jailkit for chroot ssh account security tutorial and fix for error

This was done on Centos but I think it's easier on Debian machines, the paths that it is set to use are tailored towards Debian, so there is some fiddling that needs to be done on Centos.

This is for chrooting ssh, but jailkit has other uses than just SSH jails but I won't cover them in this writeup.

1. Install jailkit

yum install jailkit

2. Setup Jail Home

mkdir /home/jail
chown root:root /home/jail

3. Enable Jailed Programs For Your Users

jk_init -v -j /home/jail basicshell editors extendedshell netutils ssh sftp scp

You'll see a lot of text scrolling, basically it is copying all the executables and their dependencies to the chroot environment.

For more specialized setups/extra programs you can edit /etc/jailkit/jk_init.ini to enable or add more programs.

4. Enable the Jail on an Existing User

jk_jailuser -m -j /home/jail "testguy"


invalid shell, /home/jail/usr/sbin/jk_lsh does not exist
enter jail directory:

Fix the error with the following:

You need to copy "jk_lsh" and should have done it from the start (bad documentation)

jk_init -v -j /home/jail jk_lsh

 Now you can add whatever use you want to the jail.

And just to confirm notice the changed /etc/passwd entry for testguy:

testguy:x:500:500::/home/jail/./home/testguy:/usr/sbin/jk_chrootsh

5. Finalize Settings

Set the shell you want for your user in /home/jail/etc/passwd

root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash
testguy:x:500:500::/home/testguy:/usr/sbin/jk_lsh

I don't know why "root" is there, I deleted that line.  I also changed the shell for testguy to bash, and so my new file looks like:

testguy:x:500:500::/home/testguy:/bin/bash

 


Tags:

jailkit, chroot, ssh, tutorial, errorthis, centos, debian, paths, tailored, fiddling, chrooting, jails, writeup, install, yum, mkdir, chown, enable, jailed, programs, users, jk_init, basicshell, editors, extendedshell, netutils, sftp, scp, ll, text, scrolling, copying, executables, dependencies, specialized, setups, edit, etc, ini, existing, user, jk_jailuser, quot, testguy, invalid, shell, usr, sbin, jk_lsh, directory, documentation, passwd, entry, jk_chrootsh, finalize, settings, bin, bash, deleted,

Latest Articles

  • Linux Ubuntu Cannot Print Large Images
  • Cannot Print PDF Solution and Howto Resize
  • Linux Console Login Screen TTY Change Message
  • Apache Cannot Start Listening Already on 0.0.0.0
  • MySQL Bash Query to pipe input directly without using heredoc trick
  • CentOS 6 and 7 / RHEL Persistent DHCP Solution
  • Debian Ubuntu Mint rc-local service startup error solution rc-local.service: Failed at step EXEC spawning /etc/rc.local: Exec format error
  • MySQL Cheatsheet Guide and Tutorial
  • bash script kill whois or other command that is running for too long
  • Linux tftp listens on all interfaces and IPs by DEFAULT Security Risk Hole Solution
  • python import docx error
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager Express Cheatsheet CUCME CME
  • Linux Ubuntu Debian Missing privilege separation directory: /var/run/sshd
  • bash how to count the number of columns or words in a line
  • bash if statement how to test program output without assigning to variable
  • RTNETLINK answers: Network is unreachable
  • Centos 7 how to save iptables rules like Centos 6
  • nfs tuning maximum amount of connections
  • qemu-kvm error "Could not initialize SDL(No available video device) - exiting"
  • Centos 7 tftpd will not work with selinux enabled