Some people find it less than intuitive to do on DNSMasq and by default DNSMasq is available on 0.0.0.0 which could even be your LAN or Public IP.
Active Internet connections (servers and established)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State PID/Program name
If you get this error, it is often because you have configured Apache with modules that weren't actually installed. Eg. you try to load the PHPmodule but didn't actually install the apache2 php module, so the server can't start. In general, this error can often be caused by issues with problematic modules and/or Apache being configured for modules that have not actually be installed (eg. libapache2-mod-php) is missing.
The above results in this less than obv........
1.) Make sure your conf register is 0x2102
Do show version and at the very end of the output you will see the Configuration register.
Configuration register is 0x2102
If the config register is not 0x2102 then enter this command:
2.) Let's Erase the NVRAM/flash........
Debian based OS's have a similar issue as the behavior in RHEL/CentOS dhclient, which is that if you have an interface that relies on DHCP, if the first attempt fails, it will quit and stop. This is a problem especially if you are using your Linux as a router or something else mission critical, but where the internet for some reason may have been down or the DHCP server it gets a lease from broken.
The expected behavior you would hope is that when things are back online that the........
Bonding is an excellent way to get both increased redundancy and throughput. It is similar to the "Network Teaming" feature in Windows.
There are a few different modes but we will use mode 6, I think it's the best of both worlds, as it is not just a failover, but it provides round robin, so you will get redundancy and load balancing. So if you have a 1G single port, you will have a combined throughput of 4G at this point. Just bear in mind that the true thr........
Enable "cli" mode equivalent in JunOS
So rather than going to the console on a Cisco switch and typing "enable" and then "conf t", the equivalent in JunOS is "cli" and "configure".
How Do You Apply Changes You've Made?
You can make all kinds of changes to the switch, but remember they are not........
Most newer distros inexplicably cause your NIC to have what Icall "random" non-standard name conventions because of systemd.
This is a big problem for many people and especially those running servers. Imagine that you have a static IPconfigured for ens33 but then the hard disk is moved to a newer system, the NIC could be anything from ens33 to enp0s1, meaning that manual intervention is required to go and update the NIC config file (eg. /etc/network/interfa........
Create your netplan file
Yes you have that right, the network service in RHEL8 / CentOS 8 / Rocky Linux / Alma Linux no longer exists. So there is no more systemctl restart network
You can restart NetworkManager but it doesn't have the same effect or ifup/ifdown on all interfaces.
Generally if NetworkManager is installed you will want to restart it or it won't apply the settings from ifcfg.
systemctl restart NetworkManager
It is fairly simple to use once you know how to use it. However, the tricky thing is that by default it doesn't seem to be active or listen on any interface on manually specified.
How To Install ifplugd
First we install ifplugd
sudo apt install ifplugd
Let's enable it on our desired device(s)
set this line as so:........
Just edit your tftp file for xinetd like this:
*Change the IPto be the IPof the interface you want to listen on.
To test if your tftp is available on a certain IP range use nc -u yourip 69 to see if you can still connect (/var/log/messages or /var/log/syslog) should show the connection if it is open.
Oct 13 23:20:34 01 xinetd: Started working: 1 available servic........
Having a network bridge allows you to bridge traffic under multiple devices so they can talk natively without using any special routing, iptables/firewall or other trickery.
To create your bridge you need the bridge-utils package for brctl and if you want to do things like bridge VMs that run on a tap device you will need the uml-utilities which provides "tunctl".
1.) Install the utilities to make our bridge
sudo apt-get i........
By default your DHCP will often not work because it is not listening on any interfaces.
All you have to do is edit this file:
then find the "INTERFACES" line and add each interface that should listen:
In most of the Cisco router IOS I find the ports like ge0/0 ge0/1 and ge0/2 or whatever your ports are down. They will not even give you a link light. So one of the first tasks should be getting the port you are working with up.
In my case the first goal is often connectivity with the LAN and WAN.
LAN = your local area network (eg. in the office/home )
WAN= your ISP/public internet (eg. fiber/cable/dsl/ethernet).........
Enter configuration console:
This is important because if your console doesn't look like below none of the commands will work!
Save and Apply Settings
Show Switch Configuration:
Show Port List/Sta........
Cisco's CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) is a system that combines voice, video, data and mobile products into a single unified management suite. At its core, the CUCMis like a "Super PBX" that controls the flow of all communications through an organization even single or multiple site deployments.
Cisco's CUCMmakes communication more effective and simple through centralized management and unification of communications resources.........
You can find many ways to specify the VLANin your network configuration but Ifind this is the simplest and quickest.
In this case we are talking about a bridged adapter "vmbr0" but it works even if you just had a normal non-bridged interface.
The key here is that in vmbr0 you'll notice there is no IP address. We just specify "manual".
Below it is a similar stanza for "vmbr0.58" in this case 58 represents the VLAN (change........
I've read a few guides about this but they didn't work for me.
sudo apt-get install bridge-utils
#don't think the above is enough it won't work still even though you have by default an /etc/qemu-ifup that handles it if you have the right tools and setup
sudo qemu-system-x86_64 -net tap -net nic -enable-kvm -cpu host,vmx=on ~/VirtualBox VMs/vsphere-vcenter/vsphere-vcenter.vdi
W: /etc/qemu-ifup: no bridge for guest interface foun........
This is useful for security purposes especially on a server which may have a public IP assigned to it but has a second NIC for the LAN.
Here is how you edit smb.conf:
interfaces = 192.168.1.50
bind interfaces only = yes
As you can see above it will only listen on 192.168.1.50 and remind to keep the "bind interfaces only"option.........
By default Samba SMB/NMB listen on ANY and ALLIPs on your system by binding to 0.0.0.0. Obviously this is a huge security risk if you have a public facing server with both internal and external access. Usually when a system administrator sets up a samba server their intention is just to share with a LAN.
To do this you need to the following options under the [global] section in smb.conf
bind interfaces only = yes
interfaces = 192........
yum -y install wget
wget -P /etc/yum.repos.d/ http://ftp.openvz.org/openvz.repo
rpm --import http://ftp.openvz.org/RPM-GPG-Key-OpenVZ
yum -y install vzkernel vzctl
sed -i s/'net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0'/'net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1'/g /etc/sysctl.conf
#all interfaces should not send redirects
echo "net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
ProCurve J4903A Switch 2824
Software revision I.10.77
Copyright (C) 1991-2009 Hewlett-Packard Co. All Rights Reserved.
RESTRICTED RIGHTS LEGEND
Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject to restrictions........
If you move your hard drive(s) around to other computers/servers, you'll find that your eth0 keeps getting higher, the first time it will become eth1 and then eth2 etc and even higher if your server has dual or quad NICs. The reason is that udevd basically assigns eth0 tot he first NIC it finds and remembers it, if it encounters a NIC with a differentMAC, it assigns it one higher (eg. eth1).
See the example below, I have eth2 now so how doI fix it?........
I've run into two issues with Lantronix based KVMs on various servers and here's how I solved them (with that said I like these units as they are Java based and OS independent and work very well, unike some other models like Startech).
1.) If you are connected by USB only and you're sure USB support from the BIOS is enabled, you just need to click the following in Lantronix
Interfaces -> Keyboard/Mouse
Check "Force USB Full Speed Mode", this fixed the issu........
This is something I often setup for clients because it's very helpful for people in datacenters, this allows custom OS installs on demand, you can customize it more by using kickstart etc.. but here's a base I use before customizing more:
This little script below will install everything you need to get booting by PXE Linux.
It also assumes you set a local IP (be sure not to overwrite your existing IP) on eth0:0 (note the :0) as 192.168.1.10 and it........
yum -y install vnstat
chown nobody.nobody -R /var/lib/vnstat/
#replace venet0 below with your desired interface
sudo -u nobody vnstat -u -i venet0
#edit: vi /etc/sysconfig/vnstat
# only use the sed below if you are using venet0 instead of eth0 or replace accordingly
sed -i 's/eth0/venet0/g' /etc/sysconfig/vnstat
[root@monitor]# yum install vn........
Amarok won't play songs, keeps skipping to the next
Some say install install phonon-backend-xine
but it was already installed automatically, obviously that's not the problem or solution.
Settings -> Configure Amarok
Playback: Configure Phonon
Audio Output: Music
It should show your different audio interfaces, choose Pulse Audio and move it to the top of the list, do the Apply, OK and manually quit Amarok (remember to close it from the tra........
Basically the two main types of distros are Debian and RHEL/Centos based. I'm just going to give a quick overview of how the configuration of IP interfaces works in Debian/Centos based distros.
*Just one thing to remember, when setting IPs statically you have to manually specify a DNS server in /etc/resolv.conf (since DHCP is what normally does it automatically)
The IP (DHCP &........