How To Install Windows Server 7 8 10 12 2008 2012 2014 2016 Servers Desktops using Linux tftp, dhcpd and samba

It has been a big pain for a long-time to install Windows from a Linux environment.  I used to run a windows install server and it never worked right for some reason (the install would fail on most servers).

Before getting start be sure to setup your samba share so once you boot into WinPE you can mount the install for whatever Windows you want

/etc/samba/smb.conf

[smbwinstall]
path = /tftpboot/images/winstall
guest ok = yes
directory mask = 0775

It's much easier and stable to deploy all OS's using a Linux tftp and dhcpd server:

 

WinPE Boot with pxelinux
It requires pxelinux 6.04 or higher so I've included that in winpe-libs.tar.gz

cd /tftpboot/images
wget realtechtalk.com/downloads/winpe-tftp.tar.gz
wget realtechtalk.com/downloads/winpe-tftp-root-libs.tar.gz
#Extract it into your /tftpboot/

cd /tftpboot/
tar -zxvf winpe-tftp-root-libs.tar.gz
ldlinux.c32
libcom32.c32
libutil.c32
linux.c32
menu.c32
pxelinux.0
wimboot


cp winpe-libs/* /tftpboot/

tar -zxvf winpe-tftp.tar.gz
Edit your /tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg/default

Add this:

MENU TITLE WinPE
label WinPE
com32 linux.c32
APPEND wimboot initrdfile=../images/winpe/bootmgr,../images/winpe/bcd,../images/winpe/boot.sdi,../images/winpe/boot.wim

#the next step is to make sure you have a samba or windows fileshare with the windows install you want

mkdir -p /tftpboot/images/winstall
#mount and copy the install you want

pxeboot the WinPE image then mount the remote share and install windows from it

Get booting!

If everything was done right you should be able to boot off your NIC, see the pxellinux menu for winpe and boot into it.

Once in WinPE type the following command to mount your install share:

net use z: \\192.168.5.20\winstall

z:

 

Of course change the IP and "winstall" share name to match what you have on your network.
 


#errors
linux.c32: not a COM32R image this means your pxelinux is probably trying to open an image like Winpe with wimboot and is too old (upgrade to at least pxelinux 6.04.  The pxelinux.0 file in the winpe-tftp.tar.gz file is from 6.04 so it will automatically update if you overwrite your pxelinux.0 file
 


Tags:

install, server, servers, desktops, linux, tftp, dhcpd, sambait, samba, winpe, mount, etc, smb, conf, smbwinstall, tftpboot, images, winstall, ok, directory, deploy, os, pxelinux, requires, ve, included, libs, tar, gz, wget, realtechtalk, downloads, extract, zxvf, ldlinux, libcom, libutil, wimboot, cp, edit, cfg, default, label, append, initrdfile, bootmgr, bcd, sdi, wim, fileshare, mkdir, pxeboot, booting, nic, pxellinux, z, ip, quot, errors, upgrade, automatically, update, overwrite,

Latest Articles

  • CentOS 6 impossible to compile a newer libguestfs
  • chroot
  • How To Get Started on Ubuntu with gpt-2 OpenAI Text Prediction
  • Remove cloud-init in your VM
  • QEMU-KVM KVM Command Line Practical Guide
  • Linux How To Change NIC Name to eth0 instead of enps33 or enp0s25
  • virt-resize: error: libguestfs error: could not create appliance through libvirt.
  • Asterisk Does Not Retry When Authentication Fails
  • Linux Debian Ubuntu How To Install PEPPER Faster and Latest Adobe Flash Player in Firefox
  • How To Speed Up Linux Ubuntu and Debian Based Computers By Improving CPU Performance and Changing the CPU Governor
  • Convert data or file to base64 on a single line
  • Linux Mint Ubuntu Debian radeon slow 2D performance issues radeon_dp_aux_transfer_native: 158 callbacks suppressed
  • mdadm: super0.90 cannot open /dev/sdb1: Device or resource busy mdadm: /dev/sdb1 is not suitable for this array.
  • How To Install NextCloud on Centos 7 and Centos 8
  • AH01630: client denied by server configuration:
  • ERROR: Could not find a version that satisfies the requirement PIL (from versions: none) ERROR: No matching distribution found for PIL
  • ZTE Camera Cannot Work unable to connect to camera. Camera has been disabled becaue of security policies or is being used by other apps
  • QEMU KVM how to boot off a physical CD/DVD/BDROM Drive
  • How To Install OpenProject on Centos 7 Step-by-Step Guide
  • Ubuntu Debian Linux Cannot Install Wine Solution - wine1.6 : Depends: wine1.6-i386 (= 1:1.6.2-0ubuntu14.2) but it is not installable wine1.4 : Depends: wine1.6 but it is not going to be installed