systemd is like the service manager for your Centos and other modern Linux distributions (including Debian/Mint/Ubuntu) allows you to enable services, stop them, restart them, check their status and even reboot your system.
The key commands or arguments you will use with systemctl are the following:
list-units [PATTERN...] List loaded units
4.374647] usb_common: exports duplicate symbol usb_get_dr_mode (owned by kernel)
[ 4.403334] usbcore: exports duplicate symbol __usb_get_extra_descriptor (owned by kernel)
[ 4.427736] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: xHCI Host Controller
[ 4.427844] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
[ 4.429040] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: hcc params 0x200077c1 hci version 0x100 quirks 0x01109810
[ 4.429141] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: cache line size of 64 is not sup........
sudo apt-get install hwloc-nox
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following NEW packages will be installed:
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 530 not upgraded.
Need to get 151 kB of archives.
After this operation, 453 kB of additional disk space will be used.
BootModuleConfig.sh echo host-ind nfcd ........
Normally lspci will show you just like this and would suggest they are exactly the same card:
1a:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Ellesmere [Radeon RX 470/480/570/580] (rev e7)
1c:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Ellesmere [Radeon RX 470/480/570/580] (rev e7)
lspci -vnn is the answer
As we can see one is a Gigabyte and the other is an MSI card. Wha........
This works with lspci and if it's outdated may not give you the exact manufacturer and device model.
For example take these 3 different RX 580's:
1a:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Device 67df (rev e7)
1b:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Device 67df (rev e7)
1d:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Device 67df (rev e7)
pcimodules no longer works it produces nothing probably because the format of /sys/bus/pci is different.
lspci -k doesn't work on older lspci versions.
pciutils can be compiled but it won't work if you have an old system and compile on a newer glibc.
iteriate through /sys/bus/pci/devices/*/modalias
This is a VIA made VL805 USB 3.0 Chipset with 4-ports and MOLEX powered. First of all this unit was cheap at about only 9 USD with fast shipping. My biggest concern was if this was a quality unit and would it really give you full USB 3.0 speeds (some people reported with similar cards that for some weird r........
When running cudaminer once it tries to initialize the card the entire screen freezes. The computer itself is still running but the Xorg is done for, you cannot even switch to another console window and must reboot (even an mdm or Xorg restart does not help).
At first cudaminer will give you these errors:
...retry after 15 seconds
GPU #0: Geforce 210 with compute ca........
forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: irq 25 for MSI/MSI-X
forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: eth0: MSI enabled
forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: eth0: no link during initialization
ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): eth0: link is not ready
forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: eth0: link up
ADDRCONF(NETDEV_CHANGE): eth0: link becomes ready
Dec 1 18:21:32 box15 kernel: forcedeth: Reverse Engineered nForce ethernet driver. Version 0.64.
Dec 1 18:21:32 box15 kernel........
At first my BIOS said the card may not work right because there is no more option ROM space.
I disabled the Option ROM for both LSI 1068 and 2008 chipsets, Network Boot ROM and most other PCI slots, Serial Port, etc... and the message went away but the card still does not work properly.
But it still cannot initialize the card properly (does not work):
[ 33.943272] NVRM: This PCI I/O region assigned to your NVIDIA device is invalid:........
Download from here http://www.avagotech.com/products/server-storage/host-bus-adapters/sas-9200-8e#downloads
sudo Installer_P20_for_Linux/sas2flash_linux_i686_x86-64_rel/sas2flash -listall
LSI Corporation SAS2 Flash Utility
Version 20.00.00.00 (2014.09.18)
Copyright (c) 2008-2014 LSI Corporation. All rights reserved
The solution was to reinstall the vbox dkms package and do a manual modprobe of the modules it makes.
I never sorted out the unable to start due to the USB issue, I did have the guest additions installed but the only way to boot was to change the pointing device from USB to PS2 and then to disable the USB controller (if your pointing device is set as USB, disabling USB will not work because it will re-enable by default when it sees your pointing device is USB, this is w........
0000:00:00.0 RAM memory: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 Memory Controller (rev a2)
0000:00:01.0 ISA bridge: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 LPC Bridge (rev a3)
0000:00:01.1 SMBus: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 SMBus (rev a3)
0000:00:02.0 USB controller: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 USB Controller (rev a1)
0000:00:02.1 USB controller: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 USB Controller (rev a2)
0000:00:05.0 IDE interface: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 SATA Controller (rev a3)
Dell CS24SC Info
0000:00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev 90)
0000:00:02.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 2-3 (rev 90)
0000:00:03.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 3 (rev 90)
0000:00:04.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x16 Port 4-7 (rev 90)
0000:00:05.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 5 (rev 90)........
0000:00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000P Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev b1)
0000:00:02.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 2-3 (rev b1)
0000:00:03.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 3 (rev b1)
0000:00:04.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 4-5 (rev b1)
0000:00:05.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x4........
I'm not sure why I'm getting these but all memory modules are the exact same and all passed memtest successfully although they are ECC. I've heard that ECC RAM can't be tested as well and the kernel seems to indicate they are non-fatl recoverable errors. I wonder if the BIOS has aggressive RAM timing or maybe the controller or motherboard is bad.
[ 12.716515] EDAC MC: Ver: 2.1.0
[ 12.717771] EDAC MC0: Giving out device to........
<p>It is a permissions issue that is hard to fix.</p>
<p><strong>All but one USB device is greyed out.</strong></p>
<p>I am already a member of "vboxusers"</p>
<li>I have already enabled and disabled USB support for the guest.</li>
<li>I have already reinstalled the latest VBOx guest editions</li>
<li>If running as root it all works fine</li>
./configure: line 91: cd: /lib/modules/2.6.32-042stab084.25/build: No such file or directory
Error: kernel version not found.
Please make sure your kernel is configured.
dr-xr-xr-x. 4 root root 4096 Feb 21 06:13 ..
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 45 Feb 21 06:13 build -> ../../../usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-042stab084.25
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Feb 12 20........
Unusually the Virtualization was enabled when I got this server but all the NICs were diabled in the BIOS including PXE boot!
Advanced -> Advanced Chipset Control
PCI Slot 1 Option ROM: Enabled
Onboard LAN1 Control: Enabled
LAN1 Option ROM Scan: Enabled (you need it for PXE boot)
Onboard LAN2 Control: Enabled
LAN2 Option ROM Scan: Enabled
*you will need to reboot and........
02:00.0 SCSI storage controller: LSI Logic / Symbios Logic SAS1068E PCI-Express Fusion-MPT SAS (rev 08)
03:00.0 SCSI storage controller: LSI Logic / Symbios Logic SAS1068E PCI-Express Fusion-MPT SAS (rev 08)
Basically these cards are a stripped-down version of Dell Perc 6/i only they (SAS 6/ir) support JBOD.
The Dell Perc 6/i are basically useless because it doesn't have JBOD support and requires software or BIOS commands to add or remove........
I've got one of these for testing projects from work at home and got more than I bargained for with the time I've spent on it due to the storage handing/Perc 6/i cards.
My particular model came with the following:
2U Rack Mount Server with Rails
2xOpteron 2373 EE (Quad Core, there is a 6-core version that can be found at times)
2 x 250GB Seagate SATA
2 x Dell Perc 6/i (horrible and a nightmare to work........
The results are not bad, the Hitachi performs the same as it does in a SATA2 motherboard. However, the 2TB is much different, on a similar 2TB Toshiba I get about 198MB/s on a different motherboard vs the 2TB Hitachi which should produce similar results.
This Dell Perc 6/i is on a PCI x8 riser card and is connected to a 12-port backplane.
Enclosure Device ID: 32
Slot Number: 0
Enclosure position: N/A
I bricked one of my cards by following a guide from UNRAID.
Step #1 from them wipes out the BIOS, but guess what? The step where you restore the BIOS should have been done first, which is sas2flash but no version supports or is able to find my Perc 6/i. So now I'm a bit stuck.
I tried using megarec but it's funny that it can wipe the BIOS but can't forcefully reload it:
megarec -writesbr 0 mpt2sas.rom
Supports 1078 control........
One thing to remember is that you need MegaCli to do the flashing.
You also need the correct file, I tried at least 2 different Perc 6 firmwares from Dell that kept getting rejected as corrupt by MegaCli (they were really the wrong version). I have an external PCI-E Dell 6 Perc/I but I chose images from the 'Integrated" on motherboard version as it was all I could find. They are different, and below is my first time finding success.........
At first it was configured as a RAID 0, then I deleted the Virtual Disk Group.
I thought both drives would be shown and detected in Linux as sda and sdb but it actually shows nothing.
To make them work you have to hit Ctrl+R before the system boots (when prompted) and create a Virtual Disk Group. In my case I created each one as RAID 0 (with a single drive only) as I just wanted JBOD but there is no such option or default in these Dell Pe........
pxe-32 tftp open timeout
The solution was to enable tftp in xinetd with "chkconfig tftp on".
See the troubleshooting below:
NetworkManager 0:off 1:off 2:off 3:off 4:off 5:off 6:off
If you move your hard drive(s) around to other computers/servers, you'll find that your eth0 keeps getting higher, the first time it will become eth1 and then eth2 etc and even higher if your server has dual or quad NICs. The reason is that udevd basically assigns eth0 tot he first NIC it finds and remembers it, if it encounters a NIC with a different MAC, it assigns it one higher (eg. eth1).
See the example below, I have eth2 now so how do I fix it?........
02:00.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8111/8168B PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet controller (rev 03)
For whatever reason it seems the r8169 driver that ships and has shipped with most Linux distros for years is still flawed and does not work properly on these cards, causing 100mbit connectivity when it should be 1gbit and even worse, causing random network dropouts. The r8169 driver in Linux kernels is simply not meant to be used on th........
I never started these processes but they are from a custom based bootable Linux I've made and I've never seen this behavior on other machines or even with the same machine using different kernels. These processes seemed to spawn on their own and I have no idea why and even worse why the CPU usage is so high?
Here's the output from top:
907 extaudit 30 10 0 0 0 R 90.7 0.0 ........
I've encountered this problem before and I believe it may affect other drivers (I could test but I don't have time). This was happening on my custom Linux system with the pcnet32 driver.
pcnet32: eth0: transmit timed out, status 97fb, resetting (and some other kernel module tracing in dmesg)
Basically it means the card is connected (it shows connected in full duplex etc.. and recognized if the cable is disconnected too) but no packets can be sent or received........
I'm running Ubuntu 10.10 with Asus NVIDIA GT430
2.6.35-32-generic-pae #65-Ubuntu SMP Tue Jan 24 14:06:16 UTC 2012 i686 GNU/Linux
Nvidia binary driver: 260.19.06
The screen sometimes completely freezes and locks up or everything starts going very slow:
[1903398.100007] NVRM: os_schedule: Attempted to yield the CPU while in atomic or interrupt context
[1903402.373210] NVRM: Xid (0001:00): 53, CMDre 00000000 00000080 00000000 00000005 00........
One of my test Centos 5 containers was on a partition that filled up and it threw all sorts of errors and stopped responding but now I can't boot it again anymore.
All the console shows is the Linux Penguin on the top left corner and the xm console says "usbcore: registered new driver hub" and has halted there.
Centos 5 Xen container stuck/frozen won't boot on "usbcore: registered new driver hub"
Another great way of troubleshooting is booting fro........
In file included from drivers/block/cciss.c:1015:
include/asm-generic/pci-dma-compat.h: In function `cmd_special_free':
drivers/block/cciss.c:196: sorry, unimplemented: inlining failed in call to 'cciss_tag_discard_error_bits': function body not available
include/asm-generic/pci-dma-compat.h:25: sorry, unimplemented: called from here
make: *** [drivers/block/cciss.o] Error 1
make: *** [drivers/block] Error 2
make: *** [drivers] Error 2........
Webmin Setup Centos 5:
[root@host ~]# --2011-01-06 21:48:20-- http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/webadmin/webmin/1.530/webmin-1.530-1.noarch.rpm?r=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmin.com%2Fstandard.html
Resolving downloads.sourceforge.net... 216.34.181.........
You'll see the following and the boot process will freeze:
io scheduler noop registered
io scheduler anticipatory registered
io scheduler deadline registered
io scheduler cfq registered (default)
I have struggled with this issue on vari........
NET: Registered protocol family 2
The above is the last thing that I ever saw, I tried pci=routeirq etc.. and it wouldn't work.
The solution is to enable IOAPIC in the VBOX Settings
Just enable "IOAPIC" in the settings for your Centos Guest and you'll find the kernel boots just fine. I wonder if a physical system might stall in this same way if the BIOS has IOAPIC disabled which many people do as a troubleshooting method.
This is obviously a bug in the r8169 kernel module and it seems to affect a lot of people. I upgraded to the latest kernel and hope this won't happen anymore, as it is a very serious error. This is especially serious for those who are running servers with this chipset, who can afford for the NIC to randomly go off-line for no apparent reason?
[655548.189113] type=1505 audit(1277067560.902:5): operation="profile_load" name="/usr/bin/freshclam&q........
Basically the two main types of distros are Debian and RHEL/Centos based. I'm just going to give a quick overview of how the configuration of IP interfaces works in Debian/Centos based distros.
*Just one thing to remember, when setting IPs statically you have to manually specify a DNS server in /etc/resolv.conf (since DHCP is what normally does it automatically)
The IP (DHCP &........
Here are the results, it is Sempron 3000+ AMD Mobile, 500Gig HDD, 512MB RAM with shared ATI Radeon graphics.
# # # # # # # ##### ###### # # #### # #
# # ## # # # #&nb........
Linux Kernel v220.127.116.11
SYMLINK include/asm -> include/asm-x86
drivers/net/igb/igb_main.c: In function `igb_up':........
This is the Intel Atom 330 motherboard with integrated Realtek Gigabit NIC (Intel Desktop Board D945GCLF2 Motherboard W/ Atom 330 1.6 GHz Dual Core Processor - Mini-ITX)
I cannot achieve more than 15 MB/s, even doing a local transfer through eth0 to it's own IP.
100% 95MB 15.9MB/s 00:06
So this is not a cabling, switch or hardware issue, it seems like a driver or chipset limitation problem.
Here is my........
When trying to even cd or ls the mounted OCFS2 partition it crashes. I think this is a combination of VMWare Server's problem and the way I mounted and symlinked to it.
More than anything this shows the problem and lack of forsight with VMWare, but also that OCFS2 is easily crashed if you do strange things.
Output of /var/log/messages for OCFS2
Apr 10 15:57:45 localhost kernel: [84331.691258] Modules linked in: vmnet vmci vmmon ocfs2_stac........