GlusterFS HowTo Tutorial For Distributed Storage in Docker, Kubernetes, LXC, KVM, Proxmox

This can be used on almost anything, since Gluster is a userspace tool, based on FUSE.  This means that all Gluster appears as to any application is just a directory.

Applications don't need specific support for Gluster, so long as you can tell the application to use a certain directory for storage.

One application can be for redundant and scaled storage, including for within Docker and Kubernetes, LXC, Proxmox, OpenStack, etc or just your image/web/video files or even database.

In this example, we assume that each node needs a full copy of the data and has a full storage brick in each node.  In practice, when you scale to very large amounts of storage nodes, you would not likely want each node to have a full copy of the data.

However, in our case, in a smaller cluster, it would be too risky not to have at least 2-3 bricks or full replicas in the cluster. 

One final production consideration, is that gluster has no inherent security to prevent clients from mounting your volumes aside from being IP based (but of course an attacker could get an IP from the correct subnet or even physically or remotely gain control of an allowed IP).  This is both convenient and a huge security hole on the part of GlusterFS.  The ideal security situation is that gluster nodes and clients communicate across a separate VLAN and an encrypted and secure VPN tunnel.

In this example I am using 3 nodes which are named gluster1, 2 and 3.

Step 1 - Install Gluster on All Nodes:

apt install glusterfs-server

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Reading package lists...
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The following additional packages will be installed:
  attr bzip2 ca-certificates file fuse glusterfs-client glusterfs-common ibverbs-providers keyutils libacl1-dev libaio1 libattr1-dev libc-dev-bin libc6-dev libevent-2.1-6 libfuse2
  libgfapi0 libgfchangelog0 libgfdb0 libgfrpc0 libgfxdr0 libglusterfs-dev libglusterfs0 libibverbs1 libicu63 libldap-2.4-2 libldap-common libmagic-mgc libmagic1 libmpdec2 libnfsidmap2
  libnl-3-200 libnl-route-3-200 libpython-stdlib libpython2-stdlib libpython2.7-minimal libpython2.7-stdlib libpython3-stdlib libpython3.7 libpython3.7-minimal libpython3.7-stdlib
  librdmacm1 libreadline5 libreadline7 libsasl2-2 libsasl2-modules libsasl2-modules-db libsqlite3-0 libtirpc-common libtirpc3 liburcu6 libwrap0 libxml2 linux-libc-dev manpages manpages-dev
  mime-support nfs-common openssl python python-minimal python2 python2-minimal python2.7 python2.7-minimal python3 python3-asn1crypto python3-certifi python3-cffi-backend python3-chardet
  python3-cryptography python3-idna python3-jwt python3-minimal python3-pkg-resources python3-prettytable python3-requests python3-six python3-urllib3 python3.7 python3.7-minimal
  readline-common rpcbind sensible-utils ucf xfsprogs xz-utils
Suggested packages:
  bzip2-doc glibc-doc libsasl2-modules-gssapi-mit | libsasl2-modules-gssapi-heimdal libsasl2-modules-ldap libsasl2-modules-otp libsasl2-modules-sql man-browser open-iscsi watchdog
  python-doc python-tk python2-doc python2.7-doc binutils binfmt-support python3-doc python3-tk python3-venv python-cryptography-doc python3-cryptography-vectors python3-crypto
  python3-setuptools python3-openssl python3-socks python3.7-venv python3.7-doc readline-doc xfsdump acl quota
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  attr bzip2 ca-certificates file fuse glusterfs-client glusterfs-common glusterfs-server ibverbs-providers keyutils libacl1-dev libaio1 libattr1-dev libc-dev-bin libc6-dev libevent-2.1-6
  libfuse2 libgfapi0 libgfchangelog0 libgfdb0 libgfrpc0 libgfxdr0 libglusterfs-dev libglusterfs0 libibverbs1 libicu63 libldap-2.4-2 libldap-common libmagic-mgc libmagic1 libmpdec2
  libnfsidmap2 libnl-3-200 libnl-route-3-200 libpython-stdlib libpython2-stdlib libpython2.7-minimal libpython2.7-stdlib libpython3-stdlib libpython3.7 libpython3.7-minimal
  libpython3.7-stdlib librdmacm1 libreadline5 libreadline7 libsasl2-2 libsasl2-modules libsasl2-modules-db libsqlite3-0 libtirpc-common libtirpc3 liburcu6 libwrap0 libxml2 linux-libc-dev
  manpages manpages-dev mime-support nfs-common openssl python python-minimal python2 python2-minimal python2.7 python2.7-minimal python3 python3-asn1crypto python3-certifi
  python3-cffi-backend python3-chardet python3-cryptography python3-idna python3-jwt python3-minimal python3-pkg-resources python3-prettytable python3-requests python3-six python3-urllib3
  python3.7 python3.7-minimal readline-common rpcbind sensible-utils ucf xfsprogs xz-utils
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done.

Step 2 - Start Glusterd on All Nodes

systemctl start glusterd

#enable on boot too or you will find your volumes do not work by themselves

systemctl enable glusterd
 

Step 3 - Connect Gluster Nodes

gluster1 IP = 10.13.132.79

gluster2 IP = 10.13.132.68

gluster3 IP = 10.13.132.21

On gluster1:

#connect to server 2

gluster peer probe 10.13.132.68

#connect to server 3

gluster peer probe 10.13.132.21

You should see this after each peer probe:

peer probe: success.

On gluster2:

#connect to server 1

gluster peer probe 10.13.132.79

 

You should see this after each peer probe:

peer probe: success.

On gluster3:

 

#connect to server 1

gluster peer probe 10.13.132.79

 

You should see this after each peer probe:

peer probe: success.

 

Check the peer status from gluster1 to make sure all is well:

gluster peer status  Number of Peers: 2

Hostname: 10.13.132.68
Uuid: 5b34c83d-489d-4981-9c59-ac991e1a014f
State: Peer in Cluster (Connected)

Hostname: 10.13.132.21
Uuid: 19e86290-3632-4e4f-9f74-4124bd61c6a0
State: Peer in Cluster (Connected)

 

Step 3 - Create your first Gluster Volume aka Make Bricks!

This can be done on any member of the Gluster cluster

mkdir -p /rttgluster/realtechtalkVolume/brick0

Format is like this:

gluster volume create VolumeName replica NumberOfServers IP:/VolumePath IP:/VolumePath IP:/VolumePath

Example based on the IPs in this blog and the /rttgluster directory as a volume location


gluster volume create realtechtalkVolume replica 3 10.13.132.79:/rttgluster/realtechtalkVolume/brick0 10.13.132.68:/rttgluster/realtechtalkVolume/brick0 10.13.132.21:/rttgluster/realtechtalkVolume/brick0

 

 

Step 4 - Start The Volume

gluster volume start realtechtalkVolume

You should see a success message and then do a "gluster volume info" and it should show the 3 nodes, bricks, and "Status: Started"

 

If the status is "Created" then you probably didn't do the gluster volume start like above.

 

Did you get an error when creating the volume?

If you are using a directory on the / root partition, it will complain as it's not recommended, but if you want to force it, then just add the "force" at the end and it will create:

Volume: failed: The brick 10.13.132.79:/rttgluster is being created in the root partition. It is recommended that you don't use the system's root partition for storage backend. Or use 'force' at the end of the command if you want to override this behavior.
 

gluster volume create realtechtalkVolume replica 3 10.13.132.79:/rttgluster/realtechtalkVolume/brick0 10.13.132.68:/rttgluster/realtechtalkVolume/brick0 10.13.132.21:/rttgluster/realtechtalkVolume/brick0 force

 

Step 5 - Let's use our gluster volume!

Let's move into our gluster volume in /rttgluster/realtechtalkVolume/brick0 and create a directory on any node (in our case gluster01).


Does it exist on the other nodes?

Oops, it looks like it doesn't quite work this way, files will appear in the brick0 dir but you cannot use it directly as you have to mount it using the client side "mount utility" like this:

Use the "volumename" of your volume if it is not called realtechtalkVolume

root@gluster02:~# mount -t glusterfs 10.13.132.79:realtechtalkVolume /gluster/
root@gluster02:~# cd /gluster/
root@gluster02:/gluster# ls
root@gluster02:/gluster# mkdir realtechtalkGlusterTest!

 

Now you'll see it does exist on gluster01's brick0 dir:

Making it permanent / automounting the Gluster Volume upon Boot

*Make sure that glusterd is enabled for bootup, otherwise this will fail until you manually start glusterd

systemctl enable glusterd

You will likely want the volumes to be mounted and survive a reboot, so you'll need to edit fstab on each host.

localhost:/realtechtalkVolume /gluster glusterfs defaults,_netdev 0 0

In our case, above, we are mounting with localhost (no need to specify an IP) since each server is part of the gluster volume.

The /realtechtalkVolume is the volume name and /gluster is the location we are going to mount to (I recommend keeping the mount location consistent across the nodes).


Tags:

glusterfs, howto, tutorial, distributed, docker, kubernetes, lxc, kvm, proxmoxthis, gluster, userspace, fuse, directory, applications, redundant, scaled, proxmox, openstack, etc, database, nodes, install, apt, server, http, deb, debian, org, bullseye, inrelease, kb, updates, amd, packages, fetched, lists, dependency, additional, installed, attr, bzip, ca, certificates, ibverbs, providers, keyutils, libacl, dev, libaio, libattr, libc, bin, libevent, libfuse, libgfapi, libgfchangelog, libgfdb, libgfrpc, libgfxdr, libglusterfs, libibverbs, libicu, libldap, libmagic, mgc, libmpdec, libnfsidmap, libnl, libpython, stdlib, minimal, librdmacm, libreadline, libsasl, modules, db, libsqlite, libtirpc, liburcu, libwrap, libxml, linux, manpages, mime, nfs, openssl, python, asn, crypto, certifi, cffi, backend, chardet, cryptography, idna, jwt, pkg, prettytable, requests, urllib, readline, rpcbind, sensible, utils, ucf, xfsprogs, xz, glibc, gssapi, mit, heimdal, ldap, otp, sql, browser, iscsi, watchdog, tk, binutils, binfmt, venv, vectors, setuptools, xfsdump, acl, quota, upgraded, newly, mb, archives, disk, dfsg, nmu, debconf, delaying, configuration, selecting, previously, unselected, directories, currently, preparing, unpack, minimal_, _amd, unpacking, support_, _all, common_, _, stdlib_, linking, byte, compiling, runtime, python_, utils_, mgc_, file_, db_, manpages_, ucf_, attr_, openssl_, certificates_, fuse_, bin_, dev_, prettytable_, certifi_, resources_, chardet_, idna_, six_, requests_, jwt_, xfsprogs_, client_, server_, providers_, keyutils_, modules_, rpcbind_, crypto_, backend_, cryptography_, update, alternatives, usr, lzma, auto, mode, symlink, systemd, multi, user, rarr, lib, sockets, socket, updating, ssl, certs, rtupdate, hooks, creating, config, idmapd, conf, adding, statd, uid, nogroup, var, fs, disabled, static, gid, glusterd, glustereventsd, processing, triggers, systemctl, ip, peer, probe, peers, hostname, uuid, ac, fstate, cluster, bd, volume, aka, bricks, mkdir, rttgluster, realtechtalkvolume, format, volumename, replica, numberofservers, volumepath, ips, blog, quot, info, didn, partition, recommended, override, node, doesn, dir, mount, utility, ls, realtechtalkglustertest, ll, automounting, volumes, mounted, reboot, edit, fstab, localhost, defaults, _netdev,

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