dd is a very handy tool and there are some more practical things we can do. For example if we want to dump a 3TB drive and want to preserve it and only 200GB are being used on the 3TB we can save a lot of space with gzip.
Backing Stuff up with dd
How to Use dd to backup a raw hard drive and tar gzip at once
Change /dev/sda to the drive you want to backup
If you see this in /etc/sudoers it is NOT a comment but an include.
For example in Linux mint sudoers.d contains the following files:
casper mintupdate README
casper for example contains the following sudoers line:
mint ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL
So if you are messing ar........
On a test machine Iwas never able to access to a newly created 4th partiton. As we can see there are dev devices for everything but the 4th partition.
The normal "partprobe" or "kpartx" or kernel being told to rescan the block device didn't help (only a reboot did).
fdisk -l /dev/sda
Disk /dev/sda: 750.2 GB, 750156374016 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 91201 cylinders
#mount the VCSA DVD
mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd
#alternatively you could mount the iso directly
mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path
#for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux
#no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file
Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
The main issue is it looks like Java is not configured to accept the invalid ssl cert that is coming from the download location.
Exception in thread "main" java.lang.RuntimeException: javax.net.ssl.SSLException: java.security.ProviderException: java.security.InvalidKeyException: EC parameters error
The commands below will help you reset any mysql user password.
update user set password=PASSWORD('thenewpass') where User='theusername';
The first line says to use the "mysql" database which contains all the user info.
the second update line sets the new password "thenewpass" for the u........
The solution is simple but strange, if you copy your /var/lib/mysql directory to another server and think it will work, be sure to check if you have /var/log/mysql and binary log files. If you do, the server will not work and will give you errors like below and crash without the proper log files.
UPDATE user SET password=password("newpass") WHERE user='root';
ERROR 2013 (HY000): Lost connection to MySQL server durin........
if [[ $variable = *windows* ]]; then
echo "Our variable has windows"
This is a feature that works very well in bash and is easy to do:
*Remember you need the double brackets for this specific test even though a normal if would not require them
if [[ "$variable" = hi* ]]; then
echo "yes it contains hi"
You need the "openssh-clients" package which contains sftp and scp.
yum -y install openssh-clients........
#count=10000 makes an image of 10000MB make sure your image is at least the same as your existing
dd if=/dev/zero of=yourimage.img bs=1M count=10000
# losetup -fv newimage.raw
# fdisk -cu /dev/loop0
# kpartx -a /dev/loop0
# dd if= of=/dev/mapper/loop0p1
# e2fsck -f /dev/mapper/loop0p1
# resize2fs /dev/mapper/loop0p1
# a lot of guides tell you to edit /etc/fst........
cat Xorginfo.txt|grep -nr "xserver-xorg"
9: sudo apt-get remove --purge xserver-xorg
13: sudo apt-get install xserver-xorg
17: sudo dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg........
At first it was configured as a RAID 0, then I deleted the Virtual Disk Group.
I thought both drives would be shown and detected in Linux as sda and sdb but it actually shows nothing.
To make them work you have to hit Ctrl+R before the system boots (when prompted) and create a Virtual Disk Group. In my case I created each one as RAID 0 (with a single drive only) as I just wanted JBOD but there is no such option or default in these Dell Pe........
Bash weird variable whitespace missing
var=`cat tlds.csv|grep .ca,`
# echo "var=:$var:"
Why is the v missing in the last line?
It should be
I noticed a problem with the file with doing a "cat -v" on it.
Here's the issue, the file contains carat M ^M:
.vg,British Virgin Island........
Here's a proven example of what a bad hard drive can do, it was technically functioning OKin a RAID array but the system became extremely low and the load become high and IOWAIT was even higher and I always thought it was a bad application. The truth is that this failing 1TBHitachi has slowly gotten worse and caused huge slowdowns, (eg. 100% load on Thunderbird waiting for e-mails to load etc..). After swapping it out, tabs change instantly, emails are not lagged, and........
fdisk -lu VPS.img
last_lba(): I don't know how to handle files with mode 81ed
You must set cylinders.
You can do this from the extra functions menu.
Disk VPS.img: 0 MB, 0 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 0 cylinders, total 0 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Device Boot Start End ........
I was afraid to remove the virtualbox 3.2 package in Ubuntu because I didn't know if it might remove the .virtualbox folder which contains all of my VM data.
I have a backup soI did remove the package and found everything was intact, so I installed and upgrade to VBOX 4.0 which seems to be a huge improvement, especially in UI performance.........
Santrex never provided any working server, I believe it was just a dummy management Solus server because the server said it was booted but never connected to the console. I complained to them and eventually the support admitted the server was not working and to wait for 24 hours. I waited for 4-days, after which they sent an e-mail saying my service was being disabled for SPAM ...(when SolusVM shows 0kb of traffic). Th........
These are the only two I've encountered but here is the low-end and note my story is not at all unique.
In my case I was scammed out of money and did not receive any service at all from either company.
Santrex never provided any working server, I believe it was just a dummy management Solus server because the server said it was booted but never connected to the console. I complained to them and eventually the support adm........
Convert MBOX Mail files into Maildir using Linux
*You need perl an the TimeDate module
Get the free Perl script mb2md from the project/author's site:
#remember you need timedate or you'll get this error:
Virtualmin Postfix Error:
The status of your system is being checked to ensure that all enabled features are available, that the mail server is properly configured, and that quotas are active ..
A problem was found with your Postfix virtual maps : No map sources were found in the Postfix configuration
.. your system is not ready for use by Virtualmin.
Nov 29 20:17:58 ubuntu kernel: [ 1157.180789] md: md1 stopped.
Nov 29 20:17:58 ubuntu kernel: [ 1157.180829] md0: unknown partition table
filesystem not responding/reading properly with du or rsync (this needed an fsck).
[ 2571.489217] EXT3-fs error (device md2): ext3_lookup: deleted inode referenced: 35923106
[ 2571.942299] EXT3-fs error (device md2): ext3_lookup: deleted inode referenced: 35923110
This is a great way to use your ftp server space, for example on your web hosting account (althoughI believe many hosts don't allow storage like this), but if you have a VPS/Dedicated Server etc.., this would be perfect. Imagine how easy it is to work with an ftp account that you can just mount as a normal partition or directory in Linux, it would be great for backups etc..
curlftpfs - mount a ftp host as a local directory
This drive is clearly on the way out, the Kernel knows it but I'm surprised that SMART is not concerned. I didn't blame Seagate for their past issues until now. This hard drive has hardly been used and has not even been powered on for a year according to SMART.
Home page is http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/
=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family: Seagate Barracuda 7200.11
Before we start I take no responsibility for this, you should have a backup and if you make a mistake during this process you could wipe out all of your data. So backup somewhere else before starting this as a precaution, or make sure it's data you could afford to lose.
The RAID 1 Setup (Hardware Wise)
I've already setup my 2 x 1TB (Seagate) drives with identical partitions, make sure your new hard drive (the empty one) is setup like your curr........
Other Security Web SitesSeveral websites actively track security issues. This list provides you with the major providers
of security information on the Web. Many of these organizations also provide newsletters and
mailings to announce changes or security threats:
Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security (CERIAS)
CERIAS is an industry-sponsored center at Purdue University that is focused on technology and
top - 09:34:12 up 2 days, 20:57, 2 users, load average: 1.83, 1.99, 2.03
Tasks: 59 total, 2 running, 57 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombie
Cpu(s): 0.3%us, 0.0%sy, 0.0%ni, 0.0%id, 99.7%wa, 0.0%hi, 0.0%si, 0.0%st
That 99.7% wa is iowait, it means the server is waiting for a process to complete an IOoperation or in plain English, there is a delay in........
It's actually very simple and "grep" makes it as easy as possible. I'll outline a few common scenarios and provide some examples.
Say you want to search ALLfiles within the current directory (and inside/deeper) for the text "phpinfo()"
grep -R "phpinfo()" *
If you want to search only certain files such as only .txt you would do this instead:
grep -R "phpinfo()" *.txt
As you ca........
This will give you the basic info needed to browse and connect to Samba shares from the command line. From the GUI of Gnome or KDE etc, it is pretty standard and straight forward. However, I've found very little guides on how to do it from the command line and if you're like me, a nerd who prefers command line for its simplicity and for remote use, this is the way to go.
First get a list of all the Samba/SMB shares on the target.
smbclient -L hostname........