How To Install Windows Server 7 8 10 12 2008 2012 2014 2016 Servers Desktops using Linux tftp, dhcpd and samba

It has been a big pain for a long-time to install Windows from a Linux environment.  I used to run a windows install server and it never worked right for some reason (the install would fail on most servers).

Before getting start be sure to setup your samba share so once you boot into WinPE you can mount the install for whatever Windows you want

/etc/samba/smb.conf

[smbwinstall]
path = /tftpboot/images/winstall
guest ok = yes
directory mask = 0775

It's much easier and stable to deploy all OS's using a Linux tftp and dhcpd server:

 

WinPE Boot with pxelinux
It requires pxelinux 6.04 or higher so I've included that in winpe-libs.tar.gz

cd /tftpboot/images
wget realtechtalk.com/downloads/winpe-tftp.tar.gz
wget realtechtalk.com/downloads/winpe-tftp-root-libs.tar.gz
#Extract it into your /tftpboot/

cd /tftpboot/
tar -zxvf winpe-tftp-root-libs.tar.gz
ldlinux.c32
libcom32.c32
libutil.c32
linux.c32
menu.c32
pxelinux.0
wimboot


cp winpe-libs/* /tftpboot/

tar -zxvf winpe-tftp.tar.gz
Edit your /tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg/default

Add this:

MENU TITLE WinPE
label WinPE
com32 linux.c32
APPEND wimboot initrdfile=../images/winpe/bootmgr,../images/winpe/bcd,../images/winpe/boot.sdi,../images/winpe/boot.wim

#the next step is to make sure you have a samba or windows fileshare with the windows install you want

mkdir -p /tftpboot/images/winstall
#mount and copy the install you want

pxeboot the WinPE image then mount the remote share and install windows from it

Get booting!

If everything was done right you should be able to boot off your NIC, see the pxellinux menu for winpe and boot into it.

Once in WinPE type the following command to mount your install share:

net use z: \\192.168.5.20\winstall

z:

 

Of course change the IP and "winstall" share name to match what you have on your network.
 


#errors
linux.c32: not a COM32R image this means your pxelinux is probably trying to open an image like Winpe with wimboot and is too old (upgrade to at least pxelinux 6.04.  The pxelinux.0 file in the winpe-tftp.tar.gz file is from 6.04 so it will automatically update if you overwrite your pxelinux.0 file
 

Latest Articles

  • Centos 7 - Convert Minimal to Graphical GUI GNOME or KDE Desktop
  • AMD Set Fan Speed and Other Powerplay Memory/CPU Timings with a Linux script
  • Ethereum Mining Claymore Nanopool Error
  • genisoimage errors with long filenames and deep directory structures
  • Linux Kernel USB Export Errors
  • How to download gajim 0.16.9 XMPP/Jabber client so you can use OMEMO encryption
  • HP DL385 G7 Linux BIOS Update Flash
  • hwloc-nox set CPU affinity in Linux
  • Firefox An error occurred during a connection to some-ip-or-domain. SSL peer reports incorrect Message Authentication Code. Error code: SSL_ERROR_BAD_MAC_ALERT Solution
  • Proxmox understanding the directory structure and why an NFS datastore appears to be missing files/isos
  • pandoc convert markdown to html
  • Proxmox error uploading an iso solution
  • Cannot install moodle
  • MySQL change for Antelope format to Barracuda error solution
  • vmkping -I vmk1 10.0.2.69 PING 10.0.2.69 (10.0.2.69): 56 data bytes sendto() failed (Host is down)
  • gvfs mount in /run/user cannot be accessed or displayed wrong permissions
  • VMWare vSphere 6.7 Errors Solution 503 Service Unavailable (Failed to connect to endpoint:
  • How To Enable Nested KVM so guests can virtualize with hardware extensions
  • vi error solution E166: Can't open linked file for writing
  • Supermicro IPMI / KVM / BMC Remote Console Screen Resizing Issue - Window Cut Off Solution