Virtualbox is a very powerful tool, but for some use cases it is less than optimal.
Say you are in a work, lab or other environment where you are not alone on the physical network and there could be overlap of IPs, but you need all of your VMs to be contactable from your host, VMs need to communicate with each other, and VMs need internet.
NAT Network will give you VM to VM communication and internet, however, it is buggy and unstable. It also doesn't allow host to VM co........
If you find your NAT Network is not working properly, the first thing you may want to do is list the networks, check their status and make sure the Network is actually started and configured as you expect (eg. is DHCP on and enabled?).
This is a long known, unresolved bug that seems to affect Version 6 randomly and disportionately on especially Mint 20/Ubuntu 18.
How To Fix This Cisco Switch/Router Error %Error opening tftp
%Error opening tftp://10.0.2.2/network-confg (Permission denied)
%Error opening tftp://10.0.2.2/cisconet.cfg (Permission denied)
%Error opening tftp://10.0.2.2/router-confg (Permission denied)
%Error opening tftp://10.0.2.2/ciscortr.cfg (Permission denied)
%Error opening tftp://10.0.2.2/network-confg (Perm........
Adding a default route is very simple with this command
Just replace 192.168.1.1 with the IPof your GW.
ip route add default via 192.168.1.1
How can you delete this default route if you messed it up?
It's just the opposite with "delete" instead of add
ip route del default via 192.168.1.1
This is the equivalent of the "route command's" route add default gw 192.168.1.1........
Bonding is an excellent way to get both increased redundancy and throughput. It is similar to the "Network Teaming" feature in Windows.
There are a few different modes but we will use mode 6, I think it's the best of both worlds, as it is not just a failover, but it provides round robin, so you will get redundancy and load balancing. So if you have a 1G single port, you will have a combined throughput of 4G at this point. Just bear in mind that the true thr........
How To Install Ceph
If you stopped an install of Ceph midway you will need to manually restart it with "pveceph install"
Remember that your VM needs to have working internet (gateway) and DNS in order to connect to the apt repo to download all of the packages that Ceph requires.
Remember to repeat these steps for each node that you want Ceph on.
This seems to be an ongoing issue that is still reproducable in the latest Ubuntu Vbox 6.x.
The default NAT Network range is usually 10.0.2.0/24. If you change this range it does not seem to work properly.
Say we change the range to 10.50.1.0/24
If you get a new lease you will find that you get an IP from the old range but the default gateway is from the new range.
Just a quick note and warning is that if you are testing to see if EFIPXE booting works on a VM, MAKE SURE it actually works. For example Iinitially tested using my Distro's QEMU 2.5+dfsg-5ubuntu10.46 and ovmf BIOS firmware (OVMF supports EFI). However, I found on old versions of QEMU (like 2.5), EFIbooting with GRUB NEVER works so it may appear that you have made a mistake when everything is fine when you boot a physi........
Many people may not be aware that you can turn commodity hardware into a Mikrotik OS and there are various options which is "CHR" (Cloud Hosted Router) which is a VMimage meant for Virtualization only (seriously, I've tried to dd the image to a physical server and it just crashed as it does not contain any drivers for physical).
One note as well if you are trying to do a baremetal install you may get an error "Error Loading Operating System" or........
yum -y install wget unzip
yum -y install php php-mysqlnd php-json php-zip php-dom php-xml php-libxml php-mbstring php-gd mysql mysql-server
Last metadata expiration check: 0:58:02 ago on Fri 13 Mar 2020 02:12:49 PM EDT.
This is only really necessary in the case you don't want DHCP. If you are dealing with an encrypted LUKS server on the internet, you will often want to have a static IP so you know which IP to connect to (or if you have a semi-static IP assigned by DHCP).
SET IP Address by /etc/initramfs-tools/initramfs.conf
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Create your netplan file
Having a network bridge allows you to bridge traffic under multiple devices so they can talk natively without using any special routing, iptables/firewall or other trickery.
To create your bridge you need the bridge-utils package for brctl and if you want to do things like bridge VMs that run on a tap device you will need the uml-utilities which provides "tunctl".
1.) Install the utilities to make our bridge
sudo apt-get i........
The strange thing is that usually the first install or two will work on any new machine but then it suddenly won't. I had this experience on QEMU 2.13 on a different machine. There is something finicky or buggy about the CUCM installer even when choosing the same virtual hardware specs.
QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.1 (qemu-kvm-0.12.1.2-2.506.el6_10.1), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard
So say you are behind a typical NAT/LAN setup whether at home, work or while travelling. What if you have a computer or server that you need to connect to from the outside?
Yes you could use a VPN but a quick and dirty, temporary and secure way is to use SSH's Reverse Tunneling Proxy feature.
On the remote ssh server host you need the GatewayPorts option enabled in sshd_config (be........
Cisco's CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) is a system that combines voice, video, data and mobile products into a single unified management suite. At its core, the CUCMis like a "Super PBX" that controls the flow of all communications through an organization even single or multiple site deployments.
Cisco's CUCMmakes communication more effective and simple through centralized management and unification of communications resources.........
[root@localhost:~] vmkping -I vmk1 10.0.2.69
PING 10.0.2.69 (10.0.2.69): 56 data bytes
sendto() failed (Host is down)
vsphere distributed switch vmotion not working
[root@localhost:~] esxcfg-route -l
Network Netmask Gateway Interface&........
You can find many ways to specify the VLANin your network configuration but Ifind this is the simplest and quickest.
In this case we are talking about a bridged adapter "vmbr0" but it works even if you just had a normal non-bridged interface.
The key here is that in vmbr0 you'll notice there is no IP address. We just specify "manual".
Below it is a similar stanza for "vmbr0.58" in this case 58 represents the VLAN (change........
yes it does create its own json
cat /tmp/vcsaUiInstaller/ovftool-20180809-175238948-20180809-175603497.log |grep -i json
2018-08-09T17:56:04.238-07:00 verbose OVFTool [Originator@6876 sub=Default] Manifest file entry: SHA1(VMware-vCenter-Server-Appliance-22.214.171.12400-8832884_OVF10-file1.json) = 1deb658c724767697587d5909c4051c01813e6a1
This is often the result of PayPal's "item name" or another name having invalid characters or not supporting Unicode.
126.96.36.199 - - [17/Jul/2018:13:39:45 -0400] "POST //modules/gateways/callback/paypal.php HTTP/1.1" 406 - "-" "PayPal IPN ( https://www.paypal.com/ipn )"
A good clue is if you check the debug output of the IPNand find a mandatory column empty.
#mount the VCSA DVD
mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd
#alternatively you could mount the iso directly
mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path
#for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux
#no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file
Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
Sometimes if you have a very basic configuration OpenVPN on the client side for some reason sends all traffic to the OpenVPN server IP through the tun0 which is of course impossible and creates a block or routing loop.
This is because you need to use your normal ISP/LANgateway to hit the OpenVPN server if it is remote/offsite as is usually the case. So if you are connected to the OpenVPN through say a tun0 device and your routing is set to connect to the OpenVPN&nbs........
You have dual NICs and you disable NIC1 which uses 192.168.1.1 as its gateway. With NIC2 you enable it/connect it to another network which also has the gateway 192.168.1.1
Everything will work fine at this point.
When switching back to NIC1 even with NIC2 disabled and even unplugged, the OS basically can't pick up the new/updated ARP entry of the old device for 192.168.1.1 and perhaps thinks it is a security risk or spoof of some sorts and blocks i........
This is a real pain because I had to manually unplug ethernet cables for network testing or to use an alternate network or guarantee physical access to one network segment is cut off.
For some reason this happened after Ikilled dbus because it was confused and blocking packets thinking they were coming from the wrong interface since eth0 and eth1 both had the same subnet and gateway.
I eventually did a "service network-manager restart" but the option was........
The following assumes the computer is local/physical to you and/or it always has a LANIP so it can be accessed on site without having a default gateway.
The key to this is not to set a default gateway for your computer or you can set a script on boot or other time to delete the gateway (where eth0 is the NIC you are using):
route del default eth0
188.8.131.52 is the VPN server you connect to
192.168.1.1 is your........
It's a basic script that reads the file "ips.txt" in the current directory and then creates a corresponding ifcfg file
for ips in `cat ips.txt`; do........
That is pinging to the gateway IP on the same switch, the same IP is pingable externally without any problems which makes me think the switch is fine.
64 bytes from 184.108.40.206: icmp_seq=4 ttl=255 time=1.07 ms
64 bytes from 220.127.116.11: icmp_seq=1 ttl=255 time=3536 ms
64 bytes from 18.104.22.168: icmp_seq=2 ttl=255 time=2536 ms
64 bytes from 22.214.171.124: icmp_seq=3 ttl=255 time=1536 ms
64 bytes from 126.96.36.199: icmp_seq=8 ttl=255 time=1.20 ms
Remember to replace "eth0" with your NIC device although usually it will be eth0.
Replace 192.168.1.1 with your default gateway, remember you can also add multiple gateways by adding a second/different default gateway.
Kernel IP routing table
Destination Gateway Genmask&nb........
Basically the two main types of distros are Debian and RHEL/Centos based. I'm just going to give a quick overview of how the configuration of IP interfaces works in Debian/Centos based distros.
*Just one thing to remember, when setting IPs statically you have to manually specify a DNS server in /etc/resolv.conf (since DHCP is what normally does it automatically)
The IP (DHCP &........
It's basically free bash shell script available from: http://wpkg.org/email2fax/index.php/Main_Page
Make sure you have the required tools:
Where you can e-mail your Asterisk box and it will fax it to the phone number in the subject line. The good news ends there, it is fairly undocumented and buggy.
Take for example how the documentation mentions you can invoke from the com........
Setup Static IP Address ONBOOTAssuming you are using eth0
Note this will work for any version of CentOS and basically any version of Redhat Linux or Redhat based distribution.
You would need to create a new file
the ":0" at the end specifies alias 0 we could actually change this to ":99" or "........
I played around with xmit power (how much power in mW) to see if I could increase the range and signal strength. Idon't think this Linksys WRT54G's strength is the wireless, it seems to have poor signal quality and transfer rates all around.
Ithink part of the problem is also that there are several wireless networks around my house that could be interfering and the walls are thick here.
Anyaway, moving on now :) The default is 28mW and I increased it to........