• python 3 pip cannot install mysql module


    python3 testserver.com-car-scraping.py html.txt Traceback (most recent call last): File "testserver.com-car-scraping.py", line 5, in import mysql.connector ImportError: No module named 'mysql' For some reason it won't install properly even though I have the mysql client on this machine installed too. Solution: You need the mys........
  • Virtualbox vbox not starting "No suitable module for running kernel found"


    If you've just installed VBox and it is not starting or working, the most common problem is usually that you don't have your kernel source installed, which means there is no kernel driver for vbox so it can't work. So the first thing you should do is install your kernel source by running this: sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r` Then install the dkms/kernel module for vbox sudo apt-get install virtu........
  • Firefox Cannot Hit Enter Key In Address Bar and Location History Not Working


    Opening Firefox from the CLI reveals the following as the cause of the error: Query failed: Error: Error(s) encountered during statement execution: no such table: moz_favicons The symptoms of this issue are that in the address bar you cannot hit enter to browse to a site/url/address and your history cannot be accessed, nor does your history show up in the address bar when typing previously used addresses. This usually happens because you've........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager / CUCM IP 8.6,10,12 Install Error Solution


    Install Errors on Version 12: This error happened on QEMU emulator version 2.11.1 pve-qemu-kvm_2.11.1-5 on Proxmox/Debian but installing on QEMU.12 on Centos 6 did not produce the error. *Update it is not related to the OS or QEMU version. This happened in Centos 6 too after a second install. What really causes this even though you successfully install........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager 12 Install Errors on Proxmox/KVM


    The strange thing is that usually the first install or two will work on any new machine but then it suddenly won't. I had this experience on QEMU 2.13 on a different machine. There is something finicky or buggy about the CUCM installer even when choosing the same virtual hardware specs. qemu-kvm command: /usr/libexec/qemu-kvm -version QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.1 (qemu-kvm-0.12.1.2-2.506.el6_10.1), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard ........
  • How to install and setup LXC Containers (OpenVZ alternative) on Centos 6 / 7


    If you don't aleady have it, you'll need EPEL Install LXC yum -y install lxc lxc-templates Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Setting up Install Process Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: mirror.it.ubc.ca * epel: mirrors.kernel.org * extras: mirror.it.ubc.ca * updates:........
  • Cisco 2960 Switch Reset To Factory Defaults


    *The easy way is to just hold the mode button for 10+ seconds. The full/proper way is below: 1.) Either power on the unit and hold the "mode" button or hold the "mode" button until you see the below: 00:04:08: %SYS-7-NV_BLOCK_INIT: Initalized the geometry of nvram 00:04:08: %EXPRESS_SETUP-6-CONFIG_IS_RESET: The configuration is reset and the system will now reboot 00:04:09: %SYS-5-REL........
  • Linux ln symlink how to update existing symbolic link


    ln -s --force newfile.jpg existingsymlink.jpg All you do is use the --force flag to force/update the existing one. The above modifies a symlink called "existingsymlink.jpg" and points it to "newfile.jpg" as the source.........
  • sudoers file in /etc warning about comments/includes!


    If you see this in /etc/sudoers it is NOT a comment but an include. #includedir /etc/sudoers.d For example in Linux mint sudoers.d contains the following files: casper mintupdate README casper for example contains the following sudoers line: mint ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL So if you are messing ar........
  • bind named error solutions named[2169]: error (no valid DS) resolving / error (broken trust chain) resolving / : error (no valid RRSIG) resolving 'com/DS/IN':


    Below are the common errors you'll get with named AKA bind if your time is incorrect. The simplest solution is to install and run ntpd to correct your system's time (install ntpd if it is not installed) systemctl start ntpd systemctl enable ntpd Dec 20 13:36:16 hostingbox named[2169]: error (no valid DS) resolving 'develop.waxrain.com/A/IN': 14.215.150.17#53........
  • Linux named / bind how to dump, view and clear the cache!


    Do you hate it when your ISPhas old cached records because of a high TTLon the DNS record of the relevant domain? In plain English this means you often can't connect to a site or service because your ISP's DNS servers haven't gotten word of the new IP address (probably because they haven't checked). There are also some that are notorious for ignoring TTL and not updating records for days! But if you are lucky and smart enough to have your own Linux based DNS se........
  • Why SMART is not smart at all and doesn't properly predict disk errors that cause a kernel panic or crash


    Before getting into the output here is my typical experience with SMART, there is what I call a "bad disk" with pending and uncorrectable sectors that cannot be reallocated. It has caused a kernel panic and system crash repeatedly as we can see from the logs. But SMART says it has "PASSED" its self assessment. SMART is still useful to me but it is more about looking at Current_Pending_Sector. Any time I have had anything but 0 for that attribute it........
  • iSCSI on Centos 7 Configuration and Setup Guide for Initiator and Target


    initiator = client target = server These are the first concepts you should understand which is that in iscsi essentially the "initiator" is the client and the "target" is the server. iSCSI is derived from the old fashioned SCSI that us oldtimers grew to love. The "i" stands for Internet and the SCSI stands for "Small Computers Systems Interface" (SCSI). iSCSI Target (Server)Setup targetcli is the pac........
  • Python and BeautifulSoup4's BS4's Decompose Method To Remove Unwanted Inner Tags


    < a href="/Products/MX72244"> < span class="c-shca-icon-item__body-name-brand"> ADATA < / span> &nbs........
  • How Does Cisco CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) Work?


    Cisco's CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) is a system that combines voice, video, data and mobile products into a single unified management suite. At its core, the CUCMis like a "Super PBX" that controls the flow of all communications through an organization even single or multiple site deployments. Cisco's CUCMmakes communication more effective and simple through centralized management and unification of communications resources.........
  • MySQL Using mytop Debug Source of High IO and Slow Performance


    mytop is one of my favorite tools and it is fairly simple aside from a few caveats and issues that persist to this day. To install it on Centos: yum -y install centos Configure ~/.mytop vi ~/.mytop user=root host=localhost db=test #port=3306 socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock header=1 color=1 Try runni........
  • systemd management using systemctl and journalctl to check systemd logs


    systemd is like the service manager for your Centos and other modern Linux distributions (including Debian/Mint/Ubuntu) allows you to enable services, stop them, restart them, check their status and even reboot your system. The key commands or arguments you will use with systemctl are the following: Unit Commands: list-units [PATTERN...] List loaded units &nbs........
  • Ethereum Mining Claymore Nanopool Error


    This happens if you don' have an updated version normally(eg. things were working fine and you suddenly get this error): Pool sent wrong data, cannot set epoch, disconnect ETH: Connection lost, retry in 20 sec... ETH: Connection lost, retry in 20 sec... Solution - Download an updated Claymore! ........
  • How to download gajim 0.16.9 XMPP/Jabber client so you can use OMEMO encryption


    #Linux Mint 18.2 how to install gajim .16.9 so you can use OMEMO encryption: sudo apt-get install python-axolotl python-nbxmpp wget https://gajim.org/downloads/0.16/gajim-0.16.9.tar.gz tar -zxvf gajim-0.16.9.tar.gz cd gajim-0.16.9 ./autogen.sh ;make;sudo make install #if you get this error you need to get a newer python-nbxmpp from here: gajim Gajim needs python-nbxmpp >= 0.6.1 to run. Quiting...........
  • HP DL385 G7 Linux BIOS Update Flash


    wget https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe --2018-08-16 05:11:16-- https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe Resolving downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)... 15.249.152.85 Connecting to downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)|15.249.152.85|:443... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 1525561 (1.5........
  • hwloc-nox set CPU affinity in Linux


    sudo apt-get install hwloc-nox Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following NEW packages will be installed: hwloc-nox 0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 530 not upgraded. Need to get 151 kB of archives. After this operation, 453 kB of additional disk space will be used. Get:1 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubunt........
  • Proxmox understanding the directory structure and why an NFS datastore appears to be missing files/isos


    Proxmox at the root of your storage creates and "images"and "templates/iso" folder for VM images and iso's respectively. It ignores files in any other location.........
  • Proxmox error uploading an iso solution


    Error 0 occurred while receiving the document root@vh1:/var/tmp# wget http://mirror.compevo.com/proxmox/proxmox-ve_5.2-1.iso --2018-08-30 16:27:37-- http://mirror.compevo.com/proxmox/proxmox-ve_5.2-1.iso Resolving mirror.compevo.com (mirror.compevo.com)... 103.25.61.44 Connecting to mirror.compevo.com (mirror.compevo.com)|103.25.61.44|:80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 641517568 (612M) [application/o........
  • MySQL change for Antelope format to Barracuda error solution


    Your database uses Antelope as the file format. Full UTF-8 support in MySQL and MariaDB requires the Barracuda file format. Please switch to the Barracuda file format. See the documentation MySQL full unicode support for details. In /etc/my.cnf under [mysqld] 180827 21:43:14 InnoDB: 5.5.59 started; log sequence number 1589339 180827 21:43:14 [ERROR] /usr/libexec/mysqld: unknown variable 'db_file_format=Ba........
  • gvfs mount in /run/user cannot be accessed or displayed wrong permissions


    The folder contents could not be displayed Backend currently unmounting drwx------ 10 userhere group 260 Aug 23 19:40 .. ?????????? ? ? ? ? ? sftp:host=192.168.8.80,user=adhoc ls: cannot access 'sftp:host=192.168.8.80,user=adoc': Input/output error $ ps aux|grep fuse one 253........
  • moodle install error Error reading from database


    Error reading from database More information about this error It is usually not possible to recover from errors triggered during installation, you may need to create a new database or use a different database prefix if you want to retry the installation. Solution: This happened when I was running MySQL 5.1. Assuming your database details are right and the DB is up then make sure you are usin........
  • Starting httpd: httpd: Syntax error on line 221 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Syntax error on line 6 of /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf: Cannot load /etc/httpd/modules/libphp5.so into server: /etc/httpd/modules/libphp5.so: cannot open shared object file:


    Starting httpd: httpd: Syntax error on line 221 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Syntax error on line 6 of /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf: Cannot load /etc/httpd/modules/libphp5.so into server: /etc/httpd/modules/libphp5.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory This is basically caused by the PHPmodule specified in php.conf being non existent. The error tells us it couldn't fnd /etc/httpd/modules/libphp5.so........
  • VMWare ESXi 6.7 SSH/PowerShell CLI Commands


    [root@localhost:~] BootModuleConfig.sh echo host-ind nfcd........
  • VMWare Vsphere VCSA Graphical Install Creates json


    yes it does create its own json ============================================ cat /tmp/vcsaUiInstaller/ovftool-20180809-175238948-20180809-175603497.log |grep -i json 2018-08-09T17:56:04.238-07:00 verbose OVFTool[30966] [Originator@6876 sub=Default] Manifest file entry: SHA1(VMware-vCenter-Server-Appliance-6.7.0.12000-8832884_OVF10-file1.json) = 1deb658c724767697587d5909c4051c01813e6a1 --> ........
  • Debian Mint Ubuntu compiling xmr-stak


    sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev git build-essential autotools-dev autoconf libcurl3 sudo apt-get install libcurl4-gnutls-dev git clone https://github.com/wolf9466/cpuminer-multi sudo apt-get install cmake libpthread-* libmicrohttpd-dev libssl-dev libhwloc-dev git clone https://github.com/fireice-uk/xmr-stak-cpu.git make install cd bin chmod +x xmr-stak-cpu ./xmr-stak -O xmr........
  • Ethereum Client Errors


    INFO [07-19|12:11:51] Imported new block receipts count=590 elapsed=8.440s bytes=74117699 number=4870906 hash=6bc60b…934753 ignored=0 INFO [07-19|12:11:57] Imported new state entries count=499 elapsed=9.963ms processed=71076 pending=1526 retry=2&nbs........
  • PayPal IPN Failed "result: IPN Handshake Invalid"


    This is often the result of PayPal's "item name" or another name having invalid characters or not supporting Unicode. 173.0.81.1 - - [17/Jul/2018:13:39:45 -0400] "POST //modules/gateways/callback/paypal.php HTTP/1.1" 406 - "-" "PayPal IPN ( https://www.paypal.com/ipn )" A good clue is if you check the debug output of the IPNand find a mandatory column empty. ........
  • Centos 7 - How To Install NFS and Mount Remotely


    Server Side Config 1.) First install nfs-utils yum -y install nfs-utils 2.) Configure nfs share Create a directory for your NFS share mkdir /datastore Create your NFS share in /etc/exports echo "/datastore 10.220.101.0/24(rw,sync,no_root_squash)" >> /etc/exports systemctl restart nfs........
  • linux mint image convert menu option missing solution


    Ialready have the caja-image-converter option installed but it shows nothing. Weirdly enough if you install nemo and nautilus converter it does show and work inside caja: The solution is to install *-image-converter sudo apt-get install *-image-converter Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done Note, selecting 'n........
  • Linux Mint 18 Screen Goes Dark or Black After Screensaver or even when using the Desktop Solution


    You can search for this bug and it seems like it may be related to ecryptfs and is many years old. The symptoms are that you return to the computer and the screensaver was active or the screen was asleep/black and it doesn't seem to come back. But you check by SSH the computer is running fine and are frustrated you'll lose your running programs and have to reboot. There is a simple solution: Ctrl + Alt + F1 Ctrl +Alt + F8 Ba........
  • VMWare 6.7 VCSA VSphere ESXi Management SSO Install Guide on Linux using the CLI


    #mount the VCSA DVD mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd #alternatively you could mount the iso directly mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path #for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux cd /mnt/cd/vcsa-cli-installer/lin64 #no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file ./vcsa-deploy Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
  • Hard Drive Serial Number Examples


    The reason for this article is because a lot of us don't physically see our hard drives they are often remote in a datacenter etc and the actual serial number we see in SMART is not enough to check for some manufacturers. A good example is our first one the Toshiba === START OF INFORMATION SECTION === Device Model: TOSHIBA DT01ACA200 Serial Number: 33FMDW4AS........
  • vino server error cannot login


    10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM [IPv4] Got connection from client10.10.25.1 10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM other clients: 10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM Client Protocol Version 3.7 10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM Advertising security type 18 10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM Client returned security type 18 10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM TLS Handshake failed: Could not negotiate a supported cipher suite. 10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM Client10.10.25.1 gone 10/07/2018 03:05:14 PM Statistics:........
  • OpenVPN auth-user-pass-verify ENV script error


    Starting with newer versions of OpenVPN Ibelieve 2.2+ you need to have "script-security 3" set or you can't execute a third party script. Prior to that you could also use the auth-user-pass-verify like this: auth-user-pass-verify ./validate.pl "$username $password $ip" via-env Options error: the --auth-user-pass-verify directive should have at most 2 parameters. To pass a list of arguments as one of the paramete........
  • Cannot create gradle for conversations


    The main issue is it looks like Java is not configured to accept the invalid ssl cert that is coming from the download location. Exception in thread "main" java.lang.RuntimeException: javax.net.ssl.SSLException: java.security.ProviderException: java.security.InvalidKeyException: EC parameters error export ANDROID_HOME=/home/user/Downloads/tools/ Conversations-master$ ./gradlew Downloading https://services.gradle.org/distributions/grad........
  • Database Error One or more of the WHMCS database tables appear to be either missing or corrupted. Please check and repair. - WHMCS Solution


    Database Error One or more of the WHMCS database tables appear to be either missing or corrupted. Please check and repair. This error can be misleading especially if you know you are using a known good backup or restoration of the WHMCS database. The error can also be that the user lacks permissions to read and write to the database. To check to this in MySQL shell: GRANT read,write to dbusername@localhost on dbna........
  • named [FAILED] - zone 1.168.192.in-addr.arpa/IN: not loaded due to errors. - bind error solution


    Centos when copying old files and restarting it seems load everything fine and then says [FAILED] with no log or other message. service restart named named [FAILED] Check more thoroughly you may have missed the error if you have lots of zones! service named restart|grep error zone 1.168.192.in-addr.arpa/IN: not loaded due to errors. zone 2.168.192.in-addr.arpa/IN: no........
  • Linux Mint Black Screen after boot no graphics solution


    This is not the normal "black screen"issue and I was shocked to eventually find out why. The normal advice of reconfiguring Xorg didn't work. Even booting into "Recovery Mode" did not help. Here is the short end of the stick that fixed it: sudo apt-get install mdm mate-desktop-environment Yes you got it right, mdm and the mate-desktop-environment / gnome were somehow uninstalled. This must be whe........
  • Mozilla Firefox Address Bar History Not Working places.sqlite corruption solution database repair


    Here is the only solution Ifound that works in Firefox: *Note you could basically just copy all of the commands in bold (the rest just shows the output) Install sqlite3 sqlite3 places.sqlite sqlite> .clone places.sqlite-fixed moz_places... done moz_historyvisits... done moz_inputhistory..........
  • Centos PXEBoot NetInstall Failure - Pane is dead


    ValueError: new value non-existent xfs filesystem is not valid as a default fs type Pane is dead From what Iread this is misleading and has to do with the fact that the initrd and kernel are mismatched. This is a hard situation because for some older hardware Iam using the Centos Plus kernel which has modules that Irequire for an older server/NIC. This seems to have cropped up in the past few months and there is no simple fix........
  • named[1525]: error (broken trust chain) resolving 'min-api.cryptocompare.com/A/IN': 173.245.58.78#53 solution


    So you restarted your router/dhcpd server or for some other reason you wonder why DHCP is not working on any of your clients?You go and check that named is in fact running fine. But then you check /var/log/messages and see this error for everything hostname: named[1525]: error (broken trust chain) resolving 'min-api.cryptocompare.com/A/IN': 173.245.58.78#53 I've only ever seen this when the time on the server was off. It........
  • Debian Linux Mint Ubuntu Disable Automatic apt-get update


    sudo chmod 000 /etc/cron.daily/apt-compat This is the easiest way to disable the cron without anything more invasive like deleting the file. After that you won't have anymore apt-get's starting. This can be critical for systems without much extra RAMthat is not in use. I've seen systems that have swapped and crashed over apt-get.........
  • solution mysqldump: Got error: 1044: Access denied for user 'user'@'localhost' to database 'thedb' when using LOCK TABLES


    It is simple the user just needs to be given the "LOCK TABLES" privilege. As root run this command: GRANT LOCK TABLES ON yourdatabase.* TO yourmysqluser@localhost;........
  • MySQL How To Grant Access To ALL Databases For Export and Backup Purposes


    GRANT SELECT, LOCK TABLES ON *.* TO yourmysqluser@localhost; All you need to do a full MySQL dump on all databases is the SELECT and LOCK TABLES privileges. This way you don't have to use the mysql root user. Data could be compromised this way but at least no harm from manipulation, changes or deletion are possible by locking down the privileges to the minimum for a full MySQL dump and backup.........
  • How To Install Windows Server 7 8 10 12 2008 2012 2014 2016 Servers Desktops using Linux tftp, dhcpd and samba


    It has been a big pain for a long-time to install Windows from a Linux environment. I used to run a windows install server and it never worked right for some reason (the install would fail on most servers). Before getting start be sure to setup your samba share so once you boot into WinPE you can mount the install for whatever Windows you want /etc/samba/smb.conf [smbwinstall] path = /tftpboot/images/winstall guest ok = yes........
  • curl: (35) Unknown SSL protocol error in connection Solution Centos


    curl: (35) Unknown SSL protocol error in connection The main solution is to update curl and nss. If you are having an issue with curl through Apache/PHPyou will need to restart PHPafter. It's important to remember that this error could mean a lot of things but most often it simply means that curl and openssl may be outdated and only allow newer secure ways of connecting to SSL. In general here is how you would fix it in most c........
  • sudo: unable to resolve host


    sudo: unable to resolve host yourhostname No clue why sudo is doing that when running. Solution Check /etc/hosts You will probably find that it doesn't contain "yourhostname" for 127.0.0.1 Just update the hostname or add a field for your hostname like this: 127.0.0.1 yourhostname ........
  • Ubuntu/Debian/Linux won't boot and drops to Busybox shell after cloning HDD with dd


    I don't recall having this issue in the distant past but nowadays at least Debian seems to be very picky about this. I used dd to copy one hard drive to another and tried booting it. Everything seemed fine with grub working but each time it would drop to the busybox shell. There is no particular error so this is misleading. Normally the first things you would check are to make sure your fstab is correct (that the UUID is correct)and that you've updated grub.&........
  • MySQL Adding New Field to Existing Database Table


    ALTER TABLE existingtable ADD newfieldname VARCHAR(255);........
  • MySQL Cannot Update/Write to any database table solution


    This happened on Centos for no apparent reason with no obvious issue in the logs. Data could be read fine but not written (possibly due to some corruption or out of memory issue in the OpenVZ container is the best guess). All mysql update and insert queries failed freezing without any error log on any database and table. Tried to restart: service mysqld restart Timeout error occurred trying to stop MySQL........
  • Centos How To Update to Glibc 2.14 Plus


    Centos 6 requires GLIBC 2.12 however a lot of new programs you would want to compile may need a newer glibc. You can't remove the old glibc since the whole OS is based on it but you can install the updated glibc alongside it and do an export pointing to your updated GLIBC. mkdir ~/glibc_install; cd ~/glibc_install wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/glibc/glibc-2.14.tar.gz........
  • mysql how to reset passwords with a few commands


    The commands below will help you reset any mysql user password. use mysql; update user set password=PASSWORD('thenewpass') where User='theusername'; flush privileges; The first line says to use the "mysql" database which contains all the user info. the second update line sets the new password "thenewpass" for the u........
  • Syntax error on line 221 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Syntax error on line 6 of /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf: Cannot load /etc/httpd/modules/libphp5.so into server: /etc/httpd/modules/libphp5.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or direct


    Stopping httpd: [ OK ] Starting httpd: httpd: Syntax error on line 221 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Syntax error on line 6 of /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf: Cannot load /etc/httpd/modules/libphp5.so into server: /etc/h........
  • How to Update Linux /usr/share/misc/pci.ids


    This works with lspci and if it's outdated may not give you the exact manufacturer and device model. For example take these 3 different RX 580's: 1a:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Device 67df (rev e7) 1b:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Device 67df (rev e7) 1d:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Device 67df (rev e7) You ca........
  • M2Crypto.SSL.Checker.WrongHost: Peer certificate subjectAltName does not match host, expected fedora-archive.ip-connect.vn.ua, got DNS:mirror.ip-connect.vn.ua


    You are using Centos 5 which is deprecated so nothing in yum will work until you follow this post to use the vault: http://realtechtalk.com/Centos_59_Working_Vault_Repo_file-1921-articles yum update Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * epel: fedora-archive.ip-connect.vn.ua Traceback........
  • linux cp and mv will not overwrite due to alias!


    This through me for a loop when I would do a cp -rf or mv -f nothing would get overwritten even if piping y or yes to the command. Type alias and you'll see why: alias cp='cp -i' alias l.='ls -d .* --color=auto' alias ll='ls -l --color=auto' alias ls='ls --color=auto' alias mv='mv -i' alias rm='rm -i' The -i is a safeguard against messing things up but however does mess things up worse when you know what........
  • Linux and FreeBSD how to set time and date


    Linux Set Date date -s "YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS" date -s '2014-12-25 12:34:56' BSD Unix Set Date date yymmddhhmmss date 170809121156........
  • /usr/bin/supermin-helper exited with error status 1. To see full error messages you may need to enable debugging. See http://libguestfs.org/guestfs-faq.1.html#debugging-libguestfs at /usr/bin/virt-list-partitions line 177.


    virt-list-partitions kvmusertest.img /usr/bin/supermin-helper exited with error status 1. To see full error messages you may need to enable debugging. See http://libguestfs.org/guestfs-faq.1.html#debugging-libguestfs at /usr/bin/virt-list-partitions line 177. #solution update-guestfs-appliance........
  • MySQL: table is marked as crashed solultion


    myisamchk can fix it But be careful and use the right options to avoid losing data. In fact if you haven't you should make a backup or at least manually copy /var/lib/mysql. Replace "YourDB" with the name of your database Replace "yourcrashedtable" with the name of your crashed table. The -o option is the safest and should avoid dataloss whereas -r is more aggressive and is a last option (I have lost data using -r and........
  • Centos 5.9 Working Vault Repo file


    Centos 5 is not supported running yum will produce an error like this: YumRepo Error: All mirror URLs are not using ftp, http[s] or file. Eg. Invalid release/ removing mirrorlist with no valid mirrors: /var/cache/yum/base/mirrorlist.txt Error: Cannot find a valid baseurl for repo: base Solution - Update this file CentOS-Base.repo # CentOS-Base.repo........
  • kdenlive titles/text renders as white screen when using .sh script


    When using the .sh script the rendering doesn't work after an upgrade of related packages to kdenlive. kdenlive (kdenlive:amd64 (4:17.04.1+git201705191233~ubuntu16.04.1)) with affine or composite transitions was fine but is now broken during the time of transition it is just a white screen. The previous version was fine: kdenlive:amd64 (4:17.04.1+git201705191233~ubuntu16.04.1 But now I can't find it or install it:........
  • [1035724.274610] [drm:intel_pipe_update_end [i915_bpo]] *ERROR* Atomic update failure on pipe A (start=62076478 end=62076479) time 102 us, min 894, max 899, scanline start 893, end 900 W: Possible missing firmware /lib/firmware/i915/kbl_dmc_ver1.bin


    [1035724.274610] [drm:intel_pipe_update_end [i915_bpo]] *ERROR* Atomic update failure on pipe A (start=62076478 end=62076479) time 102 us, min 894, max 899, scanline start 893, end 900 W: Possible missing firmware /lib/firmware/i915/kbl_dmc_ver1.bin for module i915_bpo I've been getting those errors on a J3455 NUC box with the latest kernel on Linux Mint 18.2. When updating the initramfs I also got the error about the firmware........
  • ffmpeg trouble concatenating similar but different files


    When things go wrong your video is basically unplayable or the first video plays fine and then freezes when moving on to the next. Generally if both videos weren't produced with the exact 100% same settings you will have issues. You can try the basic concat but it often won't work right. Solution for me: My example uses 3 videos in total so "n=3" and a=1 to include audio. ffmpeg -threads 12 -i file1.mp4 -........
  • ffmpeg Linux Mint download, compile and install howto


    #if you have nvidia make sure you install the nvidia-cuda-toolkit so hardware acceleration can be used wget http://ffmpeg.org/releases/ffmpeg-3.3.2.tar.bz2 tar -jxvf ffmpeg-3.3.2.tar.bz2 cd ffmpeg-3.3.2/ ./configure --disable-yasm install prefix /usr/local source path ........
  • Migrate Centos 7 from Single HDD to mdadm RAID 10 array:


    Done on Centos 7.3 very important as clearly based on older guides it was a lot easier and more simpler! Hint do not use grub2-install! One huge caveat if you are an oldschool user or sysadmin who has avoided UEFIbooting The normal way will not work here if your Centos was using UEFI. Newer systems use it by default. The easiest way to check is to do an fdisk -l if your sy........
  • USB 3.0 External HDD Enclosure Seagate UAS problems - [sdd] tag#1 CDB: Write(16) 8a 00 00 00 00 01 70 04 08 68 00 00 00 08 00 00


    This is a 8TB Seagate external USB 3.0 device apparently newer kernels use a module called "UAS" instead of "USB Storage" which causes issues as a lot of devices are not properly supported in UAS mode by the kernel driver. The solution some say is to disable UAS specifically for your USB device but I'd rather just disable UAS altogether. Solution blacklist UAS: *do not do this it does not work and just causes your USB 3.0........
  • Centos 7 Cudaminer Nvidia setup guide


    I am using a GTX 1060 but replace the download for the driver with the correct/current version for your particular card by visiting: http://www.nvidia.com/Download/index.aspx?lang=en-us yum install automake curl openssl-devel libcurl-devel gcc gcc-c++ yum -y install kernel-devel-`uname -r` yum -y install unzip #the........
  • USB 3.0 PCI x1 Card Review VIA VL805 on Linux Review and Experience


    This is a VIA made VL805 USB 3.0 Chipset with 4-ports and MOLEX powered. First of all this unit was cheap at about only 9 USD with fast shipping. My biggest concern was if this was a quality unit and would it really give you full USB 3.0 speeds (some people reported with similar cards that for some weird r........
  • USB Device/MP3 Player not working properly and can't browse the device filesystem? Check the cable twice and again!


    Here is a simple MP3 player and now there's a reason to understand why the supplied cable has some kind of capacitor and is very short. These devices can be VERY finicky and any voltage fluctuation or difference is enough to cause issues. Take for example the error messages from Linux Mint: [804829.895414] usb 1-1: USB disconnect, device number 11 [806961.109030] usb 1-1: new high-speed USB device number 12 using xhci_hcd........
  • Openshot 2.2 is very unstable always crashing in Linux Mint 18.1!


    Jun 1 15:45:42 videoeditor-desktop org.mate.panel.applet.MintMenuAppletFactory[1882]: project_data:INFO Missing folder chosen by user: Jun 1 15:45:42 videoeditor-desktop org.mate.panel.applet.MintMenuAppletFactory[1882]: project_data:INFO Removed missing file: MAH02949.MP4 Jun 1 15:45:57 videoeditor-desktop org.mate.panel.applet.MintMenuAppletFactory[1882]: ui_util:WARNING Icon theme media-playback-start not found. Will use backup........
  • Track 01: 34 of 1726 MB written (fifo 100%) [buf 99%] 3.6x.Errno: 5 (Input/output error), write_g1 scsi sendcmd: cmd timeout after 1.897 (40) s CDB: 2A 00 00 00 44 A9 00 00 1F 00 resid: 6144 cmd finished after 1.897s timeout 40s write track da


    These errors believe it or not are simply because of not being the root user or running with sudo! However if you didn't know to try as root you'd think there was a problem with your burner or disc Essentially it looks like without root you cannot send the required scsi commands to continue writing. Ithink cdrecord should have built-in tests or safeguards to see if it has the permissions to run the required commands. I guess for more advanced users the idea is simila........
  • Linux Mint Install Netboot PXE Guide Howto


    *Update so this doesn't work it must be something to do with the path of nfs or something else but the installer fails with "Installer crashed" at the end whereas with the CD/USB it works. This assumes you've already installed and configured a separate PXE/DHCP server somewhere else and your /tftpboot directory is setup. This is for Linux Mint 18.1 but generally applies to most versions although you may have tro change things like "casper"........
  • Windows 2012 Essentials r2 error - "system_thread_exception_not_handled (srv.sys)"


    I'm getting this error randomly but suspect it is an update or application conflict. It also takes ages for this "collection" to happen. "system_thread_exception_not_handled (srv.sys)"........
  • strange vi errors in Linux Mint/Ubuntu line 58: E488: Trailing characters: t_Sbet line 63: E171: Missing :endif


    This happens on any file an even just typing "vi"whereas it never happened before. I suspect an update or environment variable is causing this issue When entering vi I get this weird stuff line 58: E488: Trailing characters: t_Sbet line 63: E171: Missing :endif When exiting vi I get this weird stuff t_Sb=^[[4%?%p1%{1}%=%t........
  • cPanel error Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' when adding remote MySQL IP address solution


    Error while connecting to MYSQL: (XID 4ea7s9) Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: YES) at /usr/local/cpanel/Cpanel/Mysql.pm line 181 Solution This error occurs because the /root/.my.cnf has the wrong/outdated password for MySQL root user. Simply edit /root/.my.cnf with the correct user. This normally happens if you update outside of cPanel.........
  • Linux Mint missing ffmpeg solution to install from Ubuntu PPA


    This is very annoying that ffmpeg is missing from Linux Mint! They have ffmpeg2theora which is a totally different codec and does not work as ffmpeg does at all (it is basically totally different). However on Linux Mint 17 I was able to use a Ubuntu PPA and sucessfully install ffmpeg! https://launchpad.net/~mc3man/+archive/ubuntu/trusty-media Adding this PPA to your system........
  • Migrating from Linux Mint 17.2 mdadm RAID array to a new one (because I upgraded to larger drives).


    1.) Replicate the number of partitions in your new drives. gdisk /dev/sda gdisk /dev/sdb I created 3 partitions of the same same size. partition #1: +1G (/boot) partition #2: +60G (swap) partition #3: rest of it (/) #note if you are using GPT/gdisk you need to create separate a partition at least 1MB in size (in my case I would a 4th partition and mark it type ef02).........
  • yum Packages skipped because of dependency problems:


    Solution: yum -y install --skip-broken package-you-want-to-install Packages skipped because of dependency problems: php56w-mysql-5.6.30-1.w6.x86_64 from webtatic Error: Multilib version problems found. This often means that the root cause is something else and multilib version checking is just pointing out that there is........
  • Using a proxy with yum in Centos 6


    Could not retrieve mirrorlist http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=x86_64&repo=os error was 12: Timeout on http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=x86_64&repo=os: (28, 'Operation too slow. Less than 1 bytes/sec transfered the last 30 seconds') Error: Cannot find a valid baseurl for repo: base You would think this should be fine and simple like using a proxy with most other software? However........
  • mdadm and lvm how to completely disable and remove vg/pv/lv


    In short the solution is just to use vgremove for the actual /dev/mapper device: vgremove /dev/mapper/backups-backuplv box mnt # mdadm --manage /dev/md8 --stop mdadm: Cannot get exclusive access to /dev/md8:Perhaps a running process, mounted filesystem or active volume group? box mnt # lv lvchange lvconvert lvcreate l........
  • mdadm frozen and doesn't realize array is dead/missing failed due to unplugged drives


    This was a surprising bug but I unplugged all drives for an array md127. At first it was just 1 drive and mdadm seemed to notice this. I unplugged the second drive taking the array offline but mdadm did not realize it was offline and still showed a non-existent disk as being part of it. This created problems trying to unmount it or even to stop this array with mdadm freezing. As for how to fix it I can only think of making sure you are not in a mounted path of........
  • DRBD Split-brain solution


    Uh oh [17925926.174277] block drbd0: Handshake successful: Agreed network protocol version 96 [17925926.174325] block drbd0: conn( WFConnection -> WFReportParams ) [17925926.174342] block drbd0: Starting asender thread (from drbd0_receiver [1682]) [17925926.174432] block drbd0: data-integrity-alg: [17925926.174581] block drbd0: drbd_sync_handshake: [17925926.174586] block drbd0: self 2AAE66AF9252D6DB:2815BF........
  • The folder contents could not be displayed connection refused - solution


    This happened while updating Linux Mint/Debian/Ubuntu on a remote SMB/Samba share. Solution After waiting for updates to complete things will work normally but it really is strange that the service actually stops working or is disabled for so long during the update. It is likely the update process stops the serivce and only restarts after the update is complete.........
  • ERROR 2013 (HY000): Lost connection to MySQL server during query


    The solution is simple but strange, if you copy your /var/lib/mysql directory to another server and think it will work, be sure to check if you have /var/log/mysql and binary log files. If you do, the server will not work and will give you errors like below and crash without the proper log files. UPDATE user SET password=password("newpass") WHERE user='root'; flush privileges; ERROR 2013 (HY000): Lost connection to MySQL server durin........
  • ioncube loader install howto on PHP/Centos


    Disclaimer, before starting this I do not like ioncube, it is great to protect your source code, but a big pain to setup this extension since it has to be done manually. Further, fi you do a PHPupdate ioncube may no longer work, causing important sites or services to not work (I wish authors would take another approach). 1.) Download from here:https://www.ioncube.com/loaders.php 2.) Extract the contents and co........
  • PYCURL ERROR 22 - The requested URL returned error: 404 Not Found Solution


    # yum -y install qemu-kvm Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Setting up Install Process Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: mirror.lzu.edu.cn * elrepo: ftp.utexas.edu * epel: ftp.jaist.ac.jp * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com * openvz-kernel-rhel6: mirror.fdcservers.net * openvz-utils: mirror.fdcservers.net * updates: mirrors.nwsuaf.edu.cn Resolving Dependencies........
  • MySQL Allow Access from Remote Host IP and Update All Users


    Change Host="192.168.5.99" with the remote IP allowed(this is of course more secure but also cumbersome if your IP changes). You could also have a single layer of protection that specifies the IP via firewall or both (of course both are far mor secure). UPDATE user SET Host="192.168.5.99" where Host="localhost" or for any/wildcard UPDATE user SET Host="%" where Host="localhost&qu........
  • ADATA SU800 256GB 3D NAND Flash SSD Test & Review


    I keep reading these drives are slower, but they are cheap and still SSDand work very fast for my needs. As you can see the sequential read is 481-491MB/s, if I put them in MDADM RAID10 mode (normal RAID1) they should give me well over 900MB/s and with redundancy and being very cheap for what they offer. [1232206.315622] scsi 8:0:1:0: Direct-Access ATA ADATA SU800&........
  • mdadm kernel panic if trying to change --layout on a RAID10


    It is already known this is not possible mdadm --create /dev/md3 --level 10 --layout=f2 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sdc1 /dev/sdd1 mdadm: /dev/sdc1 appears to be part of a raid array: level=raid10 devices=2 ctime=Sat Dec 24 18:44:29 2016 mdadm: /dev/sdd1 appears to be part of a raid array: level=raid10 devices=2 ctime=Sat Dec 24 18:44:29 2016 Continue creating ar........
  • iptables how to forward localhost port to remote public IP


    iptables -t nat -A OUTPUT -m addrtype --src-type LOCAL --dst-type LOCAL -p tcp --dport 3306 -j DNAT --to-destination ip.ip.ip.ip iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -m addrtype --src-type LOCAL --dst-type UNICAST -j MASQUERADE sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet=1 Make sure you substitute "ip.ip.ip.ip" for your real public IP and also the "--dport 3306" for the port you want to forward. Finally run the sysctl command and........
  • OpenVZ mass ip update


    The file ipupdate.txt should look like this: ip.ip.ip.ip ctid while read -r; do ip=$REPLY setip=`echo $ip|awk '{print $1}'` ctid=`echo $ip|awk '{print $2}'` echo "vzctl set $ctid --ipadd $setip --save" vzctl set $ctid --ipadd $setip --save done < ipupdate.txt........
  • mdadm change wrong device name md127 fix and solution in Linux


    md127 issue, it should be /dev/md3 per mdadm.conf Any time something is mounted as md127 it almost always means there is no entry for this mdadm array in the mdadm.conf in initramfs (which is separate from your actual /etc/mdadm.conf). cat /etc/mdadm.conf ARRAY /dev/md3 metadata=1.2 UUID=b6722845:381cc94e:7a2c5b5f:8e3b7c4f The reason for this is something strange, most Linux OS's bizarrely always keep their own copy of /etc/mdadm.con........
  • /dev/drbd0: State change failed: (-2) Need access to UpToDate data solution


    Everytime I've seen this error "/dev/drbd0: State change failed: (-2) Need access to UpToDate data" it is because DRBD has no disk: cat /proc/drbd version: 8.3.13 (api:88/proto:86-96) GIT-hash: 83ca112086600faacab2f157bc5a9324f7bd7f77 build by root@sighted, 2012-10-09 12:47:51 0: cs:Connected ro:Secondary/Secondary ds:Diskless/Inconsistent A r----- ns:0 nr:0 dw:0 dr:0 al........
  • error code:0xc0000005 windows 2012 datacenter


    When installing Windows 2012 I cannot get around that error for some reason it just keeps on happening. code:0xc0000005........
  • Linux Mint 17 How to Enable File Sharing Option in File Manager


    I still cannot understand how this would not be enabled by default and I struggled to find the reason why with manually installing samba etc.. wondering why the option for sharing was not in the menu. On Linux Mint "MATE" the package is called "caja-share" and on Cinnamon it is called "nemo-share" so edit the below command as necessary: *Also note that the "samba" package is necessary as it is not inst........
  • OpenVZ Error: Failed to load 2nd level quota solution


    Syncing private Live migrating container... Syncing 2nd level quota 11000: invalid option -- F Usage: vzdqload quotaid [-c file] commands Loads user/group qouta information from stdin into quota file. -c file use given quota file Commands specify what user/group information to load: -G grace time -U disk limits........
  • Openvz error solutions Container already locked (error) can't lock quota file, some quota operations are performing for id 1200


    rm /vz/lock/1200.lck rm: remove regular file `/vz/lock/1200.lck'? y vzctl start 1200 Container already locked vzctl start 1200 Starting container ... vzquota : (error) can't lock quota file, some quota operations are performing for id 1200 vzquota on failed [7] vzquota off 1200 vzctl start 1200 vzquota on 1200 root@rttbox ~]# vzquota off 1200 vzquota : (........
  • blocked for more than 120 seconds issues with iowait and timeout on Live Linux distribution while writing to physical disk


    This happened while an mdadm array was syncing, all access from writing a new blank file to opening a small .txt file was very slow: [222117.312078] kjournald starting. Commit interval 5 seconds [222117.685060] EXT3-fs (md0): using internal journal [222117.685096] EXT3-fs (md0): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode [222122.376847] kjournald starting. Commit interval 5 seconds [222122.602825] EXT3-fs (md2): using internal jour........
  • mdadm how to create mdadm.conf config file


    It is as simple as the command below, it will then update your mdadm.conf or create it in /etc/mdadm.conf mdadm --detail --brief --scan > /etc/mdadm.conf ........
  • Ubuntu/Debian OpenVZ Template Problems No Networking and SSH not starting


    It all comes down to a bug essentially where you are running an older kernel that doesn't support the newer Debian templates. The solution is to update your OpenVZ kernel. Here are some symptoms of the problem/lack of kernel support: Ubuntu Template 12.04 requires a manual network start: service networking start sshd will not start: /usr/sbin/sshd PRNG is not seeded mknod /dev/random c 1 8........
  • mysql_real_escape_string returns an empty string solution


    This is a common mistake but many people do not realize this function comes from mysql itself, so therefore you need an active mysql connection open. Usually the string will be empty and null when you call it from outside of the database connection portion of your code. eg. an example of the wrong way and creating a null/empty string $var = mysql_real_escape_string($myself) mysql_connect(); // returns n........
  • Cannot Read License File cPanel Solution


    This can happen because port 80 is not open, or your license has expired and/or your IP is out of date and also if the license server itself from cPanel is having issues. In most cases as long as you have a valid license the following command will solve it: /usr/local/cpanel/cpkeyclt Updating cPanel license...Done. Update succeeded. Building global cache for cpanel...Done Cannot........
  • curl: (35) SSL connect error solution


    curl -k https://somesite.org curl: (35) SSL connect error The site used to work until I got a new SSL cert Updating curl with (yum -y install curl) made it work again. ........
  • vps windows 2008 datacenter error code 0xc004c020


    Does anyone have any suggestions on how to handle this error code? It is for a client who has a Windows 2008 R2 Datacenter License and wants to install virtual instances on the same host.........
  • Error: database disk image is malformed - yum error solution and fix


    I got this when running yum on a Centos 6 machine: Error: database disk image is malformed It was easily fixed with the following command: yum clean all........
  • esniper error on Linux Mint 17.2 Debian/Ubuntu: Cannot connect to URL : SSL connect error: gnutls_handshake() failed: Illegal parameter Retrying... esniper encountered a bug. It looks like your esniper version is not current. You have version 2.28


    Auction 262382440107: Cannot connect to URL : SSL connect error: gnutls_handshake() failed: Illegal parameter Retrying... esniper encountered a bug. It looks like your esniper version is not current. You have version 2.28.0, the newest version is 2.31.0. Please go to http://esniper.sf.net/ and update your copy of esniper.........
  • SAS2008 LSI 9200-E Linux Upgrade Flash Firmware with sas2flash


    Download from here http://www.avagotech.com/products/server-storage/host-bus-adapters/sas-9200-8e#downloads sudo Installer_P20_for_Linux/sas2flash_linux_i686_x86-64_rel/sas2flash -listall LSI Corporation SAS2 Flash Utility Version 20.00.00.00 (2014.09.18) Copyright (c) 2008-2014 LSI Corporation. All rights reserved &nbs........
  • Apache Vhost HowTo Serve Same Content using a different domain and IP


    There are a few ways of doing this and all basically involve using the reverse proxy or "ProxyPass" feature of Apache to accomplish it. 1.) Create a normal vhost and simply symlink the root directory of the site you want to mirror. Eg. originalsite.com and newsite.com /vhosts/originalsite.com/httpdocs You would symlink like this: ln -s /vhosts/originalsite.com/httpdocs vhosts/originalsite.com/........
  • MySQL PHP adding a backslash/escaping apostrophes Solution


    The first thing to diagnose is what is actually in the database (use PHPMyAdmin or CLI). You will of course either find that the backslash is either in the database or not. If the backslash is in the database you probably have magic quotes gpc/runtime on and/or are calling the "addslashes()" function which does this. If you are escaping your data with mysql_real_escape_string() then think again, you probably have magic quotes gpc enabled either in php.ini or........
  • Linux Mint/Ubuntu/Debian Dual NICs networks problem when enabling and disabling one device


    The Scenario You have dual NICs and you disable NIC1 which uses 192.168.1.1 as its gateway. With NIC2 you enable it/connect it to another network which also has the gateway 192.168.1.1 Everything will work fine at this point. When switching back to NIC1 even with NIC2 disabled and even unplugged, the OS basically can't pick up the new/updated ARP entry of the old device for 192.168.1.1 and perhaps thinks it is a security risk or spoof of some sorts and blocks i........
  • Redirect www host to non-www Linux Apache modrewrite


    The below forces all request to your domain to go to the main non-www root domain. Updated code: RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !=domain.com RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://newurl.com/subdir/$1 [R=301,L] If you don't want it to go to a subdirectory: RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !=domain.com RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://newurl.com/$1 [R=301,L] Bad code: This code is bad beca........
  • Avocent 8020 KVM Java Icedtea Viewer


    It seems every other updated version of Java or Icedtea breaks things and I will save the frustration of Java for another post. *If you get the icedteaweb window but nothing loads or prompts it is probably your security settings that won't even prompt to run it. See this article to solve that problem. To fix this error you need to edit the java.security file m........
  • Cannot get mono to work properly on Linux Mint


    mono/wine not working in Ubuntu/Linux Mint/Debian: The assembly mscorlib.dll was not found or could not be loaded. It should have been installed in the `/usr/lib/mono/2.0/mscorlib.dll' directory. solution: sudo apt-get install mono-complete Problems: mono does not work well for even simple things like a Winrar self extracting .exe fi........
  • CPanel SNI error


    Your server does not support SNI, so all of your SSL websites must use the same SSL certificate. An update to the certificate on an existing SSL website will affect all of your SSL websites, and new SSL websites must use the currently installed certificate.........
  • How to get/display full path to file in Linux/Unix


    It is just the readlink command with the -f switch and it will display the full path, very handy to save time when you want to copy and paste the location of a file or script etc.. readlink -f updatehtaccess.sh /var/lib/updatehtaccess.sh ........
  • Mysql how to backup/copy row from one table to another


    INSERT INTO articles_backup SELECT * FROM articles WHERE articleID="118" It is so simple we always recommend people do this when updating their database so you always have a backup. The above inserts the copy into the table "articles_backup" which has an identical structure. It selects the entry from "articles" where the articleID is "118" but of course you can adapter yours to whatever the situation is.........
  • Centos 6 how to guide convert LVM non-RAID into mdadm 1/10 RAID array live without reinstalling


    Here is the scenario you or a client have a remote machine that was installed as a standard/default minimal Centos 6.x machine on a single disk with LVM for whatever reason. Often many people do not know how to install it to a RAID array so it is common to have this problem and why reinstall if you don't need to? In some cases on a remote system you can't easily reinstall without physical or KVM access. So in this case you add a second physical or disk or already ha........
  • openvz yum problem Centos 6.5 cannot find file on mirror:


    #solution Edit /etc/yum.repos.d/openvz.repo For the first two entries comment out #mirrorlist and uncomment #baseurl and then it worked openvz yum problem Centos 6.5 cannot find file on mirror: yum update Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Determining fastest mirrors * openvz-kernel-rhel6: mirrors.ustc.edu.cn * openvz-utils: mirrors.ustc.edu.cn base ........
  • Virtualbox errors on Ubuntu/Debian/Mint


    The solution was to reinstall the vbox dkms package and do a manual modprobe of the modules it makes. I never sorted out the unable to start due to the USB issue, I did have the guest additions installed but the only way to boot was to change the pointing device from USB to PS2 and then to disable the USB controller (if your pointing device is set as USB, disabling USB will not work because it will re-enable by default when it sees your pointing device is USB, this is w........
  • How To Install Linux Mint 17.2 on mdadm RAID with a separate boot partition


    Iwas surprised to see that Linux Mint at the latest 17.2 version still has NO mdadm installer option, and worse the installer will not be able to create a proper booting environment even when you do install it. How to setup mdadm in Linux mint LiveCD sudo su apt-get install mdadm # partition as you need and then create your mdadm devices # create your SWAP md0 mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sda1 /d........
  • clamav freshclam out of date won't update solution


    freshclam ERROR: Can't open /var/log/clamav/freshclam.log in append mode (check permissions!). ERROR: Problem with internal logger (UpdateLogFile = /var/log/clamav/freshclam.log). Tue Oct 13 13:49:35 2015 -> WARNING: Incremental update failed, trying to download daily.cvd Tue Oct 13 13:49:35 2015 -> WARNING: Can't download daily.cvd from db.local.clamav.net Tue Oct 13 13:49:35 2015 -> Trying again in 5 secs...........
  • Installing zoneminder on Ubuntu/Debian Linux Howto


    sudo apt-get install zoneminder [sudo] password for one: Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: libuser-perl python-evince kdebase-apps kwrite unixodbc libgnomeprint2.2-data python-soappy vgabios python-metacity hddtemp python-mediaprof........
  • mdadm create raid10 array with only 2 drives


    mdadm --create /dev/md1 --level 10 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sdb2 /dev/sdc2 --layout=f2 --metadata=0.90 Note that layout=f2 or layout=n2 is very important as without it you'll get a complaint like this: mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level 10 --raid-devices /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdc1 missing missing mdadm: invalid number of raid devices: /dev/sdb1 It is basically more like a prop........
  • Dell CS24 NV5/NV7 Gigabyte GA-3CESL-RH Motherboard ROM Chip info


    If you remove the white label on the chip (near the CMOS battery) you will find the following details about it: SST 49LF080A 33-4C-NHE It is the PLCC32 type and can be pried and removed safely (but be very careful) with an eye glass flat head screw driver. If you just have a bad flash you may be able to reprogram your original or just buy another one with the part# above and reprogram it. This is great news for people who have bricked th........
  • HP Procurve Switch 2824 CLI Telnet Experience , Guide and Tutorial


    telnet 192.168.1.54 ------------------------------------- ProCurve J4903A Switch 2824 Software revision I.10.77 Copyright (C) 1991-2009 Hewlett-Packard Co. All Rights Reserved. RESTRICTED RIGHTS LEGEND Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject........
  • Debian sources.list examples


    Based on this from Debian The 'distribution' can be either the release code name / alias (wheezy, jessie, stretch, sid) or the release class (........
  • Lost connection to MySQL server during query [2013]


    This happened while trying to delete several thousand users from phpBB and basically corrupted the innoDB tables. InnoDB: Page lsn 3 881164362, low 4 bytes of lsn at page end 881164362 InnoDB: Page number (if stored to page already) 86920, InnoDB: space id (if created with >= MySQL-4.1.1 and stored already) 0 InnoDB: Page may be an index page where index id is 700 InnoDB: (index "tid_post_time" of table "phpBBdb2005"."phpbb3_p........
  • cPanel how to force reinstall rpms and fix packages and other problems caused by updates or duplicate rpms


    If a service is not working and resetting it to defaults is not working and you get bizarre error messages it is probably a broken update and possibly duplicate package. Take in this case "exim" not working even after resetting to defaults. Check for duplicates: rpm -aq|grep exim ........
  • How to install grub on virtio KVM with Linux


    I messed up the bootloader by accident on a standard Centos 6.3 install because I turned the /dev/vda1 boot partition into an mdadm raid 1. This was all done correctly aside from one point Ididn't realize was an issue metadata=00.90 is the only thing that will allow you to boot (otherwise grub won't work and you won't boot). So the next step is rescue mode from a CD right? The problem you will find is that grub does not detect your hard drives, this is Ibelieve is be........
  • OpenVZ vzctl update changes how iptables work - iptables v1.3.5: can't initialize iptables table `nat': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?) Perhaps iptables or your kernel needs to be upgraded. updated solution


    Are you getting the same old error message even though your iptables settings for OpenVZ are correct? iptables v1.3.5: can't initialize iptables table `nat': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?) Perhaps iptables or your kernel needs to be upgraded. The reason is because in newer vzctl the old way of setting IPTABLES="" in vz.conf is completely deprecated (I spent some time fiddling wondering why my settings were correct but........
  • bash shellshock how to manually patch when there is no update for Centos/Debian/Ubuntu/Fedora


    wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/bash/bash-4.3.tar.gz tar xzvf bash-4.3.tar.gz cd bash-4.3/ wget --no-directories --level 1 --recursive http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/bash/bash-4.3-patches/ for patch in `ls bash43-*|grep -v .sig$`; do echo applying "$patch" patch -p0 < $patch done ./configure;make;make install #it will install to /usr/bin/bash but if your bash is somewhere else you need to overwrite the old one.........
  • /usr/libexec/mysqld: The table 'session' is full solution


    First of all if you're getting this error it is a result of extreme database activity. If you aren't expecting it or it doesn't make sense to you 99% of the time this is a database driven script being exploited (some common examples I see often are things like phpBB being hit by dozens, hundreds or thousands of bots making constant DB write requests). The easiest way to identify this is to restart MySQL and then run the third party tool "mtop" and you'll see all........
  • Samsung Galaxy Note Upgrade/Update Experience from 4.0.4 with aftermarket ROMs


    It really seems that 4.4.4 is not ready or stable for the i717 yet and this makes sense since it takes a lot of work/development and testing to get the factory stock ROMs working well. In the end I used the 4.1.2 based Blackstra BlackJelly because it was fast, stable and just works and feels great. The aftermarket support is great but many devs are focussed on adding features and customization that most of us don't want or need rather than getting things smooth and stable.........
  • CPanel Link to all of the command line options


    CPanel says you can access 98% of the functions through CLI which experienced Unix/Linux admins prefer for simplicity and for scripting.  I've never found CPanel easy to use from the admin panel, it seems everything is hard to find and a simple task becomes a series of hunts. So for people like me here's the list: http://cpanel.net/system-administrators/command-line-scrip........
  • Webalizer Error Error: Unable to restore run data (11) Error: Unable to restore run data (11) Solution


    Error: Unable to restore run data (10) Error: Unable to restore run data (11) Ikeep getting this error but so far there is no obvious solution. Sometimes I've had to remove the *.hist files so I'll try that again. *Update This is an ongoing random problem after months of running webalizer it runs into some problem that can only be fixed by removing the following files so it can rebuild the stats (you end up losing p........
  • phpBB create new email hash manually when modifying or adding user manually directly through MySQL


    Many may ask why would you need to do this? When upgrading from phpBB 2 to 3 the conversion does not keep the admin user you create. If your old admin user has an email address associated that no longer works or is accessible this makes it impossible to reset the admin password. Some may just say "I'll just manually edit the e-mail address" but it won't work and phpBB will fail to find that user if you don't update the "user_email_hash" field but how do........
  • mytop install errors


    mytop-1.4-2.el5.rf.noarch from rpmforge has depsolving problems --> Missing Dependency: perl(DBI) is needed by package mytop-1.4-2.el5.rf.noarch (rpmforge) solution: #disabling excludes is required on CPanel type boxes which exclude most updates including perl-DBI yum --disableexcludes=main install perl-DBI mytop-1.4-2.el5.rf.noarch from rpmforge has depsolving problems --> Missing Dependency:........
  • Windows 2008 Server Trial How To Activate & Extend the Trial


    To activate your Windows 2008 server trial which gives you 180 days: Start ->Right Click (My Computer). Click "Activate Windows now" To renew your license for 6 days (can be done 3 times): Start -> Type this command: slmgr.vbs -rearm Wait a few minutes until it says it is successful (unless you get that message it has not worked or been done)........
  • The Best NoSQL Solution


    To first start off, there are many misconceptions about NoSQL and especially its strengths and weaknesses. Even the popular NoSQL solution MongoDB is fraught with issues that no one seems to be concerned about aside from a few but there are serious issues with database integrity and verified writes. MySQL was considered dangerous or incomplete at one point without having the transactional safety features of Oracle for example. However the NoSQLimplementations seem........
  • WHMCS Sending Blank E-mails Solution


    After the "latest" update one of our clients asked us to figure out the issue and it turns out it is related to the mail settings. Basically all e-mails were being sent with blank text/no body. The solution Go to "Setup ->General Settings ->Mail" and just click on "Save" and it will work again. Note that this assumes you didn't break things yourself by changing any settings. WHMCS may tell y........
  • How to update Open Office in Ubuntu/Debian if your repository is outdated or no longer supported


    http://sourceforge.net/projects/apacheoo-deb/files/debian/dists/wheezy/main/binary-i386/ To install AOO on your computer, you need to add the following entry to the /etc/apt/sources.list file: deb http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/apacheoo-deb/debian wheezy main sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install openoffice-en* openoffice-brand-writer openoffice-brand-calc openoffice-brand-impress openoffice-brand-base open........
  • drbd won't sync 8.3.13 on OpenVZ kernel


    I used the matching 8.3.13 utilities and it didn't work but strangely the newer 8.3.16 which makes DRBD complain works just fine. GIT-hash: 83ca112086600faacab2f157bc5a9324f7bd7f77 build by root@sighted, 2012-10-09 12:47:51  0: cs:SyncSource ro:Secondary/Primary ds:UpToDate/Inconsistent A r-----     ns:0 nr:0 dw:0 dr:0 al:0 bm:0 lo:0 pe:0 ua:0 ap:0 ep:1 wo:b oos:5236960   &am........
  • Wordpress Security Hole, Plug it by manually installing themes and plugins


    It's always bothered me how Wordpress basically forces the user to provide their hosting credentials to install themes and plugins. How do know for sure the data is not being saved, intercepted and being provided backdoor access to the NSA or other agencies or even just being misused by others with access? Here's how to close the security hole above and if you're already given Wordpress your credentials make sure you change everything associated it with it. Eg. change your........
  • LVM Tutorial how to create a Physical Volume (PV), Volume Group (vg), and a Logical Volume (LV) within it


    # first we need a physical volume which we use the pvcreate tool to create # I create mine on /dev/sdb3 pvcreate /dev/sdb3 dev_is_mpath: failed to get device for 8:19 Physical volume "/dev/sdb3" successfully created # pvdisplay shows the newly created volume pvdisplay "/dev/sdb3" is a new physical volume of "1.35 TiB" --- NEW Physical volume --- PV N........
  • yum error "Error: database disk image is malformed" solution


    yum -y install mathtools Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: centos.mirror.rafal.ca * epel: mirror.steadfast.net * extras: mirror.agmn.ca * rpmforge: repoforge.mirror.constant.com * updates: centosb5.centos.org extras ........
  • How to view GPT/EFI Windows Partition Table


    fdisk unfortunately can't do this and I'm not sure if there's any updated version that handles it but parted can do it. Here's an example of how to do it: parted /dev/sda print 1 17.4kB 1024MB 1024MB ntfs primary 2 1024MB 16144MB 15120MB ntfs primary /dev/sda1 would be the first partiton /dev/sda2 would be the second partition You can then just access them like any other normal partition.........
  • Asterisk VOIP Sipura/Linksys PAP2T Calls Not Being Received Solution


    This problem seemed to happen recently but was likely causing issues before where the phone(s) do not ring. Now there are a few reasons why this can happen especially if your adapter has DND mode enabled (disable it). However that wasn't my issue and Ionly figured it out the other day when by fluke if you're on the phone (making a call) then calls will come in. That's when Ifigured out the solution: This likely app........
  • OpenVZ mismatched kernel and dev when compiling.


    ./configure ./configure: line 91: cd: /lib/modules/2.6.32-042stab084.25/build: No such file or directory Error: kernel version not found. Please make sure your kernel is configured. dr-xr-xr-x. 4 root root 4096 Feb 21 06:13 .. lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 45 Feb 21 06:13 build -> ../../../usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-042stab084.25 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Feb 12 20........
  • Microsoft Updates suddenly stops at 50% downloading solution


    This seems to mainly affect new installs of Windows and especially on XP randomly. There are whole pages dedicated to the subject but none of them have a simple proper solution. They and Microsoft say to use "Microsoft Fix It", the only problem is it requires .NET and many new installs of Windows don't have it by default. The simple solution you asked for Just reboot Windows and that is how Ifixed it.........
  • yum Centos 386 and 64 bit conflict resolution


    This can happen when you install RPMForge or other repos with the wrong architecture and here's how you fix it (simply uninstalling won't usually fix it): solution yum clean all yum -y install openvpn Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, presto Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: mirror.its.sfu.ca * extras: centos.mirror.nexicom.net * rpmforge: mirror.cpsc.ucalgary.ca * up........
  • Centos Howto Upgrade to PHP 5.3 from 5.2


    It's not as simple as "yum install" as you can see below and it doesn't stop there. yum install php53 Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * rpmforge: mirror.us.leaseweb.net * extras: centos.mirror.rafal.ca * updates: centos.mirror.nexicom.net * base: centos.mirror.nexicom.net * addons: centos.mirror.nexicom.net Setting up Install Process........
  • What a hdd hard drive and mdadm RAID array failure looks like in Linux


    [3805108.257042] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] 1953525168 512-byte hardware sectors: (1.00 TB/931 GiB) [3805108.257052] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off [3805108.257054] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Mode Sense: 00 3a 00 00 [3805108.257066] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write cache: enabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA [3805108.257083] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] 1953525168 512-byte hardware sectors: (1.00 TB/931 GiB) [3805108.257090] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off........
  • Linux Ubuntu Debian Howto Manually Update/Install Thunderbird


    wget http://download-location sudo tar xjvf thunderbird-24.2.0.tar.bz2 -C /opt ln -s /opt/thunderbird/thunderbird /usr/bin/thunderbird [sudo] password for one: ln: creating symbolic link `/usr/bin/thunderbird': File exists sudo rm /usr/bin/thunderbird ln -s /opt/thunderbird/thunderbird /usr/bin/thunderbird The above is how Idid it, if you don't do it properly you'll find that you are still using the old version (........
  • Linux Ubuntu Debian Howto Manually Update/Install Firefox


    wget http://download-location mv /usr/bin/firefox /usr/bin/firefox-old sudo tar xjvf firefox-26.0.tar.bz2 -C /opt ln -s /opt/firefox/firefox /usr/bin/firefox The above is how Idid it, if you don't do it properly you'll find that you are still using the old version (so verify in About that it is the new version). I've verified the above method works perfectly, it's great if you're using an older version of Linux and need to update the most........
  • DD-WRT Set Static DHCP IP Address For Lease


    Services -> Services "Static Leases" Fill out an empty line: MAC Address Host Name IP Address Those first 3 fields are mandatory, if you miss it then the changes will be lost even if you try to save. Make sure you've d........
  • openssh-server has no installation candidate Debian/Ubuntu Solution


    Idon't know why but some installations don't have this in the database by default. To fix it to an: sudo apt-get update;sudo apt-get install openssh-server and then it will work........
  • Ubuntu/Debian how to update FlashPlayer manually


    Download the latest from Adobe's site and unzip it, enter the directory it creates and type the following: sudo cp libflashlayer.so /usr/lib/adobe-flashplugin/ sudo cp -r usr/* /usr........
  • Update wordpress script


    Requirements: 1.) Enter your root wordpress directory. 2.)Download the latest wordpress.zip to it. #backup your current files just in case cp -a . wp-current-bk`date +%Y%m%d` unzip wordpress-3.7.1.zip rm -rf wp-includes rm -rf wp-admin echo y|cp -a wordpress/wp-includes . echo y|cp -a wordpress/wp-admin . echo y|cp -a wordpress/wp-content/* wp-content echo y|cp wordpress/* .........
  • MySQL Error : Table 'datastore' is read only Error Number : 1036 solution


    This happens because of a permissions or ownership issue. Generally /var/lib/mysql should be all owned by mysql.mysql (check that). To fix it use chown -R mysql.mysql /var/lib/mysql Also make sure the files are at least readable and writable by mysql (eg. 700).........
  • Migrate Linux Mint OS from one drive to another


    mount -o bind /proc /sda2/proc mount -o bind /dev/ /sda2/dev mount -o bind /sys /sda2/sys chroot /sda2 mint / # mount -o bind /proc /sda2/proc mint / # mount -o bind /dev/ /sda2/dev mint / # mount -o bind /sys /sda2/sys mint / # chroot /sda2 mint / # cd ~ mint ~ # ls Desktop mint ~ # cd / mint / # ls bin Desktop dev-temp home&nb........
  • Openvz OOM Centos Issue Memory Config Settings Solution


    Linux box13. 2.6.32-042stab076.5 #1 SMP Mon Mar 18 20:41:34 MSK 2013 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux even setting privvmpages to a specific setting DOES not affect "free -m" in containers. This is probably a kernel issue 23:36:29 up 159 days, 7:12, 4 users, load average: 0.42, 0.44, 0.33 [root@box13 ~]# free -m total&n........
  • mdadm how to add additional RAID 1 drives


    This is a great way to upgrade your RAID array or move it/copy it to a new set of hard drives. Eg. you have a current RAID 1 array on older/slower drives. Just add at least 1 of the new drives to the array, update grub/install it and then boot into it. Then you have a transparent data migration that is fully synchronized. mdadm --grow /dev/md126 --raid-devices 3 md127 : active raid1 sdc1........
  • bash date command to convert unix epoch timestamp


    date -d @timestampgoeshere +%c It's very handy and simple as shown above.........
  • Centos 5,6,7 Install EPEL from Fedora for extra packages Howto


    http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F Visit the above URL, choose your version and architecture and install it. EPELhas a lot of missing and extra packages that rpmforge does not. For Centos 5 #update EPEL for Centos 5 is now archived and not really supported but can be downloaed from here:........
  • CPanel suhosin install failed


    /scripts/phpextensionmgr install PHPSuHosin Updating md5sum list Fetching http://httpupdate.cpanel.net/cpanelsync/easy/targz.yaml (connected:0).......(request attempt 1/12)...Resolving httpupdate.cpanel.net...(resolve attempt 1/65)... Fetching http://httpupdate.cpanel.net/mirror_addr_list (connected:0).......(request attempt 1/3)......connecting to 74.50.120.123...@74.50.120.123......connected......receiving...100%......request success......Done........
  • MySQL Allows blank user with no password to login


    I just realized I have some blank users which I deleted butI can still login to this dummy account without a password for some reason. mysql -u -p Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or g. Your MySQL connection id is 5 Server version: 5.1.69 Source distribution Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation an........
  • Dell Perci 6/i Firmware Upgrade Guide Tutorial


    One thing to remember is that you need MegaCli to do the flashing. You also need the correct file,I tried at least 2 different Perc 6 firmwares from Dell that kept getting rejected as corrupt by MegaCli(they were really the wrong version). I have an external PCI-E Dell 6 Perc/I butI chose images from the 'Integrated" on motherboard version as it was allI could find. They are different, and below is my first time finding success.........
  • Dell Perc 6/i cannot downgrade


    I flashed an LSI Logic firmware to it and it broke the BIOS (cannot do Ctrl+R) for booting purposes but allows other functionality to work normally. I tried downgrading to a Dell firmware for Perc 6i but it won't work, not even with MegaCli wget http://downloads.dell.com/FOLDER00416606M/1/SAS-RAID_Firmware_W83M2_LN32_6.3.1-0003_A14.BIN --2013-08-26 12:53:39-- http://downloads.dell.com/FOLDER00416606M/1/SAS-RAID_Firmware_W83M2_LN32_6.3.1-0003_A14.BIN Resolvi........
  • LSI MegaRAID Adventures, Guide and HowTo


    LSi Megaraid At first it was configured as a RAID 0, then I deleted the Virtual Disk Group. I thought both drives would be shown and detected in Linux as sda and sdb but it actually shows nothing. To make them work you have to hit Ctrl+R before the system boots (when prompted) and create a Virtual Disk Group. In my case I created each one as RAID 0 (with a single drive only) as I just wanted JBOD but there is no such option or default in these Dell Pe........
  • rkhunter update failed/dead?


    rkhunter --update Running updater... Mirrorfile /var/rkhunter/db/mirrors.dat rotated Using mirror http://rkhunter.sourceforge.net [DB] Mirror file : ERROR Fatal error: Problem while fetching file ........
  • pxe-32 tftp open timeout


    pxe-32 tftp open timeout The solution was to enable tftp in xinetd with "chkconfig tftp on". See the troubleshooting below: chkconfig --list NetworkManager 0:off 1:off 2:off 3:off 4:off 5:off 6:off acpid 0:off&n........
  • yum update error


    yum update error Traceback (most recent call last): File "/usr/bin/yum", line 29, in ? yummain.user_main(sys.argv[1:], exit_code=True) File "/usr/share/yum-cli/yummain.py", line 229, in user_main errcode = main(args) File "/usr/share/yum-cli/yummain.py", line 145, in main (result, resultmsgs) = base.buildTransaction() &nbs........
  • charat in PHP convert non-English characters into code


    This is basically URL decoding to the decimal code but nothing in PHPworks how you'd expect it. Here are online tools to verify and check your work, it's important when querying databases with non-English characters: http://yehg.net/encoding/index.php# http://meyerweb.com/eric/tools/dencoder/ http://www.codetable.net/decimal/65398 Japanese: http://symbolcodes.tlt.psu.edu/bylanguage/japanesechartkatakana.html Charat code for PHP:........
  • bash how to read a single line or filenames with spaces solution


    This happens all the time, you are reading from a textfile which has spaces eg: datainfo 00 datainfo 11 If you do loop on it like this: for info in `cat $file`; do echo "info=$info" done It will treat datainfo and 00 as two separate lines: info=datainfo info=00 Obviously that's not what we want and there are many weird solutions in bash bu........
  • mkdir(): Too Many Links - The Solution and Problem in ext3 filesystems


    The error itself "mkdir(): Too Many Links" is not very useful, but I'll translate it into plain English. It means you've reached the filesystem's limit of how many directories can be created in a single directory. In this case for ext3 the limit is 32000 and it was exceeded. What's the solution? The simple solution is to move those directories into more subdirectories possibly sorting them by date, alphabet or numerically.........
  • Ubuntu Download Packages/Updates for EOL Unsupported Old Releases


    I installed Ubuntu 11.04 for testing purposes but I couldn't even download SSH server: sudo sed -i -e 's/us.archive.ubuntu.com/old-releases.ubuntu.com/g' /etc/apt/sources.list After running the above make sure you do a "apt-get update" Note with the above that Ihave the search string of "us.archive.ubuntu.com" change it to whatever is in your sources.list The above does not fix all repositories either, I haven't had a chance t........
  • MySQL HowTo Copy Duplicate a Table for backup purposes


    This is a great way to test and experiment without risking your current table, or to make a backup of your current table to avoid corruption or dataloss due to malicious activity eg. deletion etc.. There are two steps and two commands 1.)Copy Table Structure "cars_backup" is the new table and it will be a copy of the table called "cars"........
  • MySQL Show Print List of Field Names only without other data or attributes


    SELECT column_name FROM information_schema.columns W........
  • WD 20EARX Dead Again


    Another new drive bad from the start: Jun 2 15:14:18 one-desktop kernel: [15895.386779] ata2.00: exception Emask 0x50 SAct 0x1 SErr 0x280900 action 0x6 frozen Jun 2 15:14:18 one-desktop kernel: [15895.386782] ata2.00: irq_stat 0x08000000, interface fatal error Jun 2 15:14:18 one-desktop kernel: [15895.386784] ata2: SError: { UnrecovData HostInt 10B8B BadCRC } Jun 2 15:14:18 one-desktop kernel: [15895.386788] ata2.00: cmd 60/0........
  • WD 20EARX 2TB Bad within days


    This is just trying to read 5GB off the drive with dd and the drive initially tested ok but shortly after I wondered why I was seeing 2MB/s read speeds. Notice the "current_pending_sector", anytime I've seen it at anything above 0 even with no other bad fields/attributes, it means the drive is bad. ata1.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x3 SErr 0x0 action 0x0 ata1.00: irq_stat 0x40000008 ata1.00: failed command: READ FPDMA QUEUED ata1.00: cmd 60/00:00:........
  • VBoxSVC uses 100% CPU on Virtualbox Host running Ubuntu


    I haven't updated VBOX in ages but have never seen this issue and it has my CPU running at 100C. Manually/forcefully killing the process does not work with "kill -kill 3892". I've closed the VBOXManager and everything else related to it. This did seem to happen around the time I ran VBoxManage clonehd and it failed, the terminal issue locked up and also never wrote a byte of anything. I forced killed the VBoxManage and tried to remove &........
  • KVM Guest Network Not Working Can't Ping ETC Solution


    Once I set a new MAC address everything was fine and finally anything can be pinged etc.., I've had this happen with many clients in different datacenters on different hardware.........
  • MySQL my.cnf Server How To Secure/Bind to Localhost and Prevent Outside Connections Solutions


    [mysqld] datadir=/var/lib/mysql socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock user=mysql # Disabling symbolic-links is recommended to prevent assorted security risks symbolic-links=0 bind-address=127.0.0.1 The key is "bind-address", set that to 127.0.0.1 and no one from outside the server can connect.........
  • mysqldump: Couldn't execute 'show create table `general_log`': SHOW command denied to user 'user'@'localhost' for table 'general_log' (1142) - Solution


    mysqldump: Couldn't execute 'show create table `general_log`': SHOW command denied to user 'user'@'localhost' for table 'general_log' (1142) One of my clients almost found out the hard way, here is an unlikely situation that happened. 1.) Years ago the client had another VPS to which they backed up a BLOG nightly to an .sql file, what they forgot is that the file also contained all databases (they used the --all-databases option but forgot). So imagi........
  • Starting MySQL. ERROR! Manager of pid-file quit without updating file. - Solution/How To Fix


    service mysql start Starting MySQL. ERROR! Manager of pid-file quit without updating file. Solution killall -9 mysqld_safe killall -9 mysqld service mysql start Starting MySQL SUCCESS!........
  • LVM How-To Activate and Access Volumes/Data


    vgchange -ay 3 logical volume(s) in volume group "vg_12" now active lvscan inactive '/dev/vg_12/lv_root' [144.04 GB] inherit inactive '/dev/vg_12/lv_home' [1.00 GB] inherit inactive '/dev/vg_12/lv_swap' [7.85 GB] inherit........
  • Directadmin error/** Found 7 pre-existing rpmdb problem(s), 'yum check' output follows: e2fsprogs-devel-1.41.12-3.el6.i686 has missing requires of e2fsprogs-libs = ('0', '1.41.12', '3.el6') e2fsprogs-devel-1.41.12-3.el6.i686 has missing requires of l


    Solution To The Following: yum -y install zlib-devel yum -y install e2fsprogs* *** Cannot find /usr/include/et/com_err.h. (yum install libcom_err-devel) *** Installation didn't pass, halting install. Once requirements are met, run the following to continue the install: cd /usr/local/directadmin/scripts ./install.sh Common pre-install commands: http://help.directadmin.com/it........
  • Bad Hard Drive Slows Down Computer


    Here's a proven example of what a bad hard drive can do, it was technically functioning OKin a RAID array but the system became extremely low and the load become high and IOWAIT was even higher and I always thought it was a bad application. The truth is that this failing 1TBHitachi has slowly gotten worse and caused huge slowdowns, (eg. 100% load on Thunderbird waiting for e-mails to load etc..). After swapping it out, tabs change instantly, emails are not lagged, and........
  • Hitachi Serial Numbers for Hard Drives without seeing the physical drive


    Here's what SMART tells me the serial number is: === START OF INFORMATION SECTION === Device Model: Hitachi HDS721010CLA332 Serial Number: JP2940HQ3ZY7KH Firmware Version: JP4OA3EA User Capacity: 1,000,204,886,016 bytes Device is: Not in smartctl database [for details use: -P showall] ATA Version is: 8 ATA Standard is:&nb........
  • Samsung Galaxy Note Ubuntu Linux USB Connection Error


    This pops up when connecting the phone and it doesn't seem to charge. The phone keeps showing a status message every few seconds "Connected as a media device". It's ridiculous why this phone doesn't just default as a simple USB Mass storage device. Here's what I see in /var/log/messages: Jan 30 18:51:27 QuadCoreAM2 kernel: [18038228.144046] usb 1-3: new high speed USB device using ehci_hcd and address 24 Jan 30 18:51:28 QuadCoreAM2 ke........
  • Nearly 100% CPU Usage from processes called dma0chan0 dma0chan1 dma0chan2 dma0chan3


    Inever started these processes but they are from a custom based bootable Linux I've made and I've never seen this behavior on other machines or even with the same machine using different kernels. These processes seemed to spawn on their own and I have no idea why and even worse why the CPU usage is so high? Here's the output from top: 907 extaudit 30 10 0 0 0 R 90.7 0.0........
  • "** You must add a global ddns-update-style statement to /etc/dhcpd.conf." DHCPD Solution


    No one needs this feature for the most part, so here's what I added to /etc/dhcpd.conf to fix it: ddns-update-style none;........
  • Startech SV1107IPEXT KVM/IP Review


    Let's keep this simple, it's horrible, not only is the picture quality horrible (it's not a big deal) but the keyboard input is an issue. You have to type slowly, lightly and carefully otherwise 1-keystroke could end up being dozens of keystrokes. It's also a confusing unit for many datacenter techs, I've seen these units hooked up wrong and the instructions themselves aren't clear. I had to resort to shipping one to my office and take my phone pictures of the setup for th........
  • Lantronix KVM/IP Keyboard/Mouse not working in BIOS before booting the OS


    I've run into two issues with Lantronix based KVMs on various servers and here's how I solved them (with that said I like these units as they are Java based and OS independent and work very well, unike some other models like Startech). 1.) If you are connected by USB only and you're sure USB support from the BIOS is enabled, you just need to click the following in Lantronix Interfaces -> Keyboard/Mouse Check "Force USB Full Speed Mode", this fixed the issu........
  • Setup PXE Boot using Centos and dhcpd, tftp and syslinux


    This is something I often setup for clients because it's very helpful for people in datacenters, this allows custom OS installs on demand, you can customize it more by using kickstart etc.. but here's a base I use before customizing more: This little script below will install everything you need to get booting by PXE Linux. It also assumes you set a local IP (be sure not to overwrite your existing IP) on eth0:0 (note the :0) as 192.168.1.10 and it........
  • Thunderbird How-To Copy/Backup/Restore Accounts and Settings to Another Computer


    The best way is to use rsync, I've set it up so it doesn't copy unnecessary files, or at least ones I'm sure aren't needed. Here is the rsync command Iused (adapt to your specific Thunderbird profile location): rsync -hazv user@remotehost.com:/home/user/.thunderbird/sbrer.default/* /home/user/.thunderbird/4nyb0.default/ --exclude=global* --exclude=Cache --exclude=ImapMail --exclude=Mail This is a great way to get your e-mail accounts going on a new c........
  • KVM Windows 7 won't boot Virtual Machine/VM after install solution


    This seems to be common for some reason when trying to run Windows 7 under KVM and 7 has always had strange issues with KVM. What happens for me is after the install it simply won't boot, it stays on the POST screen and does nothing. For some reason it appears the boot sector either doesn't get installed or gets corrupted with KVM. The solution is to boot the install disc for Windows 7 and reinstall the windows MBR into the boot sector: 1. Boot t........
  • mdadm: /dev/sdb1 not large enough to join array solution


    mdadm --manage /dev/md1 --add /dev/sdb1 mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored. mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored. mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored. mdadm: /dev/sdb1 not large enough to join array md1's first primary member /dev/sda3 has 57394 cylinders while the /dev/sdb1 has 57393 (1 less cylinder) which is why it won't work. fdisk -l /dev/sda3 Disk /dev/sda3: 47........
  • Samsung Galaxy Note Upgrade to ICS 4.0 microSDHC card not detected/dataloss after upgrading - possible solutions


    I backed up everything in the /mnt/sd_card directory thinking that some dataloss could occur for some reason but purposely left my microSDHC unbacked up thinking that "it won't touch that since it's external" and Samsung's and other manufacturers website even say this (that it won't be affected and not to worry etc). Apparently I was wrong, my microSD was "undetected" and asked to be formatted after the upgrade (there goes 3-months worth of family photos). No........
  • Centos how to upgrade from PHP 5.2 to 5.3 without downtime


    This may sound silly but there will be conflicts/issues with the default Centos repository so you have to use a third party like remi (I prefer not to do this but it's the only option unless you migrate your sites/data to another server or can stand some downtime-not an option IMHOon a production server). You may need to upgrade to PHP5.3 to run Joomla or many other reasons. Your host needs to use PHP 5.2.4 or higher to run this version of Jo........
  • How to view an EFI GPT partition in Linux


    Disk /dev/sda: 320.0 GB, 320072933376 bytes 256 heads, 63 sectors/track, 38761 cylinders Units = cylinders of 16128 * 512 = 8257536 bytes Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sda1 1 38........
  • MySQL Authentication fails after Upgrade to Version 5.5


    ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'contentmanager'@'localhost' (using password: YES) For fun I thought I'd reset the password: GRANT ALL ON thecontent.* TO contentmanager IDENTIFIED by 'dfdfsdfdsfsdfsd'; ERROR 1470 (HY000): String 'contentmanager' is too long for user name (should be no longer than 16) This is ridiculous that this new version has some bizarre 16 character username limit and not only that but i........
  • Debian UUID not working


    Neither the blkid or the UUID internal to mdadm work to automount for some reason in Debian partprobe doesn't work but was a good suggestion from: http://pato.dudits.net/2008/11/03/special-device-uuidxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx-does-not-exist-especially-with-lvm mount: special device /dev/disk/by-uuid/431b9b96-29e8f298-e89bd504-7065bddd does not exist mdadm -D /dev/md_d12 mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored. /dev/md_d12: &nb........
  • VirtualBox How to Resize Hard Drive


    VBoxManage modifyhd XP.vdi --resize 15000 VBoxManage modifyhd XP.vdi --resize 15000 0%...10%...20%...30%...40%...50%...60%...70%...80%...90%...100% That resizes the virtual hard drive image "XP.vdi" to 15000MB instantly. I doubt this is safe to do while the VM is running and I'm not sure if it would attempt it still but turn the VM off first to be safe. I also notice in the VBOX GUI that it still shows the orig........
  • Directadmin Install Segfault Error


    ************************************* * * * All parts have been installed * *........
  • SSH error slow login debug1: An invalid name was supplied Cannot determine realm for numeric host address - Solution


    debug1: An invalid name was supplied Cannot determine realm for numeric host address debug1: Local version string SSH-2.0-OpenSSH_4.3p2 Debian-9etch3 debug1: An invalid name was supplied Cannot determine realm for numeric host address debug1: An invalid name was supplied A parameter was malformed Validation error Solution, disable auth from the ssh client (this is a client side error)........
  • How To Install CPanel


    wget -N http://httpupdate.cpanel.net/latest;sh latest That one command above will do it all (and it takes a long time to install/compile). After that you can access CPanel with your root login information by visiting https://yourdomain-or-ip.com:2087 I personally don't like CPanel (bloated, full of bugs, no shared SSL, difficult to use etc..)but I admit it's easier to install than........
  • LOG: MAIN PANIC failed to expand condition "${if eq {$authenticated_id}{}{0}{${if eq {$sender_address}{$local_part@$domain}{0}{${if match{$received_protocol}{N^e?smtps?a$N}{${perl{checkbx_autowhitelist}{$authenticated_id}}}{${if eq{$received_prot


    I experienced this with CPanel's Exim after an auto-update (a Google of this error produces lots of complaints with few clear solutions). In this case I'll put the solution at the top. Run /scripts/buildeximconf to rebuild the Exim config and it should be fine after that. mail -vs "from test" user@dest.com < .bash_history LOG: MAIN cwd=/root 4 args: send-mail -i -v user@dest.com LOG: MAIN &........
  • Linux Ubuntu Nvidia GT430 Lockups/Errors/Freezes NVRM: os_schedule: Attempted to yield the CPU while in atomic or interrupt context


    I'm running Ubuntu 10.10 with Asus NVIDIA GT430 2.6.35-32-generic-pae #65-Ubuntu SMP Tue Jan 24 14:06:16 UTC 2012 i686 GNU/Linux Nvidia binary driver: 260.19.06 The screen sometimes completely freezes and locks up or everything starts going very slow: [1903398.100007] NVRM: os_schedule: Attempted to yield the CPU while in atomic or interrupt context [1903402.373210] NVRM: Xid (0001:00): 53, CMDre 00000000 00000080 00000000 00000005 00........
  • Xen how to mount disk images off-line and access data


    fdisk -lu VPS.img last_lba(): I don't know how to handle files with mode 81ed You must set cylinders. You can do this from the extra functions menu. Disk VPS.img: 0 MB, 0 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 0 cylinders, total 0 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Device Boot Start End ........
  • Xen non-HVM container won't work/boot anymore


    One of my test Centos 5 containers was on a partition that filled up and it threw all sorts of errors and stopped responding but now I can't boot it again anymore. All the console shows is the Linux Penguin on the top left corner and the xm console says "usbcore: registered new driver hub" and has halted there. Centos 5 Xen container stuck/frozen won't boot on "usbcore: registered new driver hub" Another great way of troubleshooting is booting fro........
  • File /etc/vz/conf/ve-vps.basic.conf-sample not found: No such file or directory - Openvz Error solution


    Stuff like this always happens/breaks after a vzctl update, whether it's new parameters being added or required etc.. File /etc/vz/conf/ve-vps.basic.conf-sample not found: No such file or directory Fix the value of CONFIGFILE in /etc/vz/vz.conf Creation of container private area failed Warning: distribution not specified in CT config, using defaults from /etc/vz/dists/default WARNING: /etc/vz/conf/4400.conf not found: No such file or directory........
  • Ubuntu 10 Nvidia Drivers Not Updated After Kernel Update Solution/How-To Manually Rebuild nvidia kernel modules for Ubuntu


    I dread updating the kernel and rebooting to find the Ubuntu graphics aren't working and you have to manually intervene. This is usually because Ubuntu for whatever reason didn't update the drivers you need (eg. the manually compiled Nvidia Kernel driver that MUST be recompiled for each and every kernel update unfortunately). The most common reason may be that "linux-source" hasn't been installed automatically on my system. I tried to manually reinstall the........
  • mdadm/Debian problem


    This is one in a series of weird things whichIthought was motherboard related (I RMA'd the motherboard), the RAM tests fine with memtest86 and I used badblocks on both RAID 1 members with no errors and smartctl is happy with them. Basically the array crashes the kernel a lot and has issues when writing. [112322.723465] md0: rw=0, want=14958668696, limit=1887460480 [112322.731077] attempt to access beyond end of device [112322.731087] md........
  • postfix lopback error solution


    This is the mail system at host mail.postmail.com. I'm sorry to have to inform you that your message could not be delivered to one or more recipients. It's attached below. For further assistance, please send mail to If you do so, please include this problem report. You can delete your own text from the attached returned message. &........
  • Drupal/MySQL database error: PDOException: SQLSTATE[42000] [1044] Access denied for user 'db_user'@'localhost' to database 'dbname' in lock_may_be_available() (line 167 of /home/user/public_html/includes/lock.inc).


    PDOException: SQLSTATE[42000] [1044] Access denied for user 'db_user'@'localhost' to database 'dbname' in lock_may_be_available() (line 167 of /home/user/public_html/includes/lock.inc). The username and password were correct but some reason CPanel added the user with no permissions! Edit the user's permissions to include "All" from Cpanel or MySQL and that is the solution.........
  • iPhone Restore/Backup Location of Notes and Contact/Address Book


    *Make sure that the ownership is 501.501 or mobile.mobile when copying back (especially if using ssh or sftp as root on the iPhone) otherwise things will break. Eg. the contacts will be blank even after trying to update due to incorrect ownership/permissions. iPhone Notes Location/Restore: /private/var/mobile/Library/AddressBook AddressBookImages.sqlitedb AddressBook.sqlitedb Once you restore the contacts and restar........
  • Linux Kernel Panic Messages - Symptoms of bad RAM module/stick


    These were caused by a bad stick of Corsair RAM [] free_hot_cold_page+0xfc/0x150 [] __pagevec_free+0x14/0x1a [] release_pages+0x127/0x12f [] __pagevec_release+0x15/0x1d [] __invalid_mapping_pages+0x120/0x156 [........
  • ifup eth0 SIOCSIFFLAGS: Cannot allocate memory Failed to bring up eth0 Centos Network won't work after kernel update and reboot


    ifup eth0 SIOCSIFFLAGS: Cannot allocate memory Failed to bring up eth0 This is on a Centos 5.5 machine with OpenVZ kernel 2.6.18-238.12.1.el5.028stab091.1PAE, I updated 3 systems with the same hardware to the same kernel and for some reason the network didn't come back. This only happened once the first time I booted into the new kernel and hasn't happened again but this is a serious issue for those running systems from remote locations such as a datacente........
  • How To Test If Your Hard Drive Is Good/Signs of dying hard drive


    I like dd, although it only reads it, usually a read test of the entire disk will uncover if your hard drive is bad in some parts. This is a good thing to do at least once a month, a lot of times bizarre program behavior, laginess and crashing/unnmounting problems etc.. are due to a failing disc and SMART won't know it or indicate a problem: We must also remember there's never a guarantee, I've found that ever since we moved to larger and more platters per drive with 1TB drives........
  • smart is not smart, it thinks a dead drive is still good


    I had a dying drive that smart thought until it totally disappeared was a good drive, and actually all parameters did look fine but this system was causing my system to lockup and other bad behavior: === START OF INFORMATION SECTION === Device Model: WDC WD20EARS-00MVWB0 Serial Number: WD-WMAZ20139 Firmware Version: 50.0AB50 User Capacity: 2,000,398,934,016 bytes Device........
  • Openvz YUM Error Solution to "[Errno -1] Metadata file does not match checksum Trying other mirror."


    It's weird because I have a nearly identical box and setup and I can update the ovzkernel-PAE* just fine but on this box it doesn't work. I only get this error with the openvz.repo and not others such as Centos-Base.repo With my other server it works normally: ================ Setting up Update Process Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package ovzkernel-PAE.i686 0:2.6.18-238.12.1.el5.0........
  • Hitachi 2TB HDS5C3020ALA632 drive DOA


    I had one of these shipped and it was not recognized when plugged in, here's what a dead drive looks like (I assume it's teh circuit board which is dead): ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0) ata1: softreset failed (device not ready) ata1: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300) ata1: link online but device misclassified, retrying ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0) ata1: softreset f........
  • How to recover from dead DRBD partition/hard drive in two simple commands


    This assumes that you've at least created the correct partition for your DRBD already. Notice that I am "diskless", that's because either your DRBD partition doesn't exist/has been renamed (eg. sdb becomes sda when sdb dies and you reboot) or because that drive is really actually dead/gone. *If you need to permanently change the partition/device for your resource be sure to edit /etc/drbd.conf on both hosts and reload the config. (replace r0 with........
  • List of Free Public DNS Servers IP Addresses


    One thing to note about DNS servers and providers is that they aren't always trustworthy, not even if they're Google or your favorite ISP. Any DNS server can compromise your privacy, and they are likely tracking your browsing habits and keeping logs of it. Sometimes it's for Marketing/Research purposes such as Google's GMail service which they admit is scraped/datamined. I would expect nothing less from their DNS service. The other danger with such widely used and pu........
  • mysql enable slow query logging/Query Cache Solution - find/track cause of slow mysqld/high IO/CPU usage


    If you have a webserver and find you have high IO/lagginess MySQL is one of the first things to check. It turns out MySQL was my problem and it was creating a high load on my server, especially for IO. How to Enable MySQL Slow Query Logging To Find Slow Performance/Queries vi /etc/my.cnf Add this anywhere under [mysqld] #slow queries log-slow-queries = /var/log/mysql/mysqlslowqueries.log long_query_time = 1........
  • vnstat setup guide/tutorial


    yum -y install vnstat chown nobody.nobody -R /var/lib/vnstat/ #replace venet0 below with your desired interface sudo -u nobody vnstat -u -i venet0 #edit: vi /etc/sysconfig/vnstat #VNSTAT_OPTIONS="-i venet0" # only use the sed below if you are using venet0 instead of eth0 or replace accordingly sed -i 's/eth0/venet0/g' /etc/sysconfig/vnstat [root@monitor]# yum install vn........
  • iPhone 3G/3GS/4 Undelete Photos/Videos Datarecovery


    I found this technique listed in many places which shows you how to use a common Linux tool "dd" to dump the raw partition of your iPhone. I give credit to this site for showing me the correct way to dd from the iPhone, I never thought to try it in the other direction:http://log.ijulien.com/post/182804914/iphone-3gs-data-recovery Requirements 1.) Jailbreak your........
  • encrypt bash scripts to hide source code


    http://www.datsi.fi.upm.es/~frosal/ SHC is a program written by the author above that does just that, it's a great little tool to have. Some have said it isn't exactly encrypting the code but just making it hard to read by obfuscating the code. There was also a good discussion about that here:........
  • MYSQL Error Can't find file: './wf/Sessions.frm' (errno: 13) Solution


    mysql errors even though these files do exist: 110405 13:21:37 InnoDB: Operating system error number 13 in a file operation. InnoDB: The error means mysqld does not have the access rights to InnoDB: the directory. InnoDB: File name ./ibdata1 InnoDB: File operation call: 'open'. InnoDB: Cannot continue operation. 110405 13:26:15 InnoDB: Operating system error number 13 in a file operation. InnoDB: The error means my........
  • Drupal 6.2 Install and how to move install to root/non-subdirectory


    drup 6.2 install $cd drupgoodinst3883/ [ drupgoodinst3883]$ ls CHANGELOG.txt cron.php index.php INSTALL.pgsql.txt INSTALL.txt MAINTAINERS.txt modules robots.txt sites update.php xmlrpc.php COPYRIGHT.txt includes INSTALL.mysql.txt install.php LICENSE.txt misc&........
  • Yahoo Mail (email) DNS Server Out Of Date Problems


    I don't expect this to be solved soon but some of Yahoo's DNS servers are out of whack. I changed the IPs of some nameservers of some domains and now most Yahoo users can't e-mail to those domains! As you can see below by the "No MX or A records for mychangedomain.com", now Yahoo's DNS/mailserver DNS cache is wrong. You would think they would at least have cached the old incorrect records, but instead for some reason their DNS cache has no entry and doesn't seem........
  • Linux High IOWAIT updatedb can't be killed and crash with mdadm


    high IO wait 424 root 39 19 1900 848 552 D 0.0 0.0 0:00.91 updatedb root 424 0.0 0.0 1900 848 ? DN Mar11 0:00 /usr/bin/updatedb -f sysfs?rootfs?bdev?proc?cpuset?binfmt_misc?debugfs?sockfs?usbfs?pipefs?anon_inodefs?futexfs?tmpfs?inotifyfs?eventp........
  • Linux - mptbase/MPT Fusion LSI Logic Error mptbase: ioc0: ERROR - didn't initialize properly! (-1)


    kernel 2.6.27.54 Fusion MPT base driver 3.04.07 Copyright (c) 1999-2008 LSI Corporation Fusion MPT SPI Host driver 3.04.07 mptbase: ioc0: Initiating bringup mptbase: ioc0: WARNING - Unexpected doorbell active! mptbase: ioc0: ERROR - Doorbell ACK timeout (count=4999), IntStatus=80000001! mptbase: ioc0: ERROR - Diagnostic reset FAILED! (102h) mptbase: ioc0: WARNING - NOT READY! mptbase: ioc0: ERROR - didn't initialize proper........
  • Enable SPAMASSASSIN on Postfix in 5 minutes


    Centos 5 Postfix and SPAMASSASSIN Tutorial yum install spamassassin chkconfig spamassassin on vi /etc/mail/spamassassin/local.cf ############## #required_hits 5 #report_safe 0 #rewrite_header Subject [SPAM] #5 is the least restrictive (means only the most obvious SPAM is caught. 0 is obviously the most restrictive/sensitive and would have lots of false positives require........
  • Plesk Get List of E-mail Users & Aliases


    When migrating away from Plesk I couldn't figure out an easy way to get a straight list of all e-mails, but here is where I found the solution: http://nakuls77.wordpress.com/2008/08/30/details-of-email-ftp-database-users-from-psa-database/ mysql> SELECT mail.mail_name, accounts.password, domains.name FROM mail, accounts, domains WHERE domains.id=mail.dom_id AND mail.account_id=accounts.id; mysql> SELECT CONCAT(mail.mail_name,’@’,domains.name) AS Em........
  • Thunderbird copy filters to other accounts


    cp msgFilterRules.dat /other/mail/folder edit msgFilterRules.dat change all instances of your old mailbox: actionValue="mailbox://joes@mail.server.com/name" to: actionValue="imap://joes%40server.com@mail.server.com/INBOX" sed s/'actionValue="mailbox:joes@mail.server.com'/imap://joes%40server.com@mail.server.com/g msgFilterRules.dat-........
  • Thunderbird/MBOX to IMAP/Maildir migration done easy with mb2md


    Convert MBOX Mail files into Maildir using Linux *You need perl an the TimeDate module Get the free Perl script mb2md from the project/author's site: wget http://batleth.sapienti-sat.org/projects/mb2md/mb2md-3.20.pl.gz gunzip mb2md-3.20.pl.gz #remember you need timedate or you'll get this error: ./mb2md-3.20.pl Can't locate........
  • MySQL NEVER delete ib_logfile0 or ibdata1 or you'll lose data


    don't delete /var/lib/mysql/ib_logfile0 or ibdata1 or mysql won't restart I didn't realize they were internal and not part of replication like the relay files! /usr/libexec/mysqld: ready for connections. Version: '4.1.22-log' socket: '/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock' port: 3306 Source distribution 110127 16:31:00 [Note] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Normal shutdown 110127 16:31:00 InnoDB: Starting shutdown...........
  • MySQL Out of Range Solution for DATETIME field


    Affected rows: 0 Warning: #1264 Out of range value adjusted for column 'deleteon' at row 1 SQL query: UPDATE `custtable`.`custinfo` SET `deleteon` = '2011-02-29 00:00:00' WHERE `custinfo`.`custid` =105 LIMIT 1 ; This happened after a migration to a new SQL database due to user error. The old database server MySQL 3.23 or 4 allowed an impossible date to be entered by a user. As we know February 29th DOESNOT exist but the database al........
  • email server messsages rejected without reverse DNS DNS check failure Client host rejected: cannot find your reverse hostname Cannot resolve PTR record


    Basically you should always be 100% sure that whatever IPyour mail server sends out with has reverse DNS/PTR records. Remember that unless you own your IPs then you won't be able to set your own reverse DNS. Even if you were to create a reverse PTR record on your DNS servers it will be ignored. Reverse DNS is queried to pre-assigned DNS servers of your ISP, so therefore you'll need to contact your ISP/Colo/Hosting provider to do a reverse DNS entry. If you don't have........
  • Understanding /etc/aliases from sendmail when using with postfix or other MTA's


    understanding /etc/aliases *remember to apply changes you need to run "newaliases" after editing /etc/aliases one thing I don't get is that it doesn't allow you to specify the whole e-mail address on the left-hand side eg: yourfullemail@domain.com: someotheremail@domain.com postalias: warning: /etc/aliases, line 109: name must be local (if you try the above) It works more like this: your........
  • mysqldump does not include CREATE DATABASE statement


    mysqldump does not include CREATE DATABASE statement you need the --databases option "--databases" is misleading, it implies in the documentation that this is a list of databases to be dumped, it should be clear that uses this command in conjuction with dumping a single database also adds CREATE DATABASE and is the only way to get the database to automatically create itself.........
  • updatedb/mdadm caused a kernel panic?


    Jan 16 04:02:03 centosbox syslogd 1.4.1: restart. Jan 16 04:07:34 centosbox kernel: INFO: task updatedb:20771 blocked for more than 300 seconds. Jan 16 04:07:34 centosbox kernel: "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message. Jan 16 04:07:34 centosbox kernel: updatedb D F78BE050 6476 20771 20766&n........
  • Ubuntu 9.04 Crash


    CPU/Kernel/MB/RAID problem? Jan 5 12:45:05 testbox kernel: [653298.890004] BUG: soft lockup - CPU#0 stuck for 61s! [hal-acl-tool:4168] Jan 5 12:45:05 testbox kernel: [653298.890005] Modules linked in: vmnet vmci vmmon binfmt_misc drbd video output input_polldev ocfs2_stackglue ocfs2_dlmfs ocfs2_dlm ocfs2_nodemanager configfs k8temp hwmon_vid lp snd_hda_intel snd_pcm_oss snd_mixer_oss snd_pcm snd_seq_dummy snd_seq_oss snd_seq_midi snd_rawmidi........
  • Failed to save enabled features : The Suexec command on your system is configured to only run scripts under /var/www, but the Virtualmin base directory is /home. CGI and PHP scripts run as domain owners will not be executed.


    Apache/httpd Failed to save enabled features : The Suexec command on your system is configured to only run scripts under /var/www, but the Virtualmin base directory is /home. CGI and PHP scripts run as domain owners will not be executed. This is because I never edited the Apache Config and Virtualmin config to reflect my new/current updated structure.........
  • Importing Plesk 8.6 Backup to Virtualmin: Validating migration file .. .. validation failed : XML::Simple Perl module is not installed


    Importing Plesk 8.6 Backup to Virtualmin: Validating migration file .. .. validation failed : XML::Simple Perl module is not installed Solution is to install the correct module: perl -MCPAN -e 'install XML::Simple' Migrating a single domain works just fine, but it doesn't work with a full client backup containing multiple domains.........
  • ERROR! MySQL manager or server PID file could not be found! ERROR! Manager of pid-file quit without updating file.


    I found the cause of this issue was from all the diskspace being used but clearing it was not enough. Iguess the tables became inconsistent when space ran out and myisamchk is what fixed the rest. service mysqld restart ERROR! MySQL manager or server PID file could not be found! ....................................................................................... ERROR! Manager of pid-file quit without updating file. se........
  • VMWare bridged adapter not working: The network bridge on device vmnet0 is not running. The virtual machine will not be able to communicate with the host or with other machines on your network. Failed to connect virtual device Ethernet1.


    VMWare bridged adapter not working: Message from system: The network bridge on device vmnet0 is not running. The virtual machine will not be able to communicate with the host or with other machines on your network. Failed to connect virtual device Ethernet1. I'm not sure how to fix this but one of the issues is that my eth0 became eth1 after moving my hard drives to a new motherboard. I have run the vmware-config.pl but this did not resolve the issue.........
  • mysql backup/dump all databases with mysqldump command


    mysqldump --all-databases > allDB.sql The above dumps ALL the mysql databases to "allDB.sql". If you want to compress with gzip you could do this instead: mysqldump --all-databases > gzip > ALLDB.sql.gz........
  • Installing Webmin & Enabling SSL


    Webmin Setup Centos 5: wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/webadmin/webmin/1.530/webmin-1.530-1.noarch.rpm?r=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmin.com%2Fstandard.html&ts=1294339690&use_mirror=surfnet [1] 24229 [2] 24230 [root@host ~]# --2011-01-06 21:48:20-- http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/webadmin/webmin/1.530/webmin-1.530-1.noarch.rpm?r=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmin.com%2Fstandard.html Resolving downloads.sourceforge.net... 216.34.181.........
  • crontab/cronjob running multiple times at the wrong time


    crontab not working It is running as user Apache I've tried 0 0 * * * (which means midnight 00:00) and it does run at midnight but also 13:25 for some reason? 25 0 * * * with this it runs at 00:25 but again also at 13:25 Solution - Restart the Cron Service (especially if you changed your time/timezone) *Update I had a suspicion that changing the timezone a few weeks ago caused this. I restarted lhe cron service and the problem h........
  • mdadm Centos 5 automatic resync


    This made me nervous but it's clearly a cronjob based on the messages log that happens every Sunday at about 4:22. I actually can't find any evidence of it in cron.d cron.daily but it is there somewhere obviously. What I don't get is why doesn't this cronjob do a datacheck like Ubuntu's cronscript does? When you unnecessarily rebuild the array you lose your redundancy during that point which makes your data extremely vulnerable. *Update I did a grep of &q........
  • SSH delay problem UseDNS and disabling GSSAPI does not help


    The normal solution doesn't help or apply here: ssh -v user@192.168.5.41 OpenSSH_4.3p2 Debian-9etch3, OpenSSL 0.9.8c 05 Sep 2006 debug1: Reading configuration data /etc/ssh/ssh_config debug1: Applying options for * debug1: Connecting to 192.168.5.41 [192.168.5.41] port 22. debug1: Connection established. debug1: permanently_set_uid: 0/0 debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/identity type -1 debug1: i........
  • ntpdate[30630]: no servers can be used, exiting


    You're not supposed to call ntpdate like that, it's part of the server and needs a bunch of different arguments. The chances are if your time is out of sync and you installed ntpd, you need to start the ntpd service.........
  • rhythmbox & ecryptfs segfault crash


    It seems nearly anything can make rhythmbox crash, I've always found it buggy. This crash seems to be something related to ecryptfs but it's hard to say. After re-opening rhythmbox so it sits in the Gnome panel/tray, and letting it load/find all of my songs let's it work again. If I show it too soon (I wait 10-15 minutes for everything to scan first) then it will crash over and over. [171938.995645] ecryptfs_read_and_validate_header_region: Error........
  • mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored.


    mdadm: metadata format 00.90 unknown, ignored. This happens with various versions of older mdadm such as mdadm - v2.6.7.1 - 15th October 2008 It is all because an extra 0 in 00.90 in /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf that it doesn't like (it doesn't seem to cause any problem except that message though): Solution - Edit your /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf and change 00.90 to 0.90 in your arrays: ARRAY /dev/md3 level=raid1 num-devices=2 metadata=0.90 UUID=f41a4644:6b2a05f........
  • Ubuntu/Debian DRBD 8.0 Setup Guide


    I've only used it on Centos, soI thought I'd make a quick Debian guide: Install the DRBD Package apt-get install drbd8-utils Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: libswfdec-0.8-0 Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them. The following........
  • yum in Centos 5/Xen halts and exits suddenly


    yum exits in the middle The problem is this VPS seems to be an OpenVZ template from HyperVM. The only way to make it work was to disable i386 packages since this was an x64 kernel. That shouldn't be necessary but it was the only way to make yum stop quitting after the first package or two. I couldn't find any issue by checking the logs either. echo y|yum install vim-minimal telnet expect jwhois net-tools slocate iptables elinks gawk L........
  • WD EARS/Green 2TB Cannot Disable Power Saving/Head Parking with hdparm


    hdparm -B 255 /dev/sdb /dev/sdb: setting Advanced Power Management level to disabled HDIO_DRIVE_CMD failed: Input/output error The one thing you can do though is to set hdparm spindown time lower (it doesn't seem to work that well). -S set standby (spindown) timeout hdparm -S 251 /dev/sda /dev/sda: setti........
  • mdadm RAID 1 adventures


    I separated the 2 drives in the RAID 1 array. 1 is the old one /dev/sda and is out of date, while the separated other one /dev/sdc was in another drive and mounted and used with more data (updated). I wonder how mdadm will handle this: usb-storage: device scan complete md: md127 stopped. md: bind md: md127: raid array is not clean -- starting background reconstruction raid1: raid set md127 active with 1 out of 2 m........
  • WD (Western Digital) Advanced Format Drive Lagged/Slow Speed/Performance/Design Flaw EAD/EARS problem WDC WD20EARS-00S8B1


    Let the numbers speak for themselves, from what I read the Load_Cycle_Count which is very high (more than 500,000/half a million times) is the number of head parks. What a stupid"Green" design and design flaw which will probably mean an early life for the drive. This is almost as silly as Seagate's new reputation for BSY/poor quality disks since the 7200.11 series. To make it worse this is also when Western Digital introduced "Advanced Format" o........
  • Ubuntu 10.04/GRUB2 mdadm won't boot


    Moving to RAID was a pain. What you have to do is the following from an existing install: Install mdadm Create your mdadm RAID 1 array on your spare hard drive. Start it with the missing disk. rsync the entire contents of your current / to the md partition. Here's a good way of doing it: rsync -Pha --exclude=/proc/* --exclude=/sys/* --exclude=/mnt/* /. /mnt/md2........
  • GRUB2 won't show boot menu/options/silent boot


    This is a "pro" feature I guess so you don't have to see the ugly GRUB screen but if you're having boot problems or trying to update/customize your system it can be frustrating.You have to do some Googling to find out that you have to hold shift to see the GRUB2 menu. You have to hold shift before GRUB2 loads and you will see it........
  • How to chroot properly into your OS/distro


    From a LiveCD or if you're doing something like converting your non-RAID install to mdadm here's how you would chroot properly (you have to mount your proc, sys and dev on the running system/LiveCD to your chroot environment if you want things to work right, especially if you need to run update-initramfs due to a driver change etc..) *replace "path" with your mount/chroot path mount -o bind /proc /mnt/path/proc mount -o bind /dev/ mnt/pa........
  • EOL for Kubuntu/Ubuntu 8.04 - W: Failed to fetch http://ca.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/intrepid/universe/source/Sources.gz 404 Not Found [IP: 91.189.92.171 80]


    I couldn't figure out whyI couldn't install a simple package. This is what's annoying about cutting edge Debian distros, yes we know you support each license on average for 1-2 years but why take down the supporting binary packages and basically disable the older versions? sudo apt-get install update Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done E: Couldn't find p........
  • http://apt.sw.be/redhat/el5/en/i386/test/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] HTTP Error 404: Not Found Trying other mirror.


    http://apt.sw.be/redhat/el5/en/i386/test/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] HTTP Error 404: Not Found Trying other mirror. Error: Cannot retrieve repository metadata (repomd.xml) for repository: rpmforge-testing. Please verify its path and try again Notice it is complaining about "rpmforge-testing", just disable it for now: Solution is to edit the repo: vi /etc/yum.repos.d/rpmforge-testing.repo........
  • PHP Email Attachment Corrupt Solution


    I couldn't figure out why this wouldn't work, a test script in the root of my htdocs folder worked fine. Within some subdirectories the same code would produce different base64 results but I didn't know hwy. Archive: /tmp/archive.zip Zip file size: 6888 bytes, number of entries: 92 error [/tmp/archive.zip]: missing 242827681 bytes in zipfile (attempting to process anyway) error [/tmp/archive.zip]: attempt........
  • Wine stopped working/won't work Solution


    After an upgrade wine wouldn't open anything, not even the pre-installed notepad. There are no wine logs and nothing is mentioned in any standard log file about why. I finally decided to run wine from the shell and see what's going on: wine client error:0: version mismatch 398/402. Your wineserver binary was not upgraded correctly, or you have an older one somewhere in your PATH. Or maybe the wrong wineserver is still running?........
  • Nautilus/GNOME/Ubuntu File Manager not applying appearance style/changes


    I thought it was a GNOME problem because no matter what styles I applied Nautilus wouldn't change, but it was only Nautilus that wouldn't change/update anymore so I should have known. The only fix/solutionI knew of other than rebooting is the following: sudo killall nautilus I tried closing all instances of nautilus that were visible and it had no effect. And another thing to remember is that only will appearances/styles/themes not apply to N........
  • DRBD WFConnection Problem/Solution


    This has stumped me a few times because I keep forgetting that Centos 5.5 comes with a default iptables configuration that ends up blocking DRBD traffic,I tried all the normal things and couldn't understand why I couldn't make my normal DRBD config work. So if you have WFConnection problems and have tried the normal "mailing list" fixes, check your firewall status first! Both Nodes Say the Following: version: 8.3.8 (api:88/prot........
  • How not to change an IP address in CPanel during a migration


    /usr/local/cpanel/bin/swapip domain(s) It simply doesn't work, the Apache VHOSTS remain 100% unchanged, why does this script exist? I'm sure it would work from the control panel but I am locked out because my IP was changed and it doesn't match the CPanel license. I wish CPanel would make it easier to update the license IP. I even took it a step farther, I manually edited the vhosts and restarted Apache and it........
  • sed script to automatically update IPs in named/BIND and httpd/Apache


    Always make a backup of the original file before trying this, I find this kind of thing when updating IPs etc.. to use a script. Where the old IP is "192.168.5.8" and the new IP is "10.10.5.8" sed -i s/192.168.5.8/10.10.5.8/g testdomain.org.db The -i with sed means "inline" meaning we edit the file directly, but without the -i we could just use >and output the results to another file or do whatever else we wanted.........
  • mdadm Linux Software RAID QuickStart Guide


    Create New RAID 1 Array: First setup your partitions (make sure they are exactly the same size) In my example I have sda3 and sdb3 which are 500GB in size. mdadm --create /dev/md2 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sda3 /dev/sdb3 mdadm: array /dev/md2 started. Check Status Of The Array *Note I already have other arrays md0 and md1. You can see below that md2 is syn........
  • Ubuntu 10.04 Linux is still not ready for the Desktop world


    I am a huge fan of Linux and the idea of OpenSource but I've said it many times, there are still hurdles in today in 2010 for Linux as a Desktop. Linux is still intended for servers at its very core. This can be changed succesfully though, as Apple has shown us with Mac OS X based on FreeBSD. Half of the issue is lack of driver support and the other half is the Linux Kernel and Window Manages, KDE and GNome still both don't cut it (but they're getting closer). I'll........
  • Local policy does not permit you to log on interactively. - Solution/Fix


    For a standalone system the solution is simple, just use the same version of Windows a copy a good version of: C:windowsSecurityDatabasesecedit.sdb from another computer. Then you should be able to login again without getting the nasty message "Local policy does not permit you to log on interactively." Of course you will probably need a way of accessing the filesystem off-line in order to get to it such as a Linux boot disc. Some........
  • Linux Burn MP3 CD On the Fly using


    I finally decided to look into some utils that did this, and the first one I found is "mp3burn". It is unbelievable simple and perfect. *2017-11 update and mp3burn is still available in standard repos such as Ubuntu 14/16 so this is a current and working project. Just install the package and it gets all required libraries to convert and then burn's on the fly. And you won't believe how simple it is. I just want to a directory that had the MP3's I wanted t........
  • Realtek r8169 1gbit/1000mbit NIC/Ethernet Goes Down/Halts on Large File Transfer/Heavy Network Usage


    This is obviously a bug in the r8169 kernel module and it seems to affect a lot of people. I upgraded to the latest kernel and hope this won't happen anymore, as it is a very serious error. This is especially serious for those who are running servers with this chipset, who can afford for the NIC to randomly go off-line for no apparent reason? [655548.189113] type=1505 audit(1277067560.902:5): operation="profile_load" name="/usr/bin/freshclam&q........
  • MySQL Insert Statement ONLY IF a duplicate entry does not exist


    This is a great way to reduce MySQL code/mistakes/annoyance when doing things, take for example this statement: INSERT IGNORE INTO sometable(CatName) VALUES("someitem"); Notice the "IGNORE", that is what does the magic. Normally if the entry "someitem" existed you'd get an error message back such as "Duplicate entry for whatever". What I have normally done in PHP or whatever language is manually coded or made a........
  • XBOX 360 No Sound over HDMI Solution/Fix


    My XBOX's dashboard/firmware was from sometime in 2008 when I first bought the system. I mainly played using composite cables but at my brother in law's house we used HDMI. The very first time it worked, but then I bought some games that did some update and after that HDMI never worked. The symptoms besides having on sound is that your XBOX will show PC monitor resolutions but won't have any option to say you have a 720P or 1080P display, this means the XBOX firmware is fa........
  • Use rcconf to edit startup/init.d/init scripts on Debian/Ubuntu based distributions


    I've never understood how to enable and disable services for different run levels in Debian based distros, it's just weird, annoying and doesn't make sense. I much prefer chkconfig from RHEL. Just install the package called 'rcconf' and be done with it. rcconf makes things easy for you. apt-get install rcconf Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done........
  • mdadm can you downgrade the superblock?


    Why would you want to downgrade the superblock? Old mdadm verisons like mdadm 2.5.6 only use the 0.90 superblock/metadata and new versions use 1,1.0,1.1 and 1.2 superblocks by default. There are some annoying caveats with this, first of all the new superblocks (later than 0.90) CANNOT be read by GRUB, so you won't even be able to install GRUB. Even worse, old versions of mdadm CANNOT automatically detect arrays even if they were created with a new version of mdadm with th........
  • Why does mdadm have two sets of UUID's?


    Which one does the OS care about? blkid says the UUID is "787f1fa4-b010-4d77-a010-795b42884f56" while md insists its UUID is "4d96dd3b:deb5d555:7adb93cb:ce9182d9" When in doubt, do we assume the OS takes the one from blkid? /dev/md0: UUID="787f1fa4-b010-4d77-a010-795b42884f56" TYPE="ext3" [root@localhost ~]# mdadm -D /dev/md0 /dev/md0: Version : 0.90 &........
  • mdadm force/fix proper md127 name


    I have an md0 arary that my Centos install refers to. I feel this is half the reason why it won't boot anymore. I saw the initrd for Centos was assembling it as md127 even though it was known as md0. The reason for this is because I used mdadm --assemble --scan to detect the array on a LiveCD. I had no idea this name would stick (but now I realize the name is permanently stored in the metadata once you mount md127 or whatever random name assemble gives it). W........
  • MySQL Recover/Reset Lost/Forgotten root Password


    One note is to secure MySQL, I don't know for sure but I believe you could login to MySQL remotely with no password during this operation (I'm not sure, maybe it doesn't accept blank passwords but I firewall MySQL port anyway and recommend you do the same). First edit /etc/my.cf Under the [mysqld] field add the following line somewhere: skip-grant-tables Now restart mysql: service mysql restart or on Debian sty........
  • Debian 5.04 RAID 1 mdadm boot problem GRUB error


    I successfully created a single RAID 1 partition which includes /boot inside it and my root directory through the Debian installer. It said GRUB installed successfully but when I try booting the OS it seems GRUB can't read anything. When trying to boot from GRUB GRUB Loading stage 1.5. GRUB loading, please wait... Error 2 I get "Error 2" when trying to boot Debian. I also notice from a LiveCD that........
  • WARNING: REMOTE HOST IDENTIFICATION HAS CHANGED! "IT IS POSSIBLE THAT SOMEONE IS DOING SOMETHING NASTY! Someone could be eavesdropping on you right now (man-in-the-middle attack)! It is also possible that the RSA host key has just been changed. The f


    @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ @ WARNING: REMOTE HOST IDENTIFICATION HAS CHANGED! @ @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ IT IS POSSIBLE THAT SOMEONE IS DOING SOMETHING NASTY! Someone could be eavesdropping on you right now (man-in-the-middle attack)! It is also possible that the RSA host key has just been changed. The fingerprint for the RSA key sent by th........
  • mdadm Linux Software RAID auto-detect and assemble RAID Array


    mdadm --assemble --scan mdadm: /dev/md/diaghost05102010:2 has been started with 2 drives. mdadm: /dev/md/diaghost05102010:1 has been started with 2 drives. mdadm: /dev/md/diaghost05102010:0 has been started with 2 drives. -bash-3.1# cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [linear] [raid0] [raid1] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [multipath] md125 : active raid1 sda1[0] sdb1[1] 14658185 blocks super 1.2........
  • Is your NIC really down and really dying? r8169: eth0: link up r8169: eth0: link down NetworkManager: (eth0): carrier now OFF (device state 1)


    Apr 30 17:07:07 localhost kernel: [12265558.582378] r8169: eth0: link up Apr 30 17:07:07 localhost NetworkManager: (eth0): carrier now ON (device state 1) Apr 30 17:07:08 localhost kernel: [12265559.237961] r8169: eth0: link down Apr 30 17:07:08 localhost NetworkManager: (eth0): carrier now OFF (device state 1) Apr 30 17:07:11 localhost NetworkManager: (eth0): carrier now ON (device state 1) Apr........
  • get_printer_attrs: resource name '/printers/printers' no good! - cups error


    This is what the /var/log/cups/error.log says after my Samsung CLP-310N decided to stop printing. This is a new printer that replaced my CLP-300 and it has been working for a day so far. What happened is that I lifted the top part (not realizing there were rollers on it) and it stopped printing. The network activity light was flashing ,hitting the stop button didn't do anything. Even powering the printer on and off did not help. I have restarted CUPS and SMB on the........
  • rsync my favorite/best/optimal default switches and options


    Not sure what rsync switches/options to use? rsync -PDrphogtl The short version would be: rsync -Pha I think these are really common sense options to use and probaby should be the default. Explanation of rsync switches P = display the progress D = hybrid of --specials and --devices so all special and device files will be copied as well. r = recursive (otherwise rsync won't copy files deeper than........
  • rsync ERROR: sdb2/backup.r18 failed verification -- update retained.


    ERROR: sdb2/backup.r18 failed verification -- update retained. This happened when Iwas rsyncing a dying hard drive, a lot of people seem to report this as an error with rsync itself but I don't think rsync is the issue at all. I know the source hard drive was bad, it was having all kinds of timeout, seek, hardware ECC recovered and reset errors. The only time something else could be the problem is if the data is being corrupted in transit, perhaps through........
  • Seagate Drive 500GB Drive Dying


    This drive is clearly on the way out, the Kernel knows it but I'm surprised that SMART is not concerned. I didn't blame Seagate for their past issues until now. This hard drive has hardly been used and has not even been powered on for a year according to SMART. Home page is http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/ === START OF INFORMATION SECTION === Model Family: Seagate Barracuda 7200.11 Device........
  • MySQL TEXT field size length limit reminder, don't truncate your data!


    I thought there would be an error message or warning from MySQL in the case that the text you submit is greater than the allowed limit based on the field. So essentially I submitted text that was about 120,000 characters long, whereas the limit of TEXT is just 65,535 characters! I almost lost half of my data/what I typed without knowing it! I just altered the field type in my database from TEXT to LONGTEXT. I can't see how LONGTEXT wouldn't be long enough for MOST........
  • Seagate 7200.11 firmware defect in 500GB, 1000GB (1TB) and 1500GB (1.5TB) Hard Drives


    Seagate Inventory/Firmware Check I heard about this issue a long time ago but never looked into it. I figured I wasn't affected since my 500GB drives were running for so long. I've been using Seagate's since 2002 and to this day all of the drives I have are alive from Seagate. *Update the bad news is that I realize one of my 500GB's is about to die, it's not even a year old, but is also not affected by the recall according to Seagate! Seagate Inventory/Firm........
  • Linux EXT3 16GB-17GB maximum filesize issue solved/how to fix


    I have no idea why but mkfs.ext3 defaults to a patheticlly small blocksize of 1024 bytes/1KB (kilobyte). That means the maximum filesize is ONLY 16GB! With 2KB/2048 bytes you get a 256 GB maximum filesize, and with 4KB/4096 bytes you get 2TB! I finally noticed/paid attention to this after realizing that with rsync and scp that no file larger than 17GB could be transferred. I then realized it must be a file size limit on the partition. Here is what tune2fs tol........
  • email2fax and Asterisk to do eFaxing


    It's basically free bash shell script available from: http://wpkg.org/email2fax/index.php/Main_Page Make sure you have the required tools: libtiff ghostscript mpack/munpack Where you can e-mail your Asterisk box and it will fax it to the phone number in the subject line. The good news ends there, it is fairly undocumented and buggy. Take for example how the documentation mentions you can invoke from the com........
  • XMPP Chat Protocol using Jabber - Guide Tutorial Setup Linux Chat Server


    In Debian based distros: apt-get install jabber Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: fakeroot dkms Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them. The following extra packages will be installed: jabber-common The following NEW packag........
  • Picking an FTPD (vsftpd) Server in Linux Centos/Debian


    I decided on using yum to help me decide even though I normaly use proftpd I decided to see what else I could find. yum search ftp Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * rpmforge: ftp-stud.fht-esslingen.de * base: mirrors.netdna.com * updates: updates.interworx.info * addons: yum.singlehop.com * extras: mirrors.netdna.com rpmforge........
  • OpenVZ backup container to a single file while it's running using "vzdump"


    Proxmox has made this free utility to backup running OpenVZ containers. It's a great program which is actually just a PERL script but gets the job done. This program is not 100% required because all it really does is cp -a from your container's path as far as I know but it is still good to have uniformity to how you backup your containers. For RPM distros such as Centos/RHEL/Fedora etc.. download and install this: wget http://www.proxmox.com/cms_proxm........
  • heartbeat is stopped for some reason


    heartbeat is stopped for some reason Anyway hnode2 was active and the services are running fine but I see heartbeat has been stopped somehow. Here is the last log I see of heartbeat: [quote:23c84415f5] Sep 9 17:15:32 hnode2 heartbeat: [16738]: info: MSG stats: 9/1762471 ms age 0 [pid16738/MST_CONTROL] Sep 9 17:15:32 hnode2 heartbeat: [16738]: info: cl_malloc stats: 716/51784021 152624/74519 [pid16738/MST_CONTROL] Sep 9 17:15:32........
  • PHP cannot access /usr/bin/openssl


    PHP cannot access /usr/bin/opensslI have verified the username that runs the process is able to access /usr/bin/openssl and it does exist but the PHP script is saying it doesn't exist: [code:1:1fd0f3abbe] if (!file_exists($OPENSSL)) { //echo "ERROR: OPENSSL $OPENSSL not foundn"; }[/code:1:1fd0f3abbe] I don't get itI can clearly see the contents of /usr/bin by using the PHP system fu........
  • freebsd-update *Updates binary packages*


    freebsd-update *Updates binary packages*[code:1:5ea2818369]pkg_add -r freebsd-update[/code:1:5ea2818369] Great for security updates/patches........
  • Asterisk FreeBSD compile problems


    Asterisk FreeBSD compile problemsI couldn't get it to compile without using the following options at compile time: [b:b7d672ee28] make install WITHOUT_ZAPTEL=YES WITHOUT_MYSQL=YES WITHOUT_FAX=YES WITHOUT_ODBC=YES WITHOUT_H323=YES[/b:b7d672ee28]Some problems you might have with copying over your Linux config files to FreeBSD is different paths. [b:f044931f41]For example the etc path for Asterisk on BSD will now be:[/b:f044931f41] [qu........
  • CREATE Database/Granting Privileges


    CREATE Database/Granting PrivilegesCREATE your first database Code: [code:1:0668cd8e74]CREATE database myfirstdb; [/code:1:0668cd8e74] CREATE a user for your first database This one creates the user 'sqladmin' and gives them 'usage' on your new database 'myfirstdb' Code: [code:1:0668cd8e74]mysql> GRANT usage on myfirstdb.* to sqladmin@localhost; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)[/code:1:0668........
  • Upgrade Release Kernel Tips


    Upgrade Release Kernel TipsThis is for CentOS 3.1 to 3.8 but the methodology will apply everywhere. I ran into a problem first of all with a non-booting system after running #yum update centos-release It took me to 3.8 and upgraded all the other packages [b:7e931c835d]BUT[/b:7e931c835d] because of some stupid flags enabled in /etc/yum.conf the KERNEL WASN'T UPGRADED SO AFTER BOOTING, WELL IT DIDN'T BOOT OF COURSE :) H........
  • Updated to Version 3.8 and can't login


    Updated to Version 3.8 and can't loginSSHD accepts my password but then hangs at "Last login: Wed Sep 13 21:30:02 2006 from" This occurred during a yum update after upgrading my release, installing the new kernel and rebooting. I got kicked out of sshd after seeing the following during yum update: telnet 100 % done 85/476 tux 100 % done 86/476 ntsysv 100 % done 87/476 rpmdb-redhat 94 % done 88/476........
  • locate: command not found (slocate database needed)


    locate: command not found (slocate database needed)For some versions especially older ones like 3.x they might not have the "slocate" database. Meaning a "locate somefile" command doesn't work. Just install "slocate" [code:1:d6d717421c]yum install slocate[/code:1:d6d717421c] Then run: [code:1:d6d717421c]updatedb[/code:1:d6d717421c] And you're good to go :)........
  • Updating yum repos for DAG /etc/yum.repos.d


    Updating yum repos for DAG /etc/yum.repos.dIn /etc/yum.repos.d [quote:96456b2ab9]Create any file such as "CentOS-Dag.repo" in /etc/yum.repos.d[/quote:96456b2ab9] Add the following to the above file: [code:1:96456b2ab9] [dag] name=Dag RPM Repository For Red Hat Enterprise Linux baseurl=http://dag.atrpms.net/redhat/el$releasever/en/$basearch/dag/ http://dag.freshrpms.net/redhat/e........
  • Crontab Tutorial - Tips & Shortcuts


    Crontab Tutorial - Tips & Shortcuts*/5 * * * * /command The above is an example of a command that runs every 5 minutes. Normally instead if the "*/5" you'd have to type "5,10,15,20,25,30,35,40,45,50,55" etc... You can use it to run a program every 5 days, 5 months 5 years etc...Crontab run one a day at a certain time[code:1:7a3bd32dfa]0 1 * * * /home/backupguy/databackup.sh[/code:1:7a3bd32dfa]........
  • The New Chips on the Block


    The New Chips on the BlockThe New Chips on the Block By Bruce Gain Story location: http://www.wired.com/news/infostructure/0,1377,67795,00.html 02:00 AM Jun. 13, 2005 PT We have embarked upon a new era in x86 PC computing -- so say chip giants AMD and Intel following their launches of dual-core PC processors. So how will dual-core processing change your PC computing experience? Our FAQ should help you decide whether or when you sho........
  • Upgrade FreeBSD


    Upgrade FreeBSD/usr/source/ make build world, make build kernel, make install kernel, make install world I'll test this later on and see if it works!Here is a good guide to update FreeBSD: http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/makeworld.html........
  • MySQL Server 3.23 won't start after switching from 4.1


    MySQL Server 3.23 won't start after switching from 4.1I was using a 4.1 alpha version of mysql-server and some how version 3.23 of the client and 4.1 of the client were also both installed! So I forced uninstalled everything because after trying and trying even though MySQL server was using the short 16byte password authentication I got some other errors. After trying with the ports and having it fail because I had existing database data I force installe........
  • FreeBSD Desktop OSs


    FreeBSD Desktop OSsI would probably choose these over Linux. In many ways these are probably more stable and just as easy to use as any Linux distros but the benefit of stable, updated and secure packages! PC-BSD - http://www.pcbsd.org DesktopBSD - http://www.desktopbsd.net/index.php?id=37 Personally PC-BSD is Beta at this point and is not easy if you are installing it on a non-primary partition. I have not used Deskt........
  • Backup Shell Script


    Backup Shell Script[quote:aaa4b0b165]#!/bin/sh date=`date -I` mysqldump --all-databases | gzip > /var/backup/backup-$date.sql.gz [/quote:aaa4b0b165] Something like that could be useful as a cronjob to locally or remotely backup your databases........
  • CVSUp the Easy Way


    CVSUp the Easy WayIf you're reading this you probably have never used CVSUp or don't know how. CVSUp can be used for two things or just one if you prefer. *Keeping your kernel up to date *Keeping your port list up to date Start by editing the following file in: [b:76928b387d]vi /usr/share/examples/cvsup/cvs-upfile[/b:76928b387d] It can be quite overwhelming with all the crazy options. Basically there are only 3........
  • Windows Media Player


    Windows Media PlayerJust one little question... and I'm not too sure if it falls into the hardware category... my Windows Media Player...or any music program for that matter buzzes at random and cuts out the music. But I don't think it's the music files themselves because I've put in regular CD's and have had the same problems. Any ideas on what the problem could be?Sounds like a soundcard/driver issue. I would recommend updating your soundcard driver i........
  • ECS K7S5A Motherboard System Take Up To 2 Minutes To Boot


    ECS K7S5A Motherboard System Take Up To 2 Minutes To BootHi guys, My motherboard is very strange. Sometimes it will take up to a few minutes to post. I have no idea it suddenly started doing this. I have tried everything and all I can figure is that it is somehow related to the USB ports possibly. Why do I say this? Because if I disconnect my scanner the problem occurs less frequently. I only have a printer hooked up to USB now and by........
  • NEC ND-3500A is great!


    NEC ND-3500A is great!I just picked up an NEC 3500A a few weeks ago and I love it. It is a great all in-one optical drive solution. It can burn DVD/+R-R at up 16x, read at 16x and rewrite at 4x and CD-R at up to 48x! Not bad, but the impotant part is that it delivers consistent high quality burns and the drive is as quiet as I could ask it to be. It's also convenient that it has a lot of hacked firmware for overspeeding of........
  • Basic Port Listing


    Basic Port ListingHopefully someone finds this useful or at least interesting. http://www.sans.org/top20/#u9 Name Port Protocol Description Small services ........
  • Other Security Web Sites


    Other Security Web SitesSeveral websites actively track security issues. This list provides you with the major providers of security information on the Web. Many of these organizations also provide newsletters and mailings to announce changes or security threats: Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security (CERIAS) CERIAS is an industry-sponsored center at Purdue University that is focused on technology and relate........
  • MySQL "Got error 28 from storage engine"


    I've gotten this error enough to bother posting about it, because I've come across so many servers where this happens, so what could "Error 28" possibly mean? Is your database corrupt, or is this a sign of a RAID failure/corruption or even worse, bad blocks on a clients system who has no RAID and never took backups? No, check your free blocks, it simply means you have no space. This was the result of a script that was overzealous and backed up the entire database........
  • Mysqld Solution - Can't init databases /usr/libexec/mysqld: Can't read dir of '/tmp/' (Errcode: 13) /usr/libexec/mysqld: Can't create/write to file '/tmp/ibyP1qUC' (Errcode: 13) 100215 7:02:24 InnoDB: Error: unable to create temporary file; errno


    100215 07:02:24 mysqld started /usr/libexec/mysqld: Can't read dir of '/tmp/' (Errcode: 13) /usr/libexec/mysqld: Can't create/write to file '/tmp/ibyP1qUC' (Errcode: 13) 100215 7:02:24 InnoDB: Error: unable to create temporary file; errno: 13 100215 7:02:24 [ERROR] Can't init databases 100215 7:02:24 [ERROR] Aborting 100215 7:02:24 [Note] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Shutdown complete 100215 07:02:........
  • Adventures in pre-paid SIM Cards and data GPRS/Edge/3G in China with China Mobile in Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Beijing and other cities


    This really is a difficult and confusing process for non-Mandarin speakers, but here's what I've done and learned so far: You can purchase an "M-Zone" China Mobile pre-paid SIMCard from almost anywhere but I tried to purchase mine from Suning (a large electronics dealer) hoping they would be able to help me or answer my questions but my plan didn't work out at all. At Suning once I found someone who spoke some English they gave me the 55 RMB M-Zone China Mobile P........
  • iPhone Enable Tethering Manually Update ipcc Carrier Settings/Update via SSH


    Everyone says there is a "manual" way of doing it and then they tell you to use iTunes, but if you're like me, you're travelling on business in a foreign country and your laptop does not have iTunes and you don't have a way of getting it and/or don't want it. For this example I'm using the provider "du" in Dubai, UAE (United Arab Emirates) but this method works for virtually all providers. The requirements in this case to truly "manually update........
  • How To Enable 3rd/third party packages in RHEL/Redhat/Centos 4/5 Linux via RPMForge


    It's a bit of a pain that many basic third party tools that aren't put of the main Centos/RHEL repositories are not available unless you compile them or install the RPMForge Repo. *Updated 08/29 with new download location changed from apt.sw.be to rpmforge.sw.be Here's a quick, simple/cut&paste way to do it: wget http://rpmforge.sw.be/redhat/el5/en/i386/rpmforge/RPMS/rpmforge-release-0.5.1-1.el5.rf.i386.rpm rpm -i rpmforge........
  • GRUB "Error 2: Bad file or directory type" 0.97 won


    You can see the problem below, GRUB recognizes my hard drive and sees the partitions but cannot access them. This is from the GRUB boot disc I'm using. What happened is that I had some power issues causing this system's power to be interrupted several times and basically an on/off on/off situation. The system won't boot, I just get a flashing cursor and no message or error from GRUB. Obviously the problem is that my MBR seems corrupt or some other issue. My........
  • Unixbench Score with Glusterfs/Openvz & Quad Core Xeon - Updated with GlusterFS 2.0.8 & Optimized Client Config


    The results are still not flattering and are nothing close to native performance. Unless GlusterFS has a "DRBD-like" option to delay writes over the network and to only read from the client side, I don't see how performance can ever improve much more. After doing some client optimizations Iadded more to the score: Start Benchmark Run: Sun Nov 29 00:37:44 PST 2009 00:37:44 up 3 min, 1 user, load average: 0.01........
  • Unixbench Score with Glusterfs/Openvz & Quad Core Xeon - Updated with GlusterFS 2.0.8


    You might remember my original GluserFS/OpenVZ benchmark which produced a horrible 29.8 This is the exact same system, but using the latest 2.0.8 (with some small files patch which speeds up performance) you can see it is about 25% faster. I also haven't tuned my config files at all, but there are some settings that should increase performance on small files which I believe i........
  • yum error not working rpmdb: mmap: No such device TypeError: rpmdb open failed


    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror rpmdb: mmap: No such device error: db4 error(19) from dbenv->open: No such device error: cannot open Packages index using db3 - No such device (19) error: cannot open Packages database in /var/lib/rpm Traceback (most recent call last): File "/usr/bin/yum", line 29, in ? yummain.user_main(sys.argv[1:], exit_code=True) File "/usr/share/yum-cli/yummain.py&qu........
  • Tyan S2735-8M Maximum Hard Drive Limit/Not Working/Doesn't work with 1TB 1000GB hard drives


    Inever saved any of the logs, but basically no matter what OS (Linux)I used, I could not get my 1000GB hard drive to work (Seagate SATA). The BIOS recognizes the drive and fdisk -l shows the hard drive as it should. The tricky thing is that different OS's will give you different results, but don't be fooled. You can't use these larger drives for long. Iwas getting all kinds of seek/IOerrors and also messages that the port could not be read.........
  • Tyan S2735-8M motherboard/Rackable Systems 1u Server 100mbit NIC not working even when enabled in the BIOS


    Itried everything Icould think of, and of course even with the NIC enabled in the BIOS nothing was working. The light would flash when you plugin the cable for a second, but that's all. Due to another issue I'm about to post about (server is not compatible with 1TB/1000Gig Hard Drives), I updated the BIOS. I didn't even know the 100mbit NICs were not working untilI decided I should test each NIC one by one. Inoticed that only 1 server out of........
  • Timezone Change/Updated for Linux/Unix Debian/Fedora/Ubuntu/Centos Change Update Time zone


    This way should work on all Linux machines, at least RHEL/Debian (Ubuntu) based distros but most likely all and also should work on many Unix style machines I believe. Many OS's have tools to update the timezone, but most of them (even if command line) require several bloated packages and even Xorg/KDE based packages etc.. Your time zone info file is actually in /etc/localtime if you open this file in vi/vim/pico you'll see it's gibberish (binary code or another encodin........
  • sudo: Error dropping capabilities, aborting in Linux Centos 5.3


    For some reason Ikeep getting this error when trying to run a sudo command eg: sudo -u someuser somecommand sudo: Error dropping capabilities, aborting My version of sudo is:sudo-1.6.9p17-3.el5_3.1 and I've heard that version 1.7 fixes everything. The only thing is yum does not think sudo has any update. Iguess the new version has not been committed to the RPM repository yet. This is really a huge and ann........
  • Have an OpenVZ VPS/Linux Virtual Private Server and nothing works right?


    A VPS Server I had just wasn't working right, code that I migrated there just wasn't working. For example, it kept telling me the connection to the database was unsuccessful, halfway through iterating through results it already had. Then I realized it wasn't my code. Ichecked my /proc/user_beancounters and found this: cat /proc/user_beancounters Version: 2.5 uid resource held maxheld barrier limit failcnt........
  • MySQL Restoring And Dumping/Backing UP MySQL Data/Tables/Databases


    Backing MySQL Databases Backing Up/Dumping All Mysql Databases To A Single File mysqldump --all-databases -u admin -p > allmysqldatabases.sql The "-all-databases" clause is pretty obvious isn't it? It means that it will backup all databases. The "-u admin" means login using the user "admin", if you h........
  • Unlocked iPhone 3GS and firwmare 3.0 battery short low life horrible


    This is pretty bad, ever since my phone has been unlocked the battery life is horrible. Many others have reported this issue on provider unlocked phones and even jail broken phones. We're talking issues as bad as losing 1% every 3 minutes which is what I seem to have observed as well. For now I'm going to relock the phone, and hopefully a firmware update will address this issue. This is very annoying and it seems apparent this is also happening on 3G phones and that........
  • iPhone/iTunes sync error "0xE8008001"


    This happened during a sync of my iPhone while installing some apps. This usually happens to non-jailbroken iPhones who are trying to install non-Apple approved software OR jailbroken phones who haven't done the "Sync update". How to fix this error and get the Sync Update Open Cydia - Manage - Sources - Edit Add this source: http://cydia.hackulo.us Then under the section "Hackulo.us" install "Ap........
  • Weird characters in Linux putty shell


    Iused to get all kinds of weird annoying characters like "‚" during compilation with gcc especially. example: dmg2img.c:456: error: ‚BZ_OK‚ undeclared (first use in this function) dmg2img.c:471: warning: implicit declaration of function ‚BZ2_bzCompressEnd‚ dmg2img.c:482: warning: implicit declaration of function ‚BZ2_bzDecompress‚ dmg2img.c:484: error: ‚BZ_PARAM_ERROR‚ undecl........
  • Using a Mac OSX DMG Image in Windows and Converting to Standard ISO Format use dmg2iso


    The dmg format is silly and annoying to work with, why couldn't Apple stick with the .iso standard? Anyway, there's an excellent Linux and Windows based tool to convert it back to a normal .iso Image called dmg2iso I'll only cover theLinux version although the Windows pre-built binary works the same way. Download dmg2iso here for free (from the author's website) It's just silly and doesn't make sense that Ubuntu doe........
  • Nokia N97 review, feedback and complaints


    I've had an old Blackberry for a few years and I was ready to spend some serious cash on a nice Nokia. I love the idea of the Linux based Symbian S60 OS, so I was looking at phones like the E63, E71 (both are basically the same, at least CPU/screensize although E71 is thinner, has a 3MP camera, has GPS, and has dedicated buttons to adjust the volume). Then Iheard about the N97 and what a revolution it was supposed to be and it was even compared to iPhone. To........
  • OCFS2 crash


    When trying to even cd or ls the mounted OCFS2 partition it crashes. Ithink this is a combination of VMWare Server's problem and the way I mounted and symlinked to it. More than anything this shows the problem and lack of forsight with VMWare, but also that OCFS2 is easily crashed if you do strange things. Output of /var/log/messages for OCFS2 Apr 10 15:57:45 localhost kernel: [84331.691258] Modules linked in: vmnet vmci vmmon ocfs2_stac........
  • Samba SMB Error - Server not using user level security and no password supplied. tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_WRONG_PASSWORD


    Server not using user level security and no password supplied. tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_WRONG_PASSWORD That happens when trying to use smbclient to connect to a share. The weird thing is that I can authnenticate just fine from Windows XP. It is partially my mistake, I forgot this share does have a password. I've tried authenticating with the correct user and also with "Guest" because this works in Windows. In Linux I ........
  • Writing/Burning a data CD-R/DVD-R or DVD+RW in Unix/Linux


    There's a lot of outdated information and confusion for system administrator's out there. One annoying task for many an Administrator has been backing up data in Linux. You don't need any GUI tools such as K3B or GnomeBaker. Both are excellent tools but for veteran command line users working remotely, using the keyboard is a great and possibly automated way to save yourself pain and hassle. At a later date we'll cover how scripting can automatically backup certain........
  • Latest Articles

  • python 3 pip cannot install mysql module
  • QEMU-KVM won't boot Windows 2016 or 2019 server on an Intel Core i3
  • Virtualbox vbox not starting "No suitable module for running kernel found"
  • Bind / named not responding to queries solution
  • Linux Mint How To Set Desktop Background Image From Bash Prompt CLI
  • ImageMagick Convert PDF Not Authorized
  • ImageMagick Converted PDF to JPEG some files have a black background solution
  • Linux Mint Mate Customize the Lock screen messages and hide username and real name
  • Ubuntu/Gnome/Mint/Centos How To Take a partial screenshot
  • ssh how to verify your host key / avoid MIM attacks
  • Cisco IP Phone CP-8845 8800/8900 Series How To Reset To Factory Settings Instructions
  • ls how to list ONLY directories
  • How to encrypt your SSH private key file id_rsa
  • Linux Mint 18 Disable User Name List from showing on Login Screen
  • Firefox Cannot Hit Enter Key In Address Bar and Location History Not Working
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager / CUCM IP 8.6,10,12 Install Error Solution
  • Ubuntu Debian Mint Linux SSHD OpenSSH Server Not Starting After Reboot Solution
  • nmap how to scan for all ports and not just the 1000 most common ports
  • Windows 7,8,10 and Server 2008, 2012, 2016, 2019 Read Only Attribute Won't Go Away
  • bind / named how to make a wildcard record and retain defined A records