• Linux How to Check Which NIC is Onboard eth0 or eth1 Ubuntu Centos Debian Mint


    So say you happen to have 2 NICs of the exact same chipset, they will generally show up as the same name, with possibly a different revision in lspci. Normally this is not an issue if you have a server with 4 NICs, generally the eth0 to eth3 appears from left to the right (or right to left on some vendors) so it doesn't take much figuring out. Generally if you have different chipsets for different NICs, it should be easy to know which one is eth0 or the first NIC in the OS.........
  • Generic IP Camera LAN Default IP Settings DVR


    If you are converting a generic wifi IP camera to ethernet, it may not be that simple as many are default hard coded to a static IP of 192.168.1.168 and login info admin/admin. From there you can login to the camera and assign it to DHCP by going to http://192.168.1.168 For security these cameras +DVR should be on a separate untagged VLAN or if possible a physically isolated non-internet connected switch/network. The reference below is applicable to many of the r........
  • Cisco Switch / Router How To Restore Factory Default Settings


    1.) Make sure your conf register is 0x2102 Do show version and at the very end of the output you will see the Configuration register. show version Configuration register is 0x2102 If the config register is not 0x2102 then enter this command: r1#configure terminal r1(config)#config-register 0x2102 r1(config)#end 2.) Let's Erase the NVRAM/flash........
  • Loaded: masked (Reason: Unit hostapd.service is masked.) Solution in Linux Debian Mint Ubuntu


    If you are getting this error from systemctl "Loaded: masked (Reason: Unit hostapd.service is masked.)" we need to unmask the service. Solution systemctl unmask hostapd Removed /etc/systemd/system/hostapd.service. It's fixed root@routerOS:/var/log# systemctl start hostapd root@routerOS:/var/log# systemctl status hostapd ‚óŹ hostapd.service - Access point and authentication server for Wi-Fi and Ethern........
  • br0: received packet on bond0 with own address as source address Linux Solution Mint Debian Redhat CentOS bridge bridging


    A quick fix is to run this command: sudo brctl setageing br0 0 This causes the aging of the MAC address to time out immediately or in 0 seconds, which delete the entry frmo the FDB (Forwarding Database) and causes the error to go away. The default time is 300 seconds or 5 minutes. You can also add it under your br0 definition like this in /etc/network/interfaces to make it permanent and automatic: auto br........
  • How To Do Linux Network Bonding Teaming in Mint Debian Ubuntu


    Bonding is an excellent way to get both increased redundancy and throughput. It is similar to the "Network Teaming" feature in Windows. There are a few different modes but we will use mode 6, I think it's the best of both worlds, as it is not just a failover, but it provides round robin, so you will get redundancy and load balancing. So if you have a 1G single port, you will have a combined throughput of 4G at this point. Just bear in mind that the true thr........
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    How Do You Apply Changes You've Made? You can make all kinds of changes to the switch, but remember they are not actually active until you run the "commit" command. This means adding or deleting config options will not have any effect until you run "commit". Under configure mode: root# commit commit complete........
  • Mikrotik RouterOS CHR/ISO Basic and Quick Setup Howto Guide


    Many people may not be aware that you can turn commodity hardware into a Mikrotik OS and there are various options which is "CHR" (Cloud Hosted Router) which is a VMimage meant for Virtualization only (seriously, I've tried to dd the image to a physical server and it just crashed as it does not contain any drivers for physical). One note as well if you are trying to do a baremetal install you may get an error "Error Loading Operating System" or........
  • Debian and Netplan


    Create your netplan file vi /etc/netplan/01-netcfg.yaml network: version: 2 renderer: networkd ethernets: ens3: dhcp4: no ........
  • Ubuntu Debian Linux Mint r8169 r8168 Network Driver Problem and Solution


    This problem has been around forever, Linux seems to think it is fine to use the r8169 driver for an r8168 NIC but this often causes problems including the link not working at all. In my case ethttool shows the link up and detected but it simply does not work especially on a laptop that has been resumed from suspension. Sometimes it takes several minutes for it to work or to unplug and replug the ethernet. Here is the solution: Install th........
  • Cisco Router Setup Guide and Tutorial Howto With Commands and Examples


    In most of the Cisco router IOS I find the ports like ge0/0 ge0/1 and ge0/2 or whatever your ports are down. They will not even give you a link light. So one of the first tasks should be getting the port you are working with up. In my case the first goal is often connectivity with the LAN and WAN. LAN = your local area network (eg. in the office/home ) WAN= your ISP/public internet (eg. fiber/cable/dsl/ethernet).........
  • Cisco Switches How To Get Of Port Line Status Console Messages


    00:55:07: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to down 00:55:09: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up Switch(config)#no logging console ........
  • Cisco DHCP Snooping Relay Setup Information


    Switch#show ip dhcp snooping Switch DHCP snooping is disabled DHCP snooping is configured on following VLANs: 1 Insertion of option 82 is enabled circuit-id format: vlan-mod-port remote-id format: MAC Option 82 on untrusted port is not allowed Verification of hwaddr field is enabled Interface&nb........
  • Cisco Switch Setup Guide Command List


    Enter configuration console: enable configure terminal This is important because if your console doesn't look like below none of the commands will work! Switch(config)# Save and Apply Settings wr Show Switch Configuration: show run Show Port List/Sta........
  • Cisco Switch Reset To Factory Defaults


    This works on the 2000 and 3000 series generally. *The easy way is to just hold the mode button for 10+ seconds. The full/proper way is below: 1.) Either power on the unit and hold the "mode" button or hold the "mode" button until you see the below: 00:04:08: %SYS-7-NV_BLOCK_INIT: Initalized the geometry of nvram 00:04:08: %EXPRESS_SETUP-6-CONFIG_IS_RESET: The configur........
  • How To Edit Linux Based NM Network Manager Connection Settings Without GUI


    Just find the relevant file in /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections sudo vi /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/Wired connection 1 [802-3-ethernet] duplex=full mac-address=00:00:00:FE:FE:FE [connection] id=Wired connection 1 type=802-3-ethernet timestamp=1532403341 [ipv6] method=ignore [ipv4] method=manual........
  • dhcpd.conf how to secure so only known and allowed clients will be given dhcpd IP address leases


    It's really simple and just a matter of the following line within the subnet declaration. deny unknown-clients; See example below: subnet 10.25.20.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 { range 10.25.20.11 10.25.20.254; deny unknown-clients; option routers 10.25.20.10; option domain-name-servers 208.67.222.222;  ........
  • mcp55 NIC not working at boot on Centos 6.6-6.8


    forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: irq 25 for MSI/MSI-X forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: eth0: MSI enabled forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: eth0: no link during initialization ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): eth0: link is not ready forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: eth0: link up ADDRCONF(NETDEV_CHANGE): eth0: link becomes ready Dec 1 18:21:32 box15 kernel: forcedeth: Reverse Engineered nForce ethernet driver. Version 0.64. Dec 1 18:21:32 box15 kernel........
  • Nvidia Linux Card not working due to LSI 9200/SAS2008 IRQ conflict


    At first my BIOS said the card may not work right because there is no more option ROM space. I disabled the Option ROM for both LSI 1068 and 2008 chipsets, Network Boot ROM and most other PCI slots, Serial Port, etc... and the message went away but the card still does not work properly. But it still cannot initialize the card properly(does not work): [ 33.943272] NVRM: This PCI I/O region assigned to your NVIDIA device is invalid:........
  • Linux Mint Network Manager Connection Disconnect Option Grayed Out


    This is a real pain because I had to manually unplug ethernet cables for network testing or to use an alternate network or guarantee physical access to one network segment is cut off. For some reason this happened after Ikilled dbus because it was confused and blocking packets thinking they were coming from the wrong interface since eth0 and eth1 both had the same subnet and gateway. I eventually did a "service network-manager restart" but the option was........
  • HP Procurve Switch 2824 CLI Telnet Experience , Guide and Tutorial


    ------------------------------------- ProCurve J4903A Switch 2824 Software revision I.10.77 Copyright (C) 1991-2009 Hewlett-Packard Co. All Rights Reserved. RESTRICTED RIGHTS LEGEND Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject to restrictions........
  • Linux check NIC ethernet port network card speed


    ethtool eth0 Settings for eth0: Supported ports: [ TP MII ] Supported link modes: 10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full 100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full ........
  • Dell CS24-NV7 lspci dmidecode info


    0000:00:00.0 RAM memory: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 Memory Controller (rev a2) 0000:00:01.0 ISA bridge: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 LPC Bridge (rev a3) 0000:00:01.1 SMBus: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 SMBus (rev a3) 0000:00:02.0 USB controller: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 USB Controller (rev a1) 0000:00:02.1 USB controller: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 USB Controller (rev a2) 0000:00:05.0 IDE interface: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 SATA Controller (rev a3) 0000:00:05.1 I........
  • Dell CS24SC Server Info


    Dell CS24SC Info 0000:00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev 90) 0000:00:02.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 2-3 (rev 90) 0000:00:03.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 3 (rev 90) 0000:00:04.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x16 Port 4-7 (rev 90) 0000:00:05.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 5 (rev 90)........
  • Dell CS10-F1D Server Info lspci Linux specs


    0000:00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000P Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev b1) 0000:00:02.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 2-3 (rev b1) 0000:00:03.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 3 (rev b1) 0000:00:04.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 4-5 (rev b1) 0000:00:05.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x4........
  • Linux disable firmware prevents NIC/Ethernet from working phy0 -> rt2x00lib_request_firmware: Error - Failed to request Firmware.


    [ 17.208336] tg3 0000:08:00.0: eth0: Link is up at 1000 Mbps, full duplex [ 17.210194] tg3 0000:08:00.0: eth0: Flow control is on for TX and on for RX [ 76.000065] phy0 -> rt2x00lib_request_firmware: Error - Failed to request Firmware. [ 76.002332] ADDRCONF(NETDEV_CHANGE): eth0: link becomes ready [ 86.736004] eth0: no IPv6 routers present [ 148.960038] phy0 -> rt2x00lib_request_fi........
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    I've got one of these for testing projects from work at home and got more than I bargained for with the time I've spent on it due to the storage handing/Perc 6/i cards. My particular model came with the following: 2U Rack Mount Server with Rails 2xOpteron 2373 EE (Quad Core, there is a 6-core version that can be found at times) 16GB RAM 2 x 250GB Seagate SATA 2 x Dell Perc 6/i (horrible and a nightmare to work........
  • LSI MegaRAID Adventures, Guide and HowTo


    LSi Megaraid At first it was configured as a RAID 0, then I deleted the Virtual Disk Group. I thought both drives would be shown and detected in Linux as sda and sdb but it actually shows nothing. To make them work you have to hit Ctrl+R before the system boots (when prompted) and create a Virtual Disk Group. In my case I created each one as RAID 0 (with a single drive only) as I just wanted JBOD but there is no such option or default in these Dell Pe........
  • eth0 changed to eth1 or eth2 and the solution to fix it


    If you move your hard drive(s) around to other computers/servers, you'll find that your eth0 keeps getting higher, the first time it will become eth1 and then eth2 etc and even higher if your server has dual or quad NICs. The reason is that udevd basically assigns eth0 tot he first NIC it finds and remembers it, if it encounters a NIC with a differentMAC, it assigns it one higher (eg. eth1). See the example below, I have eth2 now so how doI fix it?........
  • Centos 6 RTL8111/8168B r8169 link up and down error solution/fix


    02:00.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8111/8168B PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet controller (rev 03) For whatever reason it seems the r8169 driver that ships and has shipped with most Linux distros for years is still flawed and does not work properly on these cards, causing 100mbit connectivity when it should be 1gbit and even worse, causing random network dropouts. The r8169 driver in Linux kernels is simply not meant to be used on th........
  • How To Install CPanel


    wget -N http://httpupdate.cpanel.net/latest;sh latest That one command above will do it all (and it takes a long time to install/compile). After that you can access CPanel with your root login information by visiting https://yourdomain-or-ip.com:2087 I personally don't like CPanel (bloated, full of bugs, no shared SSL, difficult to use etc..)but I admit it's easier to install than........
  • 2011 Best Laptop - HP 15.6" Laptop featuring AMD Athlon II P340 Processor (G62-420CA)


    My mother needed a new laptop and I recommended her the same one I would have bought myself or my wife, that means the cheapest possible laptop with the most features for the money. This HP shines at this price point and one thing that made me stay away from buying more and recommending HP/Compaq was the poor battery life. Not anymore, this model has an industry leading up to 4 hours of battery life. Key Factors for Choosing It: HDMI Out........
  • VMWare bridged adapter not working: The network bridge on device vmnet0 is not running. The virtual machine will not be able to communicate with the host or with other machines on your network. Failed to connect virtual device Ethernet1.


    VMWare bridged adapter not working: Message from system: The network bridge on device vmnet0 is not running. The virtual machine will not be able to communicate with the host or with other machines on your network. Failed to connect virtual device Ethernet1. I'm not sure how to fix this but one of the issues is that my eth0 became eth1 after moving my hard drives to a new motherboard. I have run the vmware-config.pl but this did not resolve the issue.........
  • Directadmin License Error The ip of this machine (xx.xx.xx.xx) does not match the ip in the license file.
    Check the value of your ethernet_dev=venet0:0 setting in your /usr/local/directadmin/conf/directadmin.conf file and the output of /sbin/ifco


    2010:09:09-22:22:11: The ip of this machine (xx.xx.xx.xx) does not match the ip in the license file. Check the value of your ethernet_dev=venet0:0 setting in your /usr/local/directadmin/conf/directadmin.conf file and the output of /sbin/ifconfig Solution /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/getLicense.sh........
  • After installation Directadmin does not work directadmin dead but pid file exists on OpenVZ VPS when browsing http://ip.ip.ip.ip:2222


    After installation Directadmin does not work on OpenVZ VPS when browsing http://ip.ip.ip.ip:2222 service directadmin status directadmin dead but pid file exists tail /var/log/directadmin/error.log Check the value of your ethernet_dev=eth0 setting in your /usr/local/directadmin/conf/directadmin.conf file and the output of /sbin/ifconfig 2010:07:10-12:44:01: ioctl can't find........
  • Realtek r8169 1gbit/1000mbit NIC/Ethernet Goes Down/Halts on Large File Transfer/Heavy Network Usage


    This is obviously a bug in the r8169 kernel module and it seems to affect a lot of people. I upgraded to the latest kernel and hope this won't happen anymore, as it is a very serious error. This is especially serious for those who are running servers with this chipset, who can afford for the NIC to randomly go off-line for no apparent reason? [655548.189113] type=1505 audit(1277067560.902:5): operation="profile_load" name="/usr/bin/freshclam&q........
  • How To Set DHCP/Static IP Address in Centos/RHEL/Fedora & Debian/Ubuntu/Kubuntu/MEPIS Set DHCP/Static IP Address


    Basically the two main types of distros are Debian and RHEL/Centos based. I'm just going to give a quick overview of how the configuration of IP interfaces works in Debian/Centos based distros. *Just one thing to remember, when setting IPs statically you have to manually specify a DNS server in /etc/resolv.conf (since DHCP is what normally does it automatically) Debian/Ubuntu/Kubuntu/MEPIS The IP (DHCP &........
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    Here are the results, it is Sempron 3000+ AMD Mobile, 500Gig HDD, 512MB RAM with shared ATI Radeon graphics. # # # # # # # ##### ###### # # #### # # # # ## # # # #&nb........
  • Linux Kernel Compilation (Intel(R) 82575/82576 PCI-Express Gigabit Ethernet support ) Error - drivers/net/igb/igb_main.c: In function `igb_up': make[3]: *** [drivers/net/igb/igb_main.o] Error 1


    Linux Kernel v2.6.30.3 102220 blocks CHK include/linux/version.h CHK include/linux/utsrelease.h SYMLINK include/asm -> include/asm-x86 CALL scripts/checksyscalls.sh CHK include/linux/compile.h CC drivers/net/igb/igb_main.o drivers/net/igb/igb_main.c: In function `igb_up':........
  • RTL8111/8168B R8169 Gigabit Link slow speeds


    This is the Intel Atom 330 motherboard with integrated Realtek Gigabit NIC (Intel Desktop Board D945GCLF2 Motherboard W/ Atom 330 1.6 GHz Dual Core Processor - Mini-ITX) I cannot achieve more than 15 MB/s, even doing a local transfer through eth0 to it's own IP. 100% 95MB 15.9MB/s 00:06 So this is not a cabling, switch or hardware issue, it seems like a driver or chipset limitation problem. Here is my........
  • SIOCSIFADDR No such device eth0 error while getting interface flags - eth0 Ethernet Device can


    Igot this after copying a VMWare image onto another machine in Debian. SIOCSIFADDR No such device eth0 error while getting interface flags The solution 1.) Find and edit the device line in persisent-net.rules note it will be prefixed with something like z25 or something else. vi /etc/udev/rules.d/z25_persistent-net.rules The easiest way is to comment anything out. If you are feeling........
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