• Linux and FreeBSD how to set time and date


    Linux Set Date date -s "YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS" date -s '2014-12-25 12:34:56' BSD Unix Set Date date yymmddhhmmss date 170809121156........
  • FreeBSD/OpenBSD OpenVPN Client error "Cannot allocate TUN/TAP dev dynamically"


    I have never had this error on Linux and this is running FreeBSD as root: Wed Aug 9 04:29:34 2017 us=329050 Cannot allocate TUN/TAP dev dynamically Wed Aug 9 04:29:34 2017 us=329832 Exiting due to fatal error The Solution you need a kernel module that is for some reason not automatically loaded like Linux: kldload if_tap........
  • Cannot allocate TUN/TAP dev dynamically - FreeBSD/OpenBSD OpenVPN Client error Solution


    I have never had this error on Linux and this is running FreeBSD as root: Wed Aug 9 04:29:34 2017 us=329050 Cannot allocate TUN/TAP dev dynamically Wed Aug 9 04:29:34 2017 us=329832 Exiting due to fatal error The Solution You need a kernel module that is for some reason not automatically loaded like Linux: kldload if_tap........
  • Directadmin compile error solution cc: Internal error: Killed (program cc1)


    cc: Internal error: Killed (program cc1) Please submit a full bug report. See for instructions. make: *** [ext/fileinfo/libmagic/apprentice.lo] Error 1 make: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs.... Stopping crond: ........
  • KVM on Centos 6.3 cannot boot FreeBSD 9.2 AMD64


    On the same OS with the same kernels basically I cannot boot FreeBSD installer, I believe the issue is the host CPU. One host runs an Intel and works, while an Opteron 2373 does not work despite suggestions from this thread: http://149.20.54.209/showthread.php?t=36761 I've tried cpu options like "kvm64" "Opteron_G3" and none........
  • LSI MegaRAID Adventures, Guide and HowTo


    LSi Megaraid At first it was configured as a RAID 0, then I deleted the Virtual Disk Group. I thought both drives would be shown and detected in Linux as sda and sdb but it actually shows nothing. To make them work you have to hit Ctrl+R before the system boots (when prompted) and create a Virtual Disk Group. In my case I created each one as RAID 0 (with a single drive only) as I just wanted JBOD but there is no such option or default in these Dell Pe........
  • Directadmin Log File Locations


    This is a handy link and list of all the relevant Directadmin log files and related servers. http://help.directadmin.com/item.php?id=11 DirectAdmin: /var/log/directadmin/error.log /var/log/directadmin/errortaskq.log /var/log/directadmin/system.log /var/log/directadmin/security.log Apache:........
  • Postfix/Any Email Server check for Open Relay


    The first thing you need to remember is not to check from the same host/server itself. This is a silly mistake I made, the reason is that many mailservers and especially postfix are configured to allow relaying from the localhost/same host. If you do that you'll get a false positive. *Make sure you test from another host/system than the mail server itself! telnet yourmailserverhost.com 25 220 Courier (FreeBS........
  • Ubuntu 10.04 Linux is still not ready for the Desktop world


    I am a huge fan of Linux and the idea of OpenSource but I've said it many times, there are still hurdles in today in 2010 for Linux as a Desktop. Linux is still intended for servers at its very core. This can be changed succesfully though, as Apple has shown us with Mac OS X based on FreeBSD. Half of the issue is lack of driver support and the other half is the Linux Kernel and Window Manages, KDE and GNome still both don't cut it (but they're getting closer). I'll........
  • freebsd-update *Updates binary packages*


    freebsd-update *Updates binary packages*[code:1:5ea2818369]pkg_add -r freebsd-update[/code:1:5ea2818369] Great for security updates/patches........
  • GRUB Boot FreeBSD


    GRUB Boot FreeBSD[code:1:a7050277b7]title FreeBSD 6.0 root (hd0,2,a) kernel /boot/loader[/code:1:a7050277b7] Just insert the above code into GRUB's [b:a7050277b7]menu.lst[/b:a7050277b7] and make sure you set the root path correctly. [quote:a7050277b7]Let's quickly explain what the root (hd0,2,a) means: *hd0 stands for the primary master drive *2 stands for partition 3 *a stands for the........
  • Mount Linux ext2 file system


    Mount Linux ext2 file systemNormally in Linux you could mount ext2 or ext3 etc... like this: mount -t ext2 /dev/hda1 /mnt/hda1/ In FreeBSD the difference is of course the disk naming conventions (hda1 would be known a /dev/ad0s1): To mount ext2 in FreeBSD just type: mount -t ext2[b:68c16c60bf]fs[/b:68c16c60bf] /dev/ad0s1 /mnt/ad0s1........
  • Asterisk FreeBSD compile problems


    Asterisk FreeBSD compile problemsI couldn't get it to compile without using the following options at compile time: [b:b7d672ee28] make install WITHOUT_ZAPTEL=YES WITHOUT_MYSQL=YES WITHOUT_FAX=YES WITHOUT_ODBC=YES WITHOUT_H323=YES[/b:b7d672ee28]Some problems you might have with copying over your Linux config files to FreeBSD is different paths. [b:f044931f41]For example the etc path for Asterisk on BSD will now be:[/b:f044931f41] [qu........
  • Problems surfing web/serving


    Problems surfing web/servingI noticed sometimes websites wouldn't load at random through a FreeBSD box and other systems on the same link didn't have the issue. I believe it is because of the low default limit of 128 TCP connections that caused the problem. It would also slow down any traffic that requires many connections such as Bittorrent. The fix is to increase the amount of connections to at least 1024 Edit [b:520b050d3e]/etc/sysctl.conf[/b:520b05........
  • Telus + 2Wire 2700 Router Horrible


    Telus + 2Wire 2700 Router HorribleWell first of all let me say this is the only router/switch that sometimes seems to crash/disconnect computers on the local network. This device also thought it would be smart to block VOIP packets coming from my Sipura ATA VOIP adapters so I disabled the [quote:cb89ba7bff]"Invalid TCP Flag Attacks (NULL/XMAS/Other)"[/quote:cb89ba7bff] option Then all of a sudden I couldn't get onto any web pages, the wireless........
  • Linux Unix Xorg X Server Intel Extreme i810 Graphics Problem


    Linux Unix Xorg X Server Intel Extreme i810 Graphics Problem(EE) I810(0): No Video BIOS modes for chosen depth. (EE) Screen(s) found, but none have a usable configuration. I have a new Dell PC with one of the latest Intel Extreme Graphics on-board crap. From what I can see any Linux/Unix/FreeBSD versions running XFree86 or Xorg from years ago or the latest version today will have this problem. It's easily corrected FOR MOST people. Go into your........
  • Xorg fonts missing Xorg.0.log


    Xorg fonts missing Xorg.0.logThis happened on a PCBSD installation but it could happen on any Unix/Linux Xorg installation: If the text on your screen is too small and you're running at a high resolution if you do a [code:1:04ca0d3455]cat /var/log/Xorg.0.log | more [/code:1:04ca0d3455] You'll see a bunch of fonts missing, specifically the 75dpi and 100dpi ones that you really need :) (WW) The directory "/usr/X11........
  • Upgrade FreeBSD


    Upgrade FreeBSD/usr/source/ make build world, make build kernel, make install kernel, make install world I'll test this later on and see if it works!Here is a good guide to update FreeBSD: http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/makeworld.html........
  • Starting/Creating Services


    Starting/Creating Serviceshttp://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/configtuning-starting-services.html That might help........
  • FreeBSD Mirror Sites


    FreeBSD Mirror Siteshttp://mirrorlist.freebsd.org/FBSDsites.php........
  • BMP is the best FreeBSD/Unix MP3 player I can find


    BMP is the best FreeBSD/Unix MP3 player I can findSeems like a better written XMMS that uses Winamp skins http://www.sosdg.org/~larne/w/BMP_Homepage........
  • Tutorials on port upgrades


    Tutorials on port upgradesnice to see a FreeBSD forum http://www.redantigua.com/portupgrade.html http://www.onlamp.com/pub/a/bsd/2003/08/28/FreeBSD_Basics.html?page=2........
  • FreeBSD Desktop OSs


    FreeBSD Desktop OSsI would probably choose these over Linux. In many ways these are probably more stable and just as easy to use as any Linux distros but the benefit of stable, updated and secure packages! PC-BSD - http://www.pcbsd.org DesktopBSD - http://www.desktopbsd.net/index.php?id=37 Personally PC-BSD is Beta at this point and is not easy if you are installing it on a non-primary partition. I have not used Deskt........
  • FreeBSD detected my burners as normal CD-ROMs


    FreeBSD detected my burners as normal CD-ROMsDoes anyone know how to fix this?Having the same issue here .....I'll let you know once I solve it :)........
  • Mounting NTFS in Unix


    Mounting NTFS in UnixJust a quick tutorial to mount your NTFS volumes in Unix (FreeBSD/Linux) [quote:4a9de7bf80]mount -t ntfs -o umask=0 /dev/your_partition /mnt/your_mount_point[/quote:4a9de7bf80] [b:4a9de7bf80]-o umask=0[/b:4a9de7bf80] is to ensure all users can access the mounted partition (otherwise don't use it and only root can access the mounted partition) [b:4a9de7bf80]-t ntfs[/b:4a9de7bf80] is simple because it just lets mount kno........
  • Helpful IPFW Examples


    Helpful IPFW ExamplesSomeone's real life examples: http://lists.freebsd.org/pipermail/freebsd-security/2004-July/002181.html Or you can try the FreeBSD Handbook guide: http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/firewalls-ipfw.html........
  • Great FreeBSD Security DOS tutorial


    Great FreeBSD Security DOS tutorialhttp://www.onlamp.com/pub/a/bsd/2004/06/24/anti_dos.html........
  • RAID1 using Gmirror Tutorial


    RAID1 using Gmirror Tutorialhttp://www.onlamp.com/pub/a/bsd/2005/11/10/FreeBSD_Basics.html........
  • Package management


    Package managementIf you're like me and often like using an older version you'll need to know this. Since all 5.x versions no longer have packages of their own you'll have to use the 5-stable The best way is to set the [b:d5e8972240]packagesite environment variable[/b:d5e8972240] like so in your [b:d5e8972240].profile [/b:d5e8972240]file [quote:d5e8972240]vi /etc/.profile[/quote:d5e8972240] Add this: [code:1:d5e897224........
  • CVSUp the Easy Way


    CVSUp the Easy WayIf you're reading this you probably have never used CVSUp or don't know how. CVSUp can be used for two things or just one if you prefer. *Keeping your kernel up to date *Keeping your port list up to date Start by editing the following file in: [b:76928b387d]vi /usr/share/examples/cvsup/cvs-upfile[/b:76928b387d] It can be quite overwhelming with all the crazy options. Basically there are only 3........
  • gnuCash - Alternative to Quickbooks/Quicken and other COTS accounting software.


    gnuCash is available for all main platforms, Linux/Unix, MacOS (FreeBSD anyway), and Windows. You can download gnuCash free from here. It does seem to be fairly full featured and somewhat straight forward, but like so many programs it is missing a few key features or things don't work quite right. It doesn't support importation of CSV files, which is a big minus. And the developers rather than wanting to add support have just dec........
  • Writing/Burning a data CD-R/DVD-R or DVD+RW in Unix/Linux


    There's a lot of outdated information and confusion for system administrator's out there. One annoying task for many an Administrator has been backing up data in Linux. You don't need any GUI tools such as K3B or GnomeBaker. Both are excellent tools but for veteran command line users working remotely, using the keyboard is a great and possibly automated way to save yourself pain and hassle. At a later date we'll cover how scripting can automatically backup certain........
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