Just a quick note and warning is that if you are testing to see if EFIPXE booting works on a VM, MAKE SURE it actually works. For example Iinitially tested using my Distro's QEMU 2.5+dfsg-5ubuntu10.46 and ovmf BIOS firmware (OVMF supports EFI). However, I found on old versions of QEMU (like 2.5), EFIbooting with GRUB NEVER works so it may appear that you have made a mistake when everything is fine when you boot a physi........
The reason for doing this is that the installer doesn't seem to work properly for LUKS and the server installer doesn't even support LUKS anymore. When you use the GUI install on Desktop for LUKS it won't boot and will just hang after you enter your password. So the only reliable way is to do it ourselves.
1.) Make a default minimal install of Ubuntu
2.) Have a secondary disk on the server or VM.
The cool thing here is that we only need 1 drive to make a RAID 10 or RAID 1 array, we just tell the Linux mdadm utility that the other drive is "missing" and we can then add our original drive to the array after booting into our new RAID array.
Step#1 Install tools we need
yum -y install mdadm rsync
Step #2 Create your partitions on the drive that will be our RAID array
Here I assume it is /dev........
You'll have to violate the iso9660 standards but it is necessary if you want to preserve your filesystem and filenames and shouldn't be an issue as long as you are using a modern OS like Linux.
genisoimage -o Backup-Myfiles.iso -r -J -joliet-long /some/path/
You will get errors like below (even enabling joliet-long didn't help)
genisoimage: Error: /some/filename.pdf have the same Joliet name
Joliet tree sort failed. The -joliet-lo........
In Debian/Ubuntu this is called "holding".
To hold/exclude a package from being installed or upgraded:
sudo apt-mark hold packagename
To allow the upgrade/installation unhold:
sudo apt-mark unhold packagename........
sudo tar --ignore-failed-read -czvf mycomputer-backup.tar.gz --exclude=/home/otheruser/* --exclude=/proc/* --exclude=/sys/* /
Note the --exclude clauses and modify/add according to your needs........
This is an important feature a failed read can genuinely occur if a temporary file has been removed or if you try backing up a sysetm file in /proc /sys (which you shouldn't really anyway).
The way to fix this is the following switch:
sudo tar --ignore-failed-read -czvf mycomputer-backup.tar.gz --exclude=/home/otheruser/* --exclude=/proc/* --e........
Done on Centos 7.3 very important as clearly based on older guides it was a lot easier and more simpler! Hint do not use grub2-install!
One huge caveat if you are an oldschool user or sysadmin who has avoided UEFIbooting
The normal way will not work here if your Centos was using UEFI. Newer systems use it by default.
The easiest way to check is to do an fdisk -l if your sy........
Transaction Check Error:
file /usr/lib64/php/modules/fileinfo.so conflicts between attempted installs of php-pecl-fileinfo-1.0.4-2.el6.rf.x86_64 and php-common-5.3.3-49.el6.x86_64
solution you can't install php-pecl-fileinfo it seems to be incompatble with the php5.3 being installed:
yum --exclude=php-pecl-fileinfo --skip-broken --disablerepo=epel install php-*........
1.) Replicate the number of partitions in your new drives.
I created 3 partitions of the same same size.
partition #1: +1G (/boot)
partition #2: +60G (swap)
partition #3: rest of it (/)
#note if you are using GPT/gdisk you need to create separate a partition at least 1MB in size (in my case I would a 4th partition and mark it type ef02).........
yum -y install --skip-broken package-you-want-to-install
Packages skipped because of dependency problems:
php56w-mysql-5.6.30-1.w6.x86_64 from webtatic
Error: Multilib version problems found. This often means that the root
cause is something else and multilib version checking is just
pointing out that there is........
The only real way us to do the following in the root of your site's .htaccess
RewriteRule ^somedirectory-not-to-inherit/.*$ - [L]........
Here is the scenario you or a client have a remote machine that was installed as a standard/default minimal Centos 6.x machine on a single disk with LVM for whatever reason. Often many people do not know how to install it to a RAID array so it is common to have this problem and why reinstall if you don't need to? In some cases on a remote system you can't easily reinstall without physical or KVM access.
So in this case you add a second physical or disk or already ha........
rsync -Phaz --exclude=/dev/* --exclude=/sys/* --exclude=/proc/* --exclude=/mnt/md126 / /mnt/md126........
You could also use specific domains but as you can see above we are blacklisting all Hong Kong and Chinese mirrors in this example.........
mytop-1.4-2.el5.rf.noarch from rpmforge has depsolving problems
--> Missing Dependency: perl(DBI) is needed by package mytop-1.4-2.el5.rf.noarch (rpmforge)
#disabling excludes is required on CPanel type boxes which exclude most updates including perl-DBI
yum --disableexcludes=main install perl-DBI
mytop-1.4-2.el5.rf.noarch from rpmforge has depsolving problems
--> Missing Dependency:........
Error: Package: php-Monolog-dynamo-1.7.0-1.el6.noarch (epel)
Error: php-pecl-zendopcache conflicts with 1:php-eaccelerator-0.9.6.1-1.el6.x86_64
Error: php-xcache conflicts with php-pecl-apc-3.1.9-2.el6.x86_64
Error: php-pecl-zendopcache conflicts with php-pecl-apc-3.1.9-2.el6.x86_64
Error: Package: php-horde-Horde-Vfs-2.1.2-2.el6.noarch (epel)
tar -czf yourfile.tar.gz .
The . dot is the crucial part, normally many will use * and that will exclude hidden files by default which is very undesirable as many hidden files are important such as .htaccess and conf files in your home directory etc.. It seems the default behavior of tar should be the opposite but these are all very old tools.........
I've used rsync again for this because I found it very simple, I've only excluded the Cache directory since it's not necessary and could be several GB in size.
rsync -Phaz --exclude=Cache/* firstname.lastname@example.org:/home/user/.mozilla/firefox/profile.default/* /home/user/.mozilla/firefox/ec1n9opl.default/
This is a great way once again to get going how you were on the old/remote computer fairly quickly. It even restores all of your history in........
The best way is to use rsync, I've set it up so it doesn't copy unnecessary files, or at least ones I'm sure aren't needed.
Here is the rsync command Iused (adapt to your specific Thunderbird profile location):
rsync -hazv email@example.com:/home/user/.thunderbird/sbrer.default/* /home/user/.thunderbird/4nyb0.default/ --exclude=global* --exclude=Cache --exclude=ImapMail --exclude=Mail
This is a great way to get your e-mail accounts going on a new c........
For whatever reason the current OpenVZ yum repo file enables the RHEL6 version of OpenVZ, why is this bad? Because if you're running Centos 5 it still defaults to using the kernel from RHEL6 which won't work on RHEL5/Centos 5.
Ionly realized this after wondering why I couldn't boot into OpenVZ that it was using one meant for RHEL6.
To fix the problem you have to edit /etc/yum.repos.d/openvz.repo and disable the "[openvz-kernel-rhel6]" section by changing........
I've thought for awhile that Asus has been banking on its years old reputation for quality amongst gamers and enthusiasts and I think I'm right. My Asus VE247H Monitor with a supposed 2MS refresh rate has 1 red/stuck/dead pixel but fortunately it can only be seen on a non-true black picture or against a blue screen.
I have several Asus products and find they're all of fairly poor quality. First of all their motherboards have given me the most issues of any brand, they te........
One of the purposes of rsync is to backup whole filesystems and archive them but how can you do that properly and restore things to normal if all permissions and ownerships are not preserved from your root filesystem?
It's not desirable to have everything running as root, especially not just for an rsync.
The Easy rsync preserve permission solution for non-root users
sudo is the answer and all you have to do is edit /etc/sudoers
At the end o........
Moving to RAID was a pain.
What you have to do is the following from an existing install:
Create your mdadm RAID 1 array on your spare hard drive.
Start it with the missing disk.
rsync the entire contents of your current / to the md partition.
Here's a good way of doing it:
rsync -Pha --exclude=/proc/* --exclude=/sys/* --exclude=/mnt/* /. /mnt/md2........
I wasted a lot of time wondering why I could never find those packages.
Check the /etc/yum.conf file and at the bottom look for the "exclude=" line.
Below is what I found in mine
exclude=apache* httpd* mod_* mysql* MySQL* da_* *ftp* exim* sendmail* php* bind-chroot*
Just remove those entries or uncomment that line and you'll get access to the missing applications.........
Not sure what rsync switches/options to use?
The short version would be:
I think these are really common sense options to use and probaby should be the default.
Explanation of rsync switches
P = display the progress
D = hybrid of --specials and --devices so all special and device files will be copied as well.
r = recursive (otherwise rsync won't copy files deeper than........
Proxmox has made this free utility to backup running OpenVZ containers. It's a great program which is actually just a PERL script but gets the job done. This program is not 100% required because all it really does is cp -a from your container's path as far as I know but it is still good to have uniformity to how you backup your containers.
For RPM distros such as Centos/RHEL/Fedora etc.. download and install this: