WARNING: Image format was not specified for '/mnt/space/cucm12.img' and probing guessed raw.
Automatically detecting the format is dangerous for raw images, write operations on block 0 will be restricted.
Specify the 'raw' format explicitly to remove the restrictions.
#you should manually specify the format
What you need to do if you have taken a dd or real raw image dump of a hard disk:
VBoxManage convertdd windows2019-eval-template.img windows2019.vdi --format VDI
The .img is the raw dd dump and the .vdi is the output file.
--format VDIspecifies to output to .vdi format
If you are in a pinch you can always use qemu-kvm binary and manually specify the .img as your disk and i........
You can find many ways to specify the VLANin your network configuration but Ifind this is the simplest and quickest.
In this case we are talking about a bridged adapter "vmbr0" but it works even if you just had a normal non-bridged interface.
The key here is that in vmbr0 you'll notice there is no IP address. We just specify "manual".
Below it is a similar stanza for "vmbr0.58" in this case 58 represents the VLAN (change........
The Correct Way To Resize In Place
qemu-img resize kvmuserwindows2008dcetest.img +1G
Below is a common mistake that some users make they are trying to specify a new image name but it can be resized in place (just make sure the VMis NOT running and you've backed up the data in case something goes wrong).
qemu-img resize kvmuser453111.img kvmuser453111-larger.img +5G
I had this error in an unsupported CPUon VMWare 6.7 and apparently this sometimes works especially on older VMWare versions like 6.5 5.5 etc (but in my case it did not).
To make sure it proceed when you see "Loading VMWare"
Then add "ignoreHeadless=TRUE"
See an example below:........
#mount the VCSA DVD
mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd
#alternatively you could mount the iso directly
mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path
#for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux
#no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file
Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
This is not the normal "black screen"issue and I was shocked to eventually find out why. The normal advice of reconfiguring Xorg didn't work. Even booting into "Recovery Mode" did not help.
Here is the short end of the stick that fixed it:
sudo apt-get install mdm mate-desktop-environment
Yes you got it right, mdm and the mate-desktop-environment / gnome were somehow uninstalled. This must be whe........
Just type the command:
By default it will boot the first local drive "0". Ibelieve you can specify a different number to boot a different device.
(will boot the 4th BIOS device)'........
ALTER TABLE thetable ADD newfield VARCHAR(255)
It's very simple just specify "the table" and then the newfield type........
pcimodules no longer works it produces nothing probably because the format of /sys/bus/pci is different.
lspci -k doesn't work on older lspci versions.
pciutils can be compiled but it won't work if you have an old system and compile on a newer glibc.
iteriate through /sys/bus/pci/devices/*/modalias
It is not obvious but the rsync --help
rsync --help|grep port
--port=PORT specify double-colon alternate port number
--port does not do anything at all actually for some strange reason it still uses 22
You have to specify a manual ssh command to make it work:
-e 'ssh -........
Done on Centos 7.3 very important as clearly based on older guides it was a lot easier and more simpler! Hint do not use grub2-install!
One huge caveat if you are an oldschool user or sysadmin who has avoided UEFIbooting
The normal way will not work here if your Centos was using UEFI. Newer systems use it by default.
The easiest way to check is to do an fdisk -l if your sy........
I am using a GTX 1060 but replace the download for the driver with the correct/current version for your particular card by visiting: http://www.nvidia.com/Download/index.aspx?lang=en-us
yum install automake curl openssl-devel libcurl-devel gcc gcc-c++
yum -y install kernel-devel-`uname -r`
yum -y install unzip
This is a common issue, what if a issue shouldn't have root but you want to use that user to make a full backup of a system? They of course need root access.
You can actually just give them passwordless sudo access to rsync in /etc/sudoers:
sudo vi /etc/sudoers
yourusername ALL = NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/rsync
Here is how you would execute rsync:
The key thing for the remote host is to........
*Update so this doesn't work it must be something to do with the path of nfs or something else but the installer fails with "Installer crashed" at the end whereas with the CD/USB it works.
This assumes you've already installed and configured a separate PXE/DHCP server somewhere else and your /tftpboot directory is setup.
This is for Linux Mint 18.1 but generally applies to most versions although you may have tro change things like "casper"........
It's very simple you just use the "-c" switch and wget will resume the file (make sure you are in the same directory) or specify -O /path/to/partialdownload.zip
wget -c http://someurl/file.zip........
Live migrating container...
Syncing 2nd level quota
11000: invalid option -- F
Usage: vzdqload quotaid [-c file] commands
Loads user/group qouta information from stdin into quota file.
-c file use given quota file
Commands specify what user/group information to load:
-G grace time
-U disk limits........
In this case we want to mount partition #2
fdisk -lu Centos-6.6-x86_64.img
You must set cylinders.
You can do this from the extra functions menu.
Disk Centos-6.6-x86_64.img: 0 MB, 0 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 0 cylinders, total 0 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
You need to use the Samsung driver but specify it as a CLP-360 (this is what I used for my CLP365) and incidentally most of these units look identical on the outside on inside (I've been buying whatever the latest C300 and now 400 unit for years which all seem the same with slightly different features that I never use).
Once again try specifying earlier models and revisions if the printer doesn't print (it will say it's been sent to the printer bu........
ERROR: make_io_childpair: cannot open ucast br0
You cannot specify ucast br0 without an IP address associated with it.........
OpenVZ has made vzctl version 4.7 default to using ploop which is a big annoyance. No one wants it otherwise we'd use Xen or KVM.
Make sure to manually specify vzctl 4.6.1 or you will have issues with old scripts breaking since it defaults to using ploop (a single image like Xen/KVM).
Here's a list to old versions of vzctl.........
Movie-Aspect is undefined - no prescaling applied.
videocodec: libavcodec (720x1280 fourcc=34504d46 [FMP4])
[mpeg4 @ 0x2c91c00] timebase not supported by mpeg 4 standard
Could not open codec.
FATAL: Cannot initialize video driver.
That is the error I would get, I thought it was a codec error something else. By fluke Isaw something about ffmpeg where someone recommended manually telling it to the "fps" and it worked.........
./configure: cannot locate gcc 3.x. please install it or specify with --qemu-cc
yum -y install gcc make
./configure: cannot locate gcc 3.x. please install it or specify with --qemu-cc
yum -y install compat-gcc-*
Error: Could not find alsa
Make sure to have the alsa libs and headers installed.
yum -y install alsa-lib-devel
On the same OS with the same kernels basically I cannot boot FreeBSD installer, I believe the issue is the host CPU.
One host runs an Intel and works, while an Opteron 2373 does not work despite suggestions from this thread: http://18.104.22.168/showthread.php?t=36761
I've tried cpu options like "kvm64" "Opteron_G3" and none........
htpasswd -b -c filename username "password"
-b = take the password that we specify in the command (don't prompt for it)
-c = create the filename
password=password (I use quotes because it breaks if you use special characters)........
Log in to your GoDaddy Account.
Click on "My Account" at the top left.
Click on "Domains".
Click on the "Launch" button for the domain you want to create the nameservers for.
The key here is to use the "uuencode" command but note that we specify the file name twice (this must be done at least on Centos or it won\'t work).
The first file.zip is the actual file we want to send.
The second file.zip i........
unoconv -d document -f pdf file.doc
Change "file.doc" to the name of your document. Note you could specify *.doc and it will convert all .doc's in the current directory to pdf which is very handy.
unoconv uses the cli from OpenOffice to do this, OpenOffice actually doesn't have an easy way I've found of doing this despite it having the functionality.
cat | grub --device-map=/dev/null
Now pay close to the attention of the beginning.
Type: "device (hd0) VPS.img" this is telling what hd0 will be to GRUB and we're telling it the disk image file "VPS.img" in the current directory is hd0, you can specify alternate paths and image names of course.
GNU GRUB version 0.97 (640K lower / 3072K upper memory)
[ Minimal BASH-li........
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
50G 1.2G 46G 3% /
tmpfs 7.8G 0&nb........
In my case I already copied the VIDEO_TS folder to my hard drive.
Here is the command for mencoder:
mencoder -dvd-device "myvideobackup/VIDEO_TS" dvd:// -ovc xvid -oac mp3lame -lameopts cbr:br=128 -xvidencopts pass=2:bitrate=-700000 -o myvideobackup.avi
Replace "-dvd-device myvideobackup/VIDEO_TS" with the location of your backup files or the /dev device of your DVD drive.
The -o myvideobackup.avi is of course the name o........
The size of the message you are trying to send exceeds a temporary size limit of the server. The message was not sent; try to reduce the message size or wait some time and try again. The server responded: 4.5.3 Error: too many recipients.
We set this in main.cf:
We didn't specify it before and the default is said to be 0/unlimited and it still didn't change anything.........
I am running a 64-bit host and was running a 32-bit XPguest which was crawling no matter what I was doing with it,in fact it frequently used 100% CPU power while having no real work load. I experienced with this other guests and wondered why KVM was slow compared to say Xen or Virtualbox.
This is because you need to use the "-cpu" flag.
For a full list of options run:
/usr/libexec/qemu-kvm -cpu ?
I've encountered this problem before and I believe it may affect other drivers (I could test but I don't have time). This was happening on my custom Linux system with the pcnet32 driver.
pcnet32: eth0: transmit timed out, status 97fb, resetting (and some other kernel module tracing in dmesg)
Basically it means the card is connected (it shows connected in full duplex etc.. and recognized if the cable is disconnected too) but no packets can be sent or received........
* All parts have been installed *
It really is as simple as:
cdrecord -v dev=/dev/sr0 pathtoyourisoimage.iso
-v is for verbose, I prefer it but if you don't you won't see as much output like below (I like to know the details and exactly what's happening)
dev=/dev/sr0 specifies the device name of your burner (they say not to use it and to specify some weird annoying device string but using the raw /dev has always worked for me and is how it should have been implemented from the start IMHO)........
I thought only a faster CPUand SSDwould help but I already have a Quad-Core CPU and it wasn't being maxed out. The actual tests were performed on an AMD-V enabled 128MB dual core VMWare container though.
There is a flag that can be passed to make in order to start multiple threads, by specifying 4 threads I was able to reduce the whole kernel compilation time from scratch by about 50%! (65minutes vs 31minutes!). *Yes I did do a make clean before each co........
smartctl -t long /dev/sda (note you can specify short, but it's not as thorough as long of course).
smartctl version 5.38 [i686-pc-linux-gnu] Copyright (C) 2002-8 Bruce Allen
Home page is http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/
=== START OF OFFLINE IMMEDIATE AND SELF-TEST SECTION ===
Sending command: "Execute SMART Extended self-test routine immediately in off-line mode".
Drive command "Execute SMART Extended sel........
Use "ImageMagick" which can be installed easily on most UNIX/Linux distros.
Remember that it will go with the standard file listing to determine the order but I believe you can manually specify multiple jpg's in the arguments.
Convert image/jpg to PDF
convert *.jpg yourpdf.pdf
This is a very handy and free tool.
Convert DOC/TXT documents to PDF
If you wanted to convert a .doc file or text........
Convert MBOX Mail files into Maildir using Linux
*You need perl an the TimeDate module
Get the free Perl script mb2md from the project/author's site:
#remember you need timedate or you'll get this error:
*remember to apply changes you need to run "newaliases" after editing /etc/aliases
one thing I don't get is that it doesn't allow you to specify the whole e-mail address on the left-hand side
postalias: warning: /etc/aliases, line 109: name must be local (if you try the above)
It works more like this:
genuine.com/IN: loading master file genuine.com.zone: file not found
_default/genuine.com/IN: file not found
I always found it silly that no one really talks about this and apparently many like me and even control panels like Plesk were still using hard paths. I always thought "why can't I just specify the name of the zone file and have bind find it". Surely the default search path must be /var/named or somewhere else but there is no such thing.........
Moving to RAID was a pain.
What you have to do is the following from an existing install:
Create your mdadm RAID 1 array on your spare hard drive.
Start it with the missing disk.
rsync the entire contents of your current / to the md partition.
Here's a good way of doing it:
rsync -Pha --exclude=/proc/* --exclude=/sys/* --exclude=/mnt/* /. /mnt/md2........
This error is annoying, in a Virtuozzo KB entry about this ip tables nat problem they say the kernel needs to be ugpraded:
The node runs 2.6.18-x kernel older than 2.6.18-028stab053.10.
NAT module does not work in container, you get "can't initialize iptables table 'nat'" error:
# iptables -t nat........
Mencoder is great, you can throw anything at it, including video files from your camera and have it encode into xvid or almost any other format.
In my case I took 640x480 video from my Canon and reduced the size by 1/3 with the options below (there are many other options that you can read about in the manual but I like to keep it simple).
mencoder -ovc xvid -oac mp3lame -xvidencopts fixed_quant=4 -o ........
This is a great way to use your ftp server space, for example on your web hosting account (althoughI believe many hosts don't allow storage like this), but if you have a VPS/Dedicated Server etc.., this would be perfect. Imagine how easy it is to work with an ftp account that you can just mount as a normal partition or directory in Linux, it would be great for backups etc..
curlftpfs - mount a ftp host as a local directory
Basically the two main types of distros are Debian and RHEL/Centos based. I'm just going to give a quick overview of how the configuration of IP interfaces works in Debian/Centos based distros.
*Just one thing to remember, when setting IPs statically you have to manually specify a DNS server in /etc/resolv.conf (since DHCP is what normally does it automatically)
The IP (DHCP &........
I installed 5.5 with a 300GB RAID 1 partition (boot is also on this partition). It booted up fine the first few times until after I used a Live CD and accessed the array, and it became named /dev/md127 for some reason.
Now whenI boot into CentOS I get a kernel panic and different errors, once I got "invalid superblock", even though the array is fine (it didn't happen again, probably because I was sure to dismount and stop the mdadm array properly).
Before we start I take no responsibility for this, you should have a backup and if you make a mistake during this process you could wipe out all of your data. So backup somewhere else before starting this as a precaution, or make sure it's data you could afford to lose.
The RAID 1 Setup (Hardware Wise)
I've already setup my 2 x 1TB (Seagate) drives with identical partitions, make sure your new hard drive (the empty one) is setup like your curr........
I have no idea why but mkfs.ext3 defaults to a patheticlly small blocksize of 1024 bytes/1KB (kilobyte). That means the maximum filesize is ONLY 16GB! With 2KB/2048 bytes you get a 256 GB maximum filesize, and with 4KB/4096 bytes you get 2TB!
I finally noticed/paid attention to this after realizing that with rsync and scp that no file larger than 17GB could be transferred. I then realized it must be a file size limit on the partition.
Here is what tune2fs tol........
I'm really starting to love ImageMagick, I've used it to mass convert/resize family photos with scripts and all kinds of handy things.
Today I just learned that you can create PDF files with it too, say if you have images scanned or anything else it's very simple:
convert *.jpeg output.pdf
You can replace jpg with whatever format your files are in. One thing to remember is that you can specify the order that the images/pages are added to the PDF manu........
Proxmox has made this free utility to backup running OpenVZ containers. It's a great program which is actually just a PERL script but gets the job done. This program is not 100% required because all it really does is cp -a from your container's path as far as I know but it is still good to have uniformity to how you backup your containers.
For RPM distros such as Centos/RHEL/Fedora etc.. download and install this:
Asterisk Queue Context ExplainedThis was never explained in voip-info or any other site I read.
It is understood you can escape to a context from a queue and how to specify it.
What is NOT mentioned is that the context= you specify within the queues.conf refers to a [i:882f1e0aee]context that exists in extensions.conf[/i:882f1e0aee][/b:882f1e0aee]
This will save you headaches if you need to escape from the queue :)........
View Disk Space Usage sorted by the sizeUse:
[code:1:8f675c5910]du -h | sort -n[/code:1:8f675c5910]
The -h in du makes it show Kbytes or Mbytes instead of just bytes making it easier to read. The sort -n will show the files in order of smallest to largest
*Note if you specify sort -nr instead then it will show the largest files first.........
CVSUp the Easy WayIf you're reading this you probably have never used CVSUp or don't know how.
CVSUp can be used for two things or just one if you prefer.
*Keeping your kernel up to date
*Keeping your port list up to date
Start by editing the following file in:
It can be quite overwhelming with all the crazy options.
Basically there are only 3........
camerawhich is a better digital cam to get a sony or a canonHey there,
I've only had an experience with the Sony, not the Canon. I think Sony uses the same lense as Canon from what I hear :).
Sony is damn expensive and there's no benefit over the Canon really. I don't know if Canon is the best, but I would pick them over the Sony.
You may want to specify which models you're comparing.........
There is actually by default a "Default SSL" vhost that can mess things up for you and can cause surprising and unexpected results.
Default Apache SSL Cert
in /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf there is a default SSL Virtual Host which screws things up by offering itself instead of the SSL cert I specify in my own vhosts........
Backing MySQL Databases
Backing Up/Dumping All Mysql Databases To A Single File
mysqldump --all-databases -u admin -p > allmysqldatabases.sql
The "-all-databases" clause is pretty obvious isn't it? It means that it will backup all databases.
The "-u admin" means login using the user "admin", if you h........
Server not using user level security and no password supplied.
tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_WRONG_PASSWORD
That happens when trying to use smbclient to connect to a share. The weird thing is that I can authnenticate just fine from Windows XP.
It is partially my mistake, I forgot this share does have a password. I've tried authenticating with the correct user and also with "Guest" because this works in Windows. In Linux I ........
There's a lot of information and guides on OCFS2 for RHELand Centos Linux but the package setup and configuration is slightly different and this has thrown some people off.
You should install the following packages to get started:
apt-get install ocfs2-tools ocfs2console
In RHEL/Centos the main configuration file is located in /etc/sysconfig/o2cb
However in Debian based Linux it is located........
This will give you the basic info needed to browse and connect to Samba shares from the command line. From the GUI of Gnome or KDE etc, it is pretty standard and straight forward. However, I've found very little guides on how to do it from the command line and if you're like me, a nerd who prefers command line for its simplicity and for remote use, this is the way to go.
First get a list of all the Samba/SMB shares on the target.
smbclient -L hostname........