This assumes that you've already installed the relevant HWIC cards eg. Cisco Asynchronous Serial NIM
These are essentially cards that you install into your router, once installed you connect an Async cable to one of the ports on the card which normally gives you 8 console cables and are normally labelled 1 through 8.
You connect all of the cables to the devices you need (even non-Cisco devices) whether switches, routers or firewalls, they will usually work.
The real m........
This was done on a 2900 but applies to all the switches of the same era.
Step 1 - Power Cycle and enter recovery mode
If you have physical access you can power cycle and hold the mode button down for 15 seconds. After that the SYS light will flash on the switch and you will see the following screenshot.
If you don't have physical access (eg. it is a datacenter swich over console only) then power cycle and hit "Ctrl+Pause/B........
A lot of older devices either support telnet or very old SSH keyx algorithms which are insecure and disabled by all newer/modern SSH clients for security reasons. However, sometimes you may be on a LAN via VPNor some other secured network or for whatever reason, absolutely, need to connect to this device and sometimes old/embedded devices may not be possible to update to a newer SSH server.
If you run into this you may be using a modern/newer SSH client and get thi........
It is common that you may get access to undocumented equipment and need to reset the password. This applies to many Cisco routers whether 2600, 2900, 3900 etc...
Cisco's Guide says to hit Ctrl +Pause/Break but if it doesn't work on some devices causing people to say "cisco password reset pause break does not work", you can see Cisco's alternative key combinations here:........
1.) Install dynagen and dynamips
2.)Also configure your bridge or br0
If you don't have a br0 on your Linux machine then follow this guide or video for Debian:
Alternatively you can use NIO_linux_eth:eth0 for f0/0 below but remember the host machine cannot talk to the router then.
Getting started, let's enable ephones and DNs we can add a phone with a telephone number:
!this enables ephone registration otherwise phones cannot register
!max-ephones 2 says we can have a maximum of 2 phones, change to your needs (or to the limit set by your IOS image)
This would be crucial especially if the phone is hardened, not being able to reset or change settings could prevent a phone registering in a new environment or even when migrating from office to office.
1.) Reboot phone and hold the "#" key.
2.) Once the headset and volume key are green release the "#" key.
3.) Immediately press 123456789*0# (if you are successful when you press 1 the headset button should go d........
Install Errors on Version 12:
This error happened on QEMU emulator version 2.11.1 pve-qemu-kvm_2.11.1-5
on Proxmox/Debian but installing on QEMU.12 on Centos 6 did not produce the error.
*Update it is not related to the OS or QEMU version. This happened in Centos 6 too after a second install.
What really causes this even though you successfully install........
The strange thing is that usually the first install or two will work on any new machine but then it suddenly won't. I had this experience on QEMU 2.13 on a different machine. There is something finicky or buggy about the CUCM installer even when choosing the same virtual hardware specs.
QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.1 (qemu-kvm-0.12.1.2-2.506.el6_10.1), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard
There are multiple layers but most are enabled by default such as the setting in the Phone Device Settings.
However the one not enabled by default is the one in "Enterprise Phone Configuration".
Enable "Cisco Camera" and then reboot your phones to enable it.........
DN = Directory Number:
It is basically the extension of the phone
In the example below, 55 is a DN assigned to the phone.........
How to Make CUCM iso /modify to work on non-VMWare machines like QEMU/Xen/OpenStack
If you get kernel panic errors in VBOX usually disabling Nested Paging will fix the issue (thanks to Mark).
ks_pre.sh error is caused by having the wrong VDX pattern (change it do sd per guide link above) and/or the wrong VMSpecs (Cisco req........
In most of the Cisco router IOS I find the ports like ge0/0 ge0/1 and ge0/2 or whatever your ports are down. They will not even give you a link light. So one of the first tasks should be getting the port you are working with up.
In my case the first goal is often connectivity with the LAN and WAN.
LAN = your local area network (eg. in the office/home )
WAN= your ISP/public internet (eg. fiber/cable/dsl/ethernet).
In these examples I as........
00:55:07: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to down
00:55:09: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up
Switch(config)#no logging console
Switch#show ip dhcp snooping
Switch DHCP snooping is disabled
DHCP snooping is configured on following VLANs:
Insertion of option 82 is enabled
circuit-id format: vlan-mod-port
remote-id format: MAC
Option 82 on untrusted port is not allowed
Verification of hwaddr field is enabled
Enter configuration console:
This is important because if your console doesn't look like below none of the commands will work!
Save and Apply Settings
Show Switch Configuration:
Show Port List/Sta........
This works on the 2000 and 3000 series generally.
*The easy way is to just hold the mode button for 10+ seconds.
The full/proper way is below:
1.) Either power on the unit and hold the "mode" button or hold the "mode" button until you see the below:
00:04:08: %SYS-7-NV_BLOCK_INIT: Initalized the geometry of nvram
00:04:08: %EXPRESS_SETUP-6-CONFIG_IS_RESET: The configur........
The key thing is that you must use a "machine"id of "pc-1.3" or it will say your hardware is not supported.
Additionally you MUST use a virtio disk or you will get a ks_pre.sh error as soon as the install starts (a look at logs will show it can't find a disk). This is funny because even though the OS finds the disk and an fdisk -l shows it, it looks like the script looks for a /dev/vda device (virtio) and nothing else, so if you didn't use Virtio as you........
Cisco's CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) is a system that combines voice, video, data and mobile products into a single unified management suite. At its core, the CUCMis like a "Super PBX" that controls the flow of all communications through an organization even single or multiple site deployments.
Cisco's CUCMmakes communication more effective and simple through centralized management and unification of communications resources.........