• Cisco Howto Configure Console Port/Terminal/Comm Server with Async Cable Setup


    This assumes that you've already installed the relevant HWIC cards eg. Cisco Asynchronous Serial NIM These are essentially cards that you install into your router, once installed you connect an Async cable to one of the ports on the card which normally gives you 8 console cables and are normally labelled 1 through 8. You connect all of the cables to the devices you need (even non-Cisco devices) whether switches, routers or firewalls, they will usually work. The real m........
  • SSH cannot connect to old servers/devices/switches/routers/Cisco/Juniper Unable to negotiate with 192.168.20.2 port 22: no matching key exchange method found. Their offer: diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha1,diffie-hellman-group14-sha1,diffie-hell


    A lot of older devices either support telnet or very old SSH keyx algorithms which are insecure and disabled by all newer/modern SSH clients for security reasons. However, sometimes you may be on a LAN via VPNor some other secured network or for whatever reason, absolutely, need to connect to this device and sometimes old/embedded devices may not be possible to update to a newer SSH server. If you run into this you may be using a modern/newer SSH client and get thi........
  • Cisco Router Password Reset Howto Guide Solution Cannot Login /Unknown Enable Password 2600, 2800, 2900, 3900


    It is common that you may get access to undocumented equipment and need to reset the password. This applies to many Cisco routers whether 2600, 2900, 3900 etc... Cisco's Guide says to hit Ctrl +Pause/Break but if it doesn't work on some devices causing people to say "cisco password reset pause break does not work", you can see Cisco's alternative key combinations here:........
  • EFI PXE grub2 Howto guide for Linux EFI PXE Booting on Debian, Mint, Ubuntu, RHEL


    Just a quick note and warning is that if you are testing to see if EFIPXE booting works on a VM, MAKE SURE it actually works. For example Iinitially tested using my Distro's QEMU 2.5+dfsg-5ubuntu10.46 and ovmf BIOS firmware (OVMF supports EFI). However, I found on old versions of QEMU (like 2.5), EFIbooting with GRUB NEVER works so it may appear that you have made a mistake when everything is fine when you boot a physi........
  • How Does Cisco CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) Work?


    Cisco's CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) is a system that combines voice, video, data and mobile products into a single unified management suite. At its core, the CUCMis like a "Super PBX" that controls the flow of all communications through an organization even single or multiple site deployments. Cisco's CUCMmakes communication more effective and simple through centralized management and unification of communications resources.........
  • dhcpd.conf how to secure so only known and allowed clients will be given dhcpd IP address leases


    It's really simple and just a matter of the following line within the subnet declaration. deny unknown-clients; See example below: subnet 10.25.20.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 { range 10.25.20.11 10.25.20.254; deny unknown-clients; option routers 10.25.20.10; option domain-name-servers 208.67.222.222;  ........
  • Linux disable firmware prevents NIC/Ethernet from working phy0 -> rt2x00lib_request_firmware: Error - Failed to request Firmware.


    [ 17.208336] tg3 0000:08:00.0: eth0: Link is up at 1000 Mbps, full duplex [ 17.210194] tg3 0000:08:00.0: eth0: Flow control is on for TX and on for RX [ 76.000065] phy0 -> rt2x00lib_request_firmware: Error - Failed to request Firmware. [ 76.002332] ADDRCONF(NETDEV_CHANGE): eth0: link becomes ready [ 86.736004] eth0: no IPv6 routers present [ 148.960038] phy0 -> rt2x00lib_request_fi........
  • VPN Account Buyers Guide and General Info


    What does VPN stand for? VPN stands for Virtual Private Network and is a secure way of connecting networks and devices. In the context we're talking about it will usually be a client-server solution and not connecting whole networks or businesses. The assumption is that most people reading this are trying to secure their internet connection, privacy and hide or change their IPaddress. Why use a VPN? There are many........
  • Setup PXE Boot using Centos and dhcpd, tftp and syslinux


    This is something I often setup for clients because it's very helpful for people in datacenters, this allows custom OS installs on demand, you can customize it more by using kickstart etc.. but here's a base I use before customizing more: This little script below will install everything you need to get booting by PXE Linux. It also assumes you set a local IP (be sure not to overwrite your existing IP) on eth0:0 (note the :0) as 192.168.1.10 and it........
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