This is not about systemd/systemctl and not about "onboot" so there's no rc.local trick here but it's the GUI/Gnome etc when a user logs in that a command is launched.
Put this in your home dir
The .config/autostart directory is where Linux Mint/Ubuntu checks for autostart application config files
mkdir -p ~/.config/autostart
Create a new entry/file that starts an application........
The defaults in Windows 2016 server leave clients crippled so they can't even download basic files or software. But Group Policy Management Editor comes to our rescue!
Use cmd or Powershell and run:
Choose your domain/computer and then navigate like below and create a new menu entry for IE11 or whatever your version is. Don't be worried if the highest version is IE10 it means that it applies to IE10 AND above.........
I tried to stop a qemu-img copy or clone and it broke everything. It was fine to "stop" it from the GUI but a process still persisted so I killed the relevant qemu-img and the kernel went crazy. It also may not have helped that I tried to lvremove a different volume (an unused disk). But either way it breaks LVM (you cannot even run lvdisplay) so a reboot is necessary.
Jan 17 06:45:21 testserver kernel: [ 5680.439337] systemd-udevd D 0&nbs........
zenity is a nice utility as part of the gnome window manager that allows you to script from bash and retrieve the input from the user. It could also be helpful in just notifying a user when they login with a popup window.
I'll give an overview of what's available with zenity:
--calendar Display calendar dialog
--entry Display tex........
yes it does create its own json
cat /tmp/vcsaUiInstaller/ovftool-20180809-175238948-20180809-175603497.log |grep -i json
2018-08-09T17:56:04.238-07:00 verbose OVFTool [Originator@6876 sub=Default] Manifest file entry: SHA1(VMware-vCenter-Server-Appliance-188.8.131.5200-8832884_OVF10-file1.json) = 1deb658c724767697587d5909c4051c01813e6a1
This usually happens when you are using something like an INT and try to insert a larger valuethan the maximum which is larger than "2147483647"
On a practical term I have seen this and been guilty of this error when using scripts like PHPand generating large random numbers:
$hash = mt_rand(5,9999999999999);
Obviously that many 9's are more digits than the maximum of an INT resulting in that error. Change your code accord........
It looks like this has something to do with APIC but I am not sure. I have similar CPUs with a different MB and BIOS that work fine on the same type of kernel. A lot of time the issue is because of the C-step setting in the BIOS.
The same thing happened on the 2.6 kernel with Centos 6 but this is a homebrew 4.4 kernel soI am not sure why it is happening when even Centos 7 (3.2) kernel works OK.
Solution - It comes down to the BIOS set........
Using Apache 2.2 and PHP5.6 PHPBB3 is very slow to respond. Actually for some reason it takes so long to even register a log entry in access_log as in several seconds or a few minutes later it shows up in Apache. All other vhosts and Apache access stops working and freezes until the request to access PHPBB3 slowly completes.
It seems to randomly be slow if you stop using it whether for posting or reading the forums. I've migrated to different machines including........
md127 issue, it should be /dev/md3 per mdadm.conf
Any time something is mounted as md127 it almost always means there is no entry for this mdadm array in the mdadm.conf in initramfs (which is separate from your actual /etc/mdadm.conf).
ARRAY /dev/md3 metadata=1.2 UUID=b6722845:381cc94e:7a2c5b5f:8e3b7c4f
The reason for this is something strange, most Linux OS's bizarrely always keep their own copy of /etc/mdadm.con........
You have dual NICs and you disable NIC1 which uses 192.168.1.1 as its gateway. With NIC2 you enable it/connect it to another network which also has the gateway 192.168.1.1
Everything will work fine at this point.
When switching back to NIC1 even with NIC2 disabled and even unplugged, the OS basically can't pick up the new/updated ARP entry of the old device for 192.168.1.1 and perhaps thinks it is a security risk or spoof of some sorts and blocks i........
This was a horrible shock after upgrading fromUbuntu 9 to Linux Mint 17 and I found that the last distro to support tsclient was Debian Squeeze.
For some reason it has disappeared for a long time and the new options such as rdesktop and gnome-rdp do not have any start menu entry and just aren't done as well as tsclient.
Fortunately there is a solution:
tsclient surprisingly can be downloaded as a direct .deb package and it fails with some variou........
HTTP error 401
You do not have permission to access this page.
It was actually a bad hosts entry or where your IP was somehow added to /etc/hosts.deny this is what you will see from CPanel........
INSERT INTO articles_backup
SELECT * FROM articles WHERE articleID="118"
It is so simple we always recommend people do this when updating their database so you always have a backup.
The above inserts the copy into the table "articles_backup" which has an identical structure.
It selects the entry from "articles" where the articleID is "118" but of course you can adapter yours to whatever the situation is.........
In my case I could login with the initial install but I rsync'd everything over while preserving ownership and permissions to another RAID partition and booted from that.was fine before. The problem is that you are kicked out the second you login and the problem was SELINUX for some reason (perhaps it noticed something strange when it was moved to the new partition)
login: pam_unix(login:session): session opened for user root by LOGIN(uid=0)
login: ROOT LOG........
I never did get it working, it is too bad as obfsproxy should really be an option and integrated into the OpenVPN client and server or something similar:
yum -y install python-pip python-devel
No package python-pip available.
#install the EPEL repo
python-pip install obfsproxy
python-pip install obfsproxy
-bash: python-pip: command not found
pip install obfsproxy
To install AOO on your computer, you need to add the following entry to the /etc/apt/sources.list file:
deb http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/apacheoo-deb/debian wheezy main
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install openoffice-en* openoffice-brand-writer openoffice-brand-calc openoffice-brand-impress openoffice-brand-base open........
./configure: cannot locate gcc 3.x. please install it or specify with --qemu-cc
yum -y install gcc make
./configure: cannot locate gcc 3.x. please install it or specify with --qemu-cc
yum -y install compat-gcc-*
Error: Could not find alsa
Make sure to have the alsa libs and headers installed.
yum -y install alsa-lib-devel
This was caused by some weird dmraid setup which kind of takes control of drives even if they're blank/unused.
1. Check the table.
ddf1_44656c6c202020201000006010281f0b3f5195b77cf86172: 0 3905945600 linear 8:0 0
ddf1_44656c6c202020201000006010281f0b3f5195b77cf86172p3: 0 37124096 linear 253:0 284547072
ddf1_44656c6c202020201000006010281f0b3f5195b77cf86172p2: 0 283496448 linear 253:0 1050624
The error itself "mkdir(): Too Many Links" is not very useful, but I'll translate it into plain English.
It means you've reached the filesystem's limit of how many directories can be created in a single directory.
In this case for ext3 the limit is 32000 and it was exceeded.
What's the solution?
The simple solution is to move those directories into more subdirectories possibly sorting them by date, alphabet or numerically.........
Jun 12 10:30:53 kernel: [724514.291670] EXT4-fs error (device md20): ext4_add_entry: bad entry in directory #2552670: rec_len % 4 != 0 - offset=216, inode=2553603, rec_len=94, name_len=84
Jun 12 10:30:53 kernel: [724514.292400] EXT4-fs error (device md20): ext4_add_entry: bad entry in directory #2552670: rec_len % 4 != 0 - offset=216, inode=2553603, rec_len=94, name_len=84
This happened when an unprivileged user was backing up a Windows filesystem, once they ha........
If you move your hard drive(s) around to other computers/servers, you'll find that your eth0 keeps getting higher, the first time it will become eth1 and then eth2 etc and even higher if your server has dual or quad NICs. The reason is that udevd basically assigns eth0 tot he first NIC it finds and remembers it, if it encounters a NIC with a differentMAC, it assigns it one higher (eg. eth1).
See the example below, I have eth2 now so how doI fix it?........
syst (192.168.1.122) at 21:96:43:3a:62:a2 [ether] on eth0
arp -d 192.168.1.122
If you get an error do:
arp -d 192.168.1.122 -i eth0
Sometimes the arp cache just won't clear either, some say it should automatically but there are cases where the above doesn't work. I believe it may be that some network applications are keeping the entry alive but this is just a guess.........
ip_conntrack: table full, dropping packet.
A lot of clients I've seen have this issue, it really seems the default level is way too small. Once this connection tracking table becomes full then packets get dropped which is obviously a bad thing.
One thing to be mindful of though is that 350 bytes of memory are used per entry so there is some justification for not keeping it too high. However, if you have multiple servers running or high traffic daemons........
A lot of people become nervous (and understandably so) when checking their auth or security logs, in Centos /var/log/secure and see dozens, hundreds of even thousands of attempted logins to various services, especially SSH.
Of course you could manually block these people/IPs but no one has time to read the logs like that, what if some program or script could do it for you?
This is what denyhosts does for you, it checks the logs and based on a certain number of failed SSH attem........
I don't expect this to be solved soon but some of Yahoo's DNS servers are out of whack. I changed the IPs of some nameservers of some domains and now most Yahoo users can't e-mail to those domains!
As you can see below by the "No MX or A records for mychangedomain.com", now Yahoo's DNS/mailserver DNS cache is wrong. You would think they would at least have cached the old incorrect records, but instead for some reason their DNS cache has no entry and doesn't seem........
high IO wait
424 root 39 19 1900 848 552 D 0.0 0.0 0:00.91 updatedb
root 424 0.0 0.0 1900 848 ? DN Mar11 0:00 /usr/bin/updatedb -f sysfs?rootfs?bdev?proc?cpuset?binfmt_misc?debugfs?sockfs?usbfs?pipefs?anon_inodefs?futexfs?tmpfs?inotifyfs?eventp........
Basically you should always be 100% sure that whatever IPyour mail server sends out with has reverse DNS/PTR records. Remember that unless you own your IPs then you won't be able to set your own reverse DNS. Even if you were to create a reverse PTR record on your DNS servers it will be ignored. Reverse DNS is queried to pre-assigned DNS servers of your ISP, so therefore you'll need to contact your ISP/Colo/Hosting provider to do a reverse DNS entry.
If you don't have........
I think this will be useful to others because I have a server that kept crashing mysteriously during intense disk usage/RAID checks. It would only crash during the weekly RAID integrity check.
ThenI noticed during a reboot that not all CPUs were being brought up, as a result this actually creates much higher temperatures with the output I got from sensors, just booting the system produced higher than normal temperatures.
You can imagine that a full blown RAID check........
Jan 16 04:02:03 centosbox syslogd 1.4.1: restart.
Jan 16 04:07:34 centosbox kernel: INFO: task updatedb:20771 blocked for more than 300 seconds.
Jan 16 04:07:34 centosbox kernel: "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message.
Jan 16 04:07:34 centosbox kernel: updatedb D F78BE050 6476 20771 20766&n........
This doesn't seem to be widely known (maybe it's in some documentation that none of us read though)but there's an easy way to check the integrity of any mdadm array:
sudo echo check > /sys/block/md0/md/sync_action
-bash: /sys/block/md0/md/sync_action: Permission denied
sudo will never work, this only works as root since echo is not actually a binary/command. It is built-into bash.
nautilus-gksu - privilege granting extension for nautilus using gksu
nautilus-sendto - integrates Evolution and Pidgin into the Nautilus file manager
nautilus-share - Nautilus extension to share folder using Samba
nautilus-actions - nautilus extension to configure programs to launch
nautilus-bzr - Bazaar (bzr) integration for nautilus
nautilus-cd-burner - CD Burning front-end for Nautilus
nautilus-clamscan - Antivirus scanning for Nautilus
This error is annoying, in a Virtuozzo KB entry about this ip tables nat problem they say the kernel needs to be ugpraded:
The node runs 2.6.18-x kernel older than 2.6.18-028stab053.10.
NAT module does not work in container, you get "can't initialize iptables table 'nat'" error:
# iptables -t nat........
This was done on Centos butI think it's easier on Debian machines, the paths that it is set to use are tailored towards Debian, so there is some fiddling that needs to be done on Centos.
This is for chrooting ssh, but jailkit has other uses than just SSH jails but I won't cover them in this writeup.
1. Install jailkit
yum install jailkit
2. Setup Jail Home
chown root:root /home/ja........
This is a great way to reduce MySQL code/mistakes/annoyance when doing things, take for example this statement:
INSERT IGNORE INTO sometable(CatName) VALUES("someitem");
Notice the "IGNORE", that is what does the magic.
Normally if the entry "someitem" existed you'd get an error message back such as "Duplicate entry for whatever". What I have normally done in PHP or whatever language is manually coded or made a........
Basically the two main types of distros are Debian and RHEL/Centos based. I'm just going to give a quick overview of how the configuration of IP interfaces works in Debian/Centos based distros.
*Just one thing to remember, when setting IPs statically you have to manually specify a DNS server in /etc/resolv.conf (since DHCP is what normally does it automatically)
The IP (DHCP &........
It's basically free bash shell script available from: http://wpkg.org/email2fax/index.php/Main_Page
Make sure you have the required tools:
Where you can e-mail your Asterisk box and it will fax it to the phone number in the subject line. The good news ends there, it is fairly undocumented and buggy.
Take for example how the documentation mentions you can invoke from the com........
Need identd for port 113 ? Install authdyum install authd
Happy identing :)Actually it's not that simple.
It installs as an "xinetd" service and is disabled and turned off by deafult.
To enable it run:
chkconfig --level 3 auth on
service xinetd restart
This will set identd aka authd to start by default.
service xinetd resta........
Bash Script Infohttp://www.faqs.org/docs/Linux-HOWTO/Bash-Prog-Intro-HOWTO.html#ss10.5
Since bash i........
I was getting very frustrated one day wondering why it appeared my .htaccess file was being ignored and not processed by Apache. No matter what I did it was obvious that Apache didn't care about my .htaccess file. Then I realized that the default settings must be in effect, which is that my vhost didn't explicitly allow me to override the default settings.
This usually comes down to your vhost settings. Make sure you have an entry like this in your Apache vhost settings in........
The dmg format is silly and annoying to work with, why couldn't Apple stick with the .iso standard? Anyway, there's an excellent Linux and Windows based tool to convert it back to a normal .iso Image called dmg2iso
I'll only cover theLinux version although the Windows pre-built binary works the same way.
Download dmg2iso here for free (from the author's website)
It's just silly and doesn't make sense that Ubuntu doe........
User username from 127.0.0.1 not allowed because not listed in AllowUsers
What's going on? The user was created properly, it has been defined as having a shell entry and the entry for /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow is set just fine.
This is a new and very smart/secure feature of SSHD. It is simple and yet effective, but also very annoying if you didn't know about it being implemented and that hand editing of /etc/ssh/sshd_config is required to allow a newly add........