/ - rtt - IT Resource

  • How to download gajim 0.16.9 XMPP/Jabber client so you can use OMEMO encryption


    #Linux Mint 18.2 how to install gajim .16.9 so you can use OMEMO encryption: sudo apt-get install python-axolotl python-nbxmpp wget https://gajim.org/downloads/0.16/gajim-0.16.9.tar.gz tar -zxvf gajim-0.16.9.tar.gz cd gajim-0.16.9 ./autogen.sh ;make;sudo make install #if you get this error you need to get a newer python-nbxmpp from here: gajim Gajim needs python-nbxmpp >= 0.6.1 to run. Quiting...........
  • HP DL385 G7 Linux BIOS Update Flash


    wget https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe --2018-08-16 05:11:16--  https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe Resolving downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)... 15.249.152.85 Connecting to downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)|15.249.152.85|:443... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 1525561 (1.5........
  • OpenVPN auth-user-pass-verify ENV script error


    Starting with newer versions of OpenVPN I believe 2.2+ you need to have "script-security 3" set or you can't execute a third party script. Prior to that you could also use the auth-user-pass-verify like this: auth-user-pass-verify ./validate.pl "$username $password $ip" via-env Options error: the --auth-user-pass-verify directive should have at most 2 parameters.  To pass a list of arguments as one of the paramete........
  • curl: (35) Unknown SSL protocol error in connection Solution Centos


    curl: (35) Unknown SSL protocol error in connection The main solution is to update curl and nss.  If you are having an issue with curl through Apache/PHP you will need to restart PHP after. It's important to remember that this error could mean a lot of things but most often it simply means that curl and openssl may be outdated and only allow newer secure ways of connecting to SSL. In general here is how you would fix it in most c........
  • Installing SSL Certificate with Chain Intermediary CA File


    Some of the cheaper or newer SSL suppliers will require this to work properly (otherwise you may be prompted that the cert is invalid when it's not the case but it will certainly scare off your users!). In the Apache vhost conf for the domain here is what you add: SSLCACertificateFile /path/to/your/cafile.pem Here is a full example of an SSL Vhost config in Apache using a CA Certificate file <VirtualHost *........
  • Unable to negotiate with 192.168.1.99 port 22: no matching host key type found. Their offer: ssh-dss Solution


    ssh rtt@192.168.1.199 Unable to negotiate with 192.168.1.99 port 22: no matching host key type found. Their offer: ssh-dss It looks like the DSS option is not considered secure so when connecting from newer Linux systems to an older one you will get the above error. It can be fixed (but you should consider upgrading your SSH daemon):   ssh -oHostKeyAlgorithms=+ssh-dss rtt@192.168.1.199........
  • Centos How To Update to Glibc 2.14 Plus


    Centos 6 requires GLIBC 2.12 however a lot of new programs you would want to compile may need a newer glibc.  You can't remove the old glibc since the whole OS is based on it but you can install the updated glibc alongside it and do an export pointing to your updated GLIBC. mkdir ~/glibc_install; cd ~/glibc_install wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/glibc/glibc-2.14.tar.gz........
  • pcimodules and lspci not working alternative solution


    pcimodules no longer works it produces nothing probably because the format of /sys/bus/pci is different. lspci -k doesn't work on older lspci versions. pciutils can be compiled but it won't work if you have an old system and compile on a newer glibc. iteriate through /sys/bus/pci/devices/*/modalias cat /sys/bus/pci/devices/*/modalias pci:v00008086d00001237sv00000000sd00000000bc06sc00i00 pci:v00008086d00007000sv0000000........
  • Migrate Centos 7 from Single HDD to mdadm RAID 10 array:


    Done on Centos 7.3 very important as clearly based on older guides it was a lot easier and more simpler!  Hint do not use grub2-install! One huge caveat if you are an oldschool user or sysadmin who has avoided UEFI booting The normal way will not work here if your Centos was using UEFI.  Newer systems use it by default. The easiest way to check is to do an fdisk -l if your sy........
  • USB 3.0 External HDD Enclosure Seagate UAS problems - [sdd] tag#1 CDB: Write(16) 8a 00 00 00 00 01 70 04 08 68 00 00 00 08 00 00


      This is a 8TB Seagate external USB 3.0 device apparently newer kernels use a module called "UAS" instead of "USB Storage" which causes issues as a lot of devices are not properly supported in UAS mode by the kernel driver.  The solution some say is to disable UAS specifically for your USB device but I'd rather just disable UAS altogether.   Solution blacklist UAS: *do not do this it does not work and just causes your USB 3.0........
  • Centos 7 Cudaminer Nvidia setup guide


    I am using a GTX 1060 but replace the download for the driver with the correct/current version for your particular card by visiting: http://www.nvidia.com/Download/index.aspx?lang=en-us   yum install automake curl openssl-devel libcurl-devel gcc gcc-c++ yum -y install kernel-devel-`uname -r` yum -y install unzip #the........
  • Why won't my Linux Mint boot after I manually installed a new kernel?


    Why won't my Linux Mint boot after I manually installed a new kernel? eg. apt-get install linux-image-newerone Do this   dpkg -l|grep linux-image|grep extra ii  linux-image-extra-3.16.0-38-generic                         3.16.0-38.52~14.04.1     &nb........
  • PHP Parse error: syntax error, unexpected '[' in phpBB3/vendor/react/promise/src/functions.php on line 15


    The solution is simple this happens if you don't meet the requirements.  In my case PHP 5.4 was required but I had PHP 5.3 installed.  Once I installed a newer version the install of PHPBB was successful.........
  • Centos 5 OpenSSL does not support TLS 1.2 Apache Error


    [Thu Jan 26 14:13:31 2017] [notice] caught SIGTERM, shutting down [Thu Jan 26 14:14:00 2017] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec) [Thu Jan 26 14:14:00 2017] [error] Server certificate is expired: 'Server-Cert' [Thu Jan 26 14:14:00 2017] [notice] SSL FIPS mode disabled [Thu Jan 26 14:14:07 2017] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec) [Thu Jan 26 14:14:07 2017] [error] Server certificate is expired: 'Server-Ce........
  • Ubuntu/Debian OpenVZ Template Problems No Networking and SSH not starting


    It all comes down to a bug essentially where you are running an older kernel that doesn't support the newer Debian templates.  The solution is to update your OpenVZ kernel. Here are some symptoms of the problem/lack of kernel support:   Ubuntu Template 12.04 requires a manual network start: service networking start sshd will not start: /usr/sbin/sshd PRNG is not seeded mknod /dev/random c 1 8........
  • There was a problem importing one of the Python modules required to run yum. The error leading to this problem was:


    There was a problem importing one of the Python modules required to run yum. The error leading to this problem was:    No module named yum Please install a package which provides this module, or verify that the module is installed correctly. It's possible that the above module doesn't match the current version of Python, which is: 2.7.9 (default, Apr 21 2016, 16:51:58) [GCC 4.4.7 20120313........
  • Cannot load /etc/httpd/modules/mod_file_cache.so into server: /etc/httpd/modules/mod_file_cache.so:


    Stopping httpd:                                            [FAILED] Starting httpd: httpd: Syntax error on line 73 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Cannot load /etc/httpd/modules/mod_file_cache.so into server: /etc/httpd/modules/mod_file_cache.so: cannot open shared obje........
  • Avocent 8020 KVM Java Icedtea Viewer


    It seems every other updated version of Java or Icedtea breaks things and I will save the frustration of Java for another post. *If you get the icedteaweb window but nothing loads or prompts it is probably your security settings that won't even prompt to run it.   See this article to solve that problem. To fix this error you need to edit the java.security file m........
  • Virtualbox Error


    In plain English this happens after you upgrade VBOX and it rebuilds kernel modules based on a newer kernel than you are running (eg. you upgraded your kernel but haven't booted into it). It is too bad there is not a standard work around that would allow it to realize this and keep old kernel modules and use them if it detects your current kernel is older than the most recently build modules. =============== RTR3InitEx failed with rc=-1912 (rc=-1912) The........
  • Debian 8 Jessie in Linux OpenVZ Container does not work on Centos host


    It sounds like this is corrected in later versions of the OpenVZ kernel but I am not sure, it may also be that a much newer kernel is needed and Centos may not have a recent enough kernel. *Debain 7.0 however does work fine as a temporary fix or work around. Debian 8 OpenVZ no IP and networking not working: lo        Link encap:Local Loopback     ........
  • How To Install Linux Mint 17.2 on mdadm RAID with a separate boot partition


    I was surprised to see that Linux Mint at the latest 17.2 version still has NO mdadm installer option, and worse the installer will not be able to create a proper booting environment even when you do install it. How to setup mdadm in Linux mint LiveCD sudo su apt-get install mdadm # partition as you need and then create your mdadm devices # create your SWAP md0 mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sda1 /d........
  • tar do not overwrite files


    It is as simple as using the "-k" option for:    -k, --keep-old-files       don't replace existing files when extracting       --keep-newer-files     don't replace existing files that are newer than                              thei........
  • No package fuse-encfs available. yum


    It looks like newer versions of Centos no longer have encfs so you have to compile it, only it does not work and fails so those wanting encfs should probably use any other OS which supports it better.........
  • OpenVZ vzctl update changes how iptables work - iptables v1.3.5: can't initialize iptables table `nat': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?) Perhaps iptables or your kernel needs to be upgraded. updated solution


    Are you getting the same old error message even though your iptables settings for OpenVZ are correct? iptables v1.3.5: can't initialize iptables table `nat': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?) Perhaps iptables or your kernel needs to be upgraded. The reason is because in newer vzctl  the old way of setting IPTABLES="" in vz.conf is completely deprecated (I spent some time fiddling wondering why my settings were correct but........
  • Cannot mount iPhone or iPad in Linux


    Unable to mount iPad 4 Unhandled Lockdown error (-4) This is because you need the libimobiledevice-utils package installed and a newer version of it. My older Ubuntu 10.10 uses a version that does not have "idevicepair" which seems to work perfectly and automatically with newer versions of the library. Basically if you install the above library it should be plug and play and if your imobiledevice-utils doesn't have 'idevice........
  • drbd won't sync 8.3.13 on OpenVZ kernel


    <p>I used the matching 8.3.13 utilities and it didn't work but strangely the newer 8.3.16 which makes DRBD complain works just fine.</p> <p>GIT-hash: 83ca112086600faacab2f157bc5a9324f7bd7f77 build by root@sighted, 2012-10-09 12:47:51<br /> &nbsp;0: cs:SyncSource ro:Secondary/Primary ds:UpToDate/Inconsistent A r-----<br /> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ns:0 nr:0 dw:0 dr:0 al:0 bm:0 lo:0 pe:0 ua:0 ap:0 ep:1 wo:b oos:5236960<br /> &nbsp;&nbsp;&am........
  • PHP Warning: imagecreatefromjpeg(): gd-jpeg, libjpeg: recoverable error: Premature end of JPEG file


    I was having an issue with only certain random/jpeg files with the functions imagecreatefromjpeg imagecreatetruecolor and other related ones. This issue was annoying basically it seems like a libgd issue/bug with newer versions of PHP and it was difficult to trace-out.  One very useful thing that helped me was using "php-cgi" and passing the query string as an argument eg: php-cgi images.php source=IMG.jpg (that way you get all the error messages wh........
  • Centos how to upgrade from PHP 5.2 to 5.3 without downtime


    This may sound silly but there will be conflicts/issues with the default Centos repository so you have to use a third party like remi (I prefer not to do this but it's the only option unless you migrate your sites/data to another server or can stand some downtime-not an option IMHO on a production server). You may need to upgrade to PHP 5.3 to run Joomla or many other reasons. Your host needs to use PHP 5.2.4 or higher to run this version of Jo........
  • wget download all files on page/directory automatically recursively


    Have you ever found a website/page that has several or perhaps dozens, hundreds or thousands of files that you need downloaded but don't have the time to manually do it? wget's recursive function called with -r does that, but also with some quirks to be warned about. If you're doing it from a standard web based directory structure, you will notice there is still a link to .. and wget will follow that. Eg. let's say you have files in http://serverip/documen........
  • Openvz YUM Error Solution to "[Errno -1] Metadata file does not match checksum Trying other mirror."


    It's weird because I have a nearly identical box and setup and I can update the ovzkernel-PAE* just fine but on this box it doesn't work. I only get this error with the openvz.repo and not others such as Centos-Base.repo With my other server it works normally: ================ Setting up Update Process Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package ovzkernel-PAE.i686 0:2.6.18-238.12.1.el5.0........
  • Installing Webmin & Enabling SSL


    Webmin Setup Centos 5: wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/webadmin/webmin/1.530/webmin-1.530-1.noarch.rpm?r=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmin.com%2Fstandard.html&ts=1294339690&use_mirror=surfnet [1] 24229 [2] 24230 [root@host ~]# --2011-01-06 21:48:20--  http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/webadmin/webmin/1.530/webmin-1.530-1.noarch.rpm?r=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmin.com%2Fstandard.html Resolving downloads.sourceforge.net... 216.34.181.........
  • VMWare Server is on SSL port 8333


    I'm mentioning this because I keep forgetting what port the management is on for the web interface (since newer releases of VMWare server took away the superior stand alone client). So remember it is port 8333 and sometimes you need to restart vmware-mgmt service and also enable sslv2 in your Firefox or it won't connect.........
  • VirtualBox Convert Import/Boot .vmdk VMWare Hard Disk/Drive Image Won't Work


    I wanted to Import/Use a .vmdk hard disk image file from VMWare.  Generally you can just "point" VirtualBox to it and use it and it will work but I found an exception. One of my Centos 4.4 x64 images wouldn't boot.  I had two copies, an older one and the newer one.  The older one booted as normal (once I changed the VirtualBox driver to IDE from SATA).  The newer one stopped at the "GRUB loading" message no matter what I tried. As far as........
  • VirtualBox some USB passthrough devices greyed/grayed out unavailable solution


    The solution is simple but it's a wonder why VBOX doesn't address it directly? Perhaps newer versions will but you have to add your user to the "vboxusers" group and then login and logout and you'll see the devices you wanted but couldn't access are now available. The weird thing is that the grayed out issue doesn't happen with all devcies but one notable thing is the Apple iPhone especially in DFU or Recovery Mode which is an big issue for some people.........
  • EOL for Kubuntu/Ubuntu 8.04 - W: Failed to fetch http://ca.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/intrepid/universe/source/Sources.gz 404 Not Found [IP: 91.189.92.171 80]


    I couldn't figure out why I couldn't install a simple package.  This is what's annoying about cutting edge Debian distros, yes we know you support each license on average for 1-2 years but why take down the supporting binary packages and basically disable the older versions? sudo apt-get install update Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree       Reading state information... Done E: Couldn't find p........
  • Debian 5.04 RAID 1 mdadm boot problem GRUB error


    I successfully created a single RAID 1 partition which includes /boot inside it and my root directory through the Debian installer.  It said GRUB installed successfully but when I try booting the OS it seems GRUB can't read anything. When trying to boot from GRUB GRUB Loading stage 1.5. GRUB loading, please wait... Error 2 I get "Error 2" when trying to boot Debian.  I also notice from a LiveCD that........
  • chroot into an off-line Linux version using a LiveCD/USB


    It's not just as simple as running the chroot command, you need to ensure the /proc and /dev entries are passed through and populated to the chroot environment. Step 1 - Mount Your Off-line OS mount /dev/sda1 /mnt Step 2 - Mount Proc mount -t proc none /mnt/proc Step 3 - Mount Dev Most guides will tell you to use this: mount -o bind /dev /mnt//dev but that doesn't work for some reason in many cases: mount: wron........
  • Choose Which GCC Version to compile with via CC environment variable.


    It's very common to have multiple GCC versions for different reasons, as annoying as it is.  Some newer/older programs only compile properly or at all on specific versions. You can export the following variable CC: export CC=gcc-4.1 Replace gcc-4.1 with the filename of the gcc you want eg. gcc-99........
  • Need identd for port 113 ? Install authd


    Need identd for port 113 ? Install authdyum install authd Happy identing :)Actually it's not that simple. It installs as an "xinetd" service and is disabled and turned off by deafult. To enable it run: [code:1:8c94df8319] chkconfig --level 3 auth on service xinetd restart [/code:1:8c94df8319] This will set identd aka authd to start by default. service xinetd resta........
  • Linux Kernel Error (2.6.33.1) BUG: Bad page state in process swapper - Keeps rebooting - initramfs bug


    *This is a bug with initramfs support, all kernels after around 2.6.27.54 suffer from this problem. If you try to include initramfs into your kernel (I mean actually building your binaries into the kernel) this will always happen. Obviously some code has changed in recent kernels that is present in all new kernels, it makes it impossible to boot I've tried the latest 2.6.32, 2.6.33, 2.6.34, 2.6.35, 2.6.36, 2.6.37, 2.6.38 kernels and they all do this.  I found one bug re........
  • How to Track Down/Find Cause of Linux high disk iowait/wa


    top - 09:34:12 up 2 days, 20:57,  2 users,  load average: 1.83, 1.99, 2.03 Tasks:  59 total,   2 running,  57 sleeping,   0 stopped,   0 zombie Cpu(s):  0.3%us,  0.0%sy,  0.0%ni,  0.0%id, 99.7%wa,  0.0%hi,  0.0%si,  0.0%st That 99.7% wa is iowait, it means the server is waiting for a process to complete an IO operation or in plain English, there is a delay in........
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