If you can print other PDFs but not a particular one it is very likely that the PDF size is A4 (the longer, skinnier Asian paper size) instead of the North American letter size ( 8.5" x 11"). This breaks printing in most cases. Or it may print if you find a program that ignores the size issue.
Here is an example of an A4 being rejected by a printer in Ubuntu Linux via CUPS
Cannot print PDF CUPS Samsung C460:
Processing - Remote host did not accept data file (104).
I tried ImageMagick's convert but it did not work properly., the resulting output was either too small and too fuzzy. Increasing density also has the effect of making the PDF smaller and more distorted. Eg. a density of 300 vs 72 produces a smaller file size.
convert thefile.pdf -density "300" -resize "2550x3300" thefile-lettersize.pdf
convert thefile.pdf -units pixelsperinch -density 72 -page letter thefile-lettersize.pdf
The Solution - gs ghostscript to the rescue
the gs binary (ghostscript) is what fixed it using the command below.
gs -o outputfile.pdf -sDEVICE=pdfwrite -dPDFFitPage -r72x72 -g2550x3300 sourcethefile.pdf
All you need to change is the -o outputfile.pdf (to the path of your outputfile) and change "sourcethefile.pdf" to the pdf that you want to resize.
-r72x72 means 72 dpi. You can change it to whatever you like but 72 works best. In fact just like with ImageMagick when working with PDFs, a higher DPI actually creates a distorted, small pixelated result.
Bash Script to resize all .pdf's in the current dir to 8.5x11
The script just appends the name -85x11 to the original to all PDF files in the current directory.
for sourcefile in `ls -1 *.pdf`; do
gs -o $sourcefile-85x11.pdf -sDEVICE=pdfwrite -dPDFFitPage -r72x72 -g2550x3300 $sourcefile
pdf, howto, resizeif, pdfs, skinnier, asian, quot, printing, ignores, rejected, printer, ubuntu, linux, via, cups, samsung, processing, imagemagick, convert, resulting, output, fuzzy, increasing, density, distorted, eg, vs, produces, thefile, resize, lettersize, pixelsperinch, gs, ghostscript, binary, outputfile, sdevice, pdfwrite, dpdffitpage, sourcethefile, dpi, creates, pixelated,