This can be a real pain when automating things and you do an apt install and some packages ask a lot of questions.
Make sure you set this variable when running:
Remember as well that if chrooting you will want to run like this:
DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt install -y yourpackagename
If you get this error when trying to SSHto a device or machine and you never even got a password prompt:
Too many authentication failures
This means that either the remote side is configured for key auth only, OR your client side may be attempting to auth using mulitple keys, and that exceeds the amount of attempted authorizations on the remote ssh server.
If the issue is trying to auth too many times which ssh defaults to sending the keys to, you ca........
Linux Mint offers an easy and painless upgrade path through the last 3 versions, which means no more reinstalling to stay current with the latest version.
The only catch is that you need the latest of each version, so for 18, you need 18.3 before you can go to 19, and then 19.3 (or latest), until you go to 20. However, it's really a small price to pay and on the machines we've tested, the upgrade went seamlessly each time (although sometimes video drivers/custom kernel modules l........
The Best Docker Tutorial for Beginners
We quickly explain the basic Docker concepts and show you how to do the most common tasks from starting your first container, to making custom images, a Docker Swarm Cluster Tutorial, docker compose and Docker buildfiles.........
The key is that you need to know the passphrase to do it, if you don't know the password for the key then you can't remove the key since it cannot be decrypted.
ssh-keygen is the easiest method and openssl can be used to manually remove the key and output it to a new file, which you can then copy back over top of the encrypted file.
After that your public key authentication will work without any password prompt because it is no longer encrypted. Make sure you understand........
1. Let's work from an environment where we can install Ansible on.
If you are using an older version of Linux based on Mint 18 or Ubuntu 16, you may want to get the PPA and get the latest version of Ansible that way:
sudo apt install gpg
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ansible/ansible
sudo apt update........
First of all make sure that you don't have the write-lock or write-protect switch enabled on the SDCard or USB drive.
If the above is not the case, then follow these instructions:
Solution - Clear Read Only Attribute
Hit "Windows Key+R" and enter "cmd" to enter the command prompt:
Now type the following :........
Just edit your ~/.bashrc and add this at the very end:
Then your prompt will look like this:
08:47:14 up 48 min, 1 user, load average: 1.00, 1.07, 0.96
If you wanted a dollar sign at the end then you would change it like this:
It is common that you may get access to undocumented equipment and need to reset the password. This applies to many Cisco routers whether 2600, 2900, 3900 etc...
Cisco's Guide says to hit Ctrl +Pause/Break but if it doesn't work on some devices causing people to say "cisco password reset pause break does not work", you can see Cisco's alternative key combinations here:........
The way of doing it in mint is different than gnome and ubuntu.
gsettings set org.mate.background picture-filename /path/to/file.jpg
*If you try to use the gnome way it will NOT work with Linux Mint:
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background picture-uri /some/pic.jpg........
Oops did you get this error trying to install an oldschool driver and think it is hopeless in a new version of Windows?
First of all it is almost never a program compatibility issue:
Uh oh, so you're working on some super l33t code or other stuff that is super important and Linux Mint's MATE or Cinnamon window manager freezes. This means maybe you can move your mouse but you can't click anything, you can't Alt + Tab to another program but everything appears to be working other than that.
The first thing you would do is Ctrl + Alt + F1 (or whatever virtual terminal you want) and get into the Linux bash prompt (the black screen where things really happen :))........
Perhaps you've just seen this in the bash prompt:
Instead of the expected user@hostname#
It is probably because you are missing .bash_profile or .bashrc in your home directory
Check for yourself:
ls -al ~/|grep -E ".bash_profile|.bashrc"
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root&nbs........
For some reason, perhaps you don't want to run a daemon or let Letsencrypt have access to your production server.
There is a way to use it like a normal CSR/CA setup in manual mode.
./letsencrypt-auto certonly --manual -d realtechtalk.com - www.realtechtalk.com
Eventually you will get prompted to create a certain path and file with certain data:
Create a file containing just this data:
The key thing here is to know the actual partition that is encrypted.
Often in Linux Mint's installer that ends up being partition 5 or /dev/sda5
sudo cryptsetup luksOpen /dev/sda5 anynamehere
You will then be prompted for your irrecoverable passphrase:
Enter passphrase for /dev/sda5:
If all goes well it won't say anything further. If it says ""No key available with this passphr........
mytop is one of my favorite tools and it is fairly simple aside from a few caveats and issues that persist to this day.
To install it on Centos:
yum -y install centos
You can search for this bug and it seems like it may be related to ecryptfs and is many years old.
The symptoms are that you return to the computer and the screensaver was active or the screen was asleep/black and it doesn't seem to come back. But you check by SSH the computer is running fine and are frustrated you'll lose your running programs and have to reboot.
There is a simple solution:
Ctrl + Alt + F1
Ctrl +Alt + F8
In at least Ubuntu and Mint there is nothing intuitive about configuring Java.
Execute it to get to it:
You'll be able to configure different options and variables.
You can also check under Security as some of those settings could prevent applets from starting or prompting to........
Some of the cheaper or newer SSL suppliers will require this to work properly (otherwise you may be prompted that the cert is invalid when it's not the case but it will certainly scare off your users!).
In the Apache vhost conf for the domain here is what you add:
Here is a full example of an SSL Vhost config in Apache using a CA Certificate file
*Update so this doesn't work it must be something to do with the path of nfs or something else but the installer fails with "Installer crashed" at the end whereas with the CD/USB it works.
This assumes you've already installed and configured a separate PXE/DHCP server somewhere else and your /tftpboot directory is setup.
This is for Linux Mint 18.1 but generally applies to most versions although you may have tro change things like "casper"........
Iwill start by saying I think I know what caused this boot-time error on Linux Mint but should also apply to Debian and Ubuntu.
I changed my BIOS time to several hours in the past to match the current time, but this caused Linux to think there were incorrect filesystem times.
The problem is that it seems when you hit this I am not sure what is happening, it doesn't seem to be doing fsck and hangs without prompting the user.
What I have found is that........
This command in Debian/Ubuntu/Mint will get everything need installed for most Java based KVM viewers:
sudo apt install icedtea-netx
The following additional packages will be installed:
ca-certificates-java icedtea-netx-common openjdk-8-jre openjdk-8-jre-headless
It seems every other updated version of Java or Icedtea breaks things and I will save the frustration of Java for another post.........
How to Increase The Disk and Partition Size in Windows 2022,2019,11,10,8,7 etc.. Server
1, Enter the command prompt
Start -> cmd
2. Start diskpart
3. Find the drive that has the wrong size
4. Select the volume (in this example we use volume 2)
select volume 2
5. Extend the volume........
If the below is happening on KVM (a very weird and scary looking error) it's probably because of Windows. This has happened countless times to me where the bootsector on Windows 7/2008 becomes corrupted easily (even by a crash or shutdown).
KVM: unknown exit, hardware reason 0x80000021
kvm_run returned -22
rax 0000000000000010 rbx 0000000000000080 rcx 0000000000000000 rdx 0000000000000080
rsi 000000000025db2a rdi 000000000007db2a rsp 0000000000000200 rbp........
CPanel says you can access 98% of the functions through CLI which experienced Unix/Linux admins prefer for simplicity and for scripting. I've never found CPanel easy to use from the admin panel, it seems everything is hard to find and a simple task becomes a series of hunts.
So for people like me here's the list: http://cpanel.net/system-administrators/command-line-scrip........
htpasswd -b -c filename username "password"
-b = take the password that we specify in the command (don't prompt for it)
-c = create the filename
password=password (I use quotes because it breaks if you use special characters)........
At first it was configured as a RAID 0, then I deleted the Virtual Disk Group.
I thought both drives would be shown and detected in Linux as sda and sdb but it actually shows nothing.
To make them work you have to hit Ctrl+R before the system boots (when prompted) and create a Virtual Disk Group. In my case I created each one as RAID 0 (with a single drive only) as I just wanted JBOD but there is no such option or default in these Dell Pe........
mysql -u username --password='yourpassword' ........
Type that from the command prompt and you can choose, that's the only way you can do it whichI find a bit silly.........
This is something I often setup for clients because it's very helpful for people in datacenters, this allows custom OS installs on demand, you can customize it more by using kickstart etc.. but here's a base I use before customizing more:
This little script below will install everything you need to get booting by PXE Linux.
It also assumes you set a local IP (be sure not to overwrite your existing IP) on eth0:0 (note the :0) as 192.168.1.10 and it........
This seems to be common for some reason when trying to run Windows 7 under KVM and 7 has always had strange issues with KVM. What happens for me is after the install it simply won't boot, it stays on the POST screen and does nothing.
For some reason it appears the boot sector either doesn't get installed or gets corrupted with KVM.
The solution is to boot the install disc for Windows 7 and reinstall the windows MBR into the boot sector:
1. Boot t........
Type "about:config" in your browser and then search for "Quit"
Set these values to true
I couldn't figure out whyI couldn't install a simple package. This is what's annoying about cutting edge Debian distros, yes we know you support each license on average for 1-2 years but why take down the supporting binary packages and basically disable the older versions?
sudo apt-get install update
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
E: Couldn't find p........
This is an SFTP mount that does not work or prompt for password.
Error: DBus error org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.ServiceUnknown: The name :1.1127 was not provided by any .service files
Please select another viewer and try again.
It seems to me that the connection often times out after being opened and the application doesn't know how to handle the disconnection and doesn't realize it needs to kill the instance and restart the connection.........
This is a very simple solution, but most guides out there make you login twice (once to scp the key) and once to put the key in authorized_keys. There's no need for that.
If you don't already have a ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub just type "ssh-keygen -t rsa" and keep hitting enter until it's done :)
Just use this code to easily enable passwordless login with SSHD
key=`cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub`;ssh email@example.com "echo $key >> ~/.ssh/auth........
I'm not a fan of Asus and won't be buying another because of having to fight Asus over a bogus warranty denial (it's a long story but they only replied about how to RMA my unit weeks later on the EXACT day the warranty expired).
Anyway, it's just a matter of hitting F9 to do this, there's no need to worry about booting from USB or CD (unless of course you want a different OS eg. Windows XP Pro, Vista/7, or a flavor of Linux or Unix). Also remember that you need to fully/properl........
SSH automatic login without passwordlocal> ssh-keygen -t rsa -f .ssh/id_rsa
-t is the encryption type
-f tells where to store the public/private key pairs. In this case, the .ssh directory on home is being used
A password will be asked; leave this part blank, just pressing
Now, go the .ssh directory, and you will find two new files: id_dsa and id_dsa.pub. The last one is the public part. Now, copy the public key to the serv........
This happened with a select statement which writes the result to an external file. I didn't remember the privilege "FILE" must be granted on *.* for this to work successfully, it wasn't actually an authentication issue as it implies since I was already in the SQL prompt and doing the query.
INTO OUTFILE '/tmp/result.txt'........
Everyone says there is a "manual" way of doing it and then they tell you to use iTunes, but if you're like me, you're travelling on business in a foreign country and your laptop does not have iTunes and you don't have a way of getting it and/or don't want it.
For this example I'm using the provider "du" in Dubai, UAE (United Arab Emirates) but this method works for virtually all providers.
The requirements in this case to truly "manually update........
I've tried to find a good sensible solution to cluster with and each technology has it's pros and cons and there is no perfect solution and I've found a lot of "exaggerations" in the applications, benefits and performance of these different filesystems.
I first started off with DRBD and Ihave to say it does live up to the hype, is quite reliable (although it can be annoying to match up the kernel module and user applications since they must match and whe........
This is something that annoys a lot of people, fortunately the Redhat style OS's are the most simple in this respect. I disagree that Debian's way makes sense, it is more of a hackish approach in how they implement iptables.
Anyway, for those who are using Redhat/Centos style OS's it is very simple.
Set your rules from the shell/command prompt and to save the iptables firewall rules so they are remember/loaded on boot just run this command:
As much of a computer nerd as Iam, I'm usually a late adopter to technology for a few reasons. Ifeel most new hyped technologies and electronics are mainly fads, and I'm also cheap.
Adopting later means you avoid the bugs, kinks and most importantly pay the lowest price, that's me being cheap again :)
I never read much about the iPhone but Isaw all the hype around it and until recently I wasn't a big fan of anything Apple until a few years ago I realize........
Icouldn't understand why on one system it took a few minutes to get the SSHlogin prompt when connecting to other systems. The other systems all had the UseDNS parameter set to no, which almost always resolves the login prompt delay.
The reason is Ubuntu and perhaps Debian and other distributions /etc/nsswitch.conf file
Edit yours to have the "hosts" line like so (notice that files and dns are the primary resolution choice........
Server not using user level security and no password supplied.
tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_WRONG_PASSWORD
That happens when trying to use smbclient to connect to a share. The weird thing is that I can authnenticate just fine from Windows XP.
It is partially my mistake, I forgot this share does have a password. I've tried authenticating with the correct user and also with "Guest" because this works in Windows. In Linux I ........
This will give you the basic info needed to browse and connect to Samba shares from the command line. From the GUI of Gnome or KDE etc, it is pretty standard and straight forward. However, I've found very little guides on how to do it from the command line and if you're like me, a nerd who prefers command line for its simplicity and for remote use, this is the way to go.
First get a list of all the Samba/SMB shares on the target.
smbclient -L hostname........