In today’s digital landscape, finding a reliable and secure Virtual Private Server (VPS) or Virtual Dedicated Server (VDS) goes beyond just comparing specs and prices. With increasing concerns over data privacy, security breaches, and government surveillance, the wisdom of choosing your VPS/VDS provider based on juri........
If you get this error, it is often because you have configured Apache with modules that weren't actually installed. Eg. you try to load the PHPmodule but didn't actually install the apache2 php module, so the server can't start. In general, this error can often be caused by issues with problematic modules and/or Apache being configured for modules that have not actually be installed (eg. libapache2-mod-php) is missing.
The above results in this less than obv........
If you are getting this error from systemctl "Loaded: masked (Reason: Unit hostapd.service is masked.)" we need to unmask the service.
systemctl unmask hostapd
root@routerOS:/var/log# systemctl start hostapd
root@routerOS:/var/log# systemctl status hostapd
● hostapd.service - Access point and authentication server for Wi-Fi and Ethern........
If you get this error when trying to SSHto a device or machine and you never even got a password prompt:
Too many authentication failures
This means that either the remote side is configured for key auth only, OR your client side may be attempting to auth using mulitple keys, and that exceeds the amount of attempted authorizations on the remote ssh server.
If the issue is trying to auth too many times which ssh defaults to sending the keys to, you ca........
Why choose OpenVPN instead of a firewall appliance?
OpenVPN can be a reliable and easy replacement for traditional hardware or just be an additional tool that your company uses so that the firewall can focus on its job rather than acting as a VPNappliance at the same time.
When comparing OpenVPN with traditional firewal........
The key is that you need to know the passphrase to do it, if you don't know the password for the key then you can't remove the key since it cannot be decrypted.
ssh-keygen is the easiest method and openssl can be used to manually remove the key and output it to a new file, which you can then copy back over top of the encrypted file.
After that your public key authentication will work without any password prompt because it is no longer encrypted. Make sure you understand........
1. Let's work from an environment where we can install Ansible on.
If you are using an older version of Linux based on Mint 18 or Ubuntu 16, you may want to get the PPA and get the latest version of Ansible that way:
sudo apt install gpg
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ansible/ansible
sudo apt update........
It is common that you may get access to undocumented equipment and need to reset the password. This applies to many Cisco routers whether 2600, 2900, 3900 etc...
Cisco's Guide says to hit Ctrl +Pause/Break but if it doesn't work on some devices causing people to say "cisco password reset pause break does not work", you can see Cisco's alternative key combinations here:........
Enable "cli" mode equivalent in JunOS
So rather than going to the console on a Cisco switch and typing "enable" and then "conf t", the equivalent in JunOS is "cli" and "configure".
How Do You Apply Changes You've Made?
You can make all kinds of changes to the switch, but remember they are not........
When authentication times out that is one thing, but when it just fails like below Asterisk by default will not re-register until you the admin reload the sip or asterisk server:
voipserver*CLI> sip show registry
Host dnsmgr Username Refresh State&........
If you are getting this error it is usually caused by having more than 5 keys in your ".ssh" directory. It is a bit of a bug and this is how it manifests itself.
You will find at this point that you are not given any chance to enter a password, or if you are using key based auth that the same thing happens. You'll also find that this is happening with ALLservers you try connecting to.
The solution is to move away key pairs from .ssh so that there ar........
MySQL on Debian versions is configured differently than the native local MySQL plugin so you will be disappointed when your password on the mysql client fails by default.
Here is how you reset the MySQL root password the proper and "working way"
#first we gracefully stop mysql
sudo systemctl stop mysql;
#then we forcefully kill any mysqld process just in case
sudo killall -9 mysqld mysqld_safe;........
mysql reset root password.
Oops I can't remember my MySQL root password!
[root@centos7test etc]# mysql -u root -p
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: YES)
First we need to stop mariadb:
systemctl stop mariadb
Now we need to restart it with skip-grant-tables whic........
The strange thing is that usually the first install or two will work on any new machine but then it suddenly won't. I had this experience on QEMU 2.13 on a different machine. There is something finicky or buggy about the CUCM installer even when choosing the same virtual hardware specs.
QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.1 (qemu-kvm-0.12.1.2-2.506.el6_10.1), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard
In Debian a lot of times SSH disables the root user to login by password by default. This means you will get an authentication failure as if you typed in the wrong password.
The logs also indicate the password is wrong but what is often the case is in the config file
cat /etc/ssh/sshd_config|grep -i permitrootlogin
Make sure it says:
If not change it and restart SSH........
Cisco's CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) is a system that combines voice, video, data and mobile products into a single unified management suite. At its core, the CUCMis like a "Super PBX" that controls the flow of all communications through an organization even single or multiple site deployments.
Cisco's CUCMmakes communication more effective and simple through centralized management and unification of communications resources.........
An error occurred during a connection to some-ip-or-domain. SSL peer reports incorrect Message Authentication Code. Error code: SSL_ERROR_BAD_MAC_ALERT
The page you are trying to view cannot be shown because the authenticity of the received data could not be verified.
Please contact the website owners to inform them of this problem.
Go to about:config........
#mount the VCSA DVD
mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd
#alternatively you could mount the iso directly
mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path
#for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux
#no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file
Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
Jul 3 22:12:17mailserver postfix/smtpd: fatal: no SASL authentication mechanisms
Jul 3 22:12:18mailserver postfix/master: warning: process /usr/libexec/postfix/smtpd pid 6195 exit status 1
Jul 3 22:12:18mailserver postfix/master: warning: /usr/libexec/postfix/smtpd: bad command startup -- throttling
This only ever happens in my experience when the authentication method is actually Dovecot. Usually the problem........
One simple way to keep your server public but almost impossible to hack via SSHis to disable password authentication over SSH. This means the only way in is via your own private key that only you should have.
Edit your /etc/ssh/sshd.conf file
Set this option
Restart your SSH server.
service sshd restart
error: Could not locate RPC credentials. No authentication cookie could be found, and no rpcpassword is set in the configuration file
This is usually because the .cookie file cannot be read by the user you are running Litecoin or Bitcoin client/daemon as.
You can adjust the permissions of the file so that the user or group they are apart of has read permissions.
First of all I got this error after accidentally messing up my usergroup by using usermod -G user group
When I would login using SSHkeys it would fail:
sshd: Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for directory /home/one
No worries, the fix is simple!
chmod g-w /home/use........
Just a note before you do this you should have a sure, guaranteed way into the system such as local, KVMor preferably publickey making bruteforce SSH absolutely impossible since there is no password to bruteforce and even if someone knew the password they wouldn't be able to login except from the local console (presumably you should make sure no one unauthorized has physical access).
1. Edit /etc/ssh/sshd_config
Find the section like this:........
This can be a case of bad permissions or modes as the error says. Normally one would assume permissions but often a script may change ownership of /root to something else.
This was the case half the time I've encountered this.
So in short make sure ownership is correct
chown -R root.root /root........
I do not understand why heartbeat would try to communicate with another system not considered part of the node:
heartbeat: : WARN: string2msg_ll: node [otherbox.com] failed authentication
yum -y install fail2ban
enabled = true
filter = asterisk
action = iptables-multiport[name=asterisk-tcp, port="5060,5061", protocol=tcp]
sendmail-whois[name=Asterisk, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org]
logpath = /var/log/asterisk/messages
OpenSSH_4.3p2, OpenSSL 0.9.8e-fips-rhel5 01 Jul 2008
debug1: Reading configuration data /etc/ssh/ssh_config
debug1: Applying options for *
debug1: Connecting to 192.168.1.253 [192.168.1.253] port 22.
debug1: Connection established.
debug1: permanently_set_uid: 0/0
debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/identity type -1
debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/id_rsa type 1
debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/id_d........
Here is a quick script that works on most Centos versions to disable the virus/SELinux from blocking basic functionality.
The first echo 0 statement disables SELinux instantly but it will still be enabled on reboot.
The second line disables it permanently.
#disable SELinux Immediately
echo 0 > /selinux/enforce
#disable SELinux Permanently
sed -i 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config........
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'contentmanager'@'localhost' (using password: YES)
For fun I thought I'd reset the password:
GRANT ALL ON thecontent.* TO contentmanager IDENTIFIED by 'dfdfsdfdsfsdfsd';
ERROR 1470 (HY000): String 'contentmanager' is too long for user name (should be no longer than 16)
This is ridiculous that this new version has some bizarre 16 character username limit and not only that but i........
debug1: An invalid name was supplied
Cannot determine realm for numeric host address
debug1: Local version string SSH-2.0-OpenSSH_4.3p2 Debian-9etch3
debug1: An invalid name was supplied
Cannot determine realm for numeric host address
debug1: An invalid name was supplied
A parameter was malformed
Solution, disable auth from the ssh client (this is a client side error)........
The normal solution would be as follows:
But what happens if that doesn't work? I haven't been able to find much documentation about how to find the list of displays and how their numbering works in Xorg.
Sometimes you'll get this error when trying to restart vino:
Cannot open display:
For some reason my display is not on 0.0........
sshd: Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for file /root/.ssh/authorized_keys
I made sure the entire .ssh subdir is owned by the user root (this is root's account);
chown -R root.root .ssh
chmod 600 .ssh/authorized_keys
but it still doesn't work and gives me the same message
sshd: Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for directory /root
chmod 700 /root........
This is a great way to use your ftp server space, for example on your web hosting account (althoughI believe many hosts don't allow storage like this), but if you have a VPS/Dedicated Server etc.., this would be perfect. Imagine how easy it is to work with an ftp account that you can just mount as a normal partition or directory in Linux, it would be great for backups etc..
curlftpfs - mount a ftp host as a local directory
This is a very simple solution, but most guides out there make you login twice (once to scp the key) and once to put the key in authorized_keys. There's no need for that.
If you don't already have a ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub just type "ssh-keygen -t rsa" and keep hitting enter until it's done :)
Just use this code to easily enable passwordless login with SSHD
key=`cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub`;ssh email@example.com "echo $key >> ~/.ssh/auth........
SSH Public Key Authentication (Login Without Passwords)I've gone over this before but just a quick note!
the "authorized_keys" file in ~/.ssh
must be chmodded to "600" or public key authentication won't work.
I guess it's kind of a security/failsafe feature that I've
seen on all Linux and Unix OS's........
MySQL Server 3.23 won't start after switching from 4.1I was using a 4.1 alpha version of mysql-server and some how version 3.23 of the client and 4.1 of the client were also both installed!
So I forced uninstalled everything because after trying and trying even though MySQL server was using the short 16byte password authentication I got some other errors.
After trying with the ports and having it fail because I had existing database data I force installe........
This happened with a select statement which writes the result to an external file. I didn't remember the privilege "FILE" must be granted on *.* for this to work successfully, it wasn't actually an authentication issue as it implies since I was already in the SQL prompt and doing the query.
INTO OUTFILE '/tmp/result.txt'........
Icouldn't understand why on one system it took a few minutes to get the SSHlogin prompt when connecting to other systems. The other systems all had the UseDNS parameter set to no, which almost always resolves the login prompt delay.
The reason is Ubuntu and perhaps Debian and other distributions /etc/nsswitch.conf file
Edit yours to have the "hosts" line like so (notice that files and dns are the primary resolution choice........
Server not using user level security and no password supplied.
tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_WRONG_PASSWORD
That happens when trying to use smbclient to connect to a share. The weird thing is that I can authnenticate just fine from Windows XP.
It is partially my mistake, I forgot this share does have a password. I've tried authenticating with the correct user and also with "Guest" because this works in Windows. In Linux I ........