There aren't too many simple guides that show you how to use commands to setup your USB or other drive as a normal bootable drive where you can easily boot custom kernels or whatever OS you would like.
1. Get the tools we need:
We install "syslinux" for MBR and "syslinux-efi" for EFI and "MBR" as we need a tool that embeds the actual MBR into our USB:
sudo apt install syslinux syslinux-efi mbr........
A very common use case is that you don't want to waste time using a video editor that requires you to open it up and manually import the video clip and audio clip, then manually delete the old audio track and import the video and new audio. That's too much work and time since we don't want to go through the hassle.
ffmpeg is our solution, all we have to do is specify 3 variables and we're done!
-i Windows2019-Server-Noaudio.mp4 is our in........
It really seems limited in that it can mainly give you the things you would see on the physical unit such as load etc..
tar -zxvf apcupsd-3.14.14.tar.gz
yum -y install gcc make gperf genisoimage flex bison ncurses ncurses-devel pcre-devel augeas-devel augeas readline-devel
checking for cpio... cpio
checking for gperf... no
configure: error: gperf must be installed
configure: error: Package requirements (augeas >= 1.2.0) were not met:
Requested 'augeas >= 1.2.0' but version of augeas is 1.0.0
yum remove augeas augeas-libs augeas-devel
The scenario here is that you have some sort of remote headless Linux server but would like to run some programs on them and get graphical access to them. The problem is that the remote server may be an image or VMwithout any virtual GPU and even if so, it is likely without KDE or Gnome, so there's no real way to do this, unless you follow our guide.
apt install xvfb
Reading package lists... D........
Occasionally my whole screen locks up and I cannot even swith to the console and I find this in my syslog:
description: VGA compatible controller
product: Mullins [Radeon R3 Graphics]
vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI]
Downloading and compiling from source to get the latest version of Asterisk is really simple with this guide.
apt install gcc make g++ libedit-dev uuid-dev libjansson-dev apt install libxml2-dev sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev
tar -zxvf asterisk-16-current.tar.gz
If you get this error change y........
I tried to stop a qemu-img copy or clone and it broke everything. It was fine to "stop" it from the GUI but a process still persisted so I killed the relevant qemu-img and the kernel went crazy. It also may not have helped that I tried to lvremove a different volume (an unused disk). But either way it breaks LVM (you cannot even run lvdisplay) so a reboot is necessary.
Jan 17 06:45:21 testserver kernel: [ 5680.439337] systemd-udevd D 0&nbs........
Before getting into the output here is my typical experience with SMART, there is what I call a "bad disk" with pending and uncorrectable sectors that cannot be reallocated.
It has caused a kernel panic and system crash repeatedly as we can see from the logs.
But SMART says it has "PASSED" its self assessment. SMART is still useful to me but it is more about looking at Current_Pending_Sector.
Any time I have had anything but 0 for that attribute it........
#Linux Mint 18.2 how to install gajim .16.9 so you can use OMEMO encryption:
sudo apt-get install python-axolotl python-nbxmpp
tar -zxvf gajim-0.16.9.tar.gz
./autogen.sh ;make;sudo make install
#if you get this error you need to get a newer python-nbxmpp from here:
Gajim needs python-nbxmpp >= 0.6.1 to run. Quiting...........
You get errors like below and see you have all question marks for the permissions if you go to /run/user/1000/gvfs
If you try to access the mounted share such as anything mounted as gvfs like an SSH share in your file manager you may get an error like this. It generally means an interruption in communication or a fault with gvfsd has caused it.
BootModuleConfig.sh echo host-ind nfcd........
yes it does create its own json
cat /tmp/vcsaUiInstaller/ovftool-20180809-175238948-20180809-175603497.log |grep -i json
2018-08-09T17:56:04.238-07:00 verbose OVFTool [Originator@6876 sub=Default] Manifest file entry: SHA1(VMware-vCenter-Server-Appliance-188.8.131.5200-8832884_OVF10-file1.json) = 1deb658c724767697587d5909c4051c01813e6a1
Intel VT-X is enabled in Virtualbox but it doesn't seem to pass through the needed vmx extension despite the following variables on the host confirming it is enabled:
OVF Tool: Disk progress: 99%
OVF Tool: Transfer Completed
OVF Tool: Powering on VM: Embedded-vCenter-Server-Appliance-
OVF Tool: Task p........
#mount the VCSA DVD
mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd
#alternatively you could mount the iso directly
mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path
#for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux
#no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file
Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
You can download the latest Sea Monkey releases here and 64-bit issues are a thing of the past now:
It's a little tricky if you are running a 64-bit OS which most people will be.
The weird thing is that the Seamonkey website for Linux seems to only provide a 32-bit download.
Seamonkey is still provided as a tar.bz2 which you need to extract and run manually.
It has been a big pain for a long-time to install Windows from a Linux environment. I used to run a windows install server and it never worked right for some reason (the install would fail on most servers).
Before getting start be sure to setup your samba share so once you boot into WinPE you can mount the install for whatever Windows you want
path = /tftpboot/images/winstall
guest ok = yes........
I've never seen this before in all of my years. Ihave some very old CDs and DVDs 12-15 years old that seem not to work in this BD-R/DVD-R/CD-R Asus drive.
The discs are fine actually and ironically they even work fine on a normal LG USB based BD-R drive!
Here are the errors in Linux:
[2914936.884924] attempt to access beyond end of device
[2914936.884927] loop1: rw=0, want=730424, limit=688384
[2914954.556873] attempt to........
Centos 6 requires GLIBC 2.12 however a lot of new programs you would want to compile may need a newer glibc. You can't remove the old glibc since the whole OS is based on it but you can install the updated glibc alongside it and do an export pointing to your updated GLIBC.
mkdir ~/glibc_install; cd ~/glibc_install
yum -y install gmp-devel mpfr-devel libmpc-devel glibc-devel glibc-devel.i686 zip unzip jar
Download, untar, configure, compile and install GCC
tar -zxvf gcc-5.5.0.tar.gz
Now you need to cleanup th........
I'm having trouble making it work on very shaky video the result seems kind of warped/blurry/fish eye like and not as good as some other examples I've seen:
ffmpeg -i MVI_1285.MOV -vf vidstabdetect=shakiness=10:accuracy=15 -f null MVI_1285.trf
ffmpeg -i MVI_1285.MOV -vf vidstabtransform=smoothing=30:input="transforms.trf" MVI_1285.MOV.mp4
I've played around with the shakiness, accuracy etc.. but not the smoothing part.........
sudo mount -a
Unable to find suitable address.
[35758.706993] CIFS VFS: Error connecting to socket. Aborting operation.
[35758.707247] CIFS VFS: cifs_mount failed w/return code = -111
[35795.476160] CIFS VFS: Error connecting to socket. Aborting operation.
[35795.476346] CIFS VFS: cifs_mount failed w/return code = -111
When the above happens "Unable eto find suitable address" it usually means the smb nam........
sudo tar --ignore-failed-read -czvf mycomputer-backup.tar.gz --exclude=/home/otheruser/* --exclude=/proc/* --exclude=/sys/* /
Note the --exclude clauses and modify/add according to your needs........
This is an important feature a failed read can genuinely occur if a temporary file has been removed or if you try backing up a sysetm file in /proc /sys (which you shouldn't really anyway).
The way to fix this is the following switch:
sudo tar --ignore-failed-read -czvf mycomputer-backup.tar.gz --exclude=/home/otheruser/* --exclude=/proc/* --e........
When things go wrong your video is basically unplayable or the first video plays fine and then freezes when moving on to the next. Generally if both videos weren't produced with the exact 100% same settings you will have issues. You can try the basic concat but it often won't work right.
Solution for me:
My example uses 3 videos in total so "n=3" and a=1 to include audio.
ffmpeg -threads 12 -i file1.mp4 -........
I believe from what I've read that this card's driver doesn't support the features after trying all known troubleshooting methods.
ffmpeg -i uservideoRendered.mp4 -filter:v hwupload_cuda,scale_npp=w=1920:h=1080:format=nv12:interp_algo=lanczos,hwdownload -c:v hevc_nvenc -profile main -preset slow -rc vbr_hq -c:a copy uservideoRendered.mp4-test
ffmpeg -i uservideoRendered.mp4 -filter:v hwupload_cuda,scale_npp=w=1920:h=1080:format=nv12:interp_algo=lanczos,hwdownload........
Essentially a program I was running for mining did not terminate properly with Ctrl+C it is listed as defunct and cannot be killed, kernel is tainted and normal tricks to disable the port are impossible the dev and sys entries for the device cannot be browsed or interacted with in any form without a lockup of the request. The only solution is to reboot due to the kernel taint as far as I can find so far.
[1130246.811056] INFO: task minerd:21861 blocked for more th........
#if you have nvidia make sure you install the nvidia-cuda-toolkit so hardware acceleration can be used
tar -jxvf ffmpeg-3.3.2.tar.bz2
install prefix /usr/local
source path ........
Done on Centos 7.3 very important as clearly based on older guides it was a lot easier and more simpler! Hint do not use grub2-install!
One huge caveat if you are an oldschool user or sysadmin who has avoided UEFIbooting
The normal way will not work here if your Centos was using UEFI. Newer systems use it by default.
The easiest way to check is to do an fdisk -l if your sy........
When running cudaminer once it tries to initialize the card the entire screen freezes. The computer itself is still running but the Xorg is done for, you cannot even switch to another console window and must reboot (even an mdm or Xorg restart does not help).
At first cudaminer will give you these errors:
...retry after 15 seconds
GPU #0: Geforce 210 with compute ca........
If you have this problem: http://realtechtalk.com/mencoder_bmovl_error_vf_bmovl_Unknown_command_Ignoring_-1860-articles
Then ffmpeg is for you. Go here if you are using Linux Mint and cannot find or install it to use an external PPA........
Based on this tutorial: http://www.linuxjournal.com/content/overlay-images-video-using-mplayer-and-mencoder
mencoder -oac pcm -ovc raw -vf bmovl=0:0:tfifo -o $output $file
vf_bmovl: Unknown command: ''. Ignoring. ........
Ihave a tar and when extracting it changes /root to a uid and gid of the source server which is bad especially for /root!
You can get around this by extracting as follows:
Add the -o switch which means "--no-same-owner"
tar -o -zxvf sometar.tar.gz........
Ifigured out what caused this but don't have the solution just yet. Iwould deploy a certain script from a .tar.gz to some servers and found that /root was always owned by user and group "1000.1000". This corresonded to the user who made the .tar.gz.
For some reason when extract normally with "tar -zxvf file.tar.gz" it impacts the parent directories ownership. There must be some recursion going on or possibly the .tar.gz but I haven't f........
This was a surprising bug but I unplugged all drives for an array md127. At first it was just 1 drive and mdadm seemed to notice this. I unplugged the second drive taking the array offline but mdadm did not realize it was offline and still showed a non-existent disk as being part of it. This created problems trying to unmount it or even to stop this array with mdadm freezing.
As for how to fix it I can only think of making sure you are not in a mounted path of........
tar -ztvf flashrom.tar.gz
the "z"is for gzip, if it is not gzip remove the z. If it is bzip then use "j" instead of "z" etc..........
It is as simple as using the "-k" option for:
-k, --keep-old-files don't replace existing files when extracting
--keep-newer-files don't replace existing files that are newer than
tar xzvf bash-4.3.tar.gz
wget --no-directories --level 1 --recursive http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/bash/bash-4.3-patches/
for patch in `ls bash43-*|grep -v .sig$`; do
echo applying "$patch"
patch -p0 < $patch
#it will install to /usr/bin/bash but if your bash is somewhere else you need to overwrite the old one.........
This error seems to happen randomly and especially when trying to send e-mails. Apparently it's a long-standing GNome bug but is also partially the default of Thunderbird depending on who you ask. There is no known fix that I'm aware of except to upgrade gnome and the gvfs package but this is not an option for older versions/distributions.
An error occurred while loading or saving configuration information for thunderbird. Some of your configuration settings may not........
Error: Package: php-Monolog-dynamo-1.7.0-1.el6.noarch (epel)
Error: php-pecl-zendopcache conflicts with 1:php-eaccelerator-0.9.6.1-1.el6.x86_64
Error: php-xcache conflicts with php-pecl-apc-3.1.9-2.el6.x86_64
Error: php-pecl-zendopcache conflicts with php-pecl-apc-3.1.9-2.el6.x86_64
Error: Package: php-horde-Horde-Vfs-2.1.2-2.el6.noarch (epel)
Movie-Aspect is undefined - no prescaling applied.
videocodec: libavcodec (720x1280 fourcc=34504d46 [FMP4])
[mpeg4 @ 0x2c91c00] timebase not supported by mpeg 4 standard
Could not open codec.
FATAL: Cannot initialize video driver.
That is the error I would get, I thought it was a codec error something else. By fluke Isaw something about ffmpeg where someone recommended manually telling it to the "fps" and it worked.........
sudo tar xjvf thunderbird-24.2.0.tar.bz2 -C /opt
ln -s /opt/thunderbird/thunderbird /usr/bin/thunderbird
[sudo] password for one:
ln: creating symbolic link `/usr/bin/thunderbird': File exists
sudo rm /usr/bin/thunderbird
ln -s /opt/thunderbird/thunderbird /usr/bin/thunderbird
The above is how Idid it, if you don't do it properly you'll find that you are still using the old version (........
mv /usr/bin/firefox /usr/bin/firefox-old
sudo tar xjvf firefox-26.0.tar.bz2 -C /opt
ln -s /opt/firefox/firefox /usr/bin/firefox
The above is how Idid it, if you don't do it properly you'll find that you are still using the old version (so verify in About that it is the new version). I've verified the above method works perfectly, it's great if you're using an older version of Linux and need to update the most........
This was partitioned as a single 32GB VFAT but when I inserted it into the phone it said that it can't read it and now here is how the partition table looks. Interestingly enough the data works and reads fine from the computer still.
Disk /dev/sdb1: 32.1 GB, 32085360640 bytes
64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 30598 cylinders, total 62666720 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum........
I backed up everything in the /mnt/sd_card directory thinking that some dataloss could occur for some reason but purposely left my microSDHC unbacked up thinking that "it won't touch that since it's external" and Samsung's and other manufacturers website even say this (that it won't be affected and not to worry etc).
Apparently I was wrong, my microSD was "undetected" and asked to be formatted after the upgrade (there goes 3-months worth of family photos). No........
Basically copy and paste all of that below and you'll have installed and started the Android SDK before you know it.
sudo apt-get install openjdk-6-jre openjdk-6-lib openjdk-6-jre-headless
tar -xvf android-sdk_r12-linux_x86.tgz
I had a system running a 128MB live CD image with 2.8 gigs of available RAM and the OOM kernel killer went crazy when using dd for more than 8 minutes and kept killing everything. I've read that this is due to a low-memory issue and paging in the kernel and 32-bit systems with lots of RAM.
I even enabled swapspace on my LiveCD and the issue happened 25 minutes into dd rather than 8 minutes, so what gives?
Also no swap space was ever used!
I don't expect this to be solved soon but some of Yahoo's DNS servers are out of whack. I changed the IPs of some nameservers of some domains and now most Yahoo users can't e-mail to those domains!
As you can see below by the "No MX or A records for mychangedomain.com", now Yahoo's DNS/mailserver DNS cache is wrong. You would think they would at least have cached the old incorrect records, but instead for some reason their DNS cache has no entry and doesn't seem........
*Remember to restart spamassassin after all of this.
tar -zxvf dcc.tar.Z
#enable DCC, uncomment the line that disables it near the top
Disable OpenWhois RBL (it is dead/defunct/no longer active):
You might see this in your headers
2.4 DNS_FROM_OPENWHOIS RBL: Envelope sender listed in bl.open-whois.org
comment out this inside /usr/share/spamassassin/72_active.cf
header DNS_FROM_OPENWHOIS eva........
tar include hidden files such as .htaccess
just add . to the path eg.
tar -czvf tarfile.tar.gz /home/directory/.........
Jan 5 12:45:05 testbox kernel: [653298.890004] BUG: soft lockup - CPU#0 stuck for 61s! [hal-acl-tool:4168]
Jan 5 12:45:05 testbox kernel: [653298.890005] Modules linked in: vmnet vmci vmmon binfmt_misc drbd video output input_polldev ocfs2_stackglue ocfs2_dlmfs ocfs2_dlm ocfs2_nodemanager configfs k8temp hwmon_vid lp snd_hda_intel snd_pcm_oss snd_mixer_oss snd_pcm snd_seq_dummy snd_seq_oss snd_seq_midi snd_rawmidi........
Webmin Setup Centos 5:
[root@host ~]# --2011-01-06 21:48:20-- http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/webadmin/webmin/1.530/webmin-1.530-1.noarch.rpm?r=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmin.com%2Fstandard.html
Resolving downloads.sourceforge.net... 216.34.181.........
It seems nearly anything can make rhythmbox crash, I've always found it buggy.
This crash seems to be something related to ecryptfs but it's hard to say. After re-opening rhythmbox so it sits in the Gnome panel/tray, and letting it load/find all of my songs let's it work again. If I show it too soon (I wait 10-15 minutes for everything to scan first) then it will crash over and over.
[171938.995645] ecryptfs_read_and_validate_header_region: Error........
This is a great way to use your ftp server space, for example on your web hosting account (althoughI believe many hosts don't allow storage like this), but if you have a VPS/Dedicated Server etc.., this would be perfect. Imagine how easy it is to work with an ftp account that you can just mount as a normal partition or directory in Linux, it would be great for backups etc..
curlftpfs - mount a ftp host as a local directory
Out of memory: kill process 7559 (rsync) score 635 or a child
Killed process 7559 (rsync)
I was surprised to see this in my dmesg whenmy rsync backup suddenly stalled/stopped.
This system has 3 gigs of RAM and lots of free memory so I don't understand what is happening.
rsync invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=0x200d2, order=0, oomkilladj=0
Pid: 7600, comm: rsync Not tainted 184.108.40.206 #83
I decided on using yum to help me decide even though I normaly use proftpd I decided to see what else I could find.
yum search ftp
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* rpmforge: ftp-stud.fht-esslingen.de
* base: mirrors.netdna.com
* updates: updates.interworx.info
* addons: yum.singlehop.com
* extras: mirrors.netdna.com
When trying to even cd or ls the mounted OCFS2 partition it crashes. Ithink this is a combination of VMWare Server's problem and the way I mounted and symlinked to it.
More than anything this shows the problem and lack of forsight with VMWare, but also that OCFS2 is easily crashed if you do strange things.
Output of /var/log/messages for OCFS2
Apr 10 15:57:45 localhost kernel: [84331.691258] Modules linked in: vmnet vmci vmmon ocfs2_stac........
This will give you the basic info needed to browse and connect to Samba shares from the command line. From the GUI of Gnome or KDE etc, it is pretty standard and straight forward. However, I've found very little guides on how to do it from the command line and if you're like me, a nerd who prefers command line for its simplicity and for remote use, this is the way to go.
First get a list of all the Samba/SMB shares on the target.
smbclient -L hostname........