• Windows 7, 8, 10, Windows Server 2008, 2012, 2016, 2019 How To AC97 Audio Drivers and Other Unsigned Drivers


    Oops did you get this error trying to install an oldschool driver and think it is hopeless in a new version of Windows? First of all it is almost never a program compatibility issue: ........
  • Migrate Centos 7 from Single HDD to mdadm RAID 10 array:


    Done on Centos 7.3 very important as clearly based on older guides it was a lot easier and more simpler! Hint do not use grub2-install! One huge caveat if you are an oldschool user or sysadmin who has avoided UEFIbooting The normal way will not work here if your Centos was using UEFI. Newer systems use it by default. The easiest way to check is to do an fdisk -l if your sy........
  • Why won't my Linux Mint boot after I manually installed a new kernel?


    Why won't my Linux Mint boot after I manually installed a new kernel? eg. apt-get install linux-image-newerone Do this dpkg -l|grep linux-image|grep extra ii linux-image-extra-3.16.0-38-generic 3.16.0-38.52~14.04.1&nb........
  • Linux Mint/Ubuntu/Debian Nvidia driver becomes slow graphics performance issue


    I've had this issue since Ubuntu 9 and now even on Linux Mint 17 no matter what latest version of the Nvidia proprietary driver that I use. It just becomes slower and slower and only gets better after rebooting or restarting Xorg. Someone here has it as well https://askubuntu.com/questions/822449/graphics-becomes-slow-after-a-while/917886 It's very fru........
  • Linux disable firmware prevents NIC/Ethernet from working phy0 -> rt2x00lib_request_firmware: Error - Failed to request Firmware.


    [ 17.208336] tg3 0000:08:00.0: eth0: Link is up at 1000 Mbps, full duplex [ 17.210194] tg3 0000:08:00.0: eth0: Flow control is on for TX and on for RX [ 76.000065] phy0 -> rt2x00lib_request_firmware: Error - Failed to request Firmware. [ 76.002332] ADDRCONF(NETDEV_CHANGE): eth0: link becomes ready [ 86.736004] eth0: no IPv6 routers present [ 148.960038] phy0 -> rt2x00lib_request_fi........
  • virtio KVM drivers download location


    http://realtechtalk.com/downloads/virtio-win-0.1-74.iso Current Direct stable URL from Fedora: https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Windows_Virtio_Drivers Direct Downoad of Stable Virtio: https://fedorap........
  • OpenVZ mismatched kernel and dev when compiling.


    ./configure ./configure: line 91: cd: /lib/modules/2.6.32-042stab084.25/build: No such file or directory Error: kernel version not found. Please make sure your kernel is configured. dr-xr-xr-x. 4 root root 4096 Feb 21 06:13 .. lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 45 Feb 21 06:13 build -> ../../../usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-042stab084.25 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Feb 12 20........
  • VBox/Virtualbox solution to NS_ERROR_CALL_FAILED error


    VBox/Virtualbox solution to NS_ERROR_CALL_FAILED error This is likely because you have 2D/3D acceleration enabled and your card doesn't support it. Eg. you switched video card drivers or video cards that did support it. The funny thing is that you CANNOT disable those options as they are "greyed" out in the VBox client GUI. The config file has to be manually changed and fixed with these options "accelerate3D="false" accelera........
  • Dell Perci 6/i Firmware Upgrade Guide Tutorial


    One thing to remember is that you need MegaCli to do the flashing. You also need the correct file,I tried at least 2 different Perc 6 firmwares from Dell that kept getting rejected as corrupt by MegaCli(they were really the wrong version). I have an external PCI-E Dell 6 Perc/I butI chose images from the 'Integrated" on motherboard version as it was allI could find. They are different, and below is my first time finding success.........
  • LSI MegaRAID Adventures, Guide and HowTo


    LSi Megaraid At first it was configured as a RAID 0, then I deleted the Virtual Disk Group. I thought both drives would be shown and detected in Linux as sda and sdb but it actually shows nothing. To make them work you have to hit Ctrl+R before the system boots (when prompted) and create a Virtual Disk Group. In my case I created each one as RAID 0 (with a single drive only) as I just wanted JBOD but there is no such option or default in these Dell Pe........
  • package kernel-xen-2.6.18-274.7.1.el5.x86_64 is intended for a x86_64 architecture solution


    package kernel-xen-2.6.18-274.7.1.el5.x86_64 is intended for a x86_64 architecture Linux etc 2.6.18-274.7.1.el5xen #1 SMP Thu Oct 20 17:06:34 EDT 2011 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux As you can see above architecture and kernel is 64-bit but I had to force it to install using "--ignorearch" Solution #rpm --ignorearch -ivh kernel-xen-2.6.18-274.7.1.el5.x86_64.rpm Preparing...&nb........
  • eth0 changed to eth1 or eth2 and the solution to fix it


    If you move your hard drive(s) around to other computers/servers, you'll find that your eth0 keeps getting higher, the first time it will become eth1 and then eth2 etc and even higher if your server has dual or quad NICs. The reason is that udevd basically assigns eth0 tot he first NIC it finds and remembers it, if it encounters a NIC with a differentMAC, it assigns it one higher (eg. eth1). See the example below, I have eth2 now so how doI fix it?........
  • SSH Can't Login/Hang


    Client Log OpenSSH_4.3p2, OpenSSL 0.9.8e-fips-rhel5 01 Jul 2008 debug1: Reading configuration data /etc/ssh/ssh_config debug1: Applying options for * debug1: Connecting to 192.168.1.253 [192.168.1.253] port 22. debug1: Connection established. debug1: permanently_set_uid: 0/0 debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/identity type -1 debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/id_rsa type 1 debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/id_d........
  • kvm cannot boot xen guest using lvm


    This booting error is because the Xen PV guest image uses the Xen kernel, this is not compatible with anything but a host running a Xen kernel. I did a kpartx -av virtual.img and then it created some partitions that showed up in fdisk. I mounted it and did a chroot into it and removed the xen kernel and installed a normal kernel but Xen still shows the same kernel in Grub (only the Xen one). This is strange but it seems like this Xen PV guest has some sort of hidden or........
  • pcnet32: eth0: transmit timed out, status 97fb, resetting - NIC card problem solution


    I've encountered this problem before and I believe it may affect other drivers (I could test but I don't have time). This was happening on my custom Linux system with the pcnet32 driver. pcnet32: eth0: transmit timed out, status 97fb, resetting (and some other kernel module tracing in dmesg) Basically it means the card is connected (it shows connected in full duplex etc.. and recognized if the cable is disconnected too) but no packets can be sent or received........
  • Ubuntu 10 Nvidia Drivers Not Updated After Kernel Update Solution/How-To Manually Rebuild nvidia kernel modules for Ubuntu


    I dread updating the kernel and rebooting to find the Ubuntu graphics aren't working and you have to manually intervene. This is usually because Ubuntu for whatever reason didn't update the drivers you need (eg. the manually compiled Nvidia Kernel driver that MUST be recompiled for each and every kernel update unfortunately). The most common reason may be that "linux-source" hasn't been installed automatically on my system. I tried to manually reinstall the........
  • What's Needed To Fix Linux


    I really am a Linux fan but my comments here may not show it. Although I'm quite familiar with Linux CLI to administer servers, I find Linux GUI OS's like Ubuntu at times very clunky. This is partially because there's no such thing as a "self-made" Linux from scratch where the UIwas designed by a single team. Linux is made up of several different projects that are generally completely separate and this lack of integratiion is a key issue that makes things f........
  • Kernel linux-2.6.39 In file included from drivers/block/cciss.c:1015: include/asm-generic/pci-dma-compat.h: In function `cmd_special_free': drivers/block/cciss.c:196: sorry, unimplemented: inlining failed in call to 'cciss_tag_discard_error_bits': fu


    In file included from drivers/block/cciss.c:1015: include/asm-generic/pci-dma-compat.h: In function `cmd_special_free': drivers/block/cciss.c:196: sorry, unimplemented: inlining failed in call to 'cciss_tag_discard_error_bits': function body not available include/asm-generic/pci-dma-compat.h:25: sorry, unimplemented: called from here make[2]: *** [drivers/block/cciss.o] Error 1 make[1]: *** [drivers/block] Error 2 make: *** [drivers] Error 2........
  • Ubuntu 10.04 Linux is still not ready for the Desktop world


    I am a huge fan of Linux and the idea of OpenSource but I've said it many times, there are still hurdles in today in 2010 for Linux as a Desktop. Linux is still intended for servers at its very core. This can be changed succesfully though, as Apple has shown us with Mac OS X based on FreeBSD. Half of the issue is lack of driver support and the other half is the Linux Kernel and Window Manages, KDE and GNome still both don't cut it (but they're getting closer). I'll........
  • Linux 2.6.33.3 Kernel Error CC drivers/message/fusion/mptsas.o drivers/message/fusion/mptsas.c: In function `mptsas_port_delete': drivers/message/fusion/mptsas.c:106: sorry, unimplemented: inlining failed in call to 'mptsas_set_rphy': function b


    CC drivers/message/fusion/mptsas.o drivers/message/fusion/mptsas.c: In function `mptsas_port_delete': drivers/message/fusion/mptsas.c:106: sorry, unimplemented: inlining failed in call to 'mptsas_set_rphy': function body not available drivers/message/fusion/mptsas.c:462: sorry, unimplemented: called from here make[3]: *** [drivers/message/fusion/mptsas.o] Error 1 make[2]: *** [drivers/message/fusion] Error 2 mak........
  • Linux Kernel Error (2.6.33.1) BUG: Bad page state in process swapper - Keeps rebooting - initramfs bug


    *This is a bug with initramfs support, all kernels after around 2.6.27.54 suffer from this problem. If you try to include initramfs into your kernel (I mean actually building your binaries into the kernel) this will always happen. Obviously some code has changed in recent kernels that is present in all new kernels, it makes it impossible to boot I've tried the latest 2.6.32, 2.6.33, 2.6.34, 2.6.35, 2.6.36, 2.6.37, 2.6.38 kernels and they all do this. I found one bug re........
  • Linux Kernel Compilation (Intel(R) 82575/82576 PCI-Express Gigabit Ethernet support ) Error - drivers/net/igb/igb_main.c: In function `igb_up': make[3]: *** [drivers/net/igb/igb_main.o] Error 1


    Linux Kernel v2.6.30.3 102220 blocks CHK include/linux/version.h CHK include/linux/utsrelease.h SYMLINK include/asm -> include/asm-x86 CALL scripts/checksyscalls.sh CHK include/linux/compile.h CC drivers/net/igb/igb_main.o drivers/net/igb/igb_main.c: In function `igb_up':........
  • Windows Vista sysprep.exe /generalize error "The computer restarted unexpectedly or encountered an unexpected error. Windows installation cannot proceed. To install Windows, click "OK" to restart the computer, and then restart the installation."


    I wanted to disable the "Administrator" account for security purposes and Iread some "guide" on the internet that recommended that we run "C:WindowsSystem32sysprepsysprep.exe /generalize". I also clicked the option for "Generalize" and the computer rebooted and gave some OOBE error and restarted, and now I get the error above no matter what. I read that some drivers such as ones from AVIRA AV can cause this because they're unsign........
  • Writing/Burning a data CD-R/DVD-R or DVD+RW in Unix/Linux


    There's a lot of outdated information and confusion for system administrator's out there. One annoying task for many an Administrator has been backing up data in Linux. You don't need any GUI tools such as K3B or GnomeBaker. Both are excellent tools but for veteran command line users working remotely, using the keyboard is a great and possibly automated way to save yourself pain and hassle. At a later date we'll cover how scripting can automatically backup certain........
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