mdadm --manage /dev/md125 -a /dev/sdb4
mdadm: add new device failed for /dev/sdb4 as 3: Invalid argument
Dec 19 01:23:48 storageboxtest kernel: [ 2328.854491] md: sdb4 does not have a valid v1.2 superblock, not importing!
Dec 19 01:23:48 storageboxtest kernel: [ 2328.854499] md: md_import_device returned -22
#zero the superblock and try again!
mdadm --zero-superblock /dev/sdb4
Before getting into the output here is my typical experience with SMART, there is what I call a "bad disk" with pending and uncorrectable sectors that cannot be reallocated.
It has caused a kernel panic and system crash repeatedly as we can see from the logs.
But SMART says it has "PASSED" its self assessment. SMART is still useful to me but it is more about looking at Current_Pending_Sector.
Any time I have had anything but 0 for that attribute it........
nfs mount failed:
mount 10.10.2.20:/tmp/nfsmount /mnt/nfs/
mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on 10.10.2.20:/tmp/nfsmount,
missing codepage or helper program, or other error
(for several filesystems (e.g. nfs, cifs) you might
need a /sbin/mount. helper program)
edit theme css:
Click "Appearance -> Editor -> Stylesheet"
/*font-family: Merriweather, Georgia, serif;*/
font-family: "Lucida Sans Unicode", "Lucida Grande", sans-serif........
This was a surprising bug but I unplugged all drives for an array md127. At first it was just 1 drive and mdadm seemed to notice this. I unplugged the second drive taking the array offline but mdadm did not realize it was offline and still showed a non-existent disk as being part of it. This created problems trying to unmount it or even to stop this array with mdadm freezing.
As for how to fix it I can only think of making sure you are not in a mounted path of........
It is possible to tell mdadm to create an md device on a raw disk even though it will give you an error, it writes a superblock and this corrupts the partition table which can result in your system not booting.
To fix it just zero the super-block on the offending device that you made the mistake in.
mdadm --zero-superblock /dev/sda
It is also a way of starting fresh if you wanted to create a new array.........
Add the following to fstab where 192.168.1.125/Media is the samba share and where /home/homeuser/Downloads is where you want to mount.
Change user and pass to what is needed (if no pass is required it still works fine with the below).
//192.168.1.125/Media /home/homeuser/Downloads cifs user=guest,pass=bla 0 0
mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on //192.168.1.125/Media,
Here is the scenario you or a client have a remote machine that was installed as a standard/default minimal Centos 6.x machine on a single disk with LVM for whatever reason. Often many people do not know how to install it to a RAID array so it is common to have this problem and why reinstall if you don't need to? In some cases on a remote system you can't easily reinstall without physical or KVM access.
So in this case you add a second physical or disk or already ha........
Neither the blkid or the UUID internal to mdadm work to automount for some reason in Debian
partprobe doesn't work but was a good suggestion from: http://pato.dudits.net/2008/11/03/special-device-uuidxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx-does-not-exist-especially-with-lvm
mount: special device /dev/disk/by-uuid/431b9b96-29e8f298-e89bd504-7065bddd does not exist
mdadm -D /dev/md_d12
mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored.
Santrex never provided any working server, I believe it was just a dummy management Solus server because the server said it was booted but never connected to the console. I complained to them and eventually the support admitted the server was not working and to wait for 24 hours. I waited for 4-days, after which they sent an e-mail saying my service was being disabled for SPAM ...(when SolusVM shows 0kb of traffic). Th........
These are the only two I've encountered but here is the low-end and note my story is not at all unique.
In my case I was scammed out of money and did not receive any service at all from either company.
Santrex never provided any working server, I believe it was just a dummy management Solus server because the server said it was booted but never connected to the console. I complained to them and eventually the support adm........
Disable OpenWhois RBL (it is dead/defunct/no longer active):
You might see this in your headers
2.4 DNS_FROM_OPENWHOIS RBL: Envelope sender listed in bl.open-whois.org
comment out this inside /usr/share/spamassassin/72_active.cf
header DNS_FROM_OPENWHOIS eva........
I separated the 2 drives in the RAID 1 array.
1 is the old one /dev/sda and is out of date, while the separated other one /dev/sdc was in another drive and mounted and used with more data (updated).
I wonder how mdadm will handle this:
usb-storage: device scan complete
md: md127 stopped.
md: md127: raid array is not clean -- starting background reconstruction
raid1: raid set md127 active with 1 out of 2 m........
Create New RAID 1 Array:
First setup your partitions (make sure they are exactly the same size)
In my example I have sda3 and sdb3 which are 500GB in size.
mdadm --create /dev/md2 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sda3 /dev/sdb3
mdadm: array /dev/md2 started.
Check Status Of The Array
*Note I already have other arrays md0 and md1.
You can see below that md2 is syn........
In Ubuntu when quoting in a forum that would include a left < bracket it often appears garbled as a box with 003C inside.
Also with phpbb anything inside the "code" field appears garbled and as gibberish.
For some reason I can't find anyone else complaining about this and have not found a solution for it, but it's very annoying.........
I am a huge fan of Linux and the idea of OpenSource but I've said it many times, there are still hurdles in today in 2010 for Linux as a Desktop. Linux is still intended for servers at its very core. This can be changed succesfully though, as Apple has shown us with Mac OS X based on FreeBSD.
Half of the issue is lack of driver support and the other half is the Linux Kernel and Window Manages, KDE and GNome still both don't cut it (but they're getting closer).
Why would you want to downgrade the superblock? Old mdadm verisons like mdadm 2.5.6 only use the 0.90 superblock/metadata and new versions use 1,1.0,1.1 and 1.2 superblocks by default.
There are some annoying caveats with this, first of all the new superblocks (later than 0.90) CANNOT be read by GRUB, so you won't even be able to install GRUB. Even worse, old versions of mdadm CANNOT automatically detect arrays even if they were created with a new version of mdadm with th........
Which one does the OS care about? blkid says the UUID is "787f1fa4-b010-4d77-a010-795b42884f56" while md insists its UUID is "4d96dd3b:deb5d555:7adb93cb:ce9182d9"
When in doubt, do we assume the OS takes the one from blkid?
/dev/md0: UUID="787f1fa4-b010-4d77-a010-795b42884f56" TYPE="ext3"
[root@localhost ~]# mdadm -D /dev/md0
Version : 0.90
I successfully created a single RAID 1 partition which includes /boot inside it and my root directory through the Debian installer. It said GRUB installed successfully but when I try booting the OS it seems GRUB can't read anything.
When trying to boot from GRUB
GRUB Loading stage 1.5.
GRUB loading, please wait...
I get "Error 2" when trying to boot Debian. I also notice from a LiveCD that........
I installed 5.5 with a 300GB RAID 1 partition (boot is also on this partition). It booted up fine the first few times until after I used a Live CD and accessed the array, and it became named /dev/md127 for some reason.
Now whenI boot into CentOS I get a kernel panic and different errors, once I got "invalid superblock", even though the array is fine (it didn't happen again, probably because I was sure to dismount and stop the mdadm array properly).
It's not just as simple as running the chroot command, you need to ensure the /proc and /dev entries are passed through and populated to the chroot environment.
Step 1 - Mount Your Off-lineOS
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt
Step 2 - Mount Proc
mount -t proc none /mnt/proc
Step 3 - Mount Dev
Most guides will tell you to use this: mount -o bind /dev /mnt//dev but that doesn't work for some reason in many cases:
mdadm --assemble --scan
mdadm: /dev/md/diaghost05102010:2 has been started with 2 drives.
mdadm: /dev/md/diaghost05102010:1 has been started with 2 drives.
mdadm: /dev/md/diaghost05102010:0 has been started with 2 drives.
-bash-3.1# cat /proc/mdstat
Personalities : [linear] [raid0] [raid1] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [multipath]
md125 : active raid1 sda1 sdb1
14658185 blocks super 1.2........
Before we start I take no responsibility for this, you should have a backup and if you make a mistake during this process you could wipe out all of your data. So backup somewhere else before starting this as a precaution, or make sure it's data you could afford to lose.
The RAID 1 Setup (Hardware Wise)
I've already setup my 2 x 1TB (Seagate) drives with identical partitions, make sure your new hard drive (the empty one) is setup like your curr........
The dmg format is silly and annoying to work with, why couldn't Apple stick with the .iso standard? Anyway, there's an excellent Linux and Windows based tool to convert it back to a normal .iso Image called dmg2iso
I'll only cover theLinux version although the Windows pre-built binary works the same way.
Download dmg2iso here for free (from the author's website)
It's just silly and doesn't make sense that Ubuntu doe........