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root@vh1:/var/tmp# wget http://mirror.compevo.com/proxmox/proxmox-ve_5.2-1.iso
--2018-08-30 16:27:37-- http://mirror.compevo.com/proxmox/proxmox-ve_5.2-1.iso
Resolving mirror.compevo.com (mirror.compevo.com)... 188.8.131.52
Connecting to mirror.compevo.com (mirror.compevo.com)|184.108.40.206|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 641517568 (612M) [application/o........
The reason for this article is because a lot of us don't physically see our hard drives they are often remote in a datacenter etc and the actual serial number we see in SMART is not enough to check for some manufacturers.
A good example is our first one the Toshiba
=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Device Model: TOSHIBA DT01ACA200
Serial Number: 33FMDW4AS........
The easiest way is to use SSH and DD or a combination of netcat. SSH will be a little slower due to encryption but is the most secure way (on two older systems the average clone speed is about 40-50MB/s). This is also OS independent as it doesn't matter what the source OS is because you are literallly cloning the drive so you retain the partition table and settings.
Clone HDD using SSH and DD........
I don't recall having this issue in the distant past but nowadays at least Debian seems to be very picky about this.
I used dd to copy one hard drive to another and tried booting it. Everything seemed fine with grub working but each time it would drop to the busybox shell. There is no particular error so this is misleading.
Normally the first things you would check are to make sure your fstab is correct (that the UUID is correct) and that you've updated grub.&........
Intel NUC J3455 vs Vorke V1 J3160
Both are excellent units but the J3160 is nicer if you require even lower power usage (6W vs the Intel 10W). The price is attractive on the Vorke V1 as well. It's been said that the Intel J3455 NUC has a buggy BIOS and some other issues that require attention.
The Intel J3455 is still nice because it has 2 RAM slots but it does get hotter due to lack of fan.
The Vorke V1 runs cooler, uses less power an........
Done on Centos 7.3 very important as clearly based on older guides it was a lot easier and more simpler! Hint do not use grub2-install!
One huge caveat if you are an oldschool user or sysadmin who has avoided UEFI booting
The normal way will not work here if your Centos was using UEFI. Newer systems use it by default.
The easiest way to check is to do an fdisk -l if your sy........
This is a 8TB Seagate external USB 3.0 device apparently newer kernels use a module called "UAS" instead of "USB Storage" which causes issues as a lot of devices are not properly supported in UAS mode by the kernel driver. The solution some say is to disable UAS specifically for your USB device but I'd rather just disable UAS altogether.
Solution blacklist UAS: *do not do this it does not work and just causes your USB 3.0........
This is a VIA made VL805 USB 3.0 Chipset with 4-ports and MOLEX powered. First of all this unit was cheap at about only 9 USD with fast shipping. My biggest concern was if this was a quality unit and would it really give you full USB 3.0 speeds (some people reported with similar cards that for some weird r........
I created a new partition table on a newly plugged in device and it caused fdisk to hang (even force kill does not work). It also may be a bad drive or some other issue because fdisk -l hangs after the first 2 HDDs (totaly of 8 HDDs on this system):
[1232879.903596] INFO: task fdisk:27176 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
[1232879.903607] Tainted: P &nbs........
sudo apt-get install zoneminder
[sudo] password for one:
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
libuser-perl python-evince kdebase-apps kwrite unixodbc
libgnomeprint2.2-data python-soappy vgabios python-metacity hddtemp
Motherboard: Gigabyte GA-3CESL: http://b2b.gigabyte.com/products/product-page.aspx?pid=2658#dl
Dell Part Numbers for the motherboard: R1232 R1232L R2232S SERVER MOTHERBOARD GENUINE 408P9 CN-0408P9
GA-3CESL Manual Download here
RAM Slots: 16 (8 controlled by each CPU)
RAM Type: DDR2 ECC 5300P........
[3805108.257042] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] 1953525168 512-byte hardware sectors: (1.00 TB/931 GiB)
[3805108.257052] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off
[3805108.257054] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Mode Sense: 00 3a 00 00
[3805108.257066] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write cache: enabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA
[3805108.257083] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] 1953525168 512-byte hardware sectors: (1.00 TB/931 GiB)
[3805108.257090] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off........
This server has been running for weeks without issue, it's currently only using 1 of 2 CPUs as it is running in the office as a test bed (mainly due to the handle 12 bay storage/great for testing HDDs). The errors below seem to mainly be from AMD CPUs, it's only happened a single time and in the days since I got that error it hasn't occurrred.
Interestingly enough /proc/cpuinfo still shows all 4 cores of the CPU (Opteron 2373 Quadcore HE) and the functionality doesn't seem........
At first it was configured as a RAID 0, then I deleted the Virtual Disk Group.
I thought both drives would be shown and detected in Linux as sda and sdb but it actually shows nothing.
To make them work you have to hit Ctrl+R before the system boots (when prompted) and create a Virtual Disk Group. In my case I created each one as RAID 0 (with a single drive only) as I just wanted JBOD but there is no such option or default in these Dell Pe........
Here's the link to the warranty checker and from there you can also create an RMA:
Note that the serial# shown in SMART is not complete as is the case for many other brand sof HDDs.
For example a 2TB Toshiba shows the following Serial Number in SMART:
Device Model: ........
[1433128.139339] sd 5:0:1:0: [sde] Unhandled error code
[1433128.139343] sd 5:0:1:0: [sde] Result: hostbyte=DID_BAD_TARGET driverbyte=DRIVER_OK
[1433128.139348] sd 5:0:1:0: [sde] CDB: Read(10): 28 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 08 00
[1433128.139360] end_request: I/O error, dev sde, sector 0
[1433128.139410] sd 5:0:1:0: [sde] Unhandled error code
[1433128.139414] sd 5:0:1:0: [sde] Result: hostbyte=DID_BAD_TARGET driverbyte=DRIVER_OK
[1433128.139420] sd 5:0:1........
I like badblocks and don't know a better more reliable way of checking the drive. If there are no errors from badblocks and dmesg doesn't produce any SATA related errors, the drive should be good (for now at least).
I also prefer to do read and write mode, yes it takes ages but it is really the best way of doing it. This gives me the most confidence in knowing that a drive, especially a new one is at least OK at the moment.
To test in read only mode........
This array is a RAID 1 and in this case 1 of the 2 drives failed (a WD drive and I've found them to be the weakest and most unreliable of any brand and are easily damaged/DOA when shipping them).
mdadm --manage /dev/md0 --add /dev/sdb1
The above assumes the array you want to add to is /dev/md0 and the device we are adding is /dev/sdb1
*One thing to remember is to make sure the partition you are adding is the correct size for the array. You can also g........
For years I've always built cheap systems believing that there is little difference in more expensive components when it comes to reliability and quality, I generally believe this still except for Power Supplies.
I've always bought cheap cases with nice sounding 350-550W stock/cheap/crap power supplies and haven't had any issues for the most part until recently.
One such case is an NGEAR case with a 550W Optimax power supply, I always read that these supplies don't produce the........
The first Hitachi Deskstar 2TB 5K3000 drive I bought arrived DOA for whatever reason (not recognized by the BIOS or OS). Perhaps it was shipping since I bought only 1 hard drive. When I bought 4 through another Vendor, all 4 checked out fine.
I was worried about the RMA process because a lot of people have complained about Hitachi taking weeks to send out their hard drive and almost implied the warranty is useless.
I'm happy to report that my experience was great a........
If you have a webserver and find you have high IO/lagginess MySQL is one of the first things to check. It turns out MySQL was my problem and it was creating a high load on my server, especially for IO.
How to Enable MySQL Slow Query Logging To Find Slow Performance/Queries
Add this anywhere under [mysqld]
log-slow-queries = /var/log/mysql/mysqlslowqueries.log
long_query_time = 1........
My mother needed a new laptop and I recommended her the same one I would have bought myself or my wife, that means the cheapest possible laptop with the most features for the money.
This HP shines at this price point and one thing that made me stay away from buying more and recommending HP/Compaq was the poor battery life. Not anymore, this model has an industry leading up to 4 hours of battery life.
Key Factors for Choosing It:
VMWare bridged adapter not working:
Message from system: The network bridge on device vmnet0 is not running. The virtual machine will not be able to communicate with the host or with other machines on your network. Failed to connect virtual device Ethernet1.
I'm not sure how to fix this but one of the issues is that my eth0 became eth1 after moving my hard drives to a new motherboard. I have run the vmware-config.pl but this did not resolve the issue.........
Go into the directory for your Virtual Machine and delete all ".lck" directories.
rm -rf *.lck
After that your server should boot.........
I found this article interesting, it basically says that with 2TB hard drives or larger sizes, you are more likely to encounter an unrecoverable read error. But is this just another Y2K doomsday? Don't HDD's have enough advanced hardware ECC error and read recovery to prevent this from happening?
I'm almost tempted to build a 3 x........
*Note OS X is strange to install, I thought my HDD was not being detected by you just have to go to Diskutil and create a partition for the root filesystem and then close/move the Window and proceed with the install.
After install Mac OS X 10.4.6 Tiger I get a black screen that says:
Most people say the partition has to be marked as "active", actually that just means marked as "bootable". Instead of t........
My XBOX's dashboard/firmware was from sometime in 2008 when I first bought the system. I mainly played using composite cables but at my brother in law's house we used HDMI. The very first time it worked, but then I bought some games that did some update and after that HDMI never worked.
The symptoms besides having on sound is that your XBOX will show PC monitor resolutions but won't have any option to say you have a 720P or 1080P display, this means the XBOX firmware is fa........
I've never understood how to enable and disable services for different run levels in Debian based distros, it's just weird, annoying and doesn't make sense. I much prefer chkconfig from RHEL.
Just install the package called 'rcconf' and be done with it. rcconf makes things easy for you.
apt-get install rcconf
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done........
I found that wattage/power consumption tool to be very useful, especially when you're worried that you're hitting the Power Supply's limit. You'll see very quickly that different CPU's, Graphics, Cards, HDDS use a wide range of energy. That tool can help you choose a build that won't stress or go over the maximum limits of your Power Supply.........
Before we start I take no responsibility for this, you should have a backup and if you make a mistake during this process you could wipe out all of your data. So backup somewhere else before starting this as a precaution, or make sure it's data you could afford to lose.
The RAID 1 Setup (Hardware Wise)
I've already setup my 2 x 1TB (Seagate) drives with identical partitions, make sure your new hard drive (the empty one) is setup like your curr........
Here are the results, it is Sempron 3000+ AMD Mobile, 500Gig HDD, 512MB RAM with shared ATI Radeon graphics.
# # # # # # # ##### ###### # # #### # #
# # ## # # # #&nb........
You can see the problem below, GRUB recognizes my hard drive and sees the partitions but cannot access them. This is from the GRUB boot disc I'm using.
What happened is that I had some power issues causing this system's power to be interrupted several times and basically an on/off on/off situation.
The system won't boot, I just get a flashing cursor and no message or error from GRUB. Obviously the problem is that my MBR seems corrupt or some other issue.