This is only really necessary in the case you don't want DHCP. If you are dealing with an encrypted LUKS server on the internet, you will often want to have a static IP so you know which IP to connect to (or if you have a semi-static IP assigned by DHCP).
SET IP Address by /etc/initramfs-tools/initramfs.conf
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
In this case I am executing using "python3" but what you find in cases like this can be surprising.
The most common issues are that someone has a module for python 2 "pip" and doesn't realize they need "pip3" to install it for python3, but this is not one of those cases.
ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'bs4'
OKmaybe we didn't install it for python3?
A lot of times busy servers will have this issue and you cannot even force kill -9 the apachectl or httpd process:
[root@apachebox stats]# ps aux|grep httpd
root 1547 0.0 0.2 495452 32396 ? Ds Sep08 3:23 /usr/sbin/httpd
root 3543 0.0 0.0 6448 724 pts/1 S+ 13:11&nbs........
sudo pip3 install python-docx
[sudo] password for :
Downloading python-docx-0.8.10.tar.gz (5.5MB): 5.5MB downloaded
Running setup.py (path:/tmp/pip_build_root/python-docx/setup.py) egg_info for package python-docx
no previously-included directories found matching 'docs/.build'
warning: no previously-included files matching '.DS_Store' foun........
service sshd status
● ssh.service - OpenBSD Secure Shell server
Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/ssh.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
Active: failed (Result: start-limit-hit) since Wed 2019-10-02 11:07:54 EDT; 36s ago
Process: 476 ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/sshd -t (code=exited, status=255)
Oct 02 11:07:54 box systemd: Failed to start OpenBSD Secure Shell server.
Oct 02 11:07:54 box sys........
In Centos 7 tftpd will not work with selinux. Clients will not be able to connect and this is all you'll see in the log (then nothing more):
Sep 18 14:39:15 localhost xinetd: START: tftp pid=4331 from=192.168.1.65
On the client/computer side you will see this:
PXE-M0F: Exiting Intel Boot Agent
Basically the client is being instantly connected and bloc........
Perhaps you've just seen this in the bash prompt:
Instead of the expected user@hostname#
It is probably because you are missing .bash_profile or .bashrc in your home directory
Check for yourself:
ls -al ~/|grep -E ".bash_profile|.bashrc"
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root&nbs........
systemd is like the service manager for your Centos and other modern Linux distributions (including Debian/Mint/Ubuntu) allows you to enable services, stop them, restart them, check their status and even reboot your system.
The key commands or arguments you will use with systemctl are the following:
list-units [PATTERN...] List loaded units
You can do other things but this particular script is just to set all AMD cards to 80% fan speed (remember this script needs to applied everytime you reboot). You could set it is a cron or just throw it into /etc/rc.local
for hwmon in `ls -1 /sys/class/drm|grep card[0-99]$`; do
hwmonname=`ls $basepath/$hwmon/device/hwmon|grep hwmon[0-99]`
sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev git build-essential autotools-dev autoconf libcurl3
sudo apt-get install libcurl4-gnutls-dev
git clone https://github.com/wolf9466/cpuminer-multi
sudo apt-get install cmake libpthread-* libmicrohttpd-dev libssl-dev libhwloc-dev
git clone https://github.com/fireice-uk/xmr-stak-cpu.git
chmod +x xmr-stak-cpu
./xmr-stak -O xmr........
You can search for this bug and it seems like it may be related to ecryptfs and is many years old.
The symptoms are that you return to the computer and the screensaver was active or the screen was asleep/black and it doesn't seem to come back. But you check by SSH the computer is running fine and are frustrated you'll lose your running programs and have to reboot.
There is a simple solution:
Ctrl + Alt + F1
Ctrl +Alt + F8
[Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec)
[Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] Init: Unable to read server certificate from file /www/ssl-certs/server.crt
[Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] SSL Library Error: 218529960 error:0D0680A8:asn1 encoding routines:ASN1_CHECK_TLEN:wrong tag
[Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] SSL Library Error: 218595386 error:0D07803A:asn1 encoding routines:ASN1_ITEM_EX_D2I:nested asn1 error........
The code may lead you to believe you have an incompatible template but if you are not trying to use an old template currently that is not the issue. I actually deleted all 3.x style templates to make sure.
What the issue is, is old plugins that are not compatible but Vbulletin does not seem to account for this except that you'll see a fatal PHPerror. You should disable all plugins and then enable one by one until you find the one that is causing the issue.
Sep 12 18:16:25 vps pluto: ERROR: asynchronous network error report on eth0 (sport=500) for message to 188.8.131.52 port 20640, complainant 184.108.40.206: Connection refused [errno 111, origin ICMP type 3 code 3 (not authenticated)]
Some say changing the "leftprotoport=17/%any" will fix this but I have not found this to be the case.
Essentially it means at least one end is blocking the ipsec packets. Sometimes the %any allows an alt........
#if you have nvidia make sure you install the nvidia-cuda-toolkit so hardware acceleration can be used
tar -jxvf ffmpeg-3.3.2.tar.bz2
install prefix /usr/local
source path ........
This is a VIA made VL805 USB 3.0 Chipset with 4-ports and MOLEX powered. First of all this unit was cheap at about only 9 USD with fast shipping. My biggest concern was if this was a quality unit and would it really give you full USB 3.0 speeds (some people reported with similar cards that for some weird r........
Why won't my Linux Mint boot after I manually installed a new kernel?
apt-get install linux-image-newerone
dpkg -l|grep linux-image|grep extra
ii linux-image-extra-3.16.0-38-generic 3.16.0-38.52~14.04.1&nb........
*Update so this doesn't work it must be something to do with the path of nfs or something else but the installer fails with "Installer crashed" at the end whereas with the CD/USB it works.
This assumes you've already installed and configured a separate PXE/DHCP server somewhere else and your /tftpboot directory is setup.
This is for Linux Mint 18.1 but generally applies to most versions although you may have tro change things like "casper"........
sed gets to be a pain and a real mess and is hard to read and understand when you have to escape things like / etc.
Idid not realize until recently that you don't need to use / as a separator, you can use virtually any non letter or number character.
Eg we have used # as the separator to avoid having to escape the forward slashes and in this way the command is plain, easy to understand, edit and saves time/hassle without the need for escaping.
sed -i s#http........
Message from syslogd@server at Sep 14 11:35:59 ...
kernel:[Hardware Error]: MC4 Error (node 1): DRAM ECC error detected on the NB.
Message from syslogd@server at Sep 14 11:35:59 ...
kernel:[Hardware Error]: Error Status: Corrected error, no action required.
Message from syslogd@server at Sep 14 11:35:59 ...
kernel:[Hardware Error]: CPU:6 (10:8:0) MC4_STATUS[Over|CE|MiscV|-|AddrV|CECC]: 0xdc00400021080813........
As shown above the "basename" utility gives you the end filename separately.
As shown above the "dirname" utlity gives you just the utility even if you pass it a specific file.
The above two utilities are very helpful in Bash scripting when working with files and directories co........
Sep 26 16:56:21 box kernel: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Sep 26 16:56:21 box kernel: [37007.155690] d_alias libdl-2.12.so d_count=9 d_flags=8
Sep 26 16:56:21 box kernel: [37007.155697] 09 00 00 00 08 00 00 00 9f 05 9f 05 00 00 00 00 c0 71 1d 18 04 88 ff ff 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 7e 48 00 00 c9 ff ff 78 a9 21 18 04 88 ff ff 3a 7b fa 4e 0d 00 00 00 98 5c 2d 18 04 88 ff ff 18 5c 2d 18 04 88 ff ff 18 5c 2d 18 04 88 ff ff 00 01 10 00 00 00 ad de 00 02 20 00 00 00 ad de f8........
The first is a dual CPU AMD Opteron 2373EE (4 cores x 2) and I think it did bad because it has some old 250GB SATAs which can only do about 65MB/s max sequential reads. I think it should have blown away the second (AMD X4 640 Quad Core).
[root@fs12home unixbench-4.1.0-wht-2]# ./Run
make: Entering directory `/root/unixbench-4.1.0-wht-2'
Checking distribution of files
I've got one of these for testing projects from work at home and got more than I bargained for with the time I've spent on it due to the storage handing/Perc 6/i cards.
My particular model came with the following:
2U Rack Mount Server with Rails
2xOpteron 2373 EE (Quad Core, there is a 6-core version that can be found at times)
2 x 250GB Seagate SATA
2 x Dell Perc 6/i (horrible and a nightmare to work........
At first it was configured as a RAID 0, then I deleted the Virtual Disk Group.
I thought both drives would be shown and detected in Linux as sda and sdb but it actually shows nothing.
To make them work you have to hit Ctrl+R before the system boots (when prompted) and create a Virtual Disk Group. In my case I created each one as RAID 0 (with a single drive only) as I just wanted JBOD but there is no such option or default in these Dell Pe........
I like dd, although it only reads it, usually a read test of the entire disk will uncover if your hard drive is bad in some parts. This is a good thing to do at least once a month, a lot of times bizarre program behavior, laginess and crashing/unnmounting problems etc.. are due to a failing disc and SMART won't know it or indicate a problem:
We must also remember there's never a guarantee, I've found that ever since we moved to larger and more platters per drive with 1TB drives........
Jan 5 12:45:05 testbox kernel: [653298.890004] BUG: soft lockup - CPU#0 stuck for 61s! [hal-acl-tool:4168]
Jan 5 12:45:05 testbox kernel: [653298.890005] Modules linked in: vmnet vmci vmmon binfmt_misc drbd video output input_polldev ocfs2_stackglue ocfs2_dlmfs ocfs2_dlm ocfs2_nodemanager configfs k8temp hwmon_vid lp snd_hda_intel snd_pcm_oss snd_mixer_oss snd_pcm snd_seq_dummy snd_seq_oss snd_seq_midi snd_rawmidi........
The normal solution doesn't help or apply here:
ssh -v firstname.lastname@example.org
OpenSSH_4.3p2 Debian-9etch3, OpenSSL 0.9.8c 05 Sep 2006
debug1: Reading configuration data /etc/ssh/ssh_config
debug1: Applying options for *
debug1: Connecting to 192.168.5.41 [192.168.5.41] port 22.
debug1: Connection established.
debug1: permanently_set_uid: 0/0
debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/identity type -1
yum exits in the middle
The problem is this VPS seems to be an OpenVZ template from HyperVM. The only way to make it work was to disable i386 packages since this was an x64 kernel. That shouldn't be necessary but it was the only way to make yum stop quitting after the first package or two. I couldn't find any issue by checking the logs either.
echo y|yum install vim-minimal telnet expect jwhois net-tools slocate iptables elinks gawk
Create New RAID 1 Array:
First setup your partitions (make sure they are exactly the same size)
In my example I have sda3 and sdb3 which are 500GB in size.
mdadm --create /dev/md2 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sda3 /dev/sdb3
mdadm: array /dev/md2 started.
Check Status Of The Array
*Note I already have other arrays md0 and md1.
You can see below that md2 is syn........
This is a great way to use your ftp server space, for example on your web hosting account (althoughI believe many hosts don't allow storage like this), but if you have a VPS/Dedicated Server etc.., this would be perfect. Imagine how easy it is to work with an ftp account that you can just mount as a normal partition or directory in Linux, it would be great for backups etc..
curlftpfs - mount a ftp host as a local directory
This was unbelievable how much the Xen kernel slows things down, keep in mind both tests were done on the hostnode, one was with the Openvz-Xen hybrid kernel and the other was just OpenVZ. You can see the performance difference is nearly 300% better when not using the Xen kernel.
OpenVZ-Xen Kernel Test Results (I was wondering what was wrong/so slow with my Core i5!)
# # # # # #&n........
Here are the results, it is Sempron 3000+ AMD Mobile, 500Gig HDD, 512MB RAM with shared ATI Radeon graphics.
# # # # # # # ##### ###### # # #### # #
# # ## # # # #&nb........
heartbeat is stopped for some reason
Anyway hnode2 was active and the services are running fine but I see heartbeat has been stopped somehow.
Here is the last log I see of heartbeat:
Sep 9 17:15:32 hnode2 heartbeat: : info: MSG stats: 9/1762471 ms age 0 [pid16738/MST_CONTROL]
Sep 9 17:15:32 hnode2 heartbeat: : info: cl_malloc stats: 716/51784021 152624/74519 [pid16738/MST_CONTROL]
Sep 9 17:15:32........
Updated to Version 3.8 and can't loginSSHD accepts my password but then hangs at "Last login: Wed Sep 13 21:30:02 2006 from"
This occurred during a yum update after upgrading my release, installing the new kernel and rebooting.
I got kicked out of sshd after seeing the following during yum update:
telnet 100 % done 85/476
tux 100 % done 86/476
ntsysv 100 % done 87/476
rpmdb-redhat 94 % done 88/476........
This will give you the basic info needed to browse and connect to Samba shares from the command line. From the GUI of Gnome or KDE etc, it is pretty standard and straight forward. However, I've found very little guides on how to do it from the command line and if you're like me, a nerd who prefers command line for its simplicity and for remote use, this is the way to go.
First get a list of all the Samba/SMB shares on the target.
smbclient -L hostname........