• MySQL Bash Query to pipe input directly without using heredoc trick


    Most of us know the heredoc method but what if you need a basic query done repeatedly and manually while working from bash? It is a pain to manually type mysql and login each time. With this command below you can semi-automate those queries: echo "use somedb; select * from auctions" | mysql -u root --password="yourpassword" Just modify the above to suit your needs and you can add more queries by adding a sem........
  • CentOS 6 and 7 / RHEL Persistent DHCP Solution


    It is very silly but the default on the ifup-eth script tells dhclient ( the program that obtains a DHCP IPaddress if you have selected DHCPin your ifcfg-eth* config file) to EXIT / QUIT if the first attempt to obtain a lease fails. No amount of dhclient.conf settings will fix this because if dhclient is started with -1 (which it is by default)then dhclient will quit. This is obviously very bad for MOST cases. Say for example you have a power outage or........
  • MySQL Cheatsheet Guide and Tutorial


    Create Database: create database yourdbname; Show All Databases: show databases; Change Database: use mysql; Drop / Delete a MySQL Database: drop database nameofyourdatabase;........
  • python import docx error


    sudo pip3 install python-docx [sudo] password for : Downloading/unpacking python-docx Downloading python-docx-0.8.10.tar.gz (5.5MB): 5.5MB downloaded Running setup.py (path:/tmp/pip_build_root/python-docx/setup.py) egg_info for package python-docx no previously-included directories found matching 'docs/.build' warning: no previously-included files matching '.DS_Store' foun........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager Express Cheatsheet CUCME CME


    Getting started, let's enable ephones and DNs we can add a phone with a telephone number: Router>en Router#conf t Router(config)#telephony-service !this enables ephone registration otherwise phones cannot register Router(config-telephony)#ephone-reg !max-ephones 2 says we can have a maximum of 2 phones, change to your needs (or to the limit set by your IOS image) Router(config-telephony)#max-ephones 2 ........
  • qemu-kvm error "Could not initialize SDL(No available video device) - exiting"


    Now older versions of qemu-kvm didn't throw this error say if you just had "-video cirrus" when starting qemu-kvm. But newer versions do care. And this probably only applies to you if you are running from bash/terminal with remote kvm images. What you need to do is remove the "-video" part and just add -vnc :5 eg. this would fix the error: qemu-system-x86_64 -enable-kvm -boot order=cd,once=dc -m 1024 -drive........
  • Centos 7 tftpd will not work with selinux enabled


    In Centos 7 tftpd will not work with selinux. Clients will not be able to connect and this is all you'll see in the log (then nothing more): Sep 18 14:39:15 localhost xinetd[4327]: START: tftp pid=4331 from=192.168.1.65 On the client/computer side you will see this: TFTP. PXE-M0F: Exiting Intel Boot Agent Basically the client is being instantly connected and bloc........
  • Debian Ubuntu and Linux Mint Broken Kernel After Date - New Extra Module Naming Convention


    This is something I've seen some run into. Take an old install of Linux Mint 18.1 ii linux-image-4.4.0-53-generic 4.4.0-53.74 amd64 Linux kernel image for version 4.4.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP i........
  • python 3 pip cannot install mysql module


    python3 testserver.com-car-scraping.py html.txt Traceback (most recent call last): File "testserver.com-car-scraping.py", line 5, in import mysql.connector ImportError: No module named 'mysql' For some reason it won't install properly even though I have the mysql client on this machine installed too. Solution: You need the mys........
  • Bind / named not responding to queries solution


    By default bind will not respond to outside queries for security reasons. In most distributions you will find the default in /etc/named.conf looks like this at the top under options: listen-on port 53 { 127.0.0.1; }; listen-on-v6 port 53 { ::1; }; directory "/var/named";........
  • Linux Mint Mate Customize the Lock screen messages and hide username and real name


    This is a security hole in my opinion and should be plugged by editing the lock screen ui layout: vi /usr/share/mate-screensaver/lock-dialog-default.ui #find these objects and set the visible property to false object class="GtkLabel" id="note-tab-label" object class="GtkLabel" id="auth-username-label> object class="GtkLabel" id="auth-realname-label"........
  • ssh how to verify your host key / avoid MIM attacks


    SSH helps keep us secure in many ways, one of those is the host-key fingerprint which is unique. If you have been connecting to an SSH server that you've made no changes to and suddenly ssh warns that the key doesn't match then you have a problem. But how about connecting to an existing server for the first time on a new machine or client? A lot of new clients calculate it using an SHA256 hash but it is not as easy on your host machine to produce the sam........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager / CUCM IP 8.6,10,12 Install Error Solution


    Install Errors on Version 12: This error happened on QEMU emulator version 2.11.1 pve-qemu-kvm_2.11.1-5 on Proxmox/Debian but installing on QEMU.12 on Centos 6 did not produce the error. *Update it is not related to the OS or QEMU version. This happened in Centos 6 too after a second install. What really causes this even though you successfully install........
  • nmap how to scan for all ports and not just the 1000 most common ports


    nmap by default only scans the most common, 1000 ports. How about if you want all ports because some services may be listening on non-standard ports? Just use the -p- switch for all ports or -p1-65535 nmap -p- somehost.com........
  • bind / named how to make a wildcard record and retain defined A records


    It is almost as intuitive as we would like it is just a *. So literally: *INA 127.0.0.1 Complete working bind zonefile below: $TTL 86400 @ IN SOA ns.rtt.ca. ns2.rtt.ca. ( 1247605715; Serial &n........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager 12 Install Errors on Proxmox/KVM


    The strange thing is that usually the first install or two will work on any new machine but then it suddenly won't. I had this experience on QEMU 2.13 on a different machine. There is something finicky or buggy about the CUCM installer even when choosing the same virtual hardware specs. qemu-kvm command: /usr/libexec/qemu-kvm -version QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.1 (qemu-kvm-0.12.1.2-2.506.el6_10.1), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard ........
  • Local Vs Universally Administered MAC Address NIC Refuses to come up


    2,6,A or E is what the second digit of your MAC address must be otherwise a lot of OS's will not work. They will say the NIC is down/not connected even though it is. This is because if the second digit is not set properly it will not view as a valid MAC or device uplink. This is especially an issue with VMs whether in QEMU etc.. if you are making your own MAC. MAC address is invalid c4:d1:aa:e5:10:05 To fix it just........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager 12 CUCM 12 - How To Enable Video Calling


    There are multiple layers but most are enabled by default such as the setting in the Phone Device Settings. However the one not enabled by default is the one in "Enterprise Phone Configuration". Enable "Cisco Camera" and then reboot your phones to enable it.........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager / CUCM IP Telephony Definitions


    DN = Directory Number: It is basically the extension of the phone In the example below, 55 is a DN assigned to the phone.........
  • tftp Linux xinetd verbose logging


    It is much more useful to have meaningful and detailed logging from tftp to see what is or isn't happening especially for VOIPand other embedded device appications: Edit the file: vi /etc/xinetd.d/tftp Change the server line like this: server_args = -s /var/lib/tftpboot........
  • Linux delete unused tap devices automatically


    This will find all tap devices and try deleting all of them. Of course don't run this if there is a chance an unused tap device is necessary and would not be created by the script ro application using it. for tap in `ifconfig -a|grep tap[0-255]|awk '{print $1}'`; do tunctl -d $tap done........
  • Linux qemu-kvm How To Enable Soundcard in Guestl


    Pass QEMU this flag: -soundhw ac97 Or you could use (for a Ensoniq soundcard): -soundhw es1370 However on some machines I get this error: pulseaudio: pa_simple_new for capture failed pulseaudio: Reason: Connection terminated pulseaudio: pa_simple_new for capture failed pulseaudio: Reason: Connection terminated audio: Failed to create voice `ac9........
  • SSH Keep Alive To stop Disconnections


    Are you tired of coming back to your computer only to find your SSH connections have been broken? Even worse are the ones that hang where it appears to be connected but it is really not. The one option you have is an SSHclient side modification to send KeepAlive packets, sometimes this can also keep up your WiFi connection and stop it from disconnecting you as well. To make the keep alive changes for your just yourself (not system wide)........
  • Linux How To Disable SATA NCQ For Better Performance


    This is the closest way to disabling it without using the "libata.force=noncq" kernel boot option is to set the queue to a depth of 1 which doesn't actually disable it. Change the sdc below to match the device you want to disable NCQ for. [root@officebox ~]# echo "1" > /sys/block/sdc/device/queue_depth Errors that indicate you are having a performance issue are these in messages or dmesg relating to N........
  • the sign-in method you're trying to use isn't allowed. For more info, contact your network administrator - solution for active directory


    This is usually because the Group Policy forbids that user or group from logging in. run "gpmc" (not "gpedit.msc" as that is for local computer settings when you are not using Active Directory) or go to Administrative Tools and Group Policy Management. Edit the default domain policy like below........
  • gsmartcontrol for Windows to Check the SMART S.M.A.R.T status


    gsmartcontrol is a free tool that let's you see the status of the SMART parameters so you can check things like temperature, reallocated sectors, bad sectors etc.. to give you a better idea of your drive health. Download it here. gsmartcontrol is a very useful tool in Windows to check your HDD / Hard Drive health status. In my experience you should NEVER trust that everything is OK just because SMAR........
  • chroot in Linux Howto Simple and Easy Guide


    chroot which stands for change root allows you to virtually operate in another operating system even though you haven't booted it. It is commonly used to deploy new distros, applications and to fix a broken Linux/Unix install or prep a new system image without having to physically boot the drive or disk. So in this example let's say we have a drive that has a Linux OS installed on /dev/sdb1 and we have mounted this partition on /mnt/sdb1 The key point is to edit the &quo........
  • qemu-kvm qemu-system Image format was not specified for '/mnt/space/cucm12.img' and probing guessed raw. Automatically detecting the format is dangerous for raw images, write operations on block 0 will be restricted. Specify the 'ra


    WARNING: Image format was not specified for '/mnt/space/cucm12.img' and probing guessed raw. Automatically detecting the format is dangerous for raw images, write operations on block 0 will be restricted. Specify the 'raw' format explicitly to remove the restrictions. #you should manually specify the format q........
  • Linux Mint XWindows Ubuntu MATE or Cinnamon How To Restart The GUI / Graphics / Session if it freezes without losing current windows or programs


    Uh oh, so you're working on some super l33t code or other stuff that is super important and Linux Mint's MATE or Cinnamon window manager freezes. This means maybe you can move your mouse but you can't click anything, you can't Alt + Tab to another program but everything appears to be working other than that. The first thing you would do is Ctrl + Alt + F1 (or whatever virtual terminal you want) and get into the Linux bash prompt (the black screen where things really happen :))........
  • Microsoft SQL Server Check What Version is Running


    This may sound silly but often on the same machine multiple versions of SQL may be installed due to other applications. How do we know which one we are running and connected to? Use the query: select @@version ........
  • How to install and setup LXC Containers (OpenVZ alternative) on Centos 6 / 7


    If you don't aleady have it, you'll need EPEL Install LXC yum -y install lxc lxc-templates Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Setting up Install Process Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: mirror.it.ubc.ca * epel: mirrors.kernel.org * extras: mirror.it.ubc.ca * updates:........
  • Cisco CUCM Unified Communication Manager Howto Guide and Tutorials


    Shutdown/restart the actual server utils system shutdown utils system restart show hostname show myself change set or reset password set password user [username] set hostname set network hostname service management........
  • SSH persistent and automatic login script for proxy


    #!/bin/bash sshcommand="ssh -N -R 20000:localhost:22 user@8.8.8.8" result=`ps aux|grep $sshcommand"|grep -v grep` if [ -z "$result" ]; then echo "we are going to connect" $sshcommand else echo "we are already connected" fi This is a handy script you can use and then add it to cron. Save........
  • SSH proxy/command in the background or from cron script


    If you have an SSHproxy that you need to run automatically from cron you will need it in the background to work. ssh -N -D 22000 user@domain.com Basically the -N let's it continue running in the background.........
  • ssh reverse proxy to enable remote access behind a LAN and firewall


    So say you are behind a typical NAT/LAN setup whether at home, work or while travelling. What if you have a computer or server that you need to connect to from the outside? Yes you could use a VPN but a quick and dirty, temporary and secure way is to use SSH's Reverse Tunneling Proxy feature. Requirements On the remote ssh server host you need the GatewayPorts option enabled in sshd_config (be........
  • How To Use Letsencrypt SSL/TLS Encryption to Create Certificates without installing on the target machine


    For some reason, perhaps you don't want to run a daemon or let Letsencrypt have access to your production server. There is a way to use it like a normal CSR/CA setup in manual mode. ./letsencrypt-auto certonly --manual -d realtechtalk.com - www.realtechtalk.com   Eventually you will get prompted to create a certain path and file with certain data: Create a file containing just this data: Casdfasfadsfsad........
  • bash if statement with wildcard string matching


    In this case if fullurl started with http://www. then it is a match Note that you CANNOT put quotes around it or it becomes a literal match which will not work as intended in the bash script example below. if [[ $fullurl == http://www.* ]]; then echo "do something" fi Another example say we want to delete every file or dir in a path except sometihng that starts with "hellothere": for file in `l........
  • Cisco DHCP Snooping Relay Setup Information


    Switch#show ip dhcp snooping Switch DHCP snooping is disabled DHCP snooping is configured on following VLANs: 1 Insertion of option 82 is enabled circuit-id format: vlan-mod-port remote-id format: MAC Option 82 on untrusted port is not allowed Verification of hwaddr field is enabled Interface&nb........
  • VBOX VirtualBox How To Import Raw .img Disk File


    What you need to do if you have taken a dd or real raw image dump of a hard disk: VBoxManage convertdd windows2019-eval-template.img windows2019.vdi --format VDI The .img is the raw dd dump and the .vdi is the output file. --format VDIspecifies to output to .vdi format If you are in a pinch you can always use qemu-kvm binary and manually specify the .img as your disk and i........
  • proxmox vm networking breaks when you restart your network on the hostnode


    Idid a systemctl restart networking and it broke Proxmox VM connectivity! #proxmox is the problem after restarting the network the tap devices go to disabled state [2230884.919905] vmbr0: port 7(tap118i0) entered disabled state [2230884.948864] vmbr0: port 8(tap122i0) entered disabled state [2230884.972748] vmbr0: port 6(tap119i0) entered disabled state [2230885.004745] vmbr0: port 5(tap117i0) entered disabled state [2230885.03673........
  • LUKS Hard Drive Encryption on Linux Mint Ubuntu Debian etc how to mount encrypted hard drive


    The key thing here is to know the actual partition that is encrypted. Often in Linux Mint's installer that ends up being partition 5 or /dev/sda5 sudo cryptsetup luksOpen /dev/sda5 anynamehere You will then be prompted for your irrecoverable passphrase: Enter passphrase for /dev/sda5: If all goes well it won't say anything further. If it says ""No key available with this passphr........
  • How to use nmap locate other machines/computers/servers on your network using nmap


    A lot of people think arp wil do it but the arp table will only show devices you have communicated with. Using nmap is a quick and simple way to scan a range to find a machine you may not know the IP for: eg: nmap -sP 10.1.5.0/24 Just change the above to your subnet........
  • sudoers file in /etc warning about comments/includes!


    If you see this in /etc/sudoers it is NOT a comment but an include. #includedir /etc/sudoers.d For example in Linux mint sudoers.d contains the following files: casper mintupdate README casper for example contains the following sudoers line: mint ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL So if you are messing ar........
  • Centos 7 Reallocate logical volume space to another


    Do you hate how Centos 7 defaults to allocating most of your valuable space to /home even though it is a production server? Here is a quick guide on how to take back that space live, while online (of course make sure you have backups just in case something goes wrong!): First we will reduce our home dir by 100G: lvreduce -L -100G /dev/mapper/centos-home WARNING: Reducing active and open logical volume to ........
  • letsencrypt certbot error "Unable to find a virtual host listening on port 80 which is currently needed for Certbot to prove to the CA that you control your domain. Please add a virtual host for port 80."


    ./certbot-auto --apache certonly Saving debug log to /var/log/letsencrypt/letsencrypt.log Plugins selected: Authenticator apache, Installer apache No names were found in your configuration files. Please enter in your domain name(s) (comma and/or space separated) (Enter 'c' to cancel): yourdomain.com Obtaining a new certificate Performing the following challenges: http-01 challenge for yourdomain.com Cleaning........
  • SSH error cannot Forward or Listen "bind: Cannot assign requested address"


    debug1: Local connections to LOCALHOST:18006 forwarded to remote address 192.168.1.93:8006 debug1: Local forwarding listening on 127.0.0.1 port 18006. debug1: channel 0: new [port listener] debug1: Local forwarding listening on ::1 port 18006. bind: Cannot assign requested address What we are seeing is that we can't listen on an IPV6 address of ::1. We need to tell SSH to stop using IPV6 so we'll edit ssh_config to take care of this issue........
  • X11 SSH Linux Forwarding Error


    Jan 30 17:16:10 localhost sshd[25385]: error: Failed to allocate internet-domain X11 display socket. The solution for me on the server side was the following in sshd_config: AddressFamily inet *Remember to restart sshd and also reconnect from the client side. Ihad all the normal X11 settings on the server but it just stopped........
  • Thunderbird How To Disable An Email Account


    Navigate to Tools -> Account Settings -> Server Settings Uncheck the following: "Check for new messages on startup" "Check for new messages every NN minutes" "Automatically download new messages". Source: http://forums.mozillazine.org/viewtopic.php?t=635510........
  • LVM How To Create Pool (dynamically allocated and not fully allocated)


    The main use I have for this is virtual servers being able to use an LVM volume but not occupying all of the space. It saves time in deploying machines and copying them so you are only copying the space they are using (eg. 5GB / 60GB vs the full 60GB). There are some disadvantages which is mainly the fact that thin pools by their nature allow you to "overallocate" disk space which is that you could use more space than is available on the disk itself and corrupt your data........
  • Proxmox Breaks Storage/LVM Backing If Killing QEMU-IMG


    I tried to stop a qemu-img copy or clone and it broke everything. It was fine to "stop" it from the GUI but a process still persisted so I killed the relevant qemu-img and the kernel went crazy. It also may not have helped that I tried to lvremove a different volume (an unused disk). But either way it breaks LVM (you cannot even run lvdisplay) so a reboot is necessary. Jan 17 06:45:21 testserver kernel: [ 5680.439337] systemd-udevd D 0&nbs........
  • Debian 9 SSH root password authentication failure password not working problem / solution


    In Debian a lot of times SSH disables the root user to login by password by default. This means you will get an authentication failure as if you typed in the wrong password. The logs also indicate the password is wrong but what is often the case is in the config file Check /etc/ssh/sshd_config cat /etc/ssh/sshd_config|grep -i permitrootlogin Make sure it says: PermitRootLogin yes If not change it and restart SSH........
  • Linux wlan0 check all wireless clients


    iw dev wlan0 station dump This is very useful because it is helpful if you are running something like hostapd and need to see the signal strength and negotiated connection speed. Station ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff (on wlan0) inactive time: 16309 ms rx bytes: 25451 rx packets: 325 tx bytes: 44381 tx packets: 159 tx retries: 0 tx failed: 0 signal: -72 [-72] dBm signal avg: -72 [-72] dBm........
  • /etc/iproute2/rt_tables default settings file in Linux Centos 6,7 and most other NIX's


    This should apply to most Linux distributions just incase you get into trouble or wipe out the defaults by accident. /etc/iproute2/rt_tables # # reserved values # 255 local 254 main 253 default 0 unspec # # local # #1 inr.ruhep........
  • bind named error solutions named[2169]: error (no valid DS) resolving / error (broken trust chain) resolving / : error (no valid RRSIG) resolving 'com/DS/IN':


    Below are the common errors you'll get with named AKA bind if your time is incorrect. The simplest solution is to install and run ntpd to correct your system's time (install ntpd if it is not installed) systemctl start ntpd systemctl enable ntpd Dec 20 13:36:16 hostingbox named[2169]: error (no valid DS) resolving 'develop.waxrain.com/A/IN': 14.215.150.17#53........
  • Linux use growisofs to burn a larger file on a BD-R / Bluray Disc


    growisofs -Z /dev/sr0 critical.tar.gz.gpg Executing 'genisoimage critical.tar.gz.gpg | builtin_dd of=/dev/sr0 obs=32k seek=0' I: -input-charset not specified, using utf-8 (detected in locale settings) File critical.tar.gz.gpg is larger than 4GiB-1. -allow-limited-size was not specified. There is no way do represent this file size. Aborting. :-( write failed: Input/output error #remember to us........
  • Linux partprobe/partx cannot access last and 4th partition


    On a test machine Iwas never able to access to a newly created 4th partiton. As we can see there are dev devices for everything but the 4th partition. The normal "partprobe" or "kpartx" or kernel being told to rescan the block device didn't help (only a reboot did). fdisk -l /dev/sda Disk /dev/sda: 750.2 GB, 750156374016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 91201 cylinders Units........
  • DRBD Errors Caused By Physical Corruption


    In a RAID array I had a have periodically lost a drive here and there over the past several months. Iwas always able to readd and resync without losing data. However at some point it looks like some minor corruption happened and this makes DRBD unhappy. Using fsck did not help either. Dec 19 06:01:45 storageboxtest4 kernel: [19005.945890] EXT3-fs error (device drbd0): ext3_get_inode_loc: unable to read inode block - inode=22184379........
  • Linux named / bind how to dump, view and clear the cache!


    Do you hate it when your ISPhas old cached records because of a high TTLon the DNS record of the relevant domain? In plain English this means you often can't connect to a site or service because your ISP's DNS servers haven't gotten word of the new IP address (probably because they haven't checked). There are also some that are notorious for ignoring TTL and not updating records for days! But if you are lucky and smart enough to have your own Linux based DNS se........
  • Debian Linux Mint Ubuntu iptables save and restore settings automatically onboot and reboot


    First you need the "iptables-persistent" package. This gives you an init script that loads your settings from /etc/iptables/rules.v4 and rules.v6 When you install it, it wll save your default setings in /etc/iptables. sudo apt-get install iptables-persistent........
  • Why SMART is not smart at all and doesn't properly predict disk errors that cause a kernel panic or crash


    Before getting into the output here is my typical experience with SMART, there is what I call a "bad disk" with pending and uncorrectable sectors that cannot be reallocated. It has caused a kernel panic and system crash repeatedly as we can see from the logs. But SMART says it has "PASSED" its self assessment. SMART is still useful to me but it is more about looking at Current_Pending_Sector. Any time I have had anything but 0 for that attribute it........
  • VirtualBox How To Add iSCSI Storage using VBoxManage


    #to show all VBoxManage list vms #show ONLY running vms VBoxManage list runningvms VBoxManage storageattach test --storagectl "SATA" --port 0 --device 0 --type hdd --medium iscsi --server 192.168.1.91 --target "iqn.2018-12.local.abcrandom.target:sdb" --initiator "iqn.1982-01.ca.bla.tld:abc123" --t........
  • iSCSI on Centos 7 Configuration and Setup Guide for Initiator and Target


    initiator = client target = server These are the first concepts you should understand which is that in iscsi essentially the "initiator" is the client and the "target" is the server. iSCSI is derived from the old fashioned SCSI that us oldtimers grew to love. The "i" stands for Internet and the SCSI stands for "Small Computers Systems Interface" (SCSI). iSCSI Target (Server)Setup targetcli is the pac........
  • Python and BeautifulSoup4's BS4's Decompose Method To Remove Unwanted Inner Tags


    < a href="/Products/MX72244"> < span class="c-shca-icon-item__body-name-brand"> ADATA < / span> &nbs........
  • How Does Cisco CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) Work?


    Cisco's CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) is a system that combines voice, video, data and mobile products into a single unified management suite. At its core, the CUCMis like a "Super PBX" that controls the flow of all communications through an organization even single or multiple site deployments. Cisco's CUCMmakes communication more effective and simple through centralized management and unification of communications resources.........
  • MySQL Using mytop Debug Source of High IO and Slow Performance


    mytop is one of my favorite tools and it is fairly simple aside from a few caveats and issues that persist to this day. To install it on Centos: yum -y install centos Configure ~/.mytop vi ~/.mytop user=root host=localhost db=test #port=3306 socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock header=1 color=1 Try runni........
  • How To Mathematically Convert and Calculate Binary Value To Decimal Value


    When converting binary the easiest way is to write out a vertical list in a format like below and follow the formula in the table. Example Convert 1101 1111 to decimal. Step 1.) Write out the binary below in vertical form (leave lots of space on the left side). Keep this in mind that the "previous sum" starts at 0 on your first line. Step 2.) Formula: 2 *........
  • systemd management using systemctl and journalctl to check systemd logs


    systemd is like the service manager for your Centos and other modern Linux distributions (including Debian/Mint/Ubuntu) allows you to enable services, stop them, restart them, check their status and even reboot your system. The key commands or arguments you will use with systemctl are the following: Unit Commands: list-units [PATTERN...] List loaded units &nbs........
  • Linux What is umask (user mask) for file and directory creation permissions and how to calculate umask and change the defaults


    umask are the default permissions that are applied when a file or directory are created. To see this in action simply just "touch filename" or "mkdir somedir" and you'll see what default permissions are applied. The first thing Ialways tell people you should know is to NEVER change the defaults unless you are making them more restrictive. But they work well and if you change the defaults you could end up creating a file without permission to read........
  • Linux Permissions and Groups Real Usecase for Group Access


    Ihave a directory structure which the primary user needs full access on but wanted a user to access only a specific directory within the main directory (so they could write in there only and nowhere else). Here's what Idid: [root@compevo8001 dllnow]# ls -alh drwxrwxr-x 2 someuser software 4.0K Oct 19 2017 ExpireYMD-2017-11-20 drwxrwxr-x 2 someuser software 4.0K Nov 19 2017 ExpireYMD-20........
  • Centos 7 - Convert Minimal to Graphical GUI GNOME or KDE Desktop


    Did you just install the minimal version by accident or want to install the GUI? No need to reinstall just tell yum to do the work for you! You could actually have both installed and choose one as your preference on demand (although many people prefer GNOME's simplicity). Step 1.) Install Gnome and/or KDE. To install the GNOME Desktop on Centos 7: yum -y groups install "GNOME Desktop" To........
  • AMD Set Fan Speed and Other Powerplay Memory/CPU Timings with a Linux script


    You can do other things but this particular script is just to set all AMD cards to 80% fan speed (remember this script needs to applied everytime you reboot). You could set it is a cron or just throw it into /etc/rc.local basepath=/sys/class/drm for hwmon in `ls -1 /sys/class/drm|grep card[0-99]$`; do echo card=$hwmon; hwmonname=`ls $basepath/$hwmon/device/hwmon|grep hwmon[0-99]` hwmonpath=$basepath/$hwmon/device/hwmon/$hwmonname echo "ec........
  • genisoimage errors with long filenames and deep directory structures


    You'll have to violate the iso9660 standards but it is necessary if you want to preserve your filesystem and filenames and shouldn't be an issue as long as you are using a modern OS like Linux. genisoimage -o Backup-Myfiles.iso -r -J -joliet-long /some/path/ You will get errors like below (even enabling joliet-long didn't help) genisoimage: Error: /some/filename.pdf have the same Joliet name Joliet tree sort failed. The -joliet-lo........
  • Linux Kernel USB Export Errors


    4.374647] usb_common: exports duplicate symbol usb_get_dr_mode (owned by kernel) [ 4.403334] usbcore: exports duplicate symbol __usb_get_extra_descriptor (owned by kernel) [ 4.427736] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: xHCI Host Controller [ 4.427844] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1 [ 4.429040] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: hcc params 0x200077c1 hci version 0x100 quirks 0x01109810 [ 4.429141] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: cache line size of 64 is not sup........
  • hwloc-nox set CPU affinity in Linux


    sudo apt-get install hwloc-nox Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following NEW packages will be installed: hwloc-nox 0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 530 not upgraded. Need to get 151 kB of archives. After this operation, 453 kB of additional disk space will be used. Get:1 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubunt........
  • Firefox An error occurred during a connection to some-ip-or-domain. SSL peer reports incorrect Message Authentication Code. Error code: SSL_ERROR_BAD_MAC_ALERT Solution


    An error occurred during a connection to some-ip-or-domain. SSL peer reports incorrect Message Authentication Code. Error code: SSL_ERROR_BAD_MAC_ALERT The page you are trying to view cannot be shown because the authenticity of the received data could not be verified. Please contact the website owners to inform them of this problem. **Solution** Go to about:config........
  • Cannot install moodle


    After starting the install it stalls here: admin/index.php?cache=0&agreelicense=1&confirmrelease=1&lang=en If you manually refresh you get a Plugins check screen: Installation System Moodle second step fails just blank screen: https://domain.la/user/editadvanced.php?id=2 Solution: give up and choose something else it shouldn't be thi........
  • vmkping -I vmk1 10.0.2.69 PING 10.0.2.69 (10.0.2.69): 56 data bytes sendto() failed (Host is down)


    [root@localhost:~] vmkping -I vmk1 10.0.2.69 PING 10.0.2.69 (10.0.2.69): 56 data bytes sendto() failed (Host is down) vsphere distributed switch vmotion not working [root@localhost:~] esxcfg-route -l VMkernel Routes: Network Netmask Gateway Interface&........
  • VMWare vSphere 6.7 Errors Solution 503 Service Unavailable (Failed to connect to endpoint:


    503 Service Unavailable (Failed to connect to endpoint: [N7Vmacore4Http20NamedPipeServiceSpecE:0x00005556ba09c070] _serverNamespace = / action = Allow _pipeName =/var/run/vmware/vpxd-webserver-pipe) 503 Service Unavailable (Failed to connect to endpoint: [N7Vmacore4Http16LocalServiceSpecE:0x00007fd26000b240] _serverNamespace = /ui action = Allow _port = 5090) Errors like the above are usually because there is an issue with your vSphere or more commonly it i........
  • zenity popup messages, windows, dialogs, error messages calendars and more howto on Gnome Linux including Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Centos and more


    zenity is a nice utility as part of the gnome window manager that allows you to script from bash and retrieve the input from the user. It could also be helpful in just notifying a user when they login with a popup window. I'll give an overview of what's available with zenity: Application Options: --calendar Display calendar dialog --entry Display tex........
  • PHP Displaying Blank Page on Apache


    Almost always the reason will be that the php.so file is missing but also that php.conf is misconfigured. In the problem machine it is actually PHP7 installed so if you reference PHP5 of course things wil be broken! Take for example here: cat /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf # # PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language which attempts to make it # easy for developers to write dynamica........
  • VMWare ESXi 6.7 SSH/PowerShell CLI Commands


    [root@localhost:~] BootModuleConfig.sh echo host-ind nfcd........
  • VMWare Vsphere VCSA Graphical Install Creates json


    yes it does create its own json ============================================ cat /tmp/vcsaUiInstaller/ovftool-20180809-175238948-20180809-175603497.log |grep -i json 2018-08-09T17:56:04.238-07:00 verbose OVFTool[30966] [Originator@6876 sub=Default] Manifest file entry: SHA1(VMware-vCenter-Server-Appliance-6.7.0.12000-8832884_OVF10-file1.json) = 1deb658c724767697587d5909c4051c01813e6a1 --> ........
  • Debian Mint Ubuntu compiling xmr-stak


    sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev git build-essential autotools-dev autoconf libcurl3 sudo apt-get install libcurl4-gnutls-dev git clone https://github.com/wolf9466/cpuminer-multi sudo apt-get install cmake libpthread-* libmicrohttpd-dev libssl-dev libhwloc-dev git clone https://github.com/fireice-uk/xmr-stak-cpu.git make install cd bin chmod +x xmr-stak-cpu ./xmr-stak -O xmr........
  • migration/4 migration 4 is using too much CPU


    top - 13:02:52 up 603 days, 19:19, 2 users, load average: 5.01, 4.15, 3.44 Tasks: 604 total, 5 running, 599 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombie Cpu(s): 17.7%us, 36.1%sy, 0.0%ni, 42.0%id, 4.1%wa, 0.0%hi, 0.2%si, 0.0%st Mem: 16278908k total, 4269684k used, 12009224k free, 119672k buffers Swap: 8k total, ........
  • [warn] VirtualHost 10.2.5.101:443 overlaps with VirtualHost 10.2.5.101:443, the first has precedence, perhaps you need a NameVirtualHost directive


    [root@thetor2017 conf]# service httpd restart Stopping httpd: [ OK ] Starting httpd: WARNING: MaxClients of 3000 exceeds ServerLimit value of 300 servers, lowering MaxClients to 300. To increase........
  • Ethereum Client Errors


    INFO [07-19|12:11:51] Imported new block receipts count=590 elapsed=8.440s bytes=74117699 number=4870906 hash=6bc60b…934753 ignored=0 INFO [07-19|12:11:57] Imported new state entries count=499 elapsed=9.963ms processed=71076 pending=1526 retry=2&nbs........
  • PayPal IPN Failed "result: IPN Handshake Invalid"


    This is often the result of PayPal's "item name" or another name having invalid characters or not supporting Unicode. 173.0.81.1 - - [17/Jul/2018:13:39:45 -0400] "POST //modules/gateways/callback/paypal.php HTTP/1.1" 406 - "-" "PayPal IPN ( https://www.paypal.com/ipn )" A good clue is if you check the debug output of the IPNand find a mandatory column empty. ........
  • Centos 7 - How To Install NFS and Mount Remotely


    Server Side Config 1.) First install nfs-utils yum -y install nfs-utils 2.) Configure nfs share Create a directory for your NFS share mkdir /datastore Create your NFS share in /etc/exports echo "/datastore 10.220.101.0/24(rw,sync,no_root_squash)" >> /etc/exports systemctl restart nfs........
  • wodim / cdrecord error cannot burn DVD or BDR .iso Errno: 5 (Input/output error), write_g1 scsi sendcmd: no error


    dvd+rw-mediainfo /dev/sr0 INQUIRY: [ASUS ][BW-16D1HT ][3.00] GET [CURRENT] CONFIGURATION: Mounted Media: 11h, DVD-R Sequential Media ID: RITEKF1&n........
  • linux mint image convert menu option missing solution


    Ialready have the caja-image-converter option installed but it shows nothing. Weirdly enough if you install nemo and nautilus converter it does show and work inside caja: The solution is to install *-image-converter sudo apt-get install *-image-converter Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done Note, selecting 'n........
  • Linux How To Free Wasted Memory RAM in Buffers


    We all know Linux is known for good memory management but is it really? It seems all on its own with hardly anything running that you can come back in days or weeks and find that almost all of your RAMis used! And many will say "no don't worry it's buffers for optimization" but it doesn't seem to help because what is in buffers is not available to use for new programs running or ones that allocate more RAM as far as Ican tell. The reason Iknow........
  • Linux Mint 18 Screen Goes Dark or Black After Screensaver or even when using the Desktop Solution


    You can search for this bug and it seems like it may be related to ecryptfs and is many years old. The symptoms are that you return to the computer and the screensaver was active or the screen was asleep/black and it doesn't seem to come back. But you check by SSH the computer is running fine and are frustrated you'll lose your running programs and have to reboot. There is a simple solution: Ctrl + Alt + F1 Ctrl +Alt + F8 Ba........
  • VSphere InternalServerError - Error When Adding Permissions


    InternalServerError (com.vmware.vapi.std.errors.internal_server_error) => { messages = [LocalizableMessage (com.vmware.vapi.std.localizable_message) => { id = vapi.bindings.method.impl.unexpected, defaultMessage = Provider method implementation threw unexpected exception: com.vmware.vapi.std.errors.InternalServerError, args = [com.vmware.vapi.std.errors.InternalServerError] }], data = } I was getting the........
  • NFS Share Won't Mount Solution - mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on 10.10.2.20:/tmp/nfsmount


    nfs mount failed: mount 10.10.2.20:/tmp/nfsmount /mnt/nfs/ mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on 10.10.2.20:/tmp/nfsmount, missing codepage or helper program, or other error (for several filesystems (e.g. nfs, cifs) you might need a /sbin/mount. helper program)  ........
  • OVF Tool: Error: Task failed on server: This host does not support Intel VT-x. VMWare VCenter install On ESXi ERror


    Intel VT-X is enabled in Virtualbox but it doesn't seem to pass through the needed vmx extension despite the following variables on the host confirming it is enabled: cat /sys/module/kvm_intel/parameters/nested Y cat /sys/module/kvm_intel/parameters/ept Y OVF Tool: Disk progress: 99% OVF Tool: Transfer Completed OVF Tool: Powering on VM: Embedded-vCenter-Server-Appliance- OVF Tool: Task p........
  • Relocating modules and starting up the kernel - VMWare ESXi 6.7 Error and Solution


    I had this error in an unsupported CPUon VMWare 6.7 and apparently this sometimes works especially on older VMWare versions like 6.5 5.5 etc (but in my case it did not). To make sure it proceed when you see "Loading VMWare" Hit "Shift+O" Then add "ignoreHeadless=TRUE" See an example below:........
  • VMWare 6.7 VCSA VSphere ESXi Management SSO Install Guide on Linux using the CLI


    #mount the VCSA DVD mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd #alternatively you could mount the iso directly mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path #for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux cd /mnt/cd/vcsa-cli-installer/lin64 #no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file ./vcsa-deploy Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
  • Hard Drive Serial Number Examples


    The reason for this article is because a lot of us don't physically see our hard drives they are often remote in a datacenter etc and the actual serial number we see in SMART is not enough to check for some manufacturers. A good example is our first one the Toshiba === START OF INFORMATION SECTION === Device Model: TOSHIBA DT01ACA200 Serial Number: 33FMDW4AS........
  • Cannot create gradle for conversations


    The main issue is it looks like Java is not configured to accept the invalid ssl cert that is coming from the download location. Exception in thread "main" java.lang.RuntimeException: javax.net.ssl.SSLException: java.security.ProviderException: java.security.InvalidKeyException: EC parameters error export ANDROID_HOME=/home/user/Downloads/tools/ Conversations-master$ ./gradlew Downloading https://services.gradle.org/distributions/grad........
  • not allowed to execute '/usr/bin/apt-get install eclipse' as root linux sudo user permisson issue and solution


    This is most likely to happen on a normal GUI system like Ubuntu or Linux Mint. If you or the user is meant to have sudo / root privileges it is as simple as editing the following files: Now assume your username is "iamtheuser" vi /etc/group adm:x:4:syslog,iamtheuser sudo:x:27:anotheruser,iamtheuser Find the above lines and add a comma and "ia........
  • Database Error One or more of the WHMCS database tables appear to be either missing or corrupted. Please check and repair. - WHMCS Solution


    Database Error One or more of the WHMCS database tables appear to be either missing or corrupted. Please check and repair. This error can be misleading especially if you know you are using a known good backup or restoration of the WHMCS database. The error can also be that the user lacks permissions to read and write to the database. To check to this in MySQL shell: GRANT read,write to dbusername@localhost on dbna........
  • postfix errors fatal: no SASL authentication mechanisms /usr/libexec/postfix/smtpd: bad command startup -- throttling solution


    Jul 3 22:12:17mailserver postfix/smtpd[6195]: fatal: no SASL authentication mechanisms Jul 3 22:12:18mailserver postfix/master[4881]: warning: process /usr/libexec/postfix/smtpd pid 6195 exit status 1 Jul 3 22:12:18mailserver postfix/master[4881]: warning: /usr/libexec/postfix/smtpd: bad command startup -- throttling This only ever happens in my experience when the authentication method is actually Dovecot. Usually the problem........
  • No comments are allowed here Internal Server Error The server encountered an internal error or misconfiguration and was unable to complete your request.


    Internal Server Error The server encountered an internal error or misconfiguration and was unable to complete your request. Please contact the server administrator, root@localhost and inform them of the time the error occurred, and anything you might have done that may have caused the error. More information about this error may be available in the server error log. Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS) Server at testdomain.com Port 80........
  • Linux Mint Black Screen after boot no graphics solution


    This is not the normal "black screen"issue and I was shocked to eventually find out why. The normal advice of reconfiguring Xorg didn't work. Even booting into "Recovery Mode" did not help. Here is the short end of the stick that fixed it: sudo apt-get install mdm mate-desktop-environment Yes you got it right, mdm and the mate-desktop-environment / gnome were somehow uninstalled. This must be whe........
  • Duplicate entry '2147483647' for key 'PRIMARY' MySQL Error Solution


    This usually happens when you are using something like an INT and try to insert a larger valuethan the maximum which is larger than "2147483647" On a practical term I have seen this and been guilty of this error when using scripts like PHPand generating large random numbers: $hash = mt_rand(5,9999999999999); Obviously that many 9's are more digits than the maximum of an INT resulting in that error. Change your code accord........
  • Mozilla Firefox Address Bar History Not Working places.sqlite corruption solution database repair


    Here is the only solution Ifound that works in Firefox: *Note you could basically just copy all of the commands in bold (the rest just shows the output) Install sqlite3 sqlite3 places.sqlite sqlite> .clone places.sqlite-fixed moz_places... done moz_historyvisits... done moz_inputhistory..........
  • imagemagick convert to chop off top of image


    This is useful if you have a bunch of images/scans where the same area at the top needs to be chopped. Sometimes the -trim option (such as the case of white space on top)is wrong and ends up cropping the image and losing some text. ImageMagick's convert is very useful but tricky to find some things out as I find it to be less than intuitive sometimes. Chopping off the bottom convert -crop -0-400 image.jpg image.pdf........
  • How To Set or Change Useragent in Firefox and Seamonkey


    In your browser go to "about:config" Right click and choose "New" ->"String" The name should be: general.useragent.override String Value: Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; U; Android 2.2.1; en-ca; LG-P505R Build/FRG83) AppleWebKit/533.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/4.0 Mobile Safari/533.1 You don't even have to restart to make this work.........
  • Linux Mint Ubuntu Debian How To Disable Webcam Automatically Onboot To Prevent Spying and Privacy Violations


    It is well known hackers, the NSA, CIA and other groups have created malware to secretly turn on your webcam and microphone on your phone, tv etc.. But fortunately on our computers and laptops we have some options. Most webcams use the "uvcvideo" kernel module / driver. You can disable this in two ways on boot. I recommend both just as a failsafe. Disable it on rc.local once your system boots automatically Add the followi........
  • Prevent SSH Bruteforce and Hacks By Disabling Password Authentication


    One simple way to keep your server public but almost impossible to hack via SSHis to disable password authentication over SSH. This means the only way in is via your own private key that only you should have. Edit your /etc/ssh/sshd.conf file Set this option PasswordAuthentication no Restart your SSH server. service sshd restart ........
  • solution mysqldump: Got error: 1044: Access denied for user 'user'@'localhost' to database 'thedb' when using LOCK TABLES


    It is simple the user just needs to be given the "LOCK TABLES" privilege. As root run this command: GRANT LOCK TABLES ON yourdatabase.* TO yourmysqluser@localhost;........
  • MySQL How To Grant Access To ALL Databases For Export and Backup Purposes


    GRANT SELECT, LOCK TABLES ON *.* TO yourmysqluser@localhost; All you need to do a full MySQL dump on all databases is the SELECT and LOCK TABLES privileges. This way you don't have to use the mysql root user. Data could be compromised this way but at least no harm from manipulation, changes or deletion are possible by locking down the privileges to the minimum for a full MySQL dump and backup.........
  • vzquota : (error) Quota on syscall for id 4532: No such file or directory vzquota on failed [3] OpenVZ Error and Solution


    Starting container... vzquota : (error) Quota on syscall for id 4532: No such file or directory vzquota on failed [3] Solution vzquota drop 4532 Then start the container and it should work. It actually happened after migrating the VPS manually to ano........
  • syslinux / pxelinux how to boot from local drive how to


    Just type the command: localboot By default it will boot the first local drive "0". Ibelieve you can specify a different number to boot a different device. eg. localboot 3 (will boot the 4th BIOS device)'........
  • How To Install Windows Server 7 8 10 12 2008 2012 2014 2016 Servers Desktops using Linux tftp, dhcpd and samba


    It has been a big pain for a long-time to install Windows from a Linux environment. I used to run a windows install server and it never worked right for some reason (the install would fail on most servers). Before getting start be sure to setup your samba share so once you boot into WinPE you can mount the install for whatever Windows you want /etc/samba/smb.conf [smbwinstall] path = /tftpboot/images/winstall guest ok = yes........
  • error: Could not locate RPC credentials. No authentication cookie could be found, and no rpcpassword is set in the configuration file Bitcoin Litecoin Error


    error: Could not locate RPC credentials. No authentication cookie could be found, and no rpcpassword is set in the configuration file This is usually because the .cookie file cannot be read by the user you are running Litecoin or Bitcoin client/daemon as. You can adjust the permissions of the file so that the user or group they are apart of has read permissions. ........
  • "Object of class WP_Term could not be converted to string"


    Normally when I've seen this it's when you are using a variable like a normal string when in fact it's actually an array such as this example: [Tue Mar 13 04:22:35 2018] [error] PHP Catchable fatal error: Object of class WP_Term could not be converted to string in /vhost/httpdocs/wp-content/plugins/wp-instagram-post/classes/class-woo-igp.php on line 578 &nbs........
  • Linux input/output error invalid program cannot read data on some CD-Rs and DVD-Rs on ASUS BW-16D1HT


    I've never seen this before in all of my years. Ihave some very old CDs and DVDs 12-15 years old that seem not to work in this BD-R/DVD-R/CD-R Asus drive. The discs are fine actually and ironically they even work fine on a normal LG USB based BD-R drive! Here are the errors in Linux: [2914936.884924] attempt to access beyond end of device [2914936.884927] loop1: rw=0, want=730424, limit=688384 [2914954.556873] attempt to........
  • Installing SSL Certificate with Chain Intermediary CA File


    Some of the cheaper or newer SSL suppliers will require this to work properly (otherwise you may be prompted that the cert is invalid when it's not the case but it will certainly scare off your users!). In the Apache vhost conf for the domain here is what you add: SSLCACertificateFile /path/to/your/cafile.pem Here is a full example of an SSL Vhost config in Apache using a CA Certificate file ........
  • PHP Warning: Cannot load module 'XCache' because conflicting module 'apc' is already loaded in Unknown on line 0


    PHP Warning: Cannot load module 'XCache' because conflicting module 'apc' is already loaded in Unknown on line 0 Solution: yum remove php-pecl-apc-*........
  • Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/module.so' - /usr/lib64/php/modules/module.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0


    Getting this error on Centos 6 with PHP 5.3 when just running "php -v" PHP Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/module.so' - /usr/lib64/php/modules/module.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0 PHP Warning: Cannot load module 'XCache' because conflicting module 'apc' is already loaded in Unknown on line 0 Solution:........
  • Linux How To Clone One System Harddrive to another remote system


    The easiest way is to use SSHand DD or a combination of netcat. SSHwill be a little slower due to encryption but is the most secure way (on two older systems the average clone speed is about 40-50MB/s). This is also OS independent as it doesn't matter what the source OS is because you are literallly cloning the drive so you retain the partition table and settings. Clone HDD using SSH and DD........
  • MySQL Maximum INT Size Truncation Issue/Warning


    MySQL will silently truncate a larger INT than capable. Check MySQL's own documentation here: As we can see the maximum size of INT (which is the most commonly used) is 2147483647 A lot of coders make this mistake by using very large values such as 9999999999 but it would actually truncate to 2147483647 which is the maximum size of an INT. This is dangerous beca........
  • Syntax error on line 221 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Syntax error on line 6 of /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf: Cannot load /etc/httpd/modules/libphp5.so into server: /etc/httpd/modules/libphp5.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or direct


    Stopping httpd: [ OK ] Starting httpd: httpd: Syntax error on line 221 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Syntax error on line 6 of /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf: Cannot load /etc/httpd/modules/libphp5.so into server: /etc/h........
  • GCC 5 on Centos 6 - How To Install


    Install requirements: yum -y install gmp-devel mpfr-devel libmpc-devel glibc-devel glibc-devel.i686 zip unzip jar Download, untar, configure, compile and install GCC http://mirrors.kernel.org/gnu/gcc/gcc-5.5.0/gcc-5.5.0.tar.gz tar -zxvf gcc-5.5.0.tar.gz cd gcc-5.5.0 ./configure make make install Now you need to cleanup th........
  • How To Create Apache htpasswd file


    This just simply outputs what you need a username and password that can be used to authenticate from .htaccess htpasswd -nb user password user:Gnb6uE9Lp4gt2 If you want to write it straight to a file htpasswd -cb /tmp/somefile.pw user password How To Use This In .htaccess AuthUserFile /tmp/somefile.pw AuthName GetLost!! AuthType B........
  • Linux last command show login by IP instead of hostname


    In the "last" command in Linux by default it will show the information with the hostname (not very useful at all especially since it normally truncates long hostnames). To get last to show the IP address use this: last -i The -i makes it show the numeric IP instead of hostname.........
  • Linux how to view video card make and exact model


    Normally lspci will show you just like this and would suggest they are exactly the same card: 1a:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Ellesmere [Radeon RX 470/480/570/580] (rev e7) 1c:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Ellesmere [Radeon RX 470/480/570/580] (rev e7) lspci -vnn is the answer As we can see one is a Gigabyte and the other is an MSI card. Wha........
  • Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for directory /home/user SSH Public Key Authentication Failed Solution


    First of all I got this error after accidentally messing up my usergroup by using usermod -G user group When I would login using SSHkeys it would fail: sshd[2020]: Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for directory /home/one No worries, the fix is simple! chmod g-w /home/use........
  • pcimodules and lspci not working alternative solution


    pcimodules no longer works it produces nothing probably because the format of /sys/bus/pci is different. lspci -k doesn't work on older lspci versions. pciutils can be compiled but it won't work if you have an old system and compile on a newer glibc. iteriate through /sys/bus/pci/devices/*/modalias cat /sys/bus/pci/devices/*/modalias pci:v00008086d00001237sv00000000sd00000000bc06sc00i00 pci:v00008086d00007000sv0000000........
  • PHP Migration from 5.3 to 5.4+ and dealing with deprecated functions


    Upgrading from PHP 5.3 to 5.4+ there are many challenges basic things like mysql_connect() do not work anymore.........
  • userdel user userdel: cannot lock /etc/passwd; try again later.


    I am not sure why this happened I think it's because the file was in use by another duplicate process or script. userdel user userdel: cannot lock /etc/passwd; try again later. ........
  • How to find and mount mdadm arrays automatically


    A great way if you have a bunch of drives and mdadm connected and are looking for backups/archives and don't know what is where! for md in `cat /proc/mdstat|grep md[0-99]|awk '{print $1}'`; do mkdir /mnt/$md; mount /dev/$md /mnt/$md; done........
  • M2Crypto.SSL.Checker.WrongHost: Peer certificate subjectAltName does not match host, expected fedora-archive.ip-connect.vn.ua, got DNS:mirror.ip-connect.vn.ua


    You are using Centos 5 which is deprecated so nothing in yum will work until you follow this post to use the vault: http://realtechtalk.com/Centos_59_Working_Vault_Repo_file-1921-articles yum update Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * epel: fedora-archive.ip-connect.vn.ua Traceback........
  • [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec) [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] Init: Unable to read server certificate from file /www/ssl-certs/server.crt [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] SSL Library Err


    [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec) [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] Init: Unable to read server certificate from file /www/ssl-certs/server.crt [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] SSL Library Error: 218529960 error:0D0680A8:asn1 encoding routines:ASN1_CHECK_TLEN:wrong tag [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] SSL Library Error: 218595386 error:0D07803A:asn1 encoding routines:ASN1_ITEM_EX_D2I:nested asn1 error........
  • linux cp and mv will not overwrite due to alias!


    This through me for a loop when I would do a cp -rf or mv -f nothing would get overwritten even if piping y or yes to the command. Type alias and you'll see why: alias cp='cp -i' alias l.='ls -d .* --color=auto' alias ll='ls -l --color=auto' alias ls='ls --color=auto' alias mv='mv -i' alias rm='rm -i' The -i is a safeguard against messing things up but however does mess things up worse when you know what........
  • FreeBSD/OpenBSD OpenVPN Client error "Cannot allocate TUN/TAP dev dynamically"


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    Client Log OpenSSH_4.3p2, OpenSSL 0.9.8e-fips-rhel5 01 Jul 2008 debug1: Reading configuration data /etc/ssh/ssh_config debug1: Applying options for * debug1: Connecting to 192.168.1.253 [192.168.1.253] port 22. debug1: Connection established. debug1: permanently_set_uid: 0/0 debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/identity type -1 debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/id_rsa type 1 debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/id_d........
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    Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill init! Pid: 1,comm: init Tained: G I------------- 2.6.32-358.el6.x86_64 #1 Call Trace: [] ? panic+0xa0/0x16f [] ? do_exit+0x862/0x870 [] ? fput+0x25/0x30 [] ? do_group_exit+0x58/0xd0 [] ? sys_exit_........
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    This is a handy link and list of all the relevant Directadmin log files and related servers. http://help.directadmin.com/item.php?id=11 DirectAdmin: /var/log/directadmin/error.log /var/log/directadmin/errortaskq.log /var/log/directadmin/system.log /var/log/directadmin/security.log Apache:........
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    vgchange -ay 3 logical volume(s) in volume group "vg_12" now active lvscan inactive '/dev/vg_12/lv_root' [144.04 GB] inherit inactive '/dev/vg_12/lv_home' [1.00 GB] inherit inactive '/dev/vg_12/lv_swap' [7.85 GB] inherit........
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    -bash-3.1# shutdown -rn now Connection to localhost closed by remote host. Connection to localhost closed. Sometimes I work with embedded systems/custom kernels without any of the fancy init scripts and other common Linux basics that most would expect. This means that often the "reboot" command (which uses an init script) will never work, not only that but it will hang the server and a manual power cycle or reboo........
  • Directadmin error/** Found 7 pre-existing rpmdb problem(s), 'yum check' output follows: e2fsprogs-devel-1.41.12-3.el6.i686 has missing requires of e2fsprogs-libs = ('0', '1.41.12', '3.el6') e2fsprogs-devel-1.41.12-3.el6.i686 has missing requires of l


    Solution To The Following: yum -y install zlib-devel yum -y install e2fsprogs* *** Cannot find /usr/include/et/com_err.h. (yum install libcom_err-devel) *** Installation didn't pass, halting install. Once requirements are met, run the following to continue the install: cd /usr/local/directadmin/scripts ./install.sh Common pre-install commands: http://help.directadmin.com/it........
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    Here's the link to the warranty checker and from there you can also create an RMA: https://myapps.taec.toshiba.com/myapps/admin/jsp/webrma/addRequest1NoLogin.jsp Note that the serial# shown in SMART is not complete as is the case for many other brand sof HDDs. For example a 2TB Toshiba shows the following Serial Number in SMART: Device Model:........
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    I chose this because I heard a lot of stories about scams and that many providers I contacted said they can't unlock the Canadian I717s (one said "my Bell server" is down). This method worked perfectly on my Bell I717M and should work for all I717 in Canada, I was able to insert a foreign SIMcard. This will work abroad too but remember entering CWM mode is different for I717's in other countries (at least theUS). Step 1 - Root + CWM........
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    Here's a proven example of what a bad hard drive can do, it was technically functioning OKin a RAID array but the system became extremely low and the load become high and IOWAIT was even higher and I always thought it was a bad application. The truth is that this failing 1TBHitachi has slowly gotten worse and caused huge slowdowns, (eg. 100% load on Thunderbird waiting for e-mails to load etc..). After swapping it out, tabs change instantly, emails are not lagged, and........
  • Hitachi Serial Numbers for Hard Drives without seeing the physical drive


    Here's what SMART tells me the serial number is: === START OF INFORMATION SECTION === Device Model: Hitachi HDS721010CLA332 Serial Number: JP2940HQ3ZY7KH Firmware Version: JP4OA3EA User Capacity: 1,000,204,886,016 bytes Device is: Not in smartctl database [for details use: -P showall] ATA Version is: 8 ATA Standard is:&nb........
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    Step #1 - Create Wrapper Script vi /usr/local/bin/phpsendmail #!/usr/bin/php ........
  • Samsung Galaxy Note Ubuntu Linux USB Connection Error


    This pops up when connecting the phone and it doesn't seem to charge. The phone keeps showing a status message every few seconds "Connected as a media device". It's ridiculous why this phone doesn't just default as a simple USB Mass storage device. Here's what I see in /var/log/messages: Jan 30 18:51:27 QuadCoreAM2 kernel: [18038228.144046] usb 1-3: new high speed USB device using ehci_hcd and address 24 Jan 30 18:51:28 QuadCoreAM2 ke........
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    arp -a syst (192.168.1.122) at 21:96:43:3a:62:a2 [ether] on eth0 arp -d 192.168.1.122 If you get an error do: arp -d 192.168.1.122 -i eth0 Sometimes the arp cache just won't clear either, some say it should automatically but there are cases where the above doesn't work. I believe it may be that some network applications are keeping the entry alive but this is just a guess.........
  • Setup PXE Boot using Centos and dhcpd, tftp and syslinux


    This is something I often setup for clients because it's very helpful for people in datacenters, this allows custom OS installs on demand, you can customize it more by using kickstart etc.. but here's a base I use before customizing more: This little script below will install everything you need to get booting by PXE Linux. It also assumes you set a local IP (be sure not to overwrite your existing IP) on eth0:0 (note the :0) as 192.168.1.10 and it........
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    I've used rsync again for this because I found it very simple, I've only excluded the Cache directory since it's not necessary and could be several GB in size. rsync -Phaz --exclude=Cache/* user@remotehost.com:/home/user/.mozilla/firefox/profile.default/* /home/user/.mozilla/firefox/ec1n9opl.default/ This is a great way once again to get going how you were on the old/remote computer fairly quickly. It even restores all of your history in........
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    The best way is to use rsync, I've set it up so it doesn't copy unnecessary files, or at least ones I'm sure aren't needed. Here is the rsync command Iused (adapt to your specific Thunderbird profile location): rsync -hazv user@remotehost.com:/home/user/.thunderbird/sbrer.default/* /home/user/.thunderbird/4nyb0.default/ --exclude=global* --exclude=Cache --exclude=ImapMail --exclude=Mail This is a great way to get your e-mail accounts going on a new c........
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    Here is a quick script that works on most Centos versions to disable the virus/SELinux from blocking basic functionality. The first echo 0 statement disables SELinux instantly but it will still be enabled on reboot. The second line disables it permanently. #!/bin/bash #disable SELinux Immediately echo 0 > /selinux/enforce #disable SELinux Permanently sed -i 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config........
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    qemu-img create -b centos.5-8.x86.20120308.qcow2 -f qcow2 ../kvmguests/25000-centos5.8x86.qcow2 Formatting '../kvmguests/25000-centos5.8x86.qcow2', fmt=qcow2, backing_file=centos.5-8.x86.20120308.qcow2, size=10485760 kB -b the source/base image -f format is qcow2 and the location of the destination image What is so special about this? It's even quicker than creating a template with OpenVZ but this is an actual OS. It saves time a........
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    parted sdc.img GNU Parted 1.8.8 Using /home/one/sdc.img Welcome to GNU Parted! Type 'help' to view a list of commands. (parted) unit&nb........
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    ip_conntrack: table full, dropping packet. A lot of clients I've seen have this issue, it really seems the default level is way too small. Once this connection tracking table becomes full then packets get dropped which is obviously a bad thing. One thing to be mindful of though is that 350 bytes of memory are used per entry so there is some justification for not keeping it too high. However, if you have multiple servers running or high traffic daemons........
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    A lot of people become nervous (and understandably so) when checking their auth or security logs, in Centos /var/log/secure and see dozens, hundreds of even thousands of attempted logins to various services, especially SSH. Of course you could manually block these people/IPs but no one has time to read the logs like that, what if some program or script could do it for you? This is what denyhosts does for you, it checks the logs and based on a certain number of failed SSH attem........
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  • Centos how to upgrade from PHP 5.2 to 5.3 without downtime


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    ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'contentmanager'@'localhost' (using password: YES) For fun I thought I'd reset the password: GRANT ALL ON thecontent.* TO contentmanager IDENTIFIED by 'dfdfsdfdsfsdfsd'; ERROR 1470 (HY000): String 'contentmanager' is too long for user name (should be no longer than 16) This is ridiculous that this new version has some bizarre 16 character username limit and not only that but i........
  • Debian UUID not working


    Neither the blkid or the UUID internal to mdadm work to automount for some reason in Debian partprobe doesn't work but was a good suggestion from: http://pato.dudits.net/2008/11/03/special-device-uuidxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx-does-not-exist-especially-with-lvm mount: special device /dev/disk/by-uuid/431b9b96-29e8f298-e89bd504-7065bddd does not exist mdadm -D /dev/md_d12 mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored. /dev/md_d12: &nb........
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    CREATE TABLE articles_backup LIKE articles The code above creates a new table called "articles_backup" which has the exact same structure and attributes as the original articles table. CREATE TABLE articles_backup SELECT * FROM articles; The above code does the same thing as the first example, BUT it also copies all of the data.........
  • Error code: sec_error_unknown_issuer Solution Valid SSL Certificate Throwing Error in Firefox


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  • Directadmin Enable SSL


    It's really silly how DA doesn't enable SSL by default but is otherwise a stable, fast and secure control panel. Here's a copy and paste way of enabling SSL for Directadmin in just a few seconds: *setup SSL openssl req -x509 -newkey rsa:1024 -keyout /usr/local/directadmin/conf/cakey.pem -out /usr/local/directadmin/conf/cacert.pem -days 9999 -nodes That creates the public certificate and private key pair in the location Directadmin expects to fi........
  • failed to IDENTIFY (INIT_DEV_PARAMS failed, err_mask=0x80)


    [ 12.460014] ata1: SRST failed (errno=-16) [ 17.626677] ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0) [ 22.480011] ata1: SRST failed (errno=-16) [ 27.646681] ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0) [ 38.106817] ata1.01: failed to IDENTIFY (INIT_DEV_PARAMS failed, err_mask=0x80) [ 48.266676] ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0)........
  • SSH error slow login debug1: An invalid name was supplied Cannot determine realm for numeric host address - Solution


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  • LOG: MAIN PANIC failed to expand condition "${if eq {$authenticated_id}{}{0}{${if eq {$sender_address}{$local_part@$domain}{0}{${if match{$received_protocol}{N^e?smtps?a$N}{${perl{checkbx_autowhitelist}{$authenticated_id}}}{${if eq{$received_prot


    I experienced this with CPanel's Exim after an auto-update (a Google of this error produces lots of complaints with few clear solutions). In this case I'll put the solution at the top. Run /scripts/buildeximconf to rebuild the Exim config and it should be fine after that. mail -vs "from test" user@dest.com < .bash_history LOG: MAIN cwd=/root 4 args: send-mail -i -v user@dest.com LOG: MAIN &........
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  • Linux Ubuntu Nvidia GT430 Lockups/Errors/Freezes NVRM: os_schedule: Attempted to yield the CPU while in atomic or interrupt context


    I'm running Ubuntu 10.10 with Asus NVIDIA GT430 2.6.35-32-generic-pae #65-Ubuntu SMP Tue Jan 24 14:06:16 UTC 2012 i686 GNU/Linux Nvidia binary driver: 260.19.06 The screen sometimes completely freezes and locks up or everything starts going very slow: [1903398.100007] NVRM: os_schedule: Attempted to yield the CPU while in atomic or interrupt context [1903402.373210] NVRM: Xid (0001:00): 53, CMDre 00000000 00000080 00000000 00000005 00........
  • Xen how to mount disk images off-line and access data


    fdisk -lu VPS.img last_lba(): I don't know how to handle files with mode 81ed You must set cylinders. You can do this from the extra functions menu. Disk VPS.img: 0 MB, 0 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 0 cylinders, total 0 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Device Boot Start End ........
  • Skype Linux/Ubuntu Sound Echo/Distortion Poor Quality Problem Fix Solution


    This was very annoying but has a simple fix, I had an echo and the voice quality was absolutely horrible (it sounded like tin cans under water) if that helps describe it. It was extremely distorted. The simple Skype sound quality solution Go to "Options" -> "Sound Devices" Disable the "Allow Skype to automatically set my mixer levels" After doing this the sound qua........
  • Ubuntu 10 Nvidia Drivers Not Updated After Kernel Update Solution/How-To Manually Rebuild nvidia kernel modules for Ubuntu


    I dread updating the kernel and rebooting to find the Ubuntu graphics aren't working and you have to manually intervene. This is usually because Ubuntu for whatever reason didn't update the drivers you need (eg. the manually compiled Nvidia Kernel driver that MUST be recompiled for each and every kernel update unfortunately). The most common reason may be that "linux-source" hasn't been installed automatically on my system. I tried to manually reinstall the........
  • What's Needed To Fix Linux


    I really am a Linux fan but my comments here may not show it. Although I'm quite familiar with Linux CLI to administer servers, I find Linux GUI OS's like Ubuntu at times very clunky. This is partially because there's no such thing as a "self-made" Linux from scratch where the UIwas designed by a single team. Linux is made up of several different projects that are generally completely separate and this lack of integratiion is a key issue that makes things f........
  • mdadm/Debian problem


    This is one in a series of weird things whichIthought was motherboard related (I RMA'd the motherboard), the RAM tests fine with memtest86 and I used badblocks on both RAID 1 members with no errors and smartctl is happy with them. Basically the array crashes the kernel a lot and has issues when writing. [112322.723465] md0: rw=0, want=14958668696, limit=1887460480 [112322.731077] attempt to access beyond end of device [112322.731087] md........
  • Drupal/MySQL database error: PDOException: SQLSTATE[42000] [1044] Access denied for user 'db_user'@'localhost' to database 'dbname' in lock_may_be_available() (line 167 of /home/user/public_html/includes/lock.inc).


    PDOException: SQLSTATE[42000] [1044] Access denied for user 'db_user'@'localhost' to database 'dbname' in lock_may_be_available() (line 167 of /home/user/public_html/includes/lock.inc). The username and password were correct but some reason CPanel added the user with no permissions! Edit the user's permissions to include "All" from Cpanel or MySQL and that is the solution.........
  • How To Burn ISO Image using cdrtools/dvdrtools for Linux/Unix Ubuntu/Debian/RHEL/Centos etc..


    It really is as simple as: cdrecord -v dev=/dev/sr0 pathtoyourisoimage.iso -v is for verbose, I prefer it but if you don't you won't see as much output like below (I like to know the details and exactly what's happening) dev=/dev/sr0 specifies the device name of your burner (they say not to use it and to specify some weird annoying device string but using the raw /dev has always worked for me and is how it should have been implemented from the start IMHO)........
  • gocr - free Linux OCR (Optical Character Recognition) conversion tool


    gocr works great and it's simple, just invoke it like so: gocr filename.png The output will be printed to the screen. My only complaint/concern is that even with standard terminal output (not scanned) from a printscreen, gocr does make mistakes by inserting extra spaces where they don't belong, mistaking letters for numbers etc.. but it's definitely enough to be readable and figure out what you're looking at. I haven't tested yet with scanned input........
  • Linux Kernel Panic Messages - Symptoms of bad RAM module/stick


    These were caused by a bad stick of Corsair RAM [] free_hot_cold_page+0xfc/0x150 [] __pagevec_free+0x14/0x1a [] release_pages+0x127/0x12f [] __pagevec_release+0x15/0x1d [] __invalid_mapping_pages+0x120/0x156 [........
  • convert carat ^M/M Windows based text files to Linux


    carat M isn't this symbol ^ that you think, it can only be produced by typing "Ctrl-v, Ctrl-m". That you might see in text files saved from Windows. tofrodos is the package that has dos2unix which is basically the same scripts that replace ^M with /n tofrodos is the Debian/Buntu package name which has the dos2unix and unix2dos binaries........
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    The normal solution would be as follows: export DISPLAY=:0.0 /usr/lib/vino/vino-server & But what happens if that doesn't work? I haven't been able to find much documentation about how to find the list of displays and how their numbering works in Xorg. Sometimes you'll get this error when trying to restart vino: Cannot open display: For some reason my display is not on 0.0........
  • wget download all files on page/directory automatically recursively


    Have you ever found a website/page that has several or perhaps dozens, hundreds or thousands of files that you need downloaded but don't have the time to manually do it? wget's recursive function called with -r does that, but also with some quirks to be warned about. If you're doing it from a standard web based directory structure, you will notice there is still a link to .. and wget will follow that. Eg. let's say you have files in http://serverip/documen........
  • samba/smbd connection to share problems and solutions


    I'll start by showing some problems in the logs: [2011/08/07 16:22:06, 0] param/loadparm.c:8569(process_usershare_file) process_usershare_file: stat of /var/lib/samba/usershares/movie failed. Permission denied [2011/08/07 16:22:06, 1] smbd/service.c:676(make_connection_snum) create_connection_server_info failed: NT_STATUS_ACCESS_DENIED That means you don't have permission to access the fi........
  • ifup eth0 SIOCSIFFLAGS: Cannot allocate memory Failed to bring up eth0 Centos Network won't work after kernel update and reboot


    ifup eth0 SIOCSIFFLAGS: Cannot allocate memory Failed to bring up eth0 This is on a Centos 5.5 machine with OpenVZ kernel 2.6.18-238.12.1.el5.028stab091.1PAE, I updated 3 systems with the same hardware to the same kernel and for some reason the network didn't come back. This only happened once the first time I booted into the new kernel and hasn't happened again but this is a serious issue for those running systems from remote locations such as a datacente........
  • Did Rogers and other wireless block Mobile Twitter on government/police orders during the Canucks Stanely Cup Riot?


    I am watching the Canucks riot and a reporter said Twitter is down. My home connection on Shaw is fine, but when Iused my Rogers network over the cell, it says "Rate Limit Exceeded". I wonder if this is a transparent redirect by Rogers under police order? I noticed that the Telus network loaded Twitter just fine.........
  • Linux Out of Memory OOM Object Killer Solution "Out of memory: kill process 1955 (sshd) score 81 or a child"


    I had a system running a 128MB live CD image with 2.8 gigs of available RAM and the OOM kernel killer went crazy when using dd for more than 8 minutes and kept killing everything. I've read that this is due to a low-memory issue and paging in the kernel and 32-bit systems with lots of RAM. I even enabled swapspace on my LiveCD and the issue happened 25 minutes into dd rather than 8 minutes, so what gives? Also no swap space was ever used! cat /proc/s........
  • How To Test If Your Hard Drive Is Good/Signs of dying hard drive


    I like dd, although it only reads it, usually a read test of the entire disk will uncover if your hard drive is bad in some parts. This is a good thing to do at least once a month, a lot of times bizarre program behavior, laginess and crashing/unnmounting problems etc.. are due to a failing disc and SMART won't know it or indicate a problem: We must also remember there's never a guarantee, I've found that ever since we moved to larger and more platters per drive with 1TB drives........
  • smart is not smart, it thinks a dead drive is still good


    I had a dying drive that smart thought until it totally disappeared was a good drive, and actually all parameters did look fine but this system was causing my system to lockup and other bad behavior: === START OF INFORMATION SECTION === Device Model: WDC WD20EARS-00MVWB0 Serial Number: WD-WMAZ20139 Firmware Version: 50.0AB50 User Capacity: 2,000,398,934,016 bytes Device........
  • Openvz CPT ERR: cc4c0800,28000 :Unknown image version: 304. Can't restore.


    CPT ERR: cc4c0800,28000 :Unknown image version: 304. Can't restore. This happens when you live migrate between OpenVZ servers with different kernels running, at least significantly different by date. There is no solution except to make sure you're running the same kernels on all machines, or at least not kernels that are much older or different (this is just a guess though, you should ensure all kernels are the same).........
  • Centos Solution to "Warning: Unable to open /dev/fd0 read-write (Read-only file system). /dev/fd0 has been opened read-only."


    Warning: Unable to open /dev/fd0 read-write (Read-only file system). /dev/fd0 has been opened read-only. That's a very annoying error, it's simply because Centos for some reason thinks it's wise to load the "floppy" kernel module, who has a floppy drive? I haven't seen or used a floppy for over 12 years! It's more than just annoying, if you probe the drives attached to your system, eg. with grub or partprobe, it keeps trying to locate a flopp........
  • Openvz YUM Error Solution to "[Errno -1] Metadata file does not match checksum Trying other mirror."


    It's weird because I have a nearly identical box and setup and I can update the ovzkernel-PAE* just fine but on this box it doesn't work. I only get this error with the openvz.repo and not others such as Centos-Base.repo With my other server it works normally: ================ Setting up Update Process Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package ovzkernel-PAE.i686 0:2.6.18-238.12.1.el5.0........
  • Hitachi 2TB HDS5C3020ALA632 drive DOA


    I had one of these shipped and it was not recognized when plugged in, here's what a dead drive looks like (I assume it's teh circuit board which is dead): ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0) ata1: softreset failed (device not ready) ata1: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300) ata1: link online but device misclassified, retrying ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0) ata1: softreset f........
  • Kernel/make compilation time and how to improve compile times/compile the Linux kernel faster without hardware upgrades


    I thought only a faster CPUand SSDwould help but I already have a Quad-Core CPU and it wasn't being maxed out. The actual tests were performed on an AMD-V enabled 128MB dual core VMWare container though. There is a flag that can be passed to make in order to start multiple threads, by specifying 4 threads I was able to reduce the whole kernel compilation time from scratch by about 50%! (65minutes vs 31minutes!). *Yes I did do a make clean before each co........
  • List of Free Public DNS Servers IP Addresses


    One thing to note about DNS servers and providers is that they aren't always trustworthy, not even if they're Google or your favorite ISP. Any DNS server can compromise your privacy, and they are likely tracking your browsing habits and keeping logs of it. Sometimes it's for Marketing/Research purposes such as Google's GMail service which they admit is scraped/datamined. I would expect nothing less from their DNS service. The other danger with such widely used and pu........
  • Directadmin Solution "This is e-mail notification to warn you that your hostname is setup improperly on your system."


    This is e-mail notification to warn you that your hostname is setup improperly on your system. This is an annoying message and bug with Directadmin, my hostname is set correctly, why does it complain? To get of this message just run this command: /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/hostname.sh yourhostname.com........
  • Kernel linux-2.6.39 In file included from drivers/block/cciss.c:1015: include/asm-generic/pci-dma-compat.h: In function `cmd_special_free': drivers/block/cciss.c:196: sorry, unimplemented: inlining failed in call to 'cciss_tag_discard_error_bits': fu


    In file included from drivers/block/cciss.c:1015: include/asm-generic/pci-dma-compat.h: In function `cmd_special_free': drivers/block/cciss.c:196: sorry, unimplemented: inlining failed in call to 'cciss_tag_discard_error_bits': function body not available include/asm-generic/pci-dma-compat.h:25: sorry, unimplemented: called from here make[2]: *** [drivers/block/cciss.o] Error 1 make[1]: *** [drivers/block] Error 2 make: *** [drivers] Error 2........
  • mysql enable slow query logging/Query Cache Solution - find/track cause of slow mysqld/high IO/CPU usage


    If you have a webserver and find you have high IO/lagginess MySQL is one of the first things to check. It turns out MySQL was my problem and it was creating a high load on my server, especially for IO. How to Enable MySQL Slow Query Logging To Find Slow Performance/Queries vi /etc/my.cnf Add this anywhere under [mysqld] #slow queries log-slow-queries = /var/log/mysql/mysqlslowqueries.log long_query_time = 1........
  • Apache High CPU Usage Enable Mod_Status Guide Solution - Find Cause of High CPU Usage Script/Domain


    mod_status is a great way to track down the source of high CPU usage and to find what vhost/script is the cause of it. It gives you a live view of bandwith usage, CPU usage, and memory usage broken down by domain/vhost and script/URI. Enable mod_status vi /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf ExtendedStatus On SetHandler server-status Order Deny,Allow Deny from all All........
  • vnstat setup guide/tutorial


    yum -y install vnstat chown nobody.nobody -R /var/lib/vnstat/ #replace venet0 below with your desired interface sudo -u nobody vnstat -u -i venet0 #edit: vi /etc/sysconfig/vnstat #VNSTAT_OPTIONS="-i venet0" # only use the sed below if you are using venet0 instead of eth0 or replace accordingly sed -i 's/eth0/venet0/g' /etc/sysconfig/vnstat [root@monitor]# yum install vn........
  • htaccess modrewrite problem with rewriting url with- dashes solution


    I was getting frustrated with trying to write a simple URL like this: /example-withdash I used the htaccess code like this: Rewriterule ^example-withdash$ / [R=301] I also tried escaping the dash which I thought should have treated it as a literal but that didn't work either: Rewriterule ^example-withdash$ / [R=301] But it wouldn't work, apparently the "-" dash means don't substitute,........
  • PayPal Solution - Error Detected Error Message We were unable to decrypt the certificate id. We were unable to decrypt the certificate id.


    Error Detected........
  • encrypt bash scripts to hide source code


    http://www.datsi.fi.upm.es/~frosal/ SHC is a program written by the author above that does just that, it's a great little tool to have. Some have said it isn't exactly encrypting the code but just making it hard to read by obfuscating the code. There was also a good discussion about that here:........
  • telnet force escape/quite with Ctrl + ]


    telnet localhost 80 Trying localhost... Connected to localhost). Escape character is '^]'. ^] telnet> A lot of people don't know that "^" means the Control Key, so many times you can't force quite telnet without knowing that (Ctrl + C won't always work). *Just use Ctrl + ] Ihope this saves some time and frustration from some people.........
  • Are my WDEARS20 Drives dying already?


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  • Dying Samsung DVDRW Drive


    My Samsung drive failed on me, at first I thought it was the enclosure but a direct SATA connection causes the same problems for discs that are inserted. It will work fine for a few minutes but then starts spewing the errors below. I've never been a fan of Korean made optical drives and have always had trouble with them. The problem is that I don't believe NEC and Lite-ON make drives anymore, and I considered them the leaders. Apr 7 11:58:48 bo........
  • monit example tutorial how to enable status checking and manipulation


    You need to enable the httpd daemon with monit to actually view the status and control, it's not only for the web interface since the httpd is theONLY way of controlling monit and viewing the status. monit monitor all will also reinstate disabled services if they've timed out too much. Just restarting the service will do nothing to re-monitor a service that monit has stopped monitoring due to too many failures. *Also note that /etc/monit.conf i........
  • 2011 Best Laptop - HP 15.6" Laptop featuring AMD Athlon II P340 Processor (G62-420CA)


    My mother needed a new laptop and I recommended her the same one I would have bought myself or my wife, that means the cheapest possible laptop with the most features for the money. This HP shines at this price point and one thing that made me stay away from buying more and recommending HP/Compaq was the poor battery life. Not anymore, this model has an industry leading up to 4 hours of battery life. Key Factors for Choosing It: HDMI Out........
  • Yahoo Mail (email) DNS Server Out Of Date Problems


    I don't expect this to be solved soon but some of Yahoo's DNS servers are out of whack. I changed the IPs of some nameservers of some domains and now most Yahoo users can't e-mail to those domains! As you can see below by the "No MX or A records for mychangedomain.com", now Yahoo's DNS/mailserver DNS cache is wrong. You would think they would at least have cached the old incorrect records, but instead for some reason their DNS cache has no entry and doesn't seem........
  • Linux High IOWAIT updatedb can't be killed and crash with mdadm


    high IO wait 424 root 39 19 1900 848 552 D 0.0 0.0 0:00.91 updatedb root 424 0.0 0.0 1900 848 ? DN Mar11 0:00 /usr/bin/updatedb -f sysfs?rootfs?bdev?proc?cpuset?binfmt_misc?debugfs?sockfs?usbfs?pipefs?anon_inodefs?futexfs?tmpfs?inotifyfs?eventp........
  • Santrex Review Scam Complaint - Stole My Money Fraud


    Santrex Review/Scam/Complaint Santrex never provided any working server, I believe it was just a dummy management Solus server because the server said it was booted but never connected to the console. I complained to them and eventually the support admitted the server was not working and to wait for 24 hours. I waited for 4-days, after which they sent an e-mail saying my service was being disabled for SPAM ...(when SolusVM shows 0kb of traffic). Th........
  • Virpus Review/Scam/Complaint


    Virpus Review/Scam/Complaint Virpus is advertised on LEB (lowendbox.com). My initial payment was refunded after days of not receiving the VPS, but two subscrption payments went through and Ionly received notification after the second one. They ignored the requests in the ticket and by e-mail for a refund and even escalated the PayPal dispute that "we're assuming this is for a service that was provided" (when they obviously know otherwise by........
  • 95th Percentile Billing vs Usage Billing, what's better?


    There are all kinds of threads and links on the internet, and this seems to be a contentious issue butI don't know why. 95th percentile is either a good deal for some or a big rip off for others, Ijust said it there :) But the reality is that for MOST people who transfer low amounts of data but burst to higher speeds such as 40mbit+ even for short periods of time, then you'll pay a lot of money to do that. Basically 95th percentile is an-old archaic method........
  • Linux - mptbase/MPT Fusion LSI Logic Error mptbase: ioc0: ERROR - didn't initialize properly! (-1)


    kernel 2.6.27.54 Fusion MPT base driver 3.04.07 Copyright (c) 1999-2008 LSI Corporation Fusion MPT SPI Host driver 3.04.07 mptbase: ioc0: Initiating bringup mptbase: ioc0: WARNING - Unexpected doorbell active! mptbase: ioc0: ERROR - Doorbell ACK timeout (count=4999), IntStatus=80000001! mptbase: ioc0: ERROR - Diagnostic reset FAILED! (102h) mptbase: ioc0: WARNING - NOT READY! mptbase: ioc0: ERROR - didn't initialize proper........
  • VPS Server Scam/Review/Complaint List


    These are the only two I've encountered but here is the low-end and note my story is not at all unique. In my case I was scammed out of money and did not receive any service at all from either company. Santrex Review/Scam/Complaint Santrex never provided any working server, I believe it was just a dummy management Solus server because the server said it was booted but never connected to the console. I complained to them and eventually the support adm........
  • Enable SPAMASSASSIN on Postfix in 5 minutes


    Centos 5 Postfix and SPAMASSASSIN Tutorial yum install spamassassin chkconfig spamassassin on vi /etc/mail/spamassassin/local.cf ############## #required_hits 5 #report_safe 0 #rewrite_header Subject [SPAM] #5 is the least restrictive (means only the most obvious SPAM is caught. 0 is obviously the most restrictive/sensitive and would have lots of false positives require........
  • Directadmin DA Install Guide


    yum -y install openssl* gcc-c++ gcc flex g++ make;wget http://www.directadmin.com/setup.sh;chmod +x ./setup.sh;./setup.sh #enable SSL /usr/bin/openssl req -x509 -newkey rsa:1024 -keyout /usr/local/directadmin/conf/cakey.pem -out /usr/local/directadmin/conf/cacert.pem -days 9999 -nodes chown diradmin:diradmin /usr/local/directadmin/conf/cakey.pem chmod 400 /usr/local/directadmin/conf/cakey.pem sed -i "s/SSL=0/SSL=1/g" /usr/local/dire........
  • ls: error while loading shared libraries: libtermcap.so.2: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory solution


    ls ls: error while loading shared libraries: libtermcap.so.2: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory This is not an ldd problem or case of anything missing, this only happened after I upradedUbuntu. declare -x PATH="/home/user/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/games" "/home/user/bin" is the problem! It's weird because I have no idea how it happened.........
  • Linux use XMessage to popup a message in XWindows


    xmessage "Your message here" -display :0 This will popup a window with the message, it would be cool if it allowed two way communication though. I found the info in this post: http://en.andregondim.eti.br/?p=72........
  • Plesk Get List of E-mail Users & Aliases


    When migrating away from Plesk I couldn't figure out an easy way to get a straight list of all e-mails, but here is where I found the solution: http://nakuls77.wordpress.com/2008/08/30/details-of-email-ftp-database-users-from-psa-database/ mysql> SELECT mail.mail_name, accounts.password, domains.name FROM mail, accounts, domains WHERE domains.id=mail.dom_id AND mail.account_id=accounts.id; mysql> SELECT CONCAT(mail.mail_name,’@’,domains.name) AS Em........
  • Amarok won't play songs, keeps skipping to the next


    Amarok won't play songs, keeps skipping to the next Some say install install phonon-backend-xine but it was already installed automatically, obviously that's not the problem or solution. Settings -> Configure Amarok Playback: Configure Phonon Audio Output: Music It should show your different audio interfaces, choose Pulse Audio and move it to the top of the list, do the Apply, OK and manually quit Amarok (remember to close it from the tra........
  • OpenOffice Calc SUM function not working Solution - Result is always 0/apostrophe appears in front of all numbers.


    I right clicked all applicable cells and chose "number" but that's enough. I notice when I click the cell there is an invisible ' in front of the number: '33.64 Calc imported my CSV and decided to add a ' in front of the numeric currency values!!!*Actually the problem occurs when you right click the cells and change the type from text to number, no matter what format you choose. If I change it to be currency i........
  • Thunderbird/MBOX to IMAP/Maildir migration done easy with mb2md


    Convert MBOX Mail files into Maildir using Linux *You need perl an the TimeDate module Get the free Perl script mb2md from the project/author's site: wget http://batleth.sapienti-sat.org/projects/mb2md/mb2md-3.20.pl.gz gunzip mb2md-3.20.pl.gz #remember you need timedate or you'll get this error: ./mb2md-3.20.pl Can't locate........
  • MySQL NEVER delete ib_logfile0 or ibdata1 or you'll lose data


    don't delete /var/lib/mysql/ib_logfile0 or ibdata1 or mysql won't restart I didn't realize they were internal and not part of replication like the relay files! /usr/libexec/mysqld: ready for connections. Version: '4.1.22-log' socket: '/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock' port: 3306 Source distribution 110127 16:31:00 [Note] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Normal shutdown 110127 16:31:00 InnoDB: Starting shutdown...........
  • Postfix/Any Email Server check for Open Relay


    The first thing you need to remember is not to check from the same host/server itself. This is a silly mistake I made, the reason is that many mailservers and especially postfix are configured to allow relaying from the localhost/same host. If you do that you'll get a false positive. *Make sure you test from another host/system than the mail server itself! telnet yourmailserverhost.com 25 220 Courier (FreeBS........
  • sshd[9217]: Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for file /root/.ssh/authorized_keys


    sshd[9217]: Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for file /root/.ssh/authorized_keys I made sure the entire .ssh subdir is owned by the user root (this is root's account); chown -R root.root .ssh chmod 600 .ssh/authorized_keys but it still doesn't work and gives me the same message sshd[7339]: Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for directory /root chmod 700 /root........
  • email server messsages rejected without reverse DNS DNS check failure Client host rejected: cannot find your reverse hostname Cannot resolve PTR record


    Basically you should always be 100% sure that whatever IPyour mail server sends out with has reverse DNS/PTR records. Remember that unless you own your IPs then you won't be able to set your own reverse DNS. Even if you were to create a reverse PTR record on your DNS servers it will be ignored. Reverse DNS is queried to pre-assigned DNS servers of your ISP, so therefore you'll need to contact your ISP/Colo/Hosting provider to do a reverse DNS entry. If you don't have........
  • MySQL Replication/Dual-Master vs Clustering


    Many people aren't aware but recently Dual-Master Replication setups have become increasingly popular. That's because you get similar features and benefits of having a full-blown cluster (difficult to setup and maintain and requires I believe 3 servers just as controllers). With a dual-master you just have a different off-set for the keys and you should be good, but of course there is the chance that at some point replication will halt because of an unexpected or unforseen error........
  • Dovecot Enable SSL/TLS with your certificate


    Dovecot enable SSL (by default it uses an old expired cert if you choose pop3s and imaps as protocols) =================== Create Cert & Key: openssl req -new -x509 -nodes -days 1530 -out server.crt -keyout server.key mkdir /etc/mailssl chmod 700 /etc/mailssl cp server.* /etc/mailssl Edit /etc/dovecot.conf ssl_cert_file = /etc/mailssl/server.crt s........
  • Postfix Enable SSL/TLS with your certificate


    Create Cert & Key: openssl req -new -x509 -nodes -days 1530 -out server.crt -keyout server.key mkdir /etc/mailssl chmod 700 /etc/mailssl cp server.* /etc/mailssl Postfix SSL config Edit /etc/postfix/main.cf: #SSL stuff smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/mailssl/server.crt smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/mailssl/server.key To make smtps w........
  • Understanding /etc/aliases from sendmail when using with postfix or other MTA's


    understanding /etc/aliases *remember to apply changes you need to run "newaliases" after editing /etc/aliases one thing I don't get is that it doesn't allow you to specify the whole e-mail address on the left-hand side eg: yourfullemail@domain.com: someotheremail@domain.com postalias: warning: /etc/aliases, line 109: name must be local (if you try the above) It works more like this: your........
  • named/bind cannot find zone file, load zone files without specifying full directory path/loading master file genuine.com.zone: file not found


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  • tar how to include hidden files such as .htaccess when it doesn't automatically


    tar include hidden files such as .htaccess just add . to the path eg. tar -czvf tarfile.tar.gz /home/directory/.........
  • mysqldump does not include CREATE DATABASE statement


    mysqldump does not include CREATE DATABASE statement you need the --databases option "--databases" is misleading, it implies in the documentation that this is a list of databases to be dumped, it should be clear that uses this command in conjuction with dumping a single database also adds CREATE DATABASE and is the only way to get the database to automatically create itself.........
  • updatedb/mdadm caused a kernel panic?


    Jan 16 04:02:03 centosbox syslogd 1.4.1: restart. Jan 16 04:07:34 centosbox kernel: INFO: task updatedb:20771 blocked for more than 300 seconds. Jan 16 04:07:34 centosbox kernel: "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message. Jan 16 04:07:34 centosbox kernel: updatedb D F78BE050 6476 20771 20766&n........
  • Ubuntu 9.04 Crash


    CPU/Kernel/MB/RAID problem? Jan 5 12:45:05 testbox kernel: [653298.890004] BUG: soft lockup - CPU#0 stuck for 61s! [hal-acl-tool:4168] Jan 5 12:45:05 testbox kernel: [653298.890005] Modules linked in: vmnet vmci vmmon binfmt_misc drbd video output input_polldev ocfs2_stackglue ocfs2_dlmfs ocfs2_dlm ocfs2_nodemanager configfs k8temp hwmon_vid lp snd_hda_intel snd_pcm_oss snd_mixer_oss snd_pcm snd_seq_dummy snd_seq_oss snd_seq_midi snd_rawmidi........
  • VMWare bridged adapter not working: The network bridge on device vmnet0 is not running. The virtual machine will not be able to communicate with the host or with other machines on your network. Failed to connect virtual device Ethernet1.


    VMWare bridged adapter not working: Message from system: The network bridge on device vmnet0 is not running. The virtual machine will not be able to communicate with the host or with other machines on your network. Failed to connect virtual device Ethernet1. I'm not sure how to fix this but one of the issues is that my eth0 became eth1 after moving my hard drives to a new motherboard. I have run the vmware-config.pl but this did not resolve the issue.........
  • Installing Webmin & Enabling SSL


    Webmin Setup Centos 5: wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/webadmin/webmin/1.530/webmin-1.530-1.noarch.rpm?r=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmin.com%2Fstandard.html&ts=1294339690&use_mirror=surfnet [1] 24229 [2] 24230 [root@host ~]# --2011-01-06 21:48:20-- http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/webadmin/webmin/1.530/webmin-1.530-1.noarch.rpm?r=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmin.com%2Fstandard.html Resolving downloads.sourceforge.net... 216.34.181.........
  • Virtualmin/Webmin Postfix Error: The status of your system is being checked to ensure that all enabled features are available, that the mail server is properly configured, and that quotas are active ..


    Virtualmin Postfix Error: The status of your system is being checked to ensure that all enabled features are available, that the mail server is properly configured, and that quotas are active .. A problem was found with your Postfix virtual maps : No map sources were found in the Postfix configuration .. your system is not ready for use by Virtualmin. ........
  • Walmart.ca & Ubuntu Caused Xorg 100% CPU usage


    I can't tell if it's Flash or Javascript that they were using, but it basically caused my sysetm to lockup until I closed that one page. Is this proof enough that Wal-mart is evil?:) I've never seen that before, it's weird how certain things mask themselves as high CPU usage with Xorg, unless it is some kind of weird Xorg problem but I believe it's more of a Flash/Javascript issue from Firefox in Wal-mart's evil scripting.........
  • Dying Seagate 7200.11 SD15


    [137392.910057] ata4.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x1 SErr 0x80000 action 0x6 frozen [137392.910077] ata4: SError: { 10B8B } [137392.910095] ata4.00: cmd 60/20:00:00:00:00/00:00:00:00:00/40 tag 0 ncq 16384 in [137392.910099] res 40/00:00:00:00:00/00:00:00:00:00/00 Emask 0x4 (timeout) [137392.910122] ata4.00: status: { DRDY } [137392.910135] ata4: hard resetting link [137393.440060] ata4: SATA link........
  • rhythmbox & ecryptfs segfault crash


    It seems nearly anything can make rhythmbox crash, I've always found it buggy. This crash seems to be something related to ecryptfs but it's hard to say. After re-opening rhythmbox so it sits in the Gnome panel/tray, and letting it load/find all of my songs let's it work again. If I show it too soon (I wait 10-15 minutes for everything to scan first) then it will crash over and over. [171938.995645] ecryptfs_read_and_validate_header_region: Error........
  • Ubuntu 10.04/GNOME Volume Control Missing From Panel/Indicator Applet


    What this really refers to is gnome-volume-control-applet which is what controls the volume in the panel/indicator applet. In Ubuntu 10.04 it is just the applet mentioned above, run that from the command line and it will start. I lost mine when I removed pulseaudio trying to fix audio issues with Flash and Opera. It also removes the gnome-volume-control-applet from starting. *Ialso note........
  • Ubuntu/Debian DRBD 8.0 Setup Guide


    I've only used it on Centos, soI thought I'd make a quick Debian guide: Install the DRBD Package apt-get install drbd8-utils Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: libswfdec-0.8-0 Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them. The following........
  • VirtualBox Convert Import/Boot .vmdk VMWare Hard Disk/Drive Image Won't Work


    I wanted to Import/Use a .vmdk hard disk image file from VMWare. Generally you can just "point" VirtualBox to it and use it and it will work but I found an exception. One of my Centos 4.4 x64 images wouldn't boot. I had two copies, an older one and the newer one. The older one booted as normal (once I changed the VirtualBox driver to IDE from SATA). The newer one stopped at the "GRUB loading" message no matter what I tried. As far as........
  • bash script count unique/dupllicate lines in a file


    For many reasons you may be dealing with a standard text file and you want to know if there are any duplicate lines: Here's how you do it: cat filename|uniq -c The "uniq -c" program counts how many time each line occurs.........
  • yum in Centos 5/Xen halts and exits suddenly


    yum exits in the middle The problem is this VPS seems to be an OpenVZ template from HyperVM. The only way to make it work was to disable i386 packages since this was an x64 kernel. That shouldn't be necessary but it was the only way to make yum stop quitting after the first package or two. I couldn't find any issue by checking the logs either. echo y|yum install vim-minimal telnet expect jwhois net-tools slocate iptables elinks gawk L........
  • vzquota : (warning) Incorrect quota shutdown for id 2333, recalculating disk usage vzquota : (error) quota check : lstat `sess_a5078fce5f569e453ab1fb39b0fc69f8': No such file or directory vzquota on failed [1]


    first container would not come up: Starting CT 2333: service vz stop OpenVZ is locked [FAILED] 2010-11-29T23:26:23-0800 vzctl : CT 2333 : Starting container ... 2010-11-29T23:37:21-08........
  • yum error with some versions of Centos Refusing to automatically import keys when running unattended. Use "-y" to override.


    Refusing to automatically import keys when running unattended. Use "-y" to override. When using echo y|yum install gcc Fix with rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY*........
  • mdadm RAID 1 adventures


    I separated the 2 drives in the RAID 1 array. 1 is the old one /dev/sda and is out of date, while the separated other one /dev/sdc was in another drive and mounted and used with more data (updated). I wonder how mdadm will handle this: usb-storage: device scan complete md: md127 stopped. md: bind md: md127: raid array is not clean -- starting background reconstruction raid1: raid set md127 active with 1 out of 2 m........
  • WD (Western Digital) Advanced Format Drive Lagged/Slow Speed/Performance/Design Flaw EAD/EARS problem WDC WD20EARS-00S8B1


    Let the numbers speak for themselves, from what I read the Load_Cycle_Count which is very high (more than 500,000/half a million times) is the number of head parks. What a stupid"Green" design and design flaw which will probably mean an early life for the drive. This is almost as silly as Seagate's new reputation for BSY/poor quality disks since the 7200.11 series. To make it worse this is also when Western Digital introduced "Advanced Format" o........
  • EOL for Kubuntu/Ubuntu 8.04 - W: Failed to fetch http://ca.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/intrepid/universe/source/Sources.gz 404 Not Found [IP: 91.189.92.171 80]


    I couldn't figure out whyI couldn't install a simple package. This is what's annoying about cutting edge Debian distros, yes we know you support each license on average for 1-2 years but why take down the supporting binary packages and basically disable the older versions? sudo apt-get install update Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done E: Couldn't find p........
  • Wine stopped working/won't work Solution


    After an upgrade wine wouldn't open anything, not even the pre-installed notepad. There are no wine logs and nothing is mentioned in any standard log file about why. I finally decided to run wine from the shell and see what's going on: wine client error:0: version mismatch 398/402. Your wineserver binary was not upgraded correctly, or you have an older one somewhere in your PATH. Or maybe the wrong wineserver is still running?........
  • Nautilus/GNOME File Manager handy list of extensions


    nautilus-gksu - privilege granting extension for nautilus using gksu nautilus-sendto - integrates Evolution and Pidgin into the Nautilus file manager nautilus-share - Nautilus extension to share folder using Samba nautilus-actions - nautilus extension to configure programs to launch nautilus-bzr - Bazaar (bzr) integration for nautilus nautilus-cd-burner - CD Burning front-end for Nautilus nautilus-clamscan - Antivirus scanning for Nautilus n........
  • PHP CURL SSL won't work or connect


    I spent so much time debugging this, most sites don't tell you a very important option to use with CURL and you will only find out this is the problem by running the PHP script from the command line you get the following output that shows the issue (I don't see any way to get this output from Apache itself). * About to connect() to ip.ip.ip.ip port 25000 * Trying ip.ip.ip.ip... * connected * Connected to ip.ip.ip.ip (ip.ip.ip.ip) port 25000 * succes........
  • NotifyByPopup::slotDBusNotificationClosed: 465 -> 0 knotify(31135) NotifyByPopup::slotDBusNotificationClosed: failed to find knotify id for dbus_id 465


    I keep getting this in my SSH/Bash console: NotifyByPopup::slotDBusNotificationClosed: 465 -> 0  ........
  • Direcatdmin Install AWStats


    cd /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/ scripts]# ./awstats.sh --23:49:28-- http://files.directadmin.com/services/all/awstats/awstats-6.9.tar.gz Resolving files.directadmin.com... 72.35.85.222 Connecting to files.directadmin.com|72.35.85.222|:80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 1125906 (1.1M) [application/x-gzip] Saving to: `/usr/local/directadmin/scripts/packages/awstats-6.9.tar.gz' 100%[=........
  • sed script to automatically update IPs in named/BIND and httpd/Apache


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  • VirtualBox OSE/VBOX Can't Access Shared Folder Solution


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  • Convert HDD/Hard Drive Partition(s) into non-RAID into RAID 1 using existing data without data loss and without reformatting.


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