/ - rtt - IT Resource

  • systemd management using systemctl and journalctl to check systemd logs


    systemd is like the service manager for your Centos and other modern Linux distributions (including Debian/Mint/Ubuntu) allows you to enable services, stop them, restart them, check their status and even reboot your system. The key commands or arguments you will use with systemctl are the following: Unit Commands:   list-units [PATTERN...]         List loaded units &nbs........
  • css how to format code in the code tag


    code {     background: #f4f4f4;     border: 1px solid #ddd;     border-left: 3px solid #f36d33;     color: #666;     page-break-inside: avoid;     font-family: monospace;     font-size: 15px;     line-height: 1.6;     margin-bottom: 1.6em;     max-width: 100%; &nb........
  • css br with extra blank line


    The problem I was having is that a css template I was using was causing br's to have an empty line in between which is very undesirable especially when displaying code. br {    display:none;    margin: 0px;    height: 0px; } Using CSS code like above will fix it.   You technically shouldn't need the margin or height either.........
  • Linux Permissions and Groups Real Usecase for Group Access


    I have a directory structure which the primary user needs full access on but wanted a user to access only a specific directory within the main directory (so they could write in there only and nowhere else). Here's what I did: [root@compevo8001 dllnow]# ls -alh drwxrwxr-x  2 someuser software  4.0K Oct 19  2017 ExpireYMD-2017-11-20 drwxrwxr-x  2 someuser software  4.0K Nov 19  2017 ExpireYMD-20........
  • pandoc convert markdown to html


    Where markdown=markdown language file and $output is your outputfile.html pandoc -f markdown $markdown -t html5 --toc --toc-depth=1 > $output  ........
  • MySQL change for Antelope format to Barracuda error solution


    Your database uses Antelope as the file format. Full UTF-8 support in MySQL and MariaDB requires the Barracuda file format. Please switch to the Barracuda file format. See the documentation MySQL full unicode support for details. In /etc/my.cnf under [mysqld]   180827 21:43:14 InnoDB: 5.5.59 started; log sequence number 1589339 180827 21:43:14 [ERROR] /usr/libexec/mysqld: unknown variable 'db_file_format=Ba........
  • VMWare ESXi 6.7 SSH/PowerShell CLI Commands


    [root@localhost:~] BootModuleConfig.sh          echo                         host-ind                     nfcd                   ........
  • Centos 7 - How To Install NFS and Mount Remotely


    1.) First install nfs-utils [root@bcitcourse ~]# yum -y install nfs-utils Loaded plugins: fastestmirror base                                                         &n........
  • wodim / cdrecord error cannot burn DVD or BDR .iso Errno: 5 (Input/output error), write_g1 scsi sendcmd: no error


     dvd+rw-mediainfo /dev/sr0 INQUIRY:                [ASUS    ][BW-16D1HT       ][3.00] GET [CURRENT] CONFIGURATION:  Mounted Media:         11h, DVD-R Sequential  Media ID:              RITEKF1  &n........
  • VMWare 6.7 VCSA VSphere ESXi Management SSO Install Guide on Linux using the CLI


    #mount the VCSA DVD mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd #alternatively you could mount the iso directly mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path #for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux cd /mnt/cd/vcsa-cli-installer/lin64 #no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file ./vcsa-deploy Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
  • Linux Mint Black Screen after boot no graphics solution


    This is not the normal "black screen" issue and I was shocked to eventually find out why.  The normal advice of reconfiguring Xorg didn't work.  Even booting into "Recovery Mode" did not help. Here is the short end of the stick that fixed it: sudo apt-get install mdm mate-desktop-environment Yes you got it right, mdm and the mate-desktop-environment / gnome were somehow uninstalled.  This must be whe........
  • Duplicate entry '2147483647' for key 'PRIMARY' MySQL Error Solution


    This usually happens when you are using something like an INT and try to insert a larger value than the maximum which is larger than "2147483647" On a practical term I have seen this and been guilty of this error when using scripts like PHP and generating large random numbers:   $hash = mt_rand(5,9999999999999); Obviously that many 9's are more digits than the maximum of an INT resulting in that error.  Change your code accord........
  • Mozilla Firefox Address Bar History Not Working places.sqlite corruption solution database repair


    Here is the only solution I found that works in Firefox: *Note you could basically just copy all of the commands in bold (the rest just shows the output)   Install sqlite3 sqlite3 places.sqlite sqlite> .clone places.sqlite-fixed moz_places... done moz_historyvisits... done moz_inputhistory..........
  • "Object of class WP_Term could not be converted to string"


    Normally when I've seen this it's when you are using a variable like a normal string when in fact it's actually an array such as this example:   [Tue Mar 13 04:22:35 2018] [error] PHP Catchable fatal error:  Object of class WP_Term could not be converted to string in /vhost/httpdocs/wp-content/plugins/wp-instagram-post/classes/class-woo-igp.php on line 578             &nbs........
  • Linux input/output error invalid program cannot read data on some CD-Rs and DVD-Rs on ASUS BW-16D1HT


    I've never seen this before in all of my years.  I have some very old CDs and DVDs 12-15 years old that seem not to work in this BD-R/DVD-R/CD-R Asus drive. The discs are fine actually and ironically they even work fine on a normal LG USB based BD-R drive! Here are the errors in Linux: [2914936.884924] attempt to access beyond end of device [2914936.884927] loop1: rw=0, want=730424, limit=688384 [2914954.556873] attempt to........
  • css responsive images


    add this style="background-size: contain;max-width: 100%; height: auto;" to your img code. Example: <img style='background-size: contain;max-width: 100%; height: auto;' sr........
  • M2Crypto.SSL.Checker.WrongHost: Peer certificate subjectAltName does not match host, expected fedora-archive.ip-connect.vn.ua, got DNS:mirror.ip-connect.vn.ua


    You are using Centos 5 which is deprecated so nothing in yum will work until you follow this post to use the vault: http://realtechtalk.com/Centos_59_Working_Vault_Repo_file-1921-articles yum update Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile  * epel: fedora-archive.ip-connect.vn.ua Traceback........
  • MySQL: table is marked as crashed solultion


    myisamchk can fix it But be careful and use the right options to avoid losing data.  In fact if you haven't you should make a backup or at least manually copy /var/lib/mysql. Replace "YourDB" with the name of your database Replace "yourcrashedtable" with the name of your crashed table. The -o option is the safest and should avoid dataloss whereas -r is more aggressive and is a last option (I have lost data using -r and........
  • Centos 5.9 Working Vault Repo file


    Centos 5 is not supported running yum will produce an error like this: YumRepo Error: All mirror URLs are not using ftp, http[s] or file.  Eg. Invalid release/ removing mirrorlist with no valid mirrors: /var/cache/yum/base/mirrorlist.txt Error: Cannot find a valid baseurl for repo: base Solution - Update this file CentOS-Base.repo   # CentOS-Base.repo........
  • ffmpeg how to watermark and concatenate in one command


    If you were in my boat you were frustrated that you had to double encode, eg. one separate encode for watermark and a separate from concat and it's not easy to figure out this with ffmpeg on your own.  However it is a nice way to save time! ffmpeg -i file1.mp4 -i file2.mp4 -i file3.mp4 -i watermark.png -filter_complex "[0:v]setpts=PTS-STARTPTS[v0]; [1:v]setpts=PTS-STARTPTS[v1]; [2:v]setpts=PTS-STARTPTS[v2]; [v0][0:a][v1][1:a][v2][2:a]concat=n=3:v=1:a=1[v][aout]; [v][3:........
  • ffmpeg Unable to Use Hardware Encoding with Nvidia 3.40 Driver and GT210 card


    I believe from what I've read that this card's driver doesn't support the features after trying all known troubleshooting methods. ffmpeg -i uservideoRendered.mp4 -filter:v hwupload_cuda,scale_npp=w=1920:h=1080:format=nv12:interp_algo=lanczos,hwdownload -c:v hevc_nvenc -profile main -preset slow -rc vbr_hq -c:a copy uservideoRendered.mp4-test ffmpeg -i uservideoRendered.mp4 -filter:v hwupload_cuda,scale_npp=w=1920:h=1080:format=nv12:interp_algo=lanczos,hwdownload........
  • Centos 7 Cudaminer Nvidia setup guide


    I am using a GTX 1060 but replace the download for the driver with the correct/current version for your particular card by visiting: http://www.nvidia.com/Download/index.aspx?lang=en-us   yum install automake curl openssl-devel libcurl-devel gcc gcc-c++ yum -y install kernel-devel-`uname -r` yum -y install unzip #the........
  • USB Device/MP3 Player not working properly and can't browse the device filesystem? Check the cable twice and again!


    Here is a simple MP3 player and now there's a reason to understand why the supplied cable has some kind of capacitor and is very short.  These devices can be VERY finicky and any voltage fluctuation or difference is enough to cause issues.   Take for example the error messages from Linux Mint: [804829.895414] usb 1-1: USB disconnect, device number 11 [806961.109030] usb 1-1: new high-speed USB device number 12 using xhci_hcd........
  • use ffmpeg to watermark videos if mencoder/bmovl fail


    If you have this problem: http://realtechtalk.com/mencoder_bmovl_error_vf_bmovl_Unknown_command_Ignoring_-1860-articles Then ffmpeg is for you.  Go here if you are using Linux Mint and cannot find or install it to use an external PPA........
  • mencoder bmovl error vf_bmovl: Unknown command: ''. Ignoring.


    Based on this tutorial: http://www.linuxjournal.com/content/overlay-images-video-using-mplayer-and-mencoder mencoder -oac pcm -ovc raw -vf bmovl=0:0:tfifo -o $output $file vf_bmovl: Unknown command: ''. Ignoring.  ........
  • css .ul and .li how to remove the identation padding/margin from list items?


    A common mistake is people think you should tell the li padding to be 0px but this is wrong. All you need is the following code in line: <ul style="margin:0px"> <li>your item</li> <li>your item</li> </ul> In a css class: .yourclass { ul.margin: 0px;........
  • DRBD Split-brain solution


    Uh oh [17925926.174277] block drbd0: Handshake successful: Agreed network protocol version 96 [17925926.174325] block drbd0: conn( WFConnection -> WFReportParams ) [17925926.174342] block drbd0: Starting asender thread (from drbd0_receiver [1682]) [17925926.174432] block drbd0: data-integrity-alg: <not-used> [17925926.174581] block drbd0: drbd_sync_handshake: [17925926.174586] block drbd0: self 2AAE66AF9252D6DB:2815BF........
  • MySQL [ERROR] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Table './eximstats/sends' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed solution


    You are checking your MySQL logs in /var/log/mysqld.log and come across an error like this: 161222 18:03:40 [ERROR] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Table './eximstats/sends' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed   The Solution: cd /var/lib/mysql/eximstats myisamchk -r sends.MYI - recovering (with sort) MyISAM-table 'sends.MYI' Data records: 71129........
  • Linux How To Recover Partition Table from Kernel and Restore Centos/Debian etc..


    We've all done this at some point, you work on the wrong shell window and this was my first time making this mistake but I deleted a partition table in fdisk, recreated it and saved it with "wq" and even ran partprobe!  If you haven't rebooted yet then you can still recover your partition table, otherwise you're in big trouble. Fortunately since it was a live system and in use the kernel still had to use the old table like below:........
  • Linux Mint/Ubuntu/Debian Window Controls Missing Solution


    If Linux Mint 17 or other has no window buttons/controls you can do the following from terminal: marco --replace& Sometimes it can be fixed if you go to your themes/appearance and choose a new one but in the case like mine where Compiz is installed but not running/working then that fix will not work and will require the marco command above. What if you can't type in a terminal Window? If you close........
  • Linux Mint/Ubuntu/Debian Dual NICs networks problem when enabling and disabling one device


    The Scenario You have dual NICs and you disable NIC1 which uses 192.168.1.1 as its gateway.  With NIC2 you enable it/connect it to another network which also has the gateway 192.168.1.1 Everything will work fine at this point. When switching back to NIC1 even with NIC2 disabled and even unplugged, the OS basically can't pick up the new/updated ARP entry of the old device for 192.168.1.1 and perhaps thinks it is a security risk or spoof of some sorts and blocks i........
  • Centos installing grub problems suspect gpt problem


    grub> root (hd0,0) root (hd0,0)  Filesystem type is ext2fs, partition type 0xfd grub> setup (hd0) setup (hd0) But if you do: root (hd1,0) setup (hd1) it does work, I think hd0/sda had a GPT partition that was not removed properly (what I did was just dd bs=512 count=1 the partition table from another drive since the partition table should be identical).  Checking if "/boot/grub/........
  • bash script Get Model and Serial Number of All Hard Disks in Server on Linux


    for disk in `fdisk -l|grep "Disk /dev"|awk '{print $2}'|sed s/://g`; do echo "$disk" && smartctl -d ata -a "$disk" -T permissive|grep -iE 'Device Model:|Serial Number:' echo "---------------" done *Make sure you have smartctl from smartmon tools installed   Sample output: /dev/sdc Device Model:   ........
  • Centos 6 how to guide convert LVM non-RAID into mdadm 1/10 RAID array live without reinstalling


    Here is the scenario you or a client have a remote machine that was installed as a standard/default minimal Centos 6.x machine on a single disk with LVM for whatever reason.  Often many people do not know how to install it to a RAID array so it is common to have this problem and why reinstall if you don't need to?  In some cases on a remote system you can't easily reinstall without physical or KVM access. So in this case you add a second physical or disk or already ha........
  • openvz yum problem Centos 6.5 cannot find file on mirror:


    #solution Edit /etc/yum.repos.d/openvz.repo For the first two entries comment out #mirrorlist and uncomment #baseurl and then it worked openvz yum problem Centos 6.5 cannot find file on mirror: yum update Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Determining fastest mirrors  * openvz-kernel-rhel6: mirrors.ustc.edu.cn  * openvz-utils: mirrors.ustc.edu.cn base      ........
  • Samsung Galaxy Note Upgrade/Update Experience from 4.0.4 with aftermarket ROMs


    It really seems that 4.4.4 is not ready or stable for the i717 yet and this makes sense since it takes a lot of work/development and testing to get the factory stock ROMs working well.  In the end I used the 4.1.2 based Blackstra BlackJelly because it was fast, stable and just works and feels great.  The aftermarket support is great but many devs are focussed on adding features and customization that most of us don't want or need rather than getting things smooth and stable.........
  • drbd won't sync 8.3.13 on OpenVZ kernel


    <p>I used the matching 8.3.13 utilities and it didn't work but strangely the newer 8.3.16 which makes DRBD complain works just fine.</p> <p>GIT-hash: 83ca112086600faacab2f157bc5a9324f7bd7f77 build by root@sighted, 2012-10-09 12:47:51<br /> &nbsp;0: cs:SyncSource ro:Secondary/Primary ds:UpToDate/Inconsistent A r-----<br /> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ns:0 nr:0 dw:0 dr:0 al:0 bm:0 lo:0 pe:0 ua:0 ap:0 ep:1 wo:b oos:5236960<br /> &nbsp;&nbsp;&am........
  • yum error "Error: database disk image is malformed" solution


    yum -y install mathtools Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile  * base: centos.mirror.rafal.ca  * epel: mirror.steadfast.net  * extras: mirror.agmn.ca  * rpmforge: repoforge.mirror.constant.com  * updates: centosb5.centos.org extras                         ........
  • drbd howto solve splitbrain or WFConnection


    On primary node drbdadm connect all On secondary node drbdadm -- --discard-my-data connect all  ........
  • How to view GPT/EFI Windows Partition Table


    fdisk unfortunately can't do this and I'm not sure if there's any updated version that handles it but parted can do it. Here's an example of how to do it: parted /dev/sda print 1 17.4kB 1024MB 1024MB ntfs primary 2 1024MB 16144MB 15120MB ntfs primary /dev/sda1 would be the first partiton /dev/sda2 would be the second partition You can then just access them like any other normal partition.........
  • Openvz OOM Centos Issue Memory Config Settings Solution


    Linux box13. 2.6.32-042stab076.5 #1 SMP Mon Mar 18 20:41:34 MSK 2013 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux even setting privvmpages to a specific setting DOES not affect "free -m" in containers. This is probably a kernel issue  23:36:29 up 159 days,  7:12,  4 users,  load average: 0.42, 0.44, 0.33 [root@box13 ~]# free -m              total  &n........
  • Unixbench Testing


    The first is a dual CPU AMD Opteron 2373EE (4 cores x 2) and I think it did bad because it has some old 250GB SATAs which can only do about 65 MB/s max sequential reads.  I think it should have blown away the second (AMD X4 640 Quad Core).   [root@fs12home unixbench-4.1.0-wht-2]# ./Run make all make[1]: Entering directory `/root/unixbench-4.1.0-wht-2' Checking distribution of files ./pgms  exists ./src  exists........
  • MySQL Allows blank user with no password to login


    I just realized I have some blank users which I deleted but I can still login to this dummy account without a password for some reason.   mysql -u -p Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or g. Your MySQL connection id is 5 Server version: 5.1.69 Source distribution Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation an........
  • Dell Perc 6/i SATA benchmarks without battery


    The results are not bad, the Hitachi performs the same as it does in a SATA2 motherboard.  However, the 2TB is much different, on a similar 2TB Toshiba I get about 198MB/s on a different motherboard vs the 2TB Hitachi which should produce similar results. This Dell Perc 6/i is on a PCI x8 riser card and is connected to a 12-port backplane. Adapter #0     Enclosure Device ID: 32 Slot Number: 0 Enclosure position: N/A De........
  • Dell Perc 6/i cannot downgrade


    I flashed an LSI Logic firmware to it and it broke the BIOS (cannot do Ctrl+R) for booting purposes but allows other functionality to work normally. I tried downgrading to a Dell firmware for Perc 6i but it won't work, not even with MegaCli wget http://downloads.dell.com/FOLDER00416606M/1/SAS-RAID_Firmware_W83M2_LN32_6.3.1-0003_A14.BIN --2013-08-26 12:53:39--  http://downloads.dell.com/FOLDER00416606M/1/SAS-RAID_Firmware_W83M2_LN32_6.3.1-0003_A14.BIN Resolvi........
  • pxe-32 tftp open timeout


    pxe-32 tftp open timeout   The solution was to enable tftp in xinetd with "chkconfig tftp on". See the troubleshooting below:   chkconfig --list NetworkManager     0:off    1:off    2:off    3:off    4:off    5:off    6:off acpid              0:off&n........
  • openoffice calc printing extra blank pages


    Make sure that the Page mode is set to landscape and that the columns fall within the margins/boundaries, otherwise this is why there will be blank pages (Print Preview will show you this too).........
  • openoffice calc landscape printing problem


    openoffice calc landscape printing problem OpenOffice.org 3.2.1 OOO320m19 (Build:9505) ooo-build 3.2.1.4, Ubuntu package 1:3.2.1-7ubuntu1. It's not extending the printing and margins all the way to the edge even when setting the Page and print settings to Landscape Solution (incorrect margins set under Page): *Check the margins, my right margin was like 14cm!........
  • WD 20EARX Dead Again


    Another new drive bad from the start:   Jun  2 15:14:18 one-desktop kernel: [15895.386779] ata2.00: exception Emask 0x50 SAct 0x1 SErr 0x280900 action 0x6 frozen Jun  2 15:14:18 one-desktop kernel: [15895.386782] ata2.00: irq_stat 0x08000000, interface fatal error Jun  2 15:14:18 one-desktop kernel: [15895.386784] ata2: SError: { UnrecovData HostInt 10B8B BadCRC } Jun  2 15:14:18 one-desktop kernel: [15895.386788] ata2.00: cmd 60/0........
  • WD 20EARX 2TB Bad within days


    This is just trying to read 5GB off the drive with dd and the drive initially tested ok but shortly after I wondered why I was seeing 2MB/s read speeds.  Notice the "current_pending_sector", anytime I've seen it at anything above 0 even with no other bad fields/attributes, it means the drive is bad. ata1.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x3 SErr 0x0 action 0x0 ata1.00: irq_stat 0x40000008 ata1.00: failed command: READ FPDMA QUEUED ata1.00: cmd 60/00:00:........
  • Country List Names in HTML Select From


    This is useful for developing a lot of applications, I'm putting it here to keep it handy for myself and hopefully others:   <select name='country'><option value=Choose>Choose Country</option><option value=CA>Canada</option><option value=JP>Japan</option><option value=US>United States</option><option value=GB>United Kingdom</option><option value=AF>Afghanistan</option><option value=AL&........
  • SMARTCTL Enable SMART on Device Solution for Error "Device does not support SMART Error Counter logging not supported"


    smartctl -a /dev/sda smartctl version 5.36 [i686-pc-linux-gnu] Copyright (C) 2002-6 Bruce Allen Home page is http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/ Device: ATA      WDC WD1600YS-01S Version: 20.0 Serial number:      WD-WCAP03024940 Device type: disk Local Time is: Mon Apr 29 21:40:07 2013 PDT Device does not support SMART Error Counter logging not supported........
  • Directadmin error/** Found 7 pre-existing rpmdb problem(s), 'yum check' output follows: e2fsprogs-devel-1.41.12-3.el6.i686 has missing requires of e2fsprogs-libs = ('0', '1.41.12', '3.el6') e2fsprogs-devel-1.41.12-3.el6.i686 has missing requires of l


    Solution To The Following: yum -y install zlib-devel yum -y install e2fsprogs* *** Cannot find /usr/include/et/com_err.h.  (yum install libcom_err-devel) *** Installation didn't pass, halting install. Once requirements are met, run the following to continue the install:   cd /usr/local/directadmin/scripts   ./install.sh Common pre-install commands:  http://help.directadmin.com/it........
  • Bad Hard Drive Slows Down Computer


    Here's a proven example of what a bad hard drive can do, it was technically functioning OK in a RAID array but the system became extremely low and the load become high and IOWAIT was even higher and I always thought it was a bad application.  The truth is that this failing 1TB Hitachi has slowly gotten worse and caused huge slowdowns, (eg. 100% load on Thunderbird waiting for e-mails to load etc..).  After swapping it out, tabs change instantly, emails are not lagged, and........
  • Hitachi Serial Numbers for Hard Drives without seeing the physical drive


    Here's what SMART tells me the serial number is: === START OF INFORMATION SECTION === Device Model:     Hitachi HDS721010CLA332 Serial Number:    JP2940HQ3ZY7KH Firmware Version: JP4OA3EA User Capacity:    1,000,204,886,016 bytes Device is:        Not in smartctl database [for details use: -P showall] ATA Version is:   8 ATA Standard is:&nb........
  • Howto Copy/Backup/Restore All Firefox Settings/Preferences/Addons/Bookmarks to another computer/desktop


    I've used rsync again for this because I found it very simple, I've only excluded the Cache directory since it's not necessary and could be several GB in size. rsync -Phaz --exclude=Cache/* user@remotehost.com:/home/user/.mozilla/firefox/profile.default/* /home/user/.mozilla/firefox/ec1n9opl.default/ This is a great way once again to get going how you were on the old/remote computer fairly quickly.  It even restores all of your history in........
  • mdadm: /dev/sdb1 not large enough to join array solution


    mdadm --manage /dev/md1 --add /dev/sdb1 mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored. mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored. mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored. mdadm: /dev/sdb1 not large enough to join array md1's first primary member /dev/sda3 has 57394 cylinders while the /dev/sdb1 has 57393 (1 less cylinder) which is why it won't work.  fdisk -l /dev/sda3 Disk /dev/sda3: 47........
  • How to mount/access a single partition from dd image with Linux


     parted sdc.img GNU Parted 1.8.8 Using /home/one/sdc.img Welcome to GNU Parted! Type 'help' to view a list of commands. (parted) unit                                                  &nb........
  • xen how to resize an image properly


    The best way I could figure out is to use another guest of some sort to do this, while assigning the disk that needs to be resized to the same guest. So say we have /dev/xvda as the guests drive and we've booted it up. We also have /dev/xvdb (this is going to be the image/disk to be resized). In this case it's based on an ext3/4 image. Run e2fsck on it to ensure there are no filesystem errors. e2fsck /dev/xvdb........
  • Xen how to mount disk images off-line and access data


    fdisk -lu VPS.img last_lba(): I don't know how to handle files with mode 81ed You must set cylinders. You can do this from the extra functions menu. Disk VPS.img: 0 MB, 0 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 0 cylinders, total 0 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes      Device Boot      Start         End   ........
  • mdadm/Debian problem


    This is one in a series of weird things which I thought was motherboard related (I RMA'd the motherboard), the RAM tests fine with memtest86 and I used badblocks on both RAID 1 members with no errors and smartctl is happy with them. Basically the array crashes the kernel a lot and has issues when writing.   [112322.723465] md0: rw=0, want=14958668696, limit=1887460480 [112322.731077] attempt to access beyond end of device [112322.731087] md........
  • How to view UDP and other protocol connections?


    netstat is weak and can't show udp connections and most other protocols, use "ss" which is what netstat should have been: The "-u" switch stands for udp, here's a list of other options: Usage: ss [ OPTIONS ]        ss [ OPTIONS ] [ FILTER ]    -h, --help        this message    -V, --version    output ver........
  • How To Test If Your Hard Drive Is Good/Signs of dying hard drive


    I like dd, although it only reads it, usually a read test of the entire disk will uncover if your hard drive is bad in some parts.  This is a good thing to do at least once a month, a lot of times bizarre program behavior, laginess and crashing/unnmounting problems etc.. are due to a failing disc and SMART won't know it or indicate a problem: We must also remember there's never a guarantee, I've found that ever since we moved to larger and more platters per drive with 1TB drives........
  • smart is not smart, it thinks a dead drive is still good


    I had a dying drive that smart thought until it totally disappeared was a good drive, and actually all parameters did look fine but this system was causing my system to lockup and other bad behavior:   === START OF INFORMATION SECTION === Device Model:     WDC WD20EARS-00MVWB0 Serial Number:    WD-WMAZ20139 Firmware Version: 50.0AB50 User Capacity:    2,000,398,934,016 bytes Device........
  • Openvz YUM Error Solution to "[Errno -1] Metadata file does not match checksum Trying other mirror."


    It's weird because I have a nearly identical box and setup and I can update the ovzkernel-PAE* just fine but on this box it doesn't work. I only get this error with the openvz.repo and not others such as Centos-Base.repo With my other server it works normally: ================ Setting up Update Process Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package ovzkernel-PAE.i686 0:2.6.18-238.12.1.el5.0........
  • Hitachi 2TB HDS5C3020ALA632 drive DOA


    I had one of these shipped and it was not recognized when plugged in, here's what a dead drive looks like (I assume it's teh circuit board which is dead):   ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0) ata1: softreset failed (device not ready) ata1: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300) ata1: link online but device misclassified, retrying ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0) ata1: softreset f........
  • How to recover from dead DRBD partition/hard drive in two simple commands


    This assumes that you've at least created the correct partition for your DRBD already. Notice that I am "diskless", that's because either your DRBD partition doesn't exist/has been renamed (eg. sdb becomes sda when sdb dies and you reboot) or because that drive is really actually dead/gone. *If you need to permanently change the partition/device for your resource be sure to edit /etc/drbd.conf on both hosts and reload the config. (replace r0 with........
  • List of Free Public DNS Servers IP Addresses


    One thing to note about DNS servers and providers is that they aren't always trustworthy, not even if they're Google or your favorite ISP.  Any DNS server can compromise your privacy, and they are likely tracking your browsing habits and keeping logs of it.  Sometimes it's for Marketing/Research purposes such as Google's GMail service which they admit is scraped/datamined.  I would expect nothing less from their DNS service. The other danger with such widely used and pu........
  • vnstat setup guide/tutorial


    yum -y install vnstat chown nobody.nobody -R /var/lib/vnstat/ #replace venet0 below with your desired interface sudo -u nobody vnstat -u -i venet0 #edit: vi /etc/sysconfig/vnstat #VNSTAT_OPTIONS="-i venet0" # only use the sed below if you are using venet0 instead of eth0 or replace accordingly sed -i 's/eth0/venet0/g' /etc/sysconfig/vnstat   [root@monitor]# yum install vn........
  • SMARTCTL additional SMART command testing using short and long tests


    smartctl -t long /dev/sda (note you can specify short, but it's not as thorough as long of course). smartctl version 5.38 [i686-pc-linux-gnu] Copyright (C) 2002-8 Bruce Allen Home page is http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/ === START OF OFFLINE IMMEDIATE AND SELF-TEST SECTION === Sending command: "Execute SMART Extended self-test routine immediately in off-line mode". Drive command "Execute SMART Extended sel........
  • monit example tutorial how to enable status checking and manipulation


    You need to enable the httpd daemon with monit to actually view the status and control, it's not only for the web interface since the httpd is the ONLY way of controlling monit and viewing the status. monit monitor all will also reinstate disabled services if they've timed out too much.  Just restarting the service will do nothing to re-monitor a service that monit has stopped monitoring due to too many failures. *Also note that /etc/monit.conf i........
  • Yahoo Mail (email) DNS Server Out Of Date Problems


    I don't expect this to be solved soon but some of Yahoo's DNS servers are out of whack.  I changed the IPs of some nameservers of some domains and now most Yahoo users can't e-mail to those domains! As you can see below by the "No MX or A records for mychangedomain.com", now Yahoo's DNS/mailserver DNS cache is wrong.  You would think they would at least have cached the old incorrect records, but instead for some reason their DNS cache has no entry and doesn't seem........
  • Linux High IOWAIT updatedb can't be killed and crash with mdadm


    high IO wait   424 root      39  19  1900  848  552 D  0.0  0.0   0:00.91 updatedb root       424  0.0  0.0   1900   848 ?        DN   Mar11   0:00 /usr/bin/updatedb -f sysfs?rootfs?bdev?proc?cpuset?binfmt_misc?debugfs?sockfs?usbfs?pipefs?anon_inodefs?futexfs?tmpfs?inotifyfs?eventp........
  • Amarok won't play songs, keeps skipping to the next


    Amarok won't play songs, keeps skipping to the next Some say install install phonon-backend-xine but it was already installed automatically, obviously that's not the problem or solution. Settings -> Configure Amarok Playback: Configure Phonon Audio Output: Music It should show your different audio interfaces, choose Pulse Audio and move it to the top of the list, do the Apply, OK and manually quit Amarok (remember to close it from the tra........
  • Walmart.ca & Ubuntu Caused Xorg 100% CPU usage


    I can't tell if it's Flash or Javascript that they were using, but it basically caused my sysetm to lockup until I closed that one page.  Is this proof enough that Wal-mart is evil? :) I've never seen that before, it's weird how certain things mask themselves as high CPU usage with Xorg, unless it is some kind of weird Xorg problem but I believe it's more of a Flash/Javascript issue from Firefox in Wal-mart's evil scripting.........
  • mdadm/md-check how to check array integrity without rebuilding


    This doesn't seem to be widely known (maybe it's in some documentation that none of us read though) but there's an easy way to check the integrity of any mdadm array: sudo echo check > /sys/block/md0/md/sync_action -bash: /sys/block/md0/md/sync_action: Permission denied sudo will never work, this only works as root since echo is not actually a binary/command.  It is built-into bash. /sys/devices/virtu........
  • vmare server - Cannot open the disk '/mnt/sda4/vmware/Debian/hdd.vmdk' or one of the snapshot disks it depends on. Reason: Failed to lock the file.


    Go into the directory for your Virtual Machine and delete all ".lck" directories. rm -rf *.lck After that your server should boot.........
  • Ubuntu/Debian DRBD 8.0 Setup Guide


    I've only used it on Centos, so I thought I'd make a quick Debian guide: Install the DRBD Package apt-get install drbd8-utils Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree       Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:   libswfdec-0.8-0 Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them. The following........
  • yum in Centos 5/Xen halts and exits suddenly


    yum exits in the middle The problem is this VPS seems to be an OpenVZ template from HyperVM.  The only way to make it work was to disable i386 packages since this was an x64 kernel.  That shouldn't be necessary but it was the only way to make yum stop quitting after the first package or two.  I couldn't find any issue by checking the logs either. echo y|yum install vim-minimal telnet expect jwhois net-tools slocate iptables elinks gawk L........
  • WD EARS/Green 2TB Cannot Disable Power Saving/Head Parking with hdparm


    hdparm -B 255 /dev/sdb /dev/sdb:  setting Advanced Power Management level to disabled  HDIO_DRIVE_CMD failed: Input/output error   The one thing you can do though is to set hdparm spindown time lower (it doesn't seem to work that well).  -S   set standby (spindown) timeout   hdparm -S 251 /dev/sda /dev/sda:  setti........
  • mdadm RAID 1 adventures


    I separated the 2 drives in the RAID 1 array. 1 is the old one /dev/sda and is out of date, while the separated other one /dev/sdc was in another drive and mounted and used with more data (updated). I wonder how mdadm will handle this: usb-storage: device scan complete md: md127 stopped. md: bind<sda3> md: md127: raid array is not clean -- starting background reconstruction raid1: raid set md127 active with 1 out of 2 m........
  • WD (Western Digital) Advanced Format Drive Lagged/Slow Speed/Performance/Design Flaw EAD/EARS problem WDC WD20EARS-00S8B1


    Let the numbers speak for themselves, from what I read the Load_Cycle_Count which is very high (more than 500,000/half a million times) is the number of head parks.  What a stupid "Green" design and design flaw which will probably mean an early life for the drive. This is almost as silly as Seagate's new reputation for BSY/poor quality disks since the 7200.11 series. To make it worse this is also when Western Digital introduced "Advanced Format" o........
  • DRBD WFConnection Problem/Solution


    This has stumped me  a few times because I keep forgetting that Centos 5.5 comes with a default iptables configuration that ends up blocking DRBD traffic, I tried all the normal things and couldn't understand why I couldn't make my normal DRBD config work.  So if you have WFConnection problems and have tried the normal "mailing list" fixes, check your firewall status first! Both Nodes Say the Following: version: 8.3.8 (api:88/prot........
  • Ubuntu 10.04 Linux is still not ready for the Desktop world


    I am a huge fan of Linux and the idea of OpenSource but I've said it many times, there are still hurdles in today in 2010 for Linux as a Desktop.  Linux is still intended for servers at its very core.  This can be changed succesfully though, as Apple has shown us with Mac OS X based on FreeBSD. Half of the issue is lack of driver support and the other half is the Linux Kernel and Window Manages, KDE and GNome still both don't cut it (but they're getting closer). I'll........
  • How to Enable SMART on a device


    smartctl -a -d ata -T permissive --smart=on /dev/sda -d ata is usually required for most SATA drives or you get an error. -T permissive is required if it's the first time you are running SMART on this device (it's not enough just to enable SMART in the BIOS) --smart=on is also required for the first time........
  • Install Mac OS X 10.4.6 Tiger on AMD32 VMWare


    *Note OS X is strange to install, I thought my HDD was not being detected by you just have to go to Diskutil and create a partition for the root filesystem and then close/move the Window and proceed with the install. After install Mac OS X 10.4.6 Tiger I get a black screen that says: b0 error Most people say the partition has to be marked as "active", actually that just means marked as "bootable".  Instead of t........
  • How To Set DHCP/Static IP Address in Centos/RHEL/Fedora & Debian/Ubuntu/Kubuntu/MEPIS Set DHCP/Static IP Address


    Basically the two main types of distros are Debian and RHEL/Centos based.  I'm just going to give a quick overview of how the configuration of IP interfaces works in Debian/Centos based distros. *Just one thing to remember, when setting IPs statically you have to manually specify a DNS server in /etc/resolv.conf (since DHCP is what normally does it automatically) Debian/Ubuntu/Kubuntu/MEPIS The IP (DHCP &........
  • Unixbench Score on Core i5 750 with OpenVZ Kernel vs Xen/Openvz


    This was unbelievable how much the Xen kernel slows things down, keep in mind both tests were done on the hostnode, one was with the Openvz-Xen hybrid kernel and the other was just OpenVZ.  You can see the performance difference is nearly 300% better when not using the Xen kernel. OpenVZ-Xen Kernel Test Results (I was wondering what was wrong/so slow with my Core i5!)    #    #  #    #  #  #  &n........
  • Windows install blue screen of death caused by faulty optical/DVD-RW drive.


    I took an educated guess because it kept happening at the same spot when loading the XP install.  I thought it was the hard drive or motherboard. But it turns out my heavily used but loved NEC 3500 DVD-RW drive was the culprit.  After disconnecting it and swapping it for another much beloved Pioneer DVD-RW, everything has gone smoothly. I never ran into this or many issues because I've hardly used this drive since moving it to another Desktop years ago.  I actua........
  • Seagate Drive 500GB Drive Dying


    This drive is clearly on the way out, the Kernel knows it but I'm surprised that SMART is not concerned.  I didn't blame Seagate for their past issues until now.  This hard drive has hardly been used and has not even been powered on for a year according to SMART. Home page is http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/ === START OF INFORMATION SECTION === Model Family:     Seagate Barracuda 7200.11 Device........
  • Seagate 7200.11 firmware defect in 500GB, 1000GB (1TB) and 1500GB (1.5TB) Hard Drives


    Seagate Inventory/Firmware Check I heard about this issue a long time ago but never looked into it.  I figured I wasn't affected since my 500GB drives were running for so long.  I've been using Seagate's since 2002 and to this day all of the drives I have are alive from Seagate. *Update the bad news is that I realize one of my 500GB's is about to die, it's not even a year old, but is also not affected by the recall according to Seagate! Seagate Inventory/Firm........
  • Linux EXT3 16GB-17GB maximum filesize issue solved/how to fix


    I have no idea why but mkfs.ext3 defaults to a patheticlly small blocksize of 1024 bytes/1KB (kilobyte).  That means the maximum filesize is ONLY 16GB!  With 2KB/2048 bytes you get a 256 GB maximum filesize, and with 4KB/4096 bytes you get 2TB! I finally noticed/paid attention to this after realizing that with rsync and scp that no file larger than 17GB could be transferred.  I then realized it must be a file size limit on the partition. Here is what tune2fs tol........
  • Picking an FTPD (vsftpd) Server in Linux Centos/Debian


    I decided on using yum to help me decide even though I normaly use proftpd I decided to see what else I could find. yum search ftp Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile  * rpmforge: ftp-stud.fht-esslingen.de  * base: mirrors.netdna.com  * updates: updates.interworx.info  * addons: yum.singlehop.com  * extras: mirrors.netdna.com rpmforge   ........
  • Compaq V2405CA Laptop - Unixbench Performance Test


    Here are the results, it is Sempron 3000+ AMD Mobile, 500Gig HDD, 512MB RAM with shared ATI Radeon graphics.      #    #  #    #  #  #    #          #####   ######  #    #   ####   #    #    #    #  ##   #  #   #  #&nb........
  • GRUB Boot FreeBSD


    GRUB Boot FreeBSD[code:1:a7050277b7]title FreeBSD 6.0 root (hd0,2,a) kernel /boot/loader[/code:1:a7050277b7] Just insert the above code into GRUB's [b:a7050277b7]menu.lst[/b:a7050277b7] and make sure you set the root path correctly. [quote:a7050277b7]Let's quickly explain what the root (hd0,2,a) means: *hd0 stands for the primary master drive *2 stands for partition 3 *a stands for the........
  • Great sound tutorial


    Great sound tutorialThis is great if you need users to be able to start/stop playing sound on your page with the click of a button. http://www.smartwebby.com/Flash/sound_button.aspHere's a simple one except that it doesn't do rollovers. http://www.flash-here.com/tutorials/flash_play_sound.html I actually could not get the rollovers to work using the other tutorial so it is either a mistake on the webmaster's part or........
  • Roxio Easy Media Creator "Could not complete last comma


    Roxio Easy Media Creator "Could not complete last comma[b:2e4e25672a]"Could not complete the last command because: Unknown error"[/b:2e4e25672a] When I try to burn an .iso image by double clicking it and allowing Roxio to open up "Disc Copier" I get a bunch of those messages. It's annoying and not really awe inspiring!........
  • DVD Burners and Media at an all time low


    DVD Burners and Media at an all time lowThis is crazy you can buy a nice Pioneer DVD burner for like $64 CAD now and good media like 50PC Maxell is just $25.97 at Walmart. I'm liking this. Time to make double archives of important data :)........
  • Intel's Finnish Fetish


    Intel's Finnish FetishIntel's Finnish Fetish By Dave Mock June 13, 2005 Chipmaker Intel (NASDAQ: INTC) has successfully topped the personal computer market for decades. Breaking into related areas such as communications has been much difficult for the world's largest semiconductor maker. But a new partnership with Nokia (NYSE: NOK) could help to change that. Intel's forays into cellular-phone and home-entertaiment-device chips have........
  • FreeBSD Desktop OSs


    FreeBSD Desktop OSsI would probably choose these over Linux. In many ways these are probably more stable and just as easy to use as any Linux distros but the benefit of stable, updated and secure packages! PC-BSD - http://www.pcbsd.org DesktopBSD - http://www.desktopbsd.net/index.php?id=37 Personally PC-BSD is Beta at this point and is not easy if you are installing it on a non-primary partition. I have not used Deskt........
  • Create Table with structure of another existing table


    Create Table with structure of another existing tableOk, this has many valid uses such as if you need to create backups or the ability to undo changes, you would want to create new tables with the same structure as another. Here is how you do it. [i:7ed9581493] Also remember Indexes such as PRIMARY KEYS [b:7ed9581493]will not be preserved[/b:7ed9581493] so you will have to readd them manually.[/i:7ed9581493] [code:1:7ed9581493]CREATE TABLE NewName AS SEL........
  • ADD PRIMARY KEY to Table


    ADD PRIMARY KEY to TableHere is an example of readding a PRIMARY KEY with an AUTO_INCREMENT field: [b:40986c2a8b]First make the field NOT NULL[/b:40986c2a8b] [code:1:40986c2a8b] ALTER TABLE tableName MODIFY FieldNAME INT(18) NOT NULL; [/code:1:40986c2a8b] [b:40986c2a8b]Create The Primary Key[/b:40986c2a8b] [code:1:40986c2a8b]ALTER TABLE tableName ADD CONSTRAINT PRIMARY KEY(FieldName);[/code:1:40986c2a8b........
  • CDR Manufacturers - Why is so much media bad?


    CDR Manufacturers - Why is so much media bad?I have searched for good media and tried many kinds for years. I guess I'll try to summarize my findings and conclusions. Dye is irrelevant, dye of any color can be good or bad, it more likely depends on the manufacturer. Speaking of manufacturers, the name at the top of the disc means nothing. For example, Memorex along with any other 'brand' is actually always made by another manufaturer including CMC Mag........
  • Other Security Web Sites


    Other Security Web SitesSeveral websites actively track security issues. This list provides you with the major providers of security information on the Web. Many of these organizations also provide newsletters and mailings to announce changes or security threats: Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security (CERIAS) CERIAS is an industry-sponsored center at Purdue University that is focused on technology and relate........
  • How to Track Down/Find Cause of Linux high disk iowait/wa


    top - 09:34:12 up 2 days, 20:57,  2 users,  load average: 1.83, 1.99, 2.03 Tasks:  59 total,   2 running,  57 sleeping,   0 stopped,   0 zombie Cpu(s):  0.3%us,  0.0%sy,  0.0%ni,  0.0%id, 99.7%wa,  0.0%hi,  0.0%si,  0.0%st That 99.7% wa is iowait, it means the server is waiting for a process to complete an IO operation or in plain English, there is a delay in........
  • Unixbench Score with Glusterfs/Openvz & Quad Core Xeon - Updated with GlusterFS 2.0.8 & Optimized Client Config


    The results are still not flattering and are nothing close to native performance.  Unless GlusterFS has a "DRBD-like" option to delay writes over the network and to only read from the client side, I don't see how performance can ever improve much more. After doing some client optimizations I added more to the score:   Start Benchmark Run: Sun Nov 29 00:37:44 PST 2009  00:37:44 up 3 min,  1 user,  load average: 0.01........
  • Unixbench Score with Glusterfs/Openvz & Quad Core Xeon - Updated with GlusterFS 2.0.8


    You might remember my original GluserFS/OpenVZ benchmark which produced a horrible 29.8 This is the exact same system, but using the latest 2.0.8 (with some small files patch which speeds up performance) you can see it is about 25% faster. I also haven't tuned my config files at all, but there are some settings that should increase performance on small files which I believe i........
  • Unixbench Score with Glusterfs/Openvz & Quad Core Xeon


    This is very disappointing since GlusterFS markets itself as a solution to deploy VPS servers on.  On the HN itself I get a Unixbench of about 360. I'm also using an SSH tunnel to secure the communications, but even before that, things seemed very slow.        #    #  #    #  #  #    #          #####&n........
  • Unlocked iPhone 3GS and firwmare 3.0 battery short low life horrible


    This is pretty bad, ever since my phone has been unlocked the battery life is horrible.  Many others have reported this issue on provider unlocked phones and even jail broken phones.  We're talking issues as bad as losing 1% every 3 minutes which is what I seem to have observed as well. For now I'm going to relock the phone, and hopefully a firmware update will address this issue.  This is very annoying and it seems apparent this is also happening on 3G phones and that........
  • iPhone Backgrounder Adds True and Real iPhone multitasking on jailbroken phones


    Apple crippled the iPhone by not allowing multi-tasking of the non-primary apps.  I use SSH a lot and I don't want to close my session just to check my e-mail, etc, now an app found in Cydia called "Backgrounder" allows just that. Although it's not perfect, we installed the correct one for "3.x" iPhones and hit "Reload SpringBoard" and the hour/circle glass has just been going for minutes. It seems like it installed fine even with the crash t........
  • iPhone 3GS 32GB "Harsh Review"


    Yes, I admit I finally got bitten by the hype as much as I can usually see through it all.  Keep in mind this review is of the "stock" phone, no jailbreaking yet which is what really unleashes the customizability and why I bought iPhone. I had better things to say about this phone before buying it, and it is a great phone, perhaps the best on the market by far, if not because of the Mac OS port onto the iPhone and all the apps, etc, etc. With that said........
  • Nokia N97 review, feedback and complaints


    I've had an old Blackberry for a few years and I was ready to spend some serious cash on a nice Nokia.  I love the idea of the Linux based Symbian S60 OS, so I was looking at phones like the E63, E71 (both are basically the same, at least CPU/screensize although E71 is thinner, has a 3MP camera, has GPS, and has dedicated buttons to adjust the volume). Then I heard about the N97 and what a revolution it was supposed to be and it was even compared to iPhone.  To........
  • SSH Slow Login even with SSHD UseDNS no parameter


    I couldn't understand why on one system it took a few minutes to get the SSH login prompt when connecting to other systems. The other systems all had the UseDNS parameter set to no, which almost always resolves the login prompt delay. The reason is Ubuntu and perhaps Debian and other distributions /etc/nsswitch.conf file Edit yours to have the "hosts" line like so (notice that files and dns are the primary resolution choice........
  • Rackable Systems and their Microslice Clustered 1U Servers


    I think there has been a lot of negative press towards Rackable Systems.  We will give their new solution credit that it is marketed very well, and comes prepackaged and ready to go. But let's cut through the hype of both sides, the people who love this concept and the people who hate it. What Rackable Systems have done is a first, to minimize space, power and costs into small servers.  This is great, and many companies have already built their own servers based........
  • ENOM Major Outage


    At this time we can't resolve Enom's website and all DNS requests to their 4 primary name servers are failing, although the hostnames themselves still resolve:    Name Server: DNS1.NAME-SERVICES.COM    Name Server: DNS2.NAME-SERVICES.COM    Name Server: DNS3.NAME-SERVICES.COM    Name Server: DNS4.NAME-SERVICES.COM    Name Server: DNS5.NAME-SERVICES.COM You would really think Enom, bein........
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