• apcupsd how to setup and monitor APC UPS units


    It really seems limited in that it can mainly give you the things you would see on the physical unit such as load etc.. wget https://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/apcupsd/apcupsd%20-%20Stable/3.14.14/apcupsd-3.14.14.tar.gz?r=https%3A%2F%2Fsourceforge.net%2Fprojects%2Fapcupsd%2Ffiles%2Flatest%2Fdownload&ts=1598115866 tar -zxvf apcupsd-3.14.14.tar.gz cd apcupsd-3.14.14 [root@somebox apcupsd-3.14.14]# ./conf........
  • How To Get Started on Ubuntu with gpt-2 OpenAI Text Prediction


    apt install software-properties-common add-apt-repository ppa:deadsnakes/ppa apt update apt install python3-pip apt install python3.7 curl gnupg python3.7-dev git ln -s /usr/bin/python3.7 /usr/bin/python3 pip3 install numpy keras_preprocessing curl https://bazel.build/bazel-release.pub.gpg | sudo apt-key add - echo "deb [arch=amd64] http://storage.googleapis.com/bazel-apt stable jdk1.8" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/bazel........
  • Ubuntu Debian Linux Cannot Install Wine Solution - wine1.6 : Depends: wine1.6-i386 (= 1:1.6.2-0ubuntu14.2) but it is not installable wine1.4 : Depends: wine1.6 but it is not going to be installed


    If you've ever gotten errors like this the solution is simple, you need i386 enabled on your 64-bit install because wine depends on some 32-bit x86 libraries: dpkg --add-architecture i386 apt update apt install wine After that it will install just fine. apt install wine Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done........
  • How To Install python 3.4 3.5 and up on Linux with wine - Working Solution


    This is sure simple if you follow the guide but it took a lot of hacking around to make this work on Debian/Ubuntu! Now before you ask why bother running wine and python, the reason is because Python executables are NOT cross-platform. If you run pyinstaller in Linux, that binary will only run on Linux and the same if you do it in Windows. So it is preferable if you have a single environment that you can create Linux and Windows binaries from rather than running 2 separate........
  • using Xvfb on virtual remote ssh server to have X graphical programs work


    Install xvfb apt install xvfb Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following additional packages will be installed: libxfont1 libxkbfile1 x11-xkb-utils xauth xfonts-base xfonts-encodings xfonts-utils xserver-common The following NEW packages will be installed: libxfont1 libxkbfil........
  • CentOS 8 how to restart the network!


    Yes you have that right, the network service in CentOS 8 no longer exists. So there is no more systemctl restart network You can restart NetworkManager but it doesn't have the same effect or ifup/ifdown on all interfaces. To replicate that the best you can do is type the following commands to nmcli nmcli networking off; nmcli networking on *Don't forget the semi-colon otherwise you'll........
  • python 3 pip cannot install mysql module


    python3 testserver.com-car-scraping.py html.txt Traceback (most recent call last): File "testserver.com-car-scraping.py", line 5, in import mysql.connector ImportError: No module named 'mysql' For some reason it won't install properly even though I have the mysql client on this machine installed too. Solution: You need the mys........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager / CUCM IP 8.6,10,12 Install Error Solution


    Install Errors on Version 12: This error happened on QEMU emulator version 2.11.1 pve-qemu-kvm_2.11.1-5 on Proxmox/Debian but installing on QEMU.12 on Centos 6 did not produce the error. *Update it is not related to the OS or QEMU version. This happened in Centos 6 too after a second install. What really causes this even though you successfully install........
  • nmap how to scan for all ports and not just the 1000 most common ports


    nmap by default only scans the most common, 1000 ports. How about if you want all ports because some services may be listening on non-standard ports? Just use the -p- switch for all ports or -p1-65535 nmap -p- somehost.com........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager 12 Install Errors on Proxmox/KVM


    The strange thing is that usually the first install or two will work on any new machine but then it suddenly won't. I had this experience on QEMU 2.13 on a different machine. There is something finicky or buggy about the CUCM installer even when choosing the same virtual hardware specs. qemu-kvm command: /usr/libexec/qemu-kvm -version QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.1 (qemu-kvm-0.12.1.2-2.506.el6_10.1), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard ........
  • How To Boot Cisco CUCM UCSInstall 8.6, 10, 11 and 12 on KVM/Proxmox


    The key thing is that you must use a "machine"id of "pc-1.3" or it will say your hardware is not supported. Additionally you MUST use a virtio disk or you will get a ks_pre.sh error as soon as the install starts (a look at logs will show it can't find a disk). This is funny because even though the OS finds the disk and an fdisk -l shows it, it looks like the script looks for a /dev/vda device (virtio) and nothing else, so if you didn't use Virtio as you........
  • How to use nmap locate other machines/computers/servers on your network using nmap


    A lot of people think arp wil do it but the arp table will only show devices you have communicated with. Using nmap is a quick and simple way to scan a range to find a machine you may not know the IP for: eg: nmap -sP 10.1.5.0/24 Just change the above to your subnet........
  • How To Edit Linux Based NM Network Manager Connection Settings Without GUI


    Just find the relevant file in /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections sudo vi /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/Wired connection 1 [802-3-ethernet] duplex=full mac-address=00:00:00:FE:FE:FE [connection] id=Wired connection 1 type=802-3-ethernet timestamp=1532403341 [ipv6] method=ignore [ipv4] method=manual........
  • mdadm: add new device failed for /dev/sdb4 as 3: Invalid argument solution


    mdadm --manage /dev/md125 -a /dev/sdb4 mdadm: add new device failed for /dev/sdb4 as 3: Invalid argument Dec 19 01:23:48 storageboxtest kernel: [ 2328.854491] md: sdb4 does not have a valid v1.2 superblock, not importing! Dec 19 01:23:48 storageboxtest kernel: [ 2328.854499] md: md_import_device returned -22 #zero the superblock and try again! mdadm --zero-superblock /dev/sdb4 mdadm --ma........
  • systemd management using systemctl and journalctl to check systemd logs


    systemd is like the service manager for your Centos and other modern Linux distributions (including Debian/Mint/Ubuntu) allows you to enable services, stop them, restart them, check their status and even reboot your system. The key commands or arguments you will use with systemctl are the following: Unit Commands: list-units [PATTERN...] List loaded units &nbs........
  • genisoimage errors with long filenames and deep directory structures


    You'll have to violate the iso9660 standards but it is necessary if you want to preserve your filesystem and filenames and shouldn't be an issue as long as you are using a modern OS like Linux. genisoimage -o Backup-Myfiles.iso -r -J -joliet-long /some/path/ You will get errors like below (even enabling joliet-long didn't help) genisoimage: Error: /some/filename.pdf have the same Joliet name Joliet tree sort failed. The -joliet-lo........
  • gvfs mount in /run/user cannot be accessed or displayed wrong permissions Error: Location is already mounted


    You get errors like below and see you have all question marks for the permissions if you go to /run/user/1000/gvfs If you try to access the mounted share such as anything mounted as gvfs like an SSH share in your file manager you may get an error like this. It generally means an interruption in communication or a fault with gvfsd has caused it. Solutio........
  • VMWare ESXi 6.7 SSH/PowerShell CLI Commands


    [root@localhost:~] BootModuleConfig.sh echo host-ind nfcd........
  • Debian Mint Ubuntu compiling xmr-stak


    sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev git build-essential autotools-dev autoconf libcurl3 sudo apt-get install libcurl4-gnutls-dev git clone https://github.com/wolf9466/cpuminer-multi sudo apt-get install cmake libpthread-* libmicrohttpd-dev libssl-dev libhwloc-dev git clone https://github.com/fireice-uk/xmr-stak-cpu.git make install cd bin chmod +x xmr-stak-cpu ./xmr-stak -O xmr........
  • ./nsgpucnminer: error while loading shared libraries: libOpenCL.so.1w: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory


    ./nsgpucnminer: error while loading shared libraries: libOpenCL.so.1w: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory ........
  • Linux Mint Black Screen after boot no graphics solution


    This is not the normal "black screen"issue and I was shocked to eventually find out why. The normal advice of reconfiguring Xorg didn't work. Even booting into "Recovery Mode" did not help. Here is the short end of the stick that fixed it: sudo apt-get install mdm mate-desktop-environment Yes you got it right, mdm and the mate-desktop-environment / gnome were somehow uninstalled. This must be whe........
  • How To Secure Samba NMBD/SMBD to bind to a specific IP address


    By default Samba SMB/NMB listen on ANY and ALLIPs on your system by binding to 0.0.0.0. Obviously this is a huge security risk if you have a public facing server with both internal and external access. Usually when a system administrator sets up a samba server their intention is just to share with a LAN. To do this you need to the following options under the [global] section in smb.conf bind interfaces only = yes interfaces = 192........
  • MySQL: table is marked as crashed solultion


    myisamchk can fix it But be careful and use the right options to avoid losing data. In fact if you haven't you should make a backup or at least manually copy /var/lib/mysql. Replace "YourDB" with the name of your database Replace "yourcrashedtable" with the name of your crashed table. The -o option is the safest and should avoid dataloss whereas -r is more aggressive and is a last option (I have lost data using -r and........
  • Wine uninstalled broken on Linux Mint


    Solution: Aptitude is very smart and fixed the issues it was because of nvidia cuda and opencl and nothing else suggested or hinted this using apt sudo aptitude install wine The following NEW packages will be installed: ocl-icd-libopencl1{ab} ocl-icd-libopencl1:i386{ab} wine wine1.6 wine1.6-amd64{a} wine1.6-i386:i386{a} The following packages will be REMOVED:........
  • ffmpeg Linux Mint download, compile and install howto


    #if you have nvidia make sure you install the nvidia-cuda-toolkit so hardware acceleration can be used wget http://ffmpeg.org/releases/ffmpeg-3.3.2.tar.bz2 tar -jxvf ffmpeg-3.3.2.tar.bz2 cd ffmpeg-3.3.2/ ./configure --disable-yasm install prefix /usr/local source path ........
  • OpenVZ error : Container start failed (try to check kernel messages, e.g. "dmesg | tail") Locked by: pid 166638, cmdline vzctl start 888171


    This container won't start after exhausting its memory. There are no relevant or helpful messages in dmesg or vzctl.log as well. Standard troubleshooting such as disabling PPP etc has not helped. 2017-07-06T23:33:29-0400 vzctl : CT 888171 : Locked by: pid 166029, cmdline vzctl start 888171 2017-07-06T23:33:29-0400 vzctl : CT 888171 : Container already locked 2017-07-06T23:33:29-0400 vzctl : CT 888171 : Container was stopped 2017-07........
  • USB Device/MP3 Player not working properly and can't browse the device filesystem? Check the cable twice and again!


    Here is a simple MP3 player and now there's a reason to understand why the supplied cable has some kind of capacitor and is very short. These devices can be VERY finicky and any voltage fluctuation or difference is enough to cause issues. Take for example the error messages from Linux Mint: [804829.895414] usb 1-1: USB disconnect, device number 11 [806961.109030] usb 1-1: new high-speed USB device number 12 using xhci_hcd........
  • Linux Mint Install Netboot PXE Guide Howto


    *Update so this doesn't work it must be something to do with the path of nfs or something else but the installer fails with "Installer crashed" at the end whereas with the CD/USB it works. This assumes you've already installed and configured a separate PXE/DHCP server somewhere else and your /tftpboot directory is setup. This is for Linux Mint 18.1 but generally applies to most versions although you may have tro change things like "casper"........
  • mdadm and lvm how to completely disable and remove vg/pv/lv


    In short the solution is just to use vgremove for the actual /dev/mapper device: vgremove /dev/mapper/backups-backuplv box mnt # mdadm --manage /dev/md8 --stop mdadm: Cannot get exclusive access to /dev/md8:Perhaps a running process, mounted filesystem or active volume group? box mnt # lv lvchange lvconvert lvcreate l........
  • mdadm frozen and doesn't realize array is dead/missing failed due to unplugged drives


    This was a surprising bug but I unplugged all drives for an array md127. At first it was just 1 drive and mdadm seemed to notice this. I unplugged the second drive taking the array offline but mdadm did not realize it was offline and still showed a non-existent disk as being part of it. This created problems trying to unmount it or even to stop this array with mdadm freezing. As for how to fix it I can only think of making sure you are not in a mounted path of........
  • Unable to mount location Failed to retrieve share list from server: No such file or directory solution


    Cannot even "Browse Network" when clicking on "Windows Network" Unable to mount location Failed to retrieve share list from server: No such file or directory logs: [2017/02/14 00:16:44.271314, 0] ../source3/nmbd/nmbd.c:58(terminate) Got SIGTERM: going down... [2017/02/13 17:35:41.797944, 0] ../lib/util/become_daemon.c:124(daemon_ready) &........
  • OpenVZ Solution CPT ERR: c02fa000,73 :CPT: lock fd is closed incorrectly: 1 and vps-net_add ERROR: Unable to add route ip route add 192.168.5.2 dev venet0


    The only solution after trying many suggestions was to simply restart the "vz" service (definitely not preferable). Even doing an ifdown and ifup for venet0 did not help. ifup venet0 Bringing up interface venet0: Configuring interface venet0: net.ipv4.conf.venet0.send_redirects = 0 RTNETLINK answers: Network is down Some errors from log: CPT ERR: d2dc60........
  • Openvz error solutions Container already locked (error) can't lock quota file, some quota operations are performing for id 1200


    rm /vz/lock/1200.lck rm: remove regular file `/vz/lock/1200.lck'? y vzctl start 1200 Container already locked vzctl start 1200 Starting container ... vzquota : (error) can't lock quota file, some quota operations are performing for id 1200 vzquota on failed [7] vzquota off 1200 vzctl start 1200 vzquota on 1200 root@rttbox ~]# vzquota off 1200 vzquota : (........
  • blocked for more than 120 seconds issues with iowait and timeout on Live Linux distribution while writing to physical disk


    This happened while an mdadm array was syncing, all access from writing a new blank file to opening a small .txt file was very slow: [222117.312078] kjournald starting. Commit interval 5 seconds [222117.685060] EXT3-fs (md0): using internal journal [222117.685096] EXT3-fs (md0): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode [222122.376847] kjournald starting. Commit interval 5 seconds [222122.602825] EXT3-fs (md2): using internal jour........
  • Cannot get mono to work properly on Linux Mint


    mono/wine not working in Ubuntu/Linux Mint/Debian: The assembly mscorlib.dll was not found or could not be loaded. It should have been installed in the `/usr/lib/mono/2.0/mscorlib.dll' directory. solution: sudo apt-get install mono-complete Problems: mono does not work well for even simple things like a Winrar self extracting .exe fi........
  • Centos 6 how to guide convert LVM non-RAID into mdadm 1/10 RAID array live without reinstalling


    Here is the scenario you or a client have a remote machine that was installed as a standard/default minimal Centos 6.x machine on a single disk with LVM for whatever reason. Often many people do not know how to install it to a RAID array so it is common to have this problem and why reinstall if you don't need to? In some cases on a remote system you can't easily reinstall without physical or KVM access. So in this case you add a second physical or disk or already ha........
  • ONVIF Linux Security Camera Setup


    First of all this seems to apply to many ONVIF devices Hard coded IP: 192.168.1.10 (yes not kidding no DHCP!) 00:12:12:9C:C2:00 To view RTSP stream use VLC, or openRTSP or other RTSP capable software: rtsp://192.168.1.10/user=admin_password=tlJwpbo6_channel=1_stream=0.sdp user: admin password: blank http://ip/Login.htm Uses Quicktime and is a poor quality picture and slow Cannot change pass........
  • Installing zoneminder on Ubuntu/Debian Linux Howto


    sudo apt-get install zoneminder [sudo] password for one: Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: libuser-perl python-evince kdebase-apps kwrite unixodbc libgnomeprint2.2-data python-soappy vgabios python-metacity hddtemp python-mediaprof........
  • ECC Errors in action


    Message from syslogd@server at Sep 14 11:35:59 ... kernel:[Hardware Error]: MC4 Error (node 1): DRAM ECC error detected on the NB. Message from syslogd@server at Sep 14 11:35:59 ... kernel:[Hardware Error]: Error Status: Corrected error, no action required. Message from syslogd@server at Sep 14 11:35:59 ... kernel:[Hardware Error]: CPU:6 (10:8:0) MC4_STATUS[Over|CE|MiscV|-|AddrV|CECC]: 0xdc00400021080813........
  • Howto edit/rotate Samsung/Android Videos in mencoder solution


    Movie-Aspect is undefined - no prescaling applied. videocodec: libavcodec (720x1280 fourcc=34504d46 [FMP4]) [mpeg4 @ 0x2c91c00] timebase not supported by mpeg 4 standard Could not open codec. FATAL: Cannot initialize video driver. That is the error I would get, I thought it was a codec error something else. By fluke Isaw something about ffmpeg where someone recommended manually telling it to the "fps" and it worked.........
  • Centos 6 samba server not showing up in WORKGROUP


    This is different than Centos 5, you have two services btu they are called "smb" and "nmb". You need to enable and start "nmb" in order for your samba server to be listed. chkconfig nmb on; chkconfig smb on service nmb start;service smb start........
  • VBulletin Enhanced Captcha / RegSecure not showing/working images solution.


    This happened after a customer migrated their hosting and the issue was being unable to access PHP sessions. Warning: session_start(): open(/var/lib/php/session/sess_3e0oms763m6mrqekdnnmodlhs3, O_RDWR) failed: Permission denied (13) in /register.php(202) : eval()'d code on line 1 Solution:(use the correct ownership/permissions) chown apache.apache -R /var/lib/php........
  • CPanel suhosin install failed


    /scripts/phpextensionmgr install PHPSuHosin Updating md5sum list Fetching http://httpupdate.cpanel.net/cpanelsync/easy/targz.yaml (connected:0).......(request attempt 1/12)...Resolving httpupdate.cpanel.net...(resolve attempt 1/65)... Fetching http://httpupdate.cpanel.net/mirror_addr_list (connected:0).......(request attempt 1/3)......connecting to 74.50.120.123...@74.50.120.123......connected......receiving...100%......request success......Done........
  • Dell Perci 6/i Firmware Upgrade Guide Tutorial


    One thing to remember is that you need MegaCli to do the flashing. You also need the correct file,I tried at least 2 different Perc 6 firmwares from Dell that kept getting rejected as corrupt by MegaCli(they were really the wrong version). I have an external PCI-E Dell 6 Perc/I butI chose images from the 'Integrated" on motherboard version as it was allI could find. They are different, and below is my first time finding success.........
  • Dell Perc 6/i cannot downgrade


    I flashed an LSI Logic firmware to it and it broke the BIOS (cannot do Ctrl+R) for booting purposes but allows other functionality to work normally. I tried downgrading to a Dell firmware for Perc 6i but it won't work, not even with MegaCli wget http://downloads.dell.com/FOLDER00416606M/1/SAS-RAID_Firmware_W83M2_LN32_6.3.1-0003_A14.BIN --2013-08-26 12:53:39-- http://downloads.dell.com/FOLDER00416606M/1/SAS-RAID_Firmware_W83M2_LN32_6.3.1-0003_A14.BIN Resolvi........
  • LSI MegaRAID Adventures, Guide and HowTo


    LSi Megaraid At first it was configured as a RAID 0, then I deleted the Virtual Disk Group. I thought both drives would be shown and detected in Linux as sda and sdb but it actually shows nothing. To make them work you have to hit Ctrl+R before the system boots (when prompted) and create a Virtual Disk Group. In my case I created each one as RAID 0 (with a single drive only) as I just wanted JBOD but there is no such option or default in these Dell Pe........
  • pxe-32 tftp open timeout


    pxe-32 tftp open timeout The solution was to enable tftp in xinetd with "chkconfig tftp on". See the troubleshooting below: chkconfig --list NetworkManager 0:off 1:off 2:off 3:off 4:off 5:off 6:off acpid 0:off&n........
  • mkdir: cannot create directory 'test': Disk quota exceeded - Solution


    mkdir: cannot create directory 'test': Disk quota exceeded You are out of inodes usually: df -i Filesystem Inodes IUsed IFree IUse% Mounted on /dev/simfs 200000 200000 0 100% / none ........
  • mysqldump: Couldn't execute 'show create table `general_log`': SHOW command denied to user 'user'@'localhost' for table 'general_log' (1142) - Solution


    mysqldump: Couldn't execute 'show create table `general_log`': SHOW command denied to user 'user'@'localhost' for table 'general_log' (1142) One of my clients almost found out the hard way, here is an unlikely situation that happened. 1.) Years ago the client had another VPS to which they backed up a BLOG nightly to an .sql file, what they forgot is that the file also contained all databases (they used the --all-databases option but forgot). So imagi........
  • Country List Names in HTML Select From


    This is useful for developing a lot of applications, I'm putting it here to keep it handy for myself and hopefully others: Choose CountryCanadaJapanUnited StatesUnited KingdomAfghanistan........
  • Linux/Debian shutdown/reboot without going through init force


    -bash-3.1# shutdown -rn now Connection to localhost closed by remote host. Connection to localhost closed. Sometimes I work with embedded systems/custom kernels without any of the fancy init scripts and other common Linux basics that most would expect. This means that often the "reboot" command (which uses an init script) will never work, not only that but it will hang the server and a manual power cycle or reboo........
  • mdadm: /dev/sdb1 not large enough to join array solution


    mdadm --manage /dev/md1 --add /dev/sdb1 mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored. mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored. mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored. mdadm: /dev/sdb1 not large enough to join array md1's first primary member /dev/sda3 has 57394 cylinders while the /dev/sdb1 has 57393 (1 less cylinder) which is why it won't work. fdisk -l /dev/sda3 Disk /dev/sda3: 47........
  • Samsung Galaxy Note Upgrade to ICS 4.0 microSDHC card not detected/dataloss after upgrading - possible solutions


    I backed up everything in the /mnt/sd_card directory thinking that some dataloss could occur for some reason but purposely left my microSDHC unbacked up thinking that "it won't touch that since it's external" and Samsung's and other manufacturers website even say this (that it won't be affected and not to worry etc). Apparently I was wrong, my microSD was "undetected" and asked to be formatted after the upgrade (there goes 3-months worth of family photos). No........
  • Centos how to upgrade from PHP 5.2 to 5.3 without downtime


    This may sound silly but there will be conflicts/issues with the default Centos repository so you have to use a third party like remi (I prefer not to do this but it's the only option unless you migrate your sites/data to another server or can stand some downtime-not an option IMHOon a production server). You may need to upgrade to PHP5.3 to run Joomla or many other reasons. Your host needs to use PHP 5.2.4 or higher to run this version of Jo........
  • Linux Kernel Panic Messages - Symptoms of bad RAM module/stick


    These were caused by a bad stick of Corsair RAM [] free_hot_cold_page+0xfc/0x150 [] __pagevec_free+0x14/0x1a [] release_pages+0x127/0x12f [] __pagevec_release+0x15/0x1d [] __invalid_mapping_pages+0x120/0x156 [........
  • Linux Out of Memory OOM Object Killer Solution "Out of memory: kill process 1955 (sshd) score 81 or a child"


    I had a system running a 128MB live CD image with 2.8 gigs of available RAM and the OOM kernel killer went crazy when using dd for more than 8 minutes and kept killing everything. I've read that this is due to a low-memory issue and paging in the kernel and 32-bit systems with lots of RAM. I even enabled swapspace on my LiveCD and the issue happened 25 minutes into dd rather than 8 minutes, so what gives? Also no swap space was ever used! cat /proc/s........
  • How To Test If Your Hard Drive Is Good/Signs of dying hard drive


    I like dd, although it only reads it, usually a read test of the entire disk will uncover if your hard drive is bad in some parts. This is a good thing to do at least once a month, a lot of times bizarre program behavior, laginess and crashing/unnmounting problems etc.. are due to a failing disc and SMART won't know it or indicate a problem: We must also remember there's never a guarantee, I've found that ever since we moved to larger and more platters per drive with 1TB drives........
  • Apache High CPU Usage Enable Mod_Status Guide Solution - Find Cause of High CPU Usage Script/Domain


    mod_status is a great way to track down the source of high CPU usage and to find what vhost/script is the cause of it. It gives you a live view of bandwith usage, CPU usage, and memory usage broken down by domain/vhost and script/URI. Enable mod_status vi /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf ExtendedStatus On SetHandler server-status Order Deny,Allow Deny from all All........
  • MYSQL Error Can't find file: './wf/Sessions.frm' (errno: 13) Solution


    mysql errors even though these files do exist: 110405 13:21:37 InnoDB: Operating system error number 13 in a file operation. InnoDB: The error means mysqld does not have the access rights to InnoDB: the directory. InnoDB: File name ./ibdata1 InnoDB: File operation call: 'open'. InnoDB: Cannot continue operation. 110405 13:26:15 InnoDB: Operating system error number 13 in a file operation. InnoDB: The error means my........
  • Yahoo Mail (email) DNS Server Out Of Date Problems


    I don't expect this to be solved soon but some of Yahoo's DNS servers are out of whack. I changed the IPs of some nameservers of some domains and now most Yahoo users can't e-mail to those domains! As you can see below by the "No MX or A records for mychangedomain.com", now Yahoo's DNS/mailserver DNS cache is wrong. You would think they would at least have cached the old incorrect records, but instead for some reason their DNS cache has no entry and doesn't seem........
  • Openvz Enable TUN/TAP OpenVPN


    Make sure the module "tun" is loaded on the host. vzctl set 2000 --devnodes net/tun:rw --save *Note what's below is what OpenVZ says you need (but I've never had to do it) vzctl exec 2000 mkdir -p /dev/net vzctl exec 2000 mknod /dev/net/tun c 10 200 vzctl exec 2000 chmod 600 /dev/net/tun On the container test the device: when Something is wrong:........
  • sshfs cannot unmount error: device is busy. (In some cases useful info about processes that use the device is found by lsof(8) or fuser(1))


    umount: /home/diret/mount: device is busy. (In some cases useful info about processes that use the device is found by lsof(8) or fuser(1)) I tried everything (fusermount -u) to unmount it but the only thing that worked was actually doing this: ps aux|grep sshfs Then I identified the sshfs connection and did: kill -kill pid........
  • WD EARS Advanced Format Can't be fixed?


    There's no partial WD EARS alignment fix: I had data on /dev/sda3 and /dev/sdb3 (RAID1) so I couldn't edit that one. I thought I'd be smart and try fixing the first two partitions so I set the first one starting at sector 2048 and then +8 for the second partition. This has really slowed the performance down worse than it ever was! Disk /dev/sda: 2000.4 GB, 2000398934016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 243201 cylinders, tot........
  • Ubuntu 10.04/GRUB2 mdadm won't boot


    Moving to RAID was a pain. What you have to do is the following from an existing install: Install mdadm Create your mdadm RAID 1 array on your spare hard drive. Start it with the missing disk. rsync the entire contents of your current / to the md partition. Here's a good way of doing it: rsync -Pha --exclude=/proc/* --exclude=/sys/* --exclude=/mnt/* /. /mnt/md2........
  • How to chroot properly into your OS/distro


    From a LiveCD or if you're doing something like converting your non-RAID install to mdadm here's how you would chroot properly (you have to mount your proc, sys and dev on the running system/LiveCD to your chroot environment if you want things to work right, especially if you need to run update-initramfs due to a driver change etc..) *replace "path" with your mount/chroot path mount -o bind /proc /mnt/path/proc mount -o bind /dev/ mnt/pa........
  • Openvz Error Starting OpenVZ: failed to load module vzmon [FAILED]


    service vz start Starting OpenVZ: failed to load module vzmon [FAILED] vzmon: Unknown symbol ve_snmp_proc_init vzmon: Unknown symbol addrconf_sysctl_free vzmon: Unknown symbol ve_ndisc_init vzmon: Unknown symbol addrconf_ifdown vzmon: Unknown symbol ip6_frag_cleanup vzmon: Unknown symbol fini_ve_route6........
  • OpenVZ: failed to load module vzmon [FAILED] vzmon: Unknown symbol ve_snmp_proc_init vzmon: Unknown symbol addrconf_sysctl_free vzmon: Unknown symbol ve_ndisc_init vzmon: Unknown symbol addrconf_ifdown vzmon: Unknown symbol ip6_frag_cleanup vzm


    service vz start Starting OpenVZ: failed to load module vzmon [FAILED] vzmon: Unknown symbol ve_snmp_proc_init vzmon: Unknown symbol addrconf_sysctl_free vzmon: Unknown symbol ve_ndisc_init vzmon: Unknown symbol addrconf_ifdown vzmon: Unknown symbol ip6_frag_cleanup vzmon: Unknown symbol fini_ve_route6 ........
  • Linux How To Add/Delete A Default Route/Gateway


    Remember to replace "eth0" with your NIC device although usually it will be eth0. Replace 192.168.1.1 with your default gateway, remember you can also add multiple gateways by adding a second/different default gateway. route Kernel IP routing table Destination Gateway Genmask&nb........
  • Openvz Live Migration Error - Error: undump failed: Invalid argument Restoring failed: Error: iptables-restore exited with 2 Error: Most probably some iptables modules are not loaded Error: rst_restore_net: -22


    Adding IP address(es): 192.168.5.8 192.168.5.9 Setting CPU units: 1000 Error: undump failed: Invalid argument Restoring failed: Error: iptables-restore exited with 2 Error: Most probably some iptables modules are not loaded Error: rst_restore_net: -22 Container start failed Stopping container ... Container was stopped Container is unmounted Error: Failed to undump VE Resuming... vzquota : (erro........
  • Shutdown/Power/Halt In Debian/Ubuntu/Centos Guide Systems Doesn't Work


    Different distributions such as Debian and Centos behave differently when trying to shutdown your system. shutdown -H now on Debian does not do what you'd expect. The system won't power down, it will halt and do everything but power down. shutdown -PH now will do the job though (actually power the system off). This is important to test especially if you are not near the system. If you just use -P it forcefully shuts off which is not........
  • Centos 5.5 RAID 1 boot issue


    I installed 5.5 with a 300GB RAID 1 partition (boot is also on this partition). It booted up fine the first few times until after I used a Live CD and accessed the array, and it became named /dev/md127 for some reason. Now whenI boot into CentOS I get a kernel panic and different errors, once I got "invalid superblock", even though the array is fine (it didn't happen again, probably because I was sure to dismount and stop the mdadm array properly). Here's what........
  • heartbeat is stopped for some reason


    heartbeat is stopped for some reason Anyway hnode2 was active and the services are running fine but I see heartbeat has been stopped somehow. Here is the last log I see of heartbeat: [quote:23c84415f5] Sep 9 17:15:32 hnode2 heartbeat: [16738]: info: MSG stats: 9/1762471 ms age 0 [pid16738/MST_CONTROL] Sep 9 17:15:32 hnode2 heartbeat: [16738]: info: cl_malloc stats: 716/51784021 152624/74519 [pid16738/MST_CONTROL] Sep 9 17:15:32........
  • PHP cannot access /usr/bin/openssl


    PHP cannot access /usr/bin/opensslI have verified the username that runs the process is able to access /usr/bin/openssl and it does exist but the PHP script is saying it doesn't exist: [code:1:1fd0f3abbe] if (!file_exists($OPENSSL)) { //echo "ERROR: OPENSSL $OPENSSL not foundn"; }[/code:1:1fd0f3abbe] I don't get itI can clearly see the contents of /usr/bin by using the PHP system fu........
  • Clone any OS partition perfectly


    Clone any OS partition perfectlyIn one box I needed to copy the boot partition to another disk while retaining the MBR and other data. I simply ran this command: [code:1:1b1ff110ca]dd if=/dev/hda1 of=/dev/hdb1[/code:1:1b1ff110ca] [b:1b1ff110ca]if[/b:1b1ff110ca] = source patition [b:1b1ff110ca]of[/b:1b1ff110ca] = destination partition Here's an interesting article on it http://www.rajeevnet.com/hacks_hints/os_cl........
  • Photoshop Center A Selection


    Photoshop Center A SelectionYou should have the item in it's own layer, select the layer and use CTRL+A to select the layer. Then look for the alignment controls near the top of the screen (under the menus) Use the Horizontal Center and Vertical Center and then your item will be perfectly centered.........
  • The New Chips on the Block


    The New Chips on the BlockThe New Chips on the Block By Bruce Gain Story location: http://www.wired.com/news/infostructure/0,1377,67795,00.html 02:00 AM Jun. 13, 2005 PT We have embarked upon a new era in x86 PC computing -- so say chip giants AMD and Intel following their launches of dual-core PC processors. So how will dual-core processing change your PC computing experience? Our FAQ should help you decide whether or when you sho........
  • Cool SNMP tutorial/info


    Cool SNMP tutorial/infohttp://www.dpstele.com/layers/l2/snmp_l2_tut_part1.html........
  • Basic Port Listing


    Basic Port ListingHopefully someone finds this useful or at least interesting. http://www.sans.org/top20/#u9 Name Port Protocol Description Small services ........
  • Other Security Web Sites


    Other Security Web SitesSeveral websites actively track security issues. This list provides you with the major providers of security information on the Web. Many of these organizations also provide newsletters and mailings to announce changes or security threats: Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security (CERIAS) CERIAS is an industry-sponsored center at Purdue University that is focused on technology and relate........
  • Clustering Links


    Clustering LinksI thought this might be interesting for people with spare time. [b:6423c19973]Great clustering article from Linux Mag[/b:6423c19973] http://www.linux-mag.com/2003-11/clusters_01.html [b:6423c19973]General Linux cluster information[/b:6423c19973] http://www.gdargaud.net/Hack/ClusterNotes.html#HighA http://www.faqs.org/docs/Linux-HOWTO/Cluster-HOWTO.html#s3 http://www.yolinux.com/TUTORIALS/LinuxClustersAndFileSys........
  • Samba SMB Error - Server not using user level security and no password supplied. tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_WRONG_PASSWORD


    Server not using user level security and no password supplied. tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_WRONG_PASSWORD That happens when trying to use smbclient to connect to a share. The weird thing is that I can authnenticate just fine from Windows XP. It is partially my mistake, I forgot this share does have a password. I've tried authenticating with the correct user and also with "Guest" because this works in Windows. In Linux I ........
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