• Centos 6 / 7 / 8 How To Change Default nameservers in /etc/resolv.conf when using DHCP / dhclient


    First we need to create dhclient.conf if it doesn't exist or edit it: vi /etc/dhclient/dhclient.conf #add this line at the top add the IPs as commas they will be the highest priority nameservers and whatever your ISP gives you will be used after these one (good for DNS backup) prepend domain-name-servers 127.0.0.1,10.10.25.8; After you restart your network or run dhclient again you should see the contents of........
  • Adobe Acrobat Reader for Linux to use and view XFA Fillable Forms


    The reason for not being able to read one of these dreaded/ fillable "XFA" forms is because no Linux PDF reader that I'm aware of supports them. Part of this reasoning is for security. It is really silly, they should ban these XFA forms or at least replace the Please Wait with the non-fillable version. Download Adobe Reader 9.5 for Linux from here: This is the solution but only so much, at least for me I was able to view th........
  • Python and BeautifulSoup4's BS4's Decompose Method To Remove Unwanted Inner Tags


    < a href="/Products/MX72244"> < span class="c-shca-icon-item__body-name-brand"> ADATA < / span> &nbs........
  • Proxmox error uploading an iso solution


    Error 0 occurred while receiving the document root@vh1:/var/tmp# wget http://mirror.compevo.com/proxmox/proxmox-ve_5.2-1.iso --2018-08-30 16:27:37-- http://mirror.compevo.com/proxmox/proxmox-ve_5.2-1.iso Resolving mirror.compevo.com (mirror.compevo.com)... 103.25.61.44 Connecting to mirror.compevo.com (mirror.compevo.com)|103.25.61.44|:80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 641517568 (612M) [application/o........
  • gvfs mount in /run/user cannot be accessed or displayed wrong permissions


    The folder contents could not be displayed Backend currently unmounting drwx------ 10 userhere group 260 Aug 23 19:40 .. ?????????? ? ? ? ? ? sftp:host=192.168.8.80,user=adhoc ls: cannot access 'sftp:host=192.168.8.80,user=adoc': Input/output error $ ps aux|grep fuse one 253........
  • Linux bash shell doesn't show username, hostname or current path fix solution


    Usually this is because when you created your user you added a user but didn't create their home directory and/or for some reason your .bashrc and .bash_profile in ~ (home) is broken/missing. In your home just create the following files with the following content to solve it: .bashrc and .bash_profile. To apply it just relogin/start a new bash session # .bash_profile # Get the aliases and funct........
  • VMWare Vsphere VCSA Graphical Install Creates json


    yes it does create its own json ============================================ cat /tmp/vcsaUiInstaller/ovftool-20180809-175238948-20180809-175603497.log |grep -i json 2018-08-09T17:56:04.238-07:00 verbose OVFTool[30966] [Originator@6876 sub=Default] Manifest file entry: SHA1(VMware-vCenter-Server-Appliance-6.7.0.12000-8832884_OVF10-file1.json) = 1deb658c724767697587d5909c4051c01813e6a1 --> ........
  • VMWare 6.7 VCSA VSphere ESXi Management SSO Install Guide on Linux using the CLI


    #mount the VCSA DVD mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd #alternatively you could mount the iso directly mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path #for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux cd /mnt/cd/vcsa-cli-installer/lin64 #no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file ./vcsa-deploy Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
  • "Object of class WP_Term could not be converted to string"


    Normally when I've seen this it's when you are using a variable like a normal string when in fact it's actually an array such as this example: [Tue Mar 13 04:22:35 2018] [error] PHP Catchable fatal error: Object of class WP_Term could not be converted to string in /vhost/httpdocs/wp-content/plugins/wp-instagram-post/classes/class-woo-igp.php on line 578 &nbs........
  • Wordpress Instagram Post Modify Plugin To Add Tags


    I modified this code after quickly learning how Wordpress plugins actually work, how they're called etc.. was the first trick to modifying the code to add tags. Add this code after line 570 in wp-content/plugins/wp-instagram-post/classes/class-woo-igp.php &nb........
  • How to disable Google Fonts in Wordpress


    edit theme css: Click "Appearance -> Editor -> Stylesheet" http://yourblog.com/wp-admin/theme-editor.php?file=style.css&theme=twentysixteen textarea { color: #1a1a1a; /*font-family: Merriweather, Georgia, serif;*/ font-family: "Lucida Sans Unicode", "Lucida Grande", sans-serif........
  • [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec) [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] Init: Unable to read server certificate from file /www/ssl-certs/server.crt [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] SSL Library Err


    [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec) [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] Init: Unable to read server certificate from file /www/ssl-certs/server.crt [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] SSL Library Error: 218529960 error:0D0680A8:asn1 encoding routines:ASN1_CHECK_TLEN:wrong tag [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] SSL Library Error: 218595386 error:0D07803A:asn1 encoding routines:ASN1_ITEM_EX_D2I:nested asn1 error........
  • How to extract view contents of initramfs image gzip'd


    Very simple browse to your /boot directory It does make more sense to extract the image in its own directory eg "initramfs-blabla-dir" as it will literally extract directly to the pwd. cp initramfs.img someotherdir cd someotherdir zcat initramfs-3.10.0-514.el7.x86_64.img | cpio -idmv........
  • imagemagick pdf convert error solution - **** Warning: can't process font stream, loading font by the name. Can't find CMap Identity-UTF16-H building a CIDDecoding resource. Warning: falling back to Identity ordering **** Error reading a conte


    **** Warning: can't process font stream, loading font by the name. Can't find CMap Identity-UTF16-H building a CIDDecoding resource. Warning: falling back to Identity ordering **** Error reading a content stream. The page may be incomplete. **** File did not complete the page properly and may be damaged. **** This file had errors that were repaired or ignored. ****........
  • php read file into variable


    php read file into variable $content = file_get_contents(home.html); Otherwise if you want to get the source code of the PHP file, it's the same as a .txt file: $content = file_get_contents('/path/to/phpfile.php'); You can also get from URLs: $content = file_get_contents('http://someurl.com/file.txt');........
  • mencoder bmovl error vf_bmovl: Unknown command: ''. Ignoring.


    Based on this tutorial: http://www.linuxjournal.com/content/overlay-images-video-using-mplayer-and-mencoder mencoder -oac pcm -ovc raw -vf bmovl=0:0:tfifo -o $output $file vf_bmovl: Unknown command: ''. Ignoring. ........
  • ls in Linux with full directory path with files howto


    Normally an ls will just produce the actual contents of the current or target directory eg. ls mydir myfile1 myfile2 myfile3 But what if you need to find the full or relative path to another program that cares whether that be zip or etc.? You need the "-d" switch and the asterisk inside the actual directory. ls -d mydir/* mydir/myfil........
  • ENOM TRANSFER passwords do not match - solution


    The "passwords do not match" implies or makes it appear that your auth code is wrong but actually you have to click "View additional settings" and then see there are 2 password fields to manage the domain once it is transferred (the password is typed twice for confirmation). Simply fill out a password twice or remove the first password fields contents and all will be well.........
  • How Do you Open/Extract .WARC Internet Archive Files on Linux Ubuntu/Mint/Centos?


    Get the python "warc extractor" from here. WARC just seems to be such an unnecessary and complicated format. Why not use tar, rar, zip etc...? ./warc-extractor.py -dump content !http:content-type:pdf yourfile.warc........
  • The folder contents could not be displayed connection refused - solution


    This happened while updating Linux Mint/Debian/Ubuntu on a remote SMB/Samba share. Solution After waiting for updates to complete things will work normally but it really is strange that the service actually stops working or is disabled for so long during the update. It is likely the update process stops the serivce and only restarts after the update is complete.........
  • ioncube loader install howto on PHP/Centos


    Disclaimer, before starting this I do not like ioncube, it is great to protect your source code, but a big pain to setup this extension since it has to be done manually. Further, fi you do a PHPupdate ioncube may no longer work, causing important sites or services to not work (I wish authors would take another approach). 1.) Download from here:https://www.ioncube.com/loaders.php 2.) Extract the contents and co........
  • mdadm change wrong device name md127 fix and solution in Linux


    md127 issue, it should be /dev/md3 per mdadm.conf Any time something is mounted as md127 it almost always means there is no entry for this mdadm array in the mdadm.conf in initramfs (which is separate from your actual /etc/mdadm.conf). cat /etc/mdadm.conf ARRAY /dev/md3 metadata=1.2 UUID=b6722845:381cc94e:7a2c5b5f:8e3b7c4f The reason for this is something strange, most Linux OS's bizarrely always keep their own copy of /etc/mdadm.con........
  • wget ignore robots.txt howto


    wget -e robots=off It is as simple as the above and this is something one must watch out carefully when using wget because you may think you have archived or downloaded content when you never did due to a nofollow/robots.txt statement.........
  • How to modify HTML/Themeforest Themes to work in any path statically using unix/linux's sed command


    For themes and custom CMS setups, the typical HTML theme is not ready to go at all but here are some common sed commands (search and replace that will get most of them working without breaking as you'd expect). The problem is that often the theme directory will be separate from the content and this will break the relative paths that these themes use. sed -i s/'href="'/'href="/themes/yourtheme/'/g index.html sed -i s/'src="'/'src="/themes/y........
  • cp copy all contents of directory to another one including hidden files and folders howto


    cp -a /your/source/. /your/dest/ -a preserves all file atributes and symlinks the "." at the end of /source/ includes all hidden files such as .htacess, .bash_history, .ssh etc.. The / in /dest/ makes sure the contents go into it instead of replacing /dest itself (eg. if you did not have the / at the end).........
  • Apache Vhost HowTo Serve Same Content using a different domain and IP


    There are a few ways of doing this and all basically involve using the reverse proxy or "ProxyPass" feature of Apache to accomplish it. 1.) Create a normal vhost and simply symlink the root directory of the site you want to mirror. Eg. originalsite.com and newsite.com /vhosts/originalsite.com/httpdocs You would symlink like this: ln -s /vhosts/originalsite.com/httpdocs vhosts/originalsite.com/........
  • Dell CS24-NV7 lspci dmidecode info


    0000:00:00.0 RAM memory: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 Memory Controller (rev a2) 0000:00:01.0 ISA bridge: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 LPC Bridge (rev a3) 0000:00:01.1 SMBus: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 SMBus (rev a3) 0000:00:02.0 USB controller: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 USB Controller (rev a1) 0000:00:02.1 USB controller: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 USB Controller (rev a2) 0000:00:05.0 IDE interface: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 SATA Controller (rev a3) 0000:00:05.1 I........
  • Wordpress Plugin manual install how-to


    This is the most secure way since we don't know if using the built-in ftp method of Wordpress is secure (that is do they store, record or transmit the ftp login information to a third party like the NSA?). Upload or wget the plugin and then unzip it from the Wordpress website tot he following path of your wordpress: /yourwordpressinstall/wp-content/plugins Then navigate to the "Plugins" section on the left side o........
  • Postfix how to secure outgoing authenticated e-mails for privacy and hide the IP address, mailer and other things


    The most common solution is to use the /etc/postfix/header_checks but this is a big problem. Why is header_checks a problem? Because it does it to all mail whether incoming or outgoing and whether authenticated or not. We of course want as much header information for incoming as we can get for many reasons but many organizations want to secure and make their mail clients as secure as possible. I adapted this solution to the client's custom config, they are configur........
  • Wordpress Security Hole, Plug it by manually installing themes and plugins


    It's always bothered me how Wordpress basically forces the user to provide their hosting credentials to install themes and plugins. How do know for sure the data is not being saved, intercepted and being provided backdoor access to the NSA or other agencies or even just being misused by others with access? Here's how to close the security hole above and if you're already given Wordpress your credentials make sure you change everything associated it with it. Eg. change your........
  • CPanel Apache httpd won't start solution: Starting httpd: Syntax error on line 2 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Invalid command 'Alias', perhaps misspelled or defined by a module not included in the server configuration


    root@hkhosting [/]# service httpd start Starting httpd: Syntax error on line 2 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Invalid command 'Alias', perhaps misspelled or defined by a module not included in the server configuration ........
  • Update wordpress script


    Requirements: 1.) Enter your root wordpress directory. 2.)Download the latest wordpress.zip to it. #backup your current files just in case cp -a . wp-current-bk`date +%Y%m%d` unzip wordpress-3.7.1.zip rm -rf wp-includes rm -rf wp-admin echo y|cp -a wordpress/wp-includes . echo y|cp -a wordpress/wp-admin . echo y|cp -a wordpress/wp-content/* wp-content echo y|cp wordpress/* .........
  • Dell FS12-NV7 2U Server Information and Guide


    I've got one of these for testing projects from work at home and got more than I bargained for with the time I've spent on it due to the storage handing/Perc 6/i cards. My particular model came with the following: 2U Rack Mount Server with Rails 2xOpteron 2373 EE (Quad Core, there is a 6-core version that can be found at times) 16GB RAM 2 x 250GB Seagate SATA 2 x Dell Perc 6/i (horrible and a nightmare to work........
  • How to log all PHP based E-mails for abuse


    Step #1 - Create Wrapper Script vi /usr/local/bin/phpsendmail #!/usr/bin/php ........
  • Joomla Error - JFolder::create: Could not create directory


    JFolder::create: Could not create directory Plugin Install: Failed to create directory: This can occur when trying to upload content or when installing themes/templates. It's usually not a permissions issue per say but doing a 777 (which is very insecure) will fix it. But the real problem solution is that the owner of the files is different than the owner of the Apache process/server. Eg. if your Apache is running as user "apache........
  • MySQL Authentication fails after Upgrade to Version 5.5


    ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'contentmanager'@'localhost' (using password: YES) For fun I thought I'd reset the password: GRANT ALL ON thecontent.* TO contentmanager IDENTIFIED by 'dfdfsdfdsfsdfsd'; ERROR 1470 (HY000): String 'contentmanager' is too long for user name (should be no longer than 16) This is ridiculous that this new version has some bizarre 16 character username limit and not only that but i........
  • List of Free Public DNS Servers IP Addresses


    One thing to note about DNS servers and providers is that they aren't always trustworthy, not even if they're Google or your favorite ISP. Any DNS server can compromise your privacy, and they are likely tracking your browsing habits and keeping logs of it. Sometimes it's for Marketing/Research purposes such as Google's GMail service which they admit is scraped/datamined. I would expect nothing less from their DNS service. The other danger with such widely used and pu........
  • PayPal Solution - Error Detected Error Message We were unable to decrypt the certificate id. We were unable to decrypt the certificate id.


    Error Detected........
  • Drupal 6.2 Install and how to move install to root/non-subdirectory


    drup 6.2 install $cd drupgoodinst3883/ [ drupgoodinst3883]$ ls CHANGELOG.txt cron.php index.php INSTALL.pgsql.txt INSTALL.txt MAINTAINERS.txt modules robots.txt sites update.php xmlrpc.php COPYRIGHT.txt includes INSTALL.mysql.txt install.php LICENSE.txt misc&........
  • Yahoo Mail (email) DNS Server Out Of Date Problems


    I don't expect this to be solved soon but some of Yahoo's DNS servers are out of whack. I changed the IPs of some nameservers of some domains and now most Yahoo users can't e-mail to those domains! As you can see below by the "No MX or A records for mychangedomain.com", now Yahoo's DNS/mailserver DNS cache is wrong. You would think they would at least have cached the old incorrect records, but instead for some reason their DNS cache has no entry and doesn't seem........
  • 95th Percentile Billing vs Usage Billing, what's better?


    There are all kinds of threads and links on the internet, and this seems to be a contentious issue butI don't know why. 95th percentile is either a good deal for some or a big rip off for others, Ijust said it there :) But the reality is that for MOST people who transfer low amounts of data but burst to higher speeds such as 40mbit+ even for short periods of time, then you'll pay a lot of money to do that. Basically 95th percentile is an-old archaic method........
  • Enable SPAMASSASSIN on Postfix in 5 minutes


    Centos 5 Postfix and SPAMASSASSIN Tutorial yum install spamassassin chkconfig spamassassin on vi /etc/mail/spamassassin/local.cf ############## #required_hits 5 #report_safe 0 #rewrite_header Subject [SPAM] #5 is the least restrictive (means only the most obvious SPAM is caught. 0 is obviously the most restrictive/sensitive and would have lots of false positives require........
  • How to see what's inside your gziped CPIO'd initrd image


    Copy the initrd to somewhere else, say /tmp: mv initrd.img to initrd.gz *the mv to .gz is needed otherwise gunzip won't work/it will refuse to operate without the correct .gz extension gunzip initrd.gz cat initrd | cpio -idmv The last command extracts the contents of initrd to your present working directory. For 7z .lz initrd........
  • mdadm RAID 1 adventures


    I separated the 2 drives in the RAID 1 array. 1 is the old one /dev/sda and is out of date, while the separated other one /dev/sdc was in another drive and mounted and used with more data (updated). I wonder how mdadm will handle this: usb-storage: device scan complete md: md127 stopped. md: bind md: md127: raid array is not clean -- starting background reconstruction raid1: raid set md127 active with 1 out of 2 m........
  • Ubuntu 10.04/GRUB2 mdadm won't boot


    Moving to RAID was a pain. What you have to do is the following from an existing install: Install mdadm Create your mdadm RAID 1 array on your spare hard drive. Start it with the missing disk. rsync the entire contents of your current / to the md partition. Here's a good way of doing it: rsync -Pha --exclude=/proc/* --exclude=/sys/* --exclude=/mnt/* /. /mnt/md2........
  • PHP CURL SSL won't work or connect


    I spent so much time debugging this, most sites don't tell you a very important option to use with CURL and you will only find out this is the problem by running the PHP script from the command line you get the following output that shows the issue (I don't see any way to get this output from Apache itself). * About to connect() to ip.ip.ip.ip port 25000 * Trying ip.ip.ip.ip... * connected * Connected to ip.ip.ip.ip (ip.ip.ip.ip) port 25000 * succes........
  • WARNING: REMOTE HOST IDENTIFICATION HAS CHANGED! "IT IS POSSIBLE THAT SOMEONE IS DOING SOMETHING NASTY! Someone could be eavesdropping on you right now (man-in-the-middle attack)! It is also possible that the RSA host key has just been changed. The f


    @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ @ WARNING: REMOTE HOST IDENTIFICATION HAS CHANGED! @ @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ IT IS POSSIBLE THAT SOMEONE IS DOING SOMETHING NASTY! Someone could be eavesdropping on you right now (man-in-the-middle attack)! It is also possible that the RSA host key has just been changed. The fingerprint for the RSA key sent by th........
  • Canel Default VHOST DocumentRoot/Contents Directory is /usr/local/apache/htdocs


    This can be very annoying and CPanel doesn't seem to document it, or it's not found or made as obvious as it should be. It's always funny when I find it more difficult to work with a control panel than to do everytihng manually without CPanel or even Plesk. So once again, the default serve path for contents is: /usr/local/apache/htdocs and this is especially applicable when accessing Apache by just an IP which is unbound to any domain at this point.........
  • crontab Reference/How To/Info/Guide


    I can never actually remember the order and the number of parameters so here they are: minute hour day of month month day of week command 0 5 *........
  • PHP cannot access /usr/bin/openssl


    PHP cannot access /usr/bin/opensslI have verified the username that runs the process is able to access /usr/bin/openssl and it does exist but the PHP script is saying it doesn't exist: [code:1:1fd0f3abbe] if (!file_exists($OPENSSL)) { //echo "ERROR: OPENSSL $OPENSSL not foundn"; }[/code:1:1fd0f3abbe] I don't get itI can clearly see the contents of /usr/bin by using the PHP system fu........
  • Photoshop Tutorials


    Photoshop Tutorialshttp://www.lyzrdstomp.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=blogcategory&id=73&Itemid=86........
  • Centos 4.3 x64 & VMWare Server Beta


    Centos 4.3 x64 & VMWare Server Beta[code:1:6d0b2c8c2f] The correct version of one or more libraries needed to run VMware Server may be missing. This is the output of ldd /usr/bin/vmware: linux-gate.so.1 => (0xffffe000) libm.so.6 => /lib/tls/libm.so.6 (0xf7fbd000) libdl.so.2 => /lib/libdl.so.2 (0xf7fb9000) libpthread.so.0 => /lib/tls/libpthread.so.0 (0xf7fa7000) libX11.so.6 => not f........
  • How to avoid web content hijacking/copying/Force content to be accessed by only 1 domain name


    This is something that happens a lot and it is very dirty, as you probably know each site is hosted on a certain IP address. Sometimes a domain is hosted by a single IP address and the IP address defaults to this very same domain. This means that if someone buys domain abcd.com and enters your IP address (the one of your website) as the A record, your content will show up on their domain as if it was their own. There is an easy way to prevent this by using .htacces........
  • Linux/Unix Open SSH Login Without Password Key Exchange including Debian, Redhat, Fedora, Ubuntu, BSD etc..


    In those 4 simple commands you can setup mutual key exchange between two sshservers by using a single login shell session and single window. *Just change the IP address examples of (10.10.0.2) to the target of your mutual key exchange. It doesn't matter if the server is on a LANor WAN(well unless the server is behind a firewall and you cannot SSHinto it).........
  • Timezone Change/Updated for Linux/Unix Debian/Fedora/Ubuntu/Centos Change Update Time zone


    This way should work on all Linux machines, at least RHEL/Debian (Ubuntu) based distros but most likely all and also should work on many Unix style machines I believe. Many OS's have tools to update the timezone, but most of them (even if command line) require several bloated packages and even Xorg/KDE based packages etc.. Your time zone info file is actually in /etc/localtime if you open this file in vi/vim/pico you'll see it's gibberish (binary code or another encodin........
  • iPhone Safari Browser and TinyMCE Support


    This is unfortunate and frustrating as many sites use it, a lot of people are frustrated that TinyMCE does not work on the iPhone Safari browser. Apparently the developer of TinyMCE's answer is "talk to Apple about it" It's really frustrating although, I wonder if any other mobile phones are able to use TinyMCE or not, whatever the case is it would be nice to find a solution to use TinyMCE on the........
  • Latest Articles

  • ImageMagick Convert PDF Not Authorized
  • ImageMagick Converted PDF to JPEG some files have a black background solution
  • Linux Mint Mate Customize the Lock screen messages and hide username and real name
  • Ubuntu/Gnome/Mint/Centos How To Take a partial screenshot
  • ssh how to verify your host key / avoid MIM attacks
  • Cisco IP Phone CP-8845 8800/8900 Series How To Reset To Factory Settings Instructions
  • ls how to list ONLY directories
  • How to encrypt your SSH private key file id_rsa
  • Linux Mint 18 Disable User Name List from showing on Login Screen
  • Firefox Cannot Hit Enter Key In Address Bar and Location History Not Working
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager / CUCM IP 8.6,10,12 Install Error Solution
  • Ubuntu Debian Mint Linux SSHD OpenSSH Server Not Starting After Reboot Solution
  • nmap how to scan for all ports and not just the 1000 most common ports
  • Windows 7,8,10 and Server 2008, 2012, 2016, 2019 Read Only Attribute Won't Go Away
  • bind / named how to make a wildcard record and retain defined A records
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager 12 Install Errors on Proxmox/KVM
  • Local Vs Universally Administered MAC Address NIC Refuses to come up
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager 12 CUCM 12 - How To Enable Video Calling
  • Windows 7, 8, 10, Windows Server 2008, 2012, 2016, 2019 How To AC97 Audio Drivers and Other Unsigned Drivers
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager / CUCM IP Telephony Definitions