• LightDM Mint Ubuntu Debian won't start errors Nvidia Graphics


    This error implies that there may be an issue with Xorg or maybe your NVIDIA GPU cannot start or initialize: 35 laptop kernel: [ 2031.857704] nvidia: loading out-of-tree module taints kernel. 35 laptop kernel: [ 2031.857724] nvidia: module license 'NVIDIA' taints kernel. 35 laptop kernel: [ 2031.857725] Disabling lock debugging due to kernel taint 35 laptop kernel: [ 2031.873280] nvidia: module verification failed: signature a........
  • MP3s Won't Play / ID3 Version 2.4 Issues in Cars and Other MP3 Players/CDs/DVDs Solution


    ID3 2.4 can cause various MP3 players, especially on vehicles or even computers, not to play or at least not to display the ID3 tags. In many cases though, since ID3 2.4 is much different than version 2.3, it will cause some players, especially in cars like Lexus not to play. Even on the computer, you may notice if you check the properties of the MP3 that it won't open or show any details (eg. frequency, bitrate and ID3 tags). One symptom of this in a vehicle (eg. Leuxs,........
  • LXC Containers LXD How to Install and Configure Tutorial Ubuntu Debian Mint


    If you are using mint, delete the preference that stops snap from installing (as it is required for lxc) sudo rm /etc/apt/preferences.d/nosnap.pref 1. Install lxd: sudo apt install lxd Issues install lxd or errors? Click here Debian at this time does not have lxd so you'll need to use snap: sudo apt in........
  • GlusterFS HowTo Tutorial For Distributed Storage in Docker, Kubernetes, LXC, KVM, Proxmox


    This can be used on almost anything, since Gluster is a userspace tool, based on FUSE. This means that all Gluster appears as to any application is just a directory. Applications don't need specific support for Gluster, so long as you can tell the application to use a certain directory for storage. One application can be for redundant and scaled storage, including for within Docker and Kubernetes, LXC, Proxmox, OpenStack, etc or just your image/web/video files or even da........
  • Vbox Virtualbox DNS NAT Network Mode NOT working


    There is a random bug that sometimes occurs with Vbox NAT mode DNS, although it has never happened in the past and Vbox was working fine until recently. The symptom is that you can see it does get an IP+ DNS from the Vbox NAT DHCP. Below we use resolvectl dns and verify the DNS server is set to 10.0.2.3 which is the DNS from Vbox NAT. We can ping it but it does not respond to any DNS requests when we use dig @10.0.2.3 realtechtalk.com........
  • How To Create OpenVPN Server for Secure Remote Corporate Access in Linux Debian/Mint/Ubuntu with client public key authentication


    This guide assumes that you are trying to connect to a corporate network. First of all you need to define what IPrange the OpenVPN server will be running on. Network Option 1.) There are a few options, such as the OpenVPN sitting exclusively on the internal network, with the port and protocol that the server is used on being forwarded to this via the router and/or firewall. Network Option 2.) The OpenVPN server could sit on both th........
  • HongKong VPS Server, Cloud, Dedicated Server, Co-Location, Datacenter The Best Guide on Hong Kong, China Internet IT/Computing


    This article is the best guide on the internet for all things Hong Kong internet and how it applies to your business, based on decades of experience and research, to help you make informed choices, for your company's strategic data and computing initiatives. Hong Kong has long held the staus as a world financial hub, but in our opinion, it is lesser known for its dominance as an IT and Internet Hub and has the largest internet exchange in Asia by maximum throughput. We will al........
  • tag#4 FAILED Result: hostbyte=DID_OK driverbyte=DRIVER_SENSE tag#4 Sense Key : Illegal Request [current] res 40/00:b4:98:02:00/00:00:00:00:00/40 Emask 0x10 (ATA bus error) solution


    You might assume you have a bad drive or the SATA interface/cable is bad, or the power supply is bad/weak to the drive. These are all possible issues, but definitely check your SATA cable for "twisting". It is a big issue because until the error stops or times out, your system will not boot (in my case this was the case even though the drive with the issue was not part of the OS or booting process at all). If you run an open rig that you move around often that ha........
  • Ansible Tutorial - Playbook How To Install From Scratch and Deploy LAMP + Wordpress on Remote Server


    1. Let's work from an environment where we can install Ansible on. Requirements: A Linux machine (eg. VM whether in the Cloud or a local VM on Vbox/VMWare/Proxmox) that you can easily install Anisble on (eg. Debian/Ubuntu/Mint). The VM requires proper/working internet between the Ansible Controller and to the internet. This will be on our "controller" / source machine which is where we deploy the Ansible Playbooks (.yaml) files from.........
  • Ceph Install Errors on Proxmox / How To Fix Solution


    This normally happens when you interrupt the install of Ceph: pveceph install update available package list start installation Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree... Done Reading state information... Done gdisk is already the newest version (1.0.6-1.1). ceph-common is already the newest version (15.2.15-pve1). ceph-fuse is already the newest version (15.2.15-pve1). Some package........
  • Proxmox How To Enable Ceph Distributed Storage Cluster with OSD and Pools


    How To Install Ceph If you stopped an install of Ceph midway you will need to manually restart it with "pveceph install" Remember that your VM needs to have working internet (gateway) and DNS in order to connect to the apt repo to download all of the packages that Ceph requires. Remember to repeat these steps for each node that you want Ceph on. ........
  • EFI PXE grub2 Howto guide for Linux EFI PXE Booting on Debian, Mint, Ubuntu, RHEL


    Just a quick note and warning is that if you are testing to see if EFIPXE booting works on a VM, MAKE SURE it actually works. For example Iinitially tested using my Distro's QEMU 2.5+dfsg-5ubuntu10.46 and ovmf BIOS firmware (OVMF supports EFI). However, I found on old versions of QEMU (like 2.5), EFIbooting with GRUB NEVER works so it may appear that you have made a mistake when everything is fine when you boot a physi........
  • Huion and Wacom Tablets How To Install in Linux Mint / Ubuntu and make the stylus work properly


    It took a lot of fiddling to make a Huion Kamvas 13 Pro work in Linux but it simple once you know what to do. Don't bother searching as it is unlkely there is a guide out there that will actually make your tablet work. It mainly comes down to the fact that the hid_uclogic kernel module is buggy or doesn't support MANYof these wacom based/Huion tablets properly. What was happening with me is that Ihad the Kamvas 13 Huion setup as a secondary screen/monitor.&nb........
  • How To Replace Audio Track of Video using ffmpeg


    A very common use case is that you don't want to waste time using a video editor that requires you to open it up and manually import the video clip and audio clip, then manually delete the old audio track and import the video and new audio. That's too much work and time since we don't want to go through the hassle. ffmpeg is our solution, all we have to do is specify 3 variables and we're done! -i Windows2019-Server-Noaudio.mp4 is our in........
  • "This kernel requires the following features not present on the CPU: cmov Unable to boot - please use a kernel appropriate for your CPU.


    You should only get this if you are using a Pentium II or something really old. The problem here is that newer kernels than 2.6 don't have true i386 support even if you tell it to compile as i386. It will still include features like cmov that break older computers from being able to work. Generally for very old computers like above, you need to use a 2.6.x kernel and of course make sure it is i386 and all the binaries are as well. ........
  • CentOS 6 impossible to compile a newer libguestfs


    yum -y install gcc make gperf genisoimage flex bison ncurses ncurses-devel pcre-devel augeas-devel augeas readline-devel checking for cpio... cpio checking for gperf... no configure: error: gperf must be installed configure: error: Package requirements (augeas >= 1.2.0) were not met: Requested 'augeas >= 1.2.0' but version of augeas is 1.0.0 yum remove augeas augeas-libs augeas-devel wget http://downl........
  • How To Get Started on Ubuntu with gpt-2 OpenAI Text Prediction


    apt install software-properties-common add-apt-repository ppa:deadsnakes/ppa apt update apt install python3-pip apt install python3.7 curl gnupg python3.7-dev git ln -s /usr/bin/python3.7 /usr/bin/python3 pip3 install numpy keras_preprocessing curl https://bazel.build/bazel-release.pub.gpg | sudo apt-key add - echo "deb [arch=amd64] http://storage.googleapis.com/bazel-apt stable jdk1.8" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/bazel........
  • How To Speed Up Linux Ubuntu and Debian Based Computers By Improving CPU Performance and Changing the CPU Governor


    I used to believe that for Desktops especially that the "ondemand" CPUfrequency changing that kernels included with Ubuntu and Debian based distros have would be sufficient for snappy performance. However, you can feel the lack of performance on the fastest computer if you have ondemand. A lot of times even under high load 100% of your CPUfrequency in MHz will not be used. For example a 2.8Ghz CPUmay only run at 1.8MHz or even .9GHz. Now........
  • mdadm: super0.90 cannot open /dev/sdb1: Device or resource busy mdadm: /dev/sdb1 is not suitable for this array.


    mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level 1 --raid-devices 2 /dev/sdb1 missing --metadata=0.90 mdadm: super0.90 cannot open /dev/sdb1: Device or resource busy mdadm: /dev/sdb1 is not suitable for this array. mdadm: create aborted Sometimes running "partprobe" can fix this. Other times it requires a reboot. One other manual thing that can be done is the following to fix it (if dm is using and blocking it):........
  • ERROR: Could not find a version that satisfies the requirement PIL (from versions: none) ERROR: No matching distribution found for PIL


    pip install PIL ERROR: Could not find a version that satisfies the requirement PIL (from versions: none) ERROR: No matching distribution found for PIL The import name is PILbut the actual pip package is called "Pillow" pip install Pillow........
  • How To Install OpenProject on Centos 7 Step-by-Step Guide


    There are a few caveats that may not be obvious to everyone so I am going to cover them here but keep this in mind before starting. Before starting install epel or you will be missing tesseract: yum -y install epel-release #1) When you specify your SSL certificate with a full path, it really needs to exist where you tell it to (including the default location of /etc/ssl/certs and /etc/ssl/c........
  • Ubuntu Debian Linux Cannot Install Wine Solution - wine1.6 : Depends: wine1.6-i386 (= 1:1.6.2-0ubuntu14.2) but it is not installable wine1.4 : Depends: wine1.6 but it is not going to be installed


    If you've ever gotten errors like this the solution is simple, you need i386 enabled on your 64-bit install because wine depends on some 32-bit x86 libraries: dpkg --add-architecture i386 apt update apt install wine After that it will install just fine. apt install wine Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done........
  • How To Install python 3.4 3.5 and up on Linux with wine - Working Solution


    This is sure simple if you follow the guide but it took a lot of hacking around to make this work on Debian/Ubuntu! Now before you ask why bother running wine and python, the reason is because Python executables are NOT cross-platform. If you run pyinstaller in Linux, that binary will only run on Linux and the same if you do it in Windows. So it is preferable if you have a single environment that you can create Linux and Windows binaries from rather than running 2 separate........
  • ssh Received disconnect from port 22:2: Too many authentication failures


    If you are getting this error it is usually caused by having more than 5 keys in your ".ssh" directory. It is a bit of a bug and this is how it manifests itself. You will find at this point that you are not given any chance to enter a password, or if you are using key based auth that the same thing happens. You'll also find that this is happening with ALLservers you try connecting to. The solution is to move away key pairs from .ssh so that there ar........
  • CentOS 8 how to convert to a bootable mdadm RAID software array


    The cool thing here is that we only need 1 drive to make a RAID 10 or RAID 1 array, we just tell the Linux mdadm utility that the other drive is "missing" and we can then add our original drive to the array after booting into our new RAID array. Step#1 Install tools we need yum -y install mdadm rsync Step #2 Create your partitions on the drive that will be our RAID array Here I assume it is /dev........
  • ADATA USB Thumb Drive Issues


    This is the reason that I don't like the new ADATA USB drives such as the UV128/64GB or 128GB drives and other ones that look to be the same style (the green sliding USB connector). They just don't work well from new and never work properly at any point. [ 788.242463] usb 1-1.2: new high-speed USB device number 16 using ehci-pci [ 788.339816] usb 1-1.2: New USB device found, idVendor=125f, idProduct=db8a [ 7........
  • SSH How To Create Public/Private Key Pair and with a Larger Keysize than 2048 bits


    The problem is that by default ssh-keygen loves to generate an easy to crack 2048 bit key (RSA). Supposedly having a larger keysize helps such as 4096 or 8096 but it is thought to be useless still against Quantum computing. How can I check my existing keysize and type? ssh-keygen -lf /path/to/your/id_rsa.pub The output will be something like below followed by the hash. The first number is the key size and the second part will b........
  • python ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'bs4' even though you have the module


    In this case I am executing using "python3" but what you find in cases like this can be surprising. The most common issues are that someone has a module for python 2 "pip" and doesn't realize they need "pip3" to install it for python3, but this is not one of those cases. ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'bs4' OKmaybe we didn't install it for python3? [........
  • apache symlinks denied even with followsymlinks


    Symbolic link not allowed or link target not accessible: /path/httpdocs/news.html There are a few reasons that can cause this message and this is for people who have ruled out the basics, eg. your symlinks are enabled and the right permissions are applied (but read on to learn about ownership requirements above the directory in question). So there are a few key things here that cause Apache not to follow symlinks:........
  • Linux 3D Performance benchmarks with glxgears 59-60fps solution


    You need to disable vsync like this when running glxgears: vblank_mode=0 glxgears Notice the higher than 59-60 fps results with vblank_mode=0: ATTENTION: default value of option vblank_mode overridden by environment. 7919 frames in 5.0 seconds = 1583.704 FPS 8187 frames in 5.0 seconds = 1637.266 FPS 7441 frames in 5.0 seconds = 1488.072 FPS 7436 frames in 5.0 seconds = 1487.076 FPS X........
  • How To Install Asterisk 16 17 on Debian Ubuntu Linux


    Downloading and compiling from source to get the latest version of Asterisk is really simple with this guide. apt install gcc make g++ libedit-dev uuid-dev libjansson-dev apt install libxml2-dev sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/asterisk/asterisk-16-current.tar.gz tar -zxvf asterisk-16-current.tar.gz cd asterisk-16.6.2/ ./configure If you get this error change y........
  • python import docx error


    sudo pip3 install python-docx [sudo] password for : Downloading/unpacking python-docx Downloading python-docx-0.8.10.tar.gz (5.5MB): 5.5MB downloaded Running setup.py (path:/tmp/pip_build_root/python-docx/setup.py) egg_info for package python-docx no previously-included directories found matching 'docs/.build' warning: no previously-included files matching '.DS_Store' foun........
  • Wordpress overwrites and wipes out custom htaccess rules and changes soluton


    cat .htaccess RewriteEngine On RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d RewriteRule . index.php [L] I keep reading there is a "# BEGIN WordPress" and a "# END WordPress" in the wordpress htaccess above but there is clearly not. Even more strange is that my permissions are just 444 (read only). so i changed it........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager 12 Install Errors on Proxmox/KVM


    The strange thing is that usually the first install or two will work on any new machine but then it suddenly won't. I had this experience on QEMU 2.13 on a different machine. There is something finicky or buggy about the CUCM installer even when choosing the same virtual hardware specs. qemu-kvm command: /usr/libexec/qemu-kvm -version QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.1 (qemu-kvm-0.12.1.2-2.506.el6_10.1), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard ........
  • ssh reverse proxy to enable remote access behind a LAN and firewall


    So say you are behind a typical NAT/LAN setup whether at home, work or while travelling. What if you have a computer or server that you need to connect to from the outside? Yes you could use a VPN but a quick and dirty, temporary and secure way is to use SSH's Reverse Tunneling Proxy feature. Requirements On the remote ssh server host you need the GatewayPorts option enabled in sshd_config (be........
  • Cisco Switch Reset To Factory Defaults


    This works on the 2000 and 3000 series generally. *The easy way is to just hold the mode button for 10+ seconds. The full/proper way is below: 1.) Either power on the unit and hold the "mode" button or hold the "mode" button until you see the below: 00:04:08: %SYS-7-NV_BLOCK_INIT: Initalized the geometry of nvram 00:04:08: %EXPRESS_SETUP-6-CONFIG_IS_RESET: The configur........
  • SSH error cannot Forward or Listen "bind: Cannot assign requested address"


    debug1: Local connections to LOCALHOST:18006 forwarded to remote address 192.168.1.93:8006 debug1: Local forwarding listening on 127.0.0.1 port 18006. debug1: channel 0: new [port listener] debug1: Local forwarding listening on ::1 port 18006. bind: Cannot assign requested address What we are seeing is that we can't listen on an IPV6 address of ::1. We need to tell SSH to stop using IPV6 so we'll edit ssh_config to take care of this issue........
  • Why SMART is not smart at all and doesn't properly predict disk errors that cause a kernel panic or crash


    Before getting into the output here is my typical experience with SMART, there is what I call a "bad disk" with pending and uncorrectable sectors that cannot be reallocated. It has caused a kernel panic and system crash repeatedly as we can see from the logs. But SMART says it has "PASSED" its self assessment. SMART is still useful to me but it is more about looking at Current_Pending_Sector. Any time I have had anything but 0 for that attribute it........
  • How Does Cisco CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) Work?


    Cisco's CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) is a system that combines voice, video, data and mobile products into a single unified management suite. At its core, the CUCMis like a "Super PBX" that controls the flow of all communications through an organization even single or multiple site deployments. Cisco's CUCMmakes communication more effective and simple through centralized management and unification of communications resources.........
  • MySQL change for Antelope format to Barracuda error solution


    Your database uses Antelope as the file format. Full UTF-8 support in MySQL and MariaDB requires the Barracuda file format. Please switch to the Barracuda file format. See the documentation MySQL full unicode support for details. In /etc/my.cnf under [mysqld] 180827 21:43:14 InnoDB: 5.5.59 started; log sequence number 1589339 180827 21:43:14 [ERROR] /usr/libexec/mysqld: unknown variable 'db_file_format=Ba........
  • Debian Mint Ubuntu compiling xmr-stak


    sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev git build-essential autotools-dev autoconf libcurl3 sudo apt-get install libcurl4-gnutls-dev git clone https://github.com/wolf9466/cpuminer-multi sudo apt-get install cmake libpthread-* libmicrohttpd-dev libssl-dev libhwloc-dev git clone https://github.com/fireice-uk/xmr-stak-cpu.git make install cd bin chmod +x xmr-stak-cpu ./xmr-stak -O xmr........
  • VMWare 6.7 VCSA VSphere ESXi Management SSO Install Guide on Linux using the CLI


    #mount the VCSA DVD mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd #alternatively you could mount the iso directly mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path #for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux cd /mnt/cd/vcsa-cli-installer/lin64 #no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file ./vcsa-deploy Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
  • Hard Drive Serial Number Examples


    The reason for this article is because a lot of us don't physically see our hard drives they are often remote in a datacenter etc and the actual serial number we see in SMART is not enough to check for some manufacturers. A good example is our first one the Toshiba === START OF INFORMATION SECTION === Device Model: TOSHIBA DT01ACA200 Serial Number: 33FMDW4AS........
  • How To Install Windows Server 7 8 10 12 2008 2012 2014 2016 Servers Desktops using Linux tftp, dhcpd and samba


    It has been a big pain for a long-time to install Windows from a Linux environment. I used to run a windows install server and it never worked right for some reason (the install would fail on most servers). Before getting start be sure to setup your samba share so once you boot into WinPE you can mount the install for whatever Windows you want /etc/samba/smb.conf [smbwinstall] path = /tftpboot/images/winstall guest ok = yes........
  • Centos 7 Root Password Reset


    In Centos 7 the days of editing the "kernel"line and adding "single"are gone. On top of that sometimes after a new install passwords do not work, maybe you forgot your password or for some other reason you need to break in or fix your system? It could also be because you can't mount your root / or some other /etc/fstab error and many other errors. Short Version: 1. Edit your grub settings and find the linux16 /vmlinu........
  • Centos How To Update to Glibc 2.14 Plus


    Centos 6 requires GLIBC 2.12 however a lot of new programs you would want to compile may need a newer glibc. You can't remove the old glibc since the whole OS is based on it but you can install the updated glibc alongside it and do an export pointing to your updated GLIBC. mkdir ~/glibc_install; cd ~/glibc_install wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/glibc/glibc-2.14.tar.gz........
  • GCC 5 on Centos 6 - How To Install


    Install requirements: yum -y install gmp-devel mpfr-devel libmpc-devel glibc-devel glibc-devel.i686 zip unzip jar Download, untar, configure, compile and install GCC http://mirrors.kernel.org/gnu/gcc/gcc-5.5.0/gcc-5.5.0.tar.gz tar -zxvf gcc-5.5.0.tar.gz cd gcc-5.5.0 ./configure make make install Now you need to cleanup th........
  • M2Crypto.SSL.Checker.WrongHost: Peer certificate subjectAltName does not match host, expected fedora-archive.ip-connect.vn.ua, got DNS:mirror.ip-connect.vn.ua


    You are using Centos 5 which is deprecated so nothing in yum will work until you follow this post to use the vault: http://realtechtalk.com/Centos_59_Working_Vault_Repo_file-1921-articles yum update Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * epel: fedora-archive.ip-connect.vn.ua Traceback........
  • linux cp and mv will not overwrite due to alias!


    This through me for a loop when I would do a cp -rf or mv -f nothing would get overwritten even if piping y or yes to the command. Type alias and you'll see why: alias cp='cp -i' alias l.='ls -d .* --color=auto' alias ll='ls -l --color=auto' alias ls='ls --color=auto' alias mv='mv -i' alias rm='rm -i' The -i is a safeguard against messing things up but however does mess things up worse when you know what........
  • vbulletin 4.2.5 after upgrading from 3.6 white screen fatal php errors


    The code may lead you to believe you have an incompatible template but if you are not trying to use an old template currently that is not the issue. I actually deleted all 3.x style templates to make sure. What the issue is, is old plugins that are not compatible but Vbulletin does not seem to account for this except that you'll see a fatal PHPerror. You should disable all plugins and then enable one by one until you find the one that is causing the issue. &........
  • kdenlive titles/text renders as white screen when using .sh script


    When using the .sh script the rendering doesn't work after an upgrade of related packages to kdenlive. kdenlive (kdenlive:amd64 (4:17.04.1+git201705191233~ubuntu16.04.1)) with affine or composite transitions was fine but is now broken during the time of transition it is just a white screen. The previous version was fine: kdenlive:amd64 (4:17.04.1+git201705191233~ubuntu16.04.1 But now I can't find it or install it:........
  • Wine uninstalled broken on Linux Mint


    Solution: Aptitude is very smart and fixed the issues it was because of nvidia cuda and opencl and nothing else suggested or hinted this using apt sudo aptitude install wine The following NEW packages will be installed: ocl-icd-libopencl1{ab} ocl-icd-libopencl1:i386{ab} wine wine1.6 wine1.6-amd64{a} wine1.6-i386:i386{a} The following packages will be REMOVED:........
  • ffmpeg Linux Mint download, compile and install howto


    #if you have nvidia make sure you install the nvidia-cuda-toolkit so hardware acceleration can be used wget http://ffmpeg.org/releases/ffmpeg-3.3.2.tar.bz2 tar -jxvf ffmpeg-3.3.2.tar.bz2 cd ffmpeg-3.3.2/ ./configure --disable-yasm install prefix /usr/local source path ........
  • Reading package lists... Done W: GPG error: http://ppa.launchpad.net trusty InRelease: The following signatures couldn't be verified because the public key is not available: NO_PUBKEY D46F45428842CE5E


    Still looking for the solution Working Solution 2017/07 sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys D46F45428842CE5E Solution gpg --keyserver hkp://subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys D46F45428842CE5E gpg: requesting key 8842CE5E from hkp server subkeys.pgp.net gpg: keyserver timed out gpg: keyserver........
  • USB 3.0 External HDD Enclosure Seagate UAS problems - [sdd] tag#1 CDB: Write(16) 8a 00 00 00 00 01 70 04 08 68 00 00 00 08 00 00


    This is a 8TB Seagate external USB 3.0 device apparently newer kernels use a module called "UAS" instead of "USB Storage" which causes issues as a lot of devices are not properly supported in UAS mode by the kernel driver. The solution some say is to disable UAS specifically for your USB device but I'd rather just disable UAS altogether. Solution blacklist UAS: *do not do this it does not work and just causes your USB 3.0........
  • Linux Mint Intel Screen Tearing Horizontal Line Solution Fix Intel i915 Intel HD 4400 GPU Debian / Ubuntu


    sudo mkdir -p /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/ sudo vi /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf On newer Ubuntu / Mint / Debian systems the file would go in: /usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf Type "i" and enter the following: Section "Device" Identifier "Intel Graphics" Driver&n........
  • USB Device/MP3 Player not working properly and can't browse the device filesystem? Check the cable twice and again!


    Here is a simple MP3 player and now there's a reason to understand why the supplied cable has some kind of capacitor and is very short. These devices can be VERY finicky and any voltage fluctuation or difference is enough to cause issues. Take for example the error messages from Linux Mint: [804829.895414] usb 1-1: USB disconnect, device number 11 [806961.109030] usb 1-1: new high-speed USB device number 12 using xhci_hcd........
  • [warn] RSA server certificate is a CA certificate (BasicConstraints: CA == TRUE !?) - Apache Error Solution


    Does this mean? [warn] RSA server certificate is a CA certificate (BasicConstraints: CA == TRUE !?) Basically it means you created your SSL Certificate as a CA the wrong way, usually with this command: openssl req -new -x509 -nodes -days 1530 -out server.crt -keyout server.key How can you fix it and do it properly? Step 1.) Make a new Private KeyCreate server pass key:........
  • Linux shows my drive as being dead is it really? Buffer I/O error on device sdb, logical block 0 sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] CDB: Read(10): 28 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 08 00


    Normally the below would indicate a failing or failed drive. In this case the SATA port was unplugged and sometimes the Linux kernel/motherboard even with AHCIjust don't play nice and can't handle it. What happened is Iplugged in a new drive after removing another one. However the log shows that after the old drive was plugged in the Linux kernel kept complaining thinking the drive was there but not responding properly. This continued even with reseating........
  • check if Apache uses worker MPM or prefork MPM


    apachectl -l Compiled in modules: core.c prefork.c http_core.c mod_so.c It is "prefork.c" so in httpd.conf these settings are what you would use (if you use worker.c it won't have any impact): StartServers 2 MinSpareServers 5 MaxSpareServers&nb........
  • PHP Parse error: syntax error, unexpected '[' in phpBB3/vendor/react/promise/src/functions.php on line 15


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    I decided on using yum to help me decide even though I normaly use proftpd I decided to see what else I could find. yum search ftp Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * rpmforge: ftp-stud.fht-esslingen.de * base: mirrors.netdna.com * updates: updates.interworx.info * addons: yum.singlehop.com * extras: mirrors.netdna.com rpmforge........
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  • pound a Linux Load Balance and Reverse Proxy


    I have played around with Pound a little bit. It is a reverse proxy and load balancer in one, and it can be used as only a reverse proxy if you like. It is very simple to configure as either, and Pound even senses if one of the systems is down and stops sending requests to the dead server. It supports SSL (but passes the request to the destination server unencrypted) and even the Apache log format. Pound is very simple, fast a........
  • Create/Enable SSL Certificates for Apache on Linux/Unix Systems eg. Redhat,Centos,Debian


    Shortcut/Easiest Way To Create A Self-Signed Key: openssl req -new -x509 -nodes -days 1530 -out server.crt -keyout server.key Using the above, you instantly create a self-signed certificate valid for 1530 days and you can simply skip to step #5.) below. If You Need a Real SSLCertificate (eg. Equifax/Openssl) then you need to create a CSR request (you'll need to follow Steps 1.) and 2.) in order to create the CSR. You then upload the CSR Certi........
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    This really is a difficult and confusing process for non-Mandarin speakers, but here's what I've done and learned so far: You can purchase an "M-Zone" China Mobile pre-paid SIMCard from almost anywhere but I tried to purchase mine from Suning (a large electronics dealer) hoping they would be able to help me or answer my questions but my plan didn't work out at all. At Suning once I found someone who spoke some English they gave me the 55 RMB M-Zone China Mobile P........
  • iPhone Enable Tethering Manually Update ipcc Carrier Settings/Update via SSH


    Everyone says there is a "manual" way of doing it and then they tell you to use iTunes, but if you're like me, you're travelling on business in a foreign country and your laptop does not have iTunes and you don't have a way of getting it and/or don't want it. For this example I'm using the provider "du" in Dubai, UAE (United Arab Emirates) but this method works for virtually all providers. The requirements in this case to truly "manually update........
  • sudo: Error dropping capabilities, aborting in Linux Centos 5.3


    For some reason Ikeep getting this error when trying to run a sudo command eg: sudo -u someuser somecommand sudo: Error dropping capabilities, aborting My version of sudo is:sudo-1.6.9p17-3.el5_3.1 and I've heard that version 1.7 fixes everything. The only thing is yum does not think sudo has any update. Iguess the new version has not been committed to the RPM repository yet. This is really a huge and ann........
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    When trying to even cd or ls the mounted OCFS2 partition it crashes. Ithink this is a combination of VMWare Server's problem and the way I mounted and symlinked to it. More than anything this shows the problem and lack of forsight with VMWare, but also that OCFS2 is easily crashed if you do strange things. Output of /var/log/messages for OCFS2 Apr 10 15:57:45 localhost kernel: [84331.691258] Modules linked in: vmnet vmci vmmon ocfs2_stac........
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    Server not using user level security and no password supplied. tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_WRONG_PASSWORD That happens when trying to use smbclient to connect to a share. The weird thing is that I can authnenticate just fine from Windows XP. It is partially my mistake, I forgot this share does have a password. I've tried authenticating with the correct user and also with "Guest" because this works in Windows. In Linux I ........
  • ENOM Major Outage


    At this time we can't resolve Enom's website and all DNS requests to their 4 primary name servers are failing, although the hostnames themselves still resolve: Name Server: DNS1.NAME-SERVICES.COM Name Server: DNS2.NAME-SERVICES.COM Name Server: DNS3.NAME-SERVICES.COM Name Server: DNS4.NAME-SERVICES.COM Name Server: DNS5.NAME-SERVICES.COM You would really think Enom, bein........
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    There's a lot of outdated information and confusion for system administrator's out there. One annoying task for many an Administrator has been backing up data in Linux. You don't need any GUI tools such as K3B or GnomeBaker. Both are excellent tools but for veteran command line users working remotely, using the keyboard is a great and possibly automated way to save yourself pain and hassle. At a later date we'll cover how scripting can automatically backup certain........
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