Is your /var/log/journal overweight and bloated? For example a decent install of Debian 11 with most applications and services ends up being about 4.9G with the journal taking a few gigs.
du -hs /var/log/journal/
By default in a lot of distributions there is no maximum size so it will keep growing. This is especially problematic for embedded distributions and devices, but is also a huge waste of sp........
First of all make sure that you don't have the write-lock or write-protect switch enabled on the SDCard or USB drive.
If the above is not the case, then follow these instructions:
Solution - Clear Read Only Attribute
Hit "Windows Key+R" and enter "cmd" to enter the command prompt:
Now type the following :........
There aren't too many simple guides that show you how to use commands to setup your USB or other drive as a normal bootable drive where you can easily boot custom kernels or whatever OS you would like.
1. Get the tools we need:
We install "syslinux" for MBR and "syslinux-efi" for EFI and "MBR" as we need a tool that embeds the actual MBR into our USB:
sudo apt install syslinux syslinux-efi mbr........
It seems that QEMU/KVM's default PS2 mouse and keyboard doesn't work right in most cases. I have especially observed issues using Ctrl+C and Ctrl+V and in Linux you may see repeated key presses in the terminal and you will wonder why you copied something and it's not in the clipboard when you try to paste. The way to temporarily fix it is to press the key that is repeating once(works in Linux but not really in Windows).
Sometimes when moving your mouse it will also s........
How To Compile QEMU Manually (using sensible options)
1.) Download the QEMU source file you want.
2.) Extract The Source File
tar -Jxvf qemu-4.2.0.tar.xz
3.) Switch to the extracted source
4.) Make sure we have the right libraries and tools to compile QEMU manually
sudo apt install build-e........
It took a lot of fiddling to make a Huion Kamvas 13 Pro work in Linux but it simple once you know what to do. Don't bother searching as it is unlkely there is a guide out there that will actually make your tablet work.
It mainly comes down to the fact that the hid_uclogic kernel module is buggy or doesn't support MANYof these wacom based/Huion tablets properly.
What was happening with me is that Ihad the Kamvas 13 Huion setup as a secondary screen/monitor.&nb........
The best way to avoid this problem is to understand how your BIOS is setup to boot.
Often newer machines will default to U(EFI) which is different than the traditional MBR/Legacy mode.
The problem is that this may not be apparent, often a BIOS Boot Menu will show a Legacy Boot Option and EFIOption without defining it.
A good example of this is if your USB is called "Kingston" you may see in your Boot Menu "Kingston" and also "Ubuntu"........
Before you try to install and dual boot it is very important to understand the concept of "what boot mode your BIOS is in" and "what mode you booted the installer to".
Then follow the example of Linux Mint (but most Linux installers are very similar)to carefully understand WHERE you are installing your Boot Loader to whether that be MBR or EFI.
How Am IBooted?
First it's important to check your BIOS to see........
It really seems limited in that it can mainly give you the things you would see on the physical unit such as load etc..
tar -zxvf apcupsd-3.14.14.tar.gz
/usr/libexec/qemu-kvm -enable-kvm -boot order=cd,once=dc -vga cirrus -m 4096 -drive file=~/23815135.img,if=virtio -usbdevice tablet -net nic,macaddr=DE:AD:BE:EF:D4:AB -netdev bridge,br=br0,id=net0
qemu-kvm: -usbdevice tablet: '-usbdevice' is deprecated, please use '-device usb-...' instead
access denied by acl file
qemu-kvm: bridge helper failed
[root@CentOS-82-64-minimal 23815135]# /usr/libexec/qemu-kvm -enable-kvm -boot order=cd,once=dc -vga cirrus -........
This is the reason that I don't like the new ADATA USB drives such as the UV128/64GB or 128GB drives and other ones that look to be the same style (the green sliding USB connector).
They just don't work well from new and never work properly at any point.
[ 788.242463] usb 1-1.2: new high-speed USB device number 16 using ehci-pci
[ 788.339816] usb 1-1.2: New USB device found, idVendor=125f, idProduct=db8a
Use fdisk on your USB drive to create a bootable NTFS partition (in my case /dev/sdb):
sudo fdisk /dev/sdb
Welcome to fdisk (util-linux 2.27.1).
Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
Be careful before using the write command.
Command (m for help): n
p primary (0 primary, 0 extended, 4 free)........
Now older versions of qemu-kvm didn't throw this error say if you just had "-video cirrus" when starting qemu-kvm. But newer versions do care.
And this probably only applies to you if you are running from bash/terminal with remote kvm images.
What you need to do is remove the "-video" part and just add -vnc :5
eg. this would fix the error:
qemu-system-x86_64 -enable-kvm -boot order=cd,once=dc -m 1024 -drive........
Install Errors on Version 12:
This error happened on QEMU emulator version 2.11.1 pve-qemu-kvm_2.11.1-5
on Proxmox/Debian but installing on QEMU.12 on Centos 6 did not produce the error.
*Update it is not related to the OS or QEMU version. This happened in Centos 6 too after a second install.
What really causes this even though you successfully install........
The strange thing is that usually the first install or two will work on any new machine but then it suddenly won't. I had this experience on QEMU 2.13 on a different machine. There is something finicky or buggy about the CUCM installer even when choosing the same virtual hardware specs.
QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.1 (qemu-kvm-0.12.1.2-2.506.el6_10.1), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard
You may have noticed if you are running QEMU/KVMmanually that in Windows the the position of the physical mouse does not match where the mouse is positioned within Windows.
There is an easy command to pass to qemu-kvm or qemu-system (whatever you call your binary):
The above flag will fix your mouse pointing problems whether you are running Windows 95, 98, NT, XP 2000, 2003, Vista, 7, 8 10 or Server 2000, 2003, 2008, 2012, 2016 or 2........
It was broken because of this package for xorg I installed:
Just remove it even if you have to chroot from a live USB/CD:
sudo apt-get remove xserver-xorg-core-hwe-18.04........
4.374647] usb_common: exports duplicate symbol usb_get_dr_mode (owned by kernel)
[ 4.403334] usbcore: exports duplicate symbol __usb_get_extra_descriptor (owned by kernel)
[ 4.427736] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: xHCI Host Controller
[ 4.427844] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
[ 4.429040] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: hcc params 0x200077c1 hci version 0x100 quirks 0x01109810
[ 4.429141] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: cache line size of 64 is not sup........
BootModuleConfig.sh echo host-ind nfcd........
This works for almost all ISO's Ifind (at least Linux based):
sudo dd if=CentOS-6.9-x86_64-minimal.iso of=/dev/sdg bs=20M
20+1 records in
20+1 records out
427819008 bytes (428 MB) copied, 118.233 s, 3.6 MB/s
Of course change the .iso filename above and the /dev/sdg to your desired USB drive!........
I've never seen this before in all of my years. Ihave some very old CDs and DVDs 12-15 years old that seem not to work in this BD-R/DVD-R/CD-R Asus drive.
The discs are fine actually and ironically they even work fine on a normal LG USB based BD-R drive!
Here are the errors in Linux:
[2914936.884924] attempt to access beyond end of device
[2914936.884927] loop1: rw=0, want=730424, limit=688384
[2914954.556873] attempt to........
The easiest way is to use SSHand DD or a combination of netcat. SSHwill be a little slower due to encryption but is the most secure way (on two older systems the average clone speed is about 40-50MB/s). This is also OS independent as it doesn't matter what the source OS is because you are literallly cloning the drive so you retain the partition table and settings.
Clone HDD using SSH and DD........
Essentially a program I was running for mining did not terminate properly with Ctrl+C it is listed as defunct and cannot be killed, kernel is tainted and normal tricks to disable the port are impossible the dev and sys entries for the device cannot be browsed or interacted with in any form without a lockup of the request. The only solution is to reboot due to the kernel taint as far as I can find so far.
[1130246.811056] INFO: task minerd:21861 blocked for more th........
This is a 8TB Seagate external USB 3.0 device apparently newer kernels use a module called "UAS" instead of "USB Storage" which causes issues as a lot of devices are not properly supported in UAS mode by the kernel driver. The solution some say is to disable UAS specifically for your USB device but I'd rather just disable UAS altogether.
Solution blacklist UAS: *do not do this it does not work and just causes your USB 3.0........
This is a VIA made VL805 USB 3.0 Chipset with 4-ports and MOLEX powered. First of all this unit was cheap at about only 9 USD with fast shipping. My biggest concern was if this was a quality unit and would it really give you full USB 3.0 speeds (some people reported with similar cards that for some weird r........
When running cudaminer once it tries to initialize the card the entire screen freezes. The computer itself is still running but the Xorg is done for, you cannot even switch to another console window and must reboot (even an mdm or Xorg restart does not help).
At first cudaminer will give you these errors:
...retry after 15 seconds
GPU #0: Geforce 210 with compute ca........
Here is a simple MP3 player and now there's a reason to understand why the supplied cable has some kind of capacitor and is very short. These devices can be VERY finicky and any voltage fluctuation or difference is enough to cause issues.
Take for example the error messages from Linux Mint:
[804829.895414] usb 1-1: USB disconnect, device number 11
[806961.109030] usb 1-1: new high-speed USB device number 12 using xhci_hcd........
*Update so this doesn't work it must be something to do with the path of nfs or something else but the installer fails with "Installer crashed" at the end whereas with the CD/USB it works.
This assumes you've already installed and configured a separate PXE/DHCP server somewhere else and your /tftpboot directory is setup.
This is for Linux Mint 18.1 but generally applies to most versions although you may have tro change things like "casper"........
At first my BIOS said the card may not work right because there is no more option ROM space.
I disabled the Option ROM for both LSI 1068 and 2008 chipsets, Network Boot ROM and most other PCI slots, Serial Port, etc... and the message went away but the card still does not work properly.
But it still cannot initialize the card properly(does not work):
[ 33.943272] NVRM: This PCI I/O region assigned to your NVIDIA device is invalid:........
The solution was to reinstall the vbox dkms package and do a manual modprobe of the modules it makes.
I never sorted out the unable to start due to the USB issue, I did have the guest additions installed but the only way to boot was to change the pointing device from USB to PS2 and then to disable the USB controller (if your pointing device is set as USB, disabling USB will not work because it will re-enable by default when it sees your pointing device is USB, this is w........
0000:00:00.0 RAM memory: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 Memory Controller (rev a2)
0000:00:01.0 ISA bridge: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 LPC Bridge (rev a3)
0000:00:01.1 SMBus: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 SMBus (rev a3)
0000:00:02.0 USB controller: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 USB Controller (rev a1)
0000:00:02.1 USB controller: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 USB Controller (rev a2)
0000:00:05.0 IDE interface: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 SATA Controller (rev a3)
Dell CS24SC Info
0000:00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev 90)
0000:00:02.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 2-3 (rev 90)
0000:00:03.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 3 (rev 90)
0000:00:04.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x16 Port 4-7 (rev 90)
0000:00:05.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 5 (rev 90)........
0000:00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000P Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev b1)
0000:00:02.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 2-3 (rev b1)
0000:00:03.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 3 (rev b1)
0000:00:04.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 4-5 (rev b1)
0000:00:05.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x4........
It is a permissions issue that is hard to fix.
All but one USB device is greyed out.
I am already a member of "vboxusers"
I have already enabled and disabled USB support for the guest.
I have already reinstalled the latest VBOx guest editions
If running as root it all works fine
./configure: line 91: cd: /lib/modules/2.6.32-042stab084.25/build: No such file or directory
Error: kernel version not found.
Please make sure your kernel is configured.
dr-xr-xr-x. 4 root root 4096 Feb 21 06:13 ..
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 45 Feb 21 06:13 build -> ../../../usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-042stab084.25
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Feb 12 20........
Failed to load VMMR0.r0 (VERR_SUPLIB_OWNER_NOT_ROOT)
In most cases the error above is useful, it generally means /usr or /usb/lib or /usr/lib/virtualbox is not owned by root and this is the cause of the error.
sudo chown root.root /usr/lib........
I've got one of these for testing projects from work at home and got more than I bargained for with the time I've spent on it due to the storage handing/Perc 6/i cards.
My particular model came with the following:
2U Rack Mount Server with Rails
2xOpteron 2373 EE (Quad Core, there is a 6-core version that can be found at times)
2 x 250GB Seagate SATA
2 x Dell Perc 6/i (horrible and a nightmare to work........
One thing to remember is that you need MegaCli to do the flashing.
You also need the correct file,I tried at least 2 different Perc 6 firmwares from Dell that kept getting rejected as corrupt by MegaCli(they were really the wrong version). I have an external PCI-E Dell 6 Perc/I butI chose images from the 'Integrated" on motherboard version as it was allI could find. They are different, and below is my first time finding success.........
I flashed an LSI Logic firmware to it and it broke the BIOS (cannot do Ctrl+R) for booting purposes but allows other functionality to work normally.
I tried downgrading to a Dell firmware for Perc 6i but it won't work, not even with MegaCli
--2013-08-26 12:53:39-- http://downloads.dell.com/FOLDER00416606M/1/SAS-RAID_Firmware_W83M2_LN32_6.3.1-0003_A14.BIN
At first it was configured as a RAID 0, then I deleted the Virtual Disk Group.
I thought both drives would be shown and detected in Linux as sda and sdb but it actually shows nothing.
To make them work you have to hit Ctrl+R before the system boots (when prompted) and create a Virtual Disk Group. In my case I created each one as RAID 0 (with a single drive only) as I just wanted JBOD but there is no such option or default in these Dell Pe........
This is something many people and especially businesses worry about, or at least they should. Before throwing away a hard drive, returning a hard drive, or especially Warrantying/RMAing it, you should wipe the drive.
Linux provides the "shred" and "dd" utlities which work quite well. It seems even a single pass is good enough but by default shred will do 3 passes.
Here's an example of using shred in Linux (I use a custom made distribution from........
I chose this because I heard a lot of stories about scams and that many providers I contacted said they can't unlock the Canadian I717s (one said "my Bell server" is down).
This method worked perfectly on my Bell I717M and should work for all I717 in Canada, I was able to insert a foreign SIMcard. This will work abroad too but remember entering CWM mode is different for I717's in other countries (at least theUS).
Step 1 - Root + CWM........
This pops up when connecting the phone and it doesn't seem to charge. The phone keeps showing a status message every few seconds "Connected as a media device".
It's ridiculous why this phone doesn't just default as a simple USB Mass storage device.
Here's what I see in /var/log/messages:
Jan 30 18:51:27 QuadCoreAM2 kernel: [18038228.144046] usb 1-3: new high speed USB device using ehci_hcd and address 24
Jan 30 18:51:28 QuadCoreAM2 ke........
This booting error is because the Xen PV guest image uses the Xen kernel, this is not compatible with anything but a host running a Xen kernel.
I did a kpartx -av virtual.img and then it created some partitions that showed up in fdisk.
I mounted it and did a chroot into it and removed the xen kernel and installed a normal kernel but Xen still shows the same kernel in Grub (only the Xen one).
This is strange but it seems like this Xen PV guest has some sort of hidden or........
I've run into two issues with Lantronix based KVMs on various servers and here's how I solved them (with that said I like these units as they are Java based and OS independent and work very well, unike some other models like Startech).
1.) If you are connected by USB only and you're sure USB support from the BIOS is enabled, you just need to click the following in Lantronix
Interfaces -> Keyboard/Mouse
Check "Force USB Full Speed Mode", this fixed the issu........
One of my test Centos 5 containers was on a partition that filled up and it threw all sorts of errors and stopped responding but now I can't boot it again anymore.
All the console shows is the Linux Penguin on the top left corner and the xm console says "usbcore: registered new driver hub" and has halted there.
Centos 5 Xen container stuck/frozen won't boot on "usbcore: registered new driver hub"
Another great way of troubleshooting is booting fro........
My mother needed a new laptop and I recommended her the same one I would have bought myself or my wife, that means the cheapest possible laptop with the most features for the money.
This HP shines at this price point and one thing that made me stay away from buying more and recommending HP/Compaq was the poor battery life. Not anymore, this model has an industry leading up to 4 hours of battery life.
Key Factors for Choosing It:
high IO wait
424 root 39 19 1900 848 552 D 0.0 0.0 0:00.91 updatedb
root 424 0.0 0.0 1900 848 ? DN Mar11 0:00 /usr/bin/updatedb -f sysfs?rootfs?bdev?proc?cpuset?binfmt_misc?debugfs?sockfs?usbfs?pipefs?anon_inodefs?futexfs?tmpfs?inotifyfs?eventp........
Jan 5 12:45:05 testbox kernel: [653298.890004] BUG: soft lockup - CPU#0 stuck for 61s! [hal-acl-tool:4168]
Jan 5 12:45:05 testbox kernel: [653298.890005] Modules linked in: vmnet vmci vmmon binfmt_misc drbd video output input_polldev ocfs2_stackglue ocfs2_dlmfs ocfs2_dlm ocfs2_nodemanager configfs k8temp hwmon_vid lp snd_hda_intel snd_pcm_oss snd_mixer_oss snd_pcm snd_seq_dummy snd_seq_oss snd_seq_midi snd_rawmidi........
I separated the 2 drives in the RAID 1 array.
1 is the old one /dev/sda and is out of date, while the separated other one /dev/sdc was in another drive and mounted and used with more data (updated).
I wonder how mdadm will handle this:
usb-storage: device scan complete
md: md127 stopped.
md: md127: raid array is not clean -- starting background reconstruction
raid1: raid set md127 active with 1 out of 2 m........
The solution is simple but it's a wonder why VBOX doesn't address it directly?
Perhaps newer versions will but you have to add your user to the "vboxusers" group and then login and logout and you'll see the devices you wanted but couldn't access are now available.
The weird thing is that the grayed out issue doesn't happen with all devcies but one notable thing is the Apple iPhone especially in DFU or Recovery Mode which is an big issue for some people.........
This is obviously a bug in the r8169 kernel module and it seems to affect a lot of people. I upgraded to the latest kernel and hope this won't happen anymore, as it is a very serious error. This is especially serious for those who are running servers with this chipset, who can afford for the NIC to randomly go off-line for no apparent reason?
[655548.189113] type=1505 audit(1277067560.902:5): operation="profile_load" name="/usr/bin/freshclam&q........
My XBOX's dashboard/firmware was from sometime in 2008 when I first bought the system. I mainly played using composite cables but at my brother in law's house we used HDMI. The very first time it worked, but then I bought some games that did some update and after that HDMI never worked.
The symptoms besides having on sound is that your XBOX will show PC monitor resolutions but won't have any option to say you have a 720P or 1080P display, this means the XBOX firmware is fa........
I'm not impressed with this motherboard, I was impressed with my Gigabyte AM3 board which seems to work flawlessly.
Everyone knows that the firmware is flawed, even though I have the F6, it still seems that the system doesn't reset properly or quickly enough.
Another HUGE problem is that in most Linux kernels the NIC won't work (if you try 10 times by rebooting it might). I also notice that you need to power down for it to work.
This board does not seem very com........
This was unbelievable how much the Xen kernel slows things down, keep in mind both tests were done on the hostnode, one was with the Openvz-Xen hybrid kernel and the other was just OpenVZ. You can see the performance difference is nearly 300% better when not using the Xen kernel.
OpenVZ-Xen Kernel Test Results (I was wondering what was wrong/so slow with my Core i5!)
# # # # # #&n........
It's not just as simple as running the chroot command, you need to ensure the /proc and /dev entries are passed through and populated to the chroot environment.
Step 1 - Mount Your Off-lineOS
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt
Step 2 - Mount Proc
mount -t proc none /mnt/proc
Step 3 - Mount Dev
Most guides will tell you to use this: mount -o bind /dev /mnt//dev but that doesn't work for some reason in many cases:
I'm not a fan of Asus and won't be buying another because of having to fight Asus over a bogus warranty denial (it's a long story but they only replied about how to RMA my unit weeks later on the EXACT day the warranty expired).
Anyway, it's just a matter of hitting F9 to do this, there's no need to worry about booting from USB or CD (unless of course you want a different OS eg. Windows XP Pro, Vista/7, or a flavor of Linux or Unix). Also remember that you need to fully/properl........
Here are the results, it is Sempron 3000+ AMD Mobile, 500Gig HDD, 512MB RAM with shared ATI Radeon graphics.
# # # # # # # ##### ###### # # #### # #
# # ## # # # #&nb........
Convert PS2 controller to PC USB ControllerSuper Joy Box 3 Pro
ECS K7S5A Motherboard System Take Up To 2 Minutes To BootHi guys,
My motherboard is very strange. Sometimes it will take up to a few minutes to post. I have no idea it suddenly started doing this. I have tried everything and all I can figure is that it is somehow related to the USB ports possibly.
Why do I say this?
Because if I disconnect my scanner the problem occurs less frequently. I only have a printer hooked up to USB now and by........
This really is a difficult and confusing process for non-Mandarin speakers, but here's what I've done and learned so far:
You can purchase an "M-Zone" China Mobile pre-paid SIMCard from almost anywhere but I tried to purchase mine from Suning (a large electronics dealer) hoping they would be able to help me or answer my questions but my plan didn't work out at all. At Suning once I found someone who spoke some English they gave me the 55 RMB M-Zone China Mobile P........
Everyone says there is a "manual" way of doing it and then they tell you to use iTunes, but if you're like me, you're travelling on business in a foreign country and your laptop does not have iTunes and you don't have a way of getting it and/or don't want it.
For this example I'm using the provider "du" in Dubai, UAE (United Arab Emirates) but this method works for virtually all providers.
The requirements in this case to truly "manually update........
This is the Intel Atom 330 motherboard with integrated Realtek Gigabit NIC (Intel Desktop Board D945GCLF2 Motherboard W/ Atom 330 1.6 GHz Dual Core Processor - Mini-ITX)
I cannot achieve more than 15 MB/s, even doing a local transfer through eth0 to it's own IP.
100% 95MB 15.9MB/s 00:06
So this is not a cabling, switch or hardware issue, it seems like a driver or chipset limitation problem.
Here is my........
When trying to even cd or ls the mounted OCFS2 partition it crashes. Ithink this is a combination of VMWare Server's problem and the way I mounted and symlinked to it.
More than anything this shows the problem and lack of forsight with VMWare, but also that OCFS2 is easily crashed if you do strange things.
Output of /var/log/messages for OCFS2
Apr 10 15:57:45 localhost kernel: [84331.691258] Modules linked in: vmnet vmci vmmon ocfs2_stac........