In most of the Cisco router IOS I find the ports like ge0/0 ge0/1 and ge0/2 or whatever your ports are down. They will not even give you a link light. So one of the first tasks should be getting the port you are working with up.
In my case the first goal is often connectivity with the LAN and WAN.
LAN = your local area network (eg. in the office/home )
WAN= your ISP/public internet (eg. fiber/cable/dsl/ethernet).
In these examples I as........
Do you hate how Centos 7 defaults to allocating most of your valuable space to /home even though it is a production server?
Here is a quick guide on how to take back that space live, while online (of course make sure you have backups just in case something goes wrong!):
First we will reduce our home dir by 100G:
lvreduce -L -100G /dev/mapper/centos-home
WARNING: Reducing active and open logical volume to ........
lvreduce -L -100G /dev/mapper/centos-home
Do you really want to reduce centos/home? [y/n]: y
Size of logical volume centos/home changed from ........
--2018-08-16 05:11:16-- https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe
Resolving downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)... 184.108.40.206
Connecting to downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)|220.127.116.11|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 1525561 (1.5........
#mount the VCSA DVD
mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd
#alternatively you could mount the iso directly
mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path
#for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux
#no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file
Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
This error is commonly due to Java security or TLS settings but there is a second issue with forwarded ports that also causes it.
1. Java Security/TLS Settings issue:
This article has the solution to change them all in Linux automatically
2. Port Forwarding Issue if your Avocent DSR is behind NAT/private IP........
In short the solution is just to use vgremove for the actual /dev/mapper device:
box mnt # mdadm --manage /dev/md8 --stop
mdadm: Cannot get exclusive access to /dev/md8:Perhaps a running process, mounted filesystem or active volume group?
box mnt # lv
lvchange lvconvert lvcreate l........
sudo fdisk /dev/sdh
WARNING: GPT (GUID Partition Table) detected on '/dev/sdh'! The util fdisk doesn't support GPT. Use GNU Parted.
WARNING: The size of this disk is 8.0 TB (8001563221504 bytes).
DOS partition table format can not be used on drives for volumes
larger than (2199023255040 bytes) for 512-byte sectors. Use parted(1) and GUID
partition table format (GPT).
The device presents a l........
This can happen because port 80 is not open, or your license has expired and/or your IP is out of date and also if the license server itself from cPanel is having issues.
In most cases as long as you have a valid license the following command will solve it:
Updating cPanel license...Done. Update succeeded.
Building global cache for cpanel...Done
Download from here http://www.avagotech.com/products/server-storage/host-bus-adapters/sas-9200-8e#downloads
sudo Installer_P20_for_Linux/sas2flash_linux_i686_x86-64_rel/sas2flash -listall
LSI Corporation SAS2 Flash Utility
Version 20.00.00.00 (2014.09.18)
Copyright (c) 2008-2014 LSI Corporation. All rights reserved
1, Enter the command prompt
Start -> cmd
2. Start diskpart
3. Find the drive that has the wrong size
4. Select the volume (in this example we use volume 2)
select volume 2
5. Extend the volume
*Note the "exten........
I never did get it working, it is too bad as obfsproxy should really be an option and integrated into the OpenVPN client and server or something similar:
yum -y install python-pip python-devel
No package python-pip available.
#install the EPEL repo
python-pip install obfsproxy
python-pip install obfsproxy
-bash: python-pip: command not found
pip install obfsproxy
I'm not sure why I'm getting these but all memory modules are the exact same and all passed memtest successfully although they are ECC. I've heard that ECC RAM can't be tested as well and the kernel seems to indicate they are non-fatl recoverable errors. I wonder if the BIOS has aggressive RAM timing or maybe the controller or motherboard is bad.
[ 12.716515] EDAC MC: Ver: 2.1.0
[ 12.717771] EDAC MC0: Giving out device to........
drbd 8.3 hard drive failure recovery
drbdadm attach r0
DRBD module version: 8.3.10
userland version: 8.3.8
you should upgrade your drbd tools!
0: Failure: (119) No valid meta-data signature found.
==> Use 'drbdadm create-md res' to initialize meta-data area. ........
# first we need a physical volume which we use the pvcreate tool to create
# I create mine on /dev/sdb3
dev_is_mpath: failed to get device for 8:19
Physical volume "/dev/sdb3" successfully created
# pvdisplay shows the newly created volume
"/dev/sdb3" is a new physical volume of "1.35 TiB"
--- NEW Physical volume ---
lvextend -L +10G /dev/kvmvm/w2k8r2evalstandard
Extending logical volume w2k8r2evalstandard to 20.00 GiB
Logical volume w2k8r2evalstandard successfully resized
The above adds 10GB to the logical volume. Of course you must resize the filesystem using other tools to take advantage of the space.........
One thing to remember is that you need MegaCli to do the flashing.
You also need the correct file,I tried at least 2 different Perc 6 firmwares from Dell that kept getting rejected as corrupt by MegaCli(they were really the wrong version). I have an external PCI-E Dell 6 Perc/I butI chose images from the 'Integrated" on motherboard version as it was allI could find. They are different, and below is my first time finding success.........
I flashed an LSI Logic firmware to it and it broke the BIOS (cannot do Ctrl+R) for booting purposes but allows other functionality to work normally.
I tried downgrading to a Dell firmware for Perc 6i but it won't work, not even with MegaCli
--2013-08-26 12:53:39-- http://downloads.dell.com/FOLDER00416606M/1/SAS-RAID_Firmware_W83M2_LN32_6.3.1-0003_A14.BIN
mysqldump: Couldn't execute 'show create table `general_log`': SHOW command denied to user 'user'@'localhost' for table 'general_log' (1142)
One of my clients almost found out the hard way, here is an unlikely situation that happened.
1.) Years ago the client had another VPS to which they backed up a BLOG nightly to an .sql file, what they forgot is that the file also contained all databases (they used the --all-databases option but forgot). So imagi........
I've encountered this problem before and I believe it may affect other drivers (I could test but I don't have time). This was happening on my custom Linux system with the pcnet32 driver.
pcnet32: eth0: transmit timed out, status 97fb, resetting (and some other kernel module tracing in dmesg)
Basically it means the card is connected (it shows connected in full duplex etc.. and recognized if the cable is disconnected too) but no packets can be sent or received........
This assumes that you've at least created the correct partition for your DRBD already.
Notice that I am "diskless", that's because either your DRBD partition doesn't exist/has been renamed (eg. sdb becomes sda when sdb dies and you reboot) or because that drive is really actually dead/gone.
*If you need to permanently change the partition/device for your resource be sure to edit /etc/drbd.conf on both hosts and reload the config.
(replace r0 with........
The first thing you need to remember is not to check from the same host/server itself. This is a silly mistake I made, the reason is that many mailservers and especially postfix are configured to allow relaying from the localhost/same host. If you do that you'll get a false positive.
*Make sure you test from another host/system than the mail server itself!
telnet yourmailserverhost.com 25
220 Courier (FreeBS........
I've only used it on Centos, soI thought I'd make a quick Debian guide:
Install the DRBD Package
apt-get install drbd8-utils
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them.
I spent so much time debugging this, most sites don't tell you a very important option to use with CURL and you will only find out this is the problem by running the PHP script from the command line you get the following output that shows the issue (I don't see any way to get this output from Apache itself).
* About to connect() to ip.ip.ip.ip port 25000
* Trying ip.ip.ip.ip... * connected
* Connected to ip.ip.ip.ip (ip.ip.ip.ip) port 25000
This has stumped me a few times because I keep forgetting that Centos 5.5 comes with a default iptables configuration that ends up blocking DRBD traffic,I tried all the normal things and couldn't understand why I couldn't make my normal DRBD config work. So if you have WFConnection problems and have tried the normal "mailing list" fixes, check your firewall status first!
Both Nodes Say the Following:
version: 8.3.8 (api:88/prot........
I successfully created a single RAID 1 partition which includes /boot inside it and my root directory through the Debian installer. It said GRUB installed successfully but when I try booting the OS it seems GRUB can't read anything.
When trying to boot from GRUB
GRUB Loading stage 1.5.
GRUB loading, please wait...
I get "Error 2" when trying to boot Debian. I also notice from a LiveCD that........
Intel's Finnish FetishIntel's Finnish Fetish
By Dave Mock
June 13, 2005
Chipmaker Intel (NASDAQ: INTC) has successfully topped the personal computer market for decades. Breaking into related areas such as communications has been much difficult for the world's largest semiconductor maker. But a new partnership with Nokia (NYSE: NOK) could help to change that.
Intel's forays into cellular-phone and home-entertaiment-device chips have........
This happened with a select statement which writes the result to an external file. I didn't remember the privilege "FILE" must be granted on *.* for this to work successfully, it wasn't actually an authentication issue as it implies since I was already in the SQL prompt and doing the query.
INTO OUTFILE '/tmp/result.txt'........
I didn't find any useful information that actually fixed this. My VPS was in the "Running State" and I could not stop or restart it. I kept getting "Container already locked" no matter what Idid (I tried all the suggestions in the Google results for this error).
Most of the suggestions were for Windows but I only use Linux. The other solutioins also said to restart the VZ service or even the entire hostnode and this was not acceptable to me........
This really is a difficult and confusing process for non-Mandarin speakers, but here's what I've done and learned so far:
You can purchase an "M-Zone" China Mobile pre-paid SIMCard from almost anywhere but I tried to purchase mine from Suning (a large electronics dealer) hoping they would be able to help me or answer my questions but my plan didn't work out at all. At Suning once I found someone who spoke some English they gave me the 55 RMB M-Zone China Mobile P........
Backing MySQL Databases
Backing Up/Dumping All Mysql Databases To A Single File
mysqldump --all-databases -u admin -p > allmysqldatabases.sql
The "-all-databases" clause is pretty obvious isn't it? It means that it will backup all databases.
The "-u admin" means login using the user "admin", if you h........
The dmg format is silly and annoying to work with, why couldn't Apple stick with the .iso standard? Anyway, there's an excellent Linux and Windows based tool to convert it back to a normal .iso Image called dmg2iso
I'll only cover theLinux version although the Windows pre-built binary works the same way.
Download dmg2iso here for free (from the author's website)
It's just silly and doesn't make sense that Ubuntu doe........
Server not using user level security and no password supplied.
tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_WRONG_PASSWORD
That happens when trying to use smbclient to connect to a share. The weird thing is that I can authnenticate just fine from Windows XP.
It is partially my mistake, I forgot this share does have a password. I've tried authenticating with the correct user and also with "Guest" because this works in Windows. In Linux I ........