/ - rtt - IT Resource

  • How To Mathematically Convert and Calculate Binary Value To Decimal Value


    When converting binary the easiest way is to write out a vertical list in a format like below and follow the formula in the table. Example Convert 1101 1111 to decimal. Step 1.) Write out the binary below in vertical form (leave lots of space on the left side). Keep this in mind that the "previous sum" starts at 0 on your first line. Step 2.) Formula: 2 *........
  • Centos 7 - Convert Minimal to Graphical GUI GNOME or KDE Desktop


    Did you just install the minimal version by accident or want to install the GUI?  No need to reinstall just tell yum to do the work for you! You could actually have both installed and choose one as your preference on demand (although many people prefer GNOME's simplicity). Step 1.) Install Gnome and/or KDE. To install the GNOME Desktop on Centos 7: yum -y groups install "GNOME Desktop" To........
  • pandoc convert markdown to html


    Where markdown=markdown language file and $output is your outputfile.html pandoc -f markdown $markdown -t html5 --toc --toc-depth=1 > $output  ........
  • convert.im6: Unknown field with tag 317 (0x13d) encountered. `TIFFReadDirectory' @ warning/tiff.c/TIFFWarnings/788.


    convert "file.TIF" "resize.jpg" convert.im6: Unknown field with tag 317 (0x13d) encountered. `TIFFReadDirectory' @ warning/tiff.c/TIFFWarnings/788. I've been getting this error in ImageMagick on some .tif files even though it seems to actually convert properly.........
  • linux mint image convert menu option missing solution


    I already have the caja-image-converter option installed but it shows nothing. Weirdly enough if you install nemo and nautilus converter it does show and work inside caja: The solution is to install *-image-converter sudo apt-get install *-image-converter Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree       Reading state information... Done Note, selecting 'n........
  • ImageMagick How To Convert Specific PDF Pages or a Range


    A very handy feature of ImageMagick's convert command is that it can convert PDF's to other image formats like jpg but did you know you can even manually select a range or specific pages from the PDF?  Here is an example of converting a range of pages from a PDF in this case pages 25 to 36: convert -density 300 "vSphere 6.5-1.pdf[25-36]"  vsphere.jpg   Here is an example of converti........
  • VMWare 6.7 VCSA VSphere ESXi Management SSO Install Guide on Linux using the CLI


    #mount the VCSA DVD mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd #alternatively you could mount the iso directly mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path #for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux cd /mnt/cd/vcsa-cli-installer/lin64 #no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file ./vcsa-deploy Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
  • imagemagick convert to chop off top of image


    This is useful if you have a bunch of images/scans where the same area at the top needs to be chopped. Sometimes the -trim option (such as the case of white space on top) is wrong and ends up cropping the image and losing some text. ImageMagick's convert is very useful but tricky to find some things out as I find it to be less than intuitive sometimes. Chopping off the bottom  convert -crop -0-400 image.jpg image.pdf........
  • "Object of class WP_Term could not be converted to string"


    Normally when I've seen this it's when you are using a variable like a normal string when in fact it's actually an array such as this example:   [Tue Mar 13 04:22:35 2018] [error] PHP Catchable fatal error:  Object of class WP_Term could not be converted to string in /vhost/httpdocs/wp-content/plugins/wp-instagram-post/classes/class-woo-igp.php on line 578             &nbs........
  • h264 DVR security camera footage cannot be played


    This is not just a Linux issue but a general issue most software or hardware players cannot play the resulting exported/backed up format of .h264 from DVR security camera footage for some silly reason. There is a simple solution in Linux using ffmpeg fortunately. Convert the .h264 file into mp4 ffmpeg -i yourfile.h264 -codec copy video.mp4   play dvr .h264 file........
  • imagemagick pdf convert error solution - **** Warning: can't process font stream, loading font by the name. Can't find CMap Identity-UTF16-H building a CIDDecoding resource. Warning: falling back to Identity ordering **** Error reading a conte


       **** Warning: can't process font stream, loading font by the name. Can't find CMap Identity-UTF16-H building a CIDDecoding resource. Warning: falling back to Identity ordering    **** Error reading a content stream. The page may be incomplete.    **** File did not complete the page properly and may be damaged.    **** This file had errors that were repaired or ignored.    ****........
  • mencoder bmovl error vf_bmovl: Unknown command: ''. Ignoring.


    Based on this tutorial: http://www.linuxjournal.com/content/overlay-images-video-using-mplayer-and-mencoder mencoder -oac pcm -ovc raw -vf bmovl=0:0:tfifo -o $output $file vf_bmovl: Unknown command: ''. Ignoring.  ........
  • How to convert xlsx/xls Excel file into csv


    A lot of times these files seem to lag and be incredibly slow even if just a few dozens rows of data. Here is how you can convert it with "gnumeric": ssconvert file.xlsx file.csv   You may get lots of weird errors like this but the conversion seems to work fine: (ssconvert:15244): GLib-GObject-WARNING **: g_object_set_valist: object class 'SheetObjectImage' has no property named 'style'........
  • Linux Ubuntu Mint how to view RAW image files .arw?


    I just use "ufraw" and it does the trick perfectly. Now I wish I could figure out how to batch convert them into .jpg with ImageMagick (it seems support for .raw is not guaranteed or it has to be compiled in). apt-get install ufraw........
  • mdadm and lvm how to completely disable and remove vg/pv/lv


    In short the solution is just to use vgremove for the actual /dev/mapper device: vgremove /dev/mapper/backups-backuplv   box mnt # mdadm --manage /dev/md8 --stop mdadm: Cannot get exclusive access to /dev/md8:Perhaps a running process, mounted filesystem or active volume group? box mnt # lv lvchange     lvconvert    lvcreate     l........
  • ImageMagick how to trim white space automatically in Linux


    convert -trim yourimage.png That's all there is to it, very simple, clean and quick!........
  • How to Normalize and Increase the Volume on M4A files in Linux


    M4A is a weird format, so you have to be creative here is a quick copy of what I did.  Basically you need to convert to .wav to make use of them and then I converted the resulting .wav into an mp3 (nice small file size and basically universally playable):   =======   sudo apt-get install mpg321 mp3gain faad normalize lame  faad "Voice 002 (copy).m4a" faad "Voice 002 (copy).m4a"........
  • Centos installing grub problems suspect gpt problem


    grub> root (hd0,0) root (hd0,0)  Filesystem type is ext2fs, partition type 0xfd grub> setup (hd0) setup (hd0) But if you do: root (hd1,0) setup (hd1) it does work, I think hd0/sda had a GPT partition that was not removed properly (what I did was just dd bs=512 count=1 the partition table from another drive since the partition table should be identical).  Checking if "/boot/grub/........
  • imagemagick converting jpg images to pdf file size too large


    If the file size is too large you need to resize them on the fly: convert -resize 25% *.jpg output.pdf The resize flag takes a % I have tried without and it seems to take it as pixels and becomes way too small. You can also play with the "-quality 25" flag to decrease file size even more.........
  • convert imagemagick pdf to jpg is too small when converting solution


    It is a common issue and here is the solution (increase the density/dpi): convert -density 120 some.pdf output.jpg You will need to play with the density setting to get the perfect file size and resolution. If you want a smaller file you can always use the "-quality" switch and eg. -quality 25 would be 25%/100 quality........
  • Linux how to combine images into a single one using convert from ImageMagick


    convert -append file1.jpg file2.jpg output.jpg The above is all there is to it. file1.jpg and file2.jpg are the ones to combine (the order is used) and output.jpg is the combined image.........
  • Centos 6 how to guide convert LVM non-RAID into mdadm 1/10 RAID array live without reinstalling


    Here is the scenario you or a client have a remote machine that was installed as a standard/default minimal Centos 6.x machine on a single disk with LVM for whatever reason.  Often many people do not know how to install it to a RAID array so it is common to have this problem and why reinstall if you don't need to?  In some cases on a remote system you can't easily reinstall without physical or KVM access. So in this case you add a second physical or disk or already ha........
  • Installing zoneminder on Ubuntu/Debian Linux Howto


    sudo apt-get install zoneminder [sudo] password for one: Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree       Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:   libuser-perl python-evince kdebase-apps kwrite unixodbc   libgnomeprint2.2-data python-soappy vgabios python-metacity hddtemp   python-mediaprof........
  • Linux CLI command to rip audio CD and encode convert to MP3s


    This command rips the audio tracks to .wav files *I recommend making a new directory with the name of the audio disc first and executing everything from within that directory below. cdparanoia -B Use the lame mp3 encoder to encode each one with this script: *Note that this will encode any other files ending in "cdda.wav" for track in `ls *cdda.wav`; do lame -b 192 $track; done........
  • Vbox/Virtualbox devices grayed out for non-root user solution


    <p>It is a permissions issue that is hard to fix.</p> <p><strong>All but one USB device is greyed out.</strong></p> <p>I am already a member of &quot;vboxusers&quot;</p> <ul> <li>I have already enabled and disabled USB support for the guest.</li> <li>I have already reinstalled the latest VBOx guest editions</li> <li>If running as root it all works fine</li> <li>Changing........
  • PayPal Convert BuyNow Button to Plain HTML Link


    Say if you have a form/button like this:          <form method="post" action="https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr">                 <input type="hidden" value="_s-xclick" name="cmd" /> <input type="hidden" value="THEBUTTONID" name="hosted_button_id&quo........
  • Howto Convert Xen Image to KVM


    #count=10000 makes an image of 10000MB make sure your image is at least the same as your existing dd if=/dev/zero of=yourimage.img bs=1M count=10000 # losetup -fv newimage.raw # fdisk -cu /dev/loop0 # kpartx -a /dev/loop0 # dd if=<xenimage> of=/dev/mapper/loop0p1 # e2fsck -f /dev/mapper/loop0p1 # resize2fs /dev/mapper/loop0p1 # a lot of guides tell you to edit /etc/fst........
  • bash date command to convert unix epoch timestamp


    date -d @timestampgoeshere +%c It's very handy and simple as shown above.........
  • Linux howto resize image with Imagemagick


    convert check.png -resize 25%x25%! check-resize.png You can use a percentage or pixel sizes.........
  • charat in PHP convert non-English characters into code


    This is basically URL decoding to the decimal code but nothing in PHP works how you'd expect it. Here are online tools to verify and check your work, it's important when querying databases with non-English characters: http://yehg.net/encoding/index.php# http://meyerweb.com/eric/tools/dencoder/ http://www.codetable.net/decimal/65398 Japanese: http://symbolcodes.tlt.psu.edu/bylanguage/japanesechartkatakana.html Charat code for PHP:........
  • convert PDF to JPG howto in Linux


    Use imagemagick: convert -density 200 file.pdf file.jpg   Increase the "density" value to get a higher resolution/larger file an decrease it to go smaller. This is really the quickest and simplest way.........
  • Linux OpenOffice Convert .doc/documents to PDF format with unoconv


    Install unoconv unoconv -d document -f pdf file.doc Change "file.doc" to the name of your document.  Note you could specify *.doc and it will convert all .doc's in the current directory to pdf which is very handy. unoconv uses the cli from OpenOffice to do this, OpenOffice actually doesn't have an easy way I've found of doing this despite it having the functionality.  ........
  • How to convert raw,img,vdi,vmdk and other virtual image formats using qemu-img convert between VBOX/KVM/VMWare/Xen


    The example below converts youvm.img into a vdi. The -O vdi specifies the new format will be vdi but you can use any other valid formats/vice versa. qemu-img convert yourvm.img -O vdi yourvm.vdi This is very handy for those who need to switch between virtualization technologies.........
  • convert carat ^M/M Windows based text files to Linux


    carat M isn't this symbol ^ that you think, it can only be produced by typing "Ctrl-v, Ctrl-m". That you might see in text files saved from Windows. tofrodos is the package that has dos2unix which is basically the same scripts that replace ^M with /n tofrodos is the Debian/Buntu package name which has the dos2unix and unix2dos binaries........
  • Convert PDF to JPG/JPEG without low resolution/small picture size


    convert -density 400 somepdf.pdf -scale 2000x1000 output.jpg The key is the "-density 400" switch and also -scale 2000x1000 To give credit I found the solution here: http://www.imagemagick.org/discourse-server/viewtopic.php?f=1&t=10928 That was the perfect solution when I was frustrated with how small the resulting JPG's resulted.  I'm sure this will help a lot of people when it comes time to converting a PDF to JPG which I'm amazed Imag........
  • Convert doc images/jpg/jpeg to PDF


    Use "ImageMagick" which can be installed easily on most UNIX/Linux distros. Remember that it will go with the standard file listing to determine the order but I believe you can manually specify multiple jpg's in the arguments. Convert image/jpg to PDF convert *.jpg yourpdf.pdf This is a very handy and free tool. Convert DOC/TXT documents to PDF If you wanted to convert a .doc file or text........
  • Thunderbird/MBOX to IMAP/Maildir migration done easy with mb2md


    Convert MBOX Mail files into Maildir using Linux *You need perl an the TimeDate module Get the free Perl script mb2md from the project/author's site: wget http://batleth.sapienti-sat.org/projects/mb2md/mb2md-3.20.pl.gz gunzip mb2md-3.20.pl.gz #remember you need timedate or you'll get this error: ./mb2md-3.20.pl Can't locate........
  • VirtualBox Convert Import/Boot .vmdk VMWare Hard Disk/Drive Image Won't Work


    I wanted to Import/Use a .vmdk hard disk image file from VMWare.  Generally you can just "point" VirtualBox to it and use it and it will work but I found an exception. One of my Centos 4.4 x64 images wouldn't boot.  I had two copies, an older one and the newer one.  The older one booted as normal (once I changed the VirtualBox driver to IDE from SATA).  The newer one stopped at the "GRUB loading" message no matter what I tried. As far as........
  • How to chroot properly into your OS/distro


    From a LiveCD or if you're doing something like converting your non-RAID install to mdadm here's how you would chroot properly (you have to mount your proc, sys and dev on the running system/LiveCD to your chroot environment if you want things to work right, especially if you need to run update-initramfs due to a driver change etc..) *replace "path" with your mount/chroot path mount -o bind /proc /mnt/path/proc mount -o bind /dev/ mnt/pa........
  • Nautilus/GNOME File Manager handy list of extensions


    nautilus-gksu - privilege granting extension for nautilus using gksu nautilus-sendto - integrates Evolution and Pidgin into the Nautilus file manager nautilus-share - Nautilus extension to share folder using Samba nautilus-actions - nautilus extension to configure programs to launch nautilus-bzr - Bazaar (bzr) integration for nautilus nautilus-cd-burner - CD Burning front-end for Nautilus nautilus-clamscan - Antivirus scanning for Nautilus n........
  • GNOME/Nautilus Resize Images/Pictures from File Manager by right clicking


    Just install the following package "nautilus-image-converter" and you will be able to right click any image and convert the size and rotate it. My only wish is that you could also convert the image type from say tiff to jpg etc... This is an awesome/handy/feature and great tool to have.  This is one way where GNOME/Nautilus excel, the possibilities are endless to simplify and make simple/mundane tasks quicker and more efficient than ever.........
  • Linux looking for a way to convert XLS/Excel Spreadsheets into Plain Text?


    catdoc.i386 : Decodes MS Word files into plain text or TeX format I haven't figured out how to use it, it is really not clear or obvious but it should do the job if you can figure it out. Usage:  catdoc [-vu8btawxlV] [-m number] [-s charset] [-d charset] [ -f format] files........
  • Linux Burn MP3 CD On the Fly using


    I finally decided to look into some utils that did this, and the first one I found is "mp3burn".  It is unbelievable simple and perfect. *2017-11 update and mp3burn is still available in standard repos such as Ubuntu 14/16 so this is a current and working project. Just install the package and it gets all required libraries to convert and then burn's on the fly.  And you won't believe how simple it is. I just want to a directory that had the MP3's I wanted t........
  • Convert HDD/Hard Drive Partition(s) into non-RAID into RAID 1 using existing data without data loss and without reformatting.


    Before we start I take no responsibility for this, you should have a backup and if you make a mistake during this process you could wipe out all of your data.  So backup somewhere else before starting this as a precaution, or make sure it's data you could afford to lose. The RAID 1 Setup (Hardware Wise) I've already setup my 2 x 1TB (Seagate) drives with identical partitions, make sure your new hard drive (the empty one) is setup like your curr........
  • PDF File Conversion/Solution Using Imagemagick to create PDF files for free, quickly and efficiently


    I'm really starting to love ImageMagick, I've used it to mass convert/resize family photos with scripts and all kinds of handy things. Today I just learned that you can create PDF files with it too, say if you have images scanned or anything else it's very simple: convert *.jpeg output.pdf You can replace jpg with whatever format your files are in.  One thing to remember is that you can specify the order that the images/pages are added to the PDF manu........
  • Picking an FTPD (vsftpd) Server in Linux Centos/Debian


    I decided on using yum to help me decide even though I normaly use proftpd I decided to see what else I could find. yum search ftp Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile  * rpmforge: ftp-stud.fht-esslingen.de  * base: mirrors.netdna.com  * updates: updates.interworx.info  * addons: yum.singlehop.com  * extras: mirrors.netdna.com rpmforge   ........
  • PHP cannot access /usr/bin/openssl


    PHP cannot access /usr/bin/opensslI have verified the username that runs the process is able to access /usr/bin/openssl and it does exist but the PHP script is saying it doesn't exist: [code:1:1fd0f3abbe] if (!file_exists($OPENSSL)) { //echo "ERROR: OPENSSL $OPENSSL not foundn"; }[/code:1:1fd0f3abbe] I don't get itI can clearly see the contents of /usr/bin by using the PHP system fu........
  • JavaScript how to do math arithmetic with floats and int


    JavaScript how to do math arithmetic with floats and intI have 3 variables some of which are just int and some float and need to find their sum It just adds them as strings for some reason.Normally this would work but the floats were actually text technically I guess since they came from a form. You need to convert them using parseFloat() and then everything is fine.........
  • Convert PS2 controller to PC USB Controller


    Convert PS2 controller to PC USB ControllerSuper Joy Box 3 Pro http://www.play-asia.com/paOS-13-71-6m-49-en-70-qc2.html........
  • Nice General Linux RAID 1 Guide


    Nice General Linux RAID 1 GuideFull examples/tutorials that should work for any Linux system using GRUB or LILO as the boot loader. This is the only tutorial I've seen that clearly shows how you can convert an existing non-RAID system to software RAID1 remotely, without ever having to be at the computer. This is important for people who co-locate or rent dedicated servers that they may not have physical access to in a timely manner. https://alioth.debia........
  • gnuCash - Alternative to Quickbooks/Quicken and other COTS accounting software.


    gnuCash is available for all main platforms, Linux/Unix, MacOS (FreeBSD anyway), and Windows. You can download gnuCash free from here. It does seem to be fairly full featured and somewhat straight forward, but like so many programs it is missing a few key features or things don't work quite right. It doesn't support importation of CSV files, which is a big minus.  And the developers rather than wanting to add support have just dec........
  • Using a Mac OSX DMG Image in Windows and Converting to Standard ISO Format use dmg2iso


    The dmg format is silly and annoying to work with, why couldn't Apple stick with the .iso standard?  Anyway, there's an excellent Linux and Windows based tool to convert it back to a normal .iso Image called dmg2iso I'll only cover the Linux version although the Windows pre-built binary works the same way. Download dmg2iso here for free (from the author's website) It's just silly and doesn't make sense that Ubuntu doe........
  • Apple iPhone 3GS and predecessors are leading a revolution


    As much of a computer nerd as I am, I'm usually a late adopter to technology for a few reasons.  I feel most new hyped technologies and electronics are mainly fads, and I'm also cheap. Adopting later means you avoid the bugs, kinks and most importantly pay the lowest price, that's me being cheap again :) I never read much about the iPhone but I saw all the hype around it and until recently I wasn't a big fan of anything Apple until a few years ago I realize........
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