your data integretiy is assured and that your hard drives are functioning properly (I'........
  • How to see what's inside your gziped CPIO'd initrd image


    Copy the initrd to somewhere else, say /tmp: mv initrd.img to initrd.gz *the mv to .gz is needed otherwise gunzip won't work/it will refuse to operate without the correct .gz extension gunzip initrd.gz cat initrd | cpio -idmv The last command extracts the contents of initrd to your present working directory. For 7z .lz initrd........
  • rhythmbox & ecryptfs segfault crash


    It seems nearly anything can make rhythmbox crash, I've always found it buggy. This crash seems to be something related to ecryptfs but it's hard to say.  After re-opening rhythmbox so it sits in the Gnome panel/tray, and letting it load/find all of my songs let's it work again.  If I show it too soon (I wait 10-15 minutes for everything to scan first) then it will crash over and over. [171938.995645] ecryptfs_read_and_validate_header_region: Error........
  • rsync preserve attributes, permissions/ownership and times without being root non-root user


    One of the purposes of rsync is to backup whole filesystems and archive them but how can you do that properly and restore things to normal if all permissions and ownerships are not preserved from your root filesystem? It's not desirable to have everything running as root, especially not just for an rsync. The Easy rsync preserve permission solution for non-root users sudo is the answer and all you have to do is edit /etc/sudoers At the end o........
  • Ubuntu/Debian DRBD 8.0 Setup Guide


    I've only used it on Centos, so I thought I'd make a quick Debian guide: Install the DRBD Package apt-get install drbd8-utils Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree       Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:   libswfdec-0.8-0 Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them. The following........
  • yum in Centos 5/Xen halts and exits suddenly


    yum exits in the middle The problem is this VPS seems to be an OpenVZ template from HyperVM.  The only way to make it work was to disable i386 packages since this was an x64 kernel.  That shouldn't be necessary but it was the only way to make yum stop quitting after the first package or two.  I couldn't find any issue by checking the logs either. echo y|yum install vim-minimal telnet expect jwhois net-tools slocate iptables elinks gawk L........
  • mdadm RAID 1 adventures


    I separated the 2 drives in the RAID 1 array. 1 is the old one /dev/sda and is out of date, while the separated other one /dev/sdc was in another drive and mounted and used with more data (updated). I wonder how mdadm will handle this: usb-storage: device scan complete md: md127 stopped. md: bind<sda3> md: md127: raid array is not clean -- starting background reconstruction raid1: raid set md127 active with 1 out of 2 m........
  • Firefox plugin-container high CPU usage


    This is an easy fix and highlights a huge issue again with Linux and Flash still not playing nicely/working as well as Windows yet. Solution - Go to "about:config" and disable the two entries (set them to false):   dom.ipc.plugins.enabled.libflashplayer.so dom.ipc.plugins.enabled.libnptest.so........
  • VirtualBox some USB passthrough devices greyed/grayed out unavailable solution


    The solution is simple but it's a wonder why VBOX doesn't address it directly? Perhaps newer versions will but you have to add your user to the "vboxusers" group and then login and logout and you'll see the devices you wanted but couldn't access are now available. The weird thing is that the grayed out issue doesn't happen with all devcies but one notable thing is the Apple iPhone especially in DFU or Recovery Mode which is an big issue for some people.........
  • EOL for Kubuntu/Ubuntu 8.04 - W: Failed to fetch http://ca.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/intrepid/universe/source/Sources.gz 404 Not Found [IP: 91.189.92.171 80]


    I couldn't figure out why I couldn't install a simple package.  This is what's annoying about cutting edge Debian distros, yes we know you support each license on average for 1-2 years but why take down the supporting binary packages and basically disable the older versions? sudo apt-get install update Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree       Reading state information... Done E: Couldn't find p........
  • PHP Email Attachment Corrupt Solution


    I couldn't figure out why this wouldn't work, a test script in the root of my htdocs folder worked fine. Within some subdirectories the same code would produce different base64 results but I didn't know hwy. Archive:  /tmp/archive.zip Zip file size: 6888 bytes, number of entries: 92 error [/tmp/archive.zip]:  missing 242827681 bytes in zipfile   (attempting to process anyway) error [/tmp/archive.zip]:  attempt........
  • Nautilus/GNOME File Manager handy list of extensions


    nautilus-gksu - privilege granting extension for nautilus using gksu nautilus-sendto - integrates Evolution and Pidgin into the Nautilus file manager nautilus-share - Nautilus extension to share folder using Samba nautilus-actions - nautilus extension to configure programs to launch nautilus-bzr - Bazaar (bzr) integration for nautilus nautilus-cd-burner - CD Burning front-end for Nautilus nautilus-clamscan - Antivirus scanning for Nautilus n........
  • PHP CURL SSL won't work or connect


    I spent so much time debugging this, most sites don't tell you a very important option to use with CURL and you will only find out this is the problem by running the PHP script from the command line you get the following output that shows the issue (I don't see any way to get this output from Apache itself). * About to connect() to ip.ip.ip.ip port 25000 *   Trying ip.ip.ip.ip... * connected * Connected to ip.ip.ip.ip (ip.ip.ip.ip) port 25000 * succes........
  • connect: No buffer space available Oct 18 12:21:03 vps kernel: printk: 177 messages suppressed. Oct 18 12:21:03 vps kernel: Neighbour table overflow.


    ping test.com connect: No buffer space available /var/log/messages Oct 18 12:21:03 vps kernel: printk: 177 messages suppressed. Oct 18 12:21:03 vps kernel: Neighbour table overflow. Solution in /etc/sysctl.conf: net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_thresh1 = 4096 net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_thresh2 = 8192 net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_thresh3 = 8192 net.ipv4.neigh.default.base_reachab........
  • Directadmin License Error The ip of this machine (xx.xx.xx.xx) does not match the ip in the license file.
    Check the value of your ethernet_dev=venet0:0 setting in your /usr/local/directadmin/conf/directadmin.conf file and the output of /sbin/ifco


    2010:09:09-22:22:11: The ip of this machine (xx.xx.xx.xx) does not match the ip in the license file.<br> Check the value of your ethernet_dev=venet0:0 setting in your /usr/local/directadmin/conf/directadmin.conf file and the output of /sbin/ifconfig<br> Solution /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/getLicense.sh........
  • Direcatdmin Install AWStats


    cd /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/ scripts]# ./awstats.sh --23:49:28--  http://files.directadmin.com/services/all/awstats/awstats-6.9.tar.gz Resolving files.directadmin.com... 72.35.85.222 Connecting to files.directadmin.com|72.35.85.222|:80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 1125906 (1.1M) [application/x-gzip] Saving to: `/usr/local/directadmin/scripts/packages/awstats-6.9.tar.gz' 100%[=........
  • Openvz Error Starting OpenVZ: failed to load module vzmon [FAILED]


    service vz start Starting OpenVZ: failed to load module vzmon               [FAILED]  vzmon: Unknown symbol ve_snmp_proc_init  vzmon: Unknown symbol addrconf_sysctl_free  vzmon: Unknown symbol ve_ndisc_init  vzmon: Unknown symbol addrconf_ifdown  vzmon: Unknown symbol ip6_frag_cleanup  vzmon: Unknown symbol fini_ve_route6........
  • OpenVZ: failed to load module vzmon [FAILED] vzmon: Unknown symbol ve_snmp_proc_init vzmon: Unknown symbol addrconf_sysctl_free vzmon: Unknown symbol ve_ndisc_init vzmon: Unknown symbol addrconf_ifdown vzmon: Unknown symbol ip6_frag_cleanup vzm


    service vz start Starting OpenVZ: failed to load module vzmon               [FAILED]  vzmon: Unknown symbol ve_snmp_proc_init  vzmon: Unknown symbol addrconf_sysctl_free  vzmon: Unknown symbol ve_ndisc_init  vzmon: Unknown symbol addrconf_ifdown  vzmon: Unknown symbol ip6_frag_cleanup  vzmon: Unknown symbol fini_ve_route6  ........
  • Openvz Quick Install for CentOS 5 Tutorial


    cd /etc/yum.repos.d wget http://download.openvz.org/openvz.repo rpm --import  http://download.openvz.org/RPM-GPG-Key-OpenVZ yum install ovz-kernel-PAE Now remember to set /etc/sysctl.conf to "net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1" You can apply the change immediately by running sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1 but remember that you still have to set sysctl.conf sysctl -p will load and apply any changes to s........
  • Subnet Mask Lengths / Quick Reference


    Subnet Mask Lengths / Quick Reference This is for when you say how many IPs would be in a /20 or /24 Now instead of doing math just remember this table or visit here more often :) /32 1 IP Address(es)   /31 2 IP Address(es)........
  • Linux How To Add/Delete A Default Route/Gateway


    Remember to replace "eth0" with your NIC device although usually it will be eth0. Replace 192.168.1.1 with your default gateway, remember you can also add multiple gateways by adding a second/different default gateway. route Kernel IP routing table Destination     Gateway         Genmask     &nb........
  • DRBD WFConnection Problem/Solution


    This has stumped me  a few times because I keep forgetting that Centos 5.5 comes with a default iptables configuration that ends up blocking DRBD traffic, I tried all the normal things and couldn't understand why I couldn't make my normal DRBD config work.  So if you have WFConnection problems and have tried the normal "mailing list" fixes, check your firewall status first! Both Nodes Say the Following: version: 8.3.8 (api:88/prot........
  • How not to change an IP address in CPanel during a migration


    /usr/local/cpanel/bin/swapip <oldip> <newip> <ftpip> domain(s) It simply doesn't work, the Apache VHOSTS remain 100% unchanged, why does this script exist?   I'm sure it would work from the control panel but I am locked out because my IP was changed and it doesn't match the CPanel license.  I wish CPanel would make it easier to update the license IP. I even took it a step farther, I manually edited the vhosts and restarted Apache and it........
  • sed script to automatically update IPs in named/BIND and httpd/Apache


    Always make a backup of the original file before trying this, I find this kind of thing when updating IPs etc.. to use a script. Where the old IP is "192.168.5.8" and the new IP is "10.10.5.8" sed -i s/192.168.5.8/10.10.5.8/g testdomain.org.db The -i with sed means "inline" meaning we edit the file directly, but without the -i we could just use > and output the results to another file or do whatever else we wanted.........
  • Openvz Live Migration Error - Error: undump failed: Invalid argument Restoring failed: Error: iptables-restore exited with 2 Error: Most probably some iptables modules are not loaded Error: rst_restore_net: -22


    Adding IP address(es): 192.168.5.8 192.168.5.9 Setting CPU units: 1000 Error: undump failed: Invalid argument Restoring failed: Error: iptables-restore exited with 2 Error: Most probably some iptables modules are not loaded Error: rst_restore_net: -22 Container start failed Stopping container ... Container was stopped Container is unmounted Error:  Failed to undump VE Resuming... vzquota : (erro........
  • Linux Kernel Freeze/Hang during boot on io scheduler cfq registered (default)


    You'll see the following and the boot process will freeze: io scheduler noop registered io scheduler anticipatory registered io scheduler deadline registered io scheduler cfq registered (default) I have struggled with this issue on vari........
  • OpenVZ iptables v1.3.5: can't initialize iptables table `nat': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?) Perhaps iptables or your kernel needs to be upgraded. Solution


    This error is annoying, in a Virtuozzo KB entry about this ip tables nat problem they say the kernel needs to be ugpraded: Symptoms The node runs 2.6.18-x kernel older than 2.6.18-028stab053.10. NAT module does not work in container, you get "can't initialize iptables table 'nat'" error: # iptables  -t nat ........
  • exim high load and dozens of processes


    This server was experiencing loads of up to 80 and maxing out the RAM and kmemsize on a CPanel VPS.  There were literally dozens if not hundreds of exim processes.  I have no idea why exim has such a design that would allow it to consume this much CPU and RAM.  Any normal MTA should not be spawning so many processes, it should be processing them in sequence and if it is going to spawn hundreds of processes in response to a large volume of mail, it's better to have a delayed del........
  • After installation Directadmin does not work directadmin dead but pid file exists on OpenVZ VPS when browsing http://ip.ip.ip.ip:2222


    After installation Directadmin does not work on OpenVZ VPS when browsing http://ip.ip.ip.ip:2222 service directadmin status directadmin dead but pid file exists tail /var/log/directadmin/error.log Check the value of your ethernet_dev=eth0 setting in your /usr/local/directadmin/conf/directadmin.conf file and the output of /sbin/ifconfig<br> 2010:07:10-12:44:01: ioctl can't find........
  • mencoder Linux CLI video editing how to encode video file into xvid and split by time into multiple parts


    Mencoder is great, you can throw anything at it, including video files from your camera and have it encode into xvid or almost any other format. In my case I took 640x480 video from my Canon and reduced the size by 1/3 with the options below (there are many other options that you can read about in the manual but I like to keep it simple).  Mencoder Encode mencoder <filename.avi> -ovc xvid -oac mp3lame -xvidencopts fixed_quant=4 -o <output.avi>........
  • mdadm when a RAID 1 member dies


    [27969.398749] sd 5:0:0:0: [sdb] 3907029168 512-byte hardware sectors (2000399 MB) [27969.398749] sd 5:0:0:0: [sdb] Write Protect is off [27969.398749] sd 5:0:0:0: [sdb] Mode Sense: 00 3a 00 00 [27969.398749] sd 5:0:0:0: [sdb] Write cache: enabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA [27972.117543] ata6.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x1 SErr 0x0 action 0x0 [27972.117543] ata6.00: irq_stat 0x48000000 [27972.117543] ata6.00: cmd 60/08:00:ff:7........
  • Realtek r8169 1gbit/1000mbit NIC/Ethernet Goes Down/Halts on Large File Transfer/Heavy Network Usage


    This is obviously a bug in the r8169 kernel module and it seems to affect a lot of people.  I upgraded to the latest kernel and hope this won't happen anymore, as it is a very serious error.  This is especially serious for those who are running servers with this chipset, who can afford for the NIC to randomly go off-line for no apparent reason?   [655548.189113] type=1505 audit(1277067560.902:5): operation="profile_load" name="/usr/bin/freshclam&q........
  • FUSE/Curlftpfs mount ftp account as drive partition in Linux


    This is a great way to use your ftp server space, for example on your web hosting account (although I believe many hosts don't allow storage like this), but if you have a VPS/Dedicated Server etc.., this would be perfect.  Imagine how easy it is to work with an ftp account that you can just mount as a normal partition or directory in Linux, it would be great for backups etc..   Name curlftpfs - mount a ftp host as a local directory Synopsis........
  • XBOX 360 No Sound over HDMI Solution/Fix


    My XBOX's dashboard/firmware was from sometime in 2008 when I first bought the system.  I mainly played using composite cables but at my brother in law's house we used HDMI.  The very first time it worked, but then I bought some games that did some update and after that HDMI never worked. The symptoms besides having on sound is that your XBOX will show PC monitor resolutions but won't have any option to say you have a 720P or 1080P display, this means the XBOX firmware is fa........
  • Use rcconf to edit startup/init.d/init scripts on Debian/Ubuntu based distributions


    I've never understood how to enable and disable services for different run levels in Debian based distros, it's just weird, annoying and doesn't make sense.  I much prefer chkconfig from RHEL. Just install the package called 'rcconf' and be done with it.  rcconf makes things easy for you. apt-get install rcconf Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree        Reading state information... Done........
  • cPanel complaint - No Shared SSL! cPanel 11.25.0-R46156 - WHM 11.25.0 - X 3.9


    I've recently used CPanel on the admin side for the first time and have to say I hate it.  Everything from the layout to the functionality screams "hackish".  It just lacks so many common sense features and way of working. I was never 100% impressed with Plesk but the basics were definitely laid out and done in a sensible manner, even though it is made by a Russian company, they definitely thought about how to make a Control Panel. I have no idea why people........
  • Centos How To Add Static Network Route


    route add -net 192.16.5.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 eth0 Of course adjust as you need (eg. the 192.16.5.0 should be changed to the subnet you need access to and eth0 should be changed to the network device that you want that subnet routed through).   I also use the /etc/sysconfig/rc.local script and add the above into it (remember that this route only gets added AFTER all other init scripts have finished though).........
  • rsync skipping non-regular file


    skipping non-regular file "mnt/lib/udev/devices/console" skipping non-regular file "mnt/lib/udev/devices/kmem" skipping non-regular file "mnt/lib/udev/devices/loop0" skipping non-regular file "mnt/lib/udev/devices/null" skipping non-regular file "mnt/lib/udev/devices/ppp" skipping non-regular file "mnt/lib/udev/devices/net/tu Solution for skipping non-regular file You need the -D........
  • How To Set DHCP/Static IP Address in Centos/RHEL/Fedora & Debian/Ubuntu/Kubuntu/MEPIS Set DHCP/Static IP Address


    Basically the two main types of distros are Debian and RHEL/Centos based.  I'm just going to give a quick overview of how the configuration of IP interfaces works in Debian/Centos based distros. *Just one thing to remember, when setting IPs statically you have to manually specify a DNS server in /etc/resolv.conf (since DHCP is what normally does it automatically) Debian/Ubuntu/Kubuntu/MEPIS The IP (DHCP &........
  • CPanel Use /scripts/easyapache to recompile Apache/PHP with different options


    I used the "Image Manipulation and Security Options" and let the script do the rest. /scripts/easyapache For whatever reason, doing a manual compile of PHP myself broke everything and I've never seen that before, that's why I resorted to the cheat of easyapache.........
  • Openvz Enable Most Common iptables modules


    The default options for iptables are very basic.  Here is what you need to do in order to enable them in OpenVZ. 1.) Add the modules to iptables and restart iptables: vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables-config Edit the line as so: IPTABLES_MODULES="ipt_REJECT ipt_tos ipt_TOS ipt_LOG ip_conntrack ipt_limit ipt_multiport iptable_filter iptable_mangle ipt_TCPMSS ipt_tcpmss ipt_ttl ipt_length ipt_state iptable_nat ip_nat_ftp" 2.........
  • Intel Corei5 750 Complaint/Onboard Video Issue on Intel H57 chipset not working


    Do you have an LGA1156 board and wonder why your onboard video isn't working?  It's probably because there is no GPU integrated on the board itself, it is supposed to be on the CPU and new CPU's from Intel don't come with it! I was shocked to learn that you can buy a motherboard with onboard video which doesn't work.  I never knew it was being done or possible, but to make it worse the latest Core i5's don't have video on the die of the CPU. This means having on........
  • Asus O!Play cannot access network/workgroup shares


    It always worked fine before but no amount of power unplugging/cycling does any good.  I can access one network share and that is one that I've already saved, but it can't see any workgroups. One silly thing is why is there no option to manually connect to a netbios name or IP? It seems there is a bug with the firmware and that the SMB client is not working properly.  Hopefully it fixes itself at some point. Between this and the lack of support for embedded s........
  • Compile PHP 5.3.2 on Centos 5 and CPanel/WHM because of error - Fatal error: Call to > undefined function imagecreatefromjpeg()


    This function and others may not work with the stock PHP install on Centos/CPanel:  Fatal error:  Call to > undefined function imagecreatefromjpeg() Even with libjpeg-devel installed it won't work because PHP was not compiled with jpeg support, so we have to do the dirty work ourselves :) Here is the command/yum's I did to install missing libraries for PHP that configure will complain about (yes it is a one by one process). yum install bzip2-........
  • Unixbench Score on Core i5 750 with OpenVZ Kernel vs Xen/Openvz


    This was unbelievable how much the Xen kernel slows things down, keep in mind both tests were done on the hostnode, one was with the Openvz-Xen hybrid kernel and the other was just OpenVZ.  You can see the performance difference is nearly 300% better when not using the Xen kernel. OpenVZ-Xen Kernel Test Results (I was wondering what was wrong/so slow with my Core i5!)    #    #  #    #  #  #  &n........
  • Canel Default VHOST DocumentRoot/Contents Directory is /usr/local/apache/htdocs


    This can be very annoying and CPanel doesn't seem to document it, or it's not found or made as obvious as it should be.  It's always funny when I find it more difficult to work with a control panel than to do everytihng manually without CPanel or even Plesk. So once again, the default serve path for contents is: /usr/local/apache/htdocs and this is especially applicable when accessing Apache by just an IP which is unbound to any domain at this point.........
  • OpenVZ user_beancounters kmemsize failcnt Processes Timing Out/Doing Nothing/Zombie


    cat /proc/user_beancounters produces the following: kmemsize        1861537    5139870   12752512   12752512   26965041 Notice the failcnt "26965041", that is for kmemsize and at first it confused me.  The system had enough guaranteed and enough burst RAM available.  kmemsize is a variable indepedent of that, but who cars about the explanation right, let's just make thing........
  • SSH Automatic/Passwordless Logon - Setup Public Key Encryption In Single Command


    This is a very simple solution, but most guides out there make you login twice (once to scp the key) and once to put the key in authorized_keys.  There's no need for that.  If you don't already have a ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub just type "ssh-keygen -t rsa" and keep hitting enter until it's done :) Just use this code to easily enable passwordless login with SSHD key=`cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub`;ssh user@192.168.5.25 "echo $key >> ~/.ssh/auth........
  • Choose Which GCC Version to compile with via CC environment variable.


    It's very common to have multiple GCC versions for different reasons, as annoying as it is.  Some newer/older programs only compile properly or at all on specific versions. You can export the following variable CC: export CC=gcc-4.1 Replace gcc-4.1 with the filename of the gcc you want eg. gcc-99........
  • mdadm Linux Software RAID auto-detect and assemble RAID Array


    mdadm --assemble --scan mdadm: /dev/md/diaghost05102010:2 has been started with 2 drives. mdadm: /dev/md/diaghost05102010:1 has been started with 2 drives. mdadm: /dev/md/diaghost05102010:0 has been started with 2 drives. -bash-3.1# cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [linear] [raid0] [raid1] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [multipath] md125 : active raid1 sda1[0] sdb1[1]       14658185 blocks super 1.2........
  • rsync my favorite/best/optimal default switches and options


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  • Seagate Drive 500GB Drive Dying


    This drive is clearly on the way out, the Kernel knows it but I'm surprised that SMART is not concerned.  I didn't blame Seagate for their past issues until now.  This hard drive has hardly been used and has not even been powered on for a year according to SMART. Home page is http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/ === START OF INFORMATION SECTION === Model Family:     Seagate Barracuda 7200.11 Device........
  • Convert HDD/Hard Drive Partition(s) into non-RAID into RAID 1 using existing data without data loss and without reformatting.


    Before we start I take no responsibility for this, you should have a backup and if you make a mistake during this process you could wipe out all of your data.  So backup somewhere else before starting this as a precaution, or make sure it's data you could afford to lose. The RAID 1 Setup (Hardware Wise) I've already setup my 2 x 1TB (Seagate) drives with identical partitions, make sure your new hard drive (the empty one) is setup like your curr........
  • Linux EXT3 16GB-17GB maximum filesize issue solved/how to fix


    I have no idea why but mkfs.ext3 defaults to a patheticlly small blocksize of 1024 bytes/1KB (kilobyte).  That means the maximum filesize is ONLY 16GB!  With 2KB/2048 bytes you get a 256 GB maximum filesize, and with 4KB/4096 bytes you get 2TB! I finally noticed/paid attention to this after realizing that with rsync and scp that no file larger than 17GB could be transferred.  I then realized it must be a file size limit on the partition. Here is what tune2fs tol........
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  • email2fax and Asterisk to do eFaxing


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  • tar gzip: stdout: File too large - Error Size Limit on Large file > 17GB


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  • Picking an FTPD (vsftpd) Server in Linux Centos/Debian


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  • Javascript Get a specified element using getElementById()


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  • JavaScript how to do math arithmetic with floats and int


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  • Javascript round float to 2 decimal places


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  • Photoshop Save Layers as a file


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  • Problems surfing web/serving


    Problems surfing web/servingI noticed sometimes websites wouldn't load at random through a FreeBSD box and other systems on the same link didn't have the issue. I believe it is because of the low default limit of 128 TCP connections that caused the problem. It would also slow down any traffic that requires many connections such as Bittorrent. The fix is to increase the amount of connections to at least 1024 Edit [b:520b050d3e]/etc/sysctl.conf[/b:520b05........
  • CentOS (most Linux) no-RAID to software RAID-1 guide


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  • Upgrade Release Kernel Tips


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  • Setup Static IP Address ONBOOT


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  • Telus + 2Wire 2700 Router Horrible


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    E-mail (Thunderbird) with GnuPG encryptionThis is great tool for Mozilla Thunderbird which allows you to encrypt your e-mails so only you and the receiver can view it even if the e-mail is intercepting or obtained by another person. The only small catch is that you of course have to install an extension to Thunderbird and then configure each account you want to use it with. Really it can probably all be done in a few minutes and the effort is worth it.........
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  • Vonage & Linksys Offer Trade-In Program


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  • The New Chips on the Block


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  • Intel's Finnish Fetish


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  • Become your own ISP!


    Become your own ISP!http://waverider.com/ I would link to the exact product I am mentioning but it's under Products/5.8Ghz because I can't find the exact URL because of their annoying javascript and frames (you'll see what I mean). The exciting thing is that this unit can supposedly be up to 72mbit, it is NOT line of sight and the range is up to 20miles. I wonder how real world speeds and range would actually be and if it is reliable. I j........
  • Asterisk Queue Context Explained


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  • Backup Shell Script


    Backup Shell Script[quote:aaa4b0b165]#!/bin/sh date=`date -I` mysqldump --all-databases | gzip > /var/backup/backup-$date.sql.gz [/quote:aaa4b0b165] Something like that could be useful as a cronjob to locally or remotely backup your databases........
  • Server Uptime Script


    Server Uptime ScriptA cool and free tool for uptime! http://checkwebsite.org/........
  • MySQL SELECT with multiple where conditions


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  • Helpful IPFW Examples


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  • Bash Script Info


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  • Use Mozilla Firefox, not Internet Explorer - You'll be glad!


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  • Wireless/xmit power - DD-WRT v23 SP2 (09/15/06) std - build 3932 Linksys WRT54G/GL/GS


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  • Linux Kernel Compilation (Intel(R) 82575/82576 PCI-Express Gigabit Ethernet support ) Error - drivers/net/igb/igb_main.c: In function `igb_up': make[3]: *** [drivers/net/igb/igb_main.o] Error 1


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  • Geoip and Geocity Packages


    The  "Geoip" package is available on virtually all Linux and Unix like systems and is very handy in looking an IP address' corresponding country.   The homepage of the maintainers is here. They also have a package called "Geocity" which can be downloaded from their site, it is still free and gives you a close indication of the city the visitor is from.  You can........
  • Adventures in pre-paid SIM Cards and data GPRS/Edge/3G in China with China Mobile in Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Beijing and other cities


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  • iPhone Enable Tethering Manually Update ipcc Carrier Settings/Update via SSH


    Everyone says there is a "manual" way of doing it and then they tell you to use iTunes, but if you're like me, you're travelling on business in a foreign country and your laptop does not have iTunes and you don't have a way of getting it and/or don't want it. For this example I'm using the provider "du" in Dubai, UAE (United Arab Emirates) but this method works for virtually all providers.  The requirements in this case to truly "manually update........
  • How to avoid web content hijacking/copying/Force content to be accessed by only 1 domain name


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  • Unixbench Score with Glusterfs/Openvz & Quad Core Xeon - Updated with GlusterFS 2.0.8


    You might remember my original GluserFS/OpenVZ benchmark which produced a horrible 29.8 This is the exact same system, but using the latest 2.0.8 (with some small files patch which speeds up performance) you can see it is about 25% faster. I also haven't tuned my config files at all, but there are some settings that should increase performance on small files which I believe i........
  • Tyan S2735-8M Maximum Hard Drive Limit/Not Working/Doesn't work with 1TB 1000GB hard drives


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  • Unixbench Score with Glusterfs/Openvz & Quad Core Xeon


    This is very disappointing since GlusterFS markets itself as a solution to deploy VPS servers on.  On the HN itself I get a Unixbench of about 360. I'm also using an SSH tunnel to secure the communications, but even before that, things seemed very slow.        #    #  #    #  #  #    #          #####&n........
  • Linux/Unix Open SSH Login Without Password Key Exchange including Debian, Redhat, Fedora, Ubuntu, BSD etc..


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  • Have an OpenVZ VPS/Linux Virtual Private Server and nothing works right?


    A VPS Server I had just wasn't working right, code that I migrated there just wasn't working.  For example, it kept telling me the connection to the database was unsuccessful, halfway through iterating through results it already had. Then I realized it wasn't my code.  I checked my /proc/user_beancounters and found this: cat /proc/user_beancounters Version: 2.5 uid resource held maxheld barrier limit failcnt........
  • MySQL Restoring And Dumping/Backing UP MySQL Data/Tables/Databases


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  • How To Save iptables firewall rules Centos/Redhat/Fedora Linux


    This is something that annoys a lot of people, fortunately the Redhat style OS's are the most simple in this respect.  I disagree that Debian's way makes sense, it is more of a hackish approach in how they implement iptables. Anyway, for those who are using Redhat/Centos style OS's it is very simple. Set your rules from the shell/command prompt and to save the iptables firewall rules so they are remember/loaded on boot just run this command: service iptables........
  • iPhone Create Silent/Free Custom Ringtone jailbroken/jailbreak iPhone


    As shown below you can find ringtones in the "/private/var/stash/Ringones*" directory of your iPhone. Different reports have said that the .m4r format is really an MP4 file and some have said AAC and some also say "it's the same as the M4A" format.  Whatever the case is, one easy way is to install the silent theme from Cydia and copy that into your ringtones directory.   /private/var/stash/Ringtones.sh7cLj root# ls Alarm.m4r ........
  • Bash Script/Linux/Unix HTML/XML Parser


    There is a tool called "xml2" which will parse both HTML and XML scripts, this is very useful to do a mass extraction or conversion of data based on say an HTML table etc.. It becomes even more powerful using bash if certain tags are identified with a certain class="" attribute or something else unique to only the tags you want. Happy parsing.........
  • iPhone/iPod touch on 3.0 software overheating?


    There have been lots of reports like this going around and I can confirm my 3GS with 3.0 firmware is overheating as well.  It gets quite hot and actually can make your head or hand sweaty when holding it to talk, or simply holding the back cover for any reason. It's a wonder how the device cools itself at all, considering the only thing that could ventilate air are the 2 speakers at the bottom or the single speaker on the front of the device. Apple seems to be making........
  • Unlocked iPhone 3GS and firwmare 3.0 battery short low life horrible


    This is pretty bad, ever since my phone has been unlocked the battery life is horrible.  Many others have reported this issue on provider unlocked phones and even jail broken phones.  We're talking issues as bad as losing 1% every 3 minutes which is what I seem to have observed as well. For now I'm going to relock the phone, and hopefully a firmware update will address this issue.  This is very annoying and it seems apparent this is also happening on 3G phones and that........
  • iPhone Complaint Lock/Standby Disrupts WiFi and uses 3G instead


    Has Apple tried to give a golden egg to the cell phone companies?  Has anyone noticed that if you set your lock time to x minutes, the phone doesn't just lock, it goes into standby.  When it does this, any WiFi connection you have gets dropped and all push/data functions such as e-mail checking are done through the 3G network. There is no way to change this feature and functionality and it's very annoying, especially if you are downloading something or loading files over the........
  • How to solve the iPhone 15 minute POP/IMAP checking delay option with virtual push


    You need to jailbreak your phone and inside Cydia you'll find "PushMod" which will allow you to set your mail check time to 1 minute instead of 15-minutes. This is a great mod and has saved me a lot of stress and frustration, the lack of Blackberry style "free push service" makes iPhone less attractive, but this solves that. Apple needs to make mobileme free and have a Blackberry style chat network to compete, I'm not willing to pay for something Blackberry........
  • Why Apple should thank the jailbreakers and not patch/stop the jailbreaking exploits


    First of all, the iPhone is crippled in many ways, but most of my complaints about functionality have been addressed through the jailbreak, I can run apps in the background of my choosing, I can install a terminal, acccess my phone through SSH and SCP and so much more. It even addresses the 15 minute e-mail problem, I installed a program called "PushMod" and now set the checking time to just 1 minute. Apple should really thank the developers for this gift, it ma........
  • iPhone 3GS and Bigboss Warning


    Everything was working fine but I believe when I turned off "EDGE" in Big Boss everythign went haywire, at first my WiFi dropped, then 3G didn't work and I couldn't even make phone calls. If you're having this trouble with your jailbroken 3GS running 3.0 firmware, make sure you don't turn off EDGE, it seems to disrupt all service to your phone.........
  • How to unlock your iPhone 3G/3GS


    First of all you need to be jailbroken, but this is not covered here. Go into Cydia and click "Manage Sources" then "Edit" and add: repo666.ultrasn0w.com Then search for "ultrasn0w" as a package and install it, that's all there is to it, your iPhone is finally unlocked so when you travel abroad you can avoid ridiculous roaming charges, or you can switch providers and use any SIM card you like. You'd really thi........
  • iPhone Backgrounder Adds True and Real iPhone multitasking on jailbroken phones


    Apple crippled the iPhone by not allowing multi-tasking of the non-primary apps.  I use SSH a lot and I don't want to close my session just to check my e-mail, etc, now an app found in Cydia called "Backgrounder" allows just that. Although it's not perfect, we installed the correct one for "3.x" iPhones and hit "Reload SpringBoard" and the hour/circle glass has just been going for minutes. It seems like it installed fine even with the crash t........
  • iPhone/iTunes sync error "0xE8008001"


    This happened during a sync of my iPhone while installing some apps.  This usually happens to non-jailbroken iPhones who are trying to install non-Apple approved software OR jailbroken phones who haven't done the "Sync update". How to fix this error and get the Sync Update Open Cydia - Manage - Sources - Edit Add this source: http://cydia.hackulo.us Then under the section "Hackulo.us" install "Ap........
  • iPhone 3GS Jailbreak Information & Benefits


    Truly, the only way to unleash the capabilities and customization abilities of iPhone are to jailbreak, it's not just for hackers anymore. A few days ago someone by the named of "geohot" released a single click application called "purplera1n", which does the entire operation smoothly and seamlessly. In our case, the first time it went as far as "done, wait for reboot" on our Windows machine and for minutes we waited and saw the pic on the iPhone w........
  • iPhone 3GS 32GB "Harsh Review"


    Yes, I admit I finally got bitten by the hype as much as I can usually see through it all.  Keep in mind this review is of the "stock" phone, no jailbreaking yet which is what really unleashes the customizability and why I bought iPhone. I had better things to say about this phone before buying it, and it is a great phone, perhaps the best on the market by far, if not because of the Mac OS port onto the iPhone and all the apps, etc, etc. With that said........
  • iPhone has no password/wand manager saving feature in Safari Web Browser


    I kind of expected this feature to be there in some form, to stay ahead of the pack Apple needs to stay on top of this.  User's of HTC's Android smart phone which uses a Linux based OS with Google's power behind it, note that you can save passwords in the browser on that phone. Apple needs to continuously evaluate the needs in its core apps and make sure the features are cutting edge and top notch, if other phones come out with some of these seemingly small but essential features........
  • iPhone Safari Browser and TinyMCE Support


    This is unfortunate and frustrating as many sites use it, a lot of people are frustrated that TinyMCE does not work on the iPhone Safari browser. Apparently the developer of TinyMCE's answer is "talk to Apple about it" It's really frustrating although, I wonder if any other mobile phones are able to use TinyMCE or not, whatever the case is it would be nice to find a solution to use TinyMCE on the........
  • Apple iPhone 3GS and predecessors are leading a revolution


    As much of a computer nerd as I am, I'm usually a late adopter to technology for a few reasons.  I feel most new hyped technologies and electronics are mainly fads, and I'm also cheap. Adopting later means you avoid the bugs, kinks and most importantly pay the lowest price, that's me being cheap again :) I never read much about the iPhone but I saw all the hype around it and until recently I wasn't a big fan of anything Apple until a few years ago I realize........
  • Nokia N97 review, feedback and complaints


    I've had an old Blackberry for a few years and I was ready to spend some serious cash on a nice Nokia.  I love the idea of the Linux based Symbian S60 OS, so I was looking at phones like the E63, E71 (both are basically the same, at least CPU/screensize although E71 is thinner, has a 3MP camera, has GPS, and has dedicated buttons to adjust the volume). Then I heard about the N97 and what a revolution it was supposed to be and it was even compared to iPhone.  To........
  • RTL8111/8168B R8169 Gigabit Link slow speeds


    This is the Intel Atom 330 motherboard with integrated Realtek Gigabit NIC (Intel Desktop Board D945GCLF2 Motherboard W/ Atom 330 1.6 GHz Dual Core Processor - Mini-ITX) I cannot achieve more than 15 MB/s, even doing a local transfer through eth0 to it's own IP. 100%   95MB  15.9MB/s   00:06 So this is not a cabling, switch or hardware issue, it seems like a driver or chipset limitation problem. Here is my........
  • SSH Server Slow/Lagged/Delayed Login Response


    This is really something the SSH Server developers should consider.  The cause of this annoyance is because of failed DNS lookups on your IP address, which is especially common for many dedicated/col-located servers and also computers on internal NAT/private networks. The chances are this is the cause of your SSH Slow/Delayed Login problems. The easy solution to SSH Login Problems Edit /etc/ssh/sshd_config Add this line to disable r........
  • OCFS2 crash


    When trying to even cd or ls the mounted OCFS2 partition it crashes.  I think this is a combination of VMWare Server's problem and the way I mounted and symlinked to it. More than anything this shows the problem and lack of forsight with VMWare, but also that OCFS2 is easily crashed if you do strange things. Output of /var/log/messages for OCFS2   Apr 10 15:57:45 localhost kernel: [84331.691258] Modules linked in: vmnet vmci vmmon ocfs2_stac........
  • Configuring OCFS2 Clustered File System on Debian Based Linux including Ubuntu and Kubuntu


    There's a lot of information and guides on OCFS2 for RHEL and Centos Linux but the package setup and configuration is slightly different and this has thrown some people off. Installing OC2FS You should install the following packages to get started: apt-get install ocfs2-tools ocfs2console Configure OC2FS In RHEL/Centos the main configuration file is located in /etc/sysconfig/o2cb However in Debian based Linux it is located........
  • Viewing and Connecting to an SMB Samba Share on Windows/Linux/Unix


    This will give you the basic info needed to browse and connect to Samba shares from the command line.  From the GUI of Gnome or KDE etc, it is pretty standard and straight forward.  However, I've found very little guides on how to do it from the command line and if you're like me, a nerd who prefers command line for its simplicity and for remote use, this is the way to go. First get a list of all the Samba/SMB shares on the target. smbclient -L hostname........
  • Rackable Systems and their Microslice Clustered 1U Servers


    I think there has been a lot of negative press towards Rackable Systems.  We will give their new solution credit that it is marketed very well, and comes prepackaged and ready to go. But let's cut through the hype of both sides, the people who love this concept and the people who hate it. What Rackable Systems have done is a first, to minimize space, power and costs into small servers.  This is great, and many companies have already built their own servers based........
  • Bash Scripting Variable Scope Using Piped While Loop


    I've been struggling with this for awhile, wondering why all of my variables are null.  I just realized the variables disappear after leaving this while loop. Note that I'm piping to the while loop which makes a subshell I believe which is the cause of the issue:   echo "$accounts"|while read thisline; do    somevariable="some value"    (( ++counter )) done At all costs you ne........
  • Writing/Burning a data CD-R/DVD-R or DVD+RW in Unix/Linux


    There's a lot of outdated information and confusion for system administrator's out there. One annoying task for many an Administrator has been backing up data in Linux.  You don't need any GUI tools such as K3B or GnomeBaker.  Both are excellent tools but for veteran command line users working remotely, using the keyboard is a great and possibly automated way to save yourself pain and hassle. At a later date we'll cover how scripting can automatically backup certain........
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