• Linux how to keep command line bash process running if you are disconnected or need to logout of SSH remotely


    So you started a process or other important task that is remote but it is in the foreground and on a pts. This means if you background with Ctrl + Z or otherwise logout or get disconnected that the process will be stopped. Here is how you can solve the problem: 1.) Hit Ctrl + Z to suspend the process. 2.) Type bg to restore the process into the background. If you do a ps aux on the process you will see it was restored with the & at the end, which puts........
  • Grandstream Phone Vulnerability Security Issue Remote Backdoor Connection to 207.246.119.209:3478


    Have you checked your router/firewall logs and disconcertingly see connections to an unknown IP207.246.119.209:3478 from your Grandstream VOIPphones? You're not alone and the Grandstream forums have discussed this issue. However, even their own staff d........
  • Cisco 2900 3900 Router Password Reset How To Reset Enable Password


    It is a bit different and annoying here for these types of routers/models as you need to physically remove the CF (Compact Flash) and only then, will it enter ROMMON mode (Ctrl + Pause remotely over the console will not do it for us). This means you cannot do this remotely, or at least not without the help of a remote/physical helper. Step 1.) Power off, router and remove CF Disk Slot#2 Go to the router and remove the slot#2 cover uses your hand or it may help to use a........
  • How To Tell Which Repository a Package Comes From Debian Mint Ubuntu


    Just use apt-cache policy to find the repo of a package: apt-cache policy lxd lxd: Installed: 3.0.3-0ubuntu1~18.04.2 Candidate: 3.0.3-0ubuntu1~18.04.2 Version table: *** 3.0.3-0ubuntu1~18.04.2 500 500 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 Packages &nb........
  • Cisco Howto Configure Console Port/Terminal/Comm Server with Async Cable Setup


    This assumes that you've already installed the relevant HWIC cards eg. Cisco Asynchronous Serial NIM These are essentially cards that you install into your router, once installed you connect an Async cable to one of the ports on the card which normally gives you 8 console cables and are normally labelled 1 through 8. You connect all of the cables to the devices you need (even non-Cisco devices) whether switches, routers or firewalls, they will usually work. The real m........
  • QEMU-KVM KVM Command Line Practical Guide


    Iam going to build this based on a series of small howto QEMU / KVMposts I've made as I feel much of the information is actually hard to find and piece together from the rest of the web. What I'm going to focus on is how to use virtio as the NIC because if you don't you get very slow NIC speeds but with the virtio NIC model you basically get host speeds. /usr/libexec/qemu-kvm -enable-kvm -smp 8 -m 16000 -net user -net nic,model=virtio -drive file=ubuntu-gpt2l........
  • Centos 7 How to install Mysql/Mariadb


    yum -y install mariadb-server systemctl start mariadb mysql_secure_installation Now we need to secure our install and set the MariaDB root password: The lines you need to act on are marked in bold shown with the answer you need. mysql_secure_installation NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB SER........
  • zenity popup messages, windows, dialogs, error messages calendars and more howto on Gnome Linux including Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Centos and more


    zenity is a nice utility as part of the gnome window manager that allows you to script from bash and retrieve the input from the user. It could also be helpful in just notifying a user when they login with a popup window. I'll give an overview of what's available with zenity: Application Options: --calendar Display calendar dialog --entry Display tex........
  • Centos 7 - How To Install NFS and Mount Remotely


    Server Side Config 1.) First install nfs-utils yum -y install nfs-utils 2.) Configure nfs share Create a directory for your NFS share mkdir /datastore Create your NFS share in /etc/exports echo "/datastore 10.220.101.0/24(rw,sync,no_root_squash)" >> /etc/exports systemctl restart nfs........
  • Prevent SSH Bruteforce and Hacks By Disabling Password Authentication


    One simple way to keep your server public but almost impossible to hack via SSHis to disable password authentication over SSH. This means the only way in is via your own private key that only you should have. Edit your /etc/ssh/sshd.conf file Set this option PasswordAuthentication no Restart your SSH server. service sshd restart ........
  • kdenlive - No LADSPA plugins were found! Check your LADSPA_PATH environment variable. [producer_xml] failed to load transition "qtblend"


    This happens if you are running a kdenlive script from the shell of a remote machine without using SSH "-X" forwarding and it will also cause any areas where you write text to be a white screen for that duration. melt FusionFestival.kdenlive No LADSPA plugins were found! Check your LADSPA_PATH environment variable. [producer_xml] failed to load transition "qtblend" [producer_xml] failed to load transition &q........
  • MySQLD Server shutdown remotely unexpectedly


    170110 5:35:23 [Note] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Normal shutdown 170110 5:35:23 [Note] Event Scheduler: Purging the queue. 0 events 170110 5:35:23 InnoDB: Starting shutdown... 170110 5:35:24 InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 0 12765401 170110 5:35:24 [Note] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Shutdown complete 170110 05:35:24 mysqld_safe mysqld from pid file /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid ended........
  • forcedeth MCP55 Nforce3600 Nvidia Network NIC Card Not working in Linux at 1gigabit speeds


    Now many people report this card simply not working in various Linux distros and kernels. My issue is different, it always works at 100mbit (eg. plugged into a 100mbit switch) but no matter what 1000M/gigabit switch I would try, it would never work. The link would be up (the lights were on) and the OS detected the link as being up as well but it wouldn't work at all and could not pass data in or out (not even a ack/ping). There is one simple solution and command........
  • Execute Local Bash Scripts remotely by SSH


    for ip in `cat fixlist.txt`; do sudo -u apache ssh root@$ip "`cat iptablesrules.sh`" done In the above example we are going to execute the commands within the local file "iptablesrules.sh" on all the machines in "fixlist.txt". This is a great way of performing server maintenance in a clustered or cloud environment.........
  • MySQL Recover/Reset Lost/Forgotten root Password


    One note is to secure MySQL, I don't know for sure but I believe you could login to MySQL remotely with no password during this operation (I'm not sure, maybe it doesn't accept blank passwords but I firewall MySQL port anyway and recommend you do the same). First edit /etc/my.cf Under the [mysqld] field add the following line somewhere: skip-grant-tables Now restart mysql: service mysql restart or on Debian sty........
  • Nice General Linux RAID 1 Guide


    Nice General Linux RAID 1 GuideFull examples/tutorials that should work for any Linux system using GRUB or LILO as the boot loader. This is the only tutorial I've seen that clearly shows how you can convert an existing non-RAID system to software RAID1 remotely, without ever having to be at the computer. This is important for people who co-locate or rent dedicated servers that they may not have physical access to in a timely manner. https://alioth.debia........
  • Backup Shell Script


    Backup Shell Script[quote:aaa4b0b165]#!/bin/sh date=`date -I` mysqldump --all-databases | gzip > /var/backup/backup-$date.sql.gz [/quote:aaa4b0b165] Something like that could be useful as a cronjob to locally or remotely backup your databases........
  • Writing/Burning a data CD-R/DVD-R or DVD+RW in Unix/Linux


    There's a lot of outdated information and confusion for system administrator's out there. One annoying task for many an Administrator has been backing up data in Linux. You don't need any GUI tools such as K3B or GnomeBaker. Both are excellent tools but for veteran command line users working remotely, using the keyboard is a great and possibly automated way to save yourself pain and hassle. At a later date we'll cover how scripting can automatically backup certain........
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