• CentOS 6 impossible to compile a newer libguestfs


    yum -y install gcc make gperf genisoimage flex bison ncurses ncurses-devel pcre-devel augeas-devel augeas readline-devel checking for cpio... cpio checking for gperf... no configure: error: gperf must be installed configure: error: Package requirements (augeas >= 1.2.0) were not met: Requested 'augeas >= 1.2.0' but version of augeas is 1.0.0 yum remove augeas augeas-libs augeas-devel wget http://downl........
  • How To Get Started on Ubuntu with gpt-2 OpenAI Text Prediction


    apt install software-properties-common add-apt-repository ppa:deadsnakes/ppa apt update apt install python3-pip apt install python3.7 curl gnupg python3.7-dev git ln -s /usr/bin/python3.7 /usr/bin/python3 pip3 install numpy keras_preprocessing curl https://bazel.build/bazel-release.pub.gpg | sudo apt-key add - echo "deb [arch=amd64] http://storage.googleapis.com/bazel-apt stable jdk1.8" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/bazel........
  • Linux How To Change NIC Name to eth0 instead of enps33 or enp0s25


    Most newer distros inexplicably cause your NIC to have what Icall "random" non-standard name conventions because of systemd. This is a big problem for many people and especially those running servers. Imagine that you have a static IPconfigured for ens33 but then the hard disk is moved to a newer system, the NIC could be anything from ens33 to enp0s1, meaning that manual intervention is required to go and update the NIC config file (eg. /etc/network/interfa........
  • Asterisk Does Not Retry When Authentication Fails


    When authentication times out that is one thing, but when it just fails like below Asterisk by default will not re-register until you the admin reload the sip or asterisk server: voipserver*CLI> sip show registry Host dnsmgr Username Refresh State&........
  • How To Speed Up Linux Ubuntu and Debian Based Computers By Improving CPU Performance and Changing the CPU Governor


    I used to believe that for Desktops especially that the "ondemand" CPUfrequency changing that kernels included with Ubuntu and Debian based distros have would be sufficient for snappy performance. However, you can feel the lack of performance on the fastest computer if you have ondemand. A lot of times even under high load 100% of your CPUfrequency in MHz will not be used. For example a 2.8Ghz CPUmay only run at 1.8MHz or even .9GHz. Now........
  • How To Install NextCloud on Centos 7 and Centos 8


    yum -y install wget unzip wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-18.0.2.zip unzip nextcloud-18.0.2.zip yum -y install php php-mysqlnd php-json php-zip php-dom php-xml php-libxml php-mbstring php-gd mysql mysql-server Last metadata expiration check: 0:58:02 ago on Fri 13 Mar 2020 02:12:49 PM EDT. Dependencies resolved. ===================================================================........
  • How To Install python 3.4 3.5 and up on Linux with wine - Working Solution


    This is sure simple if you follow the guide but it took a lot of hacking around to make this work on Debian/Ubuntu! Now before you ask why bother running wine and python, the reason is because Python executables are NOT cross-platform. If you run pyinstaller in Linux, that binary will only run on Linux and the same if you do it in Windows. So it is preferable if you have a single environment that you can create Linux and Windows binaries from rather than running 2 separate........
  • MySQL 5.7 on Debian and Ubuntu - How To Reset Root Password


    MySQL on Debian versions is configured differently than the native local MySQL plugin so you will be disappointed when your password on the mysql client fails by default. Here is how you reset the MySQL root password the proper and "working way" #first we gracefully stop mysql sudo systemctl stop mysql; #then we forcefully kill any mysqld process just in case sudo killall -9 mysqld mysqld_safe;........
  • mpv / mplayer with Radeon / AMD GPU Video Card Driver enable VDPAU GPU Accelerated Video Decoding


    The easiest way to know if your videos are playing with GPU acceleration are to watch the process of xplayer, mpv or whatever you are playing. The CPU usage should be no more than 10% for that process/program if it is using acceleration. Let's manually play with vdpau to make sure it works before we make it permanent: First make sure you have libvdpau installed: sudo apt install vdpau-driver-all If yo........
  • Ubuntu Linux Mint Debian xorg performance and tear-free tuning for AMD Radeon Based Cards


    I find that the default settings for the radeon driver that is applied to most AMD cards is horrible. For example by default TearFree is not enabled and it causes videos to have some kind of square artifacts. Here are the settings I have found most suitable for AMD cards: You need to create file in the following path and restart Xorg or your computer to apply it: *Beware that making a mistake here will possibly make your computer........
  • MySQL Cheatsheet Guide and Tutorial


    Create Database: create database yourdbname; Show All Databases: show databases; Change Database: use mysql; Drop / Delete a MySQL Database: drop database nameofyourdatabase;........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager Express Cheatsheet CUCME CME


    Getting started, let's enable ephones and DNs we can add a phone with a telephone number: Router>en Router#conf t Router(config)#telephony-service !this enables ephone registration otherwise phones cannot register Router(config-telephony)#ephone-reg !max-ephones 2 says we can have a maximum of 2 phones, change to your needs (or to the limit set by your IOS image) Router(config-telephony)#max-ephones 2 ........
  • Bind / named not responding to queries solution


    By default bind will not respond to outside queries for security reasons. In most distributions you will find the default in /etc/named.conf looks like this at the top under options: listen-on port 53 { 127.0.0.1; }; listen-on-v6 port 53 { ::1; }; directory "/var/named";........
  • Cisco IP Phone CP-8845 8800/8900 Series How To Reset To Factory Settings Instructions


    This would be crucial especially if the phone is hardened, not being able to reset or change settings could prevent a phone registering in a new environment or even when migrating from office to office. Updated Guide 1.) Reboot phone and hold the "#" key. 2.) Once the headset and volume key are green release the "#" key. 3.) Immediately press 123456789*0# (if you are successful when you press 1 the headset button should go d........
  • Linux Mint 18 Disable User Name List from showing on Login Screen


    Click "Administration" ->"Login Window"........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager / CUCM IP 8.6,10,12 Install Error Solution


    Install Errors on Version 12: This error happened on QEMU emulator version 2.11.1 pve-qemu-kvm_2.11.1-5 on Proxmox/Debian but installing on QEMU.12 on Centos 6 did not produce the error. *Update it is not related to the OS or QEMU version. This happened in Centos 6 too after a second install. What really causes this even though you successfully install........
  • Windows 7,8,10 and Server 2008, 2012, 2016, 2019 Read Only Attribute Won't Go Away


    I have seen this in a few rare cases after a reboot, where all folders and files will have the Read Only Attribute. If you uncheck it, it will just come back. It is more of a filesystem issue in Windows than a configuration issue and it looks like when Windows detects a badly corrupted filesystem that it will make things read-only, sort of like Linux would. If you are Administrator or the owner of the folder and this is happening it is probably due to the reasoning mention........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager 12 Install Errors on Proxmox/KVM


    The strange thing is that usually the first install or two will work on any new machine but then it suddenly won't. I had this experience on QEMU 2.13 on a different machine. There is something finicky or buggy about the CUCM installer even when choosing the same virtual hardware specs. qemu-kvm command: /usr/libexec/qemu-kvm -version QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.1 (qemu-kvm-0.12.1.2-2.506.el6_10.1), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard ........
  • the sign-in method you're trying to use isn't allowed. For more info, contact your network administrator - solution for active directory


    This is usually because the Group Policy forbids that user or group from logging in. run "gpmc" (not "gpedit.msc" as that is for local computer settings when you are not using Active Directory) or go to Administrative Tools and Group Policy Management. Edit the default domain policy like below........
  • chroot in Linux Howto Simple and Easy Guide


    chroot which stands for change root allows you to virtually operate in another operating system even though you haven't booted it. It is commonly used to deploy new distros, applications and to fix a broken Linux/Unix install or prep a new system image without having to physically boot the drive or disk. So in this example let's say we have a drive that has a Linux OS installed on /dev/sdb1 and we have mounted this partition on /mnt/sdb1 The key point is to edit the &quo........
  • qemu-kvm qemu-system Image format was not specified for '/mnt/space/cucm12.img' and probing guessed raw. Automatically detecting the format is dangerous for raw images, write operations on block 0 will be restricted. Specify the 'ra


    WARNING: Image format was not specified for '/mnt/space/cucm12.img' and probing guessed raw. Automatically detecting the format is dangerous for raw images, write operations on block 0 will be restricted. Specify the 'raw' format explicitly to remove the restrictions. #you should manually specify the format q........
  • Debian / Mint / Ubuntu net-tools packages provides netstat, ifconfig, route, arp and other classic network admin tools


    The net-tools command brings back all of the oldschool tools that we're used to: /bin/netstat /sbin/ifconfig /sbin/ipmaddr /sbin/iptunnel /sbin/mii-tool /sbin/nameif /sbin/plipconfig /sbin/rarp........
  • iptables linux firewall recommended rules for public computing


    Whether you are at work, at the coffee shop or on the public internet here are some basic but effective rules for iptables that lock things down (eg. no one can SMB or SSH to you or really anything): # Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Fri Dec 14 14:00:08 2018 *nat :PREROUTING ACCEPT [160:19844] :INPUT ACCEPT [4:357] :OUTPUT ACCEPT [2955:182236] :POSTROUTING ACCEPT [2955:182236] COMMIT # Completed on Fri Dec 14........
  • LVM How To Create Pool (dynamically allocated and not fully allocated)


    The main use I have for this is virtual servers being able to use an LVM volume but not occupying all of the space. It saves time in deploying machines and copying them so you are only copying the space they are using (eg. 5GB / 60GB vs the full 60GB). There are some disadvantages which is mainly the fact that thin pools by their nature allow you to "overallocate" disk space which is that you could use more space than is available on the disk itself and corrupt your data........
  • PHP Issues With Decoding Strange Smart Quotes And Non-Standard ASCII Characters


    When using strip_tags and html_entity_decode with PHPit often breaks and produces annoying diamonds with question marks. It is probably because of characters like these: … (looks like 3 dots but it is a single weird character). ’ (looks like a normal apostraphe but it is not) ” (looks like a normal double quote but it is not). An easy way to sort this out is to copy the above and search in an ASCII table to extend the functional........
  • /etc/iproute2/rt_tables default settings file in Linux Centos 6,7 and most other NIX's


    This should apply to most Linux distributions just incase you get into trouble or wipe out the defaults by accident. /etc/iproute2/rt_tables # # reserved values # 255 local 254 main 253 default 0 unspec # # local # #1 inr.ruhep........
  • How Does Cisco CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) Work?


    Cisco's CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) is a system that combines voice, video, data and mobile products into a single unified management suite. At its core, the CUCMis like a "Super PBX" that controls the flow of all communications through an organization even single or multiple site deployments. Cisco's CUCMmakes communication more effective and simple through centralized management and unification of communications resources.........
  • systemd management using systemctl and journalctl to check systemd logs


    systemd is like the service manager for your Centos and other modern Linux distributions (including Debian/Mint/Ubuntu) allows you to enable services, stop them, restart them, check their status and even reboot your system. The key commands or arguments you will use with systemctl are the following: Unit Commands: list-units [PATTERN...] List loaded units &nbs........
  • Linux What is umask (user mask) for file and directory creation permissions and how to calculate umask and change the defaults


    umask are the default permissions that are applied when a file or directory are created. To see this in action simply just "touch filename" or "mkdir somedir" and you'll see what default permissions are applied. The first thing Ialways tell people you should know is to NEVER change the defaults unless you are making them more restrictive. But they work well and if you change the defaults you could end up creating a file without permission to read........
  • genisoimage errors with long filenames and deep directory structures


    You'll have to violate the iso9660 standards but it is necessary if you want to preserve your filesystem and filenames and shouldn't be an issue as long as you are using a modern OS like Linux. genisoimage -o Backup-Myfiles.iso -r -J -joliet-long /some/path/ You will get errors like below (even enabling joliet-long didn't help) genisoimage: Error: /some/filename.pdf have the same Joliet name Joliet tree sort failed. The -joliet-lo........
  • HP DL385 G7 Linux BIOS Update Flash


    wget https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe --2018-08-16 05:11:16-- https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe Resolving downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)... 15.249.152.85 Connecting to downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)|15.249.152.85|:443... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 1525561 (1.5........
  • Proxmox error uploading an iso solution


    Error 0 occurred while receiving the document root@vh1:/var/tmp# wget http://mirror.compevo.com/proxmox/proxmox-ve_5.2-1.iso --2018-08-30 16:27:37-- http://mirror.compevo.com/proxmox/proxmox-ve_5.2-1.iso Resolving mirror.compevo.com (mirror.compevo.com)... 103.25.61.44 Connecting to mirror.compevo.com (mirror.compevo.com)|103.25.61.44|:80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 641517568 (612M) [application/o........
  • vmkping -I vmk1 10.0.2.69 PING 10.0.2.69 (10.0.2.69): 56 data bytes sendto() failed (Host is down)


    [root@localhost:~] vmkping -I vmk1 10.0.2.69 PING 10.0.2.69 (10.0.2.69): 56 data bytes sendto() failed (Host is down) vsphere distributed switch vmotion not working [root@localhost:~] esxcfg-route -l VMkernel Routes: Network Netmask Gateway Interface&........
  • VMWare ESXi 6.7 SSH/PowerShell CLI Commands


    [root@localhost:~] BootModuleConfig.sh echo host-ind nfcd........
  • Debian Mint Ubuntu compiling xmr-stak


    sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev git build-essential autotools-dev autoconf libcurl3 sudo apt-get install libcurl4-gnutls-dev git clone https://github.com/wolf9466/cpuminer-multi sudo apt-get install cmake libpthread-* libmicrohttpd-dev libssl-dev libhwloc-dev git clone https://github.com/fireice-uk/xmr-stak-cpu.git make install cd bin chmod +x xmr-stak-cpu ./xmr-stak -O xmr........
  • Linux How To Rename Files


    To remove all spaces from all files in the current directory linux rename remove spaces rename "s/ //g" * how to replace part of the text with another (it is almost like using sed): rename s/"Screenshot at 2019-04-22 "/"AC97-Windows-InstallSolution"/g * The first part "Screenshot at 2019-04-22" is what we're looking for The........
  • Linux Mint 18 Screen Goes Dark or Black After Screensaver or even when using the Desktop Solution


    You can search for this bug and it seems like it may be related to ecryptfs and is many years old. The symptoms are that you return to the computer and the screensaver was active or the screen was asleep/black and it doesn't seem to come back. But you check by SSH the computer is running fine and are frustrated you'll lose your running programs and have to reboot. There is a simple solution: Ctrl + Alt + F1 Ctrl +Alt + F8 Ba........
  • VMWare 6.7 VCSA VSphere ESXi Management SSO Install Guide on Linux using the CLI


    #mount the VCSA DVD mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd #alternatively you could mount the iso directly mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path #for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux cd /mnt/cd/vcsa-cli-installer/lin64 #no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file ./vcsa-deploy Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
  • Cannot create gradle for conversations


    The main issue is it looks like Java is not configured to accept the invalid ssl cert that is coming from the download location. Exception in thread "main" java.lang.RuntimeException: javax.net.ssl.SSLException: java.security.ProviderException: java.security.InvalidKeyException: EC parameters error export ANDROID_HOME=/home/user/Downloads/tools/ Conversations-master$ ./gradlew Downloading https://services.gradle.org/distributions/grad........
  • No comments are allowed here Internal Server Error The server encountered an internal error or misconfiguration and was unable to complete your request.


    Internal Server Error The server encountered an internal error or misconfiguration and was unable to complete your request. Please contact the server administrator, root@localhost and inform them of the time the error occurred, and anything you might have done that may have caused the error. More information about this error may be available in the server error log. Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS) Server at testdomain.com Port 80........
  • Linux Mint Black Screen after boot no graphics solution


    This is not the normal "black screen"issue and I was shocked to eventually find out why. The normal advice of reconfiguring Xorg didn't work. Even booting into "Recovery Mode" did not help. Here is the short end of the stick that fixed it: sudo apt-get install mdm mate-desktop-environment Yes you got it right, mdm and the mate-desktop-environment / gnome were somehow uninstalled. This must be whe........
  • Centos PXEBoot NetInstall Failure - Pane is dead


    ValueError: new value non-existent xfs filesystem is not valid as a default fs type Pane is dead From what Iread this is misleading and has to do with the fact that the initrd and kernel are mismatched. This is a hard situation because for some older hardware Iam using the Centos Plus kernel which has modules that Irequire for an older server/NIC. This seems to have cropped up in the past few months and there is no simple fix........
  • Linux Ubuntu Mint Debian cannot play xvid,x264,mp4 or any videos codec issue - xplayer Could not initialize supporting library.


    In xplayer Iget the following error "Could not initialize supporting library.". It actually looks more like a gstreamer issue. For those wondering what the default video player is called it is "xvid" and not "totem" anymore like previous versions. Basically it looks like some codecs are missing when I uninstalled another program it uninstalled other programs and codecs that it shouldn't have. I've tried installing all the gstre........
  • php remove last letters of string


    $title_clean = substr($title,0,-3); In the above example the last 3 characters will be removed from the string "$title". You can of course have the last X removed by changing -3 to -X........
  • How To Secure Samba NMBD/SMBD to bind to a specific IP address


    By default Samba SMB/NMB listen on ANY and ALLIPs on your system by binding to 0.0.0.0. Obviously this is a huge security risk if you have a public facing server with both internal and external access. Usually when a system administrator sets up a samba server their intention is just to share with a LAN. To do this you need to the following options under the [global] section in smb.conf bind interfaces only = yes interfaces = 192........
  • pcimodules and lspci not working alternative solution


    pcimodules no longer works it produces nothing probably because the format of /sys/bus/pci is different. lspci -k doesn't work on older lspci versions. pciutils can be compiled but it won't work if you have an old system and compile on a newer glibc. iteriate through /sys/bus/pci/devices/*/modalias cat /sys/bus/pci/devices/*/modalias pci:v00008086d00001237sv00000000sd00000000bc06sc00i00 pci:v00008086d00007000sv0000000........
  • vbulletin 4.2.5 after upgrading from 3.6 white screen fatal php errors


    The code may lead you to believe you have an incompatible template but if you are not trying to use an old template currently that is not the issue. I actually deleted all 3.x style templates to make sure. What the issue is, is old plugins that are not compatible but Vbulletin does not seem to account for this except that you'll see a fatal PHPerror. You should disable all plugins and then enable one by one until you find the one that is causing the issue. &........
  • kdenlive titles/text renders as white screen when using .sh script


    When using the .sh script the rendering doesn't work after an upgrade of related packages to kdenlive. kdenlive (kdenlive:amd64 (4:17.04.1+git201705191233~ubuntu16.04.1)) with affine or composite transitions was fine but is now broken during the time of transition it is just a white screen. The previous version was fine: kdenlive:amd64 (4:17.04.1+git201705191233~ubuntu16.04.1 But now I can't find it or install it:........
  • ffmpeg how to watermark and concatenate in one command


    If you were in my boat you were frustrated that you had to double encode, eg. one separate encode for watermark and a separate from concat and it's not easy to figure out this with ffmpeg on your own. However it is a nice way to save time! ffmpeg -i file1.mp4 -i file2.mp4 -i file3.mp4 -i watermark.png -filter_complex "[0:v]setpts=PTS-STARTPTS[v0]; [1:v]setpts=PTS-STARTPTS[v1]; [2:v]setpts=PTS-STARTPTS[v2]; [v0][0:a][v1][1:a][v2][2:a]concat=n=3:v=1:a=1[v][aout]; [v][3:........
  • ffmpeg trouble concatenating similar but different files


    When things go wrong your video is basically unplayable or the first video plays fine and then freezes when moving on to the next. Generally if both videos weren't produced with the exact 100% same settings you will have issues. You can try the basic concat but it often won't work right. Solution for me: My example uses 3 videos in total so "n=3" and a=1 to include audio. ffmpeg -threads 12 -i file1.mp4 -........
  • ffmpeg Unable to Use Hardware Encoding with Nvidia 3.40 Driver and GT210 card


    I believe from what I've read that this card's driver doesn't support the features after trying all known troubleshooting methods. ffmpeg -i uservideoRendered.mp4 -filter:v hwupload_cuda,scale_npp=w=1920:h=1080:format=nv12:interp_algo=lanczos,hwdownload -c:v hevc_nvenc -profile main -preset slow -rc vbr_hq -c:a copy uservideoRendered.mp4-test ffmpeg -i uservideoRendered.mp4 -filter:v hwupload_cuda,scale_npp=w=1920:h=1080:format=nv12:interp_algo=lanczos,hwdownload........
  • Linux Mint USB Kernel Tainted and Locked Port/Dev File


    Essentially a program I was running for mining did not terminate properly with Ctrl+C it is listed as defunct and cannot be killed, kernel is tainted and normal tricks to disable the port are impossible the dev and sys entries for the device cannot be browsed or interacted with in any form without a lockup of the request. The only solution is to reboot due to the kernel taint as far as I can find so far. [1130246.811056] INFO: task minerd:21861 blocked for more th........
  • ffmpeg Linux Mint download, compile and install howto


    #if you have nvidia make sure you install the nvidia-cuda-toolkit so hardware acceleration can be used wget http://ffmpeg.org/releases/ffmpeg-3.3.2.tar.bz2 tar -jxvf ffmpeg-3.3.2.tar.bz2 cd ffmpeg-3.3.2/ ./configure --disable-yasm install prefix /usr/local source path ........
  • How to change reserved blocks in Linux partition


    user@box:~$ sudo tune2fs -l /dev/md99 [sudo] password for user: tune2fs 1.42.9 (4-Feb-2014) Filesystem volume name: Last mounted on: /mnt/md50 Filesystem UUID: 976a8655-2619-4587-878c-dab07f7b7652 Filesystem magic number: 0xEF53 Filesystem revision #: 1 (dynamic) Fi........
  • Why won't my Linux Mint boot after I manually installed a new kernel?


    Why won't my Linux Mint boot after I manually installed a new kernel? eg. apt-get install linux-image-newerone Do this dpkg -l|grep linux-image|grep extra ii linux-image-extra-3.16.0-38-generic 3.16.0-38.52~14.04.1&nb........
  • cudaminer freezes Linux Mint taints kernel


    When running cudaminer once it tries to initialize the card the entire screen freezes. The computer itself is still running but the Xorg is done for, you cannot even switch to another console window and must reboot (even an mdm or Xorg restart does not help). At first cudaminer will give you these errors: stratrum_recv_line failed ...retry after 15 seconds GPU #0: Geforce 210 with compute ca........
  • imagemagick pdf convert error solution - **** Warning: can't process font stream, loading font by the name. Can't find CMap Identity-UTF16-H building a CIDDecoding resource. Warning: falling back to Identity ordering **** Error reading a conte


    **** Warning: can't process font stream, loading font by the name. Can't find CMap Identity-UTF16-H building a CIDDecoding resource. Warning: falling back to Identity ordering **** Error reading a content stream. The page may be incomplete. **** File did not complete the page properly and may be damaged. **** This file had errors that were repaired or ignored. ****........
  • Centos/Linux Bash Script Warning when exiting/logging out of bash/shell/terminal for scripts running in the background


    This is mainly the case on Centos but applies to other distros and situations. If you are running programs in the background with the &, at least in Centos it is usually not honored and if you quit or are disconnected the backgrounded programs will be sent sighup and be shut down. The simplest way around this instead of using & is to start any programs or commands with "nohup" Eg. nohup yourscript.sh........
  • Openshot 2.2 is very unstable always crashing in Linux Mint 18.1!


    Jun 1 15:45:42 videoeditor-desktop org.mate.panel.applet.MintMenuAppletFactory[1882]: project_data:INFO Missing folder chosen by user: Jun 1 15:45:42 videoeditor-desktop org.mate.panel.applet.MintMenuAppletFactory[1882]: project_data:INFO Removed missing file: MAH02949.MP4 Jun 1 15:45:57 videoeditor-desktop org.mate.panel.applet.MintMenuAppletFactory[1882]: ui_util:WARNING Icon theme media-playback-start not found. Will use backup........
  • Track 01: 34 of 1726 MB written (fifo 100%) [buf 99%] 3.6x.Errno: 5 (Input/output error), write_g1 scsi sendcmd: cmd timeout after 1.897 (40) s CDB: 2A 00 00 00 44 A9 00 00 1F 00 resid: 6144 cmd finished after 1.897s timeout 40s write track da


    These errors believe it or not are simply because of not being the root user or running with sudo! However if you didn't know to try as root you'd think there was a problem with your burner or disc Essentially it looks like without root you cannot send the required scsi commands to continue writing. Ithink cdrecord should have built-in tests or safeguards to see if it has the permissions to run the required commands. I guess for more advanced users the idea is simila........
  • [warn] RSA server certificate is a CA certificate (BasicConstraints: CA == TRUE !?) - Apache Error Solution


    Does this mean? [warn] RSA server certificate is a CA certificate (BasicConstraints: CA == TRUE !?) Basically it means you created your SSL Certificate as a CA the wrong way, usually with this command: openssl req -new -x509 -nodes -days 1530 -out server.crt -keyout server.key How can you fix it and do it properly? Step 1.) Make a new Private KeyCreate server pass key:........
  • Linux Mint/Ubuntu/Debian Nvidia driver becomes slow graphics performance issue


    I've had this issue since Ubuntu 9 and now even on Linux Mint 17 no matter what latest version of the Nvidia proprietary driver that I use. It just becomes slower and slower and only gets better after rebooting or restarting Xorg. Someone here has it as well https://askubuntu.com/questions/822449/graphics-becomes-slow-after-a-while/917886 It's very fru........
  • ubuntu Linux colour dropper picker


    gpick is a great and simple tool now that I now how to use it sudo apt-get install gpick The trick is to find "the swatch" I was in a rush and was frustrated that it wouldn't work how Iexpected and I had to memorize the hex code of the color my mouse was over. There is something it tells you to do which is "Click on the swatch area" (click onthe honeycomb graphic area that is the s........
  • Linux SAMBA does not work with symlinks


    At first I thought it's just not possible but there is actually an option that can be enabled to make symlinks work with Samba. Then I put this under the [global] section Note: It's "wide links" and not "wide symlinks" (some other sites have incorrect info which was a frustrating waste of time :)) Add this to your smb.conf follow symlinks = yes wide links = yes unix ex........
  • Centos 5 OpenSSL does not support TLS 1.2 Apache Error


    [Thu Jan 26 14:13:31 2017] [notice] caught SIGTERM, shutting down [Thu Jan 26 14:14:00 2017] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec) [Thu Jan 26 14:14:00 2017] [error] Server certificate is expired: 'Server-Cert' [Thu Jan 26 14:14:00 2017] [notice] SSL FIPS mode disabled [Thu Jan 26 14:14:07 2017] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec) [Thu Jan 26 14:14:07 2017] [error] Server certificate is expired: 'Server-Ce........
  • How to Properly Secure SSL/TLS Apache Settings against Heartbleed Poodle (TLS) Poodle (SSLv3) FREAK BEAST CRIME


    Many users still are not aware but simply patching OpenSSL does not secure you against many known and easy to exploit attacks that will render your encryption useless by an attacker. Use the following setings in /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf SSLCipherSuite "EECDH+ECDSA+AESGCM EECDH+aRSA+AESGCM EECDH+ECDSA+SHA384 EECDH+ECDSA+SHA256 EECDH+aRSA+SHA384 EECDH+aRSA+SHA256 EECDH EDH+aRSA !CAMELLIA !SEED !3DES !RC4 !aNULL !eNULL !LOW !MD5 !EXP !PSK !........
  • iptables how to forward localhost port to remote public IP


    iptables -t nat -A OUTPUT -m addrtype --src-type LOCAL --dst-type LOCAL -p tcp --dport 3306 -j DNAT --to-destination ip.ip.ip.ip iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -m addrtype --src-type LOCAL --dst-type UNICAST -j MASQUERADE sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet=1 Make sure you substitute "ip.ip.ip.ip" for your real public IP and also the "--dport 3306" for the port you want to forward. Finally run the sysctl command and........
  • forcedeth MCP55 Nforce3600 Nvidia Network NIC Card Not working in Linux at 1gigabit speeds


    Now many people report this card simply not working in various Linux distros and kernels. My issue is different, it always works at 100mbit (eg. plugged into a 100mbit switch) but no matter what 1000M/gigabit switch I would try, it would never work. The link would be up (the lights were on) and the OS detected the link as being up as well but it wouldn't work at all and could not pass data in or out (not even a ack/ping). There is one simple solution and command........
  • How to Normalize and Increase the Volume on M4A files in Linux


    M4A is a weird format, so you have to be creative here is a quick copy of what I did. Basically you need to convert to .wav to make use of them and thenI converted the resulting .wav into an mp3 (nice small file size and basically universally playable): ======= sudo apt-get install mpg321 mp3gain faad normalize lame faad "Voice 002 (copy).m4a" faad "Voice 002 (copy).m4a"........
  • Linux Mint 17 How to Enable File Sharing Option in File Manager


    I still cannot understand how this would not be enabled by default and I struggled to find the reason why with manually installing samba etc.. wondering why the option for sharing was not in the menu. On Linux Mint "MATE" the package is called "caja-share" and on Cinnamon it is called "nemo-share" so edit the below command as necessary: *Also note that the "samba" package is necessary as it is not inst........
  • astrachat connection problems in Android 5.01 Lollipop


    I wanted to use Astrachat because it seems to be the only app that has video, pic and file sharing for Jabber butI cannot even connect despite any other client working fine including Xabber and others. astrachat "Oops.. We can't connect to the account that you provide above. Please recheck your account detail". Unfortunately to make it worse there doesn't seem to be any error log or more details about the issue. The jab........
  • mysql_real_escape_string returns an empty string solution


    This is a common mistake but many people do not realize this function comes from mysql itself, so therefore you need an active mysql connection open. Usually the string will be empty and null when you call it from outside of the database connection portion of your code. eg. an example of the wrong way and creating a null/empty string $var = mysql_real_escape_string($myself) mysql_connect(); // returns n........
  • Nvidia Linux Card not working due to LSI 9200/SAS2008 IRQ conflict


    At first my BIOS said the card may not work right because there is no more option ROM space. I disabled the Option ROM for both LSI 1068 and 2008 chipsets, Network Boot ROM and most other PCI slots, Serial Port, etc... and the message went away but the card still does not work properly. But it still cannot initialize the card properly(does not work): [ 33.943272] NVRM: This PCI I/O region assigned to your NVIDIA device is invalid:........
  • Check Linux Ubuntu/Debian/Mint Version from Command Line


    To check the version of Ubuntu just use the lsb_release command as shown below and you will be able to see the exact Ubuntu version you have installed. lsb_release -a No LSB modules are available. Distributor ID: Ubuntu Description: Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Release: 14.04 Codename: trusty........
  • MySQL PHP adding a backslash/escaping apostrophes Solution


    The first thing to diagnose is what is actually in the database (use PHPMyAdmin or CLI). You will of course either find that the backslash is either in the database or not. If the backslash is in the database you probably have magic quotes gpc/runtime on and/or are calling the "addslashes()" function which does this. If you are escaping your data with mysql_real_escape_string() then think again, you probably have magic quotes gpc enabled either in php.ini or........
  • Avocent 8020 KVM Java Icedtea Viewer


    This command in Debian/Ubuntu/Mint will get everything need installed for most Java based KVM viewers: sudo apt install icedtea-netx The following additional packages will be installed: ca-certificates-java icedtea-netx-common openjdk-8-jre openjdk-8-jre-headless It seems every other updated version of Java or Icedtea breaks things and I will save the frustration of Java for another post.........
  • tsclient (Terminal Server RDP Client) missing in Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint


    This was a horrible shock after upgrading fromUbuntu 9 to Linux Mint 17 and I found that the last distro to support tsclient was Debian Squeeze. For some reason it has disappeared for a long time and the new options such as rdesktop and gnome-rdp do not have any start menu entry and just aren't done as well as tsclient. Fortunately there is a solution: tsclient surprisingly can be downloaded as a direct .deb package and it fails with some variou........
  • Centos installing grub problems suspect gpt problem


    grub> root (hd0,0) root (hd0,0) Filesystem type is ext2fs, partition type 0xfd grub> setup (hd0) setup (hd0) But if you do: root (hd1,0) setup (hd1) it does work, I think hd0/sda had a GPT partition that was not removed properly (what I did was just dd bs=512 count=1 the partition table from another drive since the partition table should be identical). Checking if "/boot/grub/........
  • linux bash mass rename tool Centos/Debian/Ubuntu


    Say you have a bunch of files like this: file-01.jpg file-02.jpg ............... What if you want to mass rename them? the rename tool can work just like sed For Debian based distros: Note "file" is what we search for and "newname" is what we replace it with, so substitute according to your requirements. rename s/file/newname/ name-file-*.jpg For R........
  • Centos 6 how to guide convert LVM non-RAID into mdadm 1/10 RAID array live without reinstalling


    Here is the scenario you or a client have a remote machine that was installed as a standard/default minimal Centos 6.x machine on a single disk with LVM for whatever reason. Often many people do not know how to install it to a RAID array so it is common to have this problem and why reinstall if you don't need to? In some cases on a remote system you can't easily reinstall without physical or KVM access. So in this case you add a second physical or disk or already ha........
  • openvz yum problem Centos 6.5 cannot find file on mirror:


    #solution Edit /etc/yum.repos.d/openvz.repo For the first two entries comment out #mirrorlist and uncomment #baseurl and then it worked openvz yum problem Centos 6.5 cannot find file on mirror: yum update Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Determining fastest mirrors * openvz-kernel-rhel6: mirrors.ustc.edu.cn * openvz-utils: mirrors.ustc.edu.cn base ........
  • ONVIF Linux Security Camera Setup


    First of all this seems to apply to many ONVIF devices Hard coded IP: 192.168.1.10 (yes not kidding no DHCP!) 00:12:12:9C:C2:00 To view RTSP stream use VLC, or openRTSP or other RTSP capable software: rtsp://192.168.1.10/user=admin_password=tlJwpbo6_channel=1_stream=0.sdp user: admin password: blank http://ip/Login.htm Uses Quicktime and is a poor quality picture and slow Cannot change pass........
  • Installing zoneminder on Ubuntu/Debian Linux Howto


    sudo apt-get install zoneminder [sudo] password for one: Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: libuser-perl python-evince kdebase-apps kwrite unixodbc libgnomeprint2.2-data python-soappy vgabios python-metacity hddtemp python-mediaprof........
  • Centos/obfsproxy errors


    I never did get it working, it is too bad as obfsproxy should really be an option and integrated into the OpenVPN client and server or something similar: yum -y install python-pip python-devel No package python-pip available. #install the EPEL repo python-pip install obfsproxy python-pip install obfsproxy -bash: python-pip: command not found pip install obfsproxy &........
  • HP Procurve Switch 2824 CLI Telnet Experience , Guide and Tutorial


    telnet 192.168.1.54 ------------------------------------- ProCurve J4903A Switch 2824 Software revision I.10.77 Copyright (C) 1991-2009 Hewlett-Packard Co. All Rights Reserved. RESTRICTED RIGHTS LEGEND Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject........
  • HP XW9400 Motherboard In Desktop Issues


    Fortunately the format is EATX so an EATX case will work and the screw layout is standard. You will need to remove the HEX/TORX screws that are connecting the stock HP standoffs (meant to slide into an HP case). XW9400 Motherboard Issues Size: 12" x 13" Proprietary Power Connector Proprietary CPU Power Connector Proprietary Memory Power Connector Fan connectors are 4 pin so you will need some kind of adapter.........
  • Unable to configure RSA server private key SSL Library Error: 185073780 error:0B080074:x509 certificate routines:X509_check_private_key:key values mismatch


    [Tue Jun 23 02:05:52 2015] [error] Unable to configure RSA server private key [Tue Jun 23 02:05:52 2015] [error] SSL Library Error: 185073780 error:0B080074:x509 certificate routines:X509_check_private_key:key values mismatch The above is an accurate description of what is wrong. In our case the client made a simple mistake of thinking the localhost.crt and localhost.key (default key locations for Apache SSL in Centos) were in the same directory but they we........
  • htaccess modrewrite query string to another URL howto


    This example is based on Wordpress but applies to any other query string eg. http://wordpress.com/?p=55 If you want to manually redirect that p=55 to /some/other/url how do you do it? RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} p=55 [NC] RewriteRule .* /new-url/? [R=301,L] You can change the p=55 to whatever your query string looks like. Remember to keep the "?" at the end of the new URLunless you really want the query s........
  • Dell CS10-F1D Server Info lspci Linux specs


    0000:00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000P Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev b1) 0000:00:02.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 2-3 (rev b1) 0000:00:03.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 3 (rev b1) 0000:00:04.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 4-5 (rev b1) 0000:00:05.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x4........
  • VPN Account Buyers Guide and General Info


    What does VPN stand for? VPN stands for Virtual Private Network and is a secure way of connecting networks and devices. In the context we're talking about it will usually be a client-server solution and not connecting whole networks or businesses. The assumption is that most people reading this are trying to secure their internet connection, privacy and hide or change their IPaddress. Why use a VPN? There are many........
  • PHP Issues with Joomla Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically


    This is basically caused by upgrading PHPto a new version like 5.4 when you had 5.2 before and an old version of Joomla. The only solution is to upgrade Joomla or downgrade PHP, both of which can be a pain. Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/userdir/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 29 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be ca........
  • How to root and unlock S4 in Canada Bell/Rogers/Telus/Fido I337 4.4.2


    i337 Canada on Bell is hard to root or even install TWRP Installed TWRP from Odin and my computer gave me the bluescreen at the end but it seemed to be successful (after ODIN said reset). TWRP mode does not seem to enter, instead you get the Android recovery mode with Volume up + Home http://galaxys4root.com/galaxy-s4-root/how-to-root-att-or-verizon-galaxy-s4-on-android-4-4-2/ 1.)........
  • Samsung Galaxy Note Upgrade/Update Experience from 4.0.4 with aftermarket ROMs


    It really seems that 4.4.4 is not ready or stable for the i717 yet and this makes sense since it takes a lot of work/development and testing to get the factory stock ROMs working well. In the end I used the 4.1.2 based Blackstra BlackJelly because it was fast, stable and just works and feels great. The aftermarket support is great but many devs are focussed on adding features and customization that most of us don't want or need rather than getting things smooth and stable.........
  • .htaccess mod_rewrite preserve access to custom query string solution


    I struggled with this for awhile because sometimes you have rewritten URLs that you want to pass a query string but most of the info and examples do not support this. Take a typical example like this: RewriteRule ^(.*)-(.*)-(.*) /?module=$3&id=$2 You need to add the QSA flag to make it work like below: RewriteRule ^(.*)-(.*)-(.*) /?module=$3&id=$2 [QSA] The QSA preserves the original query string but also appends it wit........
  • Thunderbird Error An error occurred while loading or saving configuration information for thunderbird. Some of your configuration settings may not work properly.


    This error seems to happen randomly and especially when trying to send e-mails. Apparently it's a long-standing GNome bug but is also partially the default of Thunderbird depending on who you ask. There is no known fix that I'm aware of except to upgrade gnome and the gvfs package but this is not an option for older versions/distributions. An error occurred while loading or saving configuration information for thunderbird. Some of your configuration settings may not........
  • CPanel Link to all of the command line options


    CPanel says you can access 98% of the functions through CLI which experienced Unix/Linux admins prefer for simplicity and for scripting.  I've never found CPanel easy to use from the admin panel, it seems everything is hard to find and a simple task becomes a series of hunts. So for people like me here's the list: http://cpanel.net/system-administrators/command-line-scrip........
  • phpBB create new email hash manually when modifying or adding user manually directly through MySQL


    Many may ask why would you need to do this? When upgrading from phpBB 2 to 3 the conversion does not keep the admin user you create. If your old admin user has an email address associated that no longer works or is accessible this makes it impossible to reset the admin password. Some may just say "I'll just manually edit the e-mail address" but it won't work and phpBB will fail to find that user if you don't update the "user_email_hash" field but how do........
  • The Best NoSQL Solution


    To first start off, there are many misconceptions about NoSQL and especially its strengths and weaknesses. Even the popular NoSQL solution MongoDB is fraught with issues that no one seems to be concerned about aside from a few but there are serious issues with database integrity and verified writes. MySQL was considered dangerous or incomplete at one point without having the transactional safety features of Oracle for example. However the NoSQLimplementations seem........
  • error: Legacy syntax is unsupported: copyright error: line 10: Unknown tag: Copyright: distributable


    Usually just modify the .spec file to resolve this: vi specfile.spec Change "Copyright: GPL" to "License: GPL" and try again.........
  • drbd won't sync 8.3.13 on OpenVZ kernel


    I used the matching 8.3.13 utilities and it didn't work but strangely the newer 8.3.16 which makes DRBD complain works just fine. GIT-hash: 83ca112086600faacab2f157bc5a9324f7bd7f77 build by root@sighted, 2012-10-09 12:47:51  0: cs:SyncSource ro:Secondary/Primary ds:UpToDate/Inconsistent A r-----     ns:0 nr:0 dw:0 dr:0 al:0 bm:0 lo:0 pe:0 ua:0 ap:0 ep:1 wo:b oos:5236960   &am........
  • How to Enable RDP Remote Desktop in Windows 2008 Server


    Start -> Administrative Tools ->Server Manager Under "Computer Information" click "Configure Remote Desktop". Under "System Properties" choose the type of "Allow connections" you want. That's all there is to enabling RDP Access in 2008 server.........
  • cPanel VPS Server Cannot Login as root


    I was worried the server was hacked, I was logged in already as root but couldn't login to CPanel or a new SSHsession. I even reset the password from the shell and it did not work still. The reason is CPanel Hulk, it detected a brute-force attack so it locked down the root account entirely even from the correct password. According to cPanel the best way around this is to whitelist your IP.........
  • Asterisk iptables block bruteforce attacks howto with fail2ban


    yum -y install fail2ban vi /etc/fail2ban/jail.conf [asterisk-tcp] enabled = true filter = asterisk action = iptables-multiport[name=asterisk-tcp, port="5060,5061", protocol=tcp] sendmail-whois[name=Asterisk, dest=you@example.com, sender=fail2ban@example.com] logpath = /var/log/asterisk/messages maxret........
  • Linux Bash Remove Last Character from string/variable howto


    somestring="309sfjlks39889d" removelast="${somestring%?}........
  • Linux Howto Mount CD/DVD drive for sharing for other users


    sudo mount -o user /dev/sr0 cd You need the "user"option otherwise non-root or non-owners cannot view the CD and this would make it so no anonymous access to the CD/DVD mount would work. Note that most distributions including Ubuntu DONOT work unless you manually mount and share as shown above (Icouldn't find any other way in Ubuntu).........
  • KVM on Centos 6.3 cannot boot FreeBSD 9.2 AMD64


    On the same OS with the same kernels basically I cannot boot FreeBSD installer, I believe the issue is the host CPU. One host runs an Intel and works, while an Opteron 2373 does not work despite suggestions from this thread: http://149.20.54.209/showthread.php?t=36761 I've tried cpu options like "kvm64" "Opteron_G3" and none........
  • sudo: sorry, you must have a tty to run sudo solution


    ./rsync.sh sudo: sorry, you must have a tty to run sudo rsync: connection unexpectedly closed (0 bytes received so far) [sender] rsync error: error in rsync protocol data stream (code 12) at io.c(601) [sender=3.0.7] Solution edit /etc/sudoers #Defaults requiretty........
  • Dell SAS 6/ir Cards are just LSi 1068E cards


    02:00.0 SCSI storage controller: LSI Logic / Symbios Logic SAS1068E PCI-Express Fusion-MPT SAS (rev 08) 03:00.0 SCSI storage controller: LSI Logic / Symbios Logic SAS1068E PCI-Express Fusion-MPT SAS (rev 08) Basically these cards are a stripped-down version of Dell Perc 6/i only they (SAS 6/ir) support JBOD. The DellPerc 6/i are basically useless because it doesn't have JBOD support and requires software or BIOS commands to add or remove........
  • CPanel suhosin install failed


    /scripts/phpextensionmgr install PHPSuHosin Updating md5sum list Fetching http://httpupdate.cpanel.net/cpanelsync/easy/targz.yaml (connected:0).......(request attempt 1/12)...Resolving httpupdate.cpanel.net...(resolve attempt 1/65)... Fetching http://httpupdate.cpanel.net/mirror_addr_list (connected:0).......(request attempt 1/3)......connecting to 74.50.120.123...@74.50.120.123......connected......receiving...100%......request success......Done........
  • htaccess block IPs while RewriteEngine/modrewrite is enabled solution


    Istruggled with this for awhile because the normal setup won't work if modrewrite is being used: ORDER ALLOW, DENY So the solution is something like this: order allow,deny deny from 12.43.12.0/24 allow from all ........
  • Dell FS12-NV7 2U Server Information and Guide


    I've got one of these for testing projects from work at home and got more than I bargained for with the time I've spent on it due to the storage handing/Perc 6/i cards. My particular model came with the following: 2U Rack Mount Server with Rails 2xOpteron 2373 EE (Quad Core, there is a 6-core version that can be found at times) 16GB RAM 2 x 250GB Seagate SATA 2 x Dell Perc 6/i (horrible and a nightmare to work........
  • pxe-32 tftp open timeout


    pxe-32 tftp open timeout The solution was to enable tftp in xinetd with "chkconfig tftp on". See the troubleshooting below: chkconfig --list NetworkManager 0:off 1:off 2:off 3:off 4:off 5:off 6:off acpid 0:off&n........
  • iptables centos error getsockopt failed strangely: Invalid argument


    iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p udp -m multiport --dports 20,123,443 -j REDIRECT --to-port 53 getsockopt failed strangely: Invalid argument........
  • yum update error


    yum update error Traceback (most recent call last): File "/usr/bin/yum", line 29, in ? yummain.user_main(sys.argv[1:], exit_code=True) File "/usr/share/yum-cli/yummain.py", line 229, in user_main errcode = main(args) File "/usr/share/yum-cli/yummain.py", line 145, in main (result, resultmsgs) = base.buildTransaction() &nbs........
  • charat in PHP convert non-English characters into code


    This is basically URL decoding to the decimal code but nothing in PHPworks how you'd expect it. Here are online tools to verify and check your work, it's important when querying databases with non-English characters: http://yehg.net/encoding/index.php# http://meyerweb.com/eric/tools/dencoder/ http://www.codetable.net/decimal/65398 Japanese: http://symbolcodes.tlt.psu.edu/bylanguage/japanesechartkatakana.html Charat code for PHP:........
  • open /dev/kvm: No such file or directory failed to initialize KVM: Operation not permitted - Solution


    open /dev/kvm: No such file or directory failed to initialize KVM: Operation not permitted [ 96.084502] kvm: disabled by bios Any of the above means that "Virtualization" is not enabled in your BIOS. Most servers and Desktops (non-mainstream) can do this no problem but leave it off by default. Note that some systems even though the CPU supports it, don't allow enabling of Virtualization for some reason (especially some lap........
  • iptables redirect ports to a different host and port + NAT Masquerade howto/solution


    This is important if you need public access to internal IPs such as at your office and don't want to use a VPN just to SSHinto different servers: Below forwards the port "10001" to the IP192.200.5.53 on port 22 (of course adjust it to your needs). iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp --dport 10001 -j DNAT --to-destination 192.200.5.53:22 Remember to enable MASQUERADE on your NAT IPs or they won't be able to talk to the outside world (........
  • Ubuntu Download Packages/Updates for EOL Unsupported Old Releases


    I installed Ubuntu 11.04 for testing purposes but I couldn't even download SSH server: sudo sed -i -e 's/us.archive.ubuntu.com/old-releases.ubuntu.com/g' /etc/apt/sources.list After running the above make sure you do a "apt-get update" Note with the above that Ihave the search string of "us.archive.ubuntu.com" change it to whatever is in your sources.list The above does not fix all repositories either, I haven't had a chance t........
  • PHP replace characters within a string str_replace


    $newlist=str_replace("_"," ",$list); The example above searches the "$list" string and replaces any "_" with a blank space "". ........
  • mdadm enable bitmap to speed up rebuilds


    Have you ever unplugged the wrong drive and then had to rebuild the entire array? It may not be a big deal in some ways but it does make your system vulnerable until the rebuild is done. Many distros often enable the "bitmap" feature and this basically keeps track of what parts need to be resynced in the case of a temporary removal of a drive from the array, this way it only needs to sync what has changed. To enable bitmap to speed up rebuilds and sync........
  • Linux/ffmpeg How to remove audio from a video solution


    ffmpeg -vcodec copy -i 20130526_195809.mp4 -an 20130526_195809-noaudio.mp4 Withotu the -vcodec copy I got this error (so make sure you use the vcodec copy switch): Error while opening encoder for output stream #0.0 - maybe incorrect parameters such as bit_rate, rate, width or height ........
  • Asterisk DOS attack - failed for '173.242.117.192' - Peer is not supposed to register [May 23 15:46:07] ERROR[32748]: chan_sip.c:13158 register_verify: Peer '153' is trying to register, but not configured as host=dynamic


    This happened to a customer Asterisk server and it somehow found the ID of the registration account to the upstream SIP server and was railing connection attempts (it filled up the console and there were literally thousands per second). Basically this caused all incoming and outgoing calls to fail. It was a temporary fix but the solution was to block that specific IP, it's hard to stop it 100% because the customer needs the default SIP port.........
  • Country List Names in HTML Select From


    This is useful for developing a lot of applications, I'm putting it here to keep it handy for myself and hopefully others: Choose CountryCanadaJapanUnited StatesUnited KingdomAfghanistan........
  • Centos 6 RTL8111/8168B r8169 link up and down error solution/fix


    02:00.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8111/8168B PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet controller (rev 03) For whatever reason it seems the r8169 driver that ships and has shipped with most Linux distros for years is still flawed and does not work properly on these cards, causing 100mbit connectivity when it should be 1gbit and even worse, causing random network dropouts. The r8169 driver in Linux kernels is simply not meant to be used on th........
  • badblocks in Linux to check/verify if a hard drive/HDD is good or bad


    I like badblocks and don't know a better more reliable way of checking the drive. If there are no errors from badblocks and dmesg doesn't produce any SATA related errors, the drive should be good (for now at least). I also prefer to do read and write mode, yes it takes ages but it is really the best way of doing it. This gives me the most confidence in knowing that a drive, especially a new one is at least OK at the moment. To test in read only mode........
  • Startech SV1107IPEXT KVM/IP Review


    Let's keep this simple, it's horrible, not only is the picture quality horrible (it's not a big deal) but the keyboard input is an issue. You have to type slowly, lightly and carefully otherwise 1-keystroke could end up being dozens of keystrokes. It's also a confusing unit for many datacenter techs, I've seen these units hooked up wrong and the instructions themselves aren't clear. I had to resort to shipping one to my office and take my phone pictures of the setup for th........
  • Login and download all files script


    This is very handy if you're too busy and don't have time to download whatever files you need. The -D specifies the domains allowed, this is because I specified -H which means foreign hosts are allowed, if you don't restrict them you'll end up going to the whole internet via ads and other links just like a search Engine would follow. -l 0 specifies to go deep, to as many levels as possible/as exist. -e robots=off is important because robots.txt often says you can't vie........
  • Setup PXE Boot using Centos and dhcpd, tftp and syslinux


    This is something I often setup for clients because it's very helpful for people in datacenters, this allows custom OS installs on demand, you can customize it more by using kickstart etc.. but here's a base I use before customizing more: This little script below will install everything you need to get booting by PXE Linux. It also assumes you set a local IP (be sure not to overwrite your existing IP) on eth0:0 (note the :0) as 192.168.1.10 and it........
  • Linux/Centos how to block SSH bruteforce/dictionary attacks automatically with denyhosts


    A lot of people become nervous (and understandably so) when checking their auth or security logs, in Centos /var/log/secure and see dozens, hundreds of even thousands of attempted logins to various services, especially SSH. Of course you could manually block these people/IPs but no one has time to read the logs like that, what if some program or script could do it for you? This is what denyhosts does for you, it checks the logs and based on a certain number of failed SSH attem........
  • Centos how to upgrade from PHP 5.2 to 5.3 without downtime


    This may sound silly but there will be conflicts/issues with the default Centos repository so you have to use a third party like remi (I prefer not to do this but it's the only option unless you migrate your sites/data to another server or can stand some downtime-not an option IMHOon a production server). You may need to upgrade to PHP5.3 to run Joomla or many other reasons. Your host needs to use PHP 5.2.4 or higher to run this version of Jo........
  • Windows Secret Hidden Temp Directory to free out of disk space issues


    Replace "Administrator" with your username. C:Documents and SettingsAdministratorLocal SettingsTemp Ihave often found several gigabytes of temporary files in there! Just be warned that they may not all be deletable if the files are being used by open programs (so close everything you can). This helped me in a pinch many times when for apparently no reason gigs of disk space are being used for an unknown reason.........
  • Asterisk - Peer is not supposed to register


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    I installed 5.5 with a 300GB RAID 1 partition (boot is also on this partition). It booted up fine the first few times until after I used a Live CD and accessed the array, and it became named /dev/md127 for some reason. Now whenI boot into CentOS I get a kernel panic and different errors, once I got "invalid superblock", even though the array is fine (it didn't happen again, probably because I was sure to dismount and stop the mdadm array properly). Here's what........
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    @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ @ WARNING: REMOTE HOST IDENTIFICATION HAS CHANGED! @ @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ IT IS POSSIBLE THAT SOMEONE IS DOING SOMETHING NASTY! Someone could be eavesdropping on you right now (man-in-the-middle attack)! It is also possible that the RSA host key has just been changed. The fingerprint for the RSA key sent by th........
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    Apr 30 17:07:07 localhost kernel: [12265558.582378] r8169: eth0: link up Apr 30 17:07:07 localhost NetworkManager: (eth0): carrier now ON (device state 1) Apr 30 17:07:08 localhost kernel: [12265559.237961] r8169: eth0: link down Apr 30 17:07:08 localhost NetworkManager: (eth0): carrier now OFF (device state 1) Apr 30 17:07:11 localhost NetworkManager: (eth0): carrier now ON (device state 1) Apr........
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    The folder I was trying to archive is about 72GB, but much like rsync at about 17GB it chokes because of the filesize. What's with so many common and essential Linux tools having such limitations? I guess it is likely that the authors never wrote their code with the idea that files would be so large but it's still very annoying. It's important to stay on top of these limitations on production servers because I didn't realize what happened until I checked the file with "........
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  • PHP cannot access /usr/bin/openssl


    PHP cannot access /usr/bin/opensslI have verified the username that runs the process is able to access /usr/bin/openssl and it does exist but the PHP script is saying it doesn't exist: [code:1:1fd0f3abbe] if (!file_exists($OPENSSL)) { //echo "ERROR: OPENSSL $OPENSSL not foundn"; }[/code:1:1fd0f3abbe] I don't get itI can clearly see the contents of /usr/bin by using the PHP system fu........
  • Need identd for port 113 ? Install authd


    Need identd for port 113 ? Install authdyum install authd Happy identing :)Actually it's not that simple. It installs as an "xinetd" service and is disabled and turned off by deafult. To enable it run: [code:1:8c94df8319] chkconfig --level 3 auth on service xinetd restart [/code:1:8c94df8319] This will set identd aka authd to start by default. service xinetd resta........
  • E-Mail Tip


    E-Mail TipI just thought I'd give you guys a good tip about e-mail. It seems a lot of people like to use a Hotmail or ISP (eg. Telus) account for their e-mail but the problem is what happens if you switch ISPs, then your e-mail address no longer works and old friends might not be able to contact you. The same thing has happened for excite.com e-mail addresses where they just shut down. Whether you are a business owner or personal user can you afford to lose an e-mail........
  • The New Chips on the Block


    The New Chips on the BlockThe New Chips on the Block By Bruce Gain Story location: http://www.wired.com/news/infostructure/0,1377,67795,00.html 02:00 AM Jun. 13, 2005 PT We have embarked upon a new era in x86 PC computing -- so say chip giants AMD and Intel following their launches of dual-core PC processors. So how will dual-core processing change your PC computing experience? Our FAQ should help you decide whether or when you sho........
  • Intel's Finnish Fetish


    Intel's Finnish FetishIntel's Finnish Fetish By Dave Mock June 13, 2005 Chipmaker Intel (NASDAQ: INTC) has successfully topped the personal computer market for decades. Breaking into related areas such as communications has been much difficult for the world's largest semiconductor maker. But a new partnership with Nokia (NYSE: NOK) could help to change that. Intel's forays into cellular-phone and home-entertaiment-device chips have........
  • Trouble connecting between Windows XP and Windows 98 Shares


    Trouble connecting between Windows XP and Windows 98 SharesOk a few things to check for: * Disable all firewalls * Make sure NetBEUI is enabled on both computers * Make sure the Windows XP computer has the name of the computer logged in user of Windows 98 added as an XP user * Add the XP user to anything you want to share That fixed my problem........
  • FreeBSD Desktop OSs


    FreeBSD Desktop OSsI would probably choose these over Linux. In many ways these are probably more stable and just as easy to use as any Linux distros but the benefit of stable, updated and secure packages! PC-BSD - http://www.pcbsd.org DesktopBSD - http://www.desktopbsd.net/index.php?id=37 Personally PC-BSD is Beta at this point and is not easy if you are installing it on a non-primary partition. I have not used Deskt........
  • Create Table with structure of another existing table


    Create Table with structure of another existing tableOk, this has many valid uses such as if you need to create backups or the ability to undo changes, you would want to create new tables with the same structure as another. Here is how you do it. [i:7ed9581493] Also remember Indexes such as PRIMARY KEYS [b:7ed9581493]will not be preserved[/b:7ed9581493] so you will have to readd them manually.[/i:7ed9581493] [code:1:7ed9581493]CREATE TABLE NewName AS SEL........
  • ADD PRIMARY KEY to Table


    ADD PRIMARY KEY to TableHere is an example of readding a PRIMARY KEY with an AUTO_INCREMENT field: [b:40986c2a8b]First make the field NOT NULL[/b:40986c2a8b] [code:1:40986c2a8b] ALTER TABLE tableName MODIFY FieldNAME INT(18) NOT NULL; [/code:1:40986c2a8b] [b:40986c2a8b]Create The Primary Key[/b:40986c2a8b] [code:1:40986c2a8b]ALTER TABLE tableName ADD CONSTRAINT PRIMARY KEY(FieldName);[/code:1:40986c2a8b........
  • Bash Script Info


    Bash Script Infohttp://www.faqs.org/docs/Linux-HOWTO/Bash-Prog-Intro-HOWTO.html#ss10.5 http://www.scit.wlv.ac.uk/~jphb/spos/notes/shell/shell5.html http://quong.best.vwh.net/shellin20/#LtohTOCentry-41 http://www.cactus.org/~dak/shellscript.html http://db.ilug-bom.org.in/Documentation/abs-guide/ http://pegasus.rutgers.edu/~elflord/unix/bash-tute.html http://heather.cs.ucdavis.edu/~matloff/UnixAndC/Unix/CShellII.html Since bash i........
  • Basic Port Listing


    Basic Port ListingHopefully someone finds this useful or at least interesting. http://www.sans.org/top20/#u9 Name Port Protocol Description Small services ........
  • Other Security Web Sites


    Other Security Web SitesSeveral websites actively track security issues. This list provides you with the major providers of security information on the Web. Many of these organizations also provide newsletters and mailings to announce changes or security threats: Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security (CERIAS) CERIAS is an industry-sponsored center at Purdue University that is focused on technology and relate........
  • Debian/Ubuntu/Kubuntu Bash/Console/Terminal/Putty Home and End Keys Don't Work or Produce a ~


    This is a very weird, annoying and bizarre quirk with many distributions, especially Debian. The home and end keys don't work, but it's a simple fix as long as you found this article :) You just have to edit /etc/inputrc: Find the commented lines as shown below: # "e[1~": beginning-of-line # "e[4~": end-of-line *If you can't find the above, just copy and paste the code below into your inputrc, it will en........
  • How to Track Down/Find Cause of Linux high disk iowait/wa


    top - 09:34:12 up 2 days, 20:57, 2 users, load average: 1.83, 1.99, 2.03 Tasks: 59 total, 2 running, 57 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombie Cpu(s): 0.3%us, 0.0%sy, 0.0%ni, 0.0%id, 99.7%wa, 0.0%hi, 0.0%si, 0.0%st That 99.7% wa is iowait, it means the server is waiting for a process to complete an IOoperation or in plain English, there is a delay in........
  • Windows Vista sysprep.exe /generalize error "The computer restarted unexpectedly or encountered an unexpected error. Windows installation cannot proceed. To install Windows, click "OK" to restart the computer, and then restart the installation."


    I wanted to disable the "Administrator" account for security purposes and Iread some "guide" on the internet that recommended that we run "C:WindowsSystem32sysprepsysprep.exe /generalize". I also clicked the option for "Generalize" and the computer rebooted and gave some OOBE error and restarted, and now I get the error above no matter what. I read that some drivers such as ones from AVIRA AV can cause this because they're unsign........
  • Adventures in pre-paid SIM Cards and data GPRS/Edge/3G in China with China Mobile in Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Beijing and other cities


    This really is a difficult and confusing process for non-Mandarin speakers, but here's what I've done and learned so far: You can purchase an "M-Zone" China Mobile pre-paid SIMCard from almost anywhere but I tried to purchase mine from Suning (a large electronics dealer) hoping they would be able to help me or answer my questions but my plan didn't work out at all. At Suning once I found someone who spoke some English they gave me the 55 RMB M-Zone China Mobile P........
  • iPhone Enable Tethering Manually Update ipcc Carrier Settings/Update via SSH


    Everyone says there is a "manual" way of doing it and then they tell you to use iTunes, but if you're like me, you're travelling on business in a foreign country and your laptop does not have iTunes and you don't have a way of getting it and/or don't want it. For this example I'm using the provider "du" in Dubai, UAE (United Arab Emirates) but this method works for virtually all providers. The requirements in this case to truly "manually update........
  • Clustered/Distributed Network Filesystems, Which Ones live up to the hype?


    I've tried to find a good sensible solution to cluster with and each technology has it's pros and cons and there is no perfect solution and I've found a lot of "exaggerations" in the applications, benefits and performance of these different filesystems. DRBD I first started off with DRBD and Ihave to say it does live up to the hype, is quite reliable (although it can be annoying to match up the kernel module and user applications since they must match and whe........
  • yum error not working rpmdb: mmap: No such device TypeError: rpmdb open failed


    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror rpmdb: mmap: No such device error: db4 error(19) from dbenv->open: No such device error: cannot open Packages index using db3 - No such device (19) error: cannot open Packages database in /var/lib/rpm Traceback (most recent call last): File "/usr/bin/yum", line 29, in ? yummain.user_main(sys.argv[1:], exit_code=True) File "/usr/share/yum-cli/yummain.py&qu........
  • Tyan S2735-8M motherboard/Rackable Systems 1u Server 100mbit NIC not working even when enabled in the BIOS


    Itried everything Icould think of, and of course even with the NIC enabled in the BIOS nothing was working. The light would flash when you plugin the cable for a second, but that's all. Due to another issue I'm about to post about (server is not compatible with 1TB/1000Gig Hard Drives), I updated the BIOS. I didn't even know the 100mbit NICs were not working untilI decided I should test each NIC one by one. Inoticed that only 1 server out of........
  • Timezone Change/Updated for Linux/Unix Debian/Fedora/Ubuntu/Centos Change Update Time zone


    This way should work on all Linux machines, at least RHEL/Debian (Ubuntu) based distros but most likely all and also should work on many Unix style machines I believe. Many OS's have tools to update the timezone, but most of them (even if command line) require several bloated packages and even Xorg/KDE based packages etc.. Your time zone info file is actually in /etc/localtime if you open this file in vi/vim/pico you'll see it's gibberish (binary code or another encodin........
  • Apache Ignoring/Not processing .htaccess file


    I was getting very frustrated one day wondering why it appeared my .htaccess file was being ignored and not processed by Apache. No matter what I did it was obvious that Apache didn't care about my .htaccess file. Then I realized that the default settings must be in effect, which is that my vhost didn't explicitly allow me to override the default settings. This usually comes down to your vhost settings. Make sure you have an entry like this in your Apache vhost settings in........
  • iPhone Create Silent/Free Custom Ringtone jailbroken/jailbreak iPhone


    As shown below you can find ringtones in the "/private/var/stash/Ringones*" directory of your iPhone. Different reports have said that the .m4r format is really an MP4 file and some have said AAC and some also say "it's the same as the M4A" format. Whatever the case is, one easy way is to install the silent theme from Cydia and copy that into your ringtones directory. /private/var/stash/Ringtones.sh7cLj root# ls Alarm.m4r ........
  • How to solve the iPhone 15 minute POP/IMAP checking delay option with virtual push


    You need to jailbreak your phone and inside Cydia you'll find "PushMod" which will allow you to set your mail check time to 1 minute instead of 15-minutes. This is a great mod and has saved me a lot of stress and frustration, the lack of Blackberry style "free push service" makes iPhone less attractive, but this solves that. Apple needs to make mobileme free and have a Blackberry style chat network to compete, I'm not willing to pay for something Blackberry........
  • iPhone Backgrounder Adds True and Real iPhone multitasking on jailbroken phones


    Apple crippled the iPhone by not allowing multi-tasking of the non-primary apps. I use SSH a lot and I don't want to close my session just to check my e-mail, etc, now an app found in Cydia called "Backgrounder" allows just that. Although it's not perfect, we installed the correct one for "3.x" iPhones and hit "Reload SpringBoard" and the hour/circle glass has just been going for minutes. It seems like it installed fine even with the crash t........
  • iPhone 3GS Jailbreak Information & Benefits


    Truly, the only way to unleash the capabilities and customization abilities of iPhone are to jailbreak, it's not just for hackers anymore. A few days ago someone by the named of "geohot" released a single click application called "purplera1n", which does the entire operation smoothly and seamlessly. In our case, the first time it went as far as "done, wait for reboot" on our Windows machine and for minutes we waited and saw the pic on the iPhone w........
  • iPhone Safari Browser and TinyMCE Support


    This is unfortunate and frustrating as many sites use it, a lot of people are frustrated that TinyMCE does not work on the iPhone Safari browser. Apparently the developer of TinyMCE's answer is "talk to Apple about it" It's really frustrating although, I wonder if any other mobile phones are able to use TinyMCE or not, whatever the case is it would be nice to find a solution to use TinyMCE on the........
  • Using a Mac OSX DMG Image in Windows and Converting to Standard ISO Format use dmg2iso


    The dmg format is silly and annoying to work with, why couldn't Apple stick with the .iso standard? Anyway, there's an excellent Linux and Windows based tool to convert it back to a normal .iso Image called dmg2iso I'll only cover theLinux version although the Windows pre-built binary works the same way. Download dmg2iso here for free (from the author's website) It's just silly and doesn't make sense that Ubuntu doe........
  • Nokia N97 review, feedback and complaints


    I've had an old Blackberry for a few years and I was ready to spend some serious cash on a nice Nokia. I love the idea of the Linux based Symbian S60 OS, so I was looking at phones like the E63, E71 (both are basically the same, at least CPU/screensize although E71 is thinner, has a 3MP camera, has GPS, and has dedicated buttons to adjust the volume). Then Iheard about the N97 and what a revolution it was supposed to be and it was even compared to iPhone. To........
  • SSH Slow Login even with SSHD UseDNS no parameter


    Icouldn't understand why on one system it took a few minutes to get the SSHlogin prompt when connecting to other systems. The other systems all had the UseDNS parameter set to no, which almost always resolves the login prompt delay. The reason is Ubuntu and perhaps Debian and other distributions /etc/nsswitch.conf file Edit yours to have the "hosts" line like so (notice that files and dns are the primary resolution choice........
  • Configuring OCFS2 Clustered File System on Debian Based Linux including Ubuntu and Kubuntu


    There's a lot of information and guides on OCFS2 for RHELand Centos Linux but the package setup and configuration is slightly different and this has thrown some people off. Installing OC2FS You should install the following packages to get started: apt-get install ocfs2-tools ocfs2console Configure OC2FS In RHEL/Centos the main configuration file is located in /etc/sysconfig/o2cb However in Debian based Linux it is located........
  • Bash Scripting Variable Scope Using Piped While Loop


    I've been struggling with this for awhile, wondering why all of my variables are null. Ijust realized the variables disappear after leaving this while loop. Note that I'm piping to the while loop which makes a subshell Ibelieve which is the cause of the issue: echo "$accounts"|while read thisline; do somevariable="some value" (( ++counter )) done At all costs you ne........
  • ENOM Major Outage


    At this time we can't resolve Enom's website and all DNS requests to their 4 primary name servers are failing, although the hostnames themselves still resolve: Name Server: DNS1.NAME-SERVICES.COM Name Server: DNS2.NAME-SERVICES.COM Name Server: DNS3.NAME-SERVICES.COM Name Server: DNS4.NAME-SERVICES.COM Name Server: DNS5.NAME-SERVICES.COM You would really think Enom, bein........
  • Writing/Burning a data CD-R/DVD-R or DVD+RW in Unix/Linux


    There's a lot of outdated information and confusion for system administrator's out there. One annoying task for many an Administrator has been backing up data in Linux. You don't need any GUI tools such as K3B or GnomeBaker. Both are excellent tools but for veteran command line users working remotely, using the keyboard is a great and possibly automated way to save yourself pain and hassle. At a later date we'll cover how scripting can automatically backup certain........
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    We have years of knowledge with technology, especially in the IT (Information Technology)industry. realtechtalk.com will always have fresh and useful information on a variety of subjects from Graphic Design, Server Administration, Web Hosting Industry and much more.........
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