/ - rtt - IT Resource

  • How to download gajim 0.16.9 XMPP/Jabber client so you can use OMEMO encryption


    #Linux Mint 18.2 how to install gajim .16.9 so you can use OMEMO encryption: sudo apt-get install python-axolotl python-nbxmpp wget https://gajim.org/downloads/0.16/gajim-0.16.9.tar.gz tar -zxvf gajim-0.16.9.tar.gz cd gajim-0.16.9 ./autogen.sh ;make;sudo make install #if you get this error you need to get a newer python-nbxmpp from here: gajim Gajim needs python-nbxmpp >= 0.6.1 to run. Quiting...........
  • HP DL385 G7 Linux BIOS Update Flash


    wget https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe --2018-08-16 05:11:16--  https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe Resolving downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)... 15.249.152.85 Connecting to downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)|15.249.152.85|:443... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 1525561 (1.5........
  • hwloc-nox set CPU affinity in Linux


    sudo apt-get install  hwloc-nox Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree       Reading state information... Done The following NEW packages will be installed:   hwloc-nox 0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 530 not upgraded. Need to get 151 kB of archives. After this operation, 453 kB of additional disk space will be used. Get:1 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubunt........
  • gvfs mount in /run/user cannot be accessed or displayed wrong permissions


    The folder contents could not be displayed Backend currently unmounting drwx------ 10 userhere group  260 Aug 23 19:40 .. ??????????  ? ?   ?      ?            ? sftp:host=192.168.8.80,user=adhoc ls: cannot access 'sftp:host=192.168.8.80,user=adoc': Input/output error $ ps aux|grep fuse one       253........
  • ./xmr-stak: error while loading shared libraries: libmicrohttpd.so.10: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory


    The solution is just to install libmicrohttpd-dev ./xmr-stak ./xmr-stak: error while loading shared libraries: libmicrohttpd.so.10: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory libmicrohttpd libmicrohttpd10 - library embedding HTTP server functionality libmicrohttpd-dbg - library embedding HTTP server functionality (debug) libmicrohttpd-dev - library embedding HTTP server functionality (development) $ sudo apt-get i........
  • Debian Mint Ubuntu compiling xmr-stak


    sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev git build-essential autotools-dev autoconf libcurl3 sudo apt-get install libcurl4-gnutls-dev git clone https://github.com/wolf9466/cpuminer-multi sudo apt-get install cmake  libpthread-* libmicrohttpd-dev libssl-dev libhwloc-dev git clone https://github.com/fireice-uk/xmr-stak-cpu.git make install cd bin chmod +x xmr-stak-cpu ./xmr-stak -O xmr........
  • wodim / cdrecord error cannot burn DVD or BDR .iso Errno: 5 (Input/output error), write_g1 scsi sendcmd: no error


     dvd+rw-mediainfo /dev/sr0 INQUIRY:                [ASUS    ][BW-16D1HT       ][3.00] GET [CURRENT] CONFIGURATION:  Mounted Media:         11h, DVD-R Sequential  Media ID:              RITEKF1  &n........
  • linux mint image convert menu option missing solution


    I already have the caja-image-converter option installed but it shows nothing. Weirdly enough if you install nemo and nautilus converter it does show and work inside caja: The solution is to install *-image-converter sudo apt-get install *-image-converter Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree       Reading state information... Done Note, selecting 'n........
  • Linux How To Eject and Insert a CD-R/DVD-R/BD-R Disc


    Many people are aware of the "eject command" which works as you would expect. To eject the disc: sudo eject /dev/sr0 To insert the disc again you still use the same command but with the "-t" close try toggle: sudo eject -t /dev/sr0  ........
  • How to qemu-kvm enable bridged networking in Debian Ubuntu Linux Mint on KVM containers


    I've read a few guides about this but they didn't work for me. sudo apt-get install bridge-utils #don't think the above is enough it won't work still even though you have by default an /etc/qemu-ifup that handles it if you have the right tools and setup sudo qemu-system-x86_64 -net tap -net nic -enable-kvm -cpu host,vmx=on ~/VirtualBox VMs/vsphere-vcenter/vsphere-vcenter.vdi W: /etc/qemu-ifup: no bridge for guest interface foun........
  • Install NFS (Network File System) On Debian Linux Ubuntu Mint Howto


    sudo apt-get install nfs-kernel-server #oops there are no exports so it won't startsudo /etc/init.d/nfs-kernel-server start * Not starting NFS kernel daemon: no exports. #we will use the /tmp/nfstestshare directory for our NFS share mkdir /tmp/nfstestshare #add it to /etc/exports (basically what NFS checks to determine what to make an NFS share) /tmp/nfstestshare 192.168.1.5(rw,sync,........
  • OpenVPN error ERROR: Cannot ioctl TUNSETIFF tun: Operation not permitted (errno=1)


    This basically means that you are running as non-root and you need to be root to create the tun0 or tap0 device on OpenVPN.  You could try sudo or adding the openvpn binary to the list of sudoers.........
  • not allowed to execute '/usr/bin/apt-get install eclipse' as root linux sudo user permisson issue and solution


    This is most likely to happen on a normal GUI system like Ubuntu or Linux Mint.  If you or the user is meant to have sudo / root privileges it is as simple as editing the following files: Now assume your username is "iamtheuser" vi /etc/group adm:x:4:syslog,iamtheuser sudo:x:27:anotheruser,iamtheuser Find the above lines and add a comma and "ia........
  • Linux Mint Black Screen after boot no graphics solution


    This is not the normal "black screen" issue and I was shocked to eventually find out why.  The normal advice of reconfiguring Xorg didn't work.  Even booting into "Recovery Mode" did not help. Here is the short end of the stick that fixed it: sudo apt-get install mdm mate-desktop-environment Yes you got it right, mdm and the mate-desktop-environment / gnome were somehow uninstalled.  This must be whe........
  • Linux Ubuntu Mint Debian cannot play xvid,x264,mp4 or any videos codec issue - xplayer Could not initialize supporting library.


    In xplayer I get the following error "Could not initialize supporting library.".  It actually looks more like a gstreamer issue. For those wondering what the default video player is called it is "xvid" and not "totem" anymore like previous versions. Basically it looks like some codecs are missing when I uninstalled another program it uninstalled other programs and codecs that it shouldn't have. I've tried installing all the gstre........
  • How To Turn Any .iso file into a bootable USB drive


    This works for almost all ISO's I find (at least Linux based): sudo dd if=CentOS-6.9-x86_64-minimal.iso of=/dev/sdg bs=20M 20+1 records in 20+1 records out 427819008 bytes (428 MB) copied, 118.233 s, 3.6 MB/s   Of course change the .iso filename above and the /dev/sdg to your desired USB drive!........
  • Linux Mint Ubuntu Debian How To Disable Webcam Automatically Onboot To Prevent Spying and Privacy Violations


    It is well known hackers, the NSA, CIA and other groups have created malware to secretly turn on your webcam and microphone on your phone, tv etc.. But fortunately on our computers and laptops we have some options. Most webcams use the "uvcvideo" kernel module / driver.  You can disable this in two ways on boot. I recommend both just as a failsafe.  Disable it on rc.local once your system boots automatically Add the followi........
  • Debian Linux Mint Ubuntu Disable Automatic apt-get update


    sudo chmod 000 /etc/cron.daily/apt-compat   This is the easiest way to disable the cron without anything more invasive like deleting the file. After that you won't have anymore apt-get's starting. This can be critical for systems without much extra RAM that is not in use.  I've seen systems that have swapped and crashed over apt-get.........
  • How To Install Seamonkey Web Browser on Debian Ubuntu Linux Mint


    It's a little tricky if you are running a 64-bit OS which most people will be. The weird thing is that the Seamonkey website for Linux seems to only provide a 32-bit download. seamonkey-2.49.2.tar.bz2 First unpack it tar -jxvf seamonkey-2.49.2.tar.bz2   Try to run it  ./seamonkey XPCOMGlueLoad error for file /home/queenlazina/Downloads/seamonkey/libmozgtk.so: lib........
  • sudo: unable to resolve host


    sudo: unable to resolve host yourhostname No clue why sudo is doing that when running. Solution   Check /etc/hosts You will probably find that it doesn't contain "yourhostname" for 127.0.0.1 Just update the hostname or add a field for your hostname like this: 127.0.0.1 yourhostname  ........
  • Linux input/output error invalid program cannot read data on some CD-Rs and DVD-Rs on ASUS BW-16D1HT


    I've never seen this before in all of my years.  I have some very old CDs and DVDs 12-15 years old that seem not to work in this BD-R/DVD-R/CD-R Asus drive. The discs are fine actually and ironically they even work fine on a normal LG USB based BD-R drive! Here are the errors in Linux: [2914936.884924] attempt to access beyond end of device [2914936.884927] loop1: rw=0, want=730424, limit=688384 [2914954.556873] attempt to........
  • How to start screen in bash script or from /etc/rc.local on startup as a specific user


    It takes some tinkering the main thing is that the "-dmS" flag allows screen to start without a session which of course sudo won't have. solution: /usr/bin/sudo -u user /usr/bin/screen -dmS nameyouchoose /script/start.bash this doesn't work at all: /usr/bin/sudo -u user "/usr/bin/screen /script/s........
  • Linux How To Clone One System Harddrive to another remote system


    The easiest way is to use SSH and DD or a combination of netcat.  SSH will be a little slower due to encryption but is the most secure way (on two older systems the average clone speed is about 40-50MB/s).  This is also OS independent as it doesn't matter what the source OS is because you are literallly cloning the drive so you retain the partition table and settings.   Clone HDD using SSH and DD........
  • Centos How To Update to Glibc 2.14 Plus


    Centos 6 requires GLIBC 2.12 however a lot of new programs you would want to compile may need a newer glibc.  You can't remove the old glibc since the whole OS is based on it but you can install the updated glibc alongside it and do an export pointing to your updated GLIBC. mkdir ~/glibc_install; cd ~/glibc_install wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/glibc/glibc-2.14.tar.gz........
  • How to Update Linux /usr/share/misc/pci.ids


    This works with lspci and if it's outdated may not give you the exact manufacturer and device model. For example take these 3 different RX 580's: 1a:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Device 67df (rev e7) 1b:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Device 67df (rev e7) 1d:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Device 67df (rev e7)   You ca........
  • mdadm how to mount inactive array


    myguy@devbox:~$ sudo mdadm -As myguy@devbox:~$ cat /proc/mdstat |grep sdf md125 : inactive sdf3[2](S) sudo mdadm --manage /dev/md125 --run mdadm: started /dev/md125  ........
  • Linux Unable to mount cifs/smb share in /etc/fstab


    sudo mount -a Unable to find suitable address. [35758.706993] CIFS VFS: Error connecting to socket. Aborting operation. [35758.707247] CIFS VFS: cifs_mount failed w/return code = -111 [35795.476160] CIFS VFS: Error connecting to socket. Aborting operation. [35795.476346] CIFS VFS: cifs_mount failed w/return code = -111 When the above happens "Unable eto find suitable address" it usually means the smb nam........
  • ecryptfs how to mount or recover from a backup


    The easiest way to recover or mount an off-line ecryptfs directory is the built-in command from ecryptfs sudo ecryptfs-recover-private It will find your wrapped passphrase and ask for your password and mount it in tmp. Much easier especially when your current active OS is using ecryptfs too. This a fantastic tool when going through old backups.........
  • Ubuntu Linux Mint How To Exclude Stop Package from being Upgraded or Installed


    In Debian/Ubuntu this is called "holding". To hold/exclude a package from being installed or upgraded: sudo apt-mark hold packagename To allow the upgrade/installation unhold: sudo apt-mark unhold packagename........
  • How to backup entire computer Linux Mint Ubuntu with tar


     sudo tar --ignore-failed-read  -czvf mycomputer-backup.tar.gz --exclude=/home/otheruser/* --exclude=/proc/* --exclude=/sys/* / Note the --exclude clauses and modify/add according to your needs........
  • tar how to ignore failed reads and not exit


    This is an important feature a failed read can genuinely occur if a temporary file has been removed or if you try backing up a sysetm file in /proc /sys (which you shouldn't really anyway). The way to fix this is the following switch: --ignore-failed-read   Example: sudo tar --ignore-failed-read  -czvf mycomputer-backup.tar.gz --exclude=/home/otheruser/* --exclude=/proc/* --e........
  • kdenlive titles/text renders as white screen when using .sh script


    When using the .sh script the rendering doesn't work after an upgrade of related packages to kdenlive.   kdenlive (kdenlive:amd64 (4:17.04.1+git201705191233~ubuntu16.04.1)) with affine or composite transitions was fine but is now broken during the time of transition it is just a white screen. The previous version was fine: kdenlive:amd64 (4:17.04.1+git201705191233~ubuntu16.04.1 But now I can't find it or install it:........
  • [1035724.274610] [drm:intel_pipe_update_end [i915_bpo]] *ERROR* Atomic update failure on pipe A (start=62076478 end=62076479) time 102 us, min 894, max 899, scanline start 893, end 900 W: Possible missing firmware /lib/firmware/i915/kbl_dmc_ver1.bin


    [1035724.274610] [drm:intel_pipe_update_end [i915_bpo]] *ERROR* Atomic update failure on pipe A (start=62076478 end=62076479) time 102 us, min 894, max 899, scanline start 893, end 900 W: Possible missing firmware /lib/firmware/i915/kbl_dmc_ver1.bin for module i915_bpo   I've been getting those errors on a J3455 NUC box with the latest kernel on Linux Mint 18.2.  When updating the initramfs I also got the error about the firmware........
  • /usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lboost_system-mt-s /usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lboost_filesystem-mt-s /usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lboost_program_options-mt-s /usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lboost_thread-mt-s collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status make: *** [cag


    cagecoin linux compile: sudo apt-get install qt4-qmake libqt4-dev build-essential libboost-dev libboost-system-dev         libboost-filesystem-dev libboost-program-options-dev libboost-thread-dev         libssl-dev libdb++-dev libminiupnpc-dev Solution:  sed -i s/"BOOST_LIB_SUFFIX=-mt-s"/"#BOOST_LIB_SU........
  • Wine uninstalled broken on Linux Mint


    Solution: Aptitude is very smart and fixed the issues it was because of nvidia cuda and opencl and nothing else suggested or hinted this using apt sudo aptitude install wine The following NEW packages will be installed:   ocl-icd-libopencl1{ab} ocl-icd-libopencl1:i386{ab} wine wine1.6   wine1.6-amd64{a} wine1.6-i386:i386{a} The following packages will be REMOVED:........
  • ffmpeg Unable to Use Hardware Encoding with Nvidia 3.40 Driver and GT210 card


    I believe from what I've read that this card's driver doesn't support the features after trying all known troubleshooting methods. ffmpeg -i uservideoRendered.mp4 -filter:v hwupload_cuda,scale_npp=w=1920:h=1080:format=nv12:interp_algo=lanczos,hwdownload -c:v hevc_nvenc -profile main -preset slow -rc vbr_hq -c:a copy uservideoRendered.mp4-test ffmpeg -i uservideoRendered.mp4 -filter:v hwupload_cuda,scale_npp=w=1920:h=1080:format=nv12:interp_algo=lanczos,hwdownload........
  • How to change reserved blocks in Linux partition


    user@box:~$ sudo tune2fs -l /dev/md99 [sudo] password for user: tune2fs 1.42.9 (4-Feb-2014) Filesystem volume name:   <nuser> Last mounted on:          /mnt/md50 Filesystem UUID:          976a8655-2619-4587-878c-dab07f7b7652 Filesystem magic number:  0xEF53 Filesystem revision #:    1 (dynamic) Fi........
  • Reading package lists... Done W: GPG error: http://ppa.launchpad.net trusty InRelease: The following signatures couldn't be verified because the public key is not available: NO_PUBKEY D46F45428842CE5E


    Still looking for the solution Working Solution 2017/07 sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys D46F45428842CE5E Solution gpg --keyserver hkp://subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys D46F45428842CE5E gpg: requesting key 8842CE5E from hkp server subkeys.pgp.net gpg: keyserver timed out gpg: keyserver........
  • USB 3.0 External HDD Enclosure Seagate UAS problems - [sdd] tag#1 CDB: Write(16) 8a 00 00 00 00 01 70 04 08 68 00 00 00 08 00 00


      This is a 8TB Seagate external USB 3.0 device apparently newer kernels use a module called "UAS" instead of "USB Storage" which causes issues as a lot of devices are not properly supported in UAS mode by the kernel driver.  The solution some say is to disable UAS specifically for your USB device but I'd rather just disable UAS altogether.   Solution blacklist UAS: *do not do this it does not work and just causes your USB 3.0........
  • USB 3.0 PCI x1 Card Review VIA VL805 on Linux Review and Experience


              This is a VIA made VL805 USB 3.0 Chipset with 4-ports and MOLEX powered.  First of all this unit was cheap at about only 9 USD with fast shipping.  My biggest concern was if this was a quality unit and would it really give you full USB 3.0 speeds (some people reported with similar cards that for some weird r........
  • rsync run as root sudo without password


    This is a common issue, what if a issue shouldn't have root but you want to use that user to make a full backup of a system?  They of course need root access. You can actually just give them passwordless sudo access to rsync in /etc/sudoers: sudo vi /etc/sudoers yourusername ALL = NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/rsync   Here is how you would execute rsync: The key thing for the remote host is to........
  • Why won't my Linux Mint boot after I manually installed a new kernel?


    Why won't my Linux Mint boot after I manually installed a new kernel? eg. apt-get install linux-image-newerone Do this   dpkg -l|grep linux-image|grep extra ii  linux-image-extra-3.16.0-38-generic                         3.16.0-38.52~14.04.1     &nb........
  • Linux Mint Intel Screen Tearing Horizontal Line Solution Fix


    sudo mkdir -p /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/ sudo vi /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf   Type "i" and enter the following: Section "Device"   Identifier      "Intel Graphics"   Driver          "intel"   Option          &........
  • Track 01: 34 of 1726 MB written (fifo 100%) [buf 99%] 3.6x.Errno: 5 (Input/output error), write_g1 scsi sendcmd: cmd timeout after 1.897 (40) s CDB: 2A 00 00 00 44 A9 00 00 1F 00 resid: 6144 cmd finished after 1.897s timeout 40s write track da


    These errors believe it or not are simply because of not being the root user or running with sudo! However if you didn't know to try as root you'd think there was a problem with your burner or disc  Essentially it looks like without root you cannot send the required scsi commands to continue writing.  I think cdrecord should have built-in tests or safeguards to see if it has the permissions to run the required commands. I guess for more advanced users the idea is simila........
  • Linux Mint missing ffmpeg solution to install from Ubuntu PPA


    This is very annoying that ffmpeg is missing from Linux Mint!  They have ffmpeg2theora which is a totally different codec and does not work as ffmpeg does at all (it is basically totally different). However on Linux Mint 17 I was able to use a Ubuntu PPA and sucessfully install ffmpeg! https://launchpad.net/~mc3man/+archive/ubuntu/trusty-media Adding this PPA to your system........
  • ubuntu Linux colour dropper picker


    gpick is a great and simple tool now that I now how to use it sudo apt-get install gpick The trick is to find "the swatch" I was in a rush and was frustrated that it wouldn't work how I expected and I had to memorize the hex code of the color my mouse was over. There is something it tells you to do which is "Click on the swatch area" (click onthe honeycomb graphic area that is the s........
  • Unable to mount location Failed to retrieve share list from server: No such file or directory solution


    Cannot even "Browse Network" when clicking on "Windows Network" Unable to mount location Failed to retrieve share list from server: No such file or directory logs: [2017/02/14 00:16:44.271314,  0] ../source3/nmbd/nmbd.c:58(terminate)   Got SIGTERM: going down... [2017/02/13 17:35:41.797944,  0] ../lib/util/become_daemon.c:124(daemon_ready) &........
  • mdadm how to make inactive array active


    This happens when you assemble array it doesn't mean it will be active for many reasons: md20 : inactive sdf1[2](S)       732442488 blocks super 1.2 Solution:  sudo mdadm --manage /dev/md20  --run........
  • remove gpt partition linux


    sudo fdisk /dev/sdh WARNING: GPT (GUID Partition Table) detected on '/dev/sdh'! The util fdisk doesn't support GPT. Use GNU Parted. WARNING: The size of this disk is 8.0 TB (8001563221504 bytes). DOS partition table format can not be used on drives for volumes larger than (2199023255040 bytes) for 512-byte sectors. Use parted(1) and GUID partition table format (GPT). The device presents a l........
  • How to Normalize and Increase the Volume on M4A files in Linux


    M4A is a weird format, so you have to be creative here is a quick copy of what I did.  Basically you need to convert to .wav to make use of them and then I converted the resulting .wav into an mp3 (nice small file size and basically universally playable):   =======   sudo apt-get install mpg321 mp3gain faad normalize lame  faad "Voice 002 (copy).m4a" faad "Voice 002 (copy).m4a"........
  • Mint/Ubuntu/Debian error twisted/test/raiser.c:4:20: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory #include Python.h


    Simple solution install python-dev sudo apt-get install python-dev libyaml-dev libpam-dev........
  • SAS2008 LSI 9200-E Linux Upgrade Flash Firmware with sas2flash


    Download from here http://www.avagotech.com/products/server-storage/host-bus-adapters/sas-9200-8e#downloads   sudo Installer_P20_for_Linux/sas2flash_linux_i686_x86-64_rel/sas2flash -listall LSI Corporation SAS2 Flash Utility Version 20.00.00.00 (2014.09.18) Copyright (c) 2008-2014 LSI Corporation. All rights reserved   &nbs........
  • Linux Mint/Ubuntu/Debian Dual NICs networks problem when enabling and disabling one device


    The Scenario You have dual NICs and you disable NIC1 which uses 192.168.1.1 as its gateway.  With NIC2 you enable it/connect it to another network which also has the gateway 192.168.1.1 Everything will work fine at this point. When switching back to NIC1 even with NIC2 disabled and even unplugged, the OS basically can't pick up the new/updated ARP entry of the old device for 192.168.1.1 and perhaps thinks it is a security risk or spoof of some sorts and blocks i........
  • Avocent 8020 KVM Java Icedtea Viewer


    It seems every other updated version of Java or Icedtea breaks things and I will save the frustration of Java for another post. *If you get the icedteaweb window but nothing loads or prompts it is probably your security settings that won't even prompt to run it.   See this article to solve that problem. To fix this error you need to edit the java.security file m........
  • Cannot get mono to work properly on Linux Mint


      mono/wine not working in Ubuntu/Linux Mint/Debian: The assembly mscorlib.dll was not found or could not be loaded. It should have been installed in the `/usr/lib/mono/2.0/mscorlib.dll' directory.   solution: sudo apt-get install mono-complete      Problems: mono does not work well for even simple things like a Winrar self extracting .exe fi........
  • Virtualbox errors on Ubuntu/Debian/Mint


      The solution was to reinstall the vbox dkms package and do a manual modprobe of the modules it makes. I never sorted out the unable to start due to the USB issue, I did have the guest additions installed but the only way to boot was to change the pointing device from USB to PS2 and then to disable the USB controller (if your pointing device is set as USB, disabling USB will not work because it will re-enable by default when it sees your pointing device is USB, this is w........
  • How To Install Linux Mint 17.2 on mdadm RAID with a separate boot partition


    I was surprised to see that Linux Mint at the latest 17.2 version still has NO mdadm installer option, and worse the installer will not be able to create a proper booting environment even when you do install it. How to setup mdadm in Linux mint LiveCD sudo su apt-get install mdadm # partition as you need and then create your mdadm devices # create your SWAP md0 mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sda1 /d........
  • Linux sudo config sudoers to run command without a password howto


    Before reading on remember to put the line at the bottom of /etc/sudoers as from experience what happen is that other rules cancel out what you have added. If your sudoers setup is correct it will work immediately upon saving without requiring a reboot. Edit /etc/sudoers yourusername    ALL = NOPASSWD: /path/to/command *Once again remember the above should be on the bottom of the sudoers file or........
  • clamav freshclam out of date won't update solution


     freshclam ERROR: Can't open /var/log/clamav/freshclam.log in append mode (check permissions!). ERROR: Problem with internal logger (UpdateLogFile = /var/log/clamav/freshclam.log). Tue Oct 13 13:49:35 2015 -> WARNING: Incremental update failed, trying to download daily.cvd Tue Oct 13 13:49:35 2015 -> WARNING: Can't download daily.cvd from db.local.clamav.net Tue Oct 13 13:49:35 2015 -> Trying again in 5 secs...........
  • Installing zoneminder on Ubuntu/Debian Linux Howto


    sudo apt-get install zoneminder [sudo] password for one: Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree       Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:   libuser-perl python-evince kdebase-apps kwrite unixodbc   libgnomeprint2.2-data python-soappy vgabios python-metacity hddtemp   python-mediaprof........
  • Vbox/Virtualbox devices grayed out for non-root user solution


    <p>It is a permissions issue that is hard to fix.</p> <p><strong>All but one USB device is greyed out.</strong></p> <p>I am already a member of &quot;vboxusers&quot;</p> <ul> <li>I have already enabled and disabled USB support for the guest.</li> <li>I have already reinstalled the latest VBOx guest editions</li> <li>If running as root it all works fine</li> <li>Changing........
  • How to update Open Office in Ubuntu/Debian if your repository is outdated or no longer supported


    http://sourceforge.net/projects/apacheoo-deb/files/debian/dists/wheezy/main/binary-i386/ To install AOO on your computer, you need to add the following entry to the /etc/apt/sources.list file: deb http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/apacheoo-deb/debian wheezy main sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install openoffice-en* openoffice-brand-writer openoffice-brand-calc openoffice-brand-impress openoffice-brand-base open........
  • Setting Ulimit


    I never found a solution to do it live (nothing worked that I found) so it looks like a relogin is required. Check your maximum file limit  cat /proc/sys/fs/file-max 824460   This is different than your actual's user limit which you'll see below ulimit -n 1024 Try and set it higher but it won't work ulimit -n 65000........
  • Linux Ubuntu Debian Howto Manually Update/Install Thunderbird


    wget http://download-location sudo tar xjvf thunderbird-24.2.0.tar.bz2 -C /opt ln -s /opt/thunderbird/thunderbird /usr/bin/thunderbird [sudo] password for one: ln: creating symbolic link `/usr/bin/thunderbird': File exists sudo rm /usr/bin/thunderbird ln -s /opt/thunderbird/thunderbird /usr/bin/thunderbird The above is how I did it, if you don't do it properly you'll find that you are still using the old version (........
  • Linux Ubuntu Debian Howto Manually Update/Install Firefox


    wget http://download-location mv /usr/bin/firefox /usr/bin/firefox-old sudo tar xjvf firefox-26.0.tar.bz2 -C /opt ln -s /opt/firefox/firefox /usr/bin/firefox The above is how I did it, if you don't do it properly you'll find that you are still using the old version (so verify in About that it is the new version).  I've verified the above method works perfectly, it's great if you're using an older version of Linux and need to update the most........
  • Failed to load VMMR0.r0 (VERR_SUPLIB_OWNER_NOT_ROOT)


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  • openssh-server has no installation candidate Debian/Ubuntu Solution


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  • Ubuntu/Debian how to update FlashPlayer manually


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  • Linux Bash grep howto find line number that contains the result


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  • Linux Howto Mount CD/DVD drive for sharing for other users


    sudo mount -o user /dev/sr0 cd You need the "user" option otherwise non-root or non-owners cannot view the CD and this would make it so no anonymous access to the CD/DVD mount would work.  Note that most distributions including Ubuntu DO NOT work unless you manually mount and share as shown above (I couldn't find any other way in Ubuntu).........
  • sudo: sorry, you must have a tty to run sudo solution


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  • Execute Local Bash Scripts remotely by SSH


    for ip in `cat fixlist.txt`; do sudo -u apache ssh root@$ip "`cat iptablesrules.sh`" done In the above example we are going to execute the commands within the local file "iptablesrules.sh" on all the machines in "fixlist.txt".  This is a great way of performing server maintenance in a clustered or cloud environment.........
  • Ubuntu Download Packages/Updates for EOL Unsupported Old Releases


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  • WD 20EARX Dead Again


    Another new drive bad from the start:   Jun  2 15:14:18 one-desktop kernel: [15895.386779] ata2.00: exception Emask 0x50 SAct 0x1 SErr 0x280900 action 0x6 frozen Jun  2 15:14:18 one-desktop kernel: [15895.386782] ata2.00: irq_stat 0x08000000, interface fatal error Jun  2 15:14:18 one-desktop kernel: [15895.386784] ata2: SError: { UnrecovData HostInt 10B8B BadCRC } Jun  2 15:14:18 one-desktop kernel: [15895.386788] ata2.00: cmd 60/0........
  • Either the lower file is not in a valid eCryptfs format, or the key could not be retrieved. Plaintext passthrough mode is not enabled; returning -EIO


    I'm using ecryptfs and was suddenly unable to access or even ls my home directory (but every subfolder is accessible).  It just hangs and throws this message in messages/dmesg: Either the lower file is not in a valid eCryptfs format, or the key could not be retrieved. Plaintext passthrough mode is not enabled; returning -EIO I read somewhere that perhaps some file or folder is owned by root somehow, sure enough there are some and sudoing to root allows me to........
  • Bad Hard Drive Slows Down Computer


    Here's a proven example of what a bad hard drive can do, it was technically functioning OK in a RAID array but the system became extremely low and the load become high and IOWAIT was even higher and I always thought it was a bad application.  The truth is that this failing 1TB Hitachi has slowly gotten worse and caused huge slowdowns, (eg. 100% load on Thunderbird waiting for e-mails to load etc..).  After swapping it out, tabs change instantly, emails are not lagged, and........
  • Ubuntu 10 Nvidia Drivers Not Updated After Kernel Update Solution/How-To Manually Rebuild nvidia kernel modules for Ubuntu


    I dread updating the kernel and rebooting to find the Ubuntu graphics aren't working and you have to manually intervene.   This is usually because Ubuntu for whatever reason didn't update the drivers you need (eg. the manually compiled Nvidia Kernel driver that MUST be recompiled for each and every kernel update unfortunately). The most common reason may be that "linux-source" hasn't been installed automatically on my system.  I tried to manually reinstall the........
  • Install Android SDK and start testing on Debian/Ubuntu: How To Guide/Tutorial


    Visit http://linux.softpedia.com/get/Programming/Interpreters/Android-32340.shtml Basically copy and paste all of that below and you'll have installed and started the Android SDK before you know it. wget http://dl.google.com/android/android-sdk_r12-linux_x86.tgz sudo apt-get install openjdk-6-jre openjdk-6-lib openjdk-6-jre-headless tar -xvf android-sdk_r12-linux_x86.tgz cd android-sdk-linux_x86/tools ./android........
  • samba/smbd connection to share problems and solutions


    I'll start by showing some problems in the logs: [2011/08/07 16:22:06,  0] param/loadparm.c:8569(process_usershare_file)   process_usershare_file: stat of /var/lib/samba/usershares/movie failed. Permission denied [2011/08/07 16:22:06,  1] smbd/service.c:676(make_connection_snum)   create_connection_server_info failed: NT_STATUS_ACCESS_DENIED That means you don't have permission to access the fi........
  • vnstat setup guide/tutorial


    yum -y install vnstat chown nobody.nobody -R /var/lib/vnstat/ #replace venet0 below with your desired interface sudo -u nobody vnstat -u -i venet0 #edit: vi /etc/sysconfig/vnstat #VNSTAT_OPTIONS="-i venet0" # only use the sed below if you are using venet0 instead of eth0 or replace accordingly sed -i 's/eth0/venet0/g' /etc/sysconfig/vnstat   [root@monitor]# yum install vn........
  • Virtualbox - Failed to open a session for the virtual machine XP. AMD-V is being used by another hypervisor. (VERR_SVM_IN_USE). - Solution


    Failed to open a session for the virtual machine XP. AMD-V is being used by another hypervisor. (VERR_SVM_IN_USE). VirtualBox can't enable the AMD-V extension. Please disable the KVM kernel extension, recompile your kernel and reboot (VERR_SVM_IN_USE) Solution - Unload KVM module (you can't use two hardware virtualization suites at once) sudo rmmod kvm_amd kvm........
  • mdadm/md-check how to check array integrity without rebuilding


    This doesn't seem to be widely known (maybe it's in some documentation that none of us read though) but there's an easy way to check the integrity of any mdadm array: sudo echo check > /sys/block/md0/md/sync_action -bash: /sys/block/md0/md/sync_action: Permission denied sudo will never work, this only works as root since echo is not actually a binary/command.  It is built-into bash. /sys/devices/virtu........
  • rsync preserve attributes, permissions/ownership and times without being root non-root user


    One of the purposes of rsync is to backup whole filesystems and archive them but how can you do that properly and restore things to normal if all permissions and ownerships are not preserved from your root filesystem? It's not desirable to have everything running as root, especially not just for an rsync. The Easy rsync preserve permission solution for non-root users sudo is the answer and all you have to do is edit /etc/sudoers At the end o........
  • VMWare Server cannot connect to web interface SSL Handshake on client connection failed: SSL Exception


    VMWare log: /var/log/vmware/hostd.log SSL Handshake on client connection failed: SSL Exception sudo /etc/init.d/vmware-mgmt restart Stopping VMware management services:    VMware Virtual Infrastructure Web Access    VMware Server Host Agent                          &nb........
  • Ubuntu 10.04/GRUB2 mdadm won't boot


    Moving to RAID was a pain. What you have to do is the following from an existing install: Install mdadm Create your mdadm RAID 1 array on your spare hard drive. Start it with the missing disk. rsync the entire contents of your current / to the md partition. Here's a good way of doing it: rsync -Pha --exclude=/proc/* --exclude=/sys/* --exclude=/mnt/* /. /mnt/md2........
  • EOL for Kubuntu/Ubuntu 8.04 - W: Failed to fetch http://ca.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/intrepid/universe/source/Sources.gz 404 Not Found [IP: 91.189.92.171 80]


    I couldn't figure out why I couldn't install a simple package.  This is what's annoying about cutting edge Debian distros, yes we know you support each license on average for 1-2 years but why take down the supporting binary packages and basically disable the older versions? sudo apt-get install update Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree       Reading state information... Done E: Couldn't find p........
  • Wine stopped working/won't work Solution


    After an upgrade wine wouldn't open anything, not even the pre-installed notepad. There are no wine logs and nothing is mentioned in any standard log file about why. I finally decided to run wine from the shell and see what's going on: wine client error:0: version mismatch 398/402. Your wineserver binary was not upgraded correctly, or you have an older one somewhere in your PATH. Or maybe the wrong wineserver is still running?........
  • Nautilus/GNOME/Ubuntu File Manager not applying appearance style/changes


    I thought it was a GNOME problem because no matter what styles I applied Nautilus wouldn't change, but it was only Nautilus that wouldn't change/update anymore so I should have known. The only fix/solution I knew of other than rebooting is the following: sudo killall nautilus I tried closing all instances of nautilus that were visible and it had no effect. And another thing to remember is that only will appearances/styles/themes not apply to N........
  • Buffer I/O error on device fd0, logical block 0


    Virtually no system has a floppy disk drive anymore but you will often find your Linux distribution insists that you do or should have one :) The solution is to remove the floppy module and prevent it from loading on the next reboot. rmmod floppy Centos/RHEL echo "blacklist floppy" >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist Debian/Ubuntu sudo echo "blackli........
  • email2fax and Asterisk to do eFaxing


    It's basically free bash shell script available from: http://wpkg.org/email2fax/index.php/Main_Page Make sure you have the required tools: libtiff ghostscript mpack/munpack Where you can e-mail your Asterisk box and it will fax it to the phone number in the subject line.  The good news ends there, it is fairly undocumented and buggy. Take for example how the documentation mentions you can invoke from the com........
  • PHP cannot access /usr/bin/openssl


    PHP cannot access /usr/bin/opensslI have verified the username that runs the process is able to access /usr/bin/openssl and it does exist but the PHP script is saying it doesn't exist: [code:1:1fd0f3abbe] if (!file_exists($OPENSSL)) { //echo "ERROR: OPENSSL $OPENSSL not foundn"; }[/code:1:1fd0f3abbe] I don't get itI can clearly see the contents of /usr/bin by using the PHP system fu........
  • sudo: Error dropping capabilities, aborting in Linux Centos 5.3


    For some reason I keep getting this error when trying to run a sudo command eg: sudo -u someuser somecommand sudo: Error dropping capabilities, aborting My version of sudo is: sudo-1.6.9p17-3.el5_3.1 and I've heard that version 1.7 fixes everything.  The only thing is yum does not think sudo has any update.  I guess the new version has not been committed to the RPM repository yet. This is really a huge and ann........
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