SSH helps keep us secure in many ways, one of those is the host-key fingerprint which is unique. If you have been connecting to an SSH server that you've made no changes to and suddenly ssh warns that the key doesn't match then you have a problem.
But how about connecting to an existing server for the first time on a new machine or client?
A lot of new clients calculate it using an SHA256 hash but it is not as easy on your host machine to produce the sam........
This is a common issue that I haven't seen many answers for on the internet. When you are using Linux as your host machine and you are connecting to another Linux machine over VNC you CANNOT use Ctrl+Alt+F1 to change virtual consoles as it sends the keys to your actual local machine.
In many versions of Linux you can cycle through virtual terminals including over VNC using this:
Alt + Left Arrow or Alt + Right Arrow
This may sound silly but often on the same machine multiple versions of SQL may be installed due to other applications.
How do we know which one we are running and connected to?
Use the query:
checking whether autoconf works... ../configure: line 5377: 7325 Segmentation fault $AUTOCONF $ACFLAGS configure.in > /dev/null 2>&1
*** These critical programs are missing or too old: gawk
*** Check the INSTALL file for required versions.
INQUIRY: [ASUS ][BW-16D1HT ][3.00]
GET [CURRENT] CONFIGURATION:
Mounted Media: 11h, DVD-R Sequential
Media ID: RITEKF1&n........
I had this error in an unsupported CPUon VMWare 6.7 and apparently this sometimes works especially on older VMWare versions like 6.5 5.5 etc (but in my case it did not).
To make sure it proceed when you see "Loading VMWare"
Then add "ignoreHeadless=TRUE"
See an example below:........
#mount the VCSA DVD
mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd
#alternatively you could mount the iso directly
mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path
#for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux
#no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file
Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
Starting with newer versions of OpenVPN Ibelieve 2.2+ you need to have "script-security 3" set or you can't execute a third party script.
Prior to that you could also use the auth-user-pass-verify like this:
auth-user-pass-verify ./validate.pl "$username $password $ip" via-env
Options error: the --auth-user-pass-verify directive should have at most 2 parameters. To pass a list of arguments as one of the paramete........
Centos when copying old files and restarting it seems load everything fine and then says [FAILED] with no log or other message.
service restart named
Check more thoroughly you may have missed the error if you have lots of zones!
service named restart|grep error
zone 1.168.192.in-addr.arpa/IN: not loaded due to errors.
zone 2.168.192.in-addr.arpa/IN: no........
In xplayer Iget the following error "Could not initialize supporting library.". It actually looks more like a gstreamer issue.
For those wondering what the default video player is called it is "xvid" and not "totem" anymore like previous versions.
Basically it looks like some codecs are missing when I uninstalled another program it uninstalled other programs and codecs that it shouldn't have.
I've tried installing all the gstre........
pcimodules no longer works it produces nothing probably because the format of /sys/bus/pci is different.
lspci -k doesn't work on older lspci versions.
pciutils can be compiled but it won't work if you have an old system and compile on a newer glibc.
iteriate through /sys/bus/pci/devices/*/modalias
First of all check to see which version if any you have available for a downgrade:
apt-cache showpkg packagename
Downgrade/Install old package:
apt-get install package=version
apt-cache showpkg caja
1.10.3-1+rafaela (/var/lib/apt/lists/packages.linuxmint.com_dists_rafaela_import_binary-amd64_Packages) (/var/........
These errors believe it or not are simply because of not being the root user or running with sudo! However if you didn't know to try as root you'd think there was a problem with your burner or disc Essentially it looks like without root you cannot send the required scsi commands to continue writing. Ithink cdrecord should have built-in tests or safeguards to see if it has the permissions to run the required commands.
I guess for more advanced users the idea is simila........
*Update so this doesn't work it must be something to do with the path of nfs or something else but the installer fails with "Installer crashed" at the end whereas with the CD/USB it works.
This assumes you've already installed and configured a separate PXE/DHCP server somewhere else and your /tftpboot directory is setup.
This is for Linux Mint 18.1 but generally applies to most versions although you may have tro change things like "casper"........
yum -y install --skip-broken package-you-want-to-install
Packages skipped because of dependency problems:
php56w-mysql-5.6.30-1.w6.x86_64 from webtatic
Error: Multilib version problems found. This often means that the root
cause is something else and multilib version checking is just
pointing out that there is........
[17925926.174277] block drbd0: Handshake successful: Agreed network protocol version 96
[17925926.174325] block drbd0: conn( WFConnection -> WFReportParams )
[17925926.174342] block drbd0: Starting asender thread (from drbd0_receiver )
[17925926.174432] block drbd0: data-integrity-alg:
[17925926.174581] block drbd0: drbd_sync_handshake:
[17925926.174586] block drbd0: self 2AAE66AF9252D6DB:2815BF........
Tired of checking iotop and seeing that your drbd partition is using 99.99% of io all the time and finding your drbd device performs slow in general?
This is especially an issue in versions of DRBD in the 8.3 tree in particular one documented case is on "8.3.13" but it likely applies to other devices.
The symptoms are that resyncing is fine and normal but any reasonable amount of activity is very slow and lagged and creates a high server load and con........
Stopping httpd: [FAILED]
Starting httpd: httpd: Syntax error on line 73 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Cannot load /etc/httpd/modules/mod_file_cache.so into server: /etc/httpd/modules/mod_file_cache.so: cannot open shared obje........
1.) Flash directly to this file:
*I was never able to get the larger "Mega" file to work, at least not initially so I recommend the file above.
To enable 5ghz I had to do the "Clear NVRAM" Option before it was shown.
2.) Or if you don't need 5ghz (most devices do not support it and cannot........
It seems every other updated version of Java or Icedtea breaks things and I will save the frustration of Java for another post.
*If you get the icedteaweb window but nothing loads or prompts it is probably your security settings that won't even prompt to run it. See this article to solve that problem.
To fix this error you need to edit the java.security file m........
It sounds like this is corrected in later versions of the OpenVZ kernel but Iam not sure, it may also be that a much newer kernel is needed and Centos may not have a recent enough kernel.
*Debain 7.0 however does work fine as a temporary fix or work around.
Debian 8 OpenVZ no IP and networking not working:
lo Link encap:Local Loopback
It looks like newer versions of Centos no longer have encfs so you have to compile it, only it does not work and fails so those wanting encfs should probably use any other OS which supports it better.........
Are you getting the same old error message even though your iptables settings for OpenVZ are correct?
iptables v1.3.5: can't initialize iptables table `nat': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?)
Perhaps iptables or your kernel needs to be upgraded.
The reason is because in newer vzctl the old way of setting IPTABLES="" in vz.conf is completely deprecated (I spent some time fiddling wondering why my settings were correct but........
You need to use the Samsung driver but specify it as a CLP-360 (this is what I used for my CLP365) and incidentally most of these units look identical on the outside on inside (I've been buying whatever the latest C300 and now 400 unit for years which all seem the same with slightly different features that I never use).
Once again try specifying earlier models and revisions if the printer doesn't print (it will say it's been sent to the printer bu........
Unable to mount iPad 4
Unhandled Lockdown error (-4)
This is because you need the libimobiledevice-utils package installed and a newer version of it.
My older Ubuntu 10.10 uses a version that does not have "idevicepair" which seems to work perfectly and automatically with newer versions of the library.
Basically if you install the above library it should be plug and play and if your imobiledevice-utils doesn't have 'idevice........
This error seems to happen randomly and especially when trying to send e-mails. Apparently it's a long-standing GNome bug but is also partially the default of Thunderbird depending on who you ask. There is no known fix that I'm aware of except to upgrade gnome and the gvfs package but this is not an option for older versions/distributions.
An error occurred while loading or saving configuration information for thunderbird. Some of your configuration settings may not........
This is what fixed it:
[root@box13 ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/md160 bs=512 count=500
Basically you need to wipe out more than just the 512 byte partition table so 512 bytes * 500 is more than enough to make DRBD happy and think the partition is now empty.
The reason this happens is because it gets confused when there is a previous partition with data on the device you are using.
root@box13 ~]# d........
OpenVZ has made vzctl version 4.7 default to using ploop which is a big annoyance. No one wants it otherwise we'd use Xen or KVM.
Make sure to manually specify vzctl 4.6.1 or you will have issues with old scripts breaking since it defaults to using ploop (a single image like Xen/KVM).
Here's a list to old versions of vzctl.........
I was having an issue with only certain random/jpeg files with the functions imagecreatefromjpeg imagecreatetruecolor and other related ones.
This issue was annoying basically it seems like a libgd issue/bug with newer versions of PHP and it was difficult to trace-out. One very useful thing that helped me was using "php-cgi" and passing the query string as an argument eg:
php-cgi images.php source=IMG.jpg (that way you get all the error messages wh........
I've got one of these for testing projects from work at home and got more than I bargained for with the time I've spent on it due to the storage handing/Perc 6/i cards.
My particular model came with the following:
2U Rack Mount Server with Rails
2xOpteron 2373 EE (Quad Core, there is a 6-core version that can be found at times)
2 x 250GB Seagate SATA
2 x Dell Perc 6/i (horrible and a nightmare to work........
Here is a quick script that works on most Centos versions to disable the virus/SELinux from blocking basic functionality.
The first echo 0 statement disables SELinux instantly but it will still be enabled on reboot.
The second line disables it permanently.
#disable SELinux Immediately
echo 0 > /selinux/enforce
#disable SELinux Permanently
sed -i 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config........
mdadm --manage /dev/md1 --add /dev/sdb1
mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored.
mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored.
mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored.
mdadm: /dev/sdb1 not large enough to join array
md1's first primary member /dev/sda3 has 57394 cylinders while the /dev/sdb1 has 57393 (1 less cylinder) which is why it won't work.
fdisk -l /dev/sda3
Disk /dev/sda3: 47........
This was very annoying but has a simple fix, I had an echo and the voice quality was absolutely horrible (it sounded like tin cans under water) if that helps describe it. It was extremely distorted.
The simple Skype sound quality solution
Go to "Options" -> "Sound Devices"
Disable the "Allow Skype to automatically set my mixer levels"
After doing this the sound qua........
I really am a Linux fan but my comments here may not show it. Although I'm quite familiar with Linux CLI to administer servers, I find Linux GUI OS's like Ubuntu at times very clunky.
This is partially because there's no such thing as a "self-made" Linux from scratch where the UIwas designed by a single team. Linux is made up of several different projects that are generally completely separate and this lack of integratiion is a key issue that makes things f........
It really is as simple as:
cdrecord -v dev=/dev/sr0 pathtoyourisoimage.iso
-v is for verbose, I prefer it but if you don't you won't see as much output like below (I like to know the details and exactly what's happening)
dev=/dev/sr0 specifies the device name of your burner (they say not to use it and to specify some weird annoying device string but using the raw /dev has always worked for me and is how it should have been implemented from the start IMHO)........
Even in new versions of Ubuntu this happens but for me I found out it was because of one feature under "Power Management".
I had "Spindown hard disks when possible" ticked, after disabling that, my computer wakes up from suspension every time now. So if your computer won't unsuspend with any version of Ubuntu/*Nix try disabling the spin down hard disk option as it's obviously the culprit for many situations.........
This assumes that you've at least created the correct partition for your DRBD already.
Notice that I am "diskless", that's because either your DRBD partition doesn't exist/has been renamed (eg. sdb becomes sda when sdb dies and you reboot) or because that drive is really actually dead/gone.
*If you need to permanently change the partition/device for your resource be sure to edit /etc/drbd.conf on both hosts and reload the config.
(replace r0 with........
genuine.com/IN: loading master file genuine.com.zone: file not found
_default/genuine.com/IN: file not found
I always found it silly that no one really talks about this and apparently many like me and even control panels like Plesk were still using hard paths. I always thought "why can't I just specify the name of the zone file and have bind find it". Surely the default search path must be /var/named or somewhere else but there is no such thing.........
mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored.
This happens with various versions of older mdadm such as mdadm - v22.214.171.124 - 15th October 2008
It is all because an extra 0 in 00.90 in /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf that it doesn't like (it doesn't seem to cause any problem except that message though):
Solution - Edit your /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf and change 00.90 to 0.90 in your arrays:
ARRAY /dev/md3 level=raid1 num-devices=2 metadata=0.90 UUID=f41a4644:6b2a05f........
Refusing to automatically import keys when running unattended.
Use "-y" to override.
When using echo y|yum install gcc
Fix with rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY*........
The solution is simple but it's a wonder why VBOX doesn't address it directly?
Perhaps newer versions will but you have to add your user to the "vboxusers" group and then login and logout and you'll see the devices you wanted but couldn't access are now available.
The weird thing is that the grayed out issue doesn't happen with all devcies but one notable thing is the Apple iPhone especially in DFU or Recovery Mode which is an big issue for some people.........
I couldn't figure out whyI couldn't install a simple package. This is what's annoying about cutting edge Debian distros, yes we know you support each license on average for 1-2 years but why take down the supporting binary packages and basically disable the older versions?
sudo apt-get install update
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
E: Couldn't find p........
Initializing quota ...
Error: Not enough parameters, diskinodes quota not set
vzctl set $veid --diskinodes 90000:91000 --save
New versions of OpenVZ seem to have some strange diskinodes parameter which is required.........
I finally decided to look into some utils that did this, and the first one I found is "mp3burn". It is unbelievable simple and perfect. *2017-11 update and mp3burn is still available in standard repos such as Ubuntu 14/16 so this is a current and working project.
Just install the package and it gets all required libraries to convert and then burn's on the fly. And you won't believe how simple it is.
I just want to a directory that had the MP3's I wanted t........
This is a great way to use your ftp server space, for example on your web hosting account (althoughI believe many hosts don't allow storage like this), but if you have a VPS/Dedicated Server etc.., this would be perfect. Imagine how easy it is to work with an ftp account that you can just mount as a normal partition or directory in Linux, it would be great for backups etc..
curlftpfs - mount a ftp host as a local directory
Why would you want to downgrade the superblock? Old mdadm verisons like mdadm 2.5.6 only use the 0.90 superblock/metadata and new versions use 1,1.0,1.1 and 1.2 superblocks by default.
There are some annoying caveats with this, first of all the new superblocks (later than 0.90) CANNOT be read by GRUB, so you won't even be able to install GRUB. Even worse, old versions of mdadm CANNOT automatically detect arrays even if they were created with a new version of mdadm with th........
I successfully created a single RAID 1 partition which includes /boot inside it and my root directory through the Debian installer. It said GRUB installed successfully but when I try booting the OS it seems GRUB can't read anything.
When trying to boot from GRUB
GRUB Loading stage 1.5.
GRUB loading, please wait...
I get "Error 2" when trying to boot Debian. I also notice from a LiveCD that........
It's not just as simple as running the chroot command, you need to ensure the /proc and /dev entries are passed through and populated to the chroot environment.
Step 1 - Mount Your Off-lineOS
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt
Step 2 - Mount Proc
mount -t proc none /mnt/proc
Step 3 - Mount Dev
Most guides will tell you to use this: mount -o bind /dev /mnt//dev but that doesn't work for some reason in many cases:
It's very common to have multiple GCC versions for different reasons, as annoying as it is. Some newer/older programs only compile properly or at all on specific versions.
You can export the following variable CC:
Replace gcc-4.1 with the filename of the gcc you want eg. gcc-99........
I decided on using yum to help me decide even though I normaly use proftpd I decided to see what else I could find.
yum search ftp
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* rpmforge: ftp-stud.fht-esslingen.de
* base: mirrors.netdna.com
* updates: updates.interworx.info
* addons: yum.singlehop.com
* extras: mirrors.netdna.com
locate: command not found (slocate database needed)For some versions especially older ones like 3.x they might not have the "slocate" database.
Meaning a "locate somefile" command doesn't work.
Just install "slocate"
[code:1:d6d717421c]yum install slocate[/code:1:d6d717421c]
And you're good to go :)........
Need identd for port 113 ? Install authdyum install authd
Happy identing :)Actually it's not that simple.
It installs as an "xinetd" service and is disabled and turned off by deafult.
To enable it run:
chkconfig --level 3 auth on
service xinetd restart
This will set identd aka authd to start by default.
service xinetd resta........
Linux Unix Xorg X Server Intel Extreme i810 Graphics Problem(EE) I810(0): No Video BIOS modes for chosen depth.
(EE) Screen(s) found, but none have a usable configuration.
I have a new Dell PC with one of the latest Intel Extreme Graphics on-board crap. From what I can see any Linux/Unix/FreeBSD versions running XFree86 or Xorg from years ago or the latest version today will have this problem.
It's easily corrected FOR MOST people. Go into your........
The New Chips on the BlockThe New Chips on the Block
By Bruce Gain
Story location: http://www.wired.com/news/infostructure/0,1377,67795,00.html
02:00 AM Jun. 13, 2005 PT
We have embarked upon a new era in x86 PC computing -- so say chip giants AMD and Intel following their launches of dual-core PC processors. So how will dual-core processing change your PC computing experience? Our FAQ should help you decide whether or when you sho........
MySQL Server 3.23 won't start after switching from 4.1I was using a 4.1 alpha version of mysql-server and some how version 3.23 of the client and 4.1 of the client were also both installed!
So I forced uninstalled everything because after trying and trying even though MySQL server was using the short 16byte password authentication I got some other errors.
After trying with the ports and having it fail because I had existing database data I force installe........
MySQL SubQueryI was trying to do a sub-query here but it wouldn't work (Syntax Error) in MySQL for some reason even though based on the SQL standards it should be ok.
[i:1268bfa39e][b:1268bfa39e]I found the reason this doesn't work. I am using MySQL 3.23 and I read on the MySQL web site that versions before 4.1 DO NOT SUPPORT SUB-QUERIES so it showed me how to rewrite the following as a LEFT join instead of a sub-query.
Package managementIf you're like me and often like using an older version you'll need to know this.
Since all 5.x versions no longer have packages of their own you'll have to use the 5-stable
The best way is to set the [b:d5e8972240]packagesite environment variable[/b:d5e8972240] like so in your [b:d5e8972240].profile [/b:d5e8972240]file
InnoSetup is something Ijust realized many commercial developers use for installation. Why? Because it's100% FREE, simple, and efficient to use.
The maker has really done a great job and the installer basically works on all versions of Windows since 95.
I'll keep this in mind the next time I code a Windows application since it's been years for me.........
You can see the problem below, GRUB recognizes my hard drive and sees the partitions but cannot access them. This is from the GRUB boot disc I'm using.
What happened is that I had some power issues causing this system's power to be interrupted several times and basically an on/off on/off situation.
The system won't boot, I just get a flashing cursor and no message or error from GRUB. Obviously the problem is that my MBR seems corrupt or some other issue.