If you get error messages like this it is usually because /var/run/sshd does not exist.
root@userbox:/# service sshd status
● ssh.service - OpenBSD Secure Shell server
Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/ssh.service; enabled; vendor preset: enab
Active: failed (Result: start-limit-hit) since Wed 2019-04-10 02:24:44 EDT; 1
Process: 511 ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/sshd -t (code=exited, status=255)........
Do you hate how Centos 7 defaults to allocating most of your valuable space to /home even though it is a production server?
Here is a quick guide on how to take back that space live, while online (of course make sure you have backups just in case something goes wrong!):
First we will reduce our home dir by 100G:
lvreduce -L -100G /dev/mapper/centos-home
WARNING: Reducing active and open logical volume to ........
lvreduce -L -100G /dev/mapper/centos-home
Do you really want to reduce centos/home? [y/n]: y
Size of logical volume centos/home changed from ........
I tried to stop a qemu-img copy or clone and it broke everything. It was fine to "stop" it from the GUI but a process still persisted so I killed the relevant qemu-img and the kernel went crazy. It also may not have helped that I tried to lvremove a different volume (an unused disk). But either way it breaks LVM (you cannot even run lvdisplay) so a reboot is necessary.
Jan 17 06:45:21 testserver kernel: [ 5680.439337] systemd-udevd D 0&nbs........
initiator = client
target = server
These are the first concepts you should understand which is that in iscsi essentially the "initiator" is the client and the "target" is the server.
iSCSI is derived from the old fashioned SCSI that us oldtimers grew to love. The "i" stands for Internet and the SCSI stands for "Small Computers Systems Interface" (SCSI).
iSCSI Target (Server)Setup
targetcli is the pac........
Cisco's CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) is a system that combines voice, video, data and mobile products into a single unified management suite. At its core, the CUCMis like a "Super PBX" that controls the flow of all communications through an organization even single or multiple site deployments.
Cisco's CUCMmakes communication more effective and simple through centralized management and unification of communications resources.........
What Is Active Directory?
Active Directory is essentially an enhanced, centralized database with a set of objects that make user management, authorization, and data management simpler. Active Directory is synonymous with "Domain Controllers" where a single "domain" often consists of multiple sites and members of the domain. Multiple domains can also be joined to belong to a tree ( a collection of domains). And the highest layer is the forest whi........
systemd is like the service manager for your Centos and other modern Linux distributions (including Debian/Mint/Ubuntu) allows you to enable services, stop them, restart them, check their status and even reboot your system.
The key commands or arguments you will use with systemctl are the following:
list-units [PATTERN...] List loaded units
You can do other things but this particular script is just to set all AMD cards to 80% fan speed (remember this script needs to applied everytime you reboot). You could set it is a cron or just throw it into /etc/rc.local
for hwmon in `ls -1 /sys/class/drm|grep card[0-99]$`; do
hwmonname=`ls $basepath/$hwmon/device/hwmon|grep hwmon[0-99]`
BootModuleConfig.sh echo host-ind nfcd........
Server Side Config
1.) First install nfs-utils
yum -y install nfs-utils
2.) Configure nfs share
Create a directory for your NFS share
Create your NFS share in /etc/exports
echo "/datastore 10.220.101.0/24(rw,sync,no_root_squash)" >> /etc/exports
systemctl restart nfs........
Essentially a program I was running for mining did not terminate properly with Ctrl+C it is listed as defunct and cannot be killed, kernel is tainted and normal tricks to disable the port are impossible the dev and sys entries for the device cannot be browsed or interacted with in any form without a lockup of the request. The only solution is to reboot due to the kernel taint as far as I can find so far.
[1130246.811056] INFO: task minerd:21861 blocked for more th........
This is a 8TB Seagate external USB 3.0 device apparently newer kernels use a module called "UAS" instead of "USB Storage" which causes issues as a lot of devices are not properly supported in UAS mode by the kernel driver. The solution some say is to disable UAS specifically for your USB device but I'd rather just disable UAS altogether.
Solution blacklist UAS: *do not do this it does not work and just causes your USB 3.0........
In short the solution is just to use vgremove for the actual /dev/mapper device:
box mnt # mdadm --manage /dev/md8 --stop
mdadm: Cannot get exclusive access to /dev/md8:Perhaps a running process, mounted filesystem or active volume group?
box mnt # lv
lvchange lvconvert lvcreate l........
This was a surprising bug but I unplugged all drives for an array md127. At first it was just 1 drive and mdadm seemed to notice this. I unplugged the second drive taking the array offline but mdadm did not realize it was offline and still showed a non-existent disk as being part of it. This created problems trying to unmount it or even to stop this array with mdadm freezing.
As for how to fix it I can only think of making sure you are not in a mounted path of........
170110 5:35:23 [Note] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Normal shutdown
170110 5:35:23 [Note] Event Scheduler: Purging the queue. 0 events
170110 5:35:23 InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
170110 5:35:24 InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 0 12765401
170110 5:35:24 [Note] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Shutdown complete
170110 05:35:24 mysqld_safe mysqld from pid file /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid ended........
# yum -y install qemu-kvm
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Setting up Install Process
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* base: mirror.lzu.edu.cn
* elrepo: ftp.utexas.edu
* epel: ftp.jaist.ac.jp
* extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
* openvz-kernel-rhel6: mirror.fdcservers.net
* openvz-utils: mirror.fdcservers.net
* updates: mirrors.nwsuaf.edu.cn
I created a new partition table on a newly plugged in device and it caused fdisk to hang (even force kill does not work). It also may be a bad drive or some other issue because fdisk -l hangs after the first 2 HDDs (totaly of 8 HDDs on this system):
[1232879.903596] INFO: task fdisk:27176 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
[1232879.903607] Tainted: P&nbs........
I keep reading these drives are slower, but they are cheap and still SSDand work very fast for my needs.
As you can see the sequential read is 481-491MB/s, if I put them in MDADM RAID10 mode (normal RAID1) they should give me well over 900MB/s and with redundancy and being very cheap for what they offer.
[1232206.315622] scsi 8:0:1:0: Direct-Access ATA ADATA SU800&........
This happened while an mdadm array was syncing, all access from writing a new blank file to opening a small .txt file was very slow:
[222117.312078] kjournald starting. Commit interval 5 seconds
[222117.685060] EXT3-fs (md0): using internal journal
[222117.685096] EXT3-fs (md0): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode
[222122.376847] kjournald starting. Commit interval 5 seconds
[222122.602825] EXT3-fs (md2): using internal jour........
Here is the scenario you or a client have a remote machine that was installed as a standard/default minimal Centos 6.x machine on a single disk with LVM for whatever reason. Often many people do not know how to install it to a RAID array so it is common to have this problem and why reinstall if you don't need to? In some cases on a remote system you can't easily reinstall without physical or KVM access.
So in this case you add a second physical or disk or already ha........
For the first two entries comment out #mirrorlist and uncomment #baseurl and then it worked
openvz yum problem Centos 6.5 cannot find file on mirror:
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Determining fastest mirrors
* openvz-kernel-rhel6: mirrors.ustc.edu.cn
* openvz-utils: mirrors.ustc.edu.cn
I used the matching 8.3.13 utilities and it didn't work but strangely the newer 8.3.16 which makes DRBD complain works just fine.
GIT-hash: 83ca112086600faacab2f157bc5a9324f7bd7f77 build by root@sighted, 2012-10-09 12:47:51
0: cs:SyncSource ro:Secondary/Primary ds:UpToDate/Inconsistent A r-----
ns:0 nr:0 dw:0 dr:0 al:0 bm:0 lo:0 pe:0 ua:0 ap:0 ep:1 wo:b oos:5236960
./configure: line 91: cd: /lib/modules/2.6.32-042stab084.25/build: No such file or directory
Error: kernel version not found.
Please make sure your kernel is configured.
dr-xr-xr-x. 4 root root 4096 Feb 21 06:13 ..
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 45 Feb 21 06:13 build -> ../../../usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-042stab084.25
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Feb 12 20........
I flashed an LSI Logic firmware to it and it broke the BIOS (cannot do Ctrl+R) for booting purposes but allows other functionality to work normally.
I tried downgrading to a Dell firmware for Perc 6i but it won't work, not even with MegaCli
--2013-08-26 12:53:39-- http://downloads.dell.com/FOLDER00416606M/1/SAS-RAID_Firmware_W83M2_LN32_6.3.1-0003_A14.BIN
This is basically URL decoding to the decimal code but nothing in PHPworks how you'd expect it.
Here are online tools to verify and check your work, it's important when querying databases with non-English characters:
Charat code for PHP:........
Have you ever unplugged the wrong drive and then had to rebuild the entire array? It may not be a big deal in some ways but it does make your system vulnerable until the rebuild is done.
Many distros often enable the "bitmap" feature and this basically keeps track of what parts need to be resynced in the case of a temporary removal of a drive from the array, this way it only needs to sync what has changed.
To enable bitmap to speed up rebuilds and sync........
The size of the message you are trying to send exceeds a temporary size limit of the server. The message was not sent; try to reduce the message size or wait some time and try again. The server responded: 4.5.3 Error: too many recipients.
We set this in main.cf:
We didn't specify it before and the default is said to be 0/unlimited and it still didn't change anything.........
I'm running Ubuntu 10.10 with Asus NVIDIA GT430
2.6.35-32-generic-pae #65-Ubuntu SMP Tue Jan 24 14:06:16 UTC 2012 i686 GNU/Linux
Nvidia binary driver: 260.19.06
The screen sometimes completely freezes and locks up or everything starts going very slow:
[1903398.100007] NVRM: os_schedule: Attempted to yield the CPU while in atomic or interrupt context
[1903402.373210] NVRM: Xid (0001:00): 53, CMDre 00000000 00000080 00000000 00000005 00........
This is a very basic method and won't work in all cases but will reduce the chance of torrenting/abuse by your server users.
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --destination-port 6881:6999 -j REJECT
iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp --source-port 6881:6999 -j REJECT........
I like dd, although it only reads it, usually a read test of the entire disk will uncover if your hard drive is bad in some parts. This is a good thing to do at least once a month, a lot of times bizarre program behavior, laginess and crashing/unnmounting problems etc.. are due to a failing disc and SMART won't know it or indicate a problem:
We must also remember there's never a guarantee, I've found that ever since we moved to larger and more platters per drive with 1TB drives........
I thought only a faster CPUand SSDwould help but I already have a Quad-Core CPU and it wasn't being maxed out. The actual tests were performed on an AMD-V enabled 128MB dual core VMWare container though.
There is a flag that can be passed to make in order to start multiple threads, by specifying 4 threads I was able to reduce the whole kernel compilation time from scratch by about 50%! (65minutes vs 31minutes!). *Yes I did do a make clean before each co........
high IO wait
424 root 39 19 1900 848 552 D 0.0 0.0 0:00.91 updatedb
root 424 0.0 0.0 1900 848 ? DN Mar11 0:00 /usr/bin/updatedb -f sysfs?rootfs?bdev?proc?cpuset?binfmt_misc?debugfs?sockfs?usbfs?pipefs?anon_inodefs?futexfs?tmpfs?inotifyfs?eventp........
Many people aren't aware but recently Dual-Master Replication setups have become increasingly popular. That's because you get similar features and benefits of having a full-blown cluster (difficult to setup and maintain and requires I believe 3 servers just as controllers).
With a dual-master you just have a different off-set for the keys and you should be good, but of course there is the chance that at some point replication will halt because of an unexpected or unforseen error........
Jan 16 04:02:03 centosbox syslogd 1.4.1: restart.
Jan 16 04:07:34 centosbox kernel: INFO: task updatedb:20771 blocked for more than 300 seconds.
Jan 16 04:07:34 centosbox kernel: "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message.
Jan 16 04:07:34 centosbox kernel: updatedb D F78BE050 6476 20771 20766&n........
This made me nervous but it's clearly a cronjob based on the messages log that happens every Sunday at about 4:22.
I actually can't find any evidence of it in cron.d cron.daily but it is there somewhere obviously.
What I don't get is why doesn't this cronjob do a datacheck like Ubuntu's cronscript does? When you unnecessarily rebuild the array you lose your redundancy during that point which makes your data extremely vulnerable.
*Update I did a grep of &q........
This really made me nervous but notice the mdstat says "check". This is because in Ubuntu there is a scheduled mdadm cronscript that runs everyday on Sunday at 00:57 that checks your entire array. This is a good way because it prevents gradual but unnoticed data corruption which Inever thought of.
As long as the check completes properly you have peace of mind knowing that your data integretiy is assured and that your hard drives are functioning properly (I'........
I've only used it on Centos, soI thought I'd make a quick Debian guide:
Install the DRBD Package
apt-get install drbd8-utils
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them.
After an upgrade wine wouldn't open anything, not even the pre-installed notepad.
There are no wine logs and nothing is mentioned in any standard log file about why.
I finally decided to run wine from the shell and see what's going on:
wine client error:0: version mismatch 398/402.
Your wineserver binary was not upgraded correctly,
or you have an older one somewhere in your PATH.
Or maybe the wrong wineserver is still running?........
You'll see the following and the boot process will freeze:
io scheduler noop registered
io scheduler anticipatory registered
io scheduler deadline registered
io scheduler cfq registered (default)
I have struggled with this issue on vari........
Mencoder is great, you can throw anything at it, including video files from your camera and have it encode into xvid or almost any other format.
In my case I took 640x480 video from my Canon and reduced the size by 1/3 with the options below (there are many other options that you can read about in the manual but I like to keep it simple).
mencoder -ovc xvid -oac mp3lame -xvidencopts fixed_quant=4 -o ........
This is a great way to reduce MySQL code/mistakes/annoyance when doing things, take for example this statement:
INSERT IGNORE INTO sometable(CatName) VALUES("someitem");
Notice the "IGNORE", that is what does the magic.
Normally if the entry "someitem" existed you'd get an error message back such as "Duplicate entry for whatever". What I have normally done in PHP or whatever language is manually coded or made a........
I took an educated guess because it kept happening at the same spot when loading the XP install. I thought it was the hard drive or motherboard.
But it turns out my heavily used but loved NEC 3500 DVD-RW drive was the culprit. After disconnecting it and swapping it for another much beloved Pioneer DVD-RW, everything has gone smoothly.
I never ran into this or many issues because I've hardly used this drive since moving it to another Desktop years ago. I actua........
You can find it for free at http://nginx.org/ I find nginx is simpler to setup than pound (it's not hard but I found it unintuitive and annoying), it seemed to make some basic setups overly complicated with the config file syntax.
nginx on the other hand is perfectly suited in everyway, it is even simpler to setup and seems to be the most stable and most efficient any load balancer. I would go as far as to say that a good nginx setup is more relia........
Bash Script Infohttp://www.faqs.org/docs/Linux-HOWTO/Bash-Prog-Intro-HOWTO.html#ss10.5
Since bash i........
Load Balancing Tutorialhttp://redundancy.redundancy.org/fbsd_lb.html........
Other Security Web SitesSeveral websites actively track security issues. This list provides you with the major providers
of security information on the Web. Many of these organizations also provide newsletters and
mailings to announce changes or security threats:
Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security (CERIAS)
CERIAS is an industry-sponsored center at Purdue University that is focused on technology and
I played around with xmit power (how much power in mW) to see if I could increase the range and signal strength. Idon't think this Linksys WRT54G's strength is the wireless, it seems to have poor signal quality and transfer rates all around.
Ithink part of the problem is also that there are several wireless networks around my house that could be interfering and the walls are thick here.
Anyaway, moving on now :) The default is 28mW and I increased it to........
This really is a difficult and confusing process for non-Mandarin speakers, but here's what I've done and learned so far:
You can purchase an "M-Zone" China Mobile pre-paid SIMCard from almost anywhere but I tried to purchase mine from Suning (a large electronics dealer) hoping they would be able to help me or answer my questions but my plan didn't work out at all. At Suning once I found someone who spoke some English they gave me the 55 RMB M-Zone China Mobile P........
I've tried to find a good sensible solution to cluster with and each technology has it's pros and cons and there is no perfect solution and I've found a lot of "exaggerations" in the applications, benefits and performance of these different filesystems.
I first started off with DRBD and Ihave to say it does live up to the hype, is quite reliable (although it can be annoying to match up the kernel module and user applications since they must match and whe........
Backing MySQL Databases
Backing Up/Dumping All Mysql Databases To A Single File
mysqldump --all-databases -u admin -p > allmysqldatabases.sql
The "-all-databases" clause is pretty obvious isn't it? It means that it will backup all databases.
The "-u admin" means login using the user "admin", if you h........
Yes, Iadmit I finally got bitten by the hype as much as I can usually see through it all. Keep in mind this review is of the "stock" phone, no jailbreaking yet which is what really unleashes the customizability and whyI bought iPhone.
I had better things to say about this phone before buying it, and it is a great phone, perhaps the best on the market by far, if not because of the Mac OS port onto the iPhone and all the apps, etc, etc.
With that said........
I've read a lot of people complaining that their 1U servers are too loud for the office, home or whatever strange places people might want to put them.
Whenever Isee the question asked, "what can be done about the noise", you'll see a myriad of silly answers like "you shouldn't have it at home or in your office at all", "1U servers are meant to be loud".
These all might be valid points but they're not the solution. A good example is a........
Ithink there has been a lot of negative press towards Rackable Systems. We will give their new solution credit that it is marketed very well, and comes prepackaged and ready to go.
But let's cut through the hype of both sides, the people who love this concept and the people who hate it.
What Rackable Systems have done is a first, to minimize space, power and costs into small servers. This is great, and many companies have already built their own servers based........