• Bind / named not responding to queries solution


    By default bind will not respond to outside queries for security reasons. In most distributions you will find the default in /etc/named.conf looks like this at the top under options: listen-on port 53 { 127.0.0.1; }; listen-on-v6 port 53 { ::1; }; directory "/var/named";........
  • ImageMagick Convert PDF Not Authorized


    You'll have to edit the policy.xml file to fix this: convert -density 300 output.pdf agreement.jpg convert.im6: not authorized `output.pdf' @ error/constitute.c/ReadImage/454. convert.im6: no images defined `agreement.jpg' @ error/convert.c/ConvertImageCommand/3044. sudo vi /etc/ImageMagick*/policy.xml #change # ........
  • ssh how to verify your host key / avoid MIM attacks


    SSH helps keep us secure in many ways, one of those is the host-key fingerprint which is unique. If you have been connecting to an SSH server that you've made no changes to and suddenly ssh warns that the key doesn't match then you have a problem. But how about connecting to an existing server for the first time on a new machine or client? A lot of new clients calculate it using an SHA256 hash but it is not as easy on your host machine to produce the sam........
  • Cisco IP Phone CP-8845 8800/8900 Series How To Reset To Factory Settings Instructions


    This would be crucial especially if the phone is hardened, not being able to reset or change settings could prevent a phone registering in a new environment or even when migrating from office to office. Here is Cisco's guide (timing is everything and it is more tricky than trying to jail break your iPhone): Step 1 -- While powering up the phone, press and hold #. Step 2 -- When the light on the mute button and h........
  • Firefox Cannot Hit Enter Key In Address Bar and Location History Not Working


    Opening Firefox from the CLI reveals the following as the cause of the error: Query failed: Error: Error(s) encountered during statement execution: no such table: moz_favicons The symptoms of this issue are that in the address bar you cannot hit enter to browse to a site/url/address and your history cannot be accessed, nor does your history show up in the address bar when typing previously used addresses. This usually happens because you've........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager / CUCM IP 8.6,10,12 Install Error Solution


    Install Errors on Version 12: This error happened on QEMU emulator version 2.11.1 pve-qemu-kvm_2.11.1-5 on Proxmox/Debian but installing on QEMU.12 on Centos 6 did not produce the error. *Update it is not related to the OS or QEMU version. This happened in Centos 6 too after a second install. What really causes this even though you successfully install........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager 12 Install Errors on Proxmox/KVM


    The strange thing is that usually the first install or two will work on any new machine but then it suddenly won't. I had this experience on QEMU 2.13 on a different machine. There is something finicky or buggy about the CUCM installer even when choosing the same virtual hardware specs. qemu-kvm command: /usr/libexec/qemu-kvm -version QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.1 (qemu-kvm-0.12.1.2-2.506.el6_10.1), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard ........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager 12 CUCM 12 - How To Enable Video Calling


    There are multiple layers but most are enabled by default such as the setting in the Phone Device Settings. However the one not enabled by default is the one in "Enterprise Phone Configuration". Enable "Cisco Camera" and then reboot your phones to enable it.........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager / CUCM IP Telephony Definitions


    DN = Directory Number: It is basically the extension of the phone In the example below, 55 is a DN assigned to the phone.........
  • tftp Linux xinetd verbose logging


    It is much more useful to have meaningful and detailed logging from tftp to see what is or isn't happening especially for VOIPand other embedded device appications: Edit the file: vi /etc/xinetd.d/tftp Change the server line like this: server_args = -s /var/lib/tftpboot........
  • SSH Keep Alive To stop Disconnections


    Are you tired of coming back to your computer only to find your SSH connections have been broken? Even worse are the ones that hang where it appears to be connected but it is really not. The one option you have is an SSHclient side modification to send KeepAlive packets, sometimes this can also keep up your WiFi connection and stop it from disconnecting you as well. To make the keep alive changes for your just yourself (not system wide)........
  • chroot in Linux Howto Simple and Easy Guide


    chroot which stands for change root allows you to virtually operate in another operating system even though you haven't booted it. It is commonly used to deploy new distros, applications and to fix a broken Linux/Unix install or prep a new system image without having to physically boot the drive or disk. So in this example let's say we have a drive that has a Linux OS installed on /dev/sdb1 and we have mounted this partition on /mnt/sdb1 The key point is to edit the &quo........
  • qemu-kvm qemu-system Image format was not specified for '/mnt/space/cucm12.img' and probing guessed raw. Automatically detecting the format is dangerous for raw images, write operations on block 0 will be restricted. Specify the 'ra


    WARNING: Image format was not specified for '/mnt/space/cucm12.img' and probing guessed raw. Automatically detecting the format is dangerous for raw images, write operations on block 0 will be restricted. Specify the 'raw' format explicitly to remove the restrictions. #you should manually specify the format q........
  • Linux Over VNC VMWare How To Switch Virtual Terminals Console Without Using Ctrl+Alt+F1


    This is a common issue that I haven't seen many answers for on the internet. When you are using Linux as your host machine and you are connecting to another Linux machine over VNC you CANNOT use Ctrl+Alt+F1 to change virtual consoles as it sends the keys to your actual local machine. In many versions of Linux you can cycle through virtual terminals including over VNC using this: Alt + Left Arrow or Alt + Right Arrow This........
  • Skype For Business 2015 and 2019 Guide, Reference, Howto and Troubleshooting Solutions


    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/powershell/module/skype/?view=skype-ps Troubleshooting Client Connectivity Issues The first step is to enable full logging in the Skype Client itself and then check the log on the client side. In Windows this normally means going to the Skype client "settings" and then "Enable Full Logging". Aft........
  • Linux bash prompt why does it not show username@host and the current directory?


    Perhaps you've just seen this in the bash prompt: -bash-4.1# Instead of the expected user@hostname# It is probably because you are missing .bash_profile or .bashrc in your home directory Check for yourself: ls -al ~/|grep -E ".bash_profile|.bashrc" -rw-r--r--. 1 root root&nbs........
  • Microsoft SQL Server Check What Version is Running


    This may sound silly but often on the same machine multiple versions of SQL may be installed due to other applications. How do we know which one we are running and connected to? Use the query: select @@version ........
  • ssh reverse proxy to enable remote access behind a LAN and firewall


    So say you are behind a typical NAT/LAN setup whether at home, work or while travelling. What if you have a computer or server that you need to connect to from the outside? Yes you could use a VPN but a quick and dirty, temporary and secure way is to use SSH's Reverse Tunneling Proxy feature. Requirements On the remote ssh server host you need the GatewayPorts option enabled in sshd_config (be........
  • Cisco Switches How To Get Of Port Line Status Console Messages


    00:55:07: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to down 00:55:09: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up Switch(config)#no logging console ........
  • Cisco DHCP Snooping Relay Setup Information


    Switch#show ip dhcp snooping Switch DHCP snooping is disabled DHCP snooping is configured on following VLANs: 1 Insertion of option 82 is enabled circuit-id format: vlan-mod-port remote-id format: MAC Option 82 on untrusted port is not allowed Verification of hwaddr field is enabled Interface&nb........
  • Cisco Switch Setup Guide Command List


    Enter configuration console: enable configure terminal This is important because if your console doesn't look like below none of the commands will work! Switch(config)# Save and Apply Settings wr Show Switch Configuration: show run Show Port List/Sta........
  • Cisco 2960 Switch Reset To Factory Defaults


    *The easy way is to just hold the mode button for 10+ seconds. The full/proper way is below: 1.) Either power on the unit and hold the "mode" button or hold the "mode" button until you see the below: 00:04:08: %SYS-7-NV_BLOCK_INIT: Initalized the geometry of nvram 00:04:08: %EXPRESS_SETUP-6-CONFIG_IS_RESET: The configuration is reset and the system will now reboot 00:04:09: %SYS-5-REL........
  • SSH error cannot Forward or Listen "bind: Cannot assign requested address"


    debug1: Local connections to LOCALHOST:18006 forwarded to remote address 192.168.1.93:8006 debug1: Local forwarding listening on 127.0.0.1 port 18006. debug1: channel 0: new [port listener] debug1: Local forwarding listening on ::1 port 18006. bind: Cannot assign requested address What we are seeing is that we can't listen on an IPV6 address of ::1. We need to tell SSH to stop using IPV6 so we'll edit ssh_config to take care of this issue........
  • Using Microsoft's Group Policy Management Editor (GPME) To Change Default Permissions and Internet Explorer Security Settings


    The defaults in Windows 2016 server leave clients crippled so they can't even download basic files or software. But Group Policy Management Editor comes to our rescue! Use cmd or Powershell and run: gpme.msc Choose your domain/computer and then navigate like below and create a new menu entry for IE11 or whatever your version is. Don't be worried if the highest version is IE10 it means that it applies to IE10 AND above.........
  • /etc/iproute2/rt_tables default settings file in Linux Centos 6,7 and most other NIX's


    This should apply to most Linux distributions just incase you get into trouble or wipe out the defaults by accident. /etc/iproute2/rt_tables # # reserved values # 255 local 254 main 253 default 0 unspec # # local # #1 inr.ruhep........
  • bind named error solutions named[2169]: error (no valid DS) resolving / error (broken trust chain) resolving / : error (no valid RRSIG) resolving 'com/DS/IN':


    Below are the common errors you'll get with named AKA bind if your time is incorrect. The simplest solution is to install and run ntpd to correct your system's time (install ntpd if it is not installed) systemctl start ntpd systemctl enable ntpd Dec 20 13:36:16 hostingbox named[2169]: error (no valid DS) resolving 'develop.waxrain.com/A/IN': 14.215.150.17#53........
  • How To Edit Linux Based NM Network Manager Connection Settings Without GUI


    Just find the relevant file in /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections sudo vi /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/Wired connection 1 [802-3-ethernet] duplex=full mac-address=00:00:00:FE:FE:FE [connection] id=Wired connection 1 type=802-3-ethernet timestamp=1532403341 [ipv6] method=ignore [ipv4] method=manual........
  • Linux partprobe/partx cannot access last and 4th partition


    On a test machine Iwas never able to access to a newly created 4th partiton. As we can see there are dev devices for everything but the 4th partition. The normal "partprobe" or "kpartx" or kernel being told to rescan the block device didn't help (only a reboot did). fdisk -l /dev/sda Disk /dev/sda: 750.2 GB, 750156374016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 91201 cylinders Units........
  • Centos 7 PHP MySQL Not Working Solution


    PHP Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/pdo_mysql.so' - /usr/lib64/php/modules/pdo_mysql.so: symbol mysql_options, version libmysqlclient_18 not defined in file libmysqlclient.so.18 with link time reference in Unknown on line 0 #not sure what is wrong with php-mysql but I removed it and installed mysqlnd yum -y remove php-mysql yum -y install php-mysqlnd........
  • How Does Cisco CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) Work?


    Cisco's CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) is a system that combines voice, video, data and mobile products into a single unified management suite. At its core, the CUCMis like a "Super PBX" that controls the flow of all communications through an organization even single or multiple site deployments. Cisco's CUCMmakes communication more effective and simple through centralized management and unification of communications resources.........
  • How To Mathematically Convert and Calculate Binary Value To Decimal Value


    When converting binary the easiest way is to write out a vertical list in a format like below and follow the formula in the table. Example Convert 1101 1111 to decimal. Step 1.) Write out the binary below in vertical form (leave lots of space on the left side). Keep this in mind that the "previous sum" starts at 0 on your first line. Step 2.) Formula: 2 *........
  • systemd management using systemctl and journalctl to check systemd logs


    systemd is like the service manager for your Centos and other modern Linux distributions (including Debian/Mint/Ubuntu) allows you to enable services, stop them, restart them, check their status and even reboot your system. The key commands or arguments you will use with systemctl are the following: Unit Commands: list-units [PATTERN...] List loaded units &nbs........
  • Linux What is umask (user mask) for file and directory creation permissions and how to calculate umask and change the defaults


    umask are the default permissions that are applied when a file or directory are created. To see this in action simply just "touch filename" or "mkdir somedir" and you'll see what default permissions are applied. The first thing Ialways tell people you should know is to NEVER change the defaults unless you are making them more restrictive. But they work well and if you change the defaults you could end up creating a file without permission to read........
  • Linux Permissions and Groups Real Usecase for Group Access


    Ihave a directory structure which the primary user needs full access on but wanted a user to access only a specific directory within the main directory (so they could write in there only and nowhere else). Here's what Idid: [root@compevo8001 dllnow]# ls -alh drwxrwxr-x 2 someuser software 4.0K Oct 19 2017 ExpireYMD-2017-11-20 drwxrwxr-x 2 someuser software 4.0K Nov 19 2017 ExpireYMD-20........
  • gvfs mount in /run/user cannot be accessed or displayed wrong permissions


    The folder contents could not be displayed Backend currently unmounting drwx------ 10 userhere group 260 Aug 23 19:40 .. ?????????? ? ? ? ? ? sftp:host=192.168.8.80,user=adhoc ls: cannot access 'sftp:host=192.168.8.80,user=adoc': Input/output error $ ps aux|grep fuse one 253........
  • How To Enable Nested KVM so guests can virtualize with hardware extensions


    #check if nested KVM is enabled by doing a cat on nested inside sys root@s14:~# cat /sys/module/kvm_intel/parameters/nested root@s14:~# echo "options kvm-intel nested=Y" > /etc/modprobe.d/kvm-intel.conf root@s14:~# echo "options kvm-amd nested=1" > /etc/modprobe.d/kvm-amd.conf root@s14:~# modprobe -r kvm_intel modprobe: FATAL: Module kvm_intel is in use. root@s14:~# modprob........
  • Supermicro IPMI / KVM / BMC Remote Console Screen Resizing Issue - Window Cut Off Solution


    It could just be my specific Java but other KVM/IP works ok on my machine but with Supermicro's IPMI for some reason the console window doesn't resize and even putting it in full screen leaves the window cut off as shown below: As you can see above the screen is cut off you can't see the "Iagree" on the right side. The window resi........
  • Linux bash shell doesn't show username, hostname or current path fix solution


    Usually this is because when you created your user you added a user but didn't create their home directory and/or for some reason your .bashrc and .bash_profile in ~ (home) is broken/missing. In your home just create the following files with the following content to solve it: .bashrc and .bash_profile. To apply it just relogin/start a new bash session # .bash_profile # Get the aliases and funct........
  • Debian Mint Ubuntu compiling xmr-stak


    sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev git build-essential autotools-dev autoconf libcurl3 sudo apt-get install libcurl4-gnutls-dev git clone https://github.com/wolf9466/cpuminer-multi sudo apt-get install cmake libpthread-* libmicrohttpd-dev libssl-dev libhwloc-dev git clone https://github.com/fireice-uk/xmr-stak-cpu.git make install cd bin chmod +x xmr-stak-cpu ./xmr-stak -O xmr........
  • *** These critical programs are missing or too old: gawk


    checking whether autoconf works... ../configure: line 5377: 7325 Segmentation fault $AUTOCONF $ACFLAGS configure.in > /dev/null 2>&1 no configure: error: *** These critical programs are missing or too old: gawk *** Check the INSTALL file for required versions. ........
  • wodim / cdrecord error cannot burn DVD or BDR .iso Errno: 5 (Input/output error), write_g1 scsi sendcmd: no error


    dvd+rw-mediainfo /dev/sr0 INQUIRY: [ASUS ][BW-16D1HT ][3.00] GET [CURRENT] CONFIGURATION: Mounted Media: 11h, DVD-R Sequential Media ID: RITEKF1&n........
  • Linux How To Free Wasted Memory RAM in Buffers


    We all know Linux is known for good memory management but is it really? It seems all on its own with hardly anything running that you can come back in days or weeks and find that almost all of your RAMis used! And many will say "no don't worry it's buffers for optimization" but it doesn't seem to help because what is in buffers is not available to use for new programs running or ones that allocate more RAM as far as Ican tell. The reason Iknow........
  • Linux Mint 18 Screen Goes Dark or Black After Screensaver or even when using the Desktop Solution


    You can search for this bug and it seems like it may be related to ecryptfs and is many years old. The symptoms are that you return to the computer and the screensaver was active or the screen was asleep/black and it doesn't seem to come back. But you check by SSH the computer is running fine and are frustrated you'll lose your running programs and have to reboot. There is a simple solution: Ctrl + Alt + F1 Ctrl +Alt + F8 Ba........
  • VirtualBox Nested Virtual Machine Containers with KVM Not Working no SVM or VMX module in the guest


    I can't get vmx cpu extensions to show up in Virtualbox guests despite enabling nested paging and enable vmx in virtualbox guest but this doesn't help that you check VT-X or the AMD Virtualization SVM it enables it for the guest to use BUT does not pass it through. This means if you check cat /proc/cpuinfo in the guest you will see the CPUdoesn't support virtualization. It looks like VirtualBox still hasn't implemented this! But there is good news I&n........
  • VSphere InternalServerError - Error When Adding Permissions


    InternalServerError (com.vmware.vapi.std.errors.internal_server_error) => { messages = [LocalizableMessage (com.vmware.vapi.std.localizable_message) => { id = vapi.bindings.method.impl.unexpected, defaultMessage = Provider method implementation threw unexpected exception: com.vmware.vapi.std.errors.InternalServerError, args = [com.vmware.vapi.std.errors.InternalServerError] }], data = } I was getting the........
  • Relocating modules and starting up the kernel - VMWare ESXi 6.7 Error and Solution


    I had this error in an unsupported CPUon VMWare 6.7 and apparently this sometimes works especially on older VMWare versions like 6.5 5.5 etc (but in my case it did not). To make sure it proceed when you see "Loading VMWare" Hit "Shift+O" Then add "ignoreHeadless=TRUE" See an example below:........
  • VMWare 6.7 VCSA VSphere ESXi Management SSO Install Guide on Linux using the CLI


    #mount the VCSA DVD mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd #alternatively you could mount the iso directly mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path #for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux cd /mnt/cd/vcsa-cli-installer/lin64 #no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file ./vcsa-deploy Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
  • OpenVPN auth-user-pass-verify ENV script error


    Starting with newer versions of OpenVPN Ibelieve 2.2+ you need to have "script-security 3" set or you can't execute a third party script. Prior to that you could also use the auth-user-pass-verify like this: auth-user-pass-verify ./validate.pl "$username $password $ip" via-env Options error: the --auth-user-pass-verify directive should have at most 2 parameters. To pass a list of arguments as one of the paramete........
  • Cannot create gradle for conversations


    The main issue is it looks like Java is not configured to accept the invalid ssl cert that is coming from the download location. Exception in thread "main" java.lang.RuntimeException: javax.net.ssl.SSLException: java.security.ProviderException: java.security.InvalidKeyException: EC parameters error export ANDROID_HOME=/home/user/Downloads/tools/ Conversations-master$ ./gradlew Downloading https://services.gradle.org/distributions/grad........
  • Database Error One or more of the WHMCS database tables appear to be either missing or corrupted. Please check and repair. - WHMCS Solution


    Database Error One or more of the WHMCS database tables appear to be either missing or corrupted. Please check and repair. This error can be misleading especially if you know you are using a known good backup or restoration of the WHMCS database. The error can also be that the user lacks permissions to read and write to the database. To check to this in MySQL shell: GRANT read,write to dbusername@localhost on dbna........
  • postfix errors fatal: no SASL authentication mechanisms /usr/libexec/postfix/smtpd: bad command startup -- throttling solution


    Jul 3 22:12:17mailserver postfix/smtpd[6195]: fatal: no SASL authentication mechanisms Jul 3 22:12:18mailserver postfix/master[4881]: warning: process /usr/libexec/postfix/smtpd pid 6195 exit status 1 Jul 3 22:12:18mailserver postfix/master[4881]: warning: /usr/libexec/postfix/smtpd: bad command startup -- throttling This only ever happens in my experience when the authentication method is actually Dovecot. Usually the problem........
  • mail command line examples of how to send an email using Linux / Unix and the Bash Shell or Scripting


    A simple way that may work for a lot of people who just need basic output for their scripts or daemons to announce an action is this: echo "body or message" | mail -s "realtechtalk.com" user@domain.com If you want to send a text file as the body just do this instead: mail -s "realtechtalk.com" user@domain.com < /tmp/sometxtfile.txt These are some ve........
  • named [FAILED] - zone 1.168.192.in-addr.arpa/IN: not loaded due to errors. - bind error solution


    Centos when copying old files and restarting it seems load everything fine and then says [FAILED] with no log or other message. service restart named named [FAILED] Check more thoroughly you may have missed the error if you have lots of zones! service named restart|grep error zone 1.168.192.in-addr.arpa/IN: not loaded due to errors. zone 2.168.192.in-addr.arpa/IN: no........
  • Maximum number of connections from user+IP exceeded (mail_max_userip_connections=10) Dovecot Solution


    This happens because Dovecot limits the maximum IMAPconnections per IPto just 10. This may be fine for a single client side IPbut if an entire office or multiple users are behind one IPor a single heavy user is active then you will get bizarre errors in your e-mail clients such as "Password Incorrect" or similar in Thunderbird. It won't be obvious on the client side as to what the problem is and they will probably just think the server is misconfi........
  • Linux Mint Black Screen after boot no graphics solution


    This is not the normal "black screen"issue and I was shocked to eventually find out why. The normal advice of reconfiguring Xorg didn't work. Even booting into "Recovery Mode" did not help. Here is the short end of the stick that fixed it: sudo apt-get install mdm mate-desktop-environment Yes you got it right, mdm and the mate-desktop-environment / gnome were somehow uninstalled. This must be whe........
  • sign_and_send_pubkey: signing failed: agent refused operation - SSH Solution


    sign_and_send_pubkey: signing failed: agent refused operation This happens when you don't manually add your ssh key with ssh-add it is some weird new feature in SSH or Ubuntu/Debian that causes this weird problem. Solution: ssh-add Identity added: /home/user/.ssh/id_rsa (/home/user/.ssh/id_rsa)........
  • named[1525]: error (broken trust chain) resolving 'min-api.cryptocompare.com/A/IN': 173.245.58.78#53 solution


    So you restarted your router/dhcpd server or for some other reason you wonder why DHCP is not working on any of your clients?You go and check that named is in fact running fine. But then you check /var/log/messages and see this error for everything hostname: named[1525]: error (broken trust chain) resolving 'min-api.cryptocompare.com/A/IN': 173.245.58.78#53 I've only ever seen this when the time on the server was off. It........
  • Linux Ubuntu Mint Debian cannot play xvid,x264,mp4 or any videos codec issue - xplayer Could not initialize supporting library.


    In xplayer Iget the following error "Could not initialize supporting library.". It actually looks more like a gstreamer issue. For those wondering what the default video player is called it is "xvid" and not "totem" anymore like previous versions. Basically it looks like some codecs are missing when I uninstalled another program it uninstalled other programs and codecs that it shouldn't have. I've tried installing all the gstre........
  • wget howto output to terminal or script instead of file


    wget -qO You just need the -qO switch and you'll be good to go, the output then goes to your console/screen/script rather than a file.........
  • Linux Mint Ubuntu Debian How To Disable Webcam Automatically Onboot To Prevent Spying and Privacy Violations


    It is well known hackers, the NSA, CIA and other groups have created malware to secretly turn on your webcam and microphone on your phone, tv etc.. But fortunately on our computers and laptops we have some options. Most webcams use the "uvcvideo" kernel module / driver. You can disable this in two ways on boot. I recommend both just as a failsafe. Disable it on rc.local once your system boots automatically Add the followi........
  • Apache htaccess Custom ErrorDocument not working properly for root home page 403 Error Issue and Solution


    So I have a domain "testdomain.com". Inside test domain.com's root is the following .htaccess: Options +FollowSymLinks -Indexes ErrorDocument 403 /launch/index.html Order Deny,Allow Deny From All Allow From 192.168.1.2 When you visit anything other than root things work fine. Eg. if you visit http://testdomain.com/somedirfile.html It will show the right error in /launch/........
  • error: Could not locate RPC credentials. No authentication cookie could be found, and no rpcpassword is set in the configuration file Bitcoin Litecoin Error


    error: Could not locate RPC credentials. No authentication cookie could be found, and no rpcpassword is set in the configuration file This is usually because the .cookie file cannot be read by the user you are running Litecoin or Bitcoin client/daemon as. You can adjust the permissions of the file so that the user or group they are apart of has read permissions. ........
  • OpenVZ Solutions vzquota : (error) Can't open quota file for id 123123, maybe you need to reinitialize quota: No such file or directory


    Error: Unable to apply new quota values: quota not running Container start failed (try to check kernel messages, e.g. "dmesg | tail") Killing container ... Container was stopped Error: Unable to apply new quota values: quota not running Can't umount /vz/private/123123: Invalid argument [root@rtt 123123]# vzquota on 123123 vzquota : (error) Can't open quota file for id 123123, maybe you need to reinit........
  • Linux How To Clone One System Harddrive to another remote system


    The easiest way is to use SSHand DD or a combination of netcat. SSHwill be a little slower due to encryption but is the most secure way (on two older systems the average clone speed is about 40-50MB/s). This is also OS independent as it doesn't matter what the source OS is because you are literallly cloning the drive so you retain the partition table and settings. Clone HDD using SSH and DD........
  • Ubuntu/Debian/Linux won't boot and drops to Busybox shell after cloning HDD with dd


    I don't recall having this issue in the distant past but nowadays at least Debian seems to be very picky about this. I used dd to copy one hard drive to another and tried booting it. Everything seemed fine with grub working but each time it would drop to the busybox shell. There is no particular error so this is misleading. Normally the first things you would check are to make sure your fstab is correct (that the UUID is correct)and that you've updated grub.&........
  • Unable to negotiate with 192.168.1.99 port 22: no matching host key type found. Their offer: ssh-dss Solution


    ssh rtt@192.168.1.199 Unable to negotiate with 192.168.1.99 port 22: no matching host key type found. Their offer: ssh-dss It looks like the DSS option is not considered secure so when connecting from newer Linux systems to an older one you will get the above error. It can be fixed (but you should consider upgrading your SSH daemon): ssh -oHostKeyAlgorithms=+ssh-dss rtt@192.168.1.199........
  • pcimodules and lspci not working alternative solution


    pcimodules no longer works it produces nothing probably because the format of /sys/bus/pci is different. lspci -k doesn't work on older lspci versions. pciutils can be compiled but it won't work if you have an old system and compile on a newer glibc. iteriate through /sys/bus/pci/devices/*/modalias cat /sys/bus/pci/devices/*/modalias pci:v00008086d00001237sv00000000sd00000000bc06sc00i00 pci:v00008086d00007000sv0000000........
  • How to disable Google Fonts in Wordpress


    edit theme css: Click "Appearance -> Editor -> Stylesheet" http://yourblog.com/wp-admin/theme-editor.php?file=style.css&theme=twentysixteen textarea { color: #1a1a1a; /*font-family: Merriweather, Georgia, serif;*/ font-family: "Lucida Sans Unicode", "Lucida Grande", sans-serif........
  • cannot mount kvm ntfs image


    guestmount -a kvmuserscra.img -m /dev/sda1 mount libguestfs: error: mount_options: /dev/sda1 on / (options: ''): mount: unknown filesystem type 'ntfs' guestmount: '/dev/sda1' could not be mounted. guestmount: Did you mean to mount one of these filesystems? guestmount: /dev/sda1 (ntfs) guestmount: /dev/sda2 (ntfs) yum -y install ntfs-3g still........
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    This made me nervous but it's clearly a cronjob based on the messages log that happens every Sunday at about 4:22. I actually can't find any evidence of it in cron.d cron.daily but it is there somewhere obviously. What I don't get is why doesn't this cronjob do a datacheck like Ubuntu's cronscript does? When you unnecessarily rebuild the array you lose your redundancy during that point which makes your data extremely vulnerable. *Update I did a grep of &q........
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    Install the "Editors" and "Net" groups that will give you rsync, ssh, ssh-keygen and cron. The trickiest thing that I keep forgetting about each time is you have to run "cron-config" which adds the cron service to Windows, and without doing that obviously no cron jobs will be run thus making automatic backups impossible. Warning about rsync/cygwin and using the -a archive switch. It's a good thing I caught this because it doesn't work ri........
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    This really made me nervous but notice the mdstat says "check". This is because in Ubuntu there is a scheduled mdadm cronscript that runs everyday on Sunday at 00:57 that checks your entire array. This is a good way because it prevents gradual but unnoticed data corruption which Inever thought of. As long as the check completes properly you have peace of mind knowing that your data integretiy is assured and that your hard drives are functioning properly (I'........
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    One of the purposes of rsync is to backup whole filesystems and archive them but how can you do that properly and restore things to normal if all permissions and ownerships are not preserved from your root filesystem? It's not desirable to have everything running as root, especially not just for an rsync. The Easy rsync preserve permission solution for non-root users sudo is the answer and all you have to do is edit /etc/sudoers At the end o........
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    nautilus-gksu - privilege granting extension for nautilus using gksu nautilus-sendto - integrates Evolution and Pidgin into the Nautilus file manager nautilus-share - Nautilus extension to share folder using Samba nautilus-actions - nautilus extension to configure programs to launch nautilus-bzr - Bazaar (bzr) integration for nautilus nautilus-cd-burner - CD Burning front-end for Nautilus nautilus-clamscan - Antivirus scanning for Nautilus n........
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  • mdadm Linux Software RAID QuickStart Guide


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    I finally decided to look into some utils that did this, and the first one I found is "mp3burn". It is unbelievable simple and perfect. *2017-11 update and mp3burn is still available in standard repos such as Ubuntu 14/16 so this is a current and working project. Just install the package and it gets all required libraries to convert and then burn's on the fly. And you won't believe how simple it is. I just want to a directory that had the MP3's I wanted t........
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  • Install Mac OS X 10.4.6 Tiger on AMD32 VMWare


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  • Use rcconf to edit startup/init.d/init scripts on Debian/Ubuntu based distributions


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  • mdadm: /dev/sda1 is too small: 0K - solution


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  • Linux Centos/RHEL can't find php/apache/httpd/mysql/ftp/exim/sendmail ?


    I wasted a lot of time wondering why I could never find those packages. Check the /etc/yum.conf file and at the bottom look for the "exclude=" line. Below is what I found in mine exclude=apache* httpd* mod_* mysql* MySQL* da_* *ftp* exim* sendmail* php* bind-chroot* Just remove those entries or uncomment that line and you'll get access to the missing applications.........
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    skipping non-regular file "mnt/lib/udev/devices/console" skipping non-regular file "mnt/lib/udev/devices/kmem" skipping non-regular file "mnt/lib/udev/devices/loop0" skipping non-regular file "mnt/lib/udev/devices/null" skipping non-regular file "mnt/lib/udev/devices/ppp" skipping non-regular file "mnt/lib/udev/devices/net/tu Solution for skipping non-regular file You need the -D........
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  • Great way to backup/clone/dd your Linux partitions


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  • Debian 5.04 RAID 1 mdadm boot problem GRUB error


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  • Unixbench Score on Core i5 750 with OpenVZ Kernel vs Xen/Openvz


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    It's very common to have multiple GCC versions for different reasons, as annoying as it is. Some newer/older programs only compile properly or at all on specific versions. You can export the following variable CC: export CC=gcc-4.1 Replace gcc-4.1 with the filename of the gcc you want eg. gcc-99........
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  • Convert HDD/Hard Drive Partition(s) into non-RAID into RAID 1 using existing data without data loss and without reformatting.


    Before we start I take no responsibility for this, you should have a backup and if you make a mistake during this process you could wipe out all of your data. So backup somewhere else before starting this as a precaution, or make sure it's data you could afford to lose. The RAID 1 Setup (Hardware Wise) I've already setup my 2 x 1TB (Seagate) drives with identical partitions, make sure your new hard drive (the empty one) is setup like your curr........
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    It's basically free bash shell script available from: http://wpkg.org/email2fax/index.php/Main_Page Make sure you have the required tools: libtiff ghostscript mpack/munpack Where you can e-mail your Asterisk box and it will fax it to the phone number in the subject line. The good news ends there, it is fairly undocumented and buggy. Take for example how the documentation mentions you can invoke from the com........
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    The folder I was trying to archive is about 72GB, but much like rsync at about 17GB it chokes because of the filesize. What's with so many common and essential Linux tools having such limitations? I guess it is likely that the authors never wrote their code with the idea that files would be so large but it's still very annoying. It's important to stay on top of these limitations on production servers because I didn't realize what happened until I checked the file with "........
  • Picking an FTPD (vsftpd) Server in Linux Centos/Debian


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  • Mount Linux ext2 file system


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