Debian Ubuntu and Linux Mint Broken Kernel After Date - New Extra Module Naming Convention

This is something I've seen some run into.  Take an old install of Linux Mint 18.1

ii  linux-image-4.4.0-53-generic          4.4.0-53.74                                amd64        Linux kernel image for version 4.4.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP
ii  linux-image-extra-4.4.0-53-generic    4.4.0-53.74                                amd64        Linux kernel extra modules for version 4.4.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP
 

The highlighted linux-image-extra-4.4.0-53-generic is the old naming convention of how we would make "our extra devices work".  Generally it includes extra drivers/kernel modules and for a lot of devices that I use (including often things like display drivers and especially NIC and Wifi cards).  So to be in the Debian/Mint/Buntu world these "extra" modules are not really optional.

Now take a look at a new 4.4.0 kernel if we try to use the same "extra" convention to get those modules:

sudo apt-get install linux-image-extra-4.4.0-150-generic

Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree      
Reading state information... Done
E: Unable to locate package linux-image-extra-4.4.0-150-generic
E: Couldn't find any package by glob 'linux-image-extra-4.4.0-150-generic'
E: Couldn't find any package by regex 'linux-image-extra-4.4.0-150-generic'

It can't find it as we can see above

Let's do a search of all kernel packages for the version 4.4.0-150-generic:

apt-cache search 4.4.0-150
linux-buildinfo-4.4.0-150-generic - Linux kernel buildinfo for version 4.4.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP
linux-buildinfo-4.4.0-150-lowlatency - Linux kernel buildinfo for version 4.4.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP
linux-cloud-tools-4.4.0-150 - Linux kernel version specific cloud tools for version 4.4.0-150
linux-cloud-tools-4.4.0-150-generic - Linux kernel version specific cloud tools for version 4.4.0-150
linux-cloud-tools-4.4.0-150-lowlatency - Linux kernel version specific cloud tools for version 4.4.0-150
linux-headers-4.4.0-150 - Header files related to Linux kernel version 4.4.0
linux-headers-4.4.0-150-generic - Linux kernel headers for version 4.4.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP
linux-headers-4.4.0-150-lowlatency - Linux kernel headers for version 4.4.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP
linux-image-4.4.0-150-generic - Signed kernel image generic
linux-image-4.4.0-150-lowlatency - Signed kernel image lowlatency
linux-image-unsigned-4.4.0-150-generic - Linux kernel image for version 4.4.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP
linux-image-unsigned-4.4.0-150-lowlatency - Linux kernel image for version 4.4.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP
linux-modules-4.4.0-150-generic - Linux kernel extra modules for version 4.4.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP
linux-modules-4.4.0-150-lowlatency - Linux kernel extra modules for version 4.4.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP
linux-modules-extra-4.4.0-150-generic - Linux kernel extra modules for version 4.4.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP
linux-tools-4.4.0-150 - Linux kernel version specific tools for version 4.4.0-150
linux-tools-4.4.0-150-generic - Linux kernel version specific tools for version 4.4.0-150
linux-tools-4.4.0-150-lowlatency - Linux kernel version specific tools for version 4.4.0-150

 

The naming convention has changed and is now modules-extra "linux-modules-extra-4.4.0-150-generic" and this is what we need to install now.

 

sudo apt-get install linux-modules-extra-4.4.0-150-generic
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree      
Reading state information... Done
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  linux-modules-extra-4.4.0-150-generic
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 737 not upgraded.
Need to get 36.6 MB of archives.
After this operation, 156 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 linux-modules-extra-4.4.0-150-generic amd64 4.4.0-150.176 [36.6 MB]
Fetched 36.6 MB in 3s (11.2 MB/s)                                
Selecting previously unselected package linux-modules-extra-4.4.0-150-generic.
(Reading database ... 252360 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../linux-modules-extra-4.4.0-150-generic_4.4.0-150.176_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking linux-modules-extra-4.4.0-150-generic (4.4.0-150.176) ...
Setting up linux-modules-extra-4.4.0-150-generic (4.4.0-150.176) ...
Processing triggers for linux-image-4.4.0-150-generic (4.4.0-150.176) ...
/etc/kernel/postinst.d/dkms:
Error! echo
Your kernel headers for kernel 4.4.0-150-generic cannot be found at
/lib/modules/4.4.0-150-generic/build or /lib/modules/4.4.0-150-generic/source.
Error! echo
Your kernel headers for kernel 4.4.0-150-generic cannot be found at
/lib/modules/4.4.0-150-generic/build or /lib/modules/4.4.0-150-generic/source.
/etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools:
update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-4.4.0-150-generic
Warning: No support for locale: en_CA.utf8
/etc/kernel/postinst.d/zz-update-grub:
Generating grub configuration file ...
Warning: Setting GRUB_TIMEOUT to a non-zero value when GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT is set is no longer supported.
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-150-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.4.0-150-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-53-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.4.0-53-generic
Found memtest86+ image: /memtest86+.elf
Found memtest86+ image: /memtest86+.bin
done


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