• Linux Mint Mate Customize the Lock screen messages and hide username and real name


    This is a security hole in my opinion and should be plugged by editing the lock screen ui layout: vi /usr/share/mate-screensaver/lock-dialog-default.ui #find these objects and set the visible property to false object class="GtkLabel" id="note-tab-label" object class="GtkLabel" id="auth-username-label> object class="GtkLabel" id="auth-realname-label"........
  • Ubuntu/Gnome/Mint/Centos How To Take a partial screenshot


    By default printscreen or alt print screen will get the whole desktop or the application in focus, respectively. But what if you want to select a portion of the screen? gnome-screenshot: ksnapshot compiz This is a nicely integrated solution sudo apt-get install compizconfig-s........
  • ssh how to verify your host key / avoid MIM attacks


    SSH helps keep us secure in many ways, one of those is the host-key fingerprint which is unique. If you have been connecting to an SSH server that you've made no changes to and suddenly ssh warns that the key doesn't match then you have a problem. But how about connecting to an existing server for the first time on a new machine or client? A lot of new clients calculate it using an SHA256 hash but it is not as easy on your host machine to produce the sam........
  • Linux Mint 18 Disable User Name List from showing on Login Screen


    Click "Administration" ->"Login Window"........
  • Ubuntu Debian Mint Linux SSHD OpenSSH Server Not Starting After Reboot Solution


    If you get error messages like this it is usually because /var/run/sshd does not exist. root@userbox:/# service sshd status ● ssh.service - OpenBSD Secure Shell server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/ssh.service; enabled; vendor preset: enab Active: failed (Result: start-limit-hit) since Wed 2019-04-10 02:24:44 EDT; 1 Process: 511 ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/sshd -t (code=exited, status=255)........
  • bind / named how to make a wildcard record and retain defined A records


    It is almost as intuitive as we would like it is just a *. So literally: *INA 127.0.0.1 Complete working bind zonefile below: $TTL 86400 @ IN SOA ns.rtt.ca. ns2.rtt.ca. ( 1247605715; Serial &n........
  • QEMU-KVM Windows and Server Guest Installs Mouse Tracking Pointer Location Solution


    You may have noticed if you are running QEMU/KVMmanually that in Windows the the position of the physical mouse does not match where the mouse is positioned within Windows. There is an easy command to pass to qemu-kvm or qemu-system (whatever you call your binary): -usbdevice tablet The above flag will fix your mouse pointing problems whether you are running Windows 95, 98, NT, XP 2000, 2003, Vista, 7, 8 10 or Server 2000, 2003, 2008, 2012, 2016 or 2........
  • SSH Keep Alive To stop Disconnections


    Are you tired of coming back to your computer only to find your SSH connections have been broken? Even worse are the ones that hang where it appears to be connected but it is really not. The one option you have is an SSHclient side modification to send KeepAlive packets, sometimes this can also keep up your WiFi connection and stop it from disconnecting you as well. To make the keep alive changes for your just yourself (not system wide)........
  • chroot in Linux Howto Simple and Easy Guide


    chroot which stands for change root allows you to virtually operate in another operating system even though you haven't booted it. It is commonly used to deploy new distros, applications and to fix a broken Linux/Unix install or prep a new system image without having to physically boot the drive or disk. So in this example let's say we have a drive that has a Linux OS installed on /dev/sdb1 and we have mounted this partition on /mnt/sdb1 The key point is to edit the &quo........
  • Linux Over VNC VMWare How To Switch Virtual Terminals Console Without Using Ctrl+Alt+F1


    This is a common issue that I haven't seen many answers for on the internet. When you are using Linux as your host machine and you are connecting to another Linux machine over VNC you CANNOT use Ctrl+Alt+F1 to change virtual consoles as it sends the keys to your actual local machine. In many versions of Linux you can cycle through virtual terminals including over VNC using this: Alt + Left Arrow or Alt + Right Arrow This........
  • Debian / Mint / Ubuntu net-tools packages provides netstat, ifconfig, route, arp and other classic network admin tools


    The net-tools command brings back all of the oldschool tools that we're used to: /bin/netstat /sbin/ifconfig /sbin/ipmaddr /sbin/iptunnel /sbin/mii-tool /sbin/nameif /sbin/plipconfig /sbin/rarp........
  • Linux Mint XWindows Ubuntu MATE or Cinnamon How To Restart The GUI / Graphics / Session if it freezes without losing current windows or programs


    Uh oh, so you're working on some super l33t code or other stuff that is super important and Linux Mint's MATE or Cinnamon window manager freezes. This means maybe you can move your mouse but you can't click anything, you can't Alt + Tab to another program but everything appears to be working other than that. The first thing you would do is Ctrl + Alt + F1 (or whatever virtual terminal you want) and get into the Linux bash prompt (the black screen where things really happen :))........
  • How To Use Letsencrypt SSL/TLS Encryption to Create Certificates without installing on the target machine


    For some reason, perhaps you don't want to run a daemon or let Letsencrypt have access to your production server. There is a way to use it like a normal CSR/CA setup in manual mode. ./letsencrypt-auto certonly --manual -d realtechtalk.com - www.realtechtalk.com   Eventually you will get prompted to create a certain path and file with certain data: Create a file containing just this data: Casdfasfadsfsad........
  • Cisco Router Setup Guide and Tutorial Howto With Commands and Examples


    In most of the Cisco router IOS I find the ports like ge0/0 ge0/1 and ge0/2 or whatever your ports are down. They will not even give you a link light. So one of the first tasks should be getting the port you are working with up. In my case the first goal is often connectivity with the LAN and WAN. LAN = your local area network (eg. in the office/home ) WAN= your ISP/public internet (eg. fiber/cable/dsl/ethernet). In these examples I as........
  • Cisco Switches How To Get Of Port Line Status Console Messages


    00:55:07: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to down 00:55:09: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up Switch(config)#no logging console ........
  • Cisco DHCP Snooping Relay Setup Information


    Switch#show ip dhcp snooping Switch DHCP snooping is disabled DHCP snooping is configured on following VLANs: 1 Insertion of option 82 is enabled circuit-id format: vlan-mod-port remote-id format: MAC Option 82 on untrusted port is not allowed Verification of hwaddr field is enabled Interface&nb........
  • Cisco Switch Setup Guide Command List


    Enter configuration console: enable configure terminal This is important because if your console doesn't look like below none of the commands will work! Switch(config)# Save and Apply Settings wr Show Switch Configuration: show run Show Port List/Sta........
  • Cisco 2960 Switch Reset To Factory Defaults


    *The easy way is to just hold the mode button for 10+ seconds. The full/proper way is below: 1.) Either power on the unit and hold the "mode" button or hold the "mode" button until you see the below: 00:04:08: %SYS-7-NV_BLOCK_INIT: Initalized the geometry of nvram 00:04:08: %EXPRESS_SETUP-6-CONFIG_IS_RESET: The configuration is reset and the system will now reboot 00:04:09: %SYS-5-REL........
  • Ubuntu 18.04 / Linux Mint 19.1 Cannot Type or Login - solution


    It was broken because of this package for xorg I installed: xserver-xorg-core-hwe-18.04 Just remove it even if you have to chroot from a live USB/CD: sudo apt-get remove xserver-xorg-core-hwe-18.04........
  • LUKS Hard Drive Encryption on Linux Mint Ubuntu Debian etc how to mount encrypted hard drive


    The key thing here is to know the actual partition that is encrypted. Often in Linux Mint's installer that ends up being partition 5 or /dev/sda5 sudo cryptsetup luksOpen /dev/sda5 anynamehere You will then be prompted for your irrecoverable passphrase: Enter passphrase for /dev/sda5: If all goes well it won't say anything further. If it says ""No key available with this passphr........
  • Linux Mint 18.2 Create Config File To Start Application Upon Login


    This is not about systemd/systemctl and not about "onboot" so there's no rc.local trick here but it's the GUI/Gnome etc when a user logs in that a command is launched. Put this in your home dir The .config/autostart directory is where Linux Mint/Ubuntu checks for autostart application config files mkdir -p ~/.config/autostart Create a new entry/file that starts an application........
  • sudoers file in /etc warning about comments/includes!


    If you see this in /etc/sudoers it is NOT a comment but an include. #includedir /etc/sudoers.d For example in Linux mint sudoers.d contains the following files: casper mintupdate README casper for example contains the following sudoers line: mint ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL So if you are messing ar........
  • X11 SSH Linux Forwarding Error


    Jan 30 17:16:10 localhost sshd[25385]: error: Failed to allocate internet-domain X11 display socket. The solution for me on the server side was the following in sshd_config: AddressFamily inet *Remember to restart sshd and also reconnect from the client side. Ihad all the normal X11 settings on the server but it just stopped........
  • Linux Disable IPV6 Centos / Debian / Mint Howto


    Set this in /etc/sysctl.conf net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6 = 1 #apply the settings sudo sysctl -p ........
  • DRBD Errors Caused By Physical Corruption


    In a RAID array I had a have periodically lost a drive here and there over the past several months. Iwas always able to readd and resync without losing data. However at some point it looks like some minor corruption happened and this makes DRBD unhappy. Using fsck did not help either. Dec 19 06:01:45 storageboxtest4 kernel: [19005.945890] EXT3-fs error (device drbd0): ext3_get_inode_loc: unable to read inode block - inode=22184379........
  • Adobe Acrobat Reader for Linux to use and view XFA Fillable Forms


    The reason for not being able to read one of these dreaded/ fillable "XFA" forms is because no Linux PDF reader that I'm aware of supports them. Part of this reasoning is for security. It is really silly, they should ban these XFA forms or at least replace the Please Wait with the non-fillable version. Download Adobe Reader 9.5 for Linux from here: This is the solution but only so much, at least for me I was able to view th........
  • Debian Linux Mint Ubuntu iptables save and restore settings automatically onboot and reboot


    First you need the "iptables-persistent" package. This gives you an init script that loads your settings from /etc/iptables/rules.v4 and rules.v6 When you install it, it wll save your default setings in /etc/iptables. sudo apt-get install iptables-persistent........
  • Why SMART is not smart at all and doesn't properly predict disk errors that cause a kernel panic or crash


    Before getting into the output here is my typical experience with SMART, there is what I call a "bad disk" with pending and uncorrectable sectors that cannot be reallocated. It has caused a kernel panic and system crash repeatedly as we can see from the logs. But SMART says it has "PASSED" its self assessment. SMART is still useful to me but it is more about looking at Current_Pending_Sector. Any time I have had anything but 0 for that attribute it........
  • iSCSI on Centos 7 Configuration and Setup Guide for Initiator and Target


    initiator = client target = server These are the first concepts you should understand which is that in iscsi essentially the "initiator" is the client and the "target" is the server. iSCSI is derived from the old fashioned SCSI that us oldtimers grew to love. The "i" stands for Internet and the SCSI stands for "Small Computers Systems Interface" (SCSI). iSCSI Target (Server)Setup targetcli is the pac........
  • How Does Cisco CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) Work?


    Cisco's CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) is a system that combines voice, video, data and mobile products into a single unified management suite. At its core, the CUCMis like a "Super PBX" that controls the flow of all communications through an organization even single or multiple site deployments. Cisco's CUCMmakes communication more effective and simple through centralized management and unification of communications resources.........
  • systemd management using systemctl and journalctl to check systemd logs


    systemd is like the service manager for your Centos and other modern Linux distributions (including Debian/Mint/Ubuntu) allows you to enable services, stop them, restart them, check their status and even reboot your system. The key commands or arguments you will use with systemctl are the following: Unit Commands: list-units [PATTERN...] List loaded units &nbs........
  • Linux Kernel USB Export Errors


    4.374647] usb_common: exports duplicate symbol usb_get_dr_mode (owned by kernel) [ 4.403334] usbcore: exports duplicate symbol __usb_get_extra_descriptor (owned by kernel) [ 4.427736] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: xHCI Host Controller [ 4.427844] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1 [ 4.429040] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: hcc params 0x200077c1 hci version 0x100 quirks 0x01109810 [ 4.429141] xhci_hcd 0000:00:15.0: cache line size of 64 is not sup........
  • How to download gajim 0.16.9 XMPP/Jabber client so you can use OMEMO encryption


    #Linux Mint 18.2 how to install gajim .16.9 so you can use OMEMO encryption: sudo apt-get install python-axolotl python-nbxmpp wget https://gajim.org/downloads/0.16/gajim-0.16.9.tar.gz tar -zxvf gajim-0.16.9.tar.gz cd gajim-0.16.9 ./autogen.sh ;make;sudo make install #if you get this error you need to get a newer python-nbxmpp from here: gajim Gajim needs python-nbxmpp >= 0.6.1 to run. Quiting...........
  • HP DL385 G7 Linux BIOS Update Flash


    wget https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe --2018-08-16 05:11:16-- https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe Resolving downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)... 15.249.152.85 Connecting to downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)|15.249.152.85|:443... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 1525561 (1.5........
  • hwloc-nox set CPU affinity in Linux


    sudo apt-get install hwloc-nox Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following NEW packages will be installed: hwloc-nox 0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 530 not upgraded. Need to get 151 kB of archives. After this operation, 453 kB of additional disk space will be used. Get:1 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubunt........
  • vmkping -I vmk1 10.0.2.69 PING 10.0.2.69 (10.0.2.69): 56 data bytes sendto() failed (Host is down)


    [root@localhost:~] vmkping -I vmk1 10.0.2.69 PING 10.0.2.69 (10.0.2.69): 56 data bytes sendto() failed (Host is down) vsphere distributed switch vmotion not working [root@localhost:~] esxcfg-route -l VMkernel Routes: Network Netmask Gateway Interface&........
  • gvfs mount in /run/user cannot be accessed or displayed wrong permissions


    The folder contents could not be displayed Backend currently unmounting drwx------ 10 userhere group 260 Aug 23 19:40 .. ?????????? ? ? ? ? ? sftp:host=192.168.8.80,user=adhoc ls: cannot access 'sftp:host=192.168.8.80,user=adoc': Input/output error $ ps aux|grep fuse one 253........
  • VMWare vSphere 6.7 Errors Solution 503 Service Unavailable (Failed to connect to endpoint:


    503 Service Unavailable (Failed to connect to endpoint: [N7Vmacore4Http20NamedPipeServiceSpecE:0x00005556ba09c070] _serverNamespace = / action = Allow _pipeName =/var/run/vmware/vpxd-webserver-pipe) 503 Service Unavailable (Failed to connect to endpoint: [N7Vmacore4Http16LocalServiceSpecE:0x00007fd26000b240] _serverNamespace = /ui action = Allow _port = 5090) Errors like the above are usually because there is an issue with your vSphere or more commonly it i........
  • How To Enable Nested KVM so guests can virtualize with hardware extensions


    #check if nested KVM is enabled by doing a cat on nested inside sys root@s14:~# cat /sys/module/kvm_intel/parameters/nested root@s14:~# echo "options kvm-intel nested=Y" > /etc/modprobe.d/kvm-intel.conf root@s14:~# echo "options kvm-amd nested=1" > /etc/modprobe.d/kvm-amd.conf root@s14:~# modprobe -r kvm_intel modprobe: FATAL: Module kvm_intel is in use. root@s14:~# modprob........
  • Supermicro IPMI / KVM / BMC Remote Console Screen Resizing Issue - Window Cut Off Solution


    It could just be my specific Java but other KVM/IP works ok on my machine but with Supermicro's IPMI for some reason the console window doesn't resize and even putting it in full screen leaves the window cut off as shown below: As you can see above the screen is cut off you can't see the "Iagree" on the right side. The window resi........
  • zenity popup messages, windows, dialogs, error messages calendars and more howto on Gnome Linux including Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Centos and more


    zenity is a nice utility as part of the gnome window manager that allows you to script from bash and retrieve the input from the user. It could also be helpful in just notifying a user when they login with a popup window. I'll give an overview of what's available with zenity: Application Options: --calendar Display calendar dialog --entry Display tex........
  • Debian/Ubuntu/Mint Linux How To Set VLAN in /etc/network/interfaces


    You can find many ways to specify the VLANin your network configuration but Ifind this is the simplest and quickest. In this case we are talking about a bridged adapter "vmbr0" but it works even if you just had a normal non-bridged interface. The key here is that in vmbr0 you'll notice there is no IP address. We just specify "manual". Below it is a similar stanza for "vmbr0.58" in this case 58 represents the VLAN (change........
  • PHP Displaying Blank Page on Apache


    Almost always the reason will be that the php.so file is missing but also that php.conf is misconfigured. In the problem machine it is actually PHP7 installed so if you reference PHP5 of course things wil be broken! Take for example here: cat /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf # # PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language which attempts to make it # easy for developers to write dynamica........
  • VMWare ESXi 6.7 SSH/PowerShell CLI Commands


    [root@localhost:~] BootModuleConfig.sh echo host-ind nfcd........
  • VMWare Vsphere VCSA Graphical Install Creates json


    yes it does create its own json ============================================ cat /tmp/vcsaUiInstaller/ovftool-20180809-175238948-20180809-175603497.log |grep -i json 2018-08-09T17:56:04.238-07:00 verbose OVFTool[30966] [Originator@6876 sub=Default] Manifest file entry: SHA1(VMware-vCenter-Server-Appliance-6.7.0.12000-8832884_OVF10-file1.json) = 1deb658c724767697587d5909c4051c01813e6a1 --> ........
  • Debian Mint Ubuntu compiling xmr-stak


    sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev git build-essential autotools-dev autoconf libcurl3 sudo apt-get install libcurl4-gnutls-dev git clone https://github.com/wolf9466/cpuminer-multi sudo apt-get install cmake libpthread-* libmicrohttpd-dev libssl-dev libhwloc-dev git clone https://github.com/fireice-uk/xmr-stak-cpu.git make install cd bin chmod +x xmr-stak-cpu ./xmr-stak -O xmr........
  • wodim / cdrecord error cannot burn DVD or BDR .iso Errno: 5 (Input/output error), write_g1 scsi sendcmd: no error


    dvd+rw-mediainfo /dev/sr0 INQUIRY: [ASUS ][BW-16D1HT ][3.00] GET [CURRENT] CONFIGURATION: Mounted Media: 11h, DVD-R Sequential Media ID: RITEKF1&n........
  • linux mint image convert menu option missing solution


    Ialready have the caja-image-converter option installed but it shows nothing. Weirdly enough if you install nemo and nautilus converter it does show and work inside caja: The solution is to install *-image-converter sudo apt-get install *-image-converter Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done Note, selecting 'n........
  • Linux Mint 18 Screen Goes Dark or Black After Screensaver or even when using the Desktop Solution


    You can search for this bug and it seems like it may be related to ecryptfs and is many years old. The symptoms are that you return to the computer and the screensaver was active or the screen was asleep/black and it doesn't seem to come back. But you check by SSH the computer is running fine and are frustrated you'll lose your running programs and have to reboot. There is a simple solution: Ctrl + Alt + F1 Ctrl +Alt + F8 Ba........
  • Postfix How To Change Sending IP Address To Specific IP Binding or Interface


    Ithought I'd post this becuase there is some bad information out there. Some guides tell you to edit /etc/postfix/master.cf (-o smtp_bind_address=) but this doesn't work. The same guide also says if you don't change it there you end up changing the listening IP/bind interface which is also not true. Here is a simple and effective way to change Postfix's sending/binding/outgoing IP address (very important for reverse DNS and so mail servers don't block you)........
  • How to qemu-kvm enable bridged networking in Debian Ubuntu Linux Mint on KVM containers


    I've read a few guides about this but they didn't work for me. sudo apt-get install bridge-utils #don't think the above is enough it won't work still even though you have by default an /etc/qemu-ifup that handles it if you have the right tools and setup sudo qemu-system-x86_64 -net tap -net nic -enable-kvm -cpu host,vmx=on ~/VirtualBox VMs/vsphere-vcenter/vsphere-vcenter.vdi W: /etc/qemu-ifup: no bridge for guest interface foun........
  • VirtualBox Nested Virtual Machine Containers with KVM Not Working no SVM or VMX module in the guest


    I can't get vmx cpu extensions to show up in Virtualbox guests despite enabling nested paging and enable vmx in virtualbox guest but this doesn't help that you check VT-X or the AMD Virtualization SVM it enables it for the guest to use BUT does not pass it through. This means if you check cat /proc/cpuinfo in the guest you will see the CPUdoesn't support virtualization. It looks like VirtualBox still hasn't implemented this! But there is good news I&n........
  • VSphere InternalServerError - Error When Adding Permissions


    InternalServerError (com.vmware.vapi.std.errors.internal_server_error) => { messages = [LocalizableMessage (com.vmware.vapi.std.localizable_message) => { id = vapi.bindings.method.impl.unexpected, defaultMessage = Provider method implementation threw unexpected exception: com.vmware.vapi.std.errors.InternalServerError, args = [com.vmware.vapi.std.errors.InternalServerError] }], data = } I was getting the........
  • OVF Tool: Error: Task failed on server: This host does not support Intel VT-x. VMWare VCenter install On ESXi ERror


    Intel VT-X is enabled in Virtualbox but it doesn't seem to pass through the needed vmx extension despite the following variables on the host confirming it is enabled: cat /sys/module/kvm_intel/parameters/nested Y cat /sys/module/kvm_intel/parameters/ept Y OVF Tool: Disk progress: 99% OVF Tool: Transfer Completed OVF Tool: Powering on VM: Embedded-vCenter-Server-Appliance- OVF Tool: Task p........
  • Install NFS (Network File System) On Debian Linux Ubuntu Mint Howto


    sudo apt-get install nfs-kernel-server #oops there are no exports so it won't startsudo /etc/init.d/nfs-kernel-server start* Not starting NFS kernel daemon: no exports. #we will use the /tmp/nfstestshare directory for our NFS share mkdir /tmp/nfstestshare #add it to /etc/exports (basically what NFS checks to determine what to make an NFS share) /tmp/nfstestshare 192.168.1.5(rw,sync,........
  • VMWare 6.7 VCSA VSphere ESXi Management SSO Install Guide on Linux using the CLI


    #mount the VCSA DVD mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cd #alternatively you could mount the iso directly mount -o loop vcsa.iso /your/mount/path #for this purpose we are using the CLI installer on Linux cd /mnt/cd/vcsa-cli-installer/lin64 #no it's not going to be that easy you can't just run vcsa-deploy like that you need to use a template or configured .json file ./vcsa-deploy Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deploymen........
  • Cannot create gradle for conversations


    The main issue is it looks like Java is not configured to accept the invalid ssl cert that is coming from the download location. Exception in thread "main" java.lang.RuntimeException: javax.net.ssl.SSLException: java.security.ProviderException: java.security.InvalidKeyException: EC parameters error export ANDROID_HOME=/home/user/Downloads/tools/ Conversations-master$ ./gradlew Downloading https://services.gradle.org/distributions/grad........
  • not allowed to execute '/usr/bin/apt-get install eclipse' as root linux sudo user permisson issue and solution


    This is most likely to happen on a normal GUI system like Ubuntu or Linux Mint. If you or the user is meant to have sudo / root privileges it is as simple as editing the following files: Now assume your username is "iamtheuser" vi /etc/group adm:x:4:syslog,iamtheuser sudo:x:27:anotheruser,iamtheuser Find the above lines and add a comma and "ia........
  • OpenVPN cannot ping remote IP routing loop issue after connecting


    Sometimes if you have a very basic configuration OpenVPN on the client side for some reason sends all traffic to the OpenVPN server IP through the tun0 which is of course impossible and creates a block or routing loop. This is because you need to use your normal ISP/LANgateway to hit the OpenVPN server if it is remote/offsite as is usually the case. So if you are connected to the OpenVPN through say a tun0 device and your routing is set to connect to the OpenVPN&nbs........
  • Linux Mint Black Screen after boot no graphics solution


    This is not the normal "black screen"issue and I was shocked to eventually find out why. The normal advice of reconfiguring Xorg didn't work. Even booting into "Recovery Mode" did not help. Here is the short end of the stick that fixed it: sudo apt-get install mdm mate-desktop-environment Yes you got it right, mdm and the mate-desktop-environment / gnome were somehow uninstalled. This must be whe........
  • Duplicate entry '2147483647' for key 'PRIMARY' MySQL Error Solution


    This usually happens when you are using something like an INT and try to insert a larger valuethan the maximum which is larger than "2147483647" On a practical term I have seen this and been guilty of this error when using scripts like PHPand generating large random numbers: $hash = mt_rand(5,9999999999999); Obviously that many 9's are more digits than the maximum of an INT resulting in that error. Change your code accord........
  • Mozilla Firefox Address Bar History Not Working places.sqlite corruption solution database repair


    Here is the only solution Ifound that works in Firefox: *Note you could basically just copy all of the commands in bold (the rest just shows the output) Install sqlite3 sqlite3 places.sqlite sqlite> .clone places.sqlite-fixed moz_places... done moz_historyvisits... done moz_inputhistory..........
  • Intel NUC J3455 Linux Kernel freeze slowness 4.4.98 errors


    It looks like this has something to do with APIC but I am not sure. I have similar CPUs with a different MB and BIOS that work fine on the same type of kernel. A lot of time the issue is because of the C-step setting in the BIOS. The same thing happened on the 2.6 kernel with Centos 6 but this is a homebrew 4.4 kernel soI am not sure why it is happening when even Centos 7 (3.2) kernel works OK. Solution - It comes down to the BIOS set........
  • Linux Ubuntu Mint Debian cannot play xvid,x264,mp4 or any videos codec issue - xplayer Could not initialize supporting library.


    In xplayer Iget the following error "Could not initialize supporting library.". It actually looks more like a gstreamer issue. For those wondering what the default video player is called it is "xvid" and not "totem" anymore like previous versions. Basically it looks like some codecs are missing when I uninstalled another program it uninstalled other programs and codecs that it shouldn't have. I've tried installing all the gstre........
  • imagemagick convert to chop off top of image


    This is useful if you have a bunch of images/scans where the same area at the top needs to be chopped. Sometimes the -trim option (such as the case of white space on top)is wrong and ends up cropping the image and losing some text. ImageMagick's convert is very useful but tricky to find some things out as I find it to be less than intuitive sometimes. Chopping off the bottom convert -crop -0-400 image.jpg image.pdf........
  • Linux Mint Ubuntu Debian How To Disable Webcam Automatically Onboot To Prevent Spying and Privacy Violations


    It is well known hackers, the NSA, CIA and other groups have created malware to secretly turn on your webcam and microphone on your phone, tv etc.. But fortunately on our computers and laptops we have some options. Most webcams use the "uvcvideo" kernel module / driver. You can disable this in two ways on boot. I recommend both just as a failsafe. Disable it on rc.local once your system boots automatically Add the followi........
  • IcedTea Java Web Viewer Config Utility How To Enter


    In at least Ubuntu and Mint there is nothing intuitive about configuring Java. Execute it to get to it: itweb-settings You'll be able to configure different options and variables. You can also check under Security as some of those settings could prevent applets from starting or prompting to........
  • Debian Linux Mint Ubuntu Disable Automatic apt-get update


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  • How To Install Seamonkey Web Browser on Debian Ubuntu Linux Mint


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  • Installing SSL Certificate with Chain Intermediary CA File


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    Sep 12 18:16:25 vps pluto[7299]: ERROR: asynchronous network error report on eth0 (sport=500) for message to 192.5.6.2 port 20640, complainant 192.5.6.2: Connection refused [errno 111, origin ICMP type 3 code 3 (not authenticated)] Some say changing the "leftprotoport=17/%any" will fix this but I have not found this to be the case. Essentially it means at least one end is blocking the ipsec packets. Sometimes the %any allows an alt........
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    Just a note before you do this you should have a sure, guaranteed way into the system such as local, KVMor preferably publickey making bruteforce SSH absolutely impossible since there is no password to bruteforce and even if someone knew the password they wouldn't be able to login except from the local console (presumably you should make sure no one unauthorized has physical access). 1. Edit /etc/ssh/sshd_config Find the section like this:........
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    First of all check to see which version if any you have available for a downgrade: apt-cache showpkg packagename Downgrade/Install old package: apt-get install package=version Example apt-cache showpkg caja Package: caja Versions: 1.10.3-1+rafaela (/var/lib/apt/lists/packages.linuxmint.com_dists_rafaela_import_binary-amd64_Packages) (/var/........
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    In Debian/Ubuntu this is called "holding". To hold/exclude a package from being installed or upgraded: sudo apt-mark hold packagename To allow the upgrade/installation unhold: sudo apt-mark unhold packagename........
  • Intel NUC Lower Power Green Computing Boxes Review/Comparison of J3160 and J3455 Models


    Intel NUC J3455 vs Vorke V1 J3160 Both are excellent units but the J3160 is nicer if you require even lower power usage (6W vs the Intel 10W). The price is attractive on the Vorke V1 as well. It's been said that the Intel J3455 NUC has a buggy BIOS and some other issues that require attention. The Intel J3455 is still nice because it has 2 RAMslots but it does get hotter due to lack of fan. The Vorke V1 runs cooler, uses less power an........
  • How to backup entire computer Linux Mint Ubuntu with tar


    sudo tar --ignore-failed-read -czvf mycomputer-backup.tar.gz --exclude=/home/otheruser/* --exclude=/proc/* --exclude=/sys/* / Note the --exclude clauses and modify/add according to your needs........
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    [1035724.274610] [drm:intel_pipe_update_end [i915_bpo]] *ERROR* Atomic update failure on pipe A (start=62076478 end=62076479) time 102 us, min 894, max 899, scanline start 893, end 900 W: Possible missing firmware /lib/firmware/i915/kbl_dmc_ver1.bin for module i915_bpo I've been getting those errors on a J3455 NUC box with the latest kernel on Linux Mint 18.2. When updating the initramfs I also got the error about the firmware........
  • Wine uninstalled broken on Linux Mint


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  • ffmpeg trouble concatenating similar but different files


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  • Linux Mint USB Kernel Tainted and Locked Port/Dev File


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  • ffmpeg Linux Mint download, compile and install howto


    #if you have nvidia make sure you install the nvidia-cuda-toolkit so hardware acceleration can be used wget http://ffmpeg.org/releases/ffmpeg-3.3.2.tar.bz2 tar -jxvf ffmpeg-3.3.2.tar.bz2 cd ffmpeg-3.3.2/ ./configure --disable-yasm install prefix /usr/local source path ........
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  • How to change reserved blocks in Linux partition


    user@box:~$ sudo tune2fs -l /dev/md99 [sudo] password for user: tune2fs 1.42.9 (4-Feb-2014) Filesystem volume name: Last mounted on: /mnt/md50 Filesystem UUID: 976a8655-2619-4587-878c-dab07f7b7652 Filesystem magic number: 0xEF53 Filesystem revision #: 1 (dynamic) Fi........
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  • USB 3.0 PCI x1 Card Review VIA VL805 on Linux Review and Experience


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  • Why won't my Linux Mint boot after I manually installed a new kernel?


    Why won't my Linux Mint boot after I manually installed a new kernel? eg. apt-get install linux-image-newerone Do this dpkg -l|grep linux-image|grep extra ii linux-image-extra-3.16.0-38-generic 3.16.0-38.52~14.04.1&nb........
  • cudaminer freezes Linux Mint taints kernel


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  • Linux Mint Intel Screen Tearing Horizontal Line Solution Fix


    sudo mkdir -p /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/ sudo vi /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf Type "i" and enter the following: Section "Device" Identifier "Intel Graphics" Driver "intel" Option &........
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  • Openshot 2.2 is very unstable always crashing in Linux Mint 18.1!


    Jun 1 15:45:42 videoeditor-desktop org.mate.panel.applet.MintMenuAppletFactory[1882]: project_data:INFO Missing folder chosen by user: Jun 1 15:45:42 videoeditor-desktop org.mate.panel.applet.MintMenuAppletFactory[1882]: project_data:INFO Removed missing file: MAH02949.MP4 Jun 1 15:45:57 videoeditor-desktop org.mate.panel.applet.MintMenuAppletFactory[1882]: ui_util:WARNING Icon theme media-playback-start not found. Will use backup........
  • Track 01: 34 of 1726 MB written (fifo 100%) [buf 99%] 3.6x.Errno: 5 (Input/output error), write_g1 scsi sendcmd: cmd timeout after 1.897 (40) s CDB: 2A 00 00 00 44 A9 00 00 1F 00 resid: 6144 cmd finished after 1.897s timeout 40s write track da


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  • Intel NUC J3455 Linux Support Ubuntu/Linux Mint Issues


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  • Linux Mint Install Netboot PXE Guide Howto


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  • Coolermaster CM Storm Enable LED Backlight in Fedora/Ubuntu/Mint Linux Howto - MB24 Keyboard and MS2K Mouse


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  • strange vi errors in Linux Mint/Ubuntu line 58: E488: Trailing characters: t_Sbet line 63: E171: Missing :endif


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  • Text Editors - Top Linux Ubuntu/Debian/Mint Options


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  • use ffmpeg to watermark videos if mencoder/bmovl fail


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  • mencoder bmovl error vf_bmovl: Unknown command: ''. Ignoring.


    Based on this tutorial: http://www.linuxjournal.com/content/overlay-images-video-using-mplayer-and-mencoder mencoder -oac pcm -ovc raw -vf bmovl=0:0:tfifo -o $output $file vf_bmovl: Unknown command: ''. Ignoring. ........
  • Linux Mint/Ubuntu/Debian Nvidia driver becomes slow graphics performance issue


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  • Linux Mint missing ffmpeg solution to install from Ubuntu PPA


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  • text to speech for Linux


    espeak - is horrible and sounds very old and robotic echo "hello there"|espeak #don't know how to use mbrola and plugins cicero jovie just seems to be a graphical interface to espeak There is also sbreader/sapi Google's Text To Speech Works Quite Well #!/bin/bash say() { local IFS=+;/usr/bin/mplayer -ao alsa -really-quiet -noconsolec........
  • Avocent DSR8020 KVM/IP - Network Connect Error - Solution


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  • How to verify SSL SHA-1 Certificate Fingerprnit Signature of your mail/web server to avoid hijacking/man-in-the-middle attacks


    This is especially helpful if you run your own servers. If you are presented with an error message or warning that the signature has changed or does not match the IP/domain you are connecting to you always want to verify manually. So your e-mail/web client will show you an SHA-1 fingerprint like this: "Could not verify this certificate because the issuer is unkown" or other reasons such as a mismatch in IP/domain. It will also show you........
  • Linux Ubuntu Mint how to view RAW image files .arw?


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  • ecryptfs errors


    ecryptfs-mount-private Enter your login passphrase: Inserted auth tok with sig [ee16d84] "into the user session keyring mount: No such file or directory" [ 156.118113] ecryptfs_mount: kern_path() failed [ 156.118431] Reading sb failed; rc = [-2] [ 164.233055] traps: mate-notificati[3472] trap int3 ip:7f43d7002c13 sp:7fff162c6600 error:0 [ 166.017061] ecryptfs_mount: kern_path() failed........
  • What happens when you unplug 1 or more devices from an mdadm RAID array to simulate a failure in Linux Ubuntu/Centos/Debian?


    In short the two drives in the array were /dev/sdd and /dev/sde. The kernel sees they were unplugged and have gone down as you can see below. mdadm caught the first one being unplugged /dev/sde and disabled the missing drive. However when the final drive that was part of the array is unplugged it didn't notice at all. Instead it complains about an IO error later for drives that the kernel knows do not exist anymore. [45817.162728] ata4: exception........
  • Migrating from Linux Mint 17.2 mdadm RAID array to a new one (because I upgraded to larger drives).


    1.) Replicate the number of partitions in your new drives. gdisk /dev/sda gdisk /dev/sdb I created 3 partitions of the same same size. partition #1: +1G (/boot) partition #2: +60G (swap) partition #3: rest of it (/) #note if you are using GPT/gdisk you need to create separate a partition at least 1MB in size (in my case I would a 4th partition and mark it type ef02).........
  • mdadm: CREATE group disk not found Incrementally started RAID arrays. Incrementally starting RAID arrays...


    mdadm won't boot in Ubuntu/Mint/Debian anymore. You just get the following in a loop: mdadm: CREATE group disk not found Incrementally started RAID arrays. Incrementally starting RAID arrays... mdadm: CREATE group disk not found Incrementally started RAID arrays. Incrementally starting RAID arrays... mdadm: CREATE group disk not found Incrementally started RAID arrays. Incrementally starting RAID arrays... mdadm: CREATE group dis........
  • How Do you Open/Extract .WARC Internet Archive Files on Linux Ubuntu/Mint/Centos?


    Get the python "warc extractor" from here. WARC just seems to be such an unnecessary and complicated format. Why not use tar, rar, zip etc...? ./warc-extractor.py -dump content !http:content-type:pdf yourfile.warc........
  • mdadm frozen and doesn't realize array is dead/missing failed due to unplugged drives


    This was a surprising bug but I unplugged all drives for an array md127. At first it was just 1 drive and mdadm seemed to notice this. I unplugged the second drive taking the array offline but mdadm did not realize it was offline and still showed a non-existent disk as being part of it. This created problems trying to unmount it or even to stop this array with mdadm freezing. As for how to fix it I can only think of making sure you are not in a mounted path of........
  • The folder contents could not be displayed connection refused - solution


    This happened while updating Linux Mint/Debian/Ubuntu on a remote SMB/Samba share. Solution After waiting for updates to complete things will work normally but it really is strange that the service actually stops working or is disabled for so long during the update. It is likely the update process stops the serivce and only restarts after the update is complete.........
  • ERROR 2013 (HY000): Lost connection to MySQL server during query


    The solution is simple but strange, if you copy your /var/lib/mysql directory to another server and think it will work, be sure to check if you have /var/log/mysql and binary log files. If you do, the server will not work and will give you errors like below and crash without the proper log files. UPDATE user SET password=password("newpass") WHERE user='root'; flush privileges; ERROR 2013 (HY000): Lost connection to MySQL server durin........
  • fdisk wq causes hung process


    I created a new partition table on a newly plugged in device and it caused fdisk to hang (even force kill does not work). It also may be a bad drive or some other issue because fdisk -l hangs after the first 2 HDDs (totaly of 8 HDDs on this system): [1232879.903596] INFO: task fdisk:27176 blocked for more than 120 seconds. [1232879.903607] Tainted: P&nbs........
  • mcp55 NIC not working at boot on Centos 6.6-6.8


    forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: irq 25 for MSI/MSI-X forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: eth0: MSI enabled forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: eth0: no link during initialization ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): eth0: link is not ready forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: eth0: link up ADDRCONF(NETDEV_CHANGE): eth0: link becomes ready Dec 1 18:21:32 box15 kernel: forcedeth: Reverse Engineered nForce ethernet driver. Version 0.64. Dec 1 18:21:32 box15 kernel........
  • OpenVZ Solution CPT ERR: c02fa000,73 :CPT: lock fd is closed incorrectly: 1 and vps-net_add ERROR: Unable to add route ip route add 192.168.5.2 dev venet0


    The only solution after trying many suggestions was to simply restart the "vz" service (definitely not preferable). Even doing an ifdown and ifup for venet0 did not help. ifup venet0 Bringing up interface venet0: Configuring interface venet0: net.ipv4.conf.venet0.send_redirects = 0 RTNETLINK answers: Network is down Some errors from log: CPT ERR: d2dc60........
  • forcedeth MCP55 Nforce3600 Nvidia Network NIC Card Not working in Linux at 1gigabit speeds


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  • weird mv error mv: inter-device move failed:


    mv -f /home/user/Downloads/android-studio/ /mnt/sda3/ mv: inter-device move failed: ‘/home/user/Downloads/android-studio/’ to ‘/mnt/sda3/android-studio’; unable to remove target: Is a directory........
  • Linux Mint 17 How to Enable File Sharing Option in File Manager


    I still cannot understand how this would not be enabled by default and I struggled to find the reason why with manually installing samba etc.. wondering why the option for sharing was not in the menu. On Linux Mint "MATE" the package is called "caja-share" and on Cinnamon it is called "nemo-share" so edit the below command as necessary: *Also note that the "samba" package is necessary as it is not inst........
  • blocked for more than 120 seconds issues with iowait and timeout on Live Linux distribution while writing to physical disk


    This happened while an mdadm array was syncing, all access from writing a new blank file to opening a small .txt file was very slow: [222117.312078] kjournald starting. Commit interval 5 seconds [222117.685060] EXT3-fs (md0): using internal journal [222117.685096] EXT3-fs (md0): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode [222122.376847] kjournald starting. Commit interval 5 seconds [222122.602825] EXT3-fs (md2): using internal jour........
  • The connection was reset The connection to the server was reset while the page was loading.


    In Firefox I cannot connect to any website, proxy is disabled and outside network access is confirmed, no system or manual proxy was set on this Linux Mint/Ubuntu system. Normally this can be caused by proxy or DNS problems and the weird thing is that traceroute and ping to other IPs worked fine but even connecting to sites by IP was not working. The connection was reset The connection to the server was reset while the page was loading.........
  • Script runs fine from shell but not from cron job in Linux/Unix Debian/Ubuntu/Mint/Centos


    Usually the cause is inexplicable because some things just don't work correctly even when calling all commands by their full path. Usually adding the following to your crontab file at the top will fix/solve the issue: SHELL=/bin/sh PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin ........
  • Cannot Read License File cPanel Solution


    This can happen because port 80 is not open, or your license has expired and/or your IP is out of date and also if the license server itself from cPanel is having issues. In most cases as long as you have a valid license the following command will solve it: /usr/local/cpanel/cpkeyclt Updating cPanel license...Done. Update succeeded. Building global cache for cpanel...Done Cannot........
  • Mint/Ubuntu/Debian error twisted/test/raiser.c:4:20: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory #include Python.h


    Simple solution install python-dev sudo apt-get install python-dev libyaml-dev libpam-dev........
  • esniper error on Linux Mint 17.2 Debian/Ubuntu: Cannot connect to URL : SSL connect error: gnutls_handshake() failed: Illegal parameter Retrying... esniper encountered a bug. It looks like your esniper version is not current. You have version 2.28


    Auction 262382440107: Cannot connect to URL : SSL connect error: gnutls_handshake() failed: Illegal parameter Retrying... esniper encountered a bug. It looks like your esniper version is not current. You have version 2.28.0, the newest version is 2.31.0. Please go to http://esniper.sf.net/ and update your copy of esniper.........
  • Nvidia Linux Card not working due to LSI 9200/SAS2008 IRQ conflict


    At first my BIOS said the card may not work right because there is no more option ROM space. I disabled the Option ROM for both LSI 1068 and 2008 chipsets, Network Boot ROM and most other PCI slots, Serial Port, etc... and the message went away but the card still does not work properly. But it still cannot initialize the card properly(does not work): [ 33.943272] NVRM: This PCI I/O region assigned to your NVIDIA device is invalid:........
  • Check Linux Ubuntu/Debian/Mint Version from Command Line


    To check the version of Ubuntu just use the lsb_release command as shown below and you will be able to see the exact Ubuntu version you have installed. lsb_release -a No LSB modules are available. Distributor ID: Ubuntu Description: Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Release: 14.04 Codename: trusty........
  • Linksys E2500 DD-WRT Upgrade Instructions and Enabling 5ghz with Tomato Firmware


    1.) Flash directly to this file: http://tomato.groov.pl/download/K26RT-N/build5x-132-EN/Linksys%20E-series/tomato-E2500-NVRAM60K-1.28.RT-N5x-MIPSR2-132-Max.zip *I was never able to get the larger "Mega" file to work, at least not initially so I recommend the file above. To enable 5ghz I had to do the "Clear NVRAM" Option before it was shown. 2.) Or if you don't need 5ghz (most devices do not support it and cannot........
  • Linux Mint/Ubuntu/Debian Window Controls Missing Solution


    If Linux Mint 17 or other has no window buttons/controls you can do the following from terminal: marco --replace& Sometimes it can be fixed if you go to your themes/appearance and choose a new one but in the case like mine where Compiz is installed but not running/working then that fix will not work and will require the marco command above. What if you can't type in a terminal Window? If you close........
  • Linux Mint/Ubuntu/Debian Dual NICs networks problem when enabling and disabling one device


    The Scenario You have dual NICs and you disable NIC1 which uses 192.168.1.1 as its gateway. With NIC2 you enable it/connect it to another network which also has the gateway 192.168.1.1 Everything will work fine at this point. When switching back to NIC1 even with NIC2 disabled and even unplugged, the OS basically can't pick up the new/updated ARP entry of the old device for 192.168.1.1 and perhaps thinks it is a security risk or spoof of some sorts and blocks i........
  • Linux Mint Network Manager Connection Disconnect Option Grayed Out


    This is a real pain because I had to manually unplug ethernet cables for network testing or to use an alternate network or guarantee physical access to one network segment is cut off. For some reason this happened after Ikilled dbus because it was confused and blocking packets thinking they were coming from the wrong interface since eth0 and eth1 both had the same subnet and gateway. I eventually did a "service network-manager restart" but the option was........
  • Errors were found while checking the disk drive for /.


    Iwill start by saying I think I know what caused this boot-time error on Linux Mint but should also apply to Debian and Ubuntu. I changed my BIOS time to several hours in the past to match the current time, but this caused Linux to think there were incorrect filesystem times. The problem is that it seems when you hit this I am not sure what is happening, it doesn't seem to be doing fsck and hangs without prompting the user. What I have found is that........
  • Debian Ubuntu Mint Samba Share config file location


    /var/lib/samba/usershares But note that it is just simple file sharing if you need directory mask, create mask etc... you still need to edit the smb.conf file to create your share. Here is an example file: comment= usershare_acl=S-1-1-0:R,S-1-22-1-1000:F guest_ok=y sharename=BabyPhotos........
  • Debian Linux Ubuntu Mint connect to pptp from terminal bash shell


    apt-get install pptp-linux echo "yourvpnusername * yourpasspass *" >> /etc/ppp/chap-secrets vi /etc/ppp/peers/provpnaccounts.com enter (ignore the lines): ============ pty "pptp server.provpnaccounts.com --nolaunchpppd" name testuser #remotename PPTP require-mppe-128 file /etc/ppp/options.pptp ==========........
  • vi Debian Linux Ubuntu Mint arrow key problem linux ssh bash shell terminal


    Debian/Ubuntu vi keyboard problem, up and down arrows do not work and instead make an A (Up), B (Down), C (Right) or D(Left). The working solution (you could also add the set nocompatible to /etc/vim/vimrc to make it system wide-will not be applied until reboot I believe): echo "set nocompatible" > ~/.vimrc some suggest entering this in vi but it did not work for me: :set term=cons25 The........
  • tsclient (Terminal Server RDP Client) missing in Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint


    This was a horrible shock after upgrading fromUbuntu 9 to Linux Mint 17 and I found that the last distro to support tsclient was Debian Squeeze. For some reason it has disappeared for a long time and the new options such as rdesktop and gnome-rdp do not have any start menu entry and just aren't done as well as tsclient. Fortunately there is a solution: tsclient surprisingly can be downloaded as a direct .deb package and it fails with some variou........
  • Cannot get mono to work properly on Linux Mint


    mono/wine not working in Ubuntu/Linux Mint/Debian: The assembly mscorlib.dll was not found or could not be loaded. It should have been installed in the `/usr/lib/mono/2.0/mscorlib.dll' directory. solution: sudo apt-get install mono-complete Problems: mono does not work well for even simple things like a Winrar self extracting .exe fi........
  • How To Record Your Screen with Linux


    Istanbul: At least in Linux Mint the latest 17.2 version Istanbul freezes when "In process of saving to Disk" even with the workaround of not having Sound recording enabled. It looks like a great app but bugs like this seem to have plague it for over 8 years! Kazam: This little app works great, its only bug is that when you try to tell it to record a window or area it puts a gray cov........
  • Virtualbox Error


    In plain English this happens after you upgrade VBOX and it rebuilds kernel modules based on a newer kernel than you are running (eg. you upgraded your kernel but haven't booted into it). It is too bad there is not a standard work around that would allow it to realize this and keep old kernel modules and use them if it detects your current kernel is older than the most recently build modules. =============== RTR3InitEx failed with rc=-1912 (rc=-1912) The........
  • Debian 8 Jessie in Linux OpenVZ Container does not work on Centos host


    It sounds like this is corrected in later versions of the OpenVZ kernel but Iam not sure, it may also be that a much newer kernel is needed and Centos may not have a recent enough kernel. *Debain 7.0 however does work fine as a temporary fix or work around. Debian 8 OpenVZ no IP and networking not working: lo Link encap:Local Loopback  ........
  • How to scp transfer a file in Linux with spaces


    Say you have a path like this "/some/path/here with spaces/". If you try to transfer it you will get a message along the lines of: scp -rp 192.168.0.12:"/some/path/here space/" . scp: /some/path/here: No such file or directory scp: space: No such file or directory You can escape each space but what a pain that is especially if you have multiple spaces in the path. The simplest way is to use the follow........
  • Centos 6 how to guide convert LVM non-RAID into mdadm 1/10 RAID array live without reinstalling


    Here is the scenario you or a client have a remote machine that was installed as a standard/default minimal Centos 6.x machine on a single disk with LVM for whatever reason. Often many people do not know how to install it to a RAID array so it is common to have this problem and why reinstall if you don't need to? In some cases on a remote system you can't easily reinstall without physical or KVM access. So in this case you add a second physical or disk or already ha........
  • Centos cannot login by console or ssh session closed immediately


    In my case I could login with the initial install but I rsync'd everything over while preserving ownership and permissions to another RAID partition and booted from that.was fine before. The problem is that you are kicked out the second you login and the problem was SELINUX for some reason (perhaps it noticed something strange when it was moved to the new partition) login: pam_unix(login:session): session opened for user root by LOGIN(uid=0) login: ROOT LOG........
  • Virtualbox errors on Ubuntu/Debian/Mint


    The solution was to reinstall the vbox dkms package and do a manual modprobe of the modules it makes. I never sorted out the unable to start due to the USB issue, I did have the guest additions installed but the only way to boot was to change the pointing device from USB to PS2 and then to disable the USB controller (if your pointing device is set as USB, disabling USB will not work because it will re-enable by default when it sees your pointing device is USB, this is w........
  • How To Install Linux Mint 17.2 on mdadm RAID with a separate boot partition


    Iwas surprised to see that Linux Mint at the latest 17.2 version still has NO mdadm installer option, and worse the installer will not be able to create a proper booting environment even when you do install it. How to setup mdadm in Linux mint LiveCD sudo su apt-get install mdadm # partition as you need and then create your mdadm devices # create your SWAP md0 mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sda1 /d........
  • Installing zoneminder on Ubuntu/Debian Linux Howto


    sudo apt-get install zoneminder [sudo] password for one: Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: libuser-perl python-evince kdebase-apps kwrite unixodbc libgnomeprint2.2-data python-soappy vgabios python-metacity hddtemp python-mediaprof........
  • status: { DRDY ERR } error: { ICRC ABRT } failed command: WRITE FPDMA QUEUED MCP55 Linux Errors


    [ 2868.041375] ata1: EH in SWNCQ mode,QC:qc_active 0x40 sactive 0x40 [ 2868.041554] ata1: SWNCQ:qc_active 0x40 defer_bits 0x0 last_issue_tag 0x6 [ 2868.041556] dhfis 0x40 dmafis 0x40 sdbfis 0x20 [ 2868.041874] ata1: ATA_REG 0x41 ERR_REG 0x84 [ 2868.042013] ata1: tag : dhfis dmafis sdbfis sactive [ 2868.042163] ata1: tag 0x6: 1 1 0 1 [ 2868.042301] ata1.00: exception Emask 0x1 SAct 0x40 SErr 0x400000 action 0x6 frozen [........
  • Centos/obfsproxy errors


    I never did get it working, it is too bad as obfsproxy should really be an option and integrated into the OpenVPN client and server or something similar: yum -y install python-pip python-devel No package python-pip available. #install the EPEL repo python-pip install obfsproxy python-pip install obfsproxy -bash: python-pip: command not found pip install obfsproxy &........
  • OpenVZ Install Guide Again / Quick Setup


    yum -y install wget wget -P /etc/yum.repos.d/ http://ftp.openvz.org/openvz.repo rpm --import http://ftp.openvz.org/RPM-GPG-Key-OpenVZ yum -y install vzkernel vzctl #enable ip_forward sed -i s/'net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0'/'net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1'/g /etc/sysctl.conf #all interfaces should not send redirects echo "net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf echo "net.ipv4.co........
  • grub cannot install or boot from mdadm RAID 10 array


    root (hd2,1) Filesystem type unknown, partition type 0x83 grub> root (hd2,2) root (hd2,2) Filesystem type is ext2fs, partition type 0x83 grub> setup (hd2) setup (hd2) Checking if "/boot/grub/stage1" exists... no Checking if "/grub/stage1" exists... no #weird thing about grub is that the drive you enter is considered hd0 For example when booted fu........
  • mdadm create raid10 array with only 2 drives


    mdadm --create /dev/md1 --level 10 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sdb2 /dev/sdc2 --layout=f2 --metadata=0.90 Note that layout=f2 or layout=n2 is very important as without it you'll get a complaint like this: mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level 10 --raid-devices /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdc1 missing missing mdadm: invalid number of raid devices: /dev/sdb1 It is basically more like a prop........
  • HP Procurve Switch 2824 CLI Telnet Experience , Guide and Tutorial


    telnet 192.168.1.54 ------------------------------------- ProCurve J4903A Switch 2824 Software revision I.10.77 Copyright (C) 1991-2009 Hewlett-Packard Co. All Rights Reserved. RESTRICTED RIGHTS LEGEND Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject........
  • Dell CS24-NV7 lspci dmidecode info


    0000:00:00.0 RAM memory: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 Memory Controller (rev a2) 0000:00:01.0 ISA bridge: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 LPC Bridge (rev a3) 0000:00:01.1 SMBus: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 SMBus (rev a3) 0000:00:02.0 USB controller: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 USB Controller (rev a1) 0000:00:02.1 USB controller: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 USB Controller (rev a2) 0000:00:05.0 IDE interface: NVIDIA Corporation MCP55 SATA Controller (rev a3) 0000:00:05.1 I........
  • The redirect URI in the request: urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob can only be used by a Client ID for native application. It is not allowed for the 'WEB' client type.


    You need to set your application type as "Desktop" even though this would sound counterintuitive.........
  • dir2slideshow Centos rpm requirements


    yum -y install dvdauthor ffmpeg mjpegtools sox bc rpm -ivh dvd-slideshow-0.8.4-2.noarch.rpm Preparing... ########################################### [100%] 1:dvd-slideshow ########################################### [100%] /usr/bin/dir2slideshow: line 553: bc: command not f........
  • Dell CS24SC Server Info


    Dell CS24SC Info 0000:00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev 90) 0000:00:02.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 2-3 (rev 90) 0000:00:03.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 3 (rev 90) 0000:00:04.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x16 Port 4-7 (rev 90) 0000:00:05.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5100 Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 5 (rev 90)........
  • Dell CS10-F1D Server Info lspci Linux specs


    0000:00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000P Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev b1) 0000:00:02.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 2-3 (rev b1) 0000:00:03.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 3 (rev b1) 0000:00:04.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 4-5 (rev b1) 0000:00:05.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x4........
  • VPN Account Buyers Guide and General Info


    What does VPN stand for? VPN stands for Virtual Private Network and is a secure way of connecting networks and devices. In the context we're talking about it will usually be a client-server solution and not connecting whole networks or businesses. The assumption is that most people reading this are trying to secure their internet connection, privacy and hide or change their IPaddress. Why use a VPN? There are many........
  • NS_ERROR_FAILURE (0x80004005) The virtual machine 'XP' has terminated unexpectedly during startup with exit code 1.


    The solution is to run '/etc/init.d/vboxdrv setup' and sometimes happens when upgrading VBox and the kernel modules don't get upgraded with it. Sometimes the above doesn't work until you reboot because sometimes other unknown processes (even the file manager possibly) may be locking the old module from being unloaded. Failed to open a session for the virtual machine XP. The virtual machine 'XP' has terminated unexpectedly during startup with exit code 1.........
  • Samsung C410W/CLP410W not printing in Linux solution


    You need to use the Samsung driver but specify it as a CLP-360 (this is what I used for my CLP365) and incidentally most of these units look identical on the outside on inside (I've been buying whatever the latest C300 and now 400 unit for years which all seem the same with slightly different features that I never use). The solution Once again try specifying earlier models and revisions if the printer doesn't print (it will say it's been sent to the printer bu........
  • Samsung Printer Password Login to change settings CLP


    First of all to find your IP you can hold the "X" button for a few seconds and it will print out the DHCP IP. Another way to find the IP that I prefer is to login to your router or switch and find a hostname that says something like "SEC001599CD2948" which will be your Samsung printer (at least for the C3xx or C4xx series of Samsung printers). The login and password for Samsung Syncthru Webservice:........
  • 2CO/2Checkout Howto Enable IPN/Notification Setup & Script Info


    https://www.2checkout.com/documentation/notifications/order-created It shows all the parameters that get passed so you can make a simple script to process it. To enable 2CONotifications you need to do the following: Login Browse to the top right to an icon that looks like a "circle with horizontal lines inside" - Notifications. Enter the appropriate URL for your IPN/Notification processing script (........
  • 2CO/2Checkout how to create recurring payment subscription button dynamically


    It was hard to find this as I find most online payment processors don't just put the basic information in plain view. Remember to set your sid (your seller id). The below can easily be turned into a scripted PHP template to integrate into your own custom or existing payment solution. http://help.2checkout.com/articles/How_to/How-to-Sell-Recurring-Products-with-2Checkout/........
  • CPanel Link to all of the command line options


    CPanel says you can access 98% of the functions through CLI which experienced Unix/Linux admins prefer for simplicity and for scripting.  I've never found CPanel easy to use from the admin panel, it seems everything is hard to find and a simple task becomes a series of hunts. So for people like me here's the list: http://cpanel.net/system-administrators/command-line-scrip........
  • phpBB create new email hash manually when modifying or adding user manually directly through MySQL


    Many may ask why would you need to do this? When upgrading from phpBB 2 to 3 the conversion does not keep the admin user you create. If your old admin user has an email address associated that no longer works or is accessible this makes it impossible to reset the admin password. Some may just say "I'll just manually edit the e-mail address" but it won't work and phpBB will fail to find that user if you don't update the "user_email_hash" field but how do........
  • The Best NoSQL Solution


    To first start off, there are many misconceptions about NoSQL and especially its strengths and weaknesses. Even the popular NoSQL solution MongoDB is fraught with issues that no one seems to be concerned about aside from a few but there are serious issues with database integrity and verified writes. MySQL was considered dangerous or incomplete at one point without having the transactional safety features of Oracle for example. However the NoSQLimplementations seem........
  • drbd won't sync 8.3.13 on OpenVZ kernel


    I used the matching 8.3.13 utilities and it didn't work but strangely the newer 8.3.16 which makes DRBD complain works just fine. GIT-hash: 83ca112086600faacab2f157bc5a9324f7bd7f77 build by root@sighted, 2012-10-09 12:47:51  0: cs:SyncSource ro:Secondary/Primary ds:UpToDate/Inconsistent A r-----     ns:0 nr:0 dw:0 dr:0 al:0 bm:0 lo:0 pe:0 ua:0 ap:0 ep:1 wo:b oos:5236960   &am........
  • Wordpress Security Hole, Plug it by manually installing themes and plugins


    It's always bothered me how Wordpress basically forces the user to provide their hosting credentials to install themes and plugins. How do know for sure the data is not being saved, intercepted and being provided backdoor access to the NSA or other agencies or even just being misused by others with access? Here's how to close the security hole above and if you're already given Wordpress your credentials make sure you change everything associated it with it. Eg. change your........
  • cPanel VPS Server Cannot Login as root


    I was worried the server was hacked, I was logged in already as root but couldn't login to CPanel or a new SSHsession. I even reset the password from the shell and it did not work still. The reason is CPanel Hulk, it detected a brute-force attack so it locked down the root account entirely even from the correct password. According to cPanel the best way around this is to whitelist your IP.........
  • /usr/local/cpanel/bin/apache_conf_distiller 100% cpu


    On some CPanel installs we see complaints of "/usr/local/cpanel/bin/apache_conf_distiller" causing 100% cpu usage without any solution. Killing the process causes it to spawn again, actually it seems it tends to spawn multiple processes itself. Restarting CPanel itself is a temporary but not permanent solution.........
  • What a hdd hard drive and mdadm RAID array failure looks like in Linux


    [3805108.257042] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] 1953525168 512-byte hardware sectors: (1.00 TB/931 GiB) [3805108.257052] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off [3805108.257054] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Mode Sense: 00 3a 00 00 [3805108.257066] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write cache: enabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA [3805108.257083] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] 1953525168 512-byte hardware sectors: (1.00 TB/931 GiB) [3805108.257090] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off........
  • [Hardware Error]: CPU:0 MC4_STATUS[-|CE|MiscV|-|AddrV|CECC]: 0x9c054c84011c011b [Hardware Error]: cache level: L3/GEN, tx: GEN, mem-tx: RD [Hardware Error]: Northbridge Error (node 0): L3 data cache ECC error.


    This server has been running for weeks without issue, it's currently only using 1 of 2 CPUs as it is running in the office as a test bed (mainly due to the handle 12 bay storage/great for testing HDDs). The errors below seem to mainly be from AMD CPUs, it's only happened a single time and in the days since Igot that error it hasn't occurrred. Interestingly enough /proc/cpuinfo still shows all 4 cores of the CPU (Opteron 2373 Quadcore HE) and the functionality doesn't seem........
  • kvm centos cannot compile error


    ./configure ./configure: cannot locate gcc 3.x. please install it or specify with --qemu-cc yum -y install gcc make ./configure ./configure: cannot locate gcc 3.x. please install it or specify with --qemu-cc yum -y install compat-gcc-* ./configure Error: Could not find alsa Make sure to have the alsa libs and headers installed. yum -y install alsa-lib-devel ./configure........
  • KVM on Centos 6.3 cannot boot FreeBSD 9.2 AMD64


    On the same OS with the same kernels basically I cannot boot FreeBSD installer, I believe the issue is the host CPU. One host runs an Intel and works, while an Opteron 2373 does not work despite suggestions from this thread: http://149.20.54.209/showthread.php?t=36761 I've tried cpu options like "kvm64" "Opteron_G3" and none........
  • Migrate Linux Mint OS from one drive to another


    mount -o bind /proc /sda2/proc mount -o bind /dev/ /sda2/dev mount -o bind /sys /sda2/sys chroot /sda2 mint / # mount -o bind /proc /sda2/proc mint / # mount -o bind /dev/ /sda2/dev mint / # mount -o bind /sys /sda2/sys mint / # chroot /sda2 mint / # cd ~ mint ~ # ls Desktop mint ~ # cd / mint / # ls bin Desktop dev-temp home&nb........
  • guestmount to mount a disk image


    guestmount -a yourimage.img -m /dev/sda1 --ro /mountpoint Change "yourimage.img"to the actual disk image. Change "/dev/sda1" to the device on the disk image you want to mount. --ro is specified only if you don't want write access (good to ensure you don't mess anything up if you just want to recover data).........
  • CPanel suhosin install failed


    /scripts/phpextensionmgr install PHPSuHosin Updating md5sum list Fetching http://httpupdate.cpanel.net/cpanelsync/easy/targz.yaml (connected:0).......(request attempt 1/12)...Resolving httpupdate.cpanel.net...(resolve attempt 1/65)... Fetching http://httpupdate.cpanel.net/mirror_addr_list (connected:0).......(request attempt 1/3)......connecting to 74.50.120.123...@74.50.120.123......connected......receiving...100%......request success......Done........
  • Dell FS12-NV7 2U Server Information and Guide


    I've got one of these for testing projects from work at home and got more than I bargained for with the time I've spent on it due to the storage handing/Perc 6/i cards. My particular model came with the following: 2U Rack Mount Server with Rails 2xOpteron 2373 EE (Quad Core, there is a 6-core version that can be found at times) 16GB RAM 2 x 250GB Seagate SATA 2 x Dell Perc 6/i (horrible and a nightmare to work........
  • Dell Perci 6/i Firmware Upgrade Guide Tutorial


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  • LSI MegaRAID Adventures, Guide and HowTo


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  • Bash weird variable whitespace missing when echoing printing


    Bash weird variable whitespace missing var=`cat tlds.csv|grep .ca,` # echo "var=:$var:" :ar=:.ca,Canada Why is the v missing in the last line? It should be :var=:.ca,Canada instead of :ar=:.ca,Canada I noticed a problem with the file with doing a "cat -v" on it. Here's the issue, the file contains carat M ^M: .vg,British Virgin Island........
  • Execute Local Bash Scripts remotely by SSH


    for ip in `cat fixlist.txt`; do sudo -u apache ssh root@$ip "`cat iptablesrules.sh`" done In the above example we are going to execute the commands within the local file "iptablesrules.sh" on all the machines in "fixlist.txt". This is a great way of performing server maintenance in a clustered or cloud environment.........
  • bash how to read a single line or filenames with spaces solution


    This happens all the time, you are reading from a textfile which has spaces eg: datainfo 00 datainfo 11 If you do loop on it like this: for info in `cat $file`; do echo "info=$info" done It will treat datainfo and 00 as two separate lines: info=datainfo info=00 Obviously that's not what we want and there are many weird solutions in bash bu........
  • Ubuntu Download Packages/Updates for EOL Unsupported Old Releases


    I installed Ubuntu 11.04 for testing purposes but I couldn't even download SSH server: sudo sed -i -e 's/us.archive.ubuntu.com/old-releases.ubuntu.com/g' /etc/apt/sources.list After running the above make sure you do a "apt-get update" Note with the above that Ihave the search string of "us.archive.ubuntu.com" change it to whatever is in your sources.list The above does not fix all repositories either, I haven't had a chance t........
  • openoffice calc printing extra blank pages


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    Yes, Iadmit I finally got bitten by the hype as much as I can usually see through it all. Keep in mind this review is of the "stock" phone, no jailbreaking yet which is what really unleashes the customizability and whyI bought iPhone. I had better things to say about this phone before buying it, and it is a great phone, perhaps the best on the market by far, if not because of the Mac OS port onto the iPhone and all the apps, etc, etc. With that said........
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    This is unfortunate and frustrating as many sites use it, a lot of people are frustrated that TinyMCE does not work on the iPhone Safari browser. Apparently the developer of TinyMCE's answer is "talk to Apple about it" It's really frustrating although, I wonder if any other mobile phones are able to use TinyMCE or not, whatever the case is it would be nice to find a solution to use TinyMCE on the........
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    The dmg format is silly and annoying to work with, why couldn't Apple stick with the .iso standard? Anyway, there's an excellent Linux and Windows based tool to convert it back to a normal .iso Image called dmg2iso I'll only cover theLinux version although the Windows pre-built binary works the same way. Download dmg2iso here for free (from the author's website) It's just silly and doesn't make sense that Ubuntu doe........
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    As much of a computer nerd as Iam, I'm usually a late adopter to technology for a few reasons. Ifeel most new hyped technologies and electronics are mainly fads, and I'm also cheap. Adopting later means you avoid the bugs, kinks and most importantly pay the lowest price, that's me being cheap again :) I never read much about the iPhone but Isaw all the hype around it and until recently I wasn't a big fan of anything Apple until a few years ago I realize........
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    I've had an old Blackberry for a few years and I was ready to spend some serious cash on a nice Nokia. I love the idea of the Linux based Symbian S60 OS, so I was looking at phones like the E63, E71 (both are basically the same, at least CPU/screensize although E71 is thinner, has a 3MP camera, has GPS, and has dedicated buttons to adjust the volume). Then Iheard about the N97 and what a revolution it was supposed to be and it was even compared to iPhone. To........
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    This is the Intel Atom 330 motherboard with integrated Realtek Gigabit NIC (Intel Desktop Board D945GCLF2 Motherboard W/ Atom 330 1.6 GHz Dual Core Processor - Mini-ITX) I cannot achieve more than 15 MB/s, even doing a local transfer through eth0 to it's own IP. 100% 95MB 15.9MB/s 00:06 So this is not a cabling, switch or hardware issue, it seems like a driver or chipset limitation problem. Here is my........
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    Igot this after copying a VMWare image onto another machine in Debian. SIOCSIFADDR No such device eth0 error while getting interface flags The solution 1.) Find and edit the device line in persisent-net.rules note it will be prefixed with something like z25 or something else. vi /etc/udev/rules.d/z25_persistent-net.rules The easiest way is to comment anything out. If you are feeling........
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    When trying to even cd or ls the mounted OCFS2 partition it crashes. Ithink this is a combination of VMWare Server's problem and the way I mounted and symlinked to it. More than anything this shows the problem and lack of forsight with VMWare, but also that OCFS2 is easily crashed if you do strange things. Output of /var/log/messages for OCFS2 Apr 10 15:57:45 localhost kernel: [84331.691258] Modules linked in: vmnet vmci vmmon ocfs2_stac........
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    Server not using user level security and no password supplied. tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_WRONG_PASSWORD That happens when trying to use smbclient to connect to a share. The weird thing is that I can authnenticate just fine from Windows XP. It is partially my mistake, I forgot this share does have a password. I've tried authenticating with the correct user and also with "Guest" because this works in Windows. In Linux I ........
  • Rackable Systems and their Microslice Clustered 1U Servers


    Ithink there has been a lot of negative press towards Rackable Systems. We will give their new solution credit that it is marketed very well, and comes prepackaged and ready to go. But let's cut through the hype of both sides, the people who love this concept and the people who hate it. What Rackable Systems have done is a first, to minimize space, power and costs into small servers. This is great, and many companies have already built their own servers based........
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    ((: 08: value too great for base (error token is "08") Here is the code that caused it for ((track=1;track ........
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