First we need a few extra packages:
apt install -y adduser libfontconfig1 musl sudo
Install / Enable Grafana
dpkg -i grafana-enterprise_10.3.1_amd64.deb
dpkg -i grafana-enterprise_10.3.1_amd64.deb
(Reading database ... 44309 files and directories currently installed.)
configure.ac:75: error: possibly undefined macro: AC_PROG_LIBTOOL
If this token and others are legitimate, please use m4_pattern_allow.
See the Autoconf documentation.
autoreconf: /usr/bin/autoconf failed with exit status: 1
make: *** [/software/pixman/configure] Error 1
make: *** Deleting file `/software/pixman/configure'
yum install libtool........
Step 1.) Upgrade to Debian 11 first
The process to go to Debian 12 is not as smooth as 11, when trying to upgrade from Debian 10. In fact, it doesn't work directly, so you'll first need to follow this guide to update to Debian 11, reboot and come back here if successful.
Step 2.) Update sources.list
Update your /etc/apt/sources.list like this:
apt install exiftool
Remove the metadata from "thefile.pdf":
exiftool -all= thefile.pdf
Warning: [minor] ExifTool PDF edits are reversible. Deleted tags may be recovered! - thefile.pdf
1 image files updated
Metadata, in the context of PDFs, refers to a set of data that describes and gives informat........
haproxy is one of the best known and widely used Open Source load balancers out there and a strong competitor to nginx.
haproxy is used by many large sites per Wikipedia:
HAProxy is used by a number of high-profile websites including GoDaddy, GitHub,........
If you are installing ta-lib for Python and get this error then you can normally solve it by manually getting the ta-lib source files and compiling.
tar -zxvf ta-lib-0.4.0-src.tar.gz
cd ta-lib;./configure;make;make install
Downloading https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/39/6f/6acaee2eac6afb2cc6a2adcb294080577f9983fbd2726395b9047c4e13ec/TA-Lib-0.4.26.tar.gz (272kB)
Be very careful about what filename you specify in dhcpd.conf if you get an error like this:
NBP filesize is 0 Bytes PXE-E23:Client received TFTP error from server.
If you specify "BOOTx64.efi" then the file had better not be called "BOOTx64.EFI" as it is case sensitive. It's really a case of th........
Sometimes due to your BIOS/EFI you may find that you have chosen "Energy Efficient" for your CPU which may effectively disable turbo mode. This is because "Energy Efficient" will often restrict or throttle your CPU to the base speed. This can impact nearly any CPU such as Intel's, AMDs, Opteron, Xeon etc...
This is of course frustrating, for example if you have a CPU that is 2.0GHz base speed but turbo to 2.5GHz, you will never hit more than 2GHz.........
You probably didn't do an "update-grub" and grub no longer has any proper menu entries, but before you can fix it let's try to get grub booting anyway.
If you get this lovely black grub screen here's how you can get things booting.
In my case I have a gpt partition with partition 1 and 2. Partion 1 is just my EFI / ESPand partion 2 /dev/sda2 is my root which includes /boot.
You will have to adjust this if you had a separate /boot partition.........
1.) Create your EFI/ESP Partition
If you happen to have some free space on the drive already then this is easy, just create a new partition of at least 100M.
The nice thing about the EFI spec is that it must just be in the first 2.2TB of space so for most users, it means you can simply resize the last partition(downsize it by 100M) and then add an EFI partition at the end.
For example if you had this partition scheme:
/dev/sda1 = /........
This article about migrating to a CentOS 7 /8 RAID mdadm array has a lot of info but I wanted to focus specifically on what newer versions of CentOS 7 require to boot mdadm and what changes are necessary on CentOS 7.8+
CentOS 7 / 8 mdadm RAID booting requirements
This assumes you are chrooting into an existing install or using it to get a new deployment ready. However, these steps can........
Just an FYI that the installer ignores your selection of Boot Loader, as it was intended for MBR/Legacy. The installer horribly, even when choosing "Something Else" and manually partitioning and creating an EFIin your install drive, will still install grub to the first EFI partition it finds, even if you are following a guide like this to avoid wiping out the M........
The display manager is more so what controls the main graphical login process after Debian/Mint/Ubuntu boot and controls the graphical login sequence. Once you login, you are then usually passed to an Xorg based Window manager like XFCE, Mate, Ubuntu etc...
Popular display managers are mdm, gdm, lightdm etc... and they all basically do the same thing with a different interface/style and some feature differences.
In Mint for example the normal default display manager is l........
ID3 2.4 can cause various MP3 players, especially on vehicles or even computers, not to play or at least not to display the ID3 tags.
In many cases though, since ID3 2.4 is much different than version 2.3, it will cause some players, especially in cars like Lexus not to play. Even on the computer, you may notice if you check the properties of the MP3 that it won't open or show any details (eg. frequency, bitrate and ID3 tags).
One symptom of this in a vehicle (eg. Leuxs,........
This may be necessary if you have a VM or if for some reason you just want to be more efficient with your space and have the flexibility of changing your swap space at will.
What we mean is the ability to use a "swap file" or similar to the Windows "pagefile" that normally resides on the root or c: partition of Windows.
Here's all you have to do and then you to can have a single partiton with everything, including the swap file on the root partition if you........
The Best Docker Tutorial for Beginners
We quickly explain the basic Docker concepts and show you how to do the most common tasks from starting your first container, to making custom images, a Docker Swarm Cluster Tutorial, docker compose and Docker buildfiles.........
Why choose OpenVPN instead of a firewall appliance?
OpenVPN can be a reliable and easy replacement for traditional hardware or just be an additional tool that your company uses so that the firewall can focus on its job rather than acting as a VPNappliance at the same time.
When comparing OpenVPN with traditional firewal........
For a lot of reasons, it may be convenient to detach or attach live disks to a running VM without having to reboot it. Sure, you can use some network based storage, but when performance counts, attaching a new virtual disk will usually give you better throughput and lower latency in a quick testing situation.
This doesn't work, why not?
drive_add 0 if=virtio,file=/tmp/vm.qcow2,if=virtio,format=qcow2,id=rtt
There aren't too many simple guides that show you how to use commands to setup your USB or other drive as a normal bootable drive where you can easily boot custom kernels or whatever OS you would like.
1. Get the tools we need:
We install "syslinux" for MBR and "syslinux-efi" for EFI and "MBR" as we need a tool that embeds the actual MBR into our USB:
sudo apt install syslinux syslinux-efi mbr........
Usually if you get the grub boot loader and it doesn't show any boot options, it's because grub was not installed correctly and/or the partition that it is supposed to be on has changed or does not exist. It can also happen if you install Linux to one drive, but the boot loader to another by accident, whether EFI or MBR/Legacy mode.
You can normally fix your booting/bootloader/MBR/EFI it by chrooting into your root partition:
Just a quick note and warning is that if you are testing to see if EFIPXE booting works on a VM, MAKE SURE it actually works. For example Iinitially tested using my Distro's QEMU 2.5+dfsg-5ubuntu10.46 and ovmf BIOS firmware (OVMF supports EFI). However, I found on old versions of QEMU (like 2.5), EFIbooting with GRUB NEVER works so it may appear that you have made a mistake when everything is fine when you boot a physi........
One simple flag to configure will create a makefile that statically links all the shared objects and embeds them instead the binary execute. This means as long as you have the same architecture that things should run.
Eg. if you have an old version of Debian with a different version of glibc, then this will solve that problem.
To test that it is really statically linked run ldd:
This normally works but if not use my mencoder solution if the output video does not play past the joined time.
the contents of list.txt need to look like this:
then run ffmpeg
ffmpeg -f concat -i list.txt -c copy CME-2-router-dial-peer-final.mp4
The result is almost instant joining since there is no video processing since we are........
A very common use case is that you don't want to waste time using a video editor that requires you to open it up and manually import the video clip and audio clip, then manually delete the old audio track and import the video and new audio. That's too much work and time since we don't want to go through the hassle.
ffmpeg is our solution, all we have to do is specify 3 variables and we're done!
-i Windows2019-Server-Noaudio.mp4 is our in........
The best way to avoid this problem is to understand how your BIOS is setup to boot.
Often newer machines will default to U(EFI) which is different than the traditional MBR/Legacy mode.
The problem is that this may not be apparent, often a BIOS Boot Menu will show a Legacy Boot Option and EFIOption without defining it.
A good example of this is if your USB is called "Kingston" you may see in your Boot Menu "Kingston" and also "Ubuntu"........
It really seems limited in that it can mainly give you the things you would see on the physical unit such as load etc..
tar -zxvf apcupsd-3.14.14.tar.gz
yum -y install gcc make gperf genisoimage flex bison ncurses ncurses-devel pcre-devel augeas-devel augeas readline-devel
checking for cpio... cpio
checking for gperf... no
configure: error: gperf must be installed
configure: error: Package requirements (augeas >= 1.2.0) were not met:
Requested 'augeas >= 1.2.0' but version of augeas is 1.0.0
yum remove augeas augeas-libs augeas-devel
apt install software-properties-common
apt install python3-pip
apt install python3.7 curl gnupg python3.7-dev git
ln -s /usr/bin/python3.7 /usr/bin/python3
pip3 install numpy keras_preprocessing
curl https://bazel.build/bazel-release.pub.gpg | sudo apt-key add -
echo "deb [arch=amd64] http://storage.googleapis.com/bazel-apt stable jdk1.8" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/bazel........
This is sure simple if you follow the guide but it took a lot of hacking around to make this work on Debian/Ubuntu!
Now before you ask why bother running wine and python, the reason is because Python executables are NOT cross-platform. If you run pyinstaller in Linux, that binary will only run on Linux and the same if you do it in Windows. So it is preferable if you have a single environment that you can create Linux and Windows binaries from rather than running 2 separate........
httpd: Syntax error on line 221 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Syntax error on line 6 of /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf: Cannot load modules/libphp5.so into server: /lib64/libresolv.so.2: symbol __h_errno, version GLIBC_PRIVATE not defined in file libc.so.6 with link time reference
This is usually caused by a mismatch in OpenSSLversion. Interestingly enough a lot of times if it has happened during an update of your system, or after, usually just restarting httpd........
Create your netplan file
If you can print other PDFs but not a particular one it is very likely that the PDF size is A4 (the longer, skinnier Asian paper size) instead of the North American letter size ( 8.5" x 11"). This breaks printing in most cases. Or it may print if you find a program that ignores the size issue.
Here is an example of an A4 being rejected by a printer in Ubuntu Linux via CUPS
Cannot print PDF CUPS Samsung C460:
How To Setup 2 Phones on a Single CME Router and get the GUI going.
How to use Dialpeers with CME with two routers
How to implement call restrictions using COR / Class of Restriction
Getting started, let's enable ephones and DNs we can add a phone with........
Having a network bridge allows you to bridge traffic under multiple devices so they can talk natively without using any special routing, iptables/firewall or other trickery.
To create your bridge you need the bridge-utils package for brctl and if you want to do things like bridge VMs that run on a tap device you will need the uml-utilities which provides "tunctl".
1.) Install the utilities to make our bridge
sudo apt-get i........
You'll have to edit the policy.xml file to fix this:
convert -density 300 output.pdf agreement.jpg
convert.im6: not authorized `output.pdf' @ error/constitute.c/ReadImage/454.
convert.im6: no images defined `agreement.jpg' @ error/convert.c/ConvertImageCommand/3044.
sudo vi /etc/ImageMagick*/policy.xml
policy domain="coder" rights="no........
Install Errors on Version 12:
This error happened on QEMU emulator version 2.11.1 pve-qemu-kvm_2.11.1-5
on Proxmox/Debian but installing on QEMU.12 on Centos 6 did not produce the error.
*Update it is not related to the OS or QEMU version. This happened in Centos 6 too after a second install.
What really causes this even though you successfully install........
It is almost as intuitive as we would like it is just a *.
Complete working bind zonefile below:
@ IN SOA ns.rtt.ca. ns2.rtt.ca. (
The strange thing is that usually the first install or two will work on any new machine but then it suddenly won't. I had this experience on QEMU 2.13 on a different machine. There is something finicky or buggy about the CUCM installer even when choosing the same virtual hardware specs.
QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.1 (qemu-kvm-0.12.1.2-2.506.el6_10.1), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard
DN = Directory Number:
It is basically the extension of the phone
In the example below, 55 is a DN assigned to the phone.........
Perhaps you've just seen this in the bash prompt:
Instead of the expected user@hostname#
It is probably because you are missing .bash_profile or .bashrc in your home directory
Check for yourself:
ls -al ~/|grep -E ".bash_profile|.bashrc"
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root&nbs........
Do you hate how Centos 7 defaults to allocating most of your valuable space to /home even though it is a production server?
Here is a quick guide on how to take back that space live, while online (of course make sure you have backups just in case something goes wrong!):
First we will reduce our home dir by 100G:
lvreduce -L -100G /dev/mapper/centos-home
WARNING: Reducing active and open logical volume to ........
Whether you are at work, at the coffee shop or on the public internet here are some basic but effective rules for iptables that lock things down (eg. no one can SMB or SSH to you or really anything):
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Fri Dec 14 14:00:08 2018
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [160:19844]
:INPUT ACCEPT [4:357]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [2955:182236]
:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [2955:182236]
# Completed on Fri Dec 14........
1.) Create Image using qemu-img
qemu-img create -f qcow2 skype.img 40G
2.) Start VM using flags
-m = memory in MB
qemu-system-x86_64 -m 4096 -drive file=skype.img -cdrom ~/Downloads/SfB-E-9319.0-enUS.ISO
Enable Bridged Networking........
A lot of people just have a -j DROP to drop all unwanted traffic or traffic not explicitly allowed but there is a better solution if you want real and proper logging:
Here is another example of more advanced iptables rules.
Take an example iptables rules file
-A INPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i eth1 -p icmp -j ACCEPT........
PHP Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/pdo_mysql.so' - /usr/lib64/php/modules/pdo_mysql.so: symbol mysql_options, version libmysqlclient_18 not defined in file libmysqlclient.so.18 with link time reference in Unknown on line 0
#not sure what is wrong with php-mysql but I removed it and installed mysqlnd
yum -y remove php-mysql
yum -y install php-mysqlnd........
grep -E servers1[2-6] somefile.txt
The 1 before the [ bracket means that the number must start with one and can be between 1 and [2-6] or in plain English between 12-16.
Usually this is because when you created your user you added a user but didn't create their home directory and/or for some reason your .bashrc and .bash_profile in ~ (home) is broken/missing.
In your home just create the following files with the following content to solve it:
.bashrc and .bash_profile.
To apply it just relogin/start a new bash session
# Get the aliases and funct........
Error reading from database
More information about this error
It is usually not possible to recover from errors triggered during installation, you may need to create a new database or use a different database prefix if you want to retry the installation.
This happened when I was running MySQL 5.1. Assuming your database details are right and the DB is up then make sure you are usin........
PHP Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so' - /usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so: undefined symbol: GeoIP_country_code_by_name_v6 in Unknown on line 0
Comment out the .so like so:
service httpd restart........
yes it does create its own json
cat /tmp/vcsaUiInstaller/ovftool-20180809-175238948-20180809-175603497.log |grep -i json
2018-08-09T17:56:04.238-07:00 verbose OVFTool [Originator@6876 sub=Default] Manifest file entry: SHA1(VMware-vCenter-Server-Appliance-126.96.36.19900-8832884_OVF10-file1.json) = 1deb658c724767697587d5909c4051c01813e6a1
Server Side Config
1.) First install nfs-utils
yum -y install nfs-utils
2.) Configure nfs share
Create a directory for your NFS share
Create your NFS share in /etc/exports
echo "/datastore 10.220.101.0/24(rw,sync,no_root_squash)" >> /etc/exports
systemctl restart nfs........
#mount the VCSA DVD
mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd
#alternatively you could mount the iso directly
mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path
#for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux
#no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file
Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
The main issue is it looks like Java is not configured to accept the invalid ssl cert that is coming from the download location.
Exception in thread "main" java.lang.RuntimeException: javax.net.ssl.SSLException: java.security.ProviderException: java.security.InvalidKeyException: EC parameters error
It looks like this has something to do with APIC but I am not sure. I have similar CPUs with a different MB and BIOS that work fine on the same type of kernel. A lot of time the issue is because of the C-step setting in the BIOS.
The same thing happened on the 2.6 kernel with Centos 6 but this is a homebrew 4.4 kernel soI am not sure why it is happening when even Centos 7 (3.2) kernel works OK.
Solution - It comes down to the BIOS set........
Some of the cheaper or newer SSL suppliers will require this to work properly (otherwise you may be prompted that the cert is invalid when it's not the case but it will certainly scare off your users!).
In the Apache vhost conf for the domain here is what you add:
Here is a full example of an SSL Vhost config in Apache using a CA Certificate file
Centos 6 requires GLIBC 2.12 however a lot of new programs you would want to compile may need a newer glibc. You can't remove the old glibc since the whole OS is based on it but you can install the updated glibc alongside it and do an export pointing to your updated GLIBC.
mkdir ~/glibc_install; cd ~/glibc_install
PHP Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so' - /usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so: undefined symbol: GeoIP_country_code_by_name_v6 in Unknown on line 0
Remove the GEOIP from PHP:
PHP Fatal error: PHP Startup: apc_shm_create: shmget(0, 67108864, 914) failed: Invalid argument. It is possible that the........
Stopping httpd: [ OK ]
Starting httpd: httpd: Syntax error on line 221 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Syntax error on line 6 of /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf: Cannot load /etc/httpd/modules/libphp5.so into server: /etc/h........
This just simply outputs what you need a username and password that can be used to authenticate from .htaccess
htpasswd -nb user password
If you want to write it straight to a file
htpasswd -cb /tmp/somefile.pw user password
How To Use This In .htaccess
yum -y install samba
mkdir syslinux;cd syslinux;unzip syslinux-6.03.zip
mkdir -p /tftpboot/libs/
cp bios/com32/modules/linux.c32 /tftpboot/libs/
cp bios/com32/libutil/libutil.c32 /tftpboot/libs/
cp bios/com32/lib/libcom32.c32 /tftpboot/libs/
#add lib path
echo "PATH libs" >> /tftpboot/pxeli........
tftp: client does not accept options
I spent the good portion of a late evening on this double checking settings that I know always worked right for tftp!
This error can also happen if you are trying to boot PXE in UEFImode. Enter your BIOS and change it to "Legacy PXE" or non-UEFI PXE mode and you'll be good to go!........
This through me for a loop when I would do a cp -rf or mv -f nothing would get overwritten even if piping y or yes to the command.
Type alias and you'll see why:
alias cp='cp -i'
alias l.='ls -d .* --color=auto'
alias ll='ls -l --color=auto'
alias ls='ls --color=auto'
alias mv='mv -i'
alias rm='rm -i'
The -i is a safeguard against messing things up but however does mess things up worse when you know what........
First of all check to see which version if any you have available for a downgrade:
apt-cache showpkg packagename
Downgrade/Install old package:
apt-get install package=version
apt-cache showpkg caja
1.10.3-1+rafaela (/var/lib/apt/lists/packages.linuxmint.com_dists_rafaela_import_binary-amd64_Packages) (/var/........
When things go wrong your video is basically unplayable or the first video plays fine and then freezes when moving on to the next. Generally if both videos weren't produced with the exact 100% same settings you will have issues. You can try the basic concat but it often won't work right.
Solution for me:
My example uses 3 videos in total so "n=3" and a=1 to include audio.
ffmpeg -threads 12 -i file1.mp4 -........
I believe from what I've read that this card's driver doesn't support the features after trying all known troubleshooting methods.
ffmpeg -i uservideoRendered.mp4 -filter:v hwupload_cuda,scale_npp=w=1920:h=1080:format=nv12:interp_algo=lanczos,hwdownload -c:v hevc_nvenc -profile main -preset slow -rc vbr_hq -c:a copy uservideoRendered.mp4-test
ffmpeg -i uservideoRendered.mp4 -filter:v hwupload_cuda,scale_npp=w=1920:h=1080:format=nv12:interp_algo=lanczos,hwdownload........
#if you have nvidia make sure you install the nvidia-cuda-toolkit so hardware acceleration can be used
tar -jxvf ffmpeg-3.3.2.tar.bz2
install prefix /usr/local
source path ........
Done on Centos 7.3 very important as clearly based on older guides it was a lot easier and more simpler! Hint do not use grub2-install!
If you have trouble booting after this check this CentOS mdadm RAID booting/fixing guide.
One huge caveat if you are an oldschool user or sysadmin who has avoided UEFIbooting
I am using a GTX 1060 but replace the download for the driver with the correct/current version for your particular card by visiting: http://www.nvidia.com/Download/index.aspx?lang=en-us
yum install automake curl openssl-devel libcurl-devel gcc gcc-c++
yum -y install kernel-devel-`uname -r`
yum -y install unzip
There are usually two reasons for this.
#1 The most common is that you need to enable the -r (recursive) flag with zip to make it recurse into directories.
So the solution is to use -r
zip -r somefile.zip yourfiles
#2 If you are using bash scripting based on ls without the full path or for some other reason the full path is missing, zip looks for the files in the current directory so this will always fail.........
tar -xvJf somefile.tar.xz
It is very annoying that so many are now using the .xz archive format as standard instead of .tar.gz but nevertheless above is how you would extract it with the "J" flag (not lower case j as that is for bz).........
This is especially helpful if you run your own servers. If you are presented with an error message or warning that the signature has changed or does not match the IP/domain you are connecting to you always want to verify manually.
So your e-mail/web client will show you an SHA-1 fingerprint like this:
"Could not verify this certificate because the issuer is unkown" or other reasons such as a mismatch in IP/domain.
It will also show you........
At first my BIOS said the card may not work right because there is no more option ROM space.
I disabled the Option ROM for both LSI 1068 and 2008 chipsets, Network Boot ROM and most other PCI slots, Serial Port, etc... and the message went away but the card still does not work properly.
But it still cannot initialize the card properly(does not work):
[ 33.943272] NVRM: This PCI I/O region assigned to your NVIDIA device is invalid:........
Download from here http://www.avagotech.com/products/server-storage/host-bus-adapters/sas-9200-8e#downloads
sudo Installer_P20_for_Linux/sas2flash_linux_i686_x86-64_rel/sas2flash -listall
LSI Corporation SAS2 Flash Utility
Version 20.00.00.00 (2014.09.18)
Copyright (c) 2008-2014 LSI Corporation. All rights reserved
Iwill start by saying I think I know what caused this boot-time error on Linux Mint but should also apply to Debian and Ubuntu.
I changed my BIOS time to several hours in the past to match the current time, but this caused Linux to think there were incorrect filesystem times.
The problem is that it seems when you hit this I am not sure what is happening, it doesn't seem to be doing fsck and hangs without prompting the user.
What I have found is that........
This is useful in the case you are not properly logged in via an OpenVZ session or even a normal SSH session that you fear may go down(if the connection is broken the history is not saved).
Save your bash_history like this:
history -w ~/.bash_history
You can always change the above to another file eg /tm........
yum -y install dvdauthor ffmpeg mjpegtools sox bc
rpm -ivh dvd-slideshow-0.8.4-2.noarch.rpm
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:dvd-slideshow ########################################### [100%]
/usr/bin/dir2slideshow: line 553: bc: command not f........
It is very simple and like this to test for the existence of file using bash scripting:
if [ -f /etc/somefile ]; then
echo "yes it exists"
libguestfs tools howto guide for managing virtual machine images.
libguestfs-tools aka guestfs tools has a lot of tools that make this very easy for you. You can easily mount partitons from an image with some of the commands below.
To mount a partition
#mount the kvmuser102821.img image and the /dev/sda1 partition from it to the local directory "mount"
guestmount -a kvmuser102821.img -m /dev/sda1 mount
CPanel says you can access 98% of the functions through CLI which experienced Unix/Linux admins prefer for simplicity and for scripting. I've never found CPanel easy to use from the admin panel, it seems everything is hard to find and a simple task becomes a series of hunts.
So for people like me here's the list: http://cpanel.net/system-administrators/command-line-scrip........
c1: warnings being treated as errors
stonith_signal.h:34: error: 'stonith_signal_set_simple_handler' defined but not used
gmake: *** [apcmaster.lo] Error 1
gmake: Leaving directory `/root/rpmbuild/BUILD/heartbeat-1.2.4/lib/plugins/stonith'
gmake: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
gmake: Leaving directory `/root/rpmbuild/BUILD/heartbeat-1.2.4/lib/plugins'
gmake: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
gmake: Leaving directory `/root/rpmbuild/BUI........
fdisk unfortunately can't do this and I'm not sure if there's any updated version that handles it but parted can do it.
Here's an example of how to do it:
parted /dev/sda print
1 17.4kB 1024MB 1024MB ntfs primary
2 1024MB 16144MB 15120MB ntfs primary
/dev/sda1 would be the first partiton
/dev/sda2 would be the second partition
You can then just access them like any other normal partition.........
./configure: line 91: cd: /lib/modules/2.6.32-042stab084.25/build: No such file or directory
Error: kernel version not found.
Please make sure your kernel is configured.
dr-xr-xr-x. 4 root root 4096 Feb 21 06:13 ..
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 45 Feb 21 06:13 build -> ../../../usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-042stab084.25
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Feb 12 20........
root@hkhosting [/]# service httpd start
Starting httpd: Syntax error on line 2 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf:
Invalid command 'Alias', perhaps misspelled or defined by a module not included in the server configuration
Movie-Aspect is undefined - no prescaling applied.
videocodec: libavcodec (720x1280 fourcc=34504d46 [FMP4])
[mpeg4 @ 0x2c91c00] timebase not supported by mpeg 4 standard
Could not open codec.
FATAL: Cannot initialize video driver.
That is the error I would get, I thought it was a codec error something else. By fluke Isaw something about ffmpeg where someone recommended manually telling it to the "fps" and it worked.........
yum -y install fail2ban
enabled = true
filter = asterisk
action = iptables-multiport[name=asterisk-tcp, port="5060,5061", protocol=tcp]
sendmail-whois[name=Asterisk, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org]
logpath = /var/log/asterisk/messages
./configure: cannot locate gcc 3.x. please install it or specify with --qemu-cc
yum -y install gcc make
./configure: cannot locate gcc 3.x. please install it or specify with --qemu-cc
yum -y install compat-gcc-*
Error: Could not find alsa
Make sure to have the alsa libs and headers installed.
yum -y install alsa-lib-devel
/scripts/phpextensionmgr install PHPSuHosin
Updating md5sum list
Fetching http://httpupdate.cpanel.net/cpanelsync/easy/targz.yaml (connected:0).......(request attempt 1/12)...Resolving httpupdate.cpanel.net...(resolve attempt 1/65)...
Fetching http://httpupdate.cpanel.net/mirror_addr_list (connected:0).......(request attempt 1/3)......connecting to 188.8.131.52...@184.108.40.206......connected......receiving...100%......request success......Done........
The solution is strange but simple and works each time on Centos:
yum downgrade libtorrent........
Jul 11 15:20:58 tor sendmail: r6AKjOD07: to=
mailserver.com was the hostname of the server, sendmail sends this by default and many mailservers will reject mail to a hostname that does not resolve or exist.
The easiest way is just to change the hostname and make sure it does resolve to something.
I read there is a way in sendmail.mc to manually set a hostname but I never got it working:
This may sound silly but there will be conflicts/issues with the default Centos repository so you have to use a third party like remi (I prefer not to do this but it's the only option unless you migrate your sites/data to another server or can stand some downtime-not an option IMHOon a production server).
You may need to upgrade to PHP5.3 to run Joomla or many other reasons.
Your host needs to use PHP 5.2.4 or higher to run this version of Jo........
Disk /dev/sda: 320.0 GB, 320072933376 bytes
256 heads, 63 sectors/track, 38761 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16128 * 512 = 8257536 bytes
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 1 38........
So you've just purchased your SSL cert, renewed it and installed it or maybe you've had it installed and working fine all the time with all other browsers but you've upgraded to a recent version of Firefox and suddenly get the warning "Error code: sec_error_unknown_issuer" error.
This is terrible since if you bought an SSL cert, you are most likely using it for trust purposes for your business and obviously that message will scare away most potential customers.........
I experienced this with CPanel's Exim after an auto-update (a Google of this error produces lots of complaints with few clear solutions). In this case I'll put the solution at the top.
Run /scripts/buildeximconf to rebuild the Exim config and it should be fine after that.
mail -vs "from test" email@example.com < .bash_history
cwd=/root 4 args: send-mail -i -v firstname.lastname@example.org
It may be hard to find by Googling by it's really quite simple and quicker than reading dozens of man page entries.
sed -n 5p somefile.txt
Just replace the 5 with whatever line you want to be printed.........
You need to enable the httpd daemon with monit to actually view the status and control, it's not only for the web interface since the httpd is theONLY way of controlling monit and viewing the status.
monit monitor all will also reinstate disabled services if they've timed out too much. Just restarting the service will do nothing to re-monitor a service that monit has stopped monitoring due to too many failures.
*Also note that /etc/monit.conf i........
There are all kinds of threads and links on the internet, and this seems to be a contentious issue butI don't know why.
95th percentile is either a good deal for some or a big rip off for others, Ijust said it there :)
But the reality is that for MOST people who transfer low amounts of data but burst to higher speeds such as 40mbit+ even for short periods of time, then you'll pay a lot of money to do that.
Basically 95th percentile is an-old archaic method........
Many people aren't aware but recently Dual-Master Replication setups have become increasingly popular. That's because you get similar features and benefits of having a full-blown cluster (difficult to setup and maintain and requires I believe 3 servers just as controllers).
With a dual-master you just have a different off-set for the keys and you should be good, but of course there is the chance that at some point replication will halt because of an unexpected or unforseen error........
genuine.com/IN: loading master file genuine.com.zone: file not found
_default/genuine.com/IN: file not found
I always found it silly that no one really talks about this and apparently many like me and even control panels like Plesk were still using hard paths. I always thought "why can't I just specify the name of the zone file and have bind find it". Surely the default search path must be /var/named or somewhere else but there is no such thing.........
PHP Fatal error: Call to undefined function mysql_connect()
yum install php-*........
Webmin Setup Centos 5:
[root@host ~]# --2011-01-06 21:48:20-- http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/webadmin/webmin/1.530/webmin-1.530-1.noarch.rpm?r=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmin.com%2Fstandard.html
Resolving downloads.sourceforge.net... 216.34.181.........
I've only used it on Centos, soI thought I'd make a quick Debian guide:
Install the DRBD Package
apt-get install drbd8-utils
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them.
This error is annoying, in a Virtuozzo KB entry about this ip tables nat problem they say the kernel needs to be ugpraded:
The node runs 2.6.18-x kernel older than 2.6.18-028stab053.10.
NAT module does not work in container, you get "can't initialize iptables table 'nat'" error:
# iptables -t nat........
This is a great way to use your ftp server space, for example on your web hosting account (althoughI believe many hosts don't allow storage like this), but if you have a VPS/Dedicated Server etc.., this would be perfect. Imagine how easy it is to work with an ftp account that you can just mount as a normal partition or directory in Linux, it would be great for backups etc..
curlftpfs - mount a ftp host as a local directory
This function and others may not work with the stock PHPinstall on Centos/CPanel: Fatal error: Call to > undefined function imagecreatefromjpeg()
Even with libjpeg-devel installed it won't work because PHP was not compiled with jpeg support, so we have to do the dirty work ourselves :)
Here is the command/yum's I did to install missing libraries for PHP that configure will complain about (yes it is a one by one process).
yum install bzip2-........
I have no idea why but mkfs.ext3 defaults to a patheticlly small blocksize of 1024 bytes/1KB (kilobyte). That means the maximum filesize is ONLY 16GB! With 2KB/2048 bytes you get a 256 GB maximum filesize, and with 4KB/4096 bytes you get 2TB!
I finally noticed/paid attention to this after realizing that with rsync and scp that no file larger than 17GB could be transferred. I then realized it must be a file size limit on the partition.
Here is what tune2fs tol........
I'm really starting to love ImageMagick, I've used it to mass convert/resize family photos with scripts and all kinds of handy things.
Today I just learned that you can create PDF files with it too, say if you have images scanned or anything else it's very simple:
convert *.jpeg output.pdf
You can replace jpg with whatever format your files are in. One thing to remember is that you can specify the order that the images/pages are added to the PDF manu........
It's basically free bash shell script available from: http://wpkg.org/email2fax/index.php/Main_Page
Make sure you have the required tools:
Where you can e-mail your Asterisk box and it will fax it to the phone number in the subject line. The good news ends there, it is fairly undocumented and buggy.
Take for example how the documentation mentions you can invoke from the com........
The folder I was trying to archive is about 72GB, but much like rsync at about 17GB it chokes because of the filesize. What's with so many common and essential Linux tools having such limitations? I guess it is likely that the authors never wrote their code with the idea that files would be so large but it's still very annoying. It's important to stay on top of these limitations on production servers because I didn't realize what happened until I checked the file with "........
[code:1:4be190f44a]Package = OrderForm.package.options[OrderForm.package.selectedIndex].value;[/code:1:4be190f44a]
OrderForm = Name of HTML form the SELECT is inside
package = Name of SELECT element eg.
I've integrated this into my design and I got an error saying the Form Name i........
$somevariable = ........
locate: command not found (slocate database needed)For some versions especially older ones like 3.x they might not have the "slocate" database.
Meaning a "locate somefile" command doesn't work.
Just install "slocate"
[code:1:d6d717421c]yum install slocate[/code:1:d6d717421c]
And you're good to go :)........
PHP imagecreate() not found but compiled with GDHere is what I get:
Fatal error: Call to undefined function: imagejpeg() in image.php on line 56
I am positive it is compiled with GD so I don't get the errorI need to install the linux-jpeg package
I need to recompil........
CVSUp the Easy WayIf you're reading this you probably have never used CVSUp or don't know how.
CVSUp can be used for two things or just one if you prefer.
*Keeping your kernel up to date
*Keeping your port list up to date
Start by editing the following file in:
It can be quite overwhelming with all the crazy options.
Basically there are only 3........
Other Security Web SitesSeveral websites actively track security issues. This list provides you with the major providers
of security information on the Web. Many of these organizations also provide newsletters and
mailings to announce changes or security threats:
Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security (CERIAS)
CERIAS is an industry-sponsored center at Purdue University that is focused on technology and
*This is a bug with initramfs support, all kernels after around 220.127.116.11 suffer from this problem.
If you try to include initramfs into your kernel (I mean actually building your binaries into the kernel) this will always happen. Obviously some code has changed in recent kernels that is present in all new kernels, it makes it impossible to boot
I've tried the latest 2.6.32, 2.6.33, 2.6.34, 2.6.35, 2.6.36, 2.6.37, 2.6.38 kernels and they all do this. I found one bug re........
Shortcut/Easiest Way To Create A Self-Signed Key:
openssl req -new -x509 -nodes -days 1530 -out server.crt -keyout server.key
Using the above, you instantly create a self-signed certificate valid for 1530 days and you can simply skip to step #5.) below.
If You Need a Real SSLCertificate (eg. Equifax/Openssl) then you need to create a CSR request (you'll need to follow Steps 1.) and 2.) in order to create the CSR. You then upload the CSR Certi........
I've tried to find a good sensible solution to cluster with and each technology has it's pros and cons and there is no perfect solution and I've found a lot of "exaggerations" in the applications, benefits and performance of these different filesystems.
I first started off with DRBD and Ihave to say it does live up to the hype, is quite reliable (although it can be annoying to match up the kernel module and user applications since they must match and whe........
Truly, the only way to unleash the capabilities and customization abilities of iPhone are to jailbreak, it's not just for hackers anymore.
A few days ago someone by the named of "geohot" released a single click application called "purplera1n", which does the entire operation smoothly and seamlessly.
In our case, the first time it went as far as "done, wait for reboot" on our Windows machine and for minutes we waited and saw the pic on the iPhone w........
This is the Intel Atom 330 motherboard with integrated Realtek Gigabit NIC (Intel Desktop Board D945GCLF2 Motherboard W/ Atom 330 1.6 GHz Dual Core Processor - Mini-ITX)
I cannot achieve more than 15 MB/s, even doing a local transfer through eth0 to it's own IP.
100% 95MB 15.9MB/s 00:06
So this is not a cabling, switch or hardware issue, it seems like a driver or chipset limitation problem.
Here is my........
Igot this after copying a VMWare image onto another machine in Debian.
SIOCSIFADDR No such device eth0 error while getting interface flags
1.) Find and edit the device line in persisent-net.rules note it will be prefixed with something like z25 or something else.
The easiest way is to comment anything out.
If you are feeling........
User username from 127.0.0.1 not allowed because not listed in AllowUsers
What's going on? The user was created properly, it has been defined as having a shell entry and the entry for /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow is set just fine.
This is a new and very smart/secure feature of SSHD. It is simple and yet effective, but also very annoying if you didn't know about it being implemented and that hand editing of /etc/ssh/sshd_config is required to allow a newly add........
Feb 5 01:39:33 server named: zone myzone.com/IN: serial number (12331465) received from master 127.0.0.2#53 < ours (200901281)
The above is taken from /var/log/messages
This can be annoying, it can happen for a variety of reasons. What seems to be happening here is that the slave realizes the time on the slave is ahead of the master, so it therefore assumes it has the most up to date copy and won't actually transfer the zone.