In most of the Cisco router IOS I find the ports like ge0/0 ge0/1 and ge0/2 or whatever your ports are down. They will not even give you a link light. So one of the first tasks should be getting the port you are working with up.
In my case the first goal is often connectivity with the LAN and WAN.
LAN = your local area network (eg. in the office/home )
WAN= your ISP/public internet (eg. fiber/cable/dsl/ethernet).
In these examples I as........
Switch#show ip dhcp snooping
Switch DHCP snooping is disabled
DHCP snooping is configured on following VLANs:
Insertion of option 82 is enabled
circuit-id format: vlan-mod-port
remote-id format: MAC
Option 82 on untrusted port is not allowed
Verification of hwaddr field is enabled
Enter configuration console:
This is important because if your console doesn't look like below none of the commands will work!
Save and Apply Settings
Show Switch Configuration:
Show Port List/Sta........
Now many people report this card simply not working in various Linux distros and kernels. My issue is different, it always works at 100mbit (eg. plugged into a 100mbit switch) but no matter what 1000M/gigabit switch I would try, it would never work.
The link would be up (the lights were on) and the OS detected the link as being up as well but it wouldn't work at all and could not pass data in or out (not even a ack/ping).
There is one simple solution and command........
02:00.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8111/8168B PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet controller (rev 03)
For whatever reason it seems the r8169 driver that ships and has shipped with most Linux distros for years is still flawed and does not work properly on these cards, causing 100mbit connectivity when it should be 1gbit and even worse, causing random network dropouts. The r8169 driver in Linux kernels is simply not meant to be used on th........
That is pinging to the gateway IP on the same switch, the same IP is pingable externally without any problems which makes me think the switch is fine.
64 bytes from 220.127.116.11: icmp_seq=4 ttl=255 time=1.07 ms
64 bytes from 18.104.22.168: icmp_seq=1 ttl=255 time=3536 ms
64 bytes from 22.214.171.124: icmp_seq=2 ttl=255 time=2536 ms
64 bytes from 126.96.36.199: icmp_seq=3 ttl=255 time=1536 ms
64 bytes from 188.8.131.52: icmp_seq=8 ttl=255 time=1.20 ms
Basically the two main types of distros are Debian and RHEL/Centos based. I'm just going to give a quick overview of how the configuration of IP interfaces works in Debian/Centos based distros.
*Just one thing to remember, when setting IPs statically you have to manually specify a DNS server in /etc/resolv.conf (since DHCP is what normally does it automatically)
The IP (DHCP &........
This is the Intel Atom 330 motherboard with integrated Realtek Gigabit NIC (Intel Desktop Board D945GCLF2 Motherboard W/ Atom 330 1.6 GHz Dual Core Processor - Mini-ITX)
I cannot achieve more than 15 MB/s, even doing a local transfer through eth0 to it's own IP.
100% 95MB 15.9MB/s 00:06
So this is not a cabling, switch or hardware issue, it seems like a driver or chipset limitation problem.
Here is my........