Step 1.) Upgrade to Debian 11 first
The process to go to Debian 12 is not as smooth as 11, when trying to upgrade from Debian 10. In fact, it doesn't work directly, so you'll first need to follow this guide to update to Debian 11, reboot and come back here if successful.
Step 2.) Update sources.list
Update your /etc/apt/sources.list like this:
-?????????? ? ? ? ? ? shadow
----------. 1 root root 748 Jul 10 04:35 shadow-
cat: shadow: Input/output error
If you see this you are probably in big trouble, it could be a physical error or if it's a VM image that it is corrupted due to a physical error on the underlying disk/array/NAS or it could a........
The reason for doing this is that the installer doesn't seem to work properly for LUKS and the server installer doesn't even support LUKS anymore. When you use the GUI install on Desktop for LUKS it won't boot and will just hang after you enter your password. So the only reliable way is to do it ourselves.
1.) Make a default minimal install of Ubuntu
2.) Have a secondary disk on the server or VM.
The cool thing here is that we only need 1 drive to make a RAID 10 or RAID 1 array, we just tell the Linux mdadm utility that the other drive is "missing" and we can then add our original drive to the array after booting into our new RAID array.
Step#1 Install tools we need
yum -y install mdadm rsync
Step #2 Create your partitions on the drive that will be our RAID array
Here I assume it is /dev........
The key thing here is to know the actual partition that is encrypted.
Often in Linux Mint's installer that ends up being partition 5 or /dev/sda5
sudo cryptsetup luksOpen /dev/sda5 anynamehere
You will then be prompted for your irrecoverable passphrase:
Enter passphrase for /dev/sda5:
If all goes well it won't say anything further. If it says ""No key available with this passphr........
Do you hate how Centos 7 defaults to allocating most of your valuable space to /home even though it is a production server?
Here is a quick guide on how to take back that space live, while online (of course make sure you have backups just in case something goes wrong!):
First we will reduce our home dir by 100G:
lvreduce -L -100G /dev/mapper/centos-home
WARNING: Reducing active and open logical volume to ........
lvreduce -L -100G /dev/mapper/centos-home
Do you really want to reduce centos/home? [y/n]: y
Size of logical volume centos/home changed from ........
This error is usually because of some sort of encryption in this case a Seagate enclosure with encryption (even though not enabled) did not allow this hard drive to boot.........
Jun 1 15:45:42 videoeditor-desktop org.mate.panel.applet.MintMenuAppletFactory: project_data:INFO Missing folder chosen by user:
Jun 1 15:45:42 videoeditor-desktop org.mate.panel.applet.MintMenuAppletFactory: project_data:INFO Removed missing file: MAH02949.MP4
Jun 1 15:45:57 videoeditor-desktop org.mate.panel.applet.MintMenuAppletFactory: ui_util:WARNING Icon theme media-playback-start not found. Will use backup........
In short the solution is just to use vgremove for the actual /dev/mapper device:
box mnt # mdadm --manage /dev/md8 --stop
mdadm: Cannot get exclusive access to /dev/md8:Perhaps a running process, mounted filesystem or active volume group?
box mnt # lv
lvchange lvconvert lvcreate l........
Here is the scenario you or a client have a remote machine that was installed as a standard/default minimal Centos 6.x machine on a single disk with LVM for whatever reason. Often many people do not know how to install it to a RAID array so it is common to have this problem and why reinstall if you don't need to? In some cases on a remote system you can't easily reinstall without physical or KVM access.
So in this case you add a second physical or disk or already ha........
#count=10000 makes an image of 10000MB make sure your image is at least the same as your existing
dd if=/dev/zero of=yourimage.img bs=1M count=10000
# losetup -fv newimage.raw
# fdisk -cu /dev/loop0
# kpartx -a /dev/loop0
# dd if= of=/dev/mapper/loop0p1
# e2fsck -f /dev/mapper/loop0p1
# resize2fs /dev/mapper/loop0p1
# a lot of guides tell you to edit /etc/fst........
This was caused by some weird dmraid setup which kind of takes control of drives even if they're blank/unused.
1. Check the table.
ddf1_44656c6c202020201000006010281f0b3f5195b77cf86172: 0 3905945600 linear 8:0 0
ddf1_44656c6c202020201000006010281f0b3f5195b77cf86172p3: 0 37124096 linear 253:0 284547072
ddf1_44656c6c202020201000006010281f0b3f5195b77cf86172p2: 0 283496448 linear 253:0 1050624
3 logical volume(s) in volume group "vg_12" now active
inactive '/dev/vg_12/lv_root' [144.04 GB] inherit
inactive '/dev/vg_12/lv_home' [1.00 GB] inherit
inactive '/dev/vg_12/lv_swap' [7.85 GB] inherit........
This booting error is because the Xen PV guest image uses the Xen kernel, this is not compatible with anything but a host running a Xen kernel.
I did a kpartx -av virtual.img and then it created some partitions that showed up in fdisk.
I mounted it and did a chroot into it and removed the xen kernel and installed a normal kernel but Xen still shows the same kernel in Grub (only the Xen one).
This is strange but it seems like this Xen PV guest has some sort of hidden or........
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
50G 1.2G 46G 3% /
tmpfs 7.8G 0&nb........
yum exits in the middle
The problem is this VPS seems to be an OpenVZ template from HyperVM. The only way to make it work was to disable i386 packages since this was an x64 kernel. That shouldn't be necessary but it was the only way to make yum stop quitting after the first package or two. I couldn't find any issue by checking the logs either.
echo y|yum install vim-minimal telnet expect jwhois net-tools slocate iptables elinks gawk
This is based on Debian Linux but should apply equally to any *nix distro.
apt-get install cryptsetup
Setup your LUKS Partition
Of course change /dev/md2 with whatever partition you intend to use LUKS on.
cryptsetup --verbose --verify-passphrase luksFormat /dev/md2
You'll be asked to verify your decryption password twice
*DO NOT FORGET THIS PASSWORD AS IT IS NOT RECOVERABLE!........
Basic Port ListingHopefully someone finds this useful or at least interesting.
Name Port Protocol Description
Small services ........