This likely works for even older versions but I have only tested on 8,9,10 (11,12). It's quite impressive at how easy it is to upgrade from a very old version to the new version. I would say that Debian version upgrades are some of the quickest and smoothest of any distro.
1.) Backup your /etc/apt/sources.list
cp /etc/apt/sources.list ~
#Get your keys first, you need the latest keys for Debian 11 or it won't work:........
Virtualbox is a very powerful tool, but for some use cases it is less than optimal.
Say you are in a work, lab or other environment where you are not alone on the physical network and there could be overlap of IPs, but you need all of your VMs to be contactable from your host, VMs need to communicate with each other, and VMs need internet.
NAT Network will give you VM to VM communication and internet, however, it is buggy and unstable. It also doesn't allow host to VM co........
Are you new to the company, datacenter or a third party who is responsible for deploying a fleet of servers from scratch.
The first step is to normally login to the KVM so you can perhaps manually reinstall, PXE boot the Cloud Image or reimage/reinstall an OS but you need access to the KVM/IP or what Dell calls iDRAC.
It's common that you may have forgotten this information or that another employee or colleague has changed the info and did not tell you, that they have left the........
Index 1 Feature: ipbasek9
Period left: Life time
License Type: Permanent
License State: Active, In Use
License Count: Non-Counted
1.) Make sure your conf register is 0x2102
Do show version and at the very end of the output you will see the Configuration register.
Configuration register is 0x2102
If the config register is not 0x2102 then enter this command:
2.) Let's Erase the NVRAM/flash........
I've seen this bizarrely happen on a newly partitioned and custom installed Linux install, particularly if you did not properly unmount before rebooting.
You can find reports of it happening on various
How to fix the error: invalid arch-independent ELF magic.
You need to boot into Live/Rescue mode, chroot into your OS properly and then do a grub-install on each drive that nee........
NetworkManager is normally good for GUI users who may not be good with manually confguring devices, but if you are using things like bridging and bonding, it will often break things.
How To Disable NetworkManager
systemctl disable NetworkManager
Now that it's disabled you will need to stop NetworkManager. NetworkManager will still be running until you reboot next or manually stop it.
How To Stop NetworkManager
Linux Mint offers an easy and painless upgrade path through the last 3 versions, which means no more reinstalling to stay current with the latest version.
The only catch is that you need the latest of each version, so for 18, you need 18.3 before you can go to 19, and then 19.3 (or latest), until you go to 20. However, it's really a small price to pay and on the machines we've tested, the upgrade went seamlessly each time (although sometimes video drivers/custom kernel modules l........
Bonding is an excellent way to get both increased redundancy and throughput. It is similar to the "Network Teaming" feature in Windows.
There are a few different modes but we will use mode 6, I think it's the best of both worlds, as it is not just a failover, but it provides round robin, so you will get redundancy and load balancing. So if you have a 1G single port, you will have a combined throughput of 4G at this point. Just bear in mind that the true thr........
This can be used on almost anything, since Gluster is a userspace tool, based on FUSE. This means that all Gluster appears as to any application is just a directory.
Applications don't need specific support for Gluster, so long as you can tell the application to use a certain directory for storage.
One application can be for redundant and scaled storage, including for within Docker and Kubernetes, LXC, Proxmox, OpenStack, etc or just your image/web/video files or even da........
(firefox:9562): LIBDBUSMENU-GLIB-WARNING **: Unable to get session bus: Failed to execute child process "dbus-launch" (No such file or directory)
ExceptionHandler::GenerateDump cloned child 9743
ExceptionHandler::WaitForContinueSignal waiting for continue signal...
ExceptionHandler::SendContinueSignalToChild sent continue signal to child
[Parent 9562, Gecko_IOThread] WARNING: pipe error (40): Connection reset by peer: file /build/firefox-EymEXX/fire........
For a lot of reasons, it may be convenient to detach or attach live disks to a running VM without having to reboot it. Sure, you can use some network based storage, but when performance counts, attaching a new virtual disk will usually give you better throughput and lower latency in a quick testing situation.
This doesn't work, why not?
drive_add 0 if=virtio,file=/tmp/vm.qcow2,if=virtio,format=qcow2,id=rtt
It is common that you may get access to undocumented equipment and need to reset the password. This applies to many Cisco routers whether 2600, 2900, 3900 etc...
Cisco's Guide says to hit Ctrl +Pause/Break but if it doesn't work on some devices causing people to say "cisco password reset pause break does not work", you can see Cisco's alternative key combinations here:........
If you are using the stock 5.4 kernel this is normal but I can confirm it is fixed in newer 5.8 kernels.
To fix it just install the 5.8 kernel and reboot:
sudo apt install linux-headers-5.8.0-64-generic linux-modules-extra-5.8.0-64-generic linux-image-5.8.0-64-generic........
Enable "cli" mode equivalent in JunOS
So rather than going to the console on a Cisco switch and typing "enable" and then "conf t", the equivalent in JunOS is "cli" and "configure".
How Do You Apply Changes You've Made?
You can make all kinds of changes to the switch, but remember they are not........
Traditionally kernels were numbered starting from 0 but by default the "new style" of grub boot loading considers each subkernel item to be different so if you have 3 entries for 4.40-148 rather than counting for 1.
To get the expected behavior let's show this example and how we can boot it
We do a grep on menuentry in /boot/grub/grub.cfg to see all of the bootable kernels rather than scrolling through loads of extra entries we don't care about (thou........
Most newer distros inexplicably cause your NIC to have what Icall "random" non-standard name conventions because of systemd.
This is a big problem for many people and especially those running servers. Imagine that you have a static IPconfigured for ens33 but then the hard disk is moved to a newer system, the NIC could be anything from ens33 to enp0s1, meaning that manual intervention is required to go and update the NIC config file (eg. /etc/network/interfa........
mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level 1 --raid-devices 2 /dev/sdb1 missing --metadata=0.90
mdadm: super0.90 cannot open /dev/sdb1: Device or resource busy
mdadm: /dev/sdb1 is not suitable for this array.
mdadm: create aborted
Sometimes running "partprobe" can fix this. Other times it requires a reboot.
One other manual thing that can be done is the following to fix it (if dm is using and blocking it):........
The reason for doing this is that the installer doesn't seem to work properly for LUKS and the server installer doesn't even support LUKS anymore. When you use the GUI install on Desktop for LUKS it won't boot and will just hang after you enter your password. So the only reliable way is to do it ourselves.
1.) Make a default minimal install of Ubuntu
2.) Have a secondary disk on the server or VM.
The cool thing here is that we only need 1 drive to make a RAID 10 or RAID 1 array, we just tell the Linux mdadm utility that the other drive is "missing" and we can then add our original drive to the array after booting into our new RAID array.
Step#1 Install tools we need
yum -y install mdadm rsync
Step #2 Create your partitions on the drive that will be our RAID array
Here I assume it is /dev........
This problem has been around forever, Linux seems to think it is fine to use the r8169 driver for an r8168 NIC but this often causes problems including the link not working at all.
In my case ethttool shows the link up and detected but it simply does not work especially on a laptop that has been resumed from suspension. Sometimes it takes several minutes for it to work or to unplug and replug the ethernet.
Here is the solution:
Use fdisk on your USB drive to create a bootable NTFS partition (in my case /dev/sdb):
sudo fdisk /dev/sdb
Welcome to fdisk (util-linux 2.27.1).
Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
Be careful before using the write command.
Command (m for help): n
p primary (0 primary, 0 extended, 4 free)........
If you get error messages like this it is usually because /var/run/sshd does not exist.
root@userbox:/# service sshd status
● ssh.service - OpenBSD Secure Shell server
Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/ssh.service; enabled; vendor preset: enab
Active: failed (Result: start-limit-hit) since Wed 2019-04-10 02:24:44 EDT; 1
Process: 511 ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/sshd -t (code=exited, status=255)........
I have seen this in a few rare cases after a reboot, where all folders and files will have the Read Only Attribute. If you uncheck it, it will just come back. It is more of a filesystem issue in Windows than a configuration issue and it looks like when Windows detects a badly corrupted filesystem that it will make things read-only, sort of like Linux would.
If you are Administrator or the owner of the folder and this is happening it is probably due to the reasoning mention........
The strange thing is that usually the first install or two will work on any new machine but then it suddenly won't. I had this experience on QEMU 2.13 on a different machine. There is something finicky or buggy about the CUCM installer even when choosing the same virtual hardware specs.
QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.1 (qemu-kvm-0.12.1.2-2.506.el6_10.1), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard
There are multiple layers but most are enabled by default such as the setting in the Phone Device Settings.
However the one not enabled by default is the one in "Enterprise Phone Configuration".
Enable "Cisco Camera" and then reboot your phones to enable it.........
This is usually because of STP causing a delay in the negotiation.
Edit your ifcfg script eg:
Add a LINKDELAY of 30 seconds or whatever works for you:
After that you should have an IP during bootup.........
Uh oh, so you're working on some super l33t code or other stuff that is super important and Linux Mint's MATE or Cinnamon window manager freezes. This means maybe you can move your mouse but you can't click anything, you can't Alt + Tab to another program but everything appears to be working other than that.
The first thing you would do is Ctrl + Alt + F1 (or whatever virtual terminal you want) and get into the Linux bash prompt (the black screen where things really happen :))........
This works on the 2000 and 3000 series generally.
*The easy way is to just hold the mode button for 10+ seconds.
The full/proper way is below:
1.) Either power on the unit and hold the "mode" button or hold the "mode" button until you see the below:
00:04:08: %SYS-7-NV_BLOCK_INIT: Initalized the geometry of nvram
00:04:08: %EXPRESS_SETUP-6-CONFIG_IS_RESET: The configur........
I tried to stop a qemu-img copy or clone and it broke everything. It was fine to "stop" it from the GUI but a process still persisted so I killed the relevant qemu-img and the kernel went crazy. It also may not have helped that I tried to lvremove a different volume (an unused disk). But either way it breaks LVM (you cannot even run lvdisplay) so a reboot is necessary.
Jan 17 06:45:21 testserver kernel: [ 5680.439337] systemd-udevd D 0&nbs........
On a test machine Iwas never able to access to a newly created 4th partiton. As we can see there are dev devices for everything but the 4th partition.
The normal "partprobe" or "kpartx" or kernel being told to rescan the block device didn't help (only a reboot did).
fdisk -l /dev/sda
Disk /dev/sda: 750.2 GB, 750156374016 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 91201 cylinders
First you need the "iptables-persistent" package. This gives you an init script that loads your settings from /etc/iptables/rules.v4 and rules.v6
When you install it, it wll save your default setings in /etc/iptables.
sudo apt-get install iptables-persistent
Remember that the rules are stored here:
For IPV4: /etc/iptables/rules.v4
For IPV6: /etc/iptables/r........
systemd is like the service manager for your Centos and other modern Linux distributions (including Debian/Mint/Ubuntu) allows you to enable services, stop them, restart them, check their status and even reboot your system.
The key commands or arguments you will use with systemctl are the following:
list-units [PATTERN...] List loaded units
Did you just install the minimal version by accident or want to install the GUI? No need to reinstall just tell yum to do the work for you!
You could actually have both installed and choose one as your preference on demand (although many people prefer GNOME's simplicity).
Install Gnome and/or KDE.
To install the GNOME Desktop on Centos 7:
yum -y groups install "GNOME Desktop"
You can do other things but this particular script is just to set all AMD cards to 80% fan speed (remember this script needs to applied everytime you reboot). You could set it is a cron or just throw it into /etc/rc.local
for hwmon in `ls -1 /sys/class/drm|grep card[0-99]$`; do
hwmonname=`ls $basepath/$hwmon/device/hwmon|grep hwmon[0-99]`
--2018-08-16 05:11:16-- https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe
Resolving downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)... 22.214.171.124
Connecting to downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)|126.96.36.199|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 1525561 (1.5........
How to check if nested KVM is enabled by doing a cat on nested inside sys
Nested KVM is mainly important for testing for example if you wanted to install VMWare or Proxmox Nodes in a virtual environment for testing. Without nesting, the performance will be extremely slow, since the VMs within the nodes will not be using Virtualization extensions.
I've used wildcard on kvm_ because it could be kvm_intel or kvm_amd depending on whether y........
BootModuleConfig.sh echo host-ind nfcd........
You can search for this bug and it seems like it may be related to ecryptfs and is many years old.
The symptoms are that you return to the computer and the screensaver was active or the screen was asleep/black and it doesn't seem to come back. But you check by SSH the computer is running fine and are frustrated you'll lose your running programs and have to reboot.
There is a simple solution:
Ctrl + Alt + F1
Ctrl +Alt + F8
I don't recall having this issue in the distant past but nowadays at least Debian seems to be very picky about this.
I used dd to copy one hard drive to another and tried booting it. Everything seemed fine with grub working but each time it would drop to the busybox shell. There is no particular error so this is misleading.
Normally the first things you would check are to make sure your fstab is correct (that the UUID is correct)and that you've updated grub.&........
This guide will work for most modern Linux versions like Centos RHEL 7, Debian, Mint, Ubuntu etc...
In Centos 7 the days of editing the "kernel"line and adding "single"are gone. On top of that sometimes after a new install passwords do not work, maybe you forgot your password or for some other reason you need to break in or fix your system? It could also be because you can't mount your root / or some other /etc/fstab error and many other err........
Iam not sure why this is happening neither the hostnode or VM changed. All I did was reboot the hostnode and startup the Centos VM again, also note it happened with the original kernel on the VM and also the latest 6.9 kernel as of this writing as shown below.
Host Node: Centos 6.9
Same result in any kernel above........
Essentially a program I was running for mining did not terminate properly with Ctrl+C it is listed as defunct and cannot be killed, kernel is tainted and normal tricks to disable the port are impossible the dev and sys entries for the device cannot be browsed or interacted with in any form without a lockup of the request. The only solution is to reboot due to the kernel taint as far as I can find so far.
[1130246.811056] INFO: task minerd:21861 blocked for more th........
This is a 8TB Seagate external USB 3.0 device apparently newer kernels use a module called "UAS" instead of "USB Storage" which causes issues as a lot of devices are not properly supported in UAS mode by the kernel driver. The solution some say is to disable UAS specifically for your USB device but I'd rather just disable UAS altogether.
Solution blacklist UAS: *do not do this it does not work and just causes your USB 3.0........
When running cudaminer once it tries to initialize the card the entire screen freezes. The computer itself is still running but the Xorg is done for, you cannot even switch to another console window and must reboot (even an mdm or Xorg restart does not help).
At first cudaminer will give you these errors:
...retry after 15 seconds
GPU #0: Geforce 210 with compute ca........
Normally the below would indicate a failing or failed drive. In this case the SATA port was unplugged and sometimes the Linux kernel/motherboard even with AHCIjust don't play nice and can't handle it.
What happened is Iplugged in a new drive after removing another one. However the log shows that after the old drive was plugged in the Linux kernel kept complaining thinking the drive was there but not responding properly. This continued even with reseating........
I've had this issue since Ubuntu 9 and now even on Linux Mint 17 no matter what latest version of the Nvidia proprietary driver that I use. It just becomes slower and slower and only gets better after rebooting or restarting Xorg.
Someone here has it as well
It's very fru........
sudo fdisk /dev/sdh
WARNING: GPT (GUID Partition Table) detected on '/dev/sdh'! The util fdisk doesn't support GPT. Use GNU Parted.
WARNING: The size of this disk is 8.0 TB (8001563221504 bytes).
DOS partition table format can not be used on drives for volumes
larger than (2199023255040 bytes) for 512-byte sectors. Use parted(1) and GUID
partition table format (GPT).
The device presents a l........
We've all done this at some point, you work on the wrong shell window and this was my first time making this mistake but I deleted a partition table in fdisk, recreated it and saved it with "wq" and even ran partprobe! If you haven't rebooted yet then you can still recover your partition table, otherwise you're in big trouble.
Fortunately since it was a live system and in use the kernel still had to use the old table like below:........
You may get this after a long time of not rebooting but especially if you have rsync'd a / partition or deployed an image to another VPS or computer, you will often have this issue.
The good thing it usually just takes a reboot.
Here is more info from Centos........
service iptables start
iptables: Applying firewall rules: iptables-restore: line 40 failed
1.) Flash directly to this file:
*I was never able to get the larger "Mega" file to work, at least not initially so I recommend the file above.
To enable 5ghz I had to do the "Clear NVRAM" Option before it was shown.
2.) Or if you don't need 5ghz (most devices do not support it and cannot........
According to this and my own experience it is the case that you have started something running in the foreground or a server that does not terminate with a normal rc.d script. The server will reboot once you kill whatever command or process that is.........
Iwill start by saying I think I know what caused this boot-time error on Linux Mint but should also apply to Debian and Ubuntu.
I changed my BIOS time to several hours in the past to match the current time, but this caused Linux to think there were incorrect filesystem times.
The problem is that it seems when you hit this I am not sure what is happening, it doesn't seem to be doing fsck and hangs without prompting the user.
What I have found is that........
Debian/Ubuntu vi keyboard problem, up and down arrows do not work and instead make an A (Up), B (Down), C (Right) or D(Left).
The working solution
(you could also add the set nocompatible to /etc/vim/vimrc to make it system wide-will not be applied until reboot I believe):
echo "set nocompatible" > ~/.vimr........
grub> root (hd0,0)
Filesystem type is ext2fs, partition type 0xfd
grub> setup (hd0)
But if you do:
it does work, I think hd0/sda had a GPT partition that was not removed properly (what I did was just dd bs=512 count=1 the partition table from another drive since the partition table should be identical).
Checking if "/boot/grub/........
Before reading on remember to put the line at the bottom of /etc/sudoers as from experience what happen is that other rules cancel out what you have added.
If your sudoers setup is correct it will work immediately upon saving without requiring a reboot.
yourusername ALL = NOPASSWD: /path/to/command
*Once again remember the above should be on the bottom of the sudoers file or........
sudo apt-get install zoneminder
[sudo] password for one:
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
libuser-perl python-evince kdebase-apps kwrite unixodbc
libgnomeprint2.2-data python-soappy vgabios python-metacity hddtemp
This happened while trying to delete several thousand users from phpBB and basically corrupted the innoDB tables.
InnoDB: Page lsn 3 881164362, low 4 bytes of lsn at page end 881164362
InnoDB: Page number (if stored to page already) 86920,
InnoDB: space id (if created with >= MySQL-4.1.1 and stored already) 0
InnoDB: Page may be an index page where index id is 700
InnoDB: (index "tid_post_time" of table "phpBBdb2005"."phpbb3_p........
ResourceManager: CRIT: Resource STOP failure. Reboot required!
This happened on a cluster Iam running with heartbeat for no particular reason that I can figure out.
The box ended up rebooting itself for some reason. It was not a big deal in the sense that the other servers in the cluster kept running but it would be nice to find the cause of this.........
The solution is to run '/etc/init.d/vboxdrv setup' and sometimes happens when upgrading VBox and the kernel modules don't get upgraded with it. Sometimes the above doesn't work until you reboot because sometimes other unknown processes (even the file manager possibly) may be locking the old module from being unloaded.
Failed to open a session for the virtual machine XP.
The virtual machine 'XP' has terminated unexpectedly during startup with exit code 1.........
i337 Canada on Bell is hard to root or even install TWRP
Installed TWRP from Odin and my computer gave me the bluescreen at the end but it seemed to be successful (after ODIN said reset).
TWRP mode does not seem to enter, instead you get the Android recovery mode with Volume up + Home
It really seems that 4.4.4 is not ready or stable for the i717 yet and this makes sense since it takes a lot of work/development and testing to get the factory stock ROMs working well. In the end I used the 4.1.2 based Blackstra BlackJelly because it was fast, stable and just works and feels great. The aftermarket support is great but many devs are focussed on adding features and customization that most of us don't want or need rather than getting things smooth and stable.........
This seems to mainly affect new installs of Windows and especially on XP randomly.
There are whole pages dedicated to the subject but none of them have a simple proper solution.
They and Microsoft say to use "Microsoft Fix It", the only problem is it requires .NET and many new installs of Windows don't have it by default.
The simple solution you asked for
Just reboot Windows and that is how Ifixed it.........
yum -y install wget
wget -P /etc/yum.repos.d/ http://ftp.openvz.org/openvz.repo
rpm --import http://ftp.openvz.org/RPM-GPG-Key-OpenVZ
yum -y install vzkernel vzctl
After that just reboot and you may also have to enable ip_forward in /etc/sysctl.conf........
Unusually the Virtualization was enabled when I got this server but all the NICs were diabled in the BIOS including PXE boot!
Advanced -> Advanced Chipset Control
PCI Slot 1 Option ROM: Enabled
Onboard LAN1 Control: Enabled
LAN1 Option ROM Scan: Enabled (you need it for PXE boot)
Onboard LAN2 Control: Enabled
LAN2 Option ROM Scan: Enabled
*you will need to reboot and........
One thing to remember is that you need MegaCli to do the flashing.
You also need the correct file,I tried at least 2 different Perc 6 firmwares from Dell that kept getting rejected as corrupt by MegaCli(they were really the wrong version). I have an external PCI-E Dell 6 Perc/I butI chose images from the 'Integrated" on motherboard version as it was allI could find. They are different, and below is my first time finding success.........
At first it was configured as a RAID 0, then I deleted the Virtual Disk Group.
I thought both drives would be shown and detected in Linux as sda and sdb but it actually shows nothing.
To make them work you have to hit Ctrl+R before the system boots (when prompted) and create a Virtual Disk Group. In my case I created each one as RAID 0 (with a single drive only) as I just wanted JBOD but there is no such option or default in these Dell Pe........
When trying to reboot this Centos 5 container, it gets stuck as "mounted" and requires a manual start command, here is what dmesg shows:
[424458.173252] VE10000: no allowed mount options found for device 0:21
[424458.177970] proc: unrecognized mount option "relatime" or missing value
[424460.297663] CT: 10000: stopped
[426663.466433] CT: 10000: started........
If you make changes to /etc/sysctl.conf (which are permanent and not lost during reboot) but want them to apply with rebooting just use the following command:
After that your changes will be enabled.........
If you move your hard drive(s) around to other computers/servers, you'll find that your eth0 keeps getting higher, the first time it will become eth1 and then eth2 etc and even higher if your server has dual or quad NICs. The reason is that udevd basically assigns eth0 tot he first NIC it finds and remembers it, if it encounters a NIC with a differentMAC, it assigns it one higher (eg. eth1).
See the example below, I have eth2 now so how doI fix it?........
-bash-3.1# shutdown -rn now
Connection to localhost closed by remote host.
Connection to localhost closed.
Sometimes I work with embedded systems/custom kernels without any of the fancy init scripts and other common Linux basics that most would expect. This means that often the "reboot" command (which uses an init script) will never work, not only that but it will hang the server and a manual power cycle or reboo........
I chose this because I heard a lot of stories about scams and that many providers I contacted said they can't unlock the Canadian I717s (one said "my Bell server" is down).
This method worked perfectly on my Bell I717M and should work for all I717 in Canada, I was able to insert a foreign SIMcard. This will work abroad too but remember entering CWM mode is different for I717's in other countries (at least theUS).
Step 1 - Root + CWM........
This booting error is because the Xen PV guest image uses the Xen kernel, this is not compatible with anything but a host running a Xen kernel.
I did a kpartx -av virtual.img and then it created some partitions that showed up in fdisk.
I mounted it and did a chroot into it and removed the xen kernel and installed a normal kernel but Xen still shows the same kernel in Grub (only the Xen one).
This is strange but it seems like this Xen PV guest has some sort of hidden or........
Here is a quick script that works on most Centos versions to disable the virus/SELinux from blocking basic functionality.
The first echo 0 statement disables SELinux instantly but it will still be enabled on reboot.
The second line disables it permanently.
#disable SELinux Immediately
echo 0 > /selinux/enforce
#disable SELinux Permanently
sed -i 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config........
This seems to be common for some reason when trying to run Windows 7 under KVM and 7 has always had strange issues with KVM. What happens for me is after the install it simply won't boot, it stays on the POST screen and does nothing.
For some reason it appears the boot sector either doesn't get installed or gets corrupted with KVM.
The solution is to boot the install disc for Windows 7 and reinstall the windows MBR into the boot sector:
1. Boot t........
I backed up everything in the /mnt/sd_card directory thinking that some dataloss could occur for some reason but purposely left my microSDHC unbacked up thinking that "it won't touch that since it's external" and Samsung's and other manufacturers website even say this (that it won't be affected and not to worry etc).
Apparently I was wrong, my microSD was "undetected" and asked to be formatted after the upgrade (there goes 3-months worth of family photos). No........
I dread updating the kernel and rebooting to find the Ubuntu graphics aren't working and you have to manually intervene. This is usually because Ubuntu for whatever reason didn't update the drivers you need (eg. the manually compiled Nvidia Kernel driver that MUST be recompiled for each and every kernel update unfortunately).
The most common reason may be that "linux-source" hasn't been installed automatically on my system. I tried to manually reinstall the........
The normal solution would be as follows:
But what happens if that doesn't work? I haven't been able to find much documentation about how to find the list of displays and how their numbering works in Xorg.
Sometimes you'll get this error when trying to restart vino:
Cannot open display:
For some reason my display is not on 0.0........
SIOCSIFFLAGS: Cannot allocate memory
Failed to bring up eth0
This is on a Centos 5.5 machine with OpenVZ kernel 2.6.18-238.12.1.el5.028stab091.1PAE, I updated 3 systems with the same hardware to the same kernel and for some reason the network didn't come back.
This only happened once the first time I booted into the new kernel and hasn't happened again but this is a serious issue for those running systems from remote locations such as a datacente........
This assumes that you've at least created the correct partition for your DRBD already.
Notice that I am "diskless", that's because either your DRBD partition doesn't exist/has been renamed (eg. sdb becomes sda when sdb dies and you reboot) or because that drive is really actually dead/gone.
*If you need to permanently change the partition/device for your resource be sure to edit /etc/drbd.conf on both hosts and reload the config.
(replace r0 with........
high IO wait
424 root 39 19 1900 848 552 D 0.0 0.0 0:00.91 updatedb
root 424 0.0 0.0 1900 848 ? DN Mar11 0:00 /usr/bin/updatedb -f sysfs?rootfs?bdev?proc?cpuset?binfmt_misc?debugfs?sockfs?usbfs?pipefs?anon_inodefs?futexfs?tmpfs?inotifyfs?eventp........
Failed to open a session for the virtual machine XP.
AMD-V is being used by another hypervisor. (VERR_SVM_IN_USE).
VirtualBox can't enable the AMD-V extension. Please disable the KVM kernel extension, recompile your kernel and reboot (VERR_SVM_IN_USE)
Solution - Unload KVM module (you can't use two hardware virtualization suites at once)
sudo rmmod kvm_amd kvm........
I think this will be useful to others because I have a server that kept crashing mysteriously during intense disk usage/RAID checks. It would only crash during the weekly RAID integrity check.
ThenI noticed during a reboot that not all CPUs were being brought up, as a result this actually creates much higher temperatures with the output I got from sensors, just booting the system produced higher than normal temperatures.
You can imagine that a full blown RAID check........
What this really refers to is gnome-volume-control-applet which is what controls the volume in the panel/indicator applet.
In Ubuntu 10.04 it is just the applet mentioned above, run that from the command line and it will start.
I lost mine when I removed pulseaudio trying to fix audio issues with Flash and Opera. It also removes the gnome-volume-control-applet from starting. *Ialso note........
I've only used it on Centos, soI thought I'd make a quick Debian guide:
Install the DRBD Package
apt-get install drbd8-utils
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them.
Moving to RAID was a pain.
What you have to do is the following from an existing install:
Create your mdadm RAID 1 array on your spare hard drive.
Start it with the missing disk.
rsync the entire contents of your current / to the md partition.
Here's a good way of doing it:
rsync -Pha --exclude=/proc/* --exclude=/sys/* --exclude=/mnt/* /. /mnt/md2........
I couldn't figure out whyI couldn't install a simple package. This is what's annoying about cutting edge Debian distros, yes we know you support each license on average for 1-2 years but why take down the supporting binary packages and basically disable the older versions?
sudo apt-get install update
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
E: Couldn't find p........
I thought it was a GNOME problem because no matter what styles I applied Nautilus wouldn't change, but it was only Nautilus that wouldn't change/update anymore so I should have known.
The only fix/solutionI knew of other than rebooting is the following:
sudo killall nautilus
I tried closing all instances of nautilus that were visible and it had no effect.
And another thing to remember is that only will appearances/styles/themes not apply to N........
Virtually no system has a floppy disk drive anymore but you will often find your Linux distribution insists that you do or should have one :)
The solution is to remove the floppy module and prevent it from loading on the next reboot.
echo "blacklist floppy">> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist
#update initramfs so it takes effect
md: Autodetecting RAID arrays.
md: autorun ...
md: considering sdb1 ...
md: adding sdb1 ...
md: adding sda1 ...
md: created md0
md: kicking non-fresh sda1 from array!
raid1: raid set md0 active with 1 out of 2 mirrors
The md0 raid kicked sda1 ou........
I'm using Ubuntu 8.04 but anyone using older kernels will find this may apply to them. My Intel graphics are very slow with the default Xorg settings but by using "EXA" acceleration, scrolling down windows of text becomes pretty snappy.
Just edit /etc/X11/xorg.conf
Identifier "Configured Video Device"
I was creating a RAID array and got this error: mdadm: /dev/sda1 is too small: 0K
mdadm: create aborted
Of course sda1 is not too small, both partitions sda1 and sdb1 are identical in size:
Disk /dev/sda: 2000.3 GB, 2000398934016 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 243201 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000
Device Boot Sta........
I'm not impressed with this motherboard, I was impressed with my Gigabyte AM3 board which seems to work flawlessly.
Everyone knows that the firmware is flawed, even though I have the F6, it still seems that the system doesn't reset properly or quickly enough.
Another HUGE problem is that in most Linux kernels the NIC won't work (if you try 10 times by rebooting it might). I also notice that you need to power down for it to work.
This board does not seem very com........
I'm not a fan of Asus and won't be buying another because of having to fight Asus over a bogus warranty denial (it's a long story but they only replied about how to RMA my unit weeks later on the EXACT day the warranty expired).
Anyway, it's just a matter of hitting F9 to do this, there's no need to worry about booting from USB or CD (unless of course you want a different OS eg. Windows XP Pro, Vista/7, or a flavor of Linux or Unix). Also remember that you need to fully/properl........
From the package "parted" you can use the command "partprobe" to re-read the partition table. I really hate rebooting, and that's what Iloved to hear about AHCI motherboards, that they allow hotswap so you don't have to reboot. But that's only as good as the OS, if the OS does not reload the partition table you won't be able to do anything with that new drive you attached without rebooting. Yes, even without re-reading the partiton table Linux will........
Setup Static IP Address ONBOOTAssuming you are using eth0
Note this will work for any version of CentOS and basically any version of Redhat Linux or Redhat based distribution.
You would need to create a new file
the ":0" at the end specifies alias 0 we could actually change this to ":99" or "........
Updated to Version 3.8 and can't loginSSHD accepts my password but then hangs at "Last login: Wed Sep 13 21:30:02 2006 from"
This occurred during a yum update after upgrading my release, installing the new kernel and rebooting.
I got kicked out of sshd after seeing the following during yum update:
telnet 100 % done 85/476
tux 100 % done 86/476
ntsysv 100 % done 87/476
rpmdb-redhat 94 % done 88/476........
Telus + 2Wire 2700 Router HorribleWell first of all let me say this is the only router/switch that sometimes seems to crash/disconnect computers on the local network.
This device also thought it would be smart to block VOIP packets coming from my Sipura ATA VOIP adapters so I disabled the [quote:cb89ba7bff]"Invalid TCP Flag Attacks (NULL/XMAS/Other)"[/quote:cb89ba7bff] option
Then all of a sudden I couldn't get onto any web pages, the wireless........
*This is a bug with initramfs support, all kernels after around 188.8.131.52 suffer from this problem.
If you try to include initramfs into your kernel (I mean actually building your binaries into the kernel) this will always happen. Obviously some code has changed in recent kernels that is present in all new kernels, it makes it impossible to boot
I've tried the latest 2.6.32, 2.6.33, 2.6.34, 2.6.35, 2.6.36, 2.6.37, 2.6.38 kernels and they all do this. I found one bug re........
100215 07:02:24 mysqld started
/usr/libexec/mysqld: Can't read dir of '/tmp/' (Errcode: 13)
/usr/libexec/mysqld: Can't create/write to file '/tmp/ibyP1qUC' (Errcode: 13)
100215 7:02:24 InnoDB: Error: unable to create temporary file; errno: 13
100215 7:02:24 [ERROR] Can't init databases
100215 7:02:24 [ERROR] Aborting
100215 7:02:24 [Note] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Shutdown complete
I wanted to disable the "Administrator" account for security purposes and Iread some "guide" on the internet that recommended that we run "C:WindowsSystem32sysprepsysprep.exe /generalize". I also clicked the option for "Generalize" and the computer rebooted and gave some OOBE error and restarted, and now I get the error above no matter what.
I read that some drivers such as ones from AVIRA AV can cause this because they're unsign........
This really is a difficult and confusing process for non-Mandarin speakers, but here's what I've done and learned so far:
You can purchase an "M-Zone" China Mobile pre-paid SIMCard from almost anywhere but I tried to purchase mine from Suning (a large electronics dealer) hoping they would be able to help me or answer my questions but my plan didn't work out at all. At Suning once I found someone who spoke some English they gave me the 55 RMB M-Zone China Mobile P........
Everyone says there is a "manual" way of doing it and then they tell you to use iTunes, but if you're like me, you're travelling on business in a foreign country and your laptop does not have iTunes and you don't have a way of getting it and/or don't want it.
For this example I'm using the provider "du" in Dubai, UAE (United Arab Emirates) but this method works for virtually all providers.
The requirements in this case to truly "manually update........
Inever saved any of the logs, but basically no matter what OS (Linux)I used, I could not get my 1000GB hard drive to work (Seagate SATA). The BIOS recognizes the drive and fdisk -l shows the hard drive as it should.
The tricky thing is that different OS's will give you different results, but don't be fooled. You can't use these larger drives for long. Iwas getting all kinds of seek/IOerrors and also messages that the port could not be read.........
To enable Fuse to work inside a OpenVZ container it's very simple (although some people say it can't be done).
Remember that on your HN(HostNode) for OpenVZ, Fuse must be installed and the module must be loaded for this to work. In addition remember that you need the Fuse package installed inside the container of course.
vzctl set 2000 --devices c:10:229:rw --save
vzctl exec 2000 mknod /dev/fuse c 10 229
The part that most people forget........
This is something that annoys a lot of people, fortunately the Redhat style OS's are the most simple in this respect. I disagree that Debian's way makes sense, it is more of a hackish approach in how they implement iptables.
Anyway, for those who are using Redhat/Centos style OS's it is very simple.
Set your rules from the shell/command prompt and to save the iptables firewall rules so they are remember/loaded on boot just run this command:
Truly, the only way to unleash the capabilities and customization abilities of iPhone are to jailbreak, it's not just for hackers anymore.
A few days ago someone by the named of "geohot" released a single click application called "purplera1n", which does the entire operation smoothly and seamlessly.
In our case, the first time it went as far as "done, wait for reboot" on our Windows machine and for minutes we waited and saw the pic on the iPhone w........
Igot this after copying a VMWare image onto another machine in Debian.
SIOCSIFADDR No such device eth0 error while getting interface flags
1.) Find and edit the device line in persisent-net.rules note it will be prefixed with something like z25 or something else.
The easiest way is to comment anything out.
If you are feeling........
Server not using user level security and no password supplied.
tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_WRONG_PASSWORD
That happens when trying to use smbclient to connect to a share. The weird thing is that I can authnenticate just fine from Windows XP.
It is partially my mistake, I forgot this share does have a password. I've tried authenticating with the correct user and also with "Guest" because this works in Windows. In Linux I ........