If you've come here, don't be embarraassed, working in IT, this is the MOST common computer problem that almost everyone will encounter. The reason why I'm doing this post is because I've seen an increase from colleagues and admins having this problem and many times it's not even your fault. A common scenario is that someone acquires a new or used computer which they weren't given the password for. Fortunately Ihave a detailed list of all the options whether free or pa........
Occasionally my whole screen locks up and I cannot even swith to the console and I find this in my syslog:
description: VGA compatible controller
product: Mullins [Radeon R3 Graphics]
vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI]
4.374647] usb_common: exports duplicate symbol usb_get_dr_mode (owned by kernel)
[ 4.403334] usbcore: exports duplicate symbol __usb_get_extra_descriptor (owned by kernel)
[ 4.427736] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: xHCI Host Controller
[ 4.427844] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
[ 4.429040] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: hcc params 0x200077c1 hci version 0x100 quirks 0x01109810
[ 4.429141] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: cache line size of 64 is not sup........
#mount the VCSA DVD
mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd
#alternatively you could mount the iso directly
mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path
#for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux
#no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file
Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
Normally lspci will show you just like this and would suggest they are exactly the same card:
1a:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Ellesmere [Radeon RX 470/480/570/580] (rev e7)
1c:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Ellesmere [Radeon RX 470/480/570/580] (rev e7)
lspci -vnn is the answer
As we can see one is a Gigabyte and the other is an MSI card. Wha........
This works with lspci and if it's outdated may not give you the exact manufacturer and device model.
For example take these 3 different RX 580's:
1a:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Device 67df (rev e7)
1b:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Device 67df (rev e7)
1d:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Device 67df (rev e7)
This is a VIA made VL805 USB 3.0 Chipset with 4-ports and MOLEX powered. First of all this unit was cheap at about only 9 USD with fast shipping. My biggest concern was if this was a quality unit and would it really give you full USB 3.0 speeds (some people reported with similar cards that for some weird r........
When running cudaminer once it tries to initialize the card the entire screen freezes. The computer itself is still running but the Xorg is done for, you cannot even switch to another console window and must reboot (even an mdm or Xorg restart does not help).
At first cudaminer will give you these errors:
...retry after 15 seconds
GPU #0: Geforce 210 with compute ca........
At first my BIOS said the card may not work right because there is no more option ROM space.
I disabled the Option ROM for both LSI 1068 and 2008 chipsets, Network Boot ROM and most other PCI slots, Serial Port, etc... and the message went away but the card still does not work properly.
But it still cannot initialize the card properly(does not work):
[ 33.943272] NVRM: This PCI I/O region assigned to your NVIDIA device is invalid:........
This command in Debian/Ubuntu/Mint will get everything need installed for most Java based KVM viewers:
sudo apt install icedtea-netx
The following additional packages will be installed:
ca-certificates-java icedtea-netx-common openjdk-8-jre openjdk-8-jre-headless
It seems every other updated version of Java or Icedtea breaks things and I will save the frustration of Java for another post.........
The solution was to reinstall the vbox dkms package and do a manual modprobe of the modules it makes.
I never sorted out the unable to start due to the USB issue, I did have the guest additions installed but the only way to boot was to change the pointing device from USB to PS2 and then to disable the USB controller (if your pointing device is set as USB, disabling USB will not work because it will re-enable by default when it sees your pointing device is USB, this is w........
[ 2868.041375] ata1: EH in SWNCQ mode,QC:qc_active 0x40 sactive 0x40
[ 2868.041554] ata1: SWNCQ:qc_active 0x40 defer_bits 0x0 last_issue_tag 0x6
[ 2868.041556] dhfis 0x40 dmafis 0x40 sdbfis 0x20
[ 2868.041874] ata1: ATA_REG 0x41 ERR_REG 0x84
[ 2868.042013] ata1: tag : dhfis dmafis sdbfis sactive
[ 2868.042163] ata1: tag 0x6: 1 1 0 1
[ 2868.042301] ata1.00: exception Emask 0x1 SAct 0x40 SErr 0x400000 action 0x6 frozen
0000:00:00.0 RAM memory: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 Memory Controller (rev a2)
0000:00:01.0 ISA bridge: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 LPC Bridge (rev a3)
0000:00:01.1 SMBus: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 SMBus (rev a3)
0000:00:02.0 USB controller: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 USB Controller (rev a1)
0000:00:02.1 USB controller: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 USB Controller (rev a2)
0000:00:05.0 IDE interface: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 SATA Controller (rev a3)
Dell CS24SC Info
0000:00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev 90)
0000:00:02.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 2-3 (rev 90)
0000:00:03.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 3 (rev 90)
0000:00:04.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x16 Port 4-7 (rev 90)
0000:00:05.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 5 (rev 90)........
0000:00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000P Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev b1)
0000:00:02.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 2-3 (rev b1)
0000:00:03.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 3 (rev b1)
0000:00:04.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 4-5 (rev b1)
0000:00:05.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x4........
I'm not sure why I'm getting these but all memory modules are the exact same and all passed memtest successfully although they are ECC. I've heard that ECC RAM can't be tested as well and the kernel seems to indicate they are non-fatl recoverable errors. I wonder if the BIOS has aggressive RAM timing or maybe the controller or motherboard is bad.
[ 12.716515] EDAC MC: Ver: 2.1.0
[ 12.717771] EDAC MC0: Giving out device to........
The units in echo are kB as in kilobyte.
Setting a high sync speed
echo 120000 >/proc/sys/dev/raid/speed_limit_min
This will increase the speed, note that sometimes a rebuild is slow due to current disk activity/iowait.
If that is not the cause then you may have a hardware issue (controller, cable or a bad drive).
Setting a lower sync speed
echo 1200 >/proc/sys/dev/raid/speed_limit_max........
02:00.0 SCSI storage controller: LSI Logic / Symbios Logic SAS1068E PCI-Express Fusion-MPT SAS (rev 08)
03:00.0 SCSI storage controller: LSI Logic / Symbios Logic SAS1068E PCI-Express Fusion-MPT SAS (rev 08)
Basically these cards are a stripped-down version of Dell Perc 6/i only they (SAS 6/ir) support JBOD.
The DellPerc 6/i are basically useless because it doesn't have JBOD support and requires software or BIOS commands to add or remove........
I've got one of these for testing projects from work at home and got more than I bargained for with the time I've spent on it due to the storage handing/Perc 6/i cards.
My particular model came with the following:
2U Rack Mount Server with Rails
2xOpteron 2373 EE (Quad Core, there is a 6-core version that can be found at times)
2 x 250GB Seagate SATA
2 x Dell Perc 6/i (horrible and a nightmare to work........
I bricked one of my cards by following a guide from UNRAID.
Step #1 from them wipes out the BIOS, but guess what? The step where you restore the BIOS should have been done first, which is sas2flash but no version supports or is able to find my Perc 6/i. So now I'm a bit stuck.
I tried using megarec but it's funny that it can wipe the BIOS but can't forcefully reload it:
megarec -writesbr 0 mpt2sas.rom
Supports 1078 control........
One thing to remember is that you need MegaCli to do the flashing.
You also need the correct file,I tried at least 2 different Perc 6 firmwares from Dell that kept getting rejected as corrupt by MegaCli(they were really the wrong version). I have an external PCI-E Dell 6 Perc/I butI chose images from the 'Integrated" on motherboard version as it was allI could find. They are different, and below is my first time finding success.........
I flashed an LSI Logic firmware to it and it broke the BIOS (cannot do Ctrl+R) for booting purposes but allows other functionality to work normally.
I tried downgrading to a Dell firmware for Perc 6i but it won't work, not even with MegaCli
--2013-08-26 12:53:39-- http://downloads.dell.com/FOLDER00416606M/1/SAS-RAID_Firmware_W83M2_LN32_6.3.1-0003_A14.BIN
At first it was configured as a RAID 0, then I deleted the Virtual Disk Group.
I thought both drives would be shown and detected in Linux as sda and sdb but it actually shows nothing.
To make them work you have to hit Ctrl+R before the system boots (when prompted) and create a Virtual Disk Group. In my case I created each one as RAID 0 (with a single drive only) as I just wanted JBOD but there is no such option or default in these Dell Pe........
kernel: EDAC MC0: CE page 0x0, offset 0x0, grain 1073741824, syndrome 0x1a, row 2, channel 0, label "": i3200 CE
I believe this is a hardware issue, it's usually bad RAM, incompatible RAM or bad timing or even a motherboard/RAM controller.........
02:00.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8111/8168B PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet controller (rev 03)
For whatever reason it seems the r8169 driver that ships and has shipped with most Linux distros for years is still flawed and does not work properly on these cards, causing 100mbit connectivity when it should be 1gbit and even worse, causing random network dropouts. The r8169 driver in Linux kernels is simply not meant to be used on th........
00:14.2 Audio device: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] Hudson Azalia Controller (rev 01)
00:01.1 Audio device: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] nee ATI Device 9902
Backup your also.conf file
cp /usr/share/alsa/alsa.conf /usr/share/alsa/alsa.conf.bk
Change all instances of "card 0" to "card 1" (no need to manually do it, this command below does it all instantly and without fail or error:........
[ 12.460014] ata1: SRST failed (errno=-16)
[ 17.626677] ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0)
[ 22.480011] ata1: SRST failed (errno=-16)
[ 27.646681] ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0)
[ 38.106817] ata1.01: failed to IDENTIFY (INIT_DEV_PARAMS failed, err_mask=0x80)
[ 48.266676] ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0)........
Many people aren't aware but recently Dual-Master Replication setups have become increasingly popular. That's because you get similar features and benefits of having a full-blown cluster (difficult to setup and maintain and requires I believe 3 servers just as controllers).
With a dual-master you just have a different off-set for the keys and you should be good, but of course there is the chance that at some point replication will halt because of an unexpected or unforseen error........
Basically the two main types of distros are Debian and RHEL/Centos based. I'm just going to give a quick overview of how the configuration of IP interfaces works in Debian/Centos based distros.
*Just one thing to remember, when setting IPs statically you have to manually specify a DNS server in /etc/resolv.conf (since DHCP is what normally does it automatically)
The IP (DHCP &........
Here are the results, it is Sempron 3000+ AMD Mobile, 500Gig HDD, 512MB RAM with shared ATI Radeon graphics.
# # # # # # # ##### ###### # # #### # #
# # ## # # # #&nb........
Convert PS2 controller to PC USB ControllerSuper Joy Box 3 Pro
This is the Intel Atom 330 motherboard with integrated Realtek Gigabit NIC (Intel Desktop Board D945GCLF2 Motherboard W/ Atom 330 1.6 GHz Dual Core Processor - Mini-ITX)
I cannot achieve more than 15 MB/s, even doing a local transfer through eth0 to it's own IP.
100% 95MB 15.9MB/s 00:06
So this is not a cabling, switch or hardware issue, it seems like a driver or chipset limitation problem.
Here is my........